Newspaper Page Text
H v - - .... . ' '-"r";
JOHN H. HEY WOOD.
:DEC. 8, 189.
' W -.?, occofional'y, a nasAir (A
ttraont A art net $xtenotT,ii
r jrml of it, they nay it in-
iilUl : j Wwl I
A" Nailce. " ; ,
; shall, la fatue, dlacoatiaue I
v,Bcr to subscribers after las tXt
tha w. for which their subscriptions j
see otherwise i Detracts.
. We bafe delayed the publicf;"ur "'
week'a Czaraiaer hoping to be able to gi car
readere the Meaaage of the Freaident, bat ap tu
thia lime ae ergaaiialioa haa takrn placet"
m - r ,
C'ttaage la ike Kaaaalaer.
-1 A - . .1
w u. Mat ftHt hi U fA at InafakBtH ftf tM'-'Ve
moatha and intimated as ear ran forao ,
lag the probability of the diacontiaaanee of tht
With the present n amber tbeeiz meathe ex
pire aad probability haa become iiertaJnty. Wa
ad it aeceeiary to diecoatinee Uie pablicatloa
of the Emiaer at leaat aa a weekly paper
though we hope that Ita existence my be per
pelaaled ia another farm. Brforo epeaklng
particularly of 1he propoaed ch.inge, we deaire
ta ejr a fear word to oar readere, not aa fare
well ord, fjr we hope to have the privilege
of eprakiog again aodofirn to them, bat words
which the occasion eeems to jaetify.
And, first, we desire from tbe depths of oar
hearts to thank our subscribers, oue and all, for
tbe Interest which they have manifested i a the
psper. S-ldom doee it fall to the lot of men
enfsjed ia promoting, or in humbly endeavor
ing to promote, the welfare of humanity, to re
ceive more cheering tea'Jmoniala of approbation
lb aa have been received by na. Erery cow and
thea lettera have come ta our fce, e-rilten
aomelimea by men of tittle education, some
times by men of the highest culture, which
htve male ear hearts thrill with gladnesa and
gntttude; and although we knew full well that
the Interest f-lt by the wri'ers iu the progress
of freed jm ud their kindly feelius towards Us
caused them to over-etiimate the importance of
oar labors, yet we could not but rejoice at the
evidences of an interact so deep aud a friendahip
The following sentence from a lefer written
by one of the first historiana of America, may
eerve to show how we have been encouraged in
tbe performance of dutiea which bsve often
been ardaousaud trying, and which sornetimes
have subjected us to great harahneari and bit
terness of denanciktion, but which have al
ways been pleasant from the conscioaa.tees that
in divcharring 1hm, we were attempt ng, ac
cording to the beat of our power, to advance tbe
Interests of ear country aud our kind: "I bare
read tbe Emmluer wilh great pleasare since its
first D amber. Means, I hope will be found to
easiain it, for it eroald be a public calamity to
have it die. Very few American newspapers
equal ilia ability, and none surpass it In good
taate,god temper, and good sense."
To Ifce rnlor ef this letter, and to all others
whe have spoken words of encouragement, we
return our sincere and heartfelt thanks
la the aecood place, we would avail oaraelvee
of lli.s opportunity to eatresa our gratitude to
the many editors la and out of the Slate, who
by their courtesy la exchanging with the Ex
aminer, and by their favorable noticee of Its
contents, have at once caused tbe paper to be
widely known and very greatly facilitated oar
The press in Kentucky, whether opposed to
emancipation or favorng it, with but thrt-e ex
Ceptiooi.we believe, hate used, when referring to
our paper, the language characteristic of high-
minded, christian gentlemen. To the editors
who have distinguished I lie mel res by pursuing
tha opposite coarse, and whose abuse we have
declined noticing, we would simply aiy that we
hope that the ill-feellngu which they have man
feeted, may have doue as little injury to them.
aa! vea as to us, and that tbe leaeoa taught them ,
vii: that scurrility and calumny only recoil
upon their authors, may not aoon be forgotten
To all others we would tender our cordial wish'
as for their prosperity aa a token of our apprecia
tion of their courtesy and kindness. To the
editor of the Louisville Courier, at wboaa office
the Examiner baa been printed, we would espe
daily tender out thanka for many personal at
tenlions, and for hia manly adrocacy of the
cause of emancipation
We woulJ that time and space permitted us to
allude individually to the pipers In other States,
wboaa oourUsy baa placed ua under many obli
gationa. Thia pleasing task, however, we cannot
perform, for it performance would require not
one but many columns. We can only refer to a
few of Iba many editors, who la one way or an
other, have assisted ia making onr editorial
work ae-reeabie. To the editors of tha New
Orleaaa Creecent,a paper conducted with impar
tiatity and ability; of the National Era, a paper
which, though we distent from its leading idea of
effecting moral reform by political action, ia aJ
wave welcome on account of ita rare intellectu
al keenness and discrimination aud Ita even
headed justice; to the editore of the varioua
Reform paper of the North which, ofUaullraland ha, within it 0 eiwnenU lllBerent
are si ways earnest; of the New York Tribune,
which never fails to visit as daily, though we
caa only make a weekly return, a paper char
acterised by great life, by aatiring industry.
and a ceaseless interest- ia all movements af
fecting tbe welfare of society; of the New York
Evening Post, which is doubly favored ia hav
log one of the beet mi a da of the nation to adorn
its editorial columns, and ia possessing a corps
of correspondents, domestic and foreign, whoee
communications are Invariably interesting and
valuable; and to the editor of the Boston Atlas,
a paper thoroughly political, yet conducted
with eo much spirit, aud having so great an
amount of commercial and literary information
aa to be interesting to tbo general reader; to
these editore aad to all othera with whom we
have bad the pleasure of exchanging, we would
acknowledge our Indebtedness.
We would avail oaraelvee of the preaent op
portunity to thank tbe Correspondents of tbe
Examiner for their many favors. Their com
anaaications, at ihe aame time that they have
lease oed our labors, have added greatly to the
life and value of tbe paper. Itia Interesting to
observe that among our contributors we have
had clergymea, representing nearly all Chriati
aadeaeotiaationa. Tbe Bishop of the Episco
pal church. Rev. W. L. Breckinridge of the
Presbyterian church, Rev. Mr. Pendleton of
tha Bapltat church, and Rev. Mr. , we
regret tiiat we are not permitted to mention the
ame of aae whose article a over the siganUr j
of Cieroe" have been read with deep interest
aad ef whom the Methodist church may aaefi,
be prowd by the eemmealeaUona of these, aej
veil aa of many other representatives, lay aad
cr the overeat denominarjoit,, l
Colston have been ewicbed. Tbto tet afford
gratifying vldiaa that the latertet IB free
dom' treat and good eat haa been aonfined
to n aeaoral nation.
But time forbids our earing moi. To all
then, who have maalfesttd an lateiaat lathe
Eia miner aad is tha eauae which It baa an
deavored to promote, wa would say, "thaoke,
...... m - . . 1 . - . . .. .1 a
i and may
Godbleee yon all."
A id bow a word ia eonclaylon. We bate ;
aimd to have Uie cHaraotir of the Cjtaoiloer
accordaoc with iUrr.ottc : "prove ill tbtf, jthe delilwratUe bocliee ol the ir"
holJ f.tVhe gcd." W hjva pBi(tee, tlielof the religious nects -----'
adTocatee of rnot dlverw opiatiAite a U;(inlnicUon or iaea';
ihrjs;h IU toIg"nii-ih 'pro-
'v) waaf taw
dentfrlondot -BClpatiwaOi. t ti
ocate of gradaai.and tin advocatnf ia.ldi-
tecmaaeipaiioD, til. hive txsea ptruiiiMta (q,
ak and sjii I
-Ii hasr'"-! t
i learn ,
from open JieuueMr,
novlngaU tilings, that
i good thiji;( t utych
j to hold t--rr--;'i' ,;1
V.r "elve.i, w tile sje akibg la' '
hive nought alwaya
k i recepl 01 ine ocrij- ,--
v," and ,;
" r fa a .i- to.,. '
!Ul UtadvcrUiak'aiu -
- ae!c'..5u ""BitaVhlea
been of,r ?-rhat
r j taut ! -..
lade , i,r
Siera aeee" '
nitse la every j.,.
ia printing we ha.
matter already f
1 Mi U
r , - ,
Of thev , - 'trflau-
elpatioal -, wahave Mf. In mo
nientdoubv aoi frienJa of the eaa ttg
tlie past few "L.rr't, bale had rnatht.. ''T
for anxiety, btitnoae hi despo dneT ''
though preaeet sacoeas bis bee;' ' t
uiaty of final triumph waa aevtf jnieaiat ,
now. Tbeaut of hopenhlnea in Uie h wvena
ith andimmed luatre. Tbe aubjtct. ha baa a
freely diacuaaed, and many of the beet lalnde
aad purest hearta of tbe State have committed
themaelvea gladly, uureaarvediy.Oand for ever,
to the cause of freedom. We doubt not that,
hen the aubject shall came up again far ac
tion , to be decided upon Ita owa merits, and
without reference to political conHidarations,
a result will crown the efforta of the friend of
freedom which will eaaae their heaite to thrill
Thua believing, tha hoping, we cannot bear,
even for a brief period, to see tbe caaae without
an organ. It ia impossible for aa lo keep up
tiie Weekly Examiner. With the moat rigid
economy, the receipt are not nearly eufficienl
lo defray the expenaea; bat rather than have
'Lie paper atop, our puUlaher propoeea to iaane
the Examiner monthly, in pamphlet form of
sixteen page, handsomely printed on good pa
p r, at one Doixaa a year. We atand ready to
assiat him, aa far aa we can, with oar editorial
services, and he haa reaaon to believe that many
of the ableat advocaieo of emancipat.oa la the
State will lend their aid.
It rest with the friends of the cause to aay
whether, la 1U new form, the Examiner aha II
live or die. We truet that every one of Ita
preaent subscribers will renew hia subscription.
and make earneat effort to procure new sub
.,lKr. Tk Ar. n.n.K.r It U ,v.l
iMue early in January, and succeeding nambers
on tbe first of every month.
Friends, what say yoat Shall the effort aue-
ceedorfailT Shall the paper live or diet
Slavery aa aaTeeteel ay She Aall-Slavorv
Noexpreaion is more common among pro-ala-very
men than thia: "Tint agiUtion haa filed
lighter the fetters of the alave, aad thrown back
Emancipation half a century.'
This moat fatal and delutiredoctnne baa been
repeated ao often and in ao many different fcrma,
both by tbe pubiio preen and public speakers,
that it baa come to be received aa an unques
tionable truth, even by many well-meaning
This favorite doctrine of pro-alavery men ta aa
fake in philosophy aa it ia unfouadiri in fact.
When, we ask, in the world'a hiatory, haa a
moral evil 1 ke alavery Uen atreng'.hentd by
paaaing the aearching otdeai of public diecuaeionf
When waa tyranny, opprewiion or wrong of any
kind ever made popular ty having ita abueee
It would seem to be impossible that tha con.
centrated public opinion of the Union in op
position to human alavery, could tend to rivet
tighter the chain of the alave. Disctueion and
investigation bearing upon an acknowledged
evil, have never yet been known to strengthen
The laws authorizing imprisonment for debt,
were repealed only by the general employment
of those means. The same lnalrumatitalitiea
are now actively employed ia daninudiing the
evUs of intemperance. The aame weapons
were wielded by the philanthropists aad public
men of England, Frame, Holland, and Swe
den, in effecting the extirpation of alavery from
tho soil of their several jurisdictions; and the
same meane and inatrumentalltiee will ulU.
mately produce the aame effects in oar own land.
in relation to; he institution it alavery. African
alavery can never be atrengtaenedby the rapidly
accumulating and increasing opposition now be
ing arrayei against it, and a-rery voice, of every
man, woman and child throughout Christen.
dom, that ia beard in its condemnation, acoeler-
ratea its fall.
Slavery is a relic of herbalism and pagan lam,
strength to resist tha onelaughls which cWilixa-
tion and Christianity are constantly making on
Theie ia a constant antagonism between hu
manity and cbattelism. God made the man
hia creatures have made the chattel, and it is in
vain fcr man to contend agiinst hia maker.
But let ua appeal to the facta in the case.
If the condition of the slave haa been made
worse, in consequence of the anti-elavery agita
tion, it must be either phytically, intellectually,
or religiously worse.
Have alavea less to eat thaii formerly? Is their
food of a lees nourishing and wholesome kindf
Are they clothed in a wonut manner, or leas
securely sheltered from the elements than ia
former yearsf We take the ground that in all of I
these rwpects they are in a good and in very
many instance a better condition than they
were previoun to the anti-a every discussion.
All tbe motives wbich ever operated on the mind
of the master, inducing him to provide for the
physical comfort of the alave, are aa powerful I
aa ever; and aa far aa a close observation of I
seventeen yeara wm enaoie ua to judge, we
are clearly of tbe opinion that the phyaical oou
dition of U e alave la improving rather than dote-
Surely, it will not be content ad that tha intel
lectual condition of the alave ii worse In 1849,
than in 1839 or 1829. 'The aUveahall be regar
ded and esteemed aa a personal chattel to all In-
leresto' arid purposea whatever" waa the law of I
Slavery then. It ia the aame atrw. Grose igno
rance in tbe minds of the alavi is now and al-
ways haa been tha condition precalent tor tha I
Tlwtimejk an! uumntv nf .U,a 1 I
Jtriielim drag, dowawaaia tha ninda of ita '
victim with the force of ajatid gravitation.
Ia thia respect, it can never ba butter uol worse-
Slavery haa no tue for the achoolmaau i.
Tha religious condition of the el area ia no
worse but far better than in paer. yean. A fat
greater number are brought oiditr tenuous in
etruction than former:;-; Slaveholdera, aa a
claaa, are making mater efforla to have their
slave taught religious trutha. 8 rnoda, aesocia-
t lions, conference, and other ndigioua bodice,
are givieg a prominence to inia luojeci, mineral
to unknewn. Aa enaruiBft'jon of: the nunutee oi
ooi aa christian I
i fiom gentrala to ;p:
y Uiat the 1st i f
, thi cift W'
.vua brirk houae ot
eince."'ftiey agreed,) pay tftJOO let it, and
they baie paid it. Theypay their pastor a liber
al salary; they ccuduct the varioua exercises of
publio u'ortdiip io a ery aolema and becoming
mannerj and the church ia aaid to conUin the
....t it3ni of communicanU of any church
y. iuetttia the large bncit cnurcn
. uf th atreet, poichaaed at a chancery aale
a few j eara aijace, by the African MethodiaU,
nd held iu trust for the chinch by colored tnin,
in Vhich a very litje congregation worship every
Sabbath. There in also another commodious
and a"' cTiurch pn Centre afreet, called the
"VTc--a Tercpl V huilt by the copied men
t t---a yaam aince; ia addition to which
- -iiufatt.rbwTcsv wor-
. i- .a wiiLitt builuingtoimcriy occupirJ
' the Re W. C Buck, tha talented editor c-f
baptist rnner: Here, Ubb, in thia city,
lu :- were formeulf owned and occupied by
"white christian," that hate leen purchase.
sni aeP apart for Uie teligiona purposea of the
colored people, within the past few yeara. All
of these andkome others which we have net
- - " been Wilt or purchased during the
,IU anti-elavery agitation haa been
rcwlng aal nsaluring with unprecedented
ndity. Now, it were the height i louy
oae that the large expenditure of mo-
ohed in the joirchase and erection of theaejfRj oppc,Mou Ut iplrlt
MX-" ave been made by alavea earn-
ng no , t groea, who aredebarrel
by cusw-i and laVi-aa nearly all profitable
employTne-xcpt upon tha uppoaition that
they were L led, and very largsly aasU.ted.too,
by the more liberal and humane of our white
population, including of course U e owners of the
alavea. Wa affirm, then, that the facte ia the
case, instead of showing a diseitkn on tbe
part of the Southern people to curtail the reli
gioua privileges of the colored reople in conse
quence of agitation, ehow conclusively exactly
Never have the people of the South manifes
ted so deep an interest in the religious in true
tbnof tbe slsves, or a more cordial sympathy
with all legitimate efforts for tueir improvement,
than at the present time.
We rejoice that It is ao, for wa look upon tbu
fact a pregnant with important results. To ua,
it is the harbinger of a brighter day, a rnoat con
vincing proof of the ameliorating influence of
Christianity under advene circumstances and
a living record of the great trutu which the
nrurer of f rovuience has written upon the world a
history, namely: That humanity ia atronge
I Thia Improved eonditlon of the alavea la not
I COnnUOQ IO IVeUlUCST. ID WIO BIBVO OlS WW Ol
J 1- I . T r 1 t .1 I O.
tne extreme soum mere ia ais a maraeu im
provement. Some fifteen yeara since, gang o
nerro and malatto womea miiht be aeea at
work every day lo the street of New Orleaoa
ander supervision of a white driver, flourish in
a formidable whip. We have often aeea brigb
and Intelligent looking girla, alrrioet white, in
thla degrading eituation, with long Iron prong
fastened around their necks. At that period II
waa a common remark, "that many an unfor
lunate mulatto girl waa condemned to thla de
grading puniahment ia consequeace of the jeal
ousy of her mlalreaa." But these matters were
toocommoa to excite any surprise.
On a recent visit to that city, we were In
formed that this seml-barbaroua practice ol
working women in atreet gangs, had been aban
doned and among the numeroua gangs cf
alavea which are aeen dally at work on tbe levee,
wa aaw no women; nor did we ee a srai'p In
use but once.
Ob tha Sabbath, wo observed the colored peo
pie, generally well dreased. In regular alten
dance at different churches, and were Informed
on unqnestionableaathority, that their religioua
condition waa much better than formerly. W
also made Inquiry Into the phyaical and religious
condition of the alavea on tbe plantations, and
although tbe result of these inquiries was not
ho satisfactory aa in tbe cltiea, it left no ground
for the auppositloa that tbe condition of the
ulaves ia grewing worse
Another fact ahould be mentioned a showing
Ihe tecdency of pubiio sentiment In the slsve
Bia tea. We allude to the growing feeling
I gainst the public exhibition of the slave cauia
It ia aeldom that the feelings of this comma
tity are shocked with Ihat dleguaUng, bat per
bapa necessary appendage of chattel alavery.
Doubtleia large numbers of slsves are annual
ly forced away from their kindred and home, to
endure the more severe forms of slavery expert
enced oa the eugar and cotton plantations but
this is dona la a less public manner than for
merly, Indicating certainly, on thia point, a
qsickening of the pubiio conscience. The laat
alave chain gang that we observed parading
through the atreets ef Loulaville, ped eery
earfy in tk morning
If we examine the elnve lawe of the United
States, we shall find that those whmh appear
moat cruel and Inhuman, when weighed In the
stales of "aqaal and exact justice." were enact
oil long anterior to the preaent antl-alavery ex
citement Tbe patrol la wa, the lawa directing
alavea to be whipped for all minor offences,
tbe lawa giving fall authority to the master to
separate husband and wife, parent and child,
tbe lawa directing free negroes from other Statea
to be sold into alavery, are part and parcel
of the slave system Itself.
These factt are sufficient for our present pur
pees, aad we conclude the argument oa thia
point by remarking, that tbe master, having a
rejrard for his owa Interest, who taaltreata his
slave or deprives him of comfortable closing
and wholesome food la consequence of the anti-
alavery agitation, manlfeats as muoh wisdom a
tha man who atarvea hi horse for foar of loalng
him. . And the christian, who deprives his slave
of hie accuatomed religion privileges ia conse
quince of the antl-alavery sentiments of other
christian!,' should either abandon his e brie-
tlaaity er hie alavery for they are entiralv op
pooed to sach other. If alavery ia eelf-dnfenee
obligee the-maater to Interfere between the alave
and hla God It needa ao other co ndemnation.
The other doctrine of pro-alavery men againat
which we enter oar protest, la thia: That le
gal emancipation haa been thrown back Indefi
nite y by the aatl-alavery dieeuasion." Without
a shadow of proof to austaln it, thla must be
takia a mere assertion, and as such, valaed
for what it la worth. It M not pretended that
any definite plan of emancipation had been
agreed oa la thia StaU; aetther la It asserted
that any legislative body er org-inle convention
I h . w t fk. a! w. Rftataa k .4 ii.rlnii.1 .
aind a proposition looking to the extirpa-
lloa of slavery, prafioda Co the prcaaat aatl
alavery aeiUtlon. Bat U )b eaid that tbe mat-
tar had been talked of J rniBfood nn, aTi
that alavary waa generally eoueldered en ail
to be got rid of la eome way, and In aome 4n
defiolu period of Uma,' DouiUeae, thla U all
ery trna. Bat doea tile proe that the people
ute pro iu r-i :-
.rir l.. .kt.-MiniUii anJ nnwtae I
v. ! w '
aa to eharlah and Daroataalo aa InaUlouoa
. ,L L ..ii w.nw
wuica uiev acaaowieurv i
.ar..t arrlrta .ad. to t rid of that evil 1
V- llltVa akaaAiataWBraT.
" 1 .
4-m kUTlw nv xftLMV aivue"". j .
ergy In the met-
f lf KVlty, tht they wU
-e of policy m-Hy
t I.'! , -'a
. e paopU
.4 iiMa.ilea of-slavery
.iie fanatlolaro vi all the enu-eiavery moij
the world'would' lot have atopped them
Tbe alter gionndleaaBeaa of tbe-poaiUoa
. . Ill, kS lMf.
wnicn we are aov "-a "
ly manlfeeted u'our late elecUon of dolegataa
to the convention.', The dlsUngulahed citiseae
of our owa StaU who propoaed plaaa and la
bored xealonsly and earnestly for emancipation
met with ceeeeieer contumely aad ebuee
Emanclpatora waredenoanced aa "faaatka,
MUorgaalxaro," aid "traltere to the rignte ai
ih. South " aad even the more docorooe of the
i i 1 ,..rJ. .maneioatore
i. , -I., .i... k.i nraeiAuclv beeB I
the aame langaafe that bad previously oeeni
towirdelha antl-alavery men of the free
Statea. and fcld tbena plainly that they had I
Aeww -!rpt1tai"al jiwswHpeton halMavee Is enUtled to the gravest eonslderatlon la
a ceituryaa4 all thu. foe, when the emaa-1 veij alaveaWlngaelmmaaH.'-'Wa hope' thai
clpatloa party were content to secure ta tbe
Lpeople of Keatackf the right to perfect a plaa
of amanc DBtioa la or ander too new consum
Tha actlenso far) of tne convention Itself,
furniahee additional proof of the unsoundness
of the poiilion we are combatting. Distrust ol
the popular will oa tbe eubject of alavery haa
clearly marked all the debatee. Tbe ptopU can
be trusted with every thlnr but this. Tbs eon.
titution is to be guarded, not against the abo
lillonlatsof the free Statea, but againat the pee-
of Ktntueky and to be framed, not in no
of tbe e0 Jl
The qaeatioB discussed la this article la aa
importaat aae, both to pro-alavery aod aall
slavery men, aad it should be examined in a
spirit of fairness aad candor. We have no de
fense to offer, aad no sympathy to ei press with
any Illegal meaeurea enacting tne rignu 01
masters and slavee, originating either in th
free or slsve Statea. Wa alwaya have respected
an 1 alwaya shall respect all rigktt see a red to
the citizen by the laws of the land ; but this
must not prevent us from speaking frcV.y and
fully, even ia oppoaitioa to the lawa which, aa
good citizens, we are bound to obey. As inde
pendent journalist, we are defending the pro-
pie of Kentucky againat what we eonaider to
be a false charge. We contend that, as a class,
slsve-holdere are aot aa cruel and anjast as
the aplrit of their laws; thai, generally, they
are influenced in their treatment of alaves by
an enlightened self-interest ; that although the
law regards the slave simply aa a personal chat
lei, the i uteres la and humane feelinga of tbe
tu aster prompt him to regard tbe alave as a man
aad that tha charge ao often made by pro-alave
ry meo, both la the North and South, In rela
tion to tbe deteriorating condition and increased
bardahipa of the blacks, haa ao foundation In
We are not la the habit of boasting of our
devotion to the "rights of tha South." but we
leel too strong a regard for all the right of all
theeilizena of oar common coaatry, to do wil
Img Injustice U any.
Relist Caltar of Slave.
' We find in the laat number of the Methodiat
Expositor, a eotamunieatloa from our friend, E
D. Hobbe, E , of thia county, who ia record
ing steward of Ihe Methodiat Ep ecopal Church
Accompanying yha eommnnlcation ia a pream
Die aad a aeries oi resolutions which were
unanimously adopted at the late meeting of the
Middletowa Conference. We aubjoin them:
Wktrtat, we recognise the high moral and
religioua oblige tan resting on all alaveholders,
to bave their aervants instructed in the rrest
trutha of the Bible, (a proper knowledge of
wblcn la aa certainly caieaiated to make them
better servants, a it ia to make ua better mas
ters;) and belter! ng there ia not Ibat attention
given by usfa-ho la God'a providence occapy
the poaiiloo toward them that we do) to thia
important sibject and being well convinced,
that tho prseent system, of religioua inatrue
lion afforded them, in thia circuit, ia not the
one been calculated lo benefit them here or here
"Rfolvtd, That there eh all be preaehlog by
our preacher in charge, to the servant, at each
regular appointment within tbe Middletowu
circuit, once in etch month.
"Rolted, That we believe Saturday after
noon, will be the moat appropriate time for
"Rfwlvtd, That we recommend and earnest
ly reqaeal all persons hsving servants ander
their control, to allow them time to attend one
or tbe other of these appoinlmenta in eveiy
month, believing ae we do, that sach a course,
while it will prove a great gain to the one, will
be no loaa to tb olhitr.
Rttnlvrd, That we moat earneatly aad af
fectionately recommend thla aubject to the con
sideration of tie varioua christian churches
throughout the alave atatea, and especially to
thoaa in auch portlona of tbe country, not
having efficient white missionaries laboring
among ine oiacsa.
Knotted, That a copy of tbe foregoing pro
ceedings be forwarded to the editors of tbe
INaehvilU Christian Advocate, and Methodiat
Expositor for publication, with the request thai
all religioua aod other newapapera, deeming the
subject of aufficlent Importance, will publt.h the
A copy from the minutes of Middletowa
LnwaaoD. IIoass,frcrdiRf Steward.
Thia la an Importaat subject, and ws sre glad
that our neighbors la thla county have taken
it. It la a melancholy fact that too many slave,
holders are very negligent in their attention to
the religion culture of their alavea. Some of
them and we are glad to say that we believe
tbe number of thia class la small throw ob
staclea In the way of their servants receiving
any Instruction beyond that which Is needed to
enable them to go through the routine of their
daily dutiea aa eatiafactorily ae a well trained
horse performs hia labors. They think that
the less a colored man kaowa the more likely he
ia to be a good servant. Other masters are very
sedulous ia attending to the salvation of their
owa soals, while tbey manifest but little care
erthoeght la regard to the eoula of their ser
vant. But thera are many conaclentloua men and
women among our alavaholding population who
deeply and eerloualy feel the responsibility
which their relation to their colored people im
poses on them. They aeek to perform their
dutiea to their servants, but have to encounter
many obstacles wbich aeem inseparable from
the slavery Inalitation. They eend their ser
vants to church and encourage among them
every thing which they think calculated to Im
press their minds favorably la respect to rails-.
Ion, and yet the experience of all these persons
Is that It la a 1 moot impossible for a Christisa to
hold slavee and be guUtleaa before Heavea of
neglect. With such persons alavery is by ao
meaaea welcome laatitatioa. .Ita dutiea are
too heavy for enjoyment. They grieve that
when they have daaa all that Ilea within their
power to advance tha moral aad rellgtona wal
far of their servants, thay have accomplished
Tbe train la. the mind rau eulight
bfl'ore tk heart be pUced ia that eaaaiuo.
Llch ia the high.. There toare.auo.p
t een tbe moral and r.ligloaa natnre that mt
be obierred la all thoroogh edocaUonainona.
4,ivnt, althoagb Ulltaraw, may ww
WipI kik kaa. mar poor eat bia
Vtavtj arwyaw iigae a- - w j m
-ry "- fc- .Y be
iinKa in hppiimuv. w . I
- " . . . .... . .nB.,ton.
eonaciouui.a i. .
But with the whole horlioa of hla mind earn-
el ad with ignorance, how. can ha
mftaiiaeMOr enIIOUnatB UUIA Wiia rrQr. ii.-HMv-
. . ? i .HMaM I aa ear itn
true religion! How many thouaaade or in
eoncetne of life moat he not blaader la, becaaae
Of the limited tauge of his iatelligence! There
a large numbor of the moat ferteat and pioae
i : - .a mlvad and aa
w:ii-(arvania wnose bbiuiwh, -
taraU - d with error that they are continually t-e-
eomlng the dupao of fallaclee, and are
commit acta which bo intelligent and conscien
tious master would tolerate la hia owa con
duct. It ia true that tha most worthy and re
l.gleaa Diadem are they whe do moat for their
servants, aad at the aame time feel that from
the nature of tha clrcnmstancee which every
where attend oa the alarery InatituUoa, they
tannot da their duly to their servants ae thay
are solicitous to do. They caanot give to their
servants all the light and knowledge which they
give to their owa children. There are tempta
tlonawhkh eontlaaally aolioit aad leadaatray
he colored maa ia alavery which he can aot be
I J :I r..n-
expecioa i mm
ooBacleatione masUr would have hla owa child
subjected to for all the wealth of thla world.
The eubjact ef moral aad rellgioae culture of
tbe aetioa of ear aetgbbora aad friends at Mid-
dtelowa may lead to happy results and that
other alaveholders may be Induced by their ex
ample to Beak the highest advancement of their
for tae Itamaaer.
H ho ore la ecapr iba sail at Koaiacky,
While ar aha Black RaeaV
Thla is a queatioa that ahoald engage the
mention of every citizen who feel Interested
u ihe welfare, prosperity and happiness of thla
Commonwealth, aad one which ahould be eoa
nide red wilh prudeuee and caatlun.
The effect of a slave-trade, which baa bee a
condemned by every civilized nation, and pro-
sounced piracy of the most aggravated nature,
haa been to establish ia ear coaatry aa inatltu-
tioa which haa proved withering to iu beat in
lereaia, subversive or tne true pnncipiea or a
republican government, aad detrimental to the
happiness aod well-being of ita people.
We are aware that we are here occupying
disputed ground and asserting propositions
which have been repeatedly assailed with a de
termination and zeal without precedent la the
annals of moral or political contests, but we
are equally aaliaucd, that we bave taken a posi
tion which ia morally, politically and religious
ly right, and one which haa beea successfully
maintained in by-gone days, and will continue
to be successfully vindicated whilst reason, jus
'.ice and truth exercise their respective fuuc
lions in the human mind. That the institution
of alavery haa been for years, and ia at thia mo
ment, aweeping from off the aoil of Kentucky
riundreda of ita beat and most devoted citizens,
aud compelling tbem to seek a shelter and a
refuge ia the wilds of the far distant West, is
aa certainly evident ai4that causes produce ef-
It require bo far-etgntea observer or pro
roundly versed stateemaa to discover that Ken
lucky hi Implanted within her bosom tbe ele
ment of her owa destruction; and It only re
quires that thaa elemeale ahould bo nourished
with the asaidaity peculiar to the Inatitutioa of
slavery, to prove her downfall.
The probable estimate of the a umber ef alavea
within the borders ef Kentucky at thia period
it apwarda ef 300,000 aad aa annual increase
cf between 3 and 4000 takea plaee.
Tbe labor of this vaat multitude of alavea by
being brought into competition with that of free
wblteahaa already exerted a powerful influeaee
upon the laboring population of Kentucky, and
will continue to reduce, not only tbe price o
free labor, but the demand.
No legal or moral restrictions are throw a
around the alave no marriage regulatioaa Iu
silluted, and no fears are upon hi mind of any
reeponsibility resting upon him to aupport either
himself, tbe companion of hla bosom or their
offspring, and hence the elave population in
creaaea with much greater rapidity than tbe
The negro being chiefly adapted to agricul
tural pursuits, the slave master must of ueceaai
ty become pooeeeeed of a sufficiency of Isnd to
be cultivated by hia alavea to repay him for the
cost and trouble of raising and othsr necessary
aud contingent expense.
Land must be had, and the alave holder ia
generally poaaessed of the requisite meane of
Hia non-alaveholding neighbor, who haa per
haps inherited a small portion of Ihe soli once
caltivated by the handa of hia forefathers, or
who haa by bia hard earnlnga and the labor of
hia handa become poesesaed of a few acrea, ia
the victim who must be sacrificed lo make way
for the Ethiopian.
Tho first method generally pursued by tho
alaveholderto become possessed of bis neighbor's
land, ia to represent him aa being in depressed
or embarrassed circumstaacea to purchase if
possible bis paper, thereby impairing the con
fidence of hia creditors in his ability and deter
mlnallon lo pay, thus causing a general pressure
to corns apon him suddenly, and forcing him to
sell at a sacrifice himself, or 10 witness Ihe same
scene executed by aa officer of the law. II
slaveholdlng neighbor then steps forward, and
wilh great magnanimity and wonderful gener
oaity, conaolea hia poverty atrickaa friend by
purchasing hia land at a reduced prire, and
telling him that he la extremely aorry to witn
hia failure, and wonld have assisted him if It
had been la hia power but all hie money waa
loaned out at ten er re a per ceaf. and he
eould aot thlua of loaning for any leas.
These are ecenee which are of dally occur
rence, and yet we are told, that the very lustitu
uoi wnicn occasions mem ia a moral aad po
That inatitutioa Which drives from hia home
the proud aoa of Kentucky, aud the wife, who
"Rtrxnt h'r Infant to ker Joytei bretsr .
Ann wun a ramners tears shrinks at Iherockl-a b e:"
to behold no more the lovely land which gave
them birth, and which waa purchased by the
blood of their aaeeotora, la the eae which la, at
thla late day, pronounced aa auxiliary to a pure
state of morality, Intelligence and freedom.
There Is scarcely a county iu Kentucky, but
presents evidence which proves conclusively.
that la proportion as the slave population in
ere a see, the laboring white population ia forced
from off the soil.
In one cf the large conn ties in the Interior of
the State, there is a wealthy alaveholder, who
at thia time owna the aoil upon which twenty.
five free white familiee resided, each having
farm a aufncleatly large to enable them to live
comfortably tbey, together with hand rede of
othera, have ahared the fate which inevitably
awalta tha greater portioa of the aoo-alavehold-Ingeltizena
of Kentucky, that of being drlvea
withsat tbe bordere of their oace loved land by
aa iziatitulioa based apoa principles extracted
from the very ease nee of tyranny.
At this limes la aumerous eoa n ties la the
State, where alave labor la employed there ia
fm dtmand whatever for white a)wr.
Aak tbe wealthy eia? ehoUer, what aae he I
far white labor, aad aa laaianlly replies, thai be
poaaeaaea eaoagh alawaa la maaaga aia affaire,
tociltiyate bia load aad ia rt aa maoy aa he
can well govern.'
Thia la the eaaa not ealy ia the f analog, bat
ii the mechanical department. The moat aoea-
..,hi t,-H,i tki. ..itio.. i.
.nu Ik. ro.JitU. -t ...... J..-.
holding county er tewa la the State, aad from
the facta which are there fouad to eiiat, wo eaa
form aa opinion er arrive at a jaat eaaclaaioa.
For thla parpoaa we wilt take the towa of
Laaeaater, being eilnated Bear the centre of tha
l3uU ,,,4 tD Ma 0f jmUo. ef a large elave-
la the yeara 163S-7 and 8, tire ha? a bean in
formed by credible authority, tha aambet ef
free white mechanlca la that plana waa aboat
two-third larger thaa It ia at present. At thia
lime there ia acarceJy a joaraeymaa engaged
ia any of the various mechanical pursuits la that
plica, wilh the exoeptloa ot tha ahoemakiag
tmAm. aad thu la la a treat exteat filled wilh
Slaves are lairodaeed lata tha tailor ehepa,
the blackeraltbehopa, carpeatfrahopa, aad
are made to occupy tha ataUoaa which were
once filled by whilea. Ia fact, auch ta the eat
arai repugnance la being associated with the
alave, that It to with the greaUatdiffically In a-
gimMtt ihat either joaraeymea caabe iadaced
lo work in shops where this state of case exUta,
or boys nf the cob a try be peraaaded la engage
ia a uecnaaioel baaineea.
Theefieet ef the alave laatitatioa haa besa
to Uach the yoath ef the counuy inai laoor
ia aUa4iaaiiahi. aad by thla means, ta rala the
- . . . i a . v.
prospect aad blight lie "laureate ef the Wat
I pcrlioa nf the community
I a the county ef Garrard, aa well aa la varioua
other conn tie la Kaatueky, it ia ao aacemm-a
eight to see perched ap ia eome aatiqae aud
dilapidatid oat hoase, a negro mechanic engag
ed ia the baaiaeaa of ahoemaking, carpeatemg
or perbapa blackamithiog, la fact the latter
bueiaaaa haa passed almost exclusively Into 11. e
handa of alavea.
Aad aotwilhataadiag our country is teeming
with evidence of thia aatare, going to prove
beyond the possibility of a doabt, that oar
State la rapidly loalng elrength ia every polat (
view, the pro-alavery party eome forward ai.d
ergee for the purpose of sntistiog the noa-alav-
holder la their laglorioaa cause, that it la to b.a
Interest that alavery ahoald be perpetaated
that if the alave populatioa waa removed, a
betercgeneoue maa of foreigners would be
uahered la apoa a a, and they, working cheaper
thaa Ihe native Kentackiaa, woald ineviiaiy
desiroy hla prospects of ebtaiaing a maiatrn-
ance for himself aad family.
Let ai cry non-alavebolder consider that we
bave at this very mo rue a I ia ear midst, that
wnich la far worse thaa bay forelga population
coald brt. The enemy of the laboring nun
la av apoa the aoil of Keutacky.and la grap
pling with him every hoar. If alavery wa re
moved, the laborer woald aland some chance of
betiarinf hi condition; aa it ia, the condition
ar fixed sad certaia the foundation, apoa
which ho otaade, ia being eontlaaally weakm
ed, and aolee i I i abandoned ho will Inevitably
There are ao evidences, however, which teud
to prove that, if the laatitauou of slavery waa
removed, oar Stat would become floo:xi
with foreigner ia fact, it ia much more r-i
aoaable to auppoae that ear land weald be filled
up by the ooaa and daughter ef oar own
countrymen. Thla waa th grand them epa
which oar pro-alavery friends harped during
the recent canvas la Kentucky. Fureigaert,
pamfrt, Dutclumtm, 4-t war apoa tho tongue
of haadrede who eoald aot without the aid ef a
dictionary, give the trae definition of the word
Among the thoeeande who arrive ia th'.a
coantry from Earope, we are of coarse liable
to receive some who may prwv aaworthy oili
lena. but there ar hundred of other who
make valuable citlxene and ornamenta to socie
ty; that we woald receive auch a popalatioa aa
our pro-alavery frienda woald make aa believe,
ia nothing more nor leae thaa reckleeaaaaer-
England, awar of the obetaclea that the in
titution of alavery oppoasd t her advance
ment ia wealth, refinement, civilization and
etability marched boldly ap and terminated its
Her greatest stateemea, though poeaeeeed of
as much sagacity and perspicuity aa many ol
more modera time, wer totally aad utterly
enable to discover th beaalle of a eystem ol
I every. It haa beea left to more modera times
lo be eulogized, exalted aad adored.
Slavery has, according ta modern logic, the
power and the tendency to ennoble tbe moral
qualitiee, to exalt the mind aad to engender pa-
W preeame the defender of alavery do aot
iatead to convey th idea that alavery enlarge
Ihe moral qualities or exalt the mind of the be
ing enalaved. Then of coarse it mast be the
slave owner or the whit race.
The emsncipatioa party deny each of thee
propositions, and in their alead we aaaert, that
alavery tenda to degrade the moral qualities, to
Contract the mind, that it laterpoae barriers to
education, and ia calculated to diffus through
out the country a apcieaof tyrauny, oppreaaion
and cruelty, ineUad of liberty and patriotism.
The pro-slavery party then lura lo oat battle
field aad aay look at th field of Bueaa Vieta;
was m t the South thera sustained wl& honor,
and imperishable glory reflected apoa her arm?
W say that glory waa reflected but we also
say that it waa not apon the arm of the alave.
Let ua examine thia matter. lathe company
from Garrard county, composed ef seventy-
eight men, there were two slave-holders. Ta
king this as an estimate or average aad it ia
certainly a fair one we have ia each regiment,
composed of tea companies, twenty alave-holders
making la all from the noble State of Ken
tucky forty alave-holders.
We say this band of forty sustained them
selves well bat, slave-holder and advocate ef
pro-elavryism, yoa baae your patriotism oti
slim grcands! , Ia th hour of danger, th ap-
r jht honeet, laboring man ka tha one that la re
1 apon, aad the oa that fights th bailie of
country, whil hia peeudo-patriotic alave -
holdiag neighbor generally eoaooacea himself In
the heart ef hia owa dear home, and there, la
hie own imagination, fighta tha battlea of his
The a re facts which may b denied, bat
cannot bo successfully controverted.
But, aay our pro-alavery frienda, a majority of
the people hav decided thia controversy, aad
determined that the slave Inatitutioa ahall be
retained. Yoa ehoald therefore silence year
press aud submit.
Whoa Brutus af aid was aboat ejigagiag in a
battle whioh waa to deckle th tat of th em
pire of tha world, eoaseioua of hia iva recti.
tade, be remarked t one of hla frienda, If I
am victorious, I ahall res tor liberty to my coaa
try: if not, by dying, I ahall myself be delivered
from alavery, Cy eoaditiea ia tUad; I na Be
And thus say w. If we are vie tori xie, w
shall restore liberty ta our fellow-maa: If aot,
by presing our vlwa and sen U meats boldly
nd fearlessly, w shall eawelvea b delivered
from a opccleo ef alavarj. Oar eonditioa ia
tUad; Wa run ao haiarda.
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t las itu eaoaer
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Member efiae last Hoase. t :
Wbi. Locofoctja. Piee aoa aal JowACU
i ta 1
Oa vataat j ia Maaaacbasatts.
Wa hive claaaiSed th aSiv Li refe.tn
to l:ie vuie tor Speaker, aod bave pa. dua ihi. -leeo
members aa dtaabilai. Theea ibuieea ai l
be found in aaiALL Cars, aaj laclude lo of ta
seven meet" iioca Soaih Caro ut, ancui ae
hav aupoaed al l.5ttv to vo; f( Si.a Uey
chouoe, lim ihe circumeuiic t f Ua.r e -cuuev
la ice aaunedoubuoj U9i a.e round ."iara.
J y Vi'lmMorVi 1
j jI:; and Mesi'a.
Booih ol Conn., Julias of Ioa., fratoo ILti f X
aavd Darke l Was., en r .e-
alan of Maea.. ?jrai je of
M...K T..y-a ftf V II faniiK.ll anj llittaa nf
Oh o, aiowe of Pa., aodAilaa e( lu, s ec
JJeasr. Uikiiags Bad Soot, of a boa uir ,4 aa
aoieiry to deieiain. &mb ollhee i leea
mcmbeis, of course, UI aoteoaaort loei;
nor Is there sny eertaiary uHai evea oa bs:( cf
ihem wi.l act ia baraaocy. t'oalcaiaa Uir ova
political avmpaiaiea, hoaevet, we aSou.J hav
luclaaaiif them aioat eiaa.'v; al aom c: iba
aomer will aot legar lb eae ysiaae, a4
will awl probacy, ol fo aay roaa wbo Bf ba
oom:natt4 y lb Whifv ti by .a arty ia eppia.
lion to the admiaistraiioe. fbe? "I'l "
aia fail," enl givaaia aad comicnaa wao i .y
Trom tie Uhle of member, we io aot ae way
Mi. Wiaihro cheace ( aae area ai sol pai
10 ihoee of lo oihet pairy, aad peihap iney aul
turn out a great dai bUr. Th Wa ga aa- u
advantage otpreaaaling aa aaeieaooaAiie caa
pidaie, and oe who haa been Ua4 aad aot taaa
weab 00 .
PeoviTa e PXaaa KoaM ia ia Taaa. Tim
WaleiviUe aod Uuca road, aiieteea aulai;sg
aad eoaUot M.OUU, ha aat do arod iivaleaat
oft mi peieeau, payable to stockhoUera aa de-
mand, and ta pet ceat. Imi 6y l repaira. Tta
lluca and tKicgewaiei loau. leecij bmihsi,
aad coating gW.OOO. paya tweaty-l pet eeot aaaj-
alaxly. - Th Booavlii toad fay twaty-w pea
cent. The Watertowa toad pay twaty-ia f
The Foraa ai Jshaaoa road, ftoar aviias aaog