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From the KaUeaal Era..
" l. la boat hkntt delta
Oh. where i
4 ef Featyt "Whaia?,
M wVta fo I
At th- .recp .
' "4 th UU frM ioc-
y fiad iu horn la
tin mi Uil L
yioo and di, 'r
It dwJleth lher-ta '
Wbtl thrTy !
Y may kaar lL
la the oanef - L
Or wbo, with a "(vxa V
--TKa vla4saC.,s.-tMiraral. ,
' - a
Ya nay fcaur u oft la U.e atreau..
TUI Its mrrHt lay i. Mtavar buah '
. Thaplr'af Poeay U roryvaert !
Cca driva ia thdriaue cava, .
WbarfiiBi ui vear oi aa amoeratM,
Whila Ita aarp of lh"d malchlM.lxiD
IW wept byT" 0ad- " '
A baaUirtt rtvk with a aoKrtDh,
Swaet l&ff a thaM Better Land." '
S . , OaW.
j : -
V, v4 -
Afowf Howard's chaxactftristics rr.ay
t . i .- i u- I
Vtat ofa haughty temperament,; plain
and huqj in bis manners,' often i appa
reUyvhirsh, -but under this exterior was
4Lfart as tender as a child's like the
eider -do n oo the eagles breast. 1 With
"f)3Cond and darling wife he stipulated,
previous to marriage, that in all matters in
which there should be a difference of opin
rton between them, hit voice should be lite
rule. Peuy tyrants quailed before an eye
as aiern as it was mild. He spoke out as
as boldly to the king under the gilded roof
of the palace a to the goaler in the loath
some cell. The imperious Catherine of
RuMia invited him, when in St. Peters
burg, to Court: He told the courtiers who
waited on him that 'be had devoted him-
aelf to the task of visiting the dungeon of
the captive and the abode of the wretched,
not the ' palaces and courts of kings and
empresses, and that that the limited time at
his disposal would not permit his calling
. on ber imperial majesty.' lie peremtorily
f. I . . T .
retOBCu tu mrci mv auMiui Ltiuixsiit un
less the servile custom of approaching the
sovereign on bended knees was, in his case,
..idiftpaiiaasl '-una. The unfortunate Pope
rius v l. earnestly requested an interview,
which the stern Puritan and Republican
would only con-ent to, on the condition
mat we aosura mark oi nouuze, kissing
the foot, and, indeed every other species of
V. VCICUiUIlI, W1UU1U UC UiSUCIUOl WIU1. Jl
........ i. . . i t t- . ., . I : . L
upon the iiead of the heretic, saying, good
humored ly, 1 kno you Englishmen care
nothing for these thiugs, Out Uie blessing of
an old man can do you no harm. Hiscoun
' a S m
te nance inspired respect ana awe. in one
of the military prisons ia London, an alarm
ing riot look place; the infuriated prisoners,
two hundred in number, broke loo&s, killed
two of their keepers, and committed other
excesses. Having obtained possession of
the building, no one dared to approach
them. Unarmed and alone, Howard en
tered the prison, charmed the savage pas
sions of the furious mutineers into submis
sion, and they suffered themselves to be
Suielly conducted back to their cells.
feanlinesi and temperance, he was wont
to say, were his preservatives against con
tagtoua diseases. He ate no flesh, drank
no wine or spirits, bathed in cold water
daily ate little, and that at fixed intervals;
retired to bed early, and waa an early riser.
' Trusting in Divine Providence,' he says,
and believing myself in the way of my
duty, I visit the most noxious cells, and
while thus employed ' I fear no evil.' '
Mr. Dixon is a practised writer, and
despite few blemishes, there are few who
could have accomplished his task with
greater satisfaction to those who are interes
ted in prison reform. He has made prison
discipline his study, and though an advo
cate of some of what are called 'benevolent
crotches' of the day, the resulu of his re
searches are valuable to all. The chief
defect of the work is an appearance in cer
tain portions of affectation an J egotism,
a straining to make mountains out of mole
hills. All, however, who revere the mem
ory of Howard, should either read or be
come possessed of the volume, for valuable
as is Dr. Aikin's sketch, it is incomplete,
and affords but scanty information on many
important points. The remainder of our
space we devote to extracts:
fef AKSHALSEA. FftlSOX AT TIE BIKTH OF
BO WAS D.
' In the Marshalsea, debtors and pirates
were confined ; the former generally of lite
poorer classes many of them common
sailors. The noal was under the charge of
the Deputy-marshal of the Maishalsea of
the Hingis household an officer, who, in
.defiance of the express prohibition of the
deed constituting him governor, farmed out
the fees, victualing and lodgings of his
prisoners to various parties, from whom he
received ample, considerations. Thus the
corruption began at the very source. The
inferior officers were only too ready to fol
low the example set before them. When
a person was seat in ana his commit
ment might be for a debt of a single shil
line, increased to forty by legal expenses
' be had first of all to pay garnih, in the
shape of a bowl of punch lot his compan
ions. It, as was often the case, the new
comer had no money wherewith to boy his
freedom of the goal, he was stripped, in a
riotous and disgraceful manner, of the great
er part of hia scanty clothes, which were
sold or pledged to pay for the bumper.
IS est, fae had to make bis selection of a
side of the goal namely, the master's side,
where he would have to pay the most exor.
bitant prices for his bedding, food and drink,
or the common aide, where he would have
to fare as be could, on the occasional and
utterly inadequate supplies of such charity
as the cupidity of the officials might suffer
to be applied to their ligitimate purposes.
Out of the persons confined on the master's
aide the profits of the establishment were
chiefly made ; but it is not to be supposed
, that they were well treated on that account.
On the contrary, the fact of their being
able to ' pay. fcr'ecominodation pointed
j bem out to the wardens as the beat sub-f-r
-rrcitT their peculiar arts.
used to extort money fronv tteco, ot their
friends. - ... ,
'As for the miserable wretches who were
unable-to buy, the mercy of their keepers,
no words can paint the terrible condition to
which they were reduced more forcibly than
the simple and mutter-ofcounse language
of the parliamentary report: 'The corn
mo a side it explains, is enclosed with a
3 brick - wall; in it are now confined
33(1 prUor', moat of them in
t of lh?
fend: ,. 'tTb-
port him, was
the prison, upon
over the prison by a ropa i
another prisoner. Itw the l'
taken by the keoperi,, If L.4 IMK
into the lode, barbarou Satun and putj
into irons, in which he - kept severil?
weeks. One afternoon, as hewaastani .
ing quietly in the yard with hia irons '
some of the said Acton's men (Acton w.mj
a b utcher and lttaaea of the prison) calhjdJ
him into the lodge, where Acton was thtnt;?d P!-'
drinkicg and merry with company. In
about half an hour Illias came out again,
crying, and gave an account, that when
he was in the lodge, they, for their diver
sion, (as they called it.) fixed on his head
an iron engine or instrument, (which ap
pears to be an iron skull-cap, which whs
screwed so close, that it forced the blocd
out of his ears . and nose. And he furthur
declared that his thumbs were at the sane
time put in a pair of thumb-screws, which
were screwed so tight that the blood aurl-
ed out of them; tind from thal.liaie ba con
tinned disordered until the day of his dea:h
He was let out of prison without paying
bis debt, and at bis going out, Acton do-
sired that all that wu past might be forgor,
and that he would not bear him any ill-will.
This miserable wretch was put into St.
Thomas's Hospital for help but he died
very soon! What succeeds is still rnor
horrible: 'The various tortures and cruel,
ties before mentioned not contenting these
wicked keepers in their pretended niagis
tracy over the prisonera, they found a way
of making within thi prison a confine
ment more dreadful than the atrong-roorr,
itself by coupling the living with the dead;
and have made a practice of locking up
debtors who displeased them in the yard
with human carcasses. One particular in
stance of this sort of i ohumanity was of
person whom the keepers confined in that
part of the lower yaid which was then
separated from the rent, whilst there were
there two dead bodies which bad lain there
for days; yet wss he kept there with them
six days longer, in which time the vermin
devoured the flesh from their faces, eat the
eyes out of the heads of the carcasses,
which were bloated, putrified, and turned
green during the poor debtor's dismal con-
hnement with them!
am "criscor At" raisoN. '
"Four days after this visit to the Mar-
nhalsea in London, wa find the modem
Heracles inspecting the High Gaol at Dur
ham. The labors of that renowned hero
were mere pastimes to those of Howard.
The earnest spirit of enterprise which
urged him on contrasting the magnitude
of the work with the brief space of time in
which it must be done, if done by him
caused a rapidity in his movements which
tends not a little to baffle the follower of
his footsteps. His account of the condi-
tion of this gaol is terrible beyond the pow
er of language to deepen: "The debtors
have no court; their few wards in the Low
Gaol are two damp, unhealthy rooms, 10
feet 4 inches square. They are never suf.
fered to go out of these, unless to chapel,
and not always to that for on a Sunday
when 1 was there I missed them at chapel;
they told me they were not permitted to go
thitlier. No sewers. At more than one of
my visits I learned that the dirt, ashes, dec,
had lain there many months.
The felons hsve no court; but they have a
day-room and two small rooms for an infir
mary, ihe men are put at tiimt into
dungeons; one 7 feet square for three pri
soners; another the great hole, 16 1-2 feet
by 12, has only a little window. In this I
saw six prisoners, most of them transports,
chained to the floor. In that situation they
had been many weeks, and were very sick
ly. Their straw on the stone floor almost
worn to dust! Long confinement, and not
having the lung s allowance of 2s. 6d.
week, had urged them to attempt an escape,
after which the gaoler had chained them as
above. Common-side debtors, in the
Low Gaol, whom I saw etiting boiled bread
and water, told me that in s was the only
nourishment some had lived upon for nearly
12 months. At several of my visits,
there were boys between thirteen and fifteen
years of age, confined with the most profli
gate and abandoned. let this was an
Episcopal prison, the property of the Bishop
of Durham, and boasted a regular chap
Every man can be really great, if he
will only trust his own insuncts, think his
own thoughts, and say his own say. The
stupidest fellow, if be wculd but revesl
with child-like honesty how ha feels ruidbft
thinks, when the stars wink, at him, when
he aees the ocean fcr the first time, when
music comes over the .waters, or wlion ha
sod his beloved look into each other's eyes:
would he but reveal this, toe world would
hail him as a genius in hit way, and would
prefer his story to all the epics that were
ever written, from Homer to Scott.' ;
Your selfiak man has no touh be makes
himself and bis ptoperty his idols, and for
gets that something is due to' his follow
man. He crawls through life a poor, mis
erable, despised object; a nonentity among
M. De TALLETKANUwaa born in Paria
in 1754. ; At that perijd,it was the eener
al custom in noble .fbinilies jto send out
their jofaota to be iturst in the provinces.
The gay mother, after a trief retirement,
resumed her place in the brilliant court cir
cle, seldom rinding leimire to cast away a
thouzhtHorvthe poor little beinx to whom
she had given birth, atd who, cor'
ih j care of a hir
many miles dL
r:,y bis rosy cheeks and
v was well fed, well
;Dnld a baby want?"
Jdl" thought hia lady
whenever she had time to
matter at all ; but this wu
'ttt dutiaa and court pleas,
cveiy (acuity, and occu-
. on. Another son was born
Talleyrand ; and, like his
-"ie into the world strong
wi mould of a vigor-
w .lie villsge where
, up ignorant and neg
the fear of God or man be-
Till the arrival of the little
Jr he had never seen the face
-...-.ve. U: "'her. occupied with
" t!i father .bition, thought
v . N. It ii turfular that while the
sought, and the former en
.fe in comparsuve poverty, it
l.for:-,ir neglected child to
jinK;h his fame, and to
nnt inrttniA. .
!xcrioe had entered . .
"aptain of a snift-of-.
Nlta, returned horn
Joti. iler greeting the
hifamily, he enquired
- tvri, and felt both shocked
(jr his lit
towards them. k It wss the depth of winter;
the ground was covered with snow, the
roads were difficult and dangerous ; but the
wait -ntiaried sailor braved all obstacles,
and t out on horse-back to visit his little
relatt.es. It was late in the afternoon
when ue approached the village, and he
bethought him of inquiring the way to the
house of Nurse Riguut. Looking round,
lie saw on the hill a pale, thin child, with
long fair hair flowing on his shoulders; he
was busy setting a bird-trap cn the snow
J The capuin called him; and as the little
fellow approacneo, me Kino sauor saw
ith pain that he wts lame, and leant for
support on a small ciulcb.
' Hollo! my boy, can you tell me where
Dame Kigaut lives?
Certainlv." s-id the child, smiling. "I
will show you the wny on one condition.'
'Come, then, make haste, my lad ; I'l
pa you handsomely for your guidance."
a - , , . , , .
INonsense, replied me cnuu, reoaen
ing ; "my condition is, that you will le'
m ride oa j oiir kor nurwe'e dooi, I
don t want your money.
"Mount, then, my boy, said the cap
tain, reaching dowu his hand, and watching
with surprise the sgility with which the
child, cripple as be was, managed to climb
on the tall saddle.
Holding bis liUle guide carefully before
him, the captain reached the house of Dams
Ptigaut. He told the child to bold his horse
for a moment, and entered the door: nurse
came to meet him. What passed betwt en
them? Probably nothing very amicable
for the young listener outside could distin
guish a sound of weeping feminine lamen-
tauons overborne Dy loua masculine reprimands-
Suddenly i the sailor rushed out,
seized the shivering boy. raised him, and
held him closely embraced with one arm,
while with the other he made good use o
his whip in keeping off Nurse Rigaut, who
wanted to gain posession of her "darling
Chariot. It wu the work oi a moment
to mount his horse, and with the child be
fore him, to retrace his steps, without per
mitting the perndious nurse even to say
adiew to her charge. As they rode on.
little Charles-Maurice learned that his cap
tor was his uncle; an honest sailor, who, in
a transport of indignation against the wo
man to whose negligence hia nephew owed
a life-long lameness, would not have him
a moment longer beneath her roof. In his
anxiety about the heir of his house, he to
tally forgot his brother's younger son, who
sccordiogly remained withAhe nurse.
From the first town where he stopped, he
wrote to his brother to annourrce what be
had done; and on arriving at Paris, he
learned that the Count de Talleyrand wu
with the army in Flanders, and that the
countess wu in attendance on the quetm
at Versailles. However, she bad provided
a person to take charge of her son, and
place him in the college of Louis-le-Grand.
The captain had intended to take him on
board hia vessel the St. Josephand
bring him up to the naval profession ; but
his lamenecs rendering uiat impracticable,
the kind sailor took leave of his poor de
iierted little nephew, and set out for Tou
lon. A few months afterwards his vessel
wu shipwrecked, and he and all his crew
perishea. Had Charles-Maurice been
fine, stout boy, his history would have en.
ded here ; but Providence reserved the poor
lame child for an illustrious destiny.
At college, the boy distinguished himself
by his tslents and application, carrying off
the first prizes, and rising rapidly towards
the upper classes. Yet hia lite wu but a
sad one ; few indigencies, and no vaca
tions passed at home, fell to his lot. His
mother rarely visited him, and when she
did, she came accompanied by a celebrated
surgeon, who examined his lame Jeg, twu
daged it tightly, dragged it, cauterized the
nerve, and put the child to such torture,
that he draaded nothing so much aa a sum
mons to the parlor to' rmet his mother.
Years passed. on: his father died, and
Charles-Maurice found himself Count de
Talleyrand, and head of that branch of his
family. His broker Archambauld had left
the abode of Nurse Rigaut with better for-
tune than himself; for he had escaped ac
cidentn, and his limbs were straight and
well formed. On the day that Charles
Maurice had successfully completed hut
studies at the college of Louis-le-Grand, a
pale, stern-looking man, wearing a cas
sock, samnMned hira from among his com
rades, and oommanded him to follow him
to the clerical seminary of St. Sulpice.
The seateiice waa without appeal. He
learned from the euperior that bis family
had decided to deprive him of his birth.
right, and transfer it to bis younger brother.
cruel reply. . ' .1
The wards entered .-iikeitoo. into the
victim's soul; theyxfcraged bin veiy Bature.
and made the youth what the Prince de
Talleyrand afterwards appeared. In proud
ha danned the offered cas
sock;' and none may know what passed
within, fot never, even to h'ut moat intimate
r-iende, did be allude to tM suDjeci.
'via mttture age,
weapon of de.
Youne and old
. - r O .
dreaded his caustic, biting sentences, while
the influence and power which hir master
mind asserted and maintained were quite
marvellous. At the seminary he became
u distinguished as at the college. There
still survive a few old clergymen who can
recall th eloquent oiauons or the young
student at the weekly exhibitions at St.
Sulpice. bine of these compositions have
been preserved ; they are chiefly remarka
ble for the artful manner in which the pas
sions of the auditory- are enlisted against
the adverse side, and their sense of the lu
dicrous excited at its expense.
At ins age oi seventeen, m. ae isuey-
raua-uUtrtBa seminary, in oraer to com
plete his theological studies at the Sor
bonne. The few days which intervened
were passed by him at the family residence
Up to that period he had txr tperd a
night under the parental roof. Well
might Rousseau fulminate his burning re
proofs against the high-born mothers of that
time, whom he designates "merciless step
mothers." M. de Talleyrand was so for
tuuate as to have for his preceptor an ex
cellent man. not many years older than
himself. A strong . and luting affection
subsisted between them. His '"dear father
- i - -e;Te(j from bim a liberal pen
Jrdf his days; and up to the
"e period of the good old
LuA antiquated figure, attired
in the tv 5e of the preceding century,
might have been constantly seen in the
prince's splendid reception-rooms, his huge
snuu-box and colored pocket handkercriie
figuring next rich uniforms and brilliant
orders. When be spoke, his former pup
listened with respectful deference. Indeed
it is not too much to assert, that whatever
good wu mingled with the character of the
astute diplomatist, might fairly be traced to
the early instruction of the Abbe Langlois.
The young Abbe de Talleyrand's first
appearance in the g&y society of Paris wss
at the hotel of Madame de Brignole, who
wu in the habit of receiving the very elite
of .the fashionable world, together with the
lions of the day. The young man seated
himself in a remote corner, so u to ob
serve the passing scene without taking pari
in it. boon a modest, retiring-looking man
came and placed himself near him. This
wu Pbilidor, the celebrated chess-player
who, being a frequent visitor at the house
wss able and willing to point out the dif
ferent distinguished guests to his uninitiated
neighbor. D'Alembert, Diderst, and other
great men were there, and Pbilidor was
complacently commenting ou them, for the
young abbe's edification, when their quiet
corner wu suddenly invaded by two young
hussar officers, a captain and lieutenant in
a regiment especially favored by the un
happy queen Marie-Antoinette, and also
nouid for the tree and impertinent mancers
of the young men who comported iu The
two officers were laughing heartily at some
exquisite test between themselves,
Come into this corner," said one, and
I'll finish the story; the end of :t must be
reseived for your private ear."
'The corner is taken," replied the other
"I see Pbilidor there talking to some young
raven just fledged, and flown from the
"They II give op their places. 1 know
Philidor s temper, he'll submit, and the
abbe will follow his example. So say
ing, they approached the two occupiers of
the corner, and with the coolest imperii
nence began to annoy them by their words
and gestures. Philidor, whose pacific and
timid character was well known, imme
a a a . w
ttiateiy prepared to retreat, tie cast an
Imploring glance at the abbe, complained
of the heat of the room, and finally rose
and glided away. 1 he Uhevaher de B ou-
niers one oi me officers took instant
possession of the vacant chair, and turning
towarda the young abbe, stared at bim with
an insolent expression. 1 The lieutenant
took up his position at the other side, snd
looked at Talleyrand in a manner not less
offensive. Not the slightest notice, how
ever, did the young man take of either, un
til the officer, tired of his sangfroid, in
quired "if be did not find the heat opprea
sive?" and added the advice to imitate his
friend, and seek cooler air in the ante
chamber. Talleyrand, with 'the utmost
politentiss, 'thanked the officer for hia con
siderate kindness; but begged to assure him
that his own lungs were so very delicate,
that he would fear to encounter the cold
The angry blood mounted in the officer's
cheek: he wan a youth just come from Nor
mandy, and spoke with his native accent
in all its purity.
"You look young, my dear abbe," he
Slid; 'peihaps you have not been at school,
and are not aware that you have yet many
things to learn; amongst the rest'
A thousand pardons! interrupted the
abbe, Handing up, looking lull at his ad
versary, and imitating to perfection fhe
Norman " accent. "I assure you 1 hare
been at school; I learned all my letters,
and I know that A B (abbe) is not C D
(ceder, yield; and, moreover, that your
P (epee, sword) will not make me () T
(oUr, go away.") By this time a number
of the guests-had collected, and received
1 alley i and s sally with a peal of hearty
laughter. The Chevalier de Boufilers him
self applauded; but the discomfited Nor
man, having no reply ready, took himself
off as fast as possible. Madame du Def-
fand happened to be in the room. She
heard the repartee, and expressed a wish to
have its author introduced to her. This
wu done by De Boufilera himself. This
illustrious lady, who was blind, invited the
young' abbe to be seated next to her. She
passed her venerable hand over his face, in
order to examine the features, which she
could not aee, and . then said,. "Go, young
man;, nature hu endowed you with her
richest gifts. She has placed It in your
power fully to redeem the wrongs of for
tune." , . " ?v -
The Abbe da Tal ley rind soon became
known in the' highest ilterary and political
circles; his subsequent career belongs to
the eventful history of ihe period. It is
rather singular that he atUched his name o
the first popular journal that ever appeared
in France, "La Feuille Villageoite, con.
Because 'is net a cripple,'
r . Rinrolil.
ioflufince on the msi eve .u .
Uon of 1789. m JlaP7"r -I,
d froo, the fiery pen cfM?ta.J
bfarin U mpress oi wuiu '
" ih hbtorian of today
nA n still witn inieresi, r
beau professed a high esteem for the talents
of the young Talleyrand. Mirabeaafre
nn.ntlv declared that he considered bim the
-r.Kli of succeeding him in the
direction of the moderate party of the time,
Talleyrand died at Paris, in tne eigmy
a urth year of his age, on the 17th of May,
SSS. By, bis will he has strictly proruDi-
t.l hia heirs from publishing -nia meraoua
which he wrote himself, and wnicn are, n
:. ..M ,trrtited in England until thirty
years shall have expired from the day ol
butdeatn. many ouuc uijowij
a grand secret in diplomacy will no doubt
ha revealed to the curious public of 1868.
Till then, we must content ourselves with a
. . I
few rambling records oi that grand mover
of the wires of the political puppet show
Charles-Msunce Prince de lalleyrana.
Free. Ike ew Yetk Tnbuae.
Tfee) rtaMUag aMt I Blatsc "-
Thou art to saa, tkoa glorious aettiof aan:
A mouraBl tmasa af the golUeu aga;
F.. iha xlowaarard eoaree Ooat awiflly fua
And leava the dreary earth a darkeaeS page-
And aa thehllle along in a snauowy Wast
Awhile are glided ia thy lingering ray,
Sn itlH the lavlnv airea of the bleat
Huge earth with brlgbtnaaa aa wey pasaeu
... . 1
Aiul thra aroae awhile the ail very moon.
To cheer the heart and light the etepe at me a;
But evea aim pie r ailh expired too aeea.
And UR the alaking world in gloom agmia.
Ttiea eloods and darkneaa apraad theaiaelvea
o er all,
And evererew the aniveraal cloom.
Tii Man aeened eoTereJ with a frlghtfal pail.
And verging last to an eternal tomb.
But aa the darkeet hoar precede the dawa.
Bo with the moral darkneea or oar raae;
That fallen man mlfht haU a krickter morn.
The San of Heaven nwbuo koU aid bis I ace.
Now, who ahall tell the brlghtneea and the
Of tha glad day that now la gently brenkiog!
Oh, who shall Ult tha glory and tha atreogth
To which tha human mind at last la waking!
November 17. a.
BY OSCLB TOST.
We were once coming over the railroad
from Washington City to Baltimore, when
we observed a peculiar sort of man sitting
hard by a tall, tlun, good catured fellow,
but one who somehow seemed to bear the
impress of a person who lived by his wits.
written upon hia (ace. A friend who wu
with me answered my inquiry as to who he
wan, and at the same time asked me to
keep between the object of my notice and
h:rxseli, lest be should come over to our
seal, u my companion said he knew him,
but did not wish to recognise bim there.
That is Beau II." said he, "a man that
ia universally known in Wsshington as one
of Ihe most accomplished fellows in the
city, always ready to borrow of, or drink
witli you. He never has any money, how.
ever, and I am curious to know how he
will get over the road without paying, for
be will surely do it some way.
" Probably ha baa mat
ed the money to buy it with, or something
01 liat sort, said 1.
Not he. Beaotalways travels free, and
boards io the same way. He never pays
money when wit or trick will pass current
in ttieir places, said my friend
What a shocking bad hat he hu got
On," said I, observing the dilapidated con.
dition 01 his beaver.
"1 t's some trick of his, doubtless; for the
rest of his dress, you will observe, is quite
Yea. I see."
My friend went on to tell me how Beau
had done his tailor out of a receipt in full
for his lut year's bill, and the landlady at
his lust boarding-house, and various other
instances of his ingenuity and wiu
nil. . . ill .
--no oweu me ten aouara. said mv
friend, "but in attempting to collect it of
him one day, 1 11 be banged if be didn tget
ten more out of me; so I think 1 shall let
the a alter rest there, for fear of doubling
me sum once more.
At this moment the conductor entered
the opposite end of the cars to gather the
tickets from the passengers, and give them
checks in return. Many of them, as is
often the case with travellers, who are fre
quently called upon, on populous routes, to
show their tickets, had placed theirs in the
bends of their hats, so that the conductor
could see that they were all right, and not
trouoie tnem to take them from their pock,
eta af etch stopping place. I watched
Beau 10 see what his expedient would be
to rut. lid of oavino- for hi. a.
0 . r- o f
the conductor drew nearer, Bee u thrust his
head out or the car window, and seemed
sbsoibed in contemplating the scenery ou
that side of the road. The conductor
spoke to hira for his ticket there was no
"Ticket, air," said the conductor, tapping
nun iig.iuiy un me anouiaers.
Beau sprang back in the car, knocking
the hat into the road, and leaving it, in one
minute, nearly a mile behind. He looked
first at the conductor, then out of the win.
dow afr his hat, and in a seeming fit of
rage, exclaimed: -
"What the d 1 do you strike a men in
that wsy fori Is that your busines? is
that what the company hires you for?
'I beg your pardon, sir. I only want
your ticket, replied tne conductor, meeklf .
. "Ticket! 0, yes, it's all very well for
you to want my ticket, but I want my hat!"
replied Beau, bristling up.
1 . t
"V ery sorry, sir, really. I mere v wish.
ed to call your attention, and I took the
only moans in my poer," said the eon.
""You had better use a cane to attract a
person s attention next, and hiijiim over
the head with it, if he happens to be look,
ing the other way!" replied the indignant
Beau. - .
"Well, air, I will apologise to vou asain.
if you wish. 1 have done so already once,"
said the now disconcerted conductor.
'Yes, no doubt; but that don't restore my
property: that s gone.' "
Well, sir, 1 cannot talk any locxer I'll
take your ticket, if you please said the
Ticknl! Haven't you just knocked it
out of the window, hat and all! - Do you
want to ndd insult to injury?'
Oh, your t ticket wu in the ' hst band?'
suggested the conductor. i " -
Svpptve you stop the train, and go back
and see!' said the hatless Beau with indir.
nrat scoio depicted on his face. . . ' ,
'Welt, sir,-1 shall pass you free over ths
road, then,' said the conductor, attempting
to o on vim bis auty.
CSore3 f seed, and hi, indignauon moat
for eiMJPWi Q , Abuses of honeaU
SS ? On U.Uy-V Weights and e vou after I hav. collected the
.:.::. Sieves aod Mira- uckets, replied the conductor, pawing M
dollar; my beaver coat me a V. Your good
sene will at once show you that there is a
balance of four dollars in my favor at any
rat " , '
Tbm conductor heaitatod. Beau looked
like a gentleman, to one not perfectly well
throurh the COT.,
Beausatin ..lent , irxhgnauon, 05
at every body until the official returned, and I
and sat down r.y hia side. Bean
in an earnest undertone, th.t
could only overhear occuioiulJy, talked to
the conductor like a "Dutch Uncle."
we saw-the cresi-fallen man of tickets pay
the halloa passenger lour dollars
-me tries; wu at once seen tnrougn oy
. - . . I
both my friend and myself, and the next
day over a bottle of wine at the Monu
ment House, Beau told uj he was hard up
hadn't a dollar, picked up an old bat at
Gadaby'a Hotel, in Washington, put his
.a a. 1 !..
cap in bis pocket, ana resoivea that tne rat
should carry aim to oauimore; ami u ou,
with four dollars into the bargain. Pic
tom mm flu
"Mr. Fox wu totally unlike his great
rival.' Pitt wu stalely, taciturn, and of an
austerer temper.' Fox wu euy, social and
of a kindly disposition. Pitt wu tall end
grave, and entering te House carefully
dressed, walked prouMcto the bead of (he
-V- Anai a . .11.1 JaVihlI lild auiaf BW A i T
4 iTCWBUa j iruvwi a wwbim slants h u k
. m a -
nined and dumo w a stauite. rox wu
mrly and jovial, entered the House in a
slouched nat ana wuu a careiess air, ana.
1 . 1 -.i. 1 1
as be approached the Opposition benches.
ha a a nod tor this learned city member, and
a joke for that wealthy knight of the shiie,
. 1 L - ri
. i. ... .
and sat aown. as mucn at ease u 11 ne
were lounging in the back parlor of a coun
try inn. f itt, u the adage runs, could
speak a King's speech off bund," so con
secutive were his sentences; and his round
smooth periods dslighted the aristocracy ol
all parties, rox made the Lords of the
Treasury quaiL u he declaimed in piercing
tones against ministerial corruption, while
has friends shouted "bear! hear! and so
plauded till the House shook. Pitt'a sen-
tenoes were pompous and sonorous, and
often "their sound revealed their own hoi-
lowness." Fox uttered sturdy Anglo-Sax
on sense; every woidpregnsntwith meaning.
Pitt wu a thorough business man, and
relied for success in debate upon careful
preparation.' Fox despised the drudgery of
the office, and ieLed upon his intuitive per
ceptions and his rooust strength, ritt was
the greater Secretary Fox the greater
Commoner. Pitts oratory was like the
frozen stahcties and pyramids which slit-
tec around Niagara in mid-winters-stately,
clesr snd cold. Fox's like the vehexent
waters which sweep over its brink, and roar
and boil in the abyss below. Pitt, in his
great efforts, only erected himself the aore
proudly, and uttered more full Johnsonian
sentence, sprinkling bis dignified Dut iron
otonous state-paper style with fucgent
sarcasms, speaking as one having authoiity.
and commanding that it might stand last
Fox, on such occasions, reasoned fiom
first principles, denouncing where he could
not persuade, and reeling under Iu Lieat
thoughts, until his excited feelings rocked
him like the ocean in a storm. Pitt di
nfftyml thm mot ttMiorie, and his mello
voice charmed like the notes of an ora an.
Fox displayed the most argument, snd his
shrill notes pierced like arrows. Pitt had
an icy taste; Fox a fiery logic. Pitt had
art; Fox nature. Pitt was dignified, cool,
cautious, rox maoiy, generous, brave.
ritt had a mind; rox a soul, ritt was a
majestic automaton; Fox a living man.
Pitt was the minister of the King; Fox, the
Champion of the People. Both were the
early advocates of Parliamentary reform;
but Pitt retreated, wlule Fox advanced;
and both joined in denouncing and abolish
ing the horrors of the middle passage. Both
died the same year, and tbey alept side by
side in Westminster Abbey, their dust
mingled with that of their mutual friend,
ilberforce; while over their tombs watch
ee with eagle eye and extended arm, the
model form of Chatham. Stanton s Re.
form and Rtformtrs of England.
AaacsoTB or Latimib. It is related
of Latimer that when he once preached
before that tyrant, Henry VIII, he took
plain, straight-forward text, and in his ser
mon assailed those very sins for which the
monarch wu notorious, and he wu stung
to the quick, f.w truth always fine's a res
ponse in the worst man's conscience. ' He
would not bend beneath the authority of
his God, but tent for Latimer, and said
Your life is in jeopardy, if you do not re
cant all you Mid to-day when tou preach
next ounuay. ihe trimming courtiers
were all aaxioua to know the consequences
01 this, and the chapel was crowded. 1 he
venerable man took his text, and after a
pause, began with a soliloquy, thus:
"Now, Hugh Lattimer, bethink thee,
thou art in the presence of thy earthly Mon
arch thy life is in his hands, and if thou
dost not suit his fancies, he will bringdown
thy grey hairs to the grave ; but Hugh Lat
imer, bethink thee, thou art in the presence
Of the King of KTugs and Lord of Lords,
who hath told thee, 'Fear not tbem that
kill the body, and can do no more ; but
rather fear him that can kill both body and
soul, and cast theo into bell forever!' Yea,
1 uy, Hugh Latumer, fear him."
He then went on, and not only repeated
what he had be lore advanced, but, if po-si-ble,
enforced it with greater emphasis. Af
ter he had finished, Henry sent for him,
and said. "How djrst thou insult thy moo-
arch sot" .Latimer replied. "I thought if
1 were unfaithful t my Uod, I could not be
loyal to my king." The king embraced
the good old bishop, txcUiming, There
in yet one man left who is bold enough to
tell me the truth."
ElTBAOBDUABY BtSD. "In 1621
aye brace, Mthere was brought into
Abyssina, a bird called Para, which. wu
about the bigness of a hen, and spoke all
languages; Indian, Portuguese and Arabic.
It named the King's name, although its
voice wu that of a man, it could likewise
neigh like a horse and mew like a cat, but
it did not sing like a bird. It wu pro
duced bofore the assembly of, iudrea. of
the priests, and the sagns of court, and there
it spoke with great gravity. The assem
bly, after considering circumstances well,
were unanimously of opinion that the evil
spirit had no part ia endowing it with these
talents. Dut to De certain ol this, it was;
thought most prudent to take the advice of
Rea-Sela hriatoa. then in Goiam who
might,' if be thought fit, consult the Supe
rior of Mehebar , Selasse,- to them it w u
sent, but died on the road. . The historian
closeerhis narrative by this ivise rerWtiaa
on the parrots death, such is tha lot of all
TaI AraTia. i nosuea ud iu ura uumui lavrii- i wu van
I ik .mi nrK lftanr
A wine man pk r
rrooithe l&aor i
... .' , -
liable aommet Mgn of lr
M and. To-dy, wa kaaVC
ehapuH of niodeca aetaaeevM
or aaunat ao4 vteiaJa '
refrftace to Uta auaar ' T
Liebif, ibie iheme, aiic
ad wnn all uta uuateai i
aow keaJUJul la nt yt
ii of toacice. tw
",,n '. uf a of piaau v
1 main ininr. w . . ...
S - TJ K iVti
f" Airk uiur.i ChtuUii 1 )
inia auojeci aie kaowa to you U
taiermiaatio. of it. .raouni ieaijy
rieaeteoua. nu ha int.,..,,.. ;
tuuaa BDOQI M U nil
Uif. tlow -ZskWw-
M-uiMllia !& . .r At Ik . .... . .
nQt .p?r tuytunoai to thoa
a w HW- vaBSj.T""
with 11. method of effect! it. TUnSr
, matter, wa .uppoee a kViJia-i
. r-t--jf"w wii a coca bciow auf
wj in the head ibofe. Oa turn. tk . ,
ier raae out, aad a eorreajoaui ft
air cornea in abute and Ukr. w.n,-
water mat kaa eecp4 meirl, , 1
tot t ery quart of it k.e a ari of l
eua il M Drfri .... .,v
. ' i v
Uiu approach iL Th u i
a bundled auUu c( .,.. l
n J au-p .i off. Uii huu.., uf
eoneev-.rouy rome m :hroujk it. la ,.JJf r tTl
m,i me amniuaia Ix-b.Ml V. , ,B, .av.
tie Anunal cb.ii. aU. ju... .. .kJ!J!. ' xLOt
luaiaiic. a :be ti-a!i. .. "
of the 4iouajUactttJm..t'.,. - Ji'i!
U.eoft,ci ,,t auda. I.m it ... 1n;I!7!;
iL Such ficL. .t. .... i .t.v. - ... ep
o. i.n?oiunt a?pl,c.:;- a. Aauhet u,u4.;k,
character of the blo ea. f. ehxH
and that in a ery ahrt period, hy ehaa,. of i
I Jo not refer to a mere riauoi ot the a ooorota
iu coua.uueui, &ul to t.cl a t.riaawo im-
p.iea a in.lrr.il chart ol rhsrcirr. m f
.aa e, the lel.itn.rul oi iua.ka m f.o.t.aL.
- y caiJouate. That the u. l! uen.: ol ,irt a c haat.
ia the coiiauiuiion ol a lud tha irjir tli u
nert ea and Unun ot the animal fi.ne dm s. .
ny nutentl one ia endenL ;ia .ftciem., i a.
Uei.ln.eiil of dteeue ham bees sy no unw fa ,
At '.hie rea-oa ihe a'tvatta or i.S.
oflea directed to the (allenuf at ih.,. .
Uhich are intended for Ue bul.:hr, aad u M a.
j.runtloi him u know bow be di. t i-n .iv;S
aticlea ct f -od as be oaf kava oa h.oi f .- -
pinpoae U lb. be,t accoual. Several aiu. i
auch aj pumpk.o. and .pp.ee, ili not krep if,rt
andara io haaaed in Theueaua, il aia... -
teaai auiniioaa ait.c ea, ao far aa it cm ! d.
cjnveaicstly.aboteld be fa out tiii; alLerauc.
uoae Uiat are more autritje. Kauea.ai an avt .
.ho Mid b kepi ()uil and kurfnad io iu, io not.
cirrc ixa Uta tm neceaauy l i thru kr ih. xJ
eiereiae, wmti thao Una, aal'a lut aa eipeadau:e
of food, hich 4oe not ivaii tm'J.'wt m Ifce pr-
ce of U'AtaWf. 1 ahouvi frd rets ml
wuh auuaofe fwl, and (hat pn.pmy aren.ir:. ted
aa tnura eoouia De f iei turn a. Ln mt ..., .
coavert iuto fleth and t.i.ij.ot .-.. -l,
litt aniatal eeoncmy. Km accatou s;k a ,! :! CJ
etu-a llreh, ia tahr a depuail 1 tuoeii iol. ea r,.
cn not weiraiec : ,i t it :m ti
oae time', ia laid by lot tuiui merrei::i. atd t
muat (eob.icns 'liatUieia:(!tr.4bii.y o; fewt
nic a a iaiienu( aaimai can ma!. t coaaoo..
daily, with a good appetite, m o c ;m :toi.t(3-
ly, Uie a reatei wi I le Ue auei ci o. fl s u ! -u
tamed ia proportion to Ue lo e quu..: .t Uo4
A a mil. will aot lhri. wuh aat auwual ,f '.jod
arheie they aie coeaav al dicor.trail, era i
ihey arrt ao e'oe y coaiaed thu Uey cacaot
eai off their fifth fveten-ia; it . ikere'ora.
unpotiaat that ihey aoMl t tad Mftt4in,i
that Uteie ahukl he solhuj o i atiuh tiem, s
eiriia fe.ro. diacooteot.
m the i"ot crop, lor Buu!tiu pvren.e-,
toea a:ad hmi; then caimia. ruu ts. b-m.
wuiz.U, h.cS a.e all ar.t.y i.abi. m s
xiU); h;ie Uie K'- jlt lu:ot; ia lb. fc-i.
aie aud uutnlK'a. v'f r.n. ahe.t a.ac.' f r .
then peaa, lud.an o rn,ba.iy iai laatoaa. Xjr
lodiao corn ia bm-4 m Luicuji aaiaaa, p- sr
ly a int. Fir these, there ia ncdubtair a f i
am in haiuc il both ground aadcooied. Urn
d tha: wrine aine are ted oa muat. ci ttmiy.
p'lJdiiij, they ara n.ucri nut i'-i-t, aaJ cai.e
q ieoliy (no fleh mack U-ii, than '.here Vt
aauie iDjire clieu!. are fed totheiu aocoukl.
t he foil3iuf hioi.oa ih .a an. jeet, tl.tu
va:aab!e agricultural jo ara. I, the Athac; Cuiua
tor, i I be fuuod of io:eiei:
"Sut accea in which tie atuUeal t wlm
coiiceauated, boaid befedvr.) ere. 1 here a
danger, especially aben the annua, ia t.-.t put :
teed, that more m.T be eaten n oar tm u.
d'irsliTeorgaacaiiaaaage. Meaiol lni..aton
ia h'g'ily aulriti.e. and bea puc fed c
nimo'a lo t.llrn laaici lk a tma: a uher Vol.
Tbey will tot, koeer. ber i be n. it ;
kepi oa tbta aiucie tot a (.eat leog-k vi time.
Uetl made from the hea:et oi corr.
eioeci.Ly that made troaa e kind a ct. k rt'
gro an in the .VnUirra aad Eaatern Situ, ia 4aiie
too atiuaf food lor c.uie, akeep, of Ooi-, u be
tuil-frd upon. Hrace t neot .Se a!.c'.(gea oi
ha. ing the cob i ruuad iik ihe cmi, ty ba iae
natnmenl ia diff Jaed Uifough a greater Suik, l!a
liirhier on the atoaaacb. aad ia aie i;.oro.gh.y
digraied. The effect of pur auin meal oa an.
mala, we auppoae to b ..ai .r u thai Mraetirnea
produced on our en icki ty the ue ot hoe
whexlea fljur U.e aubject beoanea dttpepU:,
aid ia forced la u rxetd hMh baa the )aa
raiid wiUk t.'ie Aonr. The niit'.uie cf the coo
with meal, aasoera the purposed the braa the
hea'lh o! the animal ia preaei.ed, aad !- proceaa
of donation goeeoai naintennicdi. ta tact, lha
ad.nniagea ot grioutni ike cob aid C"n togeihei
for It'edu cattle my be .aid lo b eeua.Mk
d. Kor ttnf, the beoeblot Ue ct n aot, wa
ih.nk, ao e ideal; ihoae anmiain appearing u b
bt;er adapted lot Ukmjt ihetr aouitaacieal in a
oomen'.r iWi form, than tkoae wkicA n.miaate, at
chew tha cud. Yet food aur&cieaily bu.k- to
effet t the detention of tb 'wtU ia aecc.-a.-y
"Mayor alraw, cut into leacthaao abort aato
te leadily miaed ilk meal, aaawern a good pot
poae ia rendencg the meat cay of digeaUoo, and
iu enabling the animal to eiuact Uuau it ail ike
"t he concluaion airirad at fxoen the teeuli of a
eerieaol eipenntJala inatilaied by the H gh .rd
Society of Scotland, n few years ago, wa,Uuutte
eupajittiit. ot cooked over iduk.d taod for cattle
ia but trifling, and not anitieient l ba aace the
cost; but I.M koga, UM taua eoate pteparauon
The appetite aad keallh oftho anianaUa are pc
moled by giving a variety of food. Tie fact kaa
led to Uie preparation foe taiMaiag aioch. r-'of
fattening hoga, wt kave aacS uk advantage Ike
followirg niiiuuea. 1. Two narttt poUloea aad
two paita pnmpkina; boil together until Ike. ea
bo eaaily maahed boa tken add one part meal,
eliniag aad nuauif uatinaataly lofetlef. The keat
of the potatoea and pnmpkina wiU acalJ or cook
Iks mtl mA 'jkft tnU thm au.uira will ae a
all If puitdnf. Z Te a,, poUUoea, and to ct
ripe, pla;a.:le appxeav, eiuii ami
nil thev can be manned. Bnelhts sdd one pen
meal, toiike. from oon, barley, a eaia and peaa.
allowing uio aarr.a weigaa, ana m a-(.ui
whil. the -alaloe and apple, are kC
Mtogaare morn fond of kwdnben it kaa fof
meoted, (not become pnageuoy ur ) andtSey
appear t utteok Uatrt il it m lew la u m ia lb
state. Wt ha? a never aeea koe Uy ie taetet Lkan
hew fed oo tki M RBLitarea. wu. iwcaaiowauy n
little dairy slop, aad we ba-a elwije found Ue
pock aoUd aad ml good a,iuiity. .
Tarkk M.aa.l mf Ttaaates
Tan late Codmodoia Portal, wkeu oy of IB
Ooiied Sutea at Coaa.antiaopla, haw a hoc, eared
oflomtder bynTnckiaa tmmei ka kite foi lowing
manner: Tha Tnrb eatd tne aoia nnn.t k bled m
aide of ka diaaaaed lee. Ue 9.1a nipper 0
bin nose la keep kin atecd; OeaMok np ike leit
log, aad cftxaMag it avac ike itt, gn'O U to aan
tendani) be then alrnck ki Unoa mio the veta.
little ato.e tha fetkk toaat, aaa toaa nom rt
about three and a half soaadeol kiofd. The vela
klad freely. He ae aaid ha had lahea enaach;
be tbea went ta tf vary opposite nnle af Ike leg,
mA -j..kl. kkluMi laaa a veaa ahove ike knee
joint, a aingle drop ef Wood eaaJed, nod boU that
and tke Iratopeoed vena inmaitiiy caaaea wx
tag. I here may be ao noeeUr ia ikif, bul U ea
Uiory aatoniahed m M and thai epee ing twe vmas
ia the wa limketoppad botk fnae fcleadinf; aaab,
kAw.a. ia tha fact, foe l wksenssd U. n
aired that ih home ekoaid rant taaaett tk
he atould then U rode wiU grnal violence saia
be waa in a aaofuaa aarapiialiaa wa ma nee..
limb thm a be rnbbad wiik wetnala (t
added n piat ef hot bcaadyWkeja lul6ad drv, and
then walked a boat wuu oooc, aadbovered vua
blaakeir; tha same yaoeeaa to ha neid seiS
day bKk aeea doae, aad ail inmemmi ttaasC'"
llmedla,-Td; Ue ken. U Uifd tay was
SaatlY w.i - rrfk aaarioaa aaaaaT.
Weoa ka mate kaax'aaaH Ij rae- piaiina ea.
V ujurn iii aia cooj i i - i