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title: 'The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, January 11, 1891, Page 2, Image 2',
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SUNDAY JANUARY 11, 1891
ISSUED BY THE
SACRAMENTO FMBB3M6 COMPANY
Office, Third Street, between .T and X
THE DAILY RECORD-UNION,
Published six days in each week, and
THE SUNDAY UNION,
Published every Sunday morning, making a
splendid seven-day paper.
For one year ?6 00
For six months 3 00
For three months 1 SO
Subscribers served by Carriers at Fifteen
Cents per week. In uli interior cities and
towns the paper can be had of the principal
Periodical Dealera, Newsmen and Agents.
The .SUNDAY UNION ls served by Carriers
at Twenty-five Cents per month.
THE WEEKLY UNION,
Ts the cheapest and most desirable Home,
News and Literary Journal published on the
The Weekly Union per year fl 50
The Sunday Union alone per year 1 00
All these publications are sent either by
Mail or Express to agents or single subscribers,
with charges prepaid. All Postmasters arc
The Best Advertising Mediums on the Pa
Entered at the Postofflce at Sacramento as
The Record-Union, Sunday Union
ond Weekly Usios are the only papers
on the Coast, outside of San Francisco,
that receive the full Associated Press dis
patches from all parts of the world. Out
aide of San Francisco, they have no com
petitors either in influence or home and
general circulation throughout the State.
San Francisco Agencies.
This paper is for sale at the following places:
L. P. Fisher's, room 21, Merchants' Exchange,
California stivct; the principal News Stands
and Hotels, and at the Market-street Ferry.
4&- Also, for sale on all Trains leaving* and
c hi: ing into Sacramento.
For Northern California—Fair weather;
Winds generally north to west; nearly station
ary temperature; frosts.
For Southern California—Fair weather;
Winds generally northerly; nearly stationary
THE PROPOSED NEW BALLOT
The reform ballot law, proposed by tho
Federated Trades and drawn by Judge J.
G. Maguire, is now, by introduction in
the Legislature, before tho people for con
sideration. It is not, as it should not bo,
.the Australian ballot system proper, but
is an improvement upon it. Just what it
is it is well to state.
Section 1 provides that the ballots shall
be printed at public expense, as also cards
of instruction to electors. Section 2 pro
vides that political Conventions repre
senting a party that cast 8 per cent, of the
vote of the State or district at the preced
ing election may nominate.
Section 3 provides that such nomina
tions shall be certified under oath. Sec
tion 4 provides that candidates may also
be nominated by request of 3 per cent, of
the voters, on the basis of the last preced
ing election. One thousand request sig
natures of electors shall be sufficient for
nomination for a Stato office. The certi
fication of nomination is made to the Sec
retary of State or the Clerk of the county
or city, as tbe case may be. But no party
or petition shall nominate more than one
candidate for one office. The Clerk with
whom a certificate of district nomination
is filed must, at least fifteen days prior to
election, certify the lists to the other
Coast? Clerks in the district.
Section (J provides that no certificate
shall contain more than tho name of one
nominee for the same office, and those
who act in a Convention cannot sign for
nomination by the other method. Sec
tion 7 directs the preservation of the orig
inal certificates of nomination.
By Section 8, certificates to the Secre
tary of State must be filed not more that
sixty nor less than forty days prior to
the election; to County Clerks, fifty and
twenty days. Conventions or their dele
gated authority, may certify the filling of
vacancies in nominations. At least twen
ty-five days prior to election the Secre
tary of State certifies the lists of nomi
nees to County Clerks, and by Section 9
the Clerk must, at least, ten days prior to
election, publish in two papers twice (the
last, the day before election), the lists of
nominees, with all details of party, resi
dence, etc. Tlio publication shall be in
the order and form to appear on tho bal
lots. If no newspaper is printed in tho
county the lists must be freely posted at
least ten days before election.
All these provisions relate to nomina
tions and are intended to enable any citi
zen, without cost to himself, to freely
present himself for office, if he can secure
reasonable indorsement of his ambition.
This gives the poor man equal opportu
nity with the rich, and the neglected
or boss - proscribed man, equal op
portunity with the man who has
the "pull" in a Convention. Such a
policy must tend to give us better Con
ventions, better nominations and to break
the power of the boss to sell nominations
and manipulate caucuses and Conven
tions. It conforms to the substructural
principle of free government, which as
sumes that any citizen qualified by the
laws may aspire for any office. It gives
to the people the opportunity, of which
political chicane has robbed them, to
make selection between candidates of
their own choosing, and to reject party
Convention nominees on both sides if
they wish, instead of being compelled, as
now, to vote for one or the other of two
possibly equally objectionable candidates.
It will be seen, too, that full publicity is
given to the lists of nominees, thus ob
viating an objection the San Francisco
Vhronicle has sought to make much of.
Sections 10 and 11 arc merely directory
concerning resignations and voting on
constitutional amendments. From this
on it will not be necessary to name the
sections. Coming to the election—tho
ballots are to be officially printed, and no
others shall be cast. They are to be
on tinted paper provided by the Secre
tary of State, and it is to be "water
marked" after a design of his own that
can be plainly seen when the ballot is
folded, and the same design shall not be
nsed at a general election more than once
in fourteen years. Any voter may write
on his ballot tho name of any person he
may wish to vote for.
Ballots for elections of officers in con
solidated cities and counties, are to be
separate ballots and to be designated
"Municipal," while others are to be desig
nated "General." On each ballot is the
plainly printed instructions "Make cross
[X] in the square at the right of the name
you wish to vote for."
Half an inch from the right-hand edge
of each ballot, they being designated by
color, from top to bottom is a perforated
line. On the back of this margin is to ap
pear the number of the ballot, so as to
plainly appear when folded, and the cor
responding number is to appear on a
stub. When the names of candidates ap
pear in separate eolumus, the columns
atioil be four aud a half inches wide and
wparated by heavy rules, and the names
n all cases are to be separated by rules,
rhe print is to be plain roman type, and
•how the name, office, residence, etc.,
md as many blanks are to be left after
;ach office as there are persons to be el^ct
?d to it, and the blanks are to be num
bered in order. The candidates' names
ire to be put in alphabetical order under
be office titles.
We think it will be necessary to insert
n the bill a line stating that opposite each
mmc shall appear the political designa
ion. We believe also that it will be far
setter to adopt the Indiana plan of print
ng the political tickets in separate col
nnns with the party vignette at the head
if each, and a blank for marking, that the
roter may vote a straight ticket if lie de
sires by making a single mark. Thus,
me column would show all Democratic
lominecs, another all Republican, an
>ther all Independent, etc. There will
bus be removed the objection that voters
night be confused in picking out of
straight lists their partisan choices. It
vill amount to this, as in Indiana, that
-very voter will have before him on the
iheet the distinct party tickets more con
veniently than now, when they are on
The ballots are to be bound in stub
oooks of 100 ballots each, and 100 tickets
ire to bo furnished for every 50 electors
n a precinct. Any errors or omissions
nay be corrected at any time by order of
;he Superior Court. From the Clerk the
Election Board receives the ballots and
receipts for them. Two ballot clerks are
;o be chosen for each precinct from the
two political parties casting the largest
number of votes at the preceding elec
tion. Two ballot-boxes are provided,
one "General," the other "Municipal."
Booths are to be provided, in which the
voter may be screened from view, and
where he may enter and prepare his
A guard-rail is to keep all persons, ex
cept those law fully inside, six feet from
the boxes and the booths, but both boxes
md booths must be in plain view of the
public. There shall be at least one booth
tor every 50 electors. Every booth is to
he supplied with marking and writing
The voter passes within the rail and
-rives his name and address. A ballot
clerk loudly announces it, a clerk finds
it on the register and audibly announces
it. A general and a municipal ticket are
each torn from the stub and given him,
and the numbers thereof entered oppo
site his name in the register. The ballot
clerks then indorse their names on the
This indorsement is, in our opinion,
unnecessary. It is sufficient for identifi
cation that ballots are numbered. It is
possible, nay, easily so, for a clerk to so
indorse his name as to identify thereafter
the vote of any elector. We presented
and demonstrated this objection to the
committee two years ago, and convinced
it that not only is the hand-writing of
clerks upon the ballot unnecessary but
dangerous. A shrewd clerk can easily
identify by Lis signature the ballot of 50
out of -00 voters, and thus the secresy of
50 ballots will be destroyed, and the boss
given an avenue through which to reach
and cow the voter.
On receiving his ballot tbe voter retires
to a booth, marks Ids preferences with a
black lead pencil, folds his ballot, and re
turning delivers it to the Inspector, who
announces the name of the voter and tho
number of the ballot. If the number
corresponds with that entered as taken
out, tlie word "voted" is written on the
register. The Inspector then tears off the
perforated margin bearing the ballot
number and destroys it, and the ballot is
then cast. It will be seen that the secresy
is as fully conserved without as with the
indorsed name3of the ballot clerks, hence
tho Indorsement is unnecessary, and will
constitute a point of assault upon the bill.
Let all such that may, be removed.
The voter must not exceed five minutes
in the booths. If he spoils a ballot, he
can receive another to the number of
three, the spoiled ballots being immedi
ately cancelled. The ballot clerks must
account for unused ballots, and it will be
seen that with the stubs, tho cast ballots,
and the spoiled ones, a perfect account
can be made of each number, so that no
fraudulent ballot can be counted.
If a voter cannot read or mark his bal
lot, he can have the aid of an election
officer, and a certificate record of the fact
is made upon the ballot. The County
Clerk is to print "sample ballots" on un
official paper, to be given to every regis
tered voter who desires. Cards of in
struction arc also to be prepared and fur
nished voters, and the Election Boards
are to post like cards at the polls and in
each booth. Names written on a ballot
are to bo counted whether marked [x] or
Severe penalties are provided for de
facing certificates of nomination, or filing
false certificates, or disclosing the secret
of the water mark, or forging a ballot, or
marking one so as to identify it, or falsely
swearing to disability to read or mark, or
for bribing or"pffering to bribe, or for re
vealing how a disabled voter voted, and
so on. Electioneering is forbidden within
one hundred feet of the polls, as also
showing a ballot after marking it, or ask
ing at a polling place how one voted.
Such, in pretty full detail, is the pro
posed new law. With the two exceptions
noted, it is worthy of approval, and
should be made a State statute. Print the
party tickets on the ballot as in Indiana,
omit the written indorsements, and a law
will be left simple, understandable, prac
tical, and that will conserve the secrecy of
the ballot, break the backs of the bosses,
and as nearly eliminate fraud upon elec
tions as is possible to be done, and give
us more nearly than ever before, the true
voice of the people at the polls.
USELESSNESS OF AIR-SHIPS.
Arthur n. Cummings, in the Korth
American Pevicir, takes the position that
flying machines are useless, and even if
perfected can have little value. We con
fess that we have long entertained the be
lief that the great effort put forth to per
fect r.ir-ships is a positive waste of human
The truth is, that ships for navigation
of the air havo had sufficient trial to dem
onstrate that a vessel cannot be steered in
opposition to a current of air by any re
sistance of rudders or other appliances
for guiding against the current to be op
pOMd. Buoyancy can be and has been
obtained, but governing tho air-ship has
not been, nor do even the best informed
experimenters believe it ever will lie.
Those who continue to strive for the un
attainable are those who have not thor
oughly analyzed tho reasons advanced
against the possibility of steering air
ships, or of managing them in swirling
and eddying currents of air.
Mr. Cummings takes the position that
no bird or insect can support itself mo
tionless in the air. There is required first,
buoyancy, then a certain amount of mus
cular energy. Now, if we are to imitate
nature in this flying business, we must
have some very light and at the same
time very strong structure, plus a great
deal of energy or output of power. Now,
these conditions can be attained; by the
use of steel and electricity L we can get
THE SUNDAY TTNTOy, SACBAMENTO, CAI,., JANUARY 11, 1591.-EIGHT PAGES.
strength and power, but we get at the
same time so large a body that it is un
wieldy and helpless in the air, and not
possible of control.
The utility of flying machines, there
fore, finds early limitation, and it is
readily seen that there can be neither
carrying capacity in such ships nor at
tainment of speed except by drifting with
air currents. The probability, therefore,
of air-ships ever proving serious or even
worthy competitors to steamboats and
rail-cars is so remote as to be scarcely
worthy of being reckoned among possi
bilities. Mr. Cummings makes one tell
ing point that enthusiasts should ponder
long and well. They have assumed that
by reason of directness of route, and the
lightness of the medium in which the
aerial vessel rests, great speed with much
weight may be attained. But as a ship
with her cargo rests upon water, and dis
places it according to her weight and
bearings, so the air-ship, with a cargo,
must rest upon the air. When it comes
to propelling tho ship with its weight of
cargo through the air the friction or re
sistance will be found to be very consid
erably greater than if the load rested
upon wheels rolling over smooth metal
The steamboat and the rail-car move
through tho air with the advantage of
material beneath them that the propelling
power may operate upon, or bear against,
while the air-ship, having as much of
the friction of the air as has a rail-car,
has only a grip or traction for its motive
power upon the yielding atmosphere.
Again, the power necessary to lift a
dead weight of one hundred pounds into
the air must exceed the power necessary
to move the same weight an equal dis
tance along tlie earth's surface. Thus an
ordinary stone-drag enables a horse to
pull along the ground for miles a load he
could not possibly by the same output of
power lift a thousand feet. A forcelof ten
pounds will move a ton horizontally, but
to sustain a ton in the air and simultan
oously move it horizontally would re
quire a force of ten pounds plus two thou
So that no ingenuity can devise machin
ery to operate in the air and gain power
by resistance to or pressure upon the air
that will ever be practically useful, and,
therefore, all efforts to construct airships
to carry weights and traverse distance
under control will be wasted energy.
WAS SCHLIEMANN A FRAUD?
We cannot refrain from expressing our
astonishment that so distinguished a sci
entist as the President of the California
Academy of Sciences should have ex
pressed doubts of the. honesty of the
treasure discoveries of Schlieinann. At
least he has permitted himsolf to be re
ported as sneering at the reputed discov
eries of tl;e great arclneologist at Ilassar
lik and Myeena-, and as suggesting that
the treasures found may have been fraud
ulent. It would seem from all that was
published about tho matter, that this
doubt grew out of the fact that the Presi
dent of the San Francisco Academy once,
many yoars ago, knew Schlieinann when
he was a poor clerk in this city. The
idea seems to have fastened upon the
President's mind that it was improbable
for such treasure to have escaped, the
ravaging ancient to fall at last to the lot of
the discoverer of Troy.
It is perfecily true that we are apt t
underrate those whom we knew in hum
ble spheres, who later on have eclipsed us
in the worldly race. It is human nature,
perhaps, to look back upon such as we
knew as very humble persons, as impos
sible of achieving greatness. Now we
have not the slightest doubt of the learn
ing of the President of tho Academy, nor
of his profound devotion to scientilic
progress. Indeed, we happen to know
that in at least one branch of natural his
tory lie has achieved high and deserved
distinction and recognition by learned
societies abroad. But as positive evi
dences of the successful researches of
Henry Schleimann and the treasures he
unearthed are easily produced, the idea
that he salted the excavations at Hissai
lik and deceived the archa>ological socie
ties of the world is absurd. Moreover,
there would appear to be lacking suffi
cient motive for any such action, and
certainly there could be no considerable
gain by any such performance.
The story of Schliemann's life is a ro
mantic one, but cannot be even sketched
here. He educated himself, amassed a
fortune at business, and spent it in unsel
fish archfoological research. In ISW3 he
went to Paris to make preparatory study
for what he believed to be the great work
for which he was intended. He went to
Ithaca, and to his own satisfaction identi
fied it with indications of locality in the
Odyssey, and then began the search for
the plain of Troy, and at Hissarlik fixed
upon the spot where he would begin his
He published a monograph giving his
reasons for this location, and while it was
yet in press made a trip to the United
States, where he remained several
months, but in 1870 was back at Hissar
lik and began to excavate. He secured a
firmin from the Porte and pushed his
work with vigor under it. For three
years he labored at Hissarlik and then he
transferred his labors to Mycence where
he excavated for four years. In both
places he made important discoveries,
that were examined and proved by the
most advanced archaeologists of the world.
He recovered monuments of art and a
large amount of gold and silver and other
treasure; while tho Government offered to
permit him to retain his treasures as aids
in the prosecution of his researches,
he turned them all over to Greece. In
18S0 he published the first account of his
discoveries in the volume entitled "Ilios,"
and in 1883 tho second, entitled "Troja!"
He found seven cities superimposed upon
each another, and while it is not clear and
may never be which was the ancient city
of Troy, he entertained the firm belief
that the second waa tlie original city of
which Homer treated in song.
It is perfectly true that as late as 1875
Schliemann was visited with ridiculo by
doubters, and was laughed at by scien
tists even more famous than tho Presi
, dent of the California Academy, but long
before the close of that decade ridicule
gave place to respect, high honors were
showered upon the explorer and full
credit conceded for the verity of his dis
coveries by the Hellenic and other archae
ological societies. Despite the doubts of
the California President, it is in proof as
strong as that such a man as Washington
lived, that Schliemann at Mycenae made
discoveries of treasures of greatest value,
and all tending to prove the Homeric ac
counts of culture and art.
It is in proof as positive as that the
Academy of Sciences is a beneficiary of
James Lick, that Heinrich Schliemann
found at Hissarlik a great mass of mute
witnesses of prehistoric cities, one of
which may have been tlie real Troy, and
that he found in them rich stores of pot
tery and jewelry, notwithstanding the
suggestion of the President of the Cali
fornia Academy of Sciences that such
relics are now cleverly imitated. Schlie
man found three helmeted skeletons, and
other evidences of prehistoric occupation,
but it is not admitted that his proofs in-
dubitably establish any of the super
imposed cities at Hissarlik to be the
Schliemann's excavations at "Mycenae,
and his discoveries wero even more im
portant, and he there unearthed a royal
treasure-house rich in valuable relics,
which archaeologists everywhere admit to
be genuine, and to show no evidences, of
being spurious. This is true also of his
researches with Dorpfeld at Tirgus, ono
of the ancient cities of Greece, and of his
opening of the great tumulus at Marathon.
But it is not necessary to pursue the sub
ject further. The great archaeologist is
dead, and there is no evidence whatever
to warrant the suggestion that he ever
imposed upon any human being, or pre
tended to rind what ho did not lind.
General Grant said that we taught
the Indian tribes to distrust us. That
was as complete a statement of the whole
Indian question as could be made. It is
as true to-day as when Grant uttered the
bit of wisdom. But though our policy
towards the Indian has been one of folly,
shameful mismanagement and disregard
of solemnly assumed obligations, when
blows are struck and the army is called
in to fight the Indians, it should be left
alone to its task. There should be no in
terference by peace sentimentalists, no
palavering by Quakers, no suggesting by
Indian Agents and Commissioners. Let
the army deal with the Indian in arms,
and let the country abide by what the
army officials do. Wo can rest assured
that there will be no scandals, no charges
of shortage in rations, no allegations that
the tribes are robbed or swindled. In
short, wo would have the whole manage
ment of the Indian question turned over
to the War Department, and entertain the
belief that with the Indians under the
management of the military, we would
have no further trouble with the savages.
The enemies of the Bennet compulsory
education law in Wisconsin have just re
ceived a "set back" in the report of the
School Department of the State. They
had forecast all sorts of educational retro
gression and decadence as the result(t>f
the enforcement of tbe law. The official
reports show that, in fact, the ell'ect of the
law bas been to increase the per cent, of
the attendance of those between the ages
of 7 and 14 from 73.9 in 1888, t078.3 in 1890.
That is the public schools; but in pri
vate schools the effect has been still more
marked, the attendance increasing from
11.8 per cent, in 1888, to 13.1 in 1890. Could
there be by any possibility more positive
demonstration of tbe falsity of the claim
of tbe Wisconsin Democracy, that the law
was designed and would operate against
certain religions? All the law aimed to
do it has done, that is to fortify every child
in Wisconsin of school age with a rudi
mentary knowledge of the English lan
guage as the official language of the State.
Michigan* has so amended her school
law that all children sullbring from con
sumption or from chronic catarrh must
be excluded from the public schools.
This is, we believe, tho first State recog
nition that these diseases arc communi
cable, and that the discharges from the
mouths and nostrils of such alllictcd ones
are dangerous to the living. But science
has demonstrated the wisdom, indeed the
necessity of precisely such regulations.
Tiie well should not breathe the atmos
phere of the room occupied by the con
sumptive, nor should tho patient with
chronic catarrh discharge matter from tho
nostrils in a room with others, except into
a vessel supplied with matter to neutral
ize the poison. At tlie very least, says
Dr. Oswald in Belford's, the room of the
consumptive visited by others, should be
constantly ventilated, and most freely so.
What has become of the proposition
broached about tiie the time that division
time standards were adopted *o reform
the dial of the clock. It will be remem
bered that the scheme was to place the
the twenty-four hours upon the dial,
numbering from Ito 24. At the time we
believed that it was a good scheme ami
would prove of infinite convenience, so
soon as the public could be freed from the
trammels of convention of the old system.
Every reason appeared to favor the adop
tion of the new plan, but somehow it sud
denly dropped out of consideration. Wo
learn, however, that the Indian railways
were so impressed with tho value of the
new system of measuring the boon that
it has been officially adopted in British
India, and on all the railway dials there
now appear the twenty-four hours in
President Harrison Mas now twice
selected from the bench instead of from
the bar in filling vacancies upon the Su
preme .bench of the nation. It has not
been the custom of tho Presidents to fol
low such a rule. But it might well be
made a matter of convention. We be
lieve that it is the true principle, and that
it should be uniformly adhered to. It
certainly conduces to the maintenance
of the dignity of the Supreme bench, and
to the more exalted respect it should in
spiro among the people. Certainly tbe
lawyer who has had years of service upon
the District or Circuit bench is better
fitted to assume the robes of the Supreme
tribunal than one who has never occu
pied a judicial attitude.
THERE IS NO PAIN LIKE TOOTHACHE 1
It "beats the dogs" for making a fellow
squirm. Nobody pities you. "Get It out,"
says one; "rub tlie tooth against a stone," says
another; "when it begins to swell then it won't
hurt so much," says a third. The reason of the
ache is you didn't use ZOZODONT and pre
vent your teeth from decay.
NOTICE is hereby giveu that the annual
meeting of stockholders of the Germania
Building and Loan Association of the city of
Sacramento, for the election of three Directors,
and for such other business as mav be brought
before it, will be held at its office, ioil Fourth
street, on MONDAY EVENING, January 12
1891, at 7:30 o'clock.
L. NEUBORG, President.
H. J. Goethe, Secretary. d27-2w
A FRENCH LADY, just arrived from Can
ada. Most powerful spiritual healer in the
world and trumpet-medium, ut 421 S street;
room (j. Ja7-7t*
SAMPLE ROOMS, 1014 Sixth street, be
tween J aud K. Fine Wines, Liquors and Ci
gars. JACOB KEARTH, Proprietor.
PIANOS TO SUIT THE TlMES.—Having
received a large invoice direct from manufact
urers, including eleven different factories,
brand new. Easy installments. Prices, 820U
and upwards, at A. C. SHAW & CO.'S, 1033
Eight fa street. d Iti-tf
PAINLESS EXTRACTION OF TEETH, bv
use of local anesthetic. DR. WELDON,
dentist, Eighth and J streets. je22-tf
MRS. DR. FRENCH, the renowned fortune
teller. This woman tells wonderful things,
also brings troubled parties together acaln.
City Hotel, SOS K street, Room 15, Just ar
rived from Chicago. Ja7-Bt*
MADAME BELL, renowned in telling life's
future events, titteeh years' practice in India
and Australian colonies; late of San Jose.
Youiik people should know their future. Fee
50 cents and §1. 1010 Third stroet. d9-tf
HOLIDAY Goods'.—Tbo linest assortment
ever offered in Sacramento. Fancy articles for
Christmas gifts. Plush Cases, Photograph
Albums, Vases, Pictures. Picture Frames to
order at short notice. THEO. W. SCHWAMB,
804 J street, dl3-tf
BUYS A CORO
QF OLD LUMBER WOOD. GET YOUR
winter supply now at the C. O. D. YARD,
■ u urtii and I streets. 1
33 aU Qvo*. St Co.
=" '...■■■■ ........ , ...... 1 .-e- — ...,_.
For This Week!
The splendid success of the FIRST WEEK of the CLEAR
ANCE SALE has inspired us to prodigal offerings for the SEC
OND. Our REDUCTIONS, unlike others, have no margin for
present profit. What surplus goods we have goes at such
matchless prices as these -
50-cent Plaid Dress Goods for \
60-cent Plain Serges for (ORr>
75-cent Sideband Suitings for / ZO6
90-cent Camel's Hair Serges for ! )
1,200 yards Bleached Crash at half-price 6% cents
3,000 yards Fancy Plaid and Plain Ginghams, down from raj.
to. 5 cents
i^o dozen Ladies' White Handkerchiefs, fine open-work bor
der, for 3 cents
$0 dozen Children's Black Wool Hose, sizes to B}_\.io cents
15 dozen Children's Fine Knit Undershirts 10 cents
New styles Neck Ruchings, formerly 40 cents, now 10 cents
Men's Fancy Plaid and Fancy Mixed Suits, at the unheard-of
price of $2
Men's Fancy All-wool Cassimere Suits, formerly $15, $t& and
$•7 5°- $10
Men's Scotch Plaid Cape Overcoats, down from $*$ to $io
A large lot of Four-in-Hands and Teck Scarfs, reduced from 50
and 75 cents, $1 and $1 25 to 25 cents each
Heavy-weight Overshirts, worth $1, for 63 cents
Ladies' Kid Shoes, square toe, St. Louis patent leather tip.$1 7**;
Ladies' French Kid Hand-turned Shoes, John Foster's make, re
duced from $7 50 to $3 45
Men's Lace Shoes, medium weight, square toe and tip.. .$1 15
Misses' Pebble-goat Spring-heel Shoes, square toe and tip.. .$1
HALE BROS. & CO.,
Nos. 825, 827, 829, 831, 833, 835 K St., and 1026 Ninth St.,
J^ONLY THREE DAYS MORE!
Monday the Eighth Day.
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT.
Still a very large quantity of Fine Woolen
Dress Materials on the shelves that must go out
before the sale is over. We have taken down
one hundred pieces at $1 2S and $1 a yard, and
offer them for 69 CENTS a yard.
FANCY GOODS DEPARTMENT
Is and has been the constant center of the crowds,
and, indeed, many are the attractions.
On MONDAY we appear with an entire new
priee list of final reductions, and a staff of twenty
salesladies will attend to buyers on this line. Be
sure to call here, as all goods to be sacrificed are
on this side of the house.
Children's White Nainsook Slips and Dresses,
Skirts, etc., at heavy reductions. These are put
on special sale by request of many customers.
Corner Fifth and J Streets,
SACRAMENTO, ~ - CALIFORNIA.
CHAS. P. HALL Proprietor aud Manager
RETURN OF THE FAVORITES.
Monday, January 12th —For One Night Only I
Tho management respectfully announces
the return of the popular comedians,
Gus Williams and John T. Kelly,
Assisted by their Great Company, in
TJ jp__sr_D I.—
Note.—The success of the "U and I" Com
pany in San Franeiseo was the greatest, ever
known in the annals of the Bush-street Thea
ter, and their return to Sacramento will no
doubt meet with the entire approval of our
PRICES —50 cents and Sl —No higher.
Seats on sale this (Saturday) morning at 9
THE NEXT ENTERTAINMENT^
Sacramento Lecture Association
WILL BE GIVEN BY MRS. NELLA
BROWN-POND (Elocutionist). Boston,
and LIDA J. ROW (Pianist), at the CON.
Monday Eveniug, January 12, IS9I.
The engagement promise,", to be one 01' the
best of the season. Programmes will be dis.
Season Tickets (five numbers), 81. For sale
at Houghton's and Hammers. [8.C.) JaIOStSM
"FETE OF _NATIONS! "
AT CLUNIE OPERA HOUSE.ONE WEEK,
commencing TUESDAY EVENING, Jan
uary 13th. Unique attractions, which cannot
fall to please. ja«,lO.n,ri.'3
Grand Free for all Billiard Tournament,
CAFE ROYAL BILLIARD ROOM,
Mondav Evening, December 15, ISftO.
TTINTRANCE, §25, MR. GAMBLE TO ADD
ll 8100. Games to be 250 points up, straight
three-ball game. Names entered to date are:
H. D. Gamble. Chas. T. O'Neill, Ralph Lock
hart, S. S. Beede and Edward C. Roeder.
Eeede and Roeder are conceded the odds of 100
points. Win. Eberhardt has presented a beau
til'ully-polished eano made from wood taken
from Sutter's Fort.
H. D. GAMBLE, Proprietor.
s _■_ a t 1 isr a-
At Old Pavilion.
J 7l VERY AFTERNOON 1 AND EVENING.
_ Music every Wednesday and Saturday
"veiling. G. H. STAUFF, Proprietor.
. nlg-lm '
EANCffiG- CLASSES AT TURNER HALL. &~
CHILDREN'S CLASS SATUR- fiyA
) DAY, at 2 o'clock. Gentlemen's _s_a_
Class, MONDAY, at 7:30p."_. Les- fffrM.
sons, 50 cents. Indies'and Gentle- ttJL__S
men's Class, TUESDAY. FIPPw
PBI VATE LKSSI INS at all hours. mfibjmfci
olti-tf JONES, FISCH it WATSON. s^^iJS"?
—BY ORDER OF—
Matt. T. Johnson, Administrator of tho
Estate of Ed. M. Martin, deceased,
THURSDAY, JANUARY 15, 1891,
At 10 o'clock a. sr.
At Late Residence, No. 603 I street,
COMPRISING IN part:
FINE WALNUT MARBLF-TOP CHAM
ber Suit. Body Brussels Carpets, Pictures,
Loonge, ( hairs, One Chiflbnier, Hall Tree, Side
board, Desks, Iron Safe, Dining-room and
Kitchen Utensils (including a tine Gas Stove,
flne Table Linen, Etc.
Sale positive. Terms cash.
W. H. SHERBURN, Auctioneer.
%$t PROBATE SALE.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN. THAT IN
pursuance of an order of the Superior
Court of the county of Sacramento, State of
California, made on the 2d dav of Januarv,
1891, in the matter of the esta'te of JAMES
E VGAN, deceased, the undersigned. George
W. Harlow, administrator of said deceased,
will si-il at public auction, to the highest bid
der, for cash, on
"Wednesday, January 14, 1891,
At 11 o'clock a. jr., at the stable premises of
said James Eagan, deceased, in the town of
Gait, in said Sacramento county, the following
personal property, to wit: 1 chestnut sorrel
stallion, John Bull stock, aged about (i years:
1 dapple grey stallion, Percheron stock, aged
about 8 years; 1 sorrel brood-mare, aged about
5 years; 1 dark brown Arno stallion, aged
about 4 years; 1 bay horse, aged 10 years; 1
sorrel tilly, aged about 3 years; 1 dark brown
colt, aged about 2 years; 1 cart; 1 thimble
skein farm wagon; 2 sets single harness; 1 set
double harness; 1 lot of hay. Terms of Sale
—Cash. GEORGE W. HARLOW,
Administrator of the estate of James Eagan,
~BELL & CO.,
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants',
1009-1011 J Stroet.
Rsgnlar Salesflays - - - Weflnesflays aM SaTarflaYS.
OUR NEW STOCK IS NOW AT HIND AND
OPEN FOR INSPECTION.
WE OFFER A SPECIAL LINE OF
Novelties in New Designs and Colorings
Not to be Found Elsewhere.
*3- Paper Hanging and Decorating by skill
ed workmen at reasonable rates.
Whittier, Fuller & Co.,
1016 and IQIS Second street. s!7-tf
PLAZA CASH GROCERY
HOECKEL 4 CO., Proprietors,
Choice Teas and Coffee.
LOOK AT OUR BARGAINS:
GlltlEdgoJßntter a.t|7sc_pcr roll. "ZZ
Fresh Ranch Butter at 55c per roll.
Fresh Itaneh Eggs at 30c per dozen.
"We aro still selling that flno lot of
Honey at lOc per eonib.
Give os a trial. We arc sure to suit ft*.
Bulk Teas and Coffee a specialty
LAWTON, BARNETT & CO.'
Insurance, Loans Negotiated, Houses io Rent, collections.
BI 4Q3 J -street. Sacramonto, Cal.
A. M. SMITH,
Plumber and Gas Fitter, 412 J street
A FULL LINE OF OAS FIXTURES, FINE
Gloves and Plumbers' Supplies. Agent for
the celebrated Clevel and Hydraulie Beef
Pump. All orders promptly attended to. Tele.
phone No. 143.
~CAImoN? against fraud.
IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OB"
Thomas Harridan, deceased, now pending
in the Probate Court, no llnal account has ere*
been marie nor no ftnal settlement as yet.
MARGRET HAKRIGAN, executrix and ad
TODEND'SOTinE-PEOPLE'S SAYIKfiS UUT
\ DIVIDEND HAS BEEN DECLARED
JL Tl by the People's; Sarins! Lank for the term,
cnditig December 31,1800, at the rate of llvo
and one-third (s)£) Jpcr cent, per annum otf
term deposits, and lour (4) per cent, per an«
num on ordinary deposit*, payable JAN (J*
ARY 6,1891. G. W. LORENZ, Cashier.