Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXXI.-XO. 44.
"OUT OF SIGHT."
The Southern California Orange
Carnival a Great Success.
TWENTY - TWO.ITHOUSAND PEOPLE
ATTEND THE OPENING.
Hiicagroans Bewildered at tlio Sight
Whleh Presented Itself on Entering
the Mammoth Exposition Building-
Then the Warmth of tho Evening
Called Attention to tho '•Glorious
Climate of California."
Special to the Record-Union.
Chicago, April 13.—T0 use a popular
expression, the Southern California
Orange Carnival is ''out of sight." To
night was the opening night, and no less
than twenty-two thousand people were
crowded into the southern end ofthe old
Exposition building, in which tho ex
hibit was displayed. The attendance sur
passed the expections of the managers
of the affair and was certainly a surprise
to the many people who were turned
away from the doors, unable to gain ad
The fair undoubtedly scored a tre
mendous hit in Chicago, and the attend
ance for the remainder of the stay will
undoubtedly be very large. Five hun
dred thousand oranges, deftly grouped,
iirranged and constructed into forms and
structures never before seen in this citj',
beamed on tho throng, which good-na
turedly jostled, shoulder to shoulder,
through the evening, which was, if any
thing, too warm for the season, and inci
dentally called attention to the "glorious
climate of I 'alifornia."
The Chicago members of the Western
Association of California Pioneers, sixty
in number, attended the exhibition in a
body, accompanied by the Second Regi
ment Hand, which during the evening
rendered a splendid programme to the
edification ofthe great throng assembled.
The old pioneers brought with them
many young folks to whom they dis
coursed ofthe glorious land beyond the
Sierras and its possibilities.
The view on entering the building was
a beautiful one, and the perfume of fruits
and flowers combined to make an
entrancing effect. Oranges, of course,
form the chief part ofthe exhibits, but
tlu 36 are supplemented and combined in
a very artistic and pleasing manner with
lemons, citnuis. dates, nuts, palm trees
and branches <>f banana trees, pampas
grass and plumes, calls lillies, bam
boos, guava trees, and other trop
ical and semi-tropical products of that
wonderfully productive state.
Among the exhibits is that of Pomona,
in which are used identically the same
collection of beautiful oranges which took
the prize at Los Angeles. Pasadena's
tower, topped with pampas plumes, rises
f. a bight of fifty leet. San Gabriel is
represented by a model of its ancient
mission building. Los Angeles by the
representation of its Court-house* Or
ange by an exhibit in the shape of an ar
bor fifteen feet in diameter, and there are
many other interesting but less preten
The display that attracts the most atten
tion is that from San Diego, the scene it
represents being the noted bay of San
Liego. The water of the bay Es depicted
With a great level expanse, literally a sea
oforanges. The scene represents the bay
at sunset, and the different tints of water
under rays of declining sun are portrayed
in vast expanse of oranges by the differ
ent colored fruit. The shading is superb
and the effect wonderful, when the mate
rials, nothing but oranges, are considered.
Besides these prominent attractions,
which drew forth many exclamations of
wonder and praise from the visitors,
there were many smaller but handsome
designs and groupings of frnit and flow
ers, which Berved to make harmonious
the w hole of the exhibit.
The Pasadena tower, a street-car from
Ontario, tower of nuts from Rivera and
all the other heavy attractions were sur
rounded all night by a surging throng,
which apparently could not get enough
ofthe novelties. Everybody came away
tired, but greatly pleased, and vowing
that such an exhibition has never been
i-een in (.hicago.
of the fair are greatly
pleased. Both the city Council and
County Board to-night adopted a reso
lution to attend the carnival to-morrow
night in a body.
SEQUOIA PARK RESERVATION.
The BOlitary AVill be Instructed to
Remove All Settlers.
WasHTNOTOX, April 13.—Land Com
missioner farter said to-day that in all
probability the military on taking pos-
Bession of the sequoia Park Reservation
on the tirst of May, would be given in
structions to remove the settlers who,
rding to the recent decision of the
Secretary ofthe Interior, are on the park
rvation unlawfully. This, according
to his estimate, will affect about four
fifths ofthe members of the Kaweah Col
He added that possibly the colonists
would be given orders to remove about
the first ol May, or, should it appear to be
a hardship and they want one or two
months' time, the department would be
incline,! to give it to them, as above all
thine-s, it is desired to extend them as
mu< -v ss possible, bnt at the
same time protect the park.
z asked if the colonists would be
allowed to raise crops this year on the
lands they occupied, the Commissioner
replied: ' Parks are not for agricultural
purposes, l believe.*'
rights of those making homestead
entries in the park reservation will soon
be investigated by special agents, and the
Situation known. Should
they be found there legally, it is thought
that the Secretary ofthe Interior will rec
ommend that Congress take such steps as
are necessary to remove them, and thus
'"''' : tiers from the park reserva
CONTRACT AI.IKN LABOR.
Gross Violations of the Law Discovered
CHICAGO, April 13.—Special Immigra
tion Agent Lester at Springfield arrived
here to-day. He is preparing B volumin
ous rep. :t for Secretary Poster. "I have
just returned from i hnalia," said lie. "and
I can promise you a Sensation in the
course of ten day s. I have been making
investigations there and bave evidence
lhat the contract alien labor law has been
and is being grossly violated. Certain
laree concerns there employ a large num
ber of men and have been importing alien
laborers in direct defiance of the law. it
will bea big surprise, as the concerns im
plicated are known all over the world and
bave a reputation for honesty that has
been unquestioned. There are also sev
eral other cities where investigation has
proved the law is being violated. Hut in
no place are the cases so flagrant as in
determined land Milium,
An Armed Force Terrific* People In
Washington, April 13.—Commissioner
Carter, of the General Land Ofliee, bas
received information that great excite
ment exists among tho people in the
vicinity of the lands in northern Wis
consin along the line of tho Chicago, St.
Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha, which
will he opened to homestead settlement
At Ashland, it is said, a crowd of armed
men formed a circle around tho local
Land Office and threatened to shoot auy
one who attempts to break the lino or in
any way tries to forestall tbem iv tiling
necessary application papers.
Commissioner Carter, in sneaking of
the matter to-day, said these hostile dem
onstrations would work only hardship to
the persons engaged in them, for uo one
would be permitted to acquire rights
under the land laws by force of arms or
The lands are said to be valuable for
their timber, many quarter sections be
ing worth from $5,000 to $10,000.
TIIE DIRECT TAX.
Many States Will Not Realize the
Amount of Tlielr Contribution.
Washington, April 13.—Many States
that expected to realize the entire amount
of their contributions to the direct tax are
to be disappointed. A* scrutiny of the
Refunding Act by the First Comptroller
has satisfied him that the United States
Government may claim offsets against all
states wherein the tax was not collected
from the individuals directly by tho Gov
He has been searching the records for
such offsets, and here are some he has al
ready discovered on accounts of quotas,
ammunition etc., overissued up to 1887:
California, 18,110; Georgia, $4,229; Illi
nois, $17,807: Michigan, §5,03,.; Minne
sota, 85,331; Oregon. $2,472; Virginia, 16,
--507; Wisconsin, $5,201; New Mexico, $5,
--400; Washington, $3,085.
Had the old law continued in force, any
of these States might have made its ac
erunt square by diminishingthe amounts
ol their requisitions, but after the new
militia law of 18S7 passed, this course
could not have been pursued.
Crelsrer Gains a Few Votes According:
to tho Commissioners' Count.
CHICAGO, April 18.—The Board of Elec
tion Commissioners this morning re
sumed the official canvass of the votes
east at the last election. The First Ward
was canvassed Saturday, and the board
to-day took up the Second Ward. When
completed the two precincts were subject
to later revision. The result for Mayor
compared with the police returns made
on the night ofthe election showed again
of four for Creiger (Dem.), and losses of
seventeen by Hempstead Washburne
!l-tj).), sixty by Elmer Washburne (Citi
zens , and thirty-four by Harrison (Ind.
Dem.). The only change iv the Third
Ward was a gain of one vote by Morgan
i Social ist |. The only change in the Fourth
Ward was a loss of thirteen votes by
Lively Movement in Evaporated Apri
cots and Peaches in the East.
New York, April 13.—A lively move
ment in California evaporated apricots
and peaches the past few days inspires
the belief that the market is getting into
better form. Philadelphia figured as
buyers and sellers and is quoted as ex
pressing a strong belief that all the old
stock on hand in the East will be needed
before the new season comes around, and
prices are more likely to advance than
move in the other direction. Prunes and
raisins aro also reported as more active.
The commercial journals note the sale
of California tangerines here last week as
a novelty. They jobbed at $2 50 per box
and attracted much interest among the
Five Men Drowned.
St. Loirs, April 13.—This afternoon a
boat with twelve young men aboard
started from the Missouri side of the
river to cross at East St. Louis. When
about three-quarters of the way over the
boat ran into an eddy and was capsized.
Five of the hoys were drowned, the
others being rescued with great difficulty.
Following is the list of those drowned:
John Boars, John McMahon, Adam
Brust, Jack O'Connor and Robert Guian,
all of St. Louis.
Death of Count Lewcnhaupt.
Wn.MiNdTox (Del.), April 13.—Count
Lewcnhaupt, member of a noble family of
,Sweden, who married Miss Elleu, young
est daughter of ex-Secretary of State
Bayard, the 2d of this month, died this
The Count died suddenly at his home in
this city this morning. His illness was
short and no one outside the immediate
family was aware that his life was in peril
until the news of his death was announced.
PrrrsßtJKO, April 13.—The west-bound
passenger train for Cleveland, Ohio, ran
into a landslide at Vanport, Pa., twenty
five miles west from here early this morn
ing, derailing the locomotive, baggage
and mail cars. The engineer and fireman
were so badly scalded that they will die.
Others were only slightly hurt.
A dispatch from Beaver, Pa., says that
only three persons were injured, one of
whom will die.
A Man and Ills "Wife Murdered.
Lancaster (Pa.), April 13.—1n Cecil
County, Md., near the Pennsylvania line,
early this morning, Granvillo Richards
and wife were fatally shot by two men
who had gained admittance to their room.
The murderers escaped. Richards was
connected with the Custom House in Bal
Roanoke (Va.), April 13.—Alexander'
Foots, a negro, who murdered J. J.
Meadows, at Minefield, W. Va., Tuesday
morning, was taken from the jail at
Princeton, Mercer County, Va., and
hanged to a tree.
Mothers as Match-makers.
There is a kind of match-making which
it is a mother's duty to attempt, writes
Amelia K. Batr, in the y_.»</_w Hbme
Jnurual. Hut it has strict limitations, it
resolves itself into the simple duty of in
troducing U> ber daughter young men
whose moral character is good, who are in
a position to marry, and who, physically,
are not likely to repel her. The young
people may then safely be left to their
own instincts. There should be no at
tempt to coerce; no moral foroe used to
make even S suitable marriage; though
extremities may lawfully be used to pre-
Vent an evil marriage. A mother's match
making really begins while her
daughter's education is in progress. And
it is one of the strangest of facts, that
mothers generally force this education in
the direction of those qualities likely to
amuse youn« men—music, daniing, sing
ing, dressing, playing games, chaffing
wittily, etc. Now, such attractions are
likely to procure plenty of flirtation; but
young men rarely marry the girls they
tlirt with. And why do not mothers con
sider, most of all, that approaching period
in their daughters 9 lives when they will,
or ought to, cease being made love to?
Why should the preparation for young
ladyhood absorb all the girl's education?
How: many curriculum** contain any ar
rangement for education for wifehood or
parenthood? Yet, what man wishes to
pass ins iif t » with a woman whose only
charm is the power to amuse him? He
might as wisely dine every day upon
The first theater in the United States
was at Williamsburg, Va., iv ITo-,
SACBAMENTO, TUESDAY MORNING, ATBII. 14, IS9I.
THE ITALIAN CONTROVERSY.
Blame Has Not Answered Rudini's
OFFICIAL FACTS AWAITED FROM
Tho Military to be Stationed at the
Sequoia Park .Reservation Will
Probably be Instructed to Remove
All Settlers From tho Grounds—
President Harrison Appoints E. H.
Xeboeker of Indiana as United
Special to the Record-Uniox.
Washington, April 13.—But two facts
could be added to-day to the public stock
of information respecting the diplomatic
entanglement with Italy, growing out of
the New Orleans tragedy.
One of theso was that the State Depart
ment has not received any intimation
from the Italian Government that their
last note must be answered before a given
date, nor is such an intimation expected,
tor the department feels that it is acting
properly, and it would be a very unusual
course for a nation engaged in diplomatic
negotiations to question the motives upon
which the correspondence proceeded.
The second fact is that Secretary
Blame's answer to the Marquis di Ru
dini's last note, has not yet been for
warded. It was probably the Secretary's
purpose to accompany the reply with an
official statement touching the nationality
of the New Orleans victims, and other
tacts that were expected from the official
Department of Justice in New Orleans.
These reports have not yet reached Wash
ington. Unless the Secretary is prepared
to send the letter without these facts, it is
not likely to go forward immediately.
THE SITUATION AT ROME.
Rome, April 13.—Up to noon to-day it
has been impossible to learn anything
lurther concerning the report that the
Italian Cabinet had decided to request
United States .Minister Porter to leave
Rome in case no reply to Premier Rudi
ni's last note was received from Secretary
Blame by to-morrow. Officials are reti
cent and journalists are unable to secure
definite confirmation or denial. At the
American Legation nothing could be
learned. Minister Porter has heard noth
ing except what lie has read in the psess.
In well-informed circles the prevailing
opinion, as nearly as one can gather, is
that tho Premier will not proceed to ex
tremities at this juncture.
THP: TAIHFF ACT.
Important Ruling Relating to Duties
on Mixed Goods.
Washington, April 13.—The United
States Supreme Court to-day affirmed the
judgments of the Circuit Courts of Illinois
and New York, in the customs cases of
Seeberger, Collector of Customs at
Chicago, against Farwell and others, and
Magone, Collector of New York, against
Edward Luckmeyer,regarding the proper
rate of duty under the Act of 188.':. on im
portations of woolen dress goods in which
a very slight amount of cotton is mixed.
in order to lower the classification of the
The Tariff" Act of 1883 provided that
dress goods composed in part only of
wool should pay a duty of five cents per
yard and 35 per cent, ad valorem and
where composed wholly of wool should
pay 9 cents per yard and 40 per cent, ad
valorem. Importers, so as to secure a
lower classification, introduced from __ to
6 per cent, of cotton into the warp ofthe
goods. Evidence showed the cotton
could not be detected except on very
expert inspection, and that it cost as
much if not more to manufacture goods
with these cotton threads than if made
wholly of wool.
The Collector according imposed the
duty under the classification for all
woolen goods. The lower courts hold,
and this court sustained their decisions,
that as Congress did not make any pro
vision as to what amount of cotton must
lx. in the goods in order to secure a lower
duty, the importers had a right to
mix any quantity of cotton, no matter
how small, in order to secure lower
.Justice Blatchford read the opinion,
and Justices Brown and Gray dissented.
Tho court in the case of E. P. Mason
and others against Robertson, Collector,
held that bichromate of soda is dutiable
at 25 per cent, ad valorem, and not at
three cents per pound, under the provsi
ions for bichromate of potash, as held by
Huston's I test gnat ion.
Washington, April 13.—The letter
from United States Treasurer Huston,
resigning his position, and the President's
acceptance of the same, dated April 13th,
wero made public to-day. The resigna
tion takes effect upon the appointment
and qualification of Huston's BUCOessor.
Nebeker, who, it is understood, will suc
ceed Huston as Treasurer, caller! at the
White House this morning and had a talk
with the President.
The President late tliis afternoon ap
pointed Enos H. Nebecker, of Indiana,
United States Treasurer, vice Huston, re
Pension Commissioner Raum 111.
Chicago, April Ift flUMfll Raum,
Commissioner of Pensions, is seriously
ill at the Grand Pacific Hotel. Be has
been ailing for several weeks with a cold
and symptoms of the grip. He came to
t'hi.-ago a short time ago in hopes that Un
rest would build him up. He has. how
ever, not improved, and this morning
was very ill.
W \shin<-Ton, April 13.— W. J. Ed
brooke of Chicago has been appointed
Supervising Architect ofthe Treasury.
An Attempt to be Made to Foreo For
eign Products Out ofthe Market.
New York, April 13.—Reports have
been current for some days on the sugar
market that a combination had been
formed between the sugar trust, all East
ern refiners and tho Wholesale Grocers'
Association to acquire complete control
of the sugar trade. It is known that ne
gotiations havo been pending between
the independent refiners, the sugar trust
and the wholesale dealers to handle all
sugar relined in this country ami boycott
tho relined sugars of foreign countries.
So far the deal has resulted ouly in an as
sociation of refiners.
It is stated to-day that Claus Spreekels,
E. C. Knight, Harrison A- Frazer and all
independent sugar refiners have entered
into an agreement with the trust to work
in harmony with its managers, and pro
duce only their pro rata share of the en
tire production, which will bo limited to
sales made in advance by the wholesale
One ofthe largest sugar dealers in the
city said in reference to the agreement:
"The refiners are now making a profit
of only one-fifteenth of a cent per pound
ou sugar handled by tbem. Tbey are re-
stricted to this profit because at three
eighths cents per pound between the cost
of refining and the selling price, foreign
beet sugar would come to market in such
quantities as to prevent tue placing of
the product ofthe American refiners.
"To-day telegrams were r< ce> ved asking
for the quotations in Germ..i beet sugar,
and that article, favored as it is by a high
bounty to the producer from the German
Government, is looming up promptly as
a menace to the refining busiuoss here.
The will be no attempt to boycott it, how
ever, but tho individual refiners and the
trust, acting together, will take whatever
steps they deem necessary to prevent it,
or any other foreign refined sugar finding
a market here."
New Phase in the Controversy Between
the Alton and Eastern Lines.
Chicago, April 13.—A new phase ofthe
controversy between the Alton and East
ern lines on the commission question is
introduced in a circular issued today by
the Passenger Department of the Alton.
It is addressed to all connections, and
contains all tho correspondence on the
An interesting feature is a copy of a let
ter signed by General Solicitor Brown of
the Alton, declaring that, in his opinion,
a number of railway companies have no
legal right to combine together and take
concerted action to interrupt business of
tho Alton as a penalty or its refusal to
enter into any contract with them—such
a combination amounts in law to a con
He suggests that it will be well for the
management to notify each boycotting
line of the purpose of the Alton*to hold
them legally responsible for the conse
quences of their action. General Passen
ger Agent Charlton notified them, accord
ingly, that they will be held responsible
for any damage which may result.
It remains to be seen what the Eastern
roads have to say to this argument.
It is rumored in railroad circles that the
Missouri Pacific will not be represented
at the meeting of tho Advisory Board of
the Western Traffic Association to-mor
row, as Jay Gould is in the Southwest
and Vice-President Clark is in Oregon.
If the meeting is ignored by this company
it can mean nothing else ihan a dissolu
tion of the association at even an earlier
date than was generally predicted. The
charges of rate cutting recently made
against the Missouri Pacific were to be
investigated at this meeting.
The trial of Eduardo Friediana, for the
murder of his wife, was yesterday, in
Department One of the Superior Court,
continued till May 11th.
The Improvement Association was to
have held a meeting last evening, but
thero was not a quorum present, and no
business was transacted.
Deputy Sheriff" Costello of San Fran
cisco has taken to tho Folsom Prison
Frank Harris, sentenced to fifteen years'
imprisonment for robbery.
W. I). Sanborn of San Francisco hps
been appointed Aide-de-Camp on the
staff of Governor Markham, Commander
in-Chief of the National Guard.
There is a prospect of something soon
being done toward the improvement of
Sutter's Fort. C. E. Grunsky, of the
Board of Commissioners, is "about to
make preliminary surveys of tho prop
erty for that purpose.
If the proper steps be not taken soon to
have the dangerous sidewalk on the
northeast corner of Twelfth and P streets
removed or repaired, somebody will be
laid up with a broken leg and there will
be a suit for damages.
City Engineer Mullaney was last even
ing made the recipient of a useful and
valuable instrument used in his profes
sion. The presentation was made by
some of his young friends and took place
in City Auditor Young's office.
Promising Outlook for tho Capital
Turf Club's Meetine: in May.
An informal meeting of tho Directors
of the Capital Turf Club was held last
evening at the Golden Eagle Hotel.
President J. W. Wilson stated that a re
port from the Canvassing Committee was
of particular importance, as it would
tend to show the financial status of the
organization for the coming meeting.
Secretary C. H. Todd reported that the
committee had met with every encour
agement, and thus far, with but a limited
territory covered, §2,."»00 had been sub
The Secretary was instructed to invite
bids for pool-selling.
The Directors will meet again on Fri
day evening, when all tho entries will be
considered for the several events of the
Thomas T_. Joy on Trial on a Charge of
Having; Depleted It.
The ease of Thomas L. Joy, or Lovejoy,
of Folsom, was on trial yesterday in De
partment One of the Superior Court. Joy
is accused of having taken $80 from a man
named Kelly. Tho allegation is that Joy
asked Kelly, who was sick abed, for a
half-dollar; that tho latter handed him a
shot-bag with considerable money in it;
that Joy took therefrom the sum of §N>,
returned the sack and left.
The prosecution is being conducted by
District attorney Ryan and Deputy Puck
ley, and the defense by Charles T*. JonSS.
A large number of tho"citizens of Folsom
are in attendance as witnesses. The cast
will probably becoucluded this forenoon.
An Experiment In Acoustics.
Take a common tuning-fork, strike it,
and hold it (when in vibration) about
three or four inches from the oar, with
tho tlat side toward it, when tho sound
will be distinctly heard; let a strip of
card, Somewhat longer than the Hat of
the tuning-fork, be Interposed St about
half an inch from the fork, ami the sound
will be almost completely Intercepted:
and if the card be alternately removed
and replaced inquiek succession.alternat
ing sound and silence will be produced,
proving that sound waves will not turn
corners around the card', so readily as
they will travel iv a Straight line, "in
deed, to bo oonvine.d of this lad, you
have only to listen lo the sound of a
carriage turning a corner from the street
in which you happen to be into an ad
joining one. Even whore there is no
obstacle In the way sounds are by no
means equally audible in all directions
from the sounding body, as you may as
certain by holding a vibrating tuning
fork or pitch-pipe near your ear and
turning it quickly on its axis.
A Cordial Reception.
One Sunday, during high mass at 12, in
the chapel of the little village of Glen
garitl, ihree ladies of the Protestant faith
were obliged to take shelter from one of
those heavy summer showers which so
frequently oolor in the south of Ireland.
The officiating priest, knowing who they
were and wishing to appear respectful to
them, stooped down to his attendant, or
clerk, who was on his knees, and whis
fered to him : "Three chairs for the
'rotestant ladies." The clerk, being an
ignorant man. mistook the words, stood
up and shouted to the congregation:
"Throe cheers for tho Protestant ladies!"
which the congregation Immediately took
up and gave three hearty cheers," while
the clergyman actually stood dumb
The amount of (Canada's imports from
the United States in ISS9 wa»55d,368,980,
of which f21,737,6_8 was on the free list •
the imports from Great Britain in the
samo year amounted to 9*2^249,555 of
which $10,097,722 was admitted free.
Two White Emigrants Murdered
by Indians in Idaho.
A POSSE OP DETERMINED MEN IN
Tho Postoffice at r>eer Creek Palls,
Wash., Robbed and Shortly After-
Ward Burned to tho Ground—The
Funeral of Ex-Governor Waterman
to be Held at nis Residence ln San
Diego This Afternoon.
Special to the Recokd-Uniox.
B lack foot (Idaho), April 13.— Great
excitement was caused this afternoon
over the killing by Indians of two un
known white emigrants who were en
camped a mile below this place. Nothing
could be learned as to the cause of the
tragedy. Their bodies were found by a
party of men, and a number of Indians
were seen taking to tho hills east of here.
Business is suspended and the citizens
are up in arms. About 100 armed and
mounted men have left the city to de
mand the surrender of the guilty parties.
Should the Indians refuse, trouble ia sure
to follow, as the posse are all determined
men. The Governor and Adjutant-Gen
eral havo been telegraphed in regard to
His Funeral "Will Take Place In San
San Diego, April 13.—The city showed
many visible signs of mourning to-day
over the death of ex-Governor Water
man. Elags on the Court-house, City
Hall and private dwellings were Hying at
half-mast, and the Superior Courts ad
journed out of respect to the dead.
The funeral services will bo held at his
lato residence at 2:30 to-morrow after
noon, and will be as simple as possible.
Rev. F. B. McDaniel of the Unitarian
Church and Rev. -Mr. Morrill of the Con
gregational Church will officiate.
The following well-known citizens will
act as pall-bearers: General Ely H. Mur
ray, Judge G. W. Putterbaiigh, Judge
J. W. Works, Judge W. L. Pierce, Judge
Gibson, Bryant Howard, S. Levi, C. B.
Richards, S. M. Marshal, Captain A. R.
Maryea, J. Allison, Levi Chase, Judge H.
M. Willis, Judge C. W. C. Rowell, Mayor
Gunn, E. S. Babcock and George Lord.
The interment will be at Mount Hope.
During the day telegrams of sympathy
were received by the family from the State
office and the Governor's many friends.
Expressions of sympathy were also re
ceived from Governor Markham, Ad
jutant-General Allen, Columbus Bartlett,
the San Diego Society of Pioneers, Dr. A.
E. Osborne and many others.
proclamation* by tue governor.
San Francisco, April 13.—Governor
Markham issued the following proclama
tion this evening:
"In common with the people of the
State generally, the news has reached me
ofthe sudden death of Hon. Robert W.
Waterman, ex-Governor of this State.
He had been identified with California
from a very early period and has assisted
very materially in the development of her
material resources. By his death his
family lose an indulgent and loving hus
band and father, and the State an honored
"In recognition, therefore, of the high
station in the service of the State to which
he had been called, I, 11. H. Markham,
Governor of the State of California, do
hereby recommend that the flags on all
public buildings of the State be placed at
half mast for a period of thirty days, and
that the offices at the State Capitol be
closed on the day of his funeral."
Yesterday's Rain Genoral Throughout
Auburn, April 13. —It commenced
raining about midnight last night, and
it has been raining steadily ever since.
The rainfall up to the present storm is
21.51 inches; last Mason to date it was
Santa Maria, April 13. —It com
menced raining; '«t BtSO this morning. The
advantages to this section are indiscriba
Newman, April 13.—Rain commenced
at 5 o'clock this morning, and up to 9
o'clock .27 of an inch had fallen. (.Jrain
looks well, and a few more spring rains
will insure a good crop.
Petauma. April 13.—1t commenced
raining again about S o'clock this morn
ing, aud several showers it'll this fore
noon. About half an inch of rain has
failen for the storm, and 14.75 inches for
T____CT, April 13.—About 2 o'clock this
morning hail began to fall and continued
for abOOf lifteen minutes steadily. It has
rained .44 Off an inch hero in the last
twenty-four hours, and from present In
dications we will have more to-night.
Lath nor, April 13.—Heavy showers
hare fallen at intervals, owing to the
Southern Pacific rain gauge being dis
mantled, they are una!>le to state the
downpour, but it is computed at two
inches for tho week. The season's rain
fall is s.st inches. Last season it was
20.72. The prosj.eets for heavy crops are
LOOKS LIKE MURDER.
A Woman Found Dead Vnder Sus
Bas Fmamcuoo, April IS.—A woman
moved into a store at I3M Stockton street
about two weeks ago, but on Monday
last she disappeared. To-day her dead
hotly was ibund in a cellar under the
store. The only entrance to the cellar i.s a
trap door, an 1 ou this was found a heavy
stone. The supposition is that the woman
was murdered, but there were now oinuis
On the body. In the store were found a
large number Of second-hand household
articles and several dogs, eats and birds.
None of the neighbors knew her name,
but on one photograph of the dead woman
wan written Mrs. Baileof Denmark.
The neighborhood stato that on Mon
day morning the woman had a violent
quarrel with a young man who visited
| her. Suddenly the quarrel ceased and
the man left the house. The police are
A Chinaman Killed While Attempting
to Groan In Front ot a Train.
Stockton, April 13.—A Chinese gar
dener, employed about two miles from
this city, while coming to town this even
ing, was struck by a train from the south
and instantly killed. He was a-toot, antl
attempted to erase the track ahead of the
engine, which was coming very fast, and
jnst entering the city limits. The China
man Mas shouted toby a negro, hut paid
no heed to tho alarm, and when on the
the track seemed to stop an instant, as if
His brains were knocked out and his
body thrown about twenty-tive feet.
The rainfall here early this morning
I and during tlie day measured .23 of an
inch, making one inch for the month,
which adds to tho happiness of the farm
ers. It is raining to-night in showers.
Footpads were busy here last night,
three robberies being reported. In one
case a man was knocked down and his
pockets rifled, while another was relieved
of a watch and a few dollars. The third
case Is doubted by the officers.
CALIFORXLA. PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Arrangements Completed for Enter
taining tho Members at X'apa.
Napa, April 13.—Arrangements are
completed for entertaining tho California
Press Association, which will commence
its semi-annual session here to-morrow
The programme is as follows: Tuesday
ovening, address of welcome and literary
exercises in the Opera House; Wednes
day morning, business session of the as
sociation, and in the afternoon the citi
zens will drive the members about town
and to various points of interest in the
vicinity; Wednesday ovening, address
by VY. H. Mills, and this will be followed
by a banquet. Thursday will be spent in
an excursion through the valley, spend
ing some time in St. Helena for lunch.
Tho local committee having the matter
in charge is sparing no pains to make tho
meeting a success.
The Trustees Elected Said to Favor
Petai.tma, April 13.—The annual elec
tion for city officers came oil' here to-day.
Seven hundred and twenty-eight votes
wero polled. F. M. Collins was re-elected
City Marshal, and B. H. Higbee was re
elected Treasurer; City Trustees aro all
non-partisan, but are claimed as in favor
of low license to retail liquor dealers—
William Avers, Joseph Bowen, aud M.
O'Reilly. School Trustees—.James Sing-
Icy, J. W. Hoag, and William Zartman;
Recorder, Murray Wliall. and Assessor,
C. E. Polk. The election was exceedingly
quiet, and notwithstanding a drizzling
rain, there was a good turn out.
San Francisco, April 13.—Yoris Blue,
late Sergeant of Company B, Ninth
United States Infantry, stationed at
Whipple Barracks, was suffocated by gas
at the Brooklyn Hotel this morning. He
retired after a night of dissipation and
turned out the gas in a bungliug way, so
although the flame was extinguished the
noxious vapor still escaped. When dis
covered, about 7 o'clock, Blue was nearly
dead, and before the police ambulance ar
rived he was beyond aid. His body was
removed to the morgue. He enlisted as
a private in I£SO for five years and was
discharged April Oth. He had a ticket
already purchased for Now York, and
his purse contained about §400 in coin
Three Burglars Arrested.
Merced, April 13.—A gang of robbers
wero captured at Morced Falls yester
day. They have been operating in
Merced, Mariposa and Fresno Counties.
When arrested they had horses, wagons,
stoves and household furniture in their
possession belonging to people of the
threo counties. The robbers went to the
Falls about a month ago, rented a houso
and said they were going to start a stock
rauch. Since their arrival three burgla
ries have heen reported and several horses
were stolen. Three of the gang were
arrested. Two were named Hern and
one Silvery. They were taken to Fresno
where they are wanted on a previous
charge. The officers are now after others
ofthe same gang.
Olsen Murder Trial.
Merced, April 13.—The principal testi
mony in tho Olsen case to-day was that
of J. W. Corbes, who said ho traveled
over tho Upper Dry Creek road on tho
evening of November 9th, between G and
7 o'clock, and did not meet Olsen. This
is the road tho defendant claims to have
traveled that evening.
Peter Morgan and H. T. Ogden also
traveled over the same road that evening,
but did not meet Olsen.
Several other witnesses wero exam
ined, and court adjourned until to
Postofflce Robbed and Then Burned.
Deei> Creek Falls (Wash.). April 13.
—Tho postoffice was robbed last night by
two masked men. Shortly afterward the
postolfice and a number oV other build
ings were burned. Loss, ?10,000: insur
Hoeeister (Cal.), April 13.—William
Lauber, an oVI resident of this place, died
suddenly at Tres Pinos this morning.
Ho was employed as manager ofthe Tres
Finos Lumber Yard. The cause of death
was heart disease.
Towi.es, April 13.—Charles Garner was
caught on the shaft in the Towles box
factory to-day and received injuries from
which he died.
THE VEGETABLE FLY.
Buries Itsoir In tlio Ground, Sprouts
ami Grows Into a Tree.
One of the most curious natural pro
ductions of the West Indies is the famed
vegetable lly, an insect about the size and
color of a drone bee, but without wings.
In the month of May it buries itself in
the earth and begins to vegetate. By tho
beginning of .Juno a sprout has issued
from the creature's beok and made its ap
pearance above the surface ofthe ground.
By the end of July the tiny tree I known
on the island as the lly tree) has attainod
its full size, being then about three Inches
high, but a perfect tree in every partic
ular, much resembling a delicate coral
branch. Pods appear on its branches as
soon as it arrives at its full growth; theso
ripen and drop afl in August. Instead
of containing seeds, as one would sup
pose, these pods have from throe to six
small hard worms upon their interior.
The pod s>»on shrivels up in the hot sun
and bursts open on about the third day
after becoming detached from the parent
■tern. The little worms roll out and bury
themselves in the mnd. and, after under
going the change incident to all caterpil
lars, become llies. which, when the proper
time comes, bury themselves in the
ground to furnish nourishment for an
other miniature "lly tree." Dr. Martin
isnne. ofthe Royal institute, who has rc
eeived several boxes of these (lies, upon
which he has made repeated experiments,
gives a long scientific explanation for the
seeming impossibilities attributed to this
Insect, Which is, at best, wholly unsatis
factory to the general reader, even though
his co-workers in that branch of science
may consider it explanatory and conclu
An Indian Challenge.
Two tribes of Indians in the upper part
of California had as boundary between
their districts a low ridgo where the
streams headed. If you should go to
where one of these streams. Potter River,
rises, you would see still standing a tall
pile of stones beside a never-failing
spring; on one side of this cairn was the
territory of the Porno Indians, and on
the other the land of the Chuniaia. Those
tribes were enemies and were often at
war. When the < 'huinaia wished to chal
lenge the others to battle they took three
little sticks, cut notches round their ends
and in the middle, tied them at the ends
into a faggot, and laid them on this cairn.
U the Pomos accepted the challenge they
tied a string around tho middle of the
three sticks and left them iv their place.
I hen agents of both tribes met on neu
tral ground and arranged the time and
place of battle, which took place accord
ingly.— Ernest Ingersoll, iiiiMarch, St.
AVTIOLE NO. 15,442.
Vagabonds Creating All Classes of
Atrocities at Iquique.
GREAT DISTRESS REPORTED ALONO
THE SOUTH COAST.
Hundreds of People Desert tho Ni
trate Works and Cross the Desert
to Iquique—Many Died ou the Road
—Tho Chilean Ministers to tho Ar
gentine Republic and Franco De
clared Traitors by President Balma
Special to the Recokp-Uxion.
Panama (via New York), April 12.—
Mail advices from Ariea state that many
refugees aro coming in from louique.
A correspondent there writes that vaga
bonds are robbing, plundering, murder
ing, violating women anji committing all
classes of atrocities, while incendiaries
aro also engaged in destruction and
The Government of Chile is reported to
bo engaged i v establishing an army
20,000 strong at Tarapaca. The distress
along the South Coast due to the revolu
tion ia appalling.
A correspondent at Lima writes that
400 refugees who arrived on the last
steamer were so destitute that they had
to remain on tlie wharf.
The Commandant at Iquique was
selling Hour at twenty-twe cents
per pound. The fighting "between the
Government forces and the rebels near
Iquique resulted in a victory for tlic lat
ter. About 700 men in all were killed.
A Lima paper published a message
from Iquique received by the English
Minister, saying that tho triumph ofthe
rebels on the 7tl*of March was decisive
and Balmaeeda's troops wero knocked to
Hundreds of people havo ahanttoire<Mho
nitrate works, and, accompanied by their
families, trudged across .the desert to
Iquique. The scene is of a nature which
hardly finds an equal ifi historv-i.r war
Many died on the desert, and their bones
marked for many days tho road to the
now-abandoned nitrate factories.
The Chilean Ministers to the Argentine
and France have been declared traitors
by President Balmaceda.
Premier Rudinl Interviewed Regard
ing tho Triple Alliance.
Rome, April 13.—PremierdDi Rudini,in
an interview to-day in regard to tho
Driebmid held that a renewal of the
triple alliance was of secondary import
ance as compared with tho Constant
agreement with England.
On many occasions, said the Premier
the policy of tho Driebund harmonized
perfectly with the British ideas, yet Lord
Salisbury, for special reasons, had never
adhered to the Driebund treaty. Italy's
renewal of her contract with the allianco
depended on the general situation in
Europe, which was now changing every
ft was difficult to imagine that England
and Italy would remain passive while
war was being waged by Russia and
France against Germany and Austria,
even if the Driebund did not exist.
Igßudini declared that Franco, despite
her excessive armaments, would never
alone wage a war of aggression while the
Driebund continued to act as the safe
guard of Europe. In view of the prevail
ing temper in France, it was perfectly
idle to discuss the question of tho disso
lution of the Driebund.
IN TIIE COMMONS.
The Government Defeated In tho Vote
on Opium Traffic In Inula.
London, April 13.—Government leader
Smith, replying to a question on the sub
ject, announced in tho Commons to-day
that the Government would not advise
the Indian Government in regard to tho
vote of the Canimons on tho annual mo
tion against allowing the opium trade in
India to continue, which was carried, aud
tho Government defeated, by a vote of
180 to 130.
Smith also announced that tho Govern
ment would not appoint a committee to
inquire into tho opium tralfic of India, as
tho paucity of the voto taken on Friday
on the motion did not carry the weight
which a division of the full fiouso would
Collision Between Police and Strikers.
London, April 13. — Ten thousand
striking weavers assembled in Bradford
to-day to protest against the action of tho
i municipal authorities in forbidding a.
meeting which the strikers had arranged
' for yesterday. The police vainly tried to
disperse the gathering. Finally the Riot
Act was read and the military sum
moned. Tho soldiers joined forces with
the police and a combined charge was
made upon the ranks of the stubborn
strikers. A tierce struggle ensued, but
the strikers were unable to resist the in
creased force, and were compelled to re
treat beforo the bayonets and batons. Tho
polico used their batons very freely, and
many strikers were iujured". Several of
tho polico.were also hurt during the fight.
British Grain Market.
LoNDON,"ApriI 13.—The Mark Lane Ex*
press says: English wheats aro firm,
ranging from 85 to 455. Foreign is active,
oue shilling dearer. California is quoted
at 43s to 3d. Flour is firm at top prices.
Corn is Gd higher. Barley and oats aro
higher. At to-day's market English and
foreign wheats sold 6 pence in advance.
English flour is one shilling higher.
American is Gd higher.
The Chinese cities which have inter
course with foreign countries havo
adopted a foreign system of police, bub
the interior towns and villages have a
watchman who goes his rounds more for
the purpose of guarding against lire thau
of keeping the peace. Order is preserved
by a system somewhat analogous to that
of the Saxons a thousand years ago. A
cortmunity is divided into groups of ten
families each, and every householder in
each group is made responsible for the
good order of his nine neighbors. In case
of minor offenses, a rough-and-ready jus
tice is often administered to the offender
by the members of his own "set;" but
when the violation of law is serious, the
duty of arresting the criminal and bring
ing him before the magistrate for punish
ment, dovolves upon the nine neighbors,
who can plead exemption only when im
mediate flight has taken the offender out
of tho jurisdiction of the magistrates of
that province. Even then, should he at
any time return, his neighbors must seize
hime and take him before the Judges.—
He'll Get Promoted.
"Johnny, six from 9605 loaves bow
"Go to tho black-board and show how
you get that result,"
"9-6-0-5," wrote Johnny. "Six out,"
rubbing out tbe six, "leaves 9-0-5. which