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VOLUME LXXXI.--_N rO. 46.
NEW ORLEANS EPISODE.
Correspondence Between the Two
Governments Made Public.
PREMIER RUDINI REPEATS HIS FOR
Ho Asks for the Prompt Institution of
Judicial Proceedings Through the
Regular Channels—ln Reply, Secre
tary Blnlnc Refers Ulm to tho Courts
of Louisiana to Seek Redress.
Special to the Rf.cord-Union.
Washington, April 15.—Following is
the correspondence betw reen Secretary
Blame and the Italian Government since
the Secretary's note to the Marquis Im
periali ackuowlekging the notice of Baron
what italy asked.
Royal Legation of Italy, \
Washington, I). C. April 2, 1891. j
To lhe Secretary of State: I hasten to
acknowledge the receipt of the note
which your Excellency did me the honor
to addiess to me on the Ist inst. in reply
to that whereby Baron Fava informed
yon of his departure on leave of absence.
I have laid the contents oi your Excel
lency's aforesaid note before the Govern
ment oftho Kine-, and his Excellency,
the President of the Council, his Majes
ty's Minister of Foreign Allairs, has just
directed me to address the following com
munication to you:
"The Government of the King of Italy
lias asked nothing beyond the prompt In
stitution of judicial proceedings through
the regular channels. It would have
been absurd to claim the punishment of
guilty parties without warrant of regular
judgment. The Italian Government now
repeats tho same demand. Not until the
Federal Government shall have explicitly
declared that the aforesaid proceedings
shall be promptly begun can the diplo
matic incident be considered as closed.
Meanwhile, his Majesty's Government
takes note oi the declaration whereby
the Federal Government recognizes that
indemnity is due to the families of the
victims In virtue ofthe treaty in force
between the two countries.'*
I have, therefore, tlie honor to bring
the foregoing to the knowledge of yonr
ExceUency, and I avail myself of this
occasion to offer you. as" Secretary of
State,the assurances of my higheatand
most repectful consideration.
To his Excellency, James G. Blame,
Secretary of State.
11 la i xl's reply.
Department of State, \
Washington, April 14,1801. j
The Marguia Imperali, Charge dPjsf
fm'rex, etc —Siu: I have the honor to
acknowledge receipt of your note dated
Thursday, April 2d. It contains a second
telegram from the Marquis Rudini, part
of.which I here quote: "The Govern
ment of the King of Italy has asked
nothing beyond a prompt institution of '■
judicial proceedings through the regular
channels. It would have been absurd to
nlahn the punishment of the guilty
parties without a warrant of regular
judgment. The Italian Government now
repeals the same demand. Not until the
.]• < deral Government shall have explicitly
declared that the aforesaid proceedings
aludl be promptly begun can the diplo
motic incident be considered as closed/
Thia Government certainly had no de-
Kin- whatever to change the meaning of
Marquis Rudini's telegram of March 24th.
It was delivered at the State Department
by Baron Fava in person, written in his
«.wn hand, aud expressed in the English
language. The following is the full text
"Romk, March 24. 1891.
"Italian Minister. Washington: Our
requests to the Federal Government are
very simple. Some Italian subjects, ac
quitted by the American magistrates,
„a\e been murdered in prison while
.inder tlie immediate protection of the
inthorities. Our right, therefore, to de
mand and obtain the punishment of the
murderers, and an indemnity for the
victims, is unquestioned. 1 wish to add
that public opinion in Italy is justly im
patient, and if concerted provisions were
not at once taken I should find myself in
the painful necessity of showing openly
our dissatisfaction by recalling the Min
ister of his .Majesty from the country
•where he is unable to obtain justice.
The words understood arc precisely
those which I quoted in my former note,
and l am directed by the President to ex
press the satisfaction of this Government
with the very material qualification of
the demand made by Marquis Hudini on
behalf of the Italian Government. You
quote in your note another part of Mar
quis Rudini's telegram .if April 2d, in
tnese words: "Meanwhile his Majesty's
< rovernment takes note of the declaration
whereby the federal Government recog
nizes that indemnity is due to the families
of the victims in virtue of tlie treaty in
force between the two countries." If the
Marquis Rudini will carefully examine
my notice of April Ist. he will discover
that 1 did not "recognize thai indemnity
i- due the family of the victims in virtue
of the treaty In force between the two
countries." What I did say was in an
swer to Baron lava's aaaertions that the
United Statea Government refused to tako
this demand for indemnity into consid
eration. I quote my reply: "The United
"States, so far from refusing, has distinctly
recognized the principle of indemnity t.>
those Italian subjects who may have been
wronged by a violation of the rights se
curea to them under the treaty with the
United Slates concluded February 26
The Marquis Rudini may be assured
that the United States would recompense
every Italian subject who might "be
wronged by violation of the treaty," to
Which the faith of the United States is
pledged. Hut this assurance leaves un
settled the important question, whether
tlie treaty has been violated. Cpon this
point the President, with sufficient (acts
placed before bim, lias taken full time for
a decision, lb- now- directs that certain
consideration in the general subject be
submitted to the judgment ofthe Italian
Government. As a precedent of great
Value to the case under discussion, the
President recalls the conclusion main
tained by Webster, aa Secretary of state
in 185 L In August of that year, a mob in
New < Irleans demolished the building in
-which the office of the Spanish Consul
was located, and at the same time attacks
were made upon coffee houses and cigar
j&orea kept by the Spaniah subjects.
American citizens were involved in the
]osses, which, in the aggregate, were
large. The supposed cause of the mob
was the intelligence of the execution of I
jirty young Americana in Havana, and
the banishment to the Spanish mines of
nearly 200 citizens ofthe lnited states.
The victims were all members of
the abortive Lopez expedition. In
consequence of these depredations of the
jnob upon the propeity <>f the Spanish
Consul, as well as against Spanish sub
jects. Don Calderon de la Pa rea. Minister
of Spain, demanded Indemnification for
all losses, both official and personal.
Webster admitted that the Spanish Con
sul was entitled to indemnity, and as
sured the Spanish Minister if the injured
Consul, I.abor.le, "shSll return to his j
post, or any other Consul for Xew Or-j
lean's shall be appointed by her Catholic j
Majesty's Government, the officers of this j
Government resident in that city will be]
instructed to receive and treat him with j
pourteay and with a natioual salute to the I
flag of his ship, if he shall arrive in a
Spanish vessel, as a demonstration of re
spect, such as may signify to him and to
his Government the sense entei tamed by
the Government of the United States of
the <»ross injustice to his predecessor by a
lawless mob, as well as the indignity and
insult offered by it to the foreign State
with which the United States are, and
wish ever to remain, on terms of most re
spectful and pacific intercourse."
But, when pressed by the Spanish
Minister to afford indemnity to Spanish
subjects injured by the mob in common
with the American citizens, Webster de
clined to acceed to the demands, and gave
his reasons as follows: "This Govern
ment Bupposea that the rights of the
Spanish Consul, a public officer residing
here, under the protection of the United
States, are quite diflerent from those of
the Spanish subjects, who have come
into our country to mingle with our own
citizens, and here to pursue their private
business and objects forever, may claim
special indemnity; the latter are entitled
to su_h protection as is afforded our own
citizens. While, therefore, the losses of
the individuals, private Spanish subjects,
are greatly to be regretted, yet when it is
understood that many American citizens
suffered equal losses from the same
causes, and those private individuals sub
jects of her Catholic Majesty coming vol
untarily to reside in the United States,
have certainly no cause for complaint.
If they are protected by the same laws
and the same administration of the law
as native-born citizens of this country,
they have, in fact, some advantages over
tho citizens of the State in which they
happen to be, inasmuch as they are en
abled, until they become citizens them
selves, to prosecute for auy injuries done
to their persons or property in the courts
of the United States or the State courts,
at their election."
It is proper, however, to add that two
years later Congress, in recognition of
certain magnanimous conduct on tho
part <>f the Queen of Spain, in pardons
bestowed upon Americans who had un
justifiably invaded tho island of Cuba,
enacted a joint resolution indemnifying
the Spanish Consul and other Spanish
subjects for the losses sustained. It was
held, however, not to contravene the
original position of Webster, shared also
by ."resident Fillmore.
The right to judicial remedy which
Webster assured to Spanish subjects is
likewise assured to Italian subjects. The
right is specially guaranteed'in the sec
ond section, third article, of the Constitu
tion, and, as Webster pointed out, a resi
dent alien has a privilege which is denied
to the citizens. Widows and children of
citizens who lost their lives by mob vio
lence may sue the leaders and members
of the mob only in the courts ofthe State
of Louisiana, while the widows and chil
dren ofthe Italian subjects who suffered
death have the right to sue each member
of the mob, not only in the State courts,
but also before the Federal tribunals for
the district of Louisiana. Provision is
made in the revised Civil Code of Louisi
ana for a redress of such grievances as the
widows and children ofthe victims of a
mob may plead.
Blame here quotes from the statutes of
Louisiana and continues: The Govern
ment ofthe lnited States would feel jus
tified in resting on the argument and con
clusion of Webster, if the mob of March
14, 1891, did not in some of its character
istics differ from the mob of 18-31. But it
is due to entire candor, due to this Gov
ernment and due to the Government of
Italy, to point out certain differences of
which the Government of the United
States is honorably bound to take notice.
In the case of the mob of 1851, Web
ster asserts that "no personal injury was
offered to anyone;" that "the police and
other legal authorities did all that was
possible to preserve peace and arrest the
rioters;" that "the mob acted in the heat of
blood, and not in pursuance of any pre
determined plan or purpose of injury or
insult;" that "the mob was composed of
irresponsible persons, the names of none
of whom were known to the Government
of the United States, nor, so far as the
Government is informed, to its officers
iv New Orleans."
As promptly as possible after the la
mentable occurrence at New Orleans, the
President directed the Attorney-General
to cause, through his department, a full
inquiry to be made into all the facts con
nected therewith, and solicited his opin
ion whether any criminal proceedings
would lie, under the Federal laws, in the
Federal courts, against the persons
charged with the killing of Italian sub
jects. He has not yet received an official
report. If it be found that a prosecution
can be maintained under the statutes of
the United States, the case will be pre
sented to the next Grand Jury, according
to the usual methods of criminal admin
istration. But if it should be found, as
seems probable, that criminal proceed
ings can only be taken in the courts of
Louisiana, the President can in this di
rection do no more than urge upon the
State officers the duty of promptly bring
ing the offenders to trial. This was done
in his telegram to the Governor of Lou
isiana as early as the 15th of March.
If it shall result that the case can be
prosecuted only In the State of Louisi
ana, and the usual judicial investigation
ami procedure under the criminal Taw is
not resorted to, it will then be the duty of
the United States to consider whether
some other form of redress may be asked.
It is understood that tlie State Grand
Jury is now investigating the affair, and
while it is possible that the jury may fail
to present indictments, tlie lnited states
cannot assume that such will be the ease.
The United States did not, by the treaty
with Italy, become the insurer of the
lives or property of Italian subjects resi
dents within our territory. No Govern
ment is able, however high its civiliza
tion, however vigilant its police super
vision, however sure its criminal code,
and however prompt and indexible its
criminal administration, to secure its own
citizens against violence promoted by in
dividual malice or by sudden popular
tumult. Foreign residents must be con
tent, in such easts, to share the same
redress that is offered by law to citizens,
and has no just cause of complaint, or
right to ask interposition of his country,
if the courts are equally open to him for
a redress of his injuries.
Tiie treaty in the first, second, third
and notably in the twenty-third articles,
clearly limits the lights guaranteed to
citizens contracting powers in the terri
tory of each to equal treatment and to
tree access to the courts of justice, for
eign residents aro not made a favored
It is not believed that Italy would de
sire a more siringent construction of her
duty under the treaty, where the injury
Inflicted upon a foreign resident is not an
act of the Government or of its officers,
but of an individual or of a mob; it is not
believed that a claim for indemnity can
justly be made unless it shall be made to
appear that the public authorities charged
\\ ith the peace of a community have con
nived at an unlawful act, or, having
timely notice ofa threatened danger, have
been guilty of such gross negligence in
taking the necessary precautions as to
amount to connivance.
It', therefore, it should appear that
among those killed by tho mob at New
Orleans, there were some Italian sub
jects who were resident and domiciled in
that city, agreeably to our treaty with
Italy, ami not in violation of our im
migration laws, and who were abiding in
the peace of the United state-, and obey
ing the laws thereof, and of the State of
Louisiana, and that the public officers
charged with the duty of protecting the
life and property of that city connived at
the work of the mob. or upon proper no
tice or information of the threatened
danger, failed to take any steps for the
preservation of public peace, and after
terward to bring the guilty to trial, the
President would, under "such circum
stances, fed that a ease was established
that should be submitted to the consider
ation of Congress with a view tothe relief
ofthe families of the Italian subjects who
had lost their lives by lawless violence.
Accept, sir, the renewed assurance of my
James G. Blame,
SACBAMENTO, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 16, 1891.
THE PRESIDENT'S JOURNEY.
He is Warmly Received in the
CHATTANOOGA AND ATLANTA TURN
OUT EN MASSE.
Tlie President Greatly Pleased at the
Transformation of Scenes at Chat
tanooga Since the "War—An Inci
dent Happens as the Train was En
tering Atlanta "Which Came Near
Ending in Serious Injury to the
Special to the Record-Union.
Ciiattanoooa (Tenn.),April 15.—When
the Presidential train reached here this
morning fully 3,000 people wero assem
bled at the station. A salute of thirteen
guns was fired. The station was draped
with national colors and evergreens. The
party took the electric cars, which were
covered with flags and bunting, and were
soon landed at the incline at the foot of
The party remained on Lookout
Mountain a short time, when the cars
were again boarded and they returned to
the city. Carriages took the party
through the principal streets. The pub
lic schools had beeu given a holiday and
drawn up in line upon MeCallie avenue,
the main residence street, were thousands
of school children waving flags. The
stand from which the President spoke
and whero he held a general reception
was profusely and tastefully decorated.
President Harrison was introduced by
Hon. H. Clay Evans, and was greeted
with deafening cheers. Tho President
spoke for a quarter of au hour and was
followed by Secretaries Wanamaker aud
Tho President during his speech here
said: "I have greatly enjoyed the oppor
tunities of seeing Chattanooga again. I
saw it last as the camp of a great army.
Its only industries wero military, its
stores Were munitions of war, its pleasant
hill-tops were torn with rifle-pits, and its
civic population attendants oi" the army
campaign. I see it to-day a great and
prosperous city. To-day i see these hill
tops, then bristling with guns, crowned
with happy homes; 1 see these streets,
through which worn veterans of many
campaigns then marched, made glad with
the presence of happy children. All
things are changed, except that the flag
that then floated over Chattanooga floats
hero still. [Cheers.] It has passed from
the hands of veterans, who bore it to vic
tory in battle, into the hands of children,
who lift it as an emblem of peace.
[Cheers.] Then Chattanooga was war's
gateway to the South; now it is the gate
way to peace, commerce and prosperity.
There have been twolconquests—one with
arms, the other with the gentle influences
of peace, and the last is greater than the
"i thank you for your cordial greeting
to-day, and hope for the development of
the industries (dour country and for the
settling Of OUT institutions upon a firm
base of respect for the laws."
A reception upon the stand followed.
After the reception the crowd shook
hands with the President, while he stood
On the car platform. As the train pulled
out for Atlanta a shower of flowers was
thrown from the crowd and fell over tho
head and shoulders of the President.
Atlanta (Ga.), April 15.—-Shortly after
leaving Chattanooga, tho Preaident was
informed of the death of Mrs. Halford,
wife of his Private Secretary. He was
shocked at the news, and immediately
sent a telegram of condolence to Mr.
There were many historical points
along the route to Atlanta. These in
cluded the battle-fields of Chickamauga,
Turrell Hill, Resaca, Dog Gap, Kenesaw
and Peach Tree Creek. Short stops were
made at each of the places, and the Presi
dent shook hands with a large number of
people. It was at Resaca that General
Harrison led a charge against the Con
federate battery in which he lost nearly
half of his regiment.
Among other places visited were Ring
Gold, Dalton and CartersviHe. At the
latter place the President spoke briefly.
At Marietta the party was joined by* a
reception committee, who came irom At
lanta in a special train.
Amid a tumult caused by the concerted
blow ing of thousands of steam whistles,
nulls and locomotives, the Presidential
train entered Atlanta. A ffat car, on
which was mounted one of the heavy
guns of the Atlanta artillery, ran in ad
vanoe of the Presidential train, the can
non firing as the car rolled on, adding to
the tremendous din by which tho entry
to the city notified the Presidential party
as it passed into the eitv limits. Presi
dent Harrison stood on the platform of
the rear coach as the train rolled into the
depot, bowing acknowledgment to the
welcome with which he was greeted.
When the train stopped, Governor
Northon, with a large delegation of citi
zens, received the party. The Governor,
being presented, said: "I am giad to
welcome your Excellency to the State of
Georgia. You will find among us a loyal
and hospitable people, and in their name
1 welcome you to the State."
Replying, tho President said it gave
him much pleasure to visit tho empire
State of the South.
The Presidential party were then driven
around the city.
_\ t 7 o'clock the President was given a
public reception at the State Capitol. He
stood in the rotunda of tho Capitol, and
for an hour or soa stream of callers shook
hands with him. At the Executive Man
sion, at 9 o'clock, the Presidential party
saw the social side of Atlanta life. Here
Mrs. Northon invited about one hundred
of Atlanta's leading society ladies to as
sist her in a reception to tlie ladies of the
party. The reception was a delightful
An accident occurred at the time of the
President's arrival in this city that might
have resulted in injury to the President
and Mrs. Harrison had it happened a few
minute-' sooner. In firing a salute, the
cannon used was mounted on a flat-oar
near the track over which the Presiden
tial car ran. In order to give emphasis to
their work, the soldiers discharged the
cannon just as the President's train was
passing on the adjoining track. The con
cession was tremendous, and shattered
three thick plate-glass window panes in
the dining-car Coronsdo, Immediately
next the seats assigned to the special use
of tho President and Mrs. Harrison.
Luckily these seats were unoccupied at
the time. A waiter who was standing in
the aisle of the car was thrown down by
Negroes Appeal to the Police for Pro
Charlotte (X, C), April 15.-The
trouble between the white and negro
population in this city, which originated
over the murder of Mac.a. an Italian,
presumably by Henry Brandham, col
ored, and which led to an attempt to
lynch the prisoner Monday night, is be
coming ominous. The streets are packed
with excited men. The negroes held a
mass meeting last night to decide what
they will do. The African M. E. Church
was filled all night long with a crowd of I
augry negroes, seemingly determined on
About 2 o'clock this morning a squad
of negroes went to the jail ana askea for
protection, statiug that the lives of their
fellow-men were in imminent danger at
the chqrch, and as the men were being
drawn into line some negroes who were
in the cupola opened tire upon them.
This so incensed the military that the fire
was returned and the negro church was
riddled with bullets. It is reported that
several negroes were badly injured. An
extra police force of 200 men went out
lrom police headquarters to guard the
jail. Hardware stores have been raided
by citizens in search of firearms, and
young men, boys and all, have guns.
Never before in the history of the city
has such excitement existed as during the
East twenty-four hours. Crowds of men
aye abandoned their business to join the
mob. The ladies of tho city are badly
frightened. The negroes say they expect
to burn every white church in the city iv
efforts for revenge. The minds of the
whites have wandered from tho idea
of lynching, and now it is a contest
between tho white and negro denomina
Cincinnati, April 15.—A Times-Star
special from Charlotte, N. C, says that
everything is quiet there. The "stories
from there about a lynching aro grossly
Deputy Sheriffs Moot With Trouble in
the Eviction Cases.
Scottdale (Pa.), April 15.—The many
breaks in the ranks of the workers are
having a most disheartening effect on the
men. Eviction notices have been served
at nearly all tho works in Fayette County
and, as theso notices expired to-day, a
number of peaceful evictions took place.
A snag was struck at Morgan's, however,
to-night, and the deputies telegraphed
that they were in fear of their lives. Tho
Sheriff wired them to hold oil* until to
morrow, when he will appear with rein
forcements, and evictions will begin by
AMERICANS RAIDED BY ITALIANS.
Nkwcastle (Pa.), April 15.—About
100 Italian strikers raided a lot of Ameri
cans to-day, who had taken their places.
The Americans fled, and their foreman
was seized and thrown into the Mahon
ing river, barely escaping with his life.
The Wife of Secretary Halford Dies of
Washington, April 15.—Mrs. Halford,
wife of the President's Private Secretary,
E. W. fHalford, died this" morning of
bronchitis, from which she had been a
snflerer for many years, coupled with
asthma. She was forty-two years of age.
Washington, April 15.—The remains
of General Spinola, who died Monday,
were taken to New York to-day.
St. Augustine, April 15.—The wife of
ex-Congressman Candler of Massachu
setts died this morning alter a protracted
EDWARD GREEN K.
London, April 15.—Edward Greene, a
member of Parliament, died to-day. Ho
was a progressive Conservative, aged sev
TWO MURDERS AND A SUICIDE.
A Man's Suicide Leads to a Startling
Shawano (Wis.), April 15.—The people
living in the town of Washington, in this
county, aro greatly excited over the dis
covery of two murders and a suicide. A
few daj-s ago a man named Bahr, after
quarreling with his wife, suicided by
hanging, but before doing so told his
children that their mother had poisoned
Zell, the father of his first wife, a year
ago. The children notified tho authori
ties and they arrested the woman, who
made a full confession. Bahr was ofa
morose and ugly disposition. Not long
after Zell's death Bahr pounded one of
his children so that it died. He was never
prosecuted for his child's murder.
An Editor Attacked.
Leavenworth (Kb.), April 15.— W. M.
Fortescuo, late Republican candidate for
Mayor, made an attack upon Colonel
Anthony this evening with a slung-sln.t.
Upon meeting Colonel Anthony, Fortes
eue asked if he was armed. When in
formed by the Colonel that he was not,
Fortescuo attempted to slug him. Col
onel Anthony retreated to his newspaper
office and secured a revolver and re
turned to meet his assailant, who had
The trouble is the result of Anthony's
pap-r supporting the People's candidate
lor Mayor in opposition to the regular
Memphis, April 15.—The track was
heavy. Half mile, for two-year-olds,
Gray Goose won, Dollie Nobles second,
Freddy P. third. Time, 0:52.
Three-quarters of a mile, Doxy won,
Lainlithgow second, J. J. third." Time,
Half mile, for two-year-olds, Wight
man won, Gorman second, Huron third.
Mile and a sixteenth. Fayette won, Al
phonse second, Bankrupt third. Time.
One mile. Bertha won, Willow second,
Redstone third. Timo, 1:50.
Chicago, April 15.—Following are the
results of the American Association
At St. Louis—St. Louis 3, Columbus, 8.
At Washington—Washington I_, Bos
At Baltimore —Baltimore, 14, Athletics 4.
At Louisville—Louisville 5, Cincinnati
Grave Robbers Arrested.
WmßLOte (W. Va.), April 15.—Dr.
Pipes, one of the most prominent physi
cians in the city, and Taylor Foreman,
Superintendent of the County Poor Farm,
have been arrested on a warrant charg
ing them with grave-robbery. Grave
robbing has beeu a nourishing industry
in this vicinity recently, and the arrest of
these prominent citizens has caused a
Atlantic Postal Telegraph.
New Yokk, April 15.—The following
officers were elected for the ensuing year
at the meeting of the Atlantic Postal Tel
egraph Company: President. A. B.
Chandler; Vice-President, William A.
Baker; Treasurer, EL C. Piatt; Secretary,
J, (>. Stevens, and T. L. Cuyler, Jr., Di
An Embezzler Arrested.
Dover (N. IL), April 15.— T. Martin,
ex-Treasurer of the Dover Shoe Compa
ny, has been arrested on a charge of em
bezzling stock to the amount of ?50,000
from Adolph Meyers <fc Co. of Boston.
New Yokk, April 15.—A deputy sheriff
to-day attached the property belonging to
Juan de Franco of Brazil, to satisfy an
execution for $1,239 73, issued in favor of
Mesqitito (Texas), April 15.—Spotted
fever has broken out here, and is spread
ing rapidly, with fatal results.
The Meeting of the California
Press Association a Success.
PROCEEDINGS OP THE STATE BOARD
A Young Scotchman of San Francisco
Suicides Because a Yonng Eady Re
fuses to Marry Him—Tho Collector
of the Modesto Irrigation District
Short in nis Accounts—Opening of
the Northwest League Ball Season.
Special to the Record-Union.
Napa, April 15.—Tho meeting of the
California Press Association was a suc
cess to-day. Most of the forenoon was
spent in a business session. Ten new
members wero elected, and S. S. Boynton
was chosen Manager of tho Executive
Committee. J. H. Rogers, Secretary, re
signed, and E. C. Rust was chosen to fill
the oilice. The afternoon was spent see
ing points of interest.
In tho evening tho Opera Houso was
filled with people to hear W. H. Mills,
who delivered a most interesting address.
This was followed by a banquet.
To-morrow morning the association
will go by special train up through the
valley and spend several hours at St.
Helena, and with this the spring meeting
of the California Press Association will
STATE BOARD OF HORTICULTURE.
l*roceedings of tho Meeting Held in
San Francisco Yesterday.
San Francisco, April 15.—President
Ellwood Cooper, of Santa Barbara, pre
sided at the annual meeting of the State
Board of Horticulture to-day at 220 Sut
ter street. There wero present Commis
sioners Sol. Runyon, of Courtland; J. L.
Mosher, San Jose; Frank A. Kimball,
National City; Dr. A. F. White, Santa
Rosa; Fred. C. Miles, Penryn; R. H.
Secretary Lelong read his report, and
that of the Quarantine Officer, Alex.
Cray He reported in detail the work of
preventing the spread of scale and vari
ous pests. The experiment in protecting
the vedalia cardinans through the win
ter by the construction of glass-houses
over orange trees at San Gabriel has been
very successful. The'spread of the peach
"yellows,"' has been checked by prompt
action. At last the effort to check the
ravages of the red scale has proved fairly
successful by the discovery of the inter
nal parasite. Tho development of new
fungicides for both winter and summer
uses will be one of the next duties of the
Quarantine Officer. The laws relating to
horticulture passed by the last Legis
lature were considered. The regular ap
propriation of $10,000 a year—or |20,00G—
was obtained, beside Sr>.<ioo to be used
especially to send Albert Koebeleto Aus
tralia to search for predaceous insects.
The election of officers being in order,
Mr. Cooper was re-elected l'resideut
without a dissenting voice, ln accepting
the office, Mr. Cooper reviewed briefiy
the history of the board, which has had
many legislative trials to surmount. The
board and its executive officers have now
the full confidence of our fruit-growers.
The present Governor is in full accord
with the outlined work ofthe board. De
sired legislation should be widely dis
cussed and considered in detail at the
convention to be held in November next
at Marysville. The desirability of re
printing all reports of the board into a
volume of about eight hundred pages was
urged. Theso would prove of great
value not only to tho fast-increasing army
of fruit-growers but would prove in
teresting additions to our school libraries.
The appropriation of §5,000 to send Albert
Koebele to Australia was commented
upon. In closing Mr. Cooper spoke of
horticulture as an Industry that will soon
outgrow all others in this State.
The following officers were also elected:
L. W. Buck, Vice-President; B. L. Le
long, Secretary; Sol. Runyon, Treasuier;
J. L. Mosher, Auditor.
The Body Found at Corto Mardera Said
to be That of J. C. Wilson.
Sam Rafael, April 15.—The body
found at Corte Madera and now lying at
the morgue has not as yet been identified
to a certainty, although G. 1). Shearer, a
real estate dcaier, says that deceased
came to his placo of business on Monday
and rented a house for six months, say
ing that his father, mother and sister
would occupy it. Deceased gave his
name as J. 0. Wilson and said that he
was a traveler in the employ of Isador
Elba A Co., diamond dealers in New
York City. Deceased said he would pay
the rent ofthe house ho had engaged, and
asked Shearer if he would take a check
ou the bank of California in payment.
Shearer declined, a.s he did not know de
ceased. At this deceased grew very in
dignant and left In high dudgeon when
he was told that anybody could write a
check, and that no chance on payment
wonld be taken. He also went to the
Alta Stable and engaged a team for six
months. Several persons here who met
the deceased are of the opinion that he
must havo been a commercial traveler.
Although he did not make a display of
monoy or valuables, he claimed to have a
large number of diamonds on his person,
and seemed to be very careful in regard
to whom he met or where he went.
Two ladies, unknown here, called at
the morgue at noon to-day and identified
the remans as those of J. C. Wilson.
They said they would telegraph his
friends, but would not state anything fur
DIED FOR EOVE.
A Young Scotchman, Being Rejected
by a Eady, Suicides.
San Francisco, April 15.—A. Ainsley
Young, a young Scotchman employed by
Cobnrn, Tevis A Co., as a salesman, this
morning shot himself through the heart
because Miss May Wheeler, a typewriter,
refused to receive his attentions,
Young met the girl last night and
begged her to become his wife. She re
fused, however, as she had done several
times before. Young returned to his
room and mailed her a note, reading:
"When you receive this, I shall have
The receipt of the note aroused Miss
Wheeler's fears, and with a friend she
proceeded this morning to Young's quar
ters. He was found lying on his bed,
dead, his clothing soaked with blood.
The Coroner has taken charge of the
SOUTHERN PACIFIC OFFICIALS.
They WIU bo Tendered a Banquet by
San Francisco, April 15.—C. P. Hunt
ington will tender the officials of the
Southern Pacific Company a banquet on
Saturday evening next at the Palace
Hotel. It has beeu tho President's cus
tom to do so on his return from the East,
and his dinners are said to be ou a yery
elaborate scale. Hitherto it has beeu the
rule for the toast-master to call upon
somo of thoso present for impromptu
speeches. To-day it was announced tnat
impromptu speeches would agaiu be the
order ofthe evening, but the toast-master
has taken the precaution of notifying a
number of officials in the State that they
will be called upon.
Short In Ills Accounts.
Modesto, April 15.—Tho accounts of T.
O. Owens, Tax Collector of the Modesto
Irrigation District, wero exported to-day
and a shortage since last May of $1,015
was found. On April 4th Owens stated
that he had business iv Visaiia, and has
not hoeu heard from since. The District
Attorney has been instructed to bring
suit against Owens and his bondsmen to
compel a return of tho money. Owens
has nine bondsmen in tho sum of §5,000
Tlie Apaches Quiet.
Tucson, April 15.—The report that the
Apache Indians were contemplating go
ing on the warpath in Arizona is un
founded. Mexican sheep-herders firing
to Stampede their flocks frightened par
ties bringing the report. Tho Apaches
are working well, and were never more
The Northwestern League.
Portland (Or.), April 15.—Tlio base
ball season of the Northwestern League
opened to-day by games in this city and
Seattle. Tho game hero waa between the
Spokanes and Portlands, and won by the
home team by a score of sto ... At Seattle
the score was Tacoma 0, Seattle S.
Bench Show at Los Angeles.
Los Angeles. April 15.—The third an
nual bench show of tho Southern Cali
fornia Kennel Club opened to-day, with
I lie best and largest list of entries in its
history. A number of San Francisco
d< gs were entered. The attendance to
day was very large.
Bloody rightp.ct ween a Mlddle-Welght
New Orleans, April 15.—A Picayune
Galveston special says: The glove contest
between Arthur Upham, a middle-weight,
and Bernau. a heavy-weight, took place
to-night. The men are champions of the
State in their respective classes. The re
sult was Upham's defeat in the sixth
round. Itis understood that bad blood
existed between them, and a> a result the
battle was fiercely fought. It was one of
the most brutal affairs that ever occurred
in the prize-ring in this city. Bernan's
length of reach gave him a "great advan
tage over his opponent, who was severely
punished. Bernan's striking hand and
wrist were broken in several places.
GLOVE FIGHT IN PKNNSVI.V.VNIA.
Wilkksuaukk (Pa.), April 15.—George
Baker, of Buffalo, and James Blattery,
late of San Francisco, fought for >'_'(.I at
Duryea's this morning. Marquis of
Queensberry rules. The first round
opened fiercely. Slattery fell, and Baker
struck him while Ih> lay on the ground.
A foul was claimed, hut the referee re
fused to allow it. in the second round
Slattery knocked Baker down. On com
ing to time he knocked out two of Baker's
teeth, and finally knocked him out of the
ring. Raker refused to go in again, and
the light was awarded to Slattery.
s.\n Antonio (Texas). April 15.—Ed
ward Rhoades of Seattle, Washington,
and Clarence Winters of Yoakum, Texas,
fought for a purse of $500 before the Mis
sion Athetotic Club to-night. The condi
tions were Marquis of Queensberry rules,
live-ounce gloves. The men weighed 187
pounds, winters was not in it from tho
start. He was knocked down five times
in the first round, and five in the second,
lie was game and endeavored to respond,
but was unable. When he weut down
for the last time, he lay nine seconds,
rose to his knees, and fell over ou his
WORLD'S FAIR MATTERS.
Miss Phtrbo Couzins Defies tho Ladj-
Chicago, April 15.—The war between
the Executive Committee of the Lady
Managers of the World's Fair and Sec
retary Phoebe Couzins was brought to a
climax to-day by the positive refusal of
Miss Couzins to recognize the authority
of the sub-committee, headed by Mrs.
Mi-s Couzins said she would neither
retire nor appear before the committee,
that she was legally a member of the
Board of Lady Managers, and was not
amenable to discipline from the Execu
tive Committee. She also declared that
if this committee undertook to depose her
she should appeal to the courts.
Tho fear is quite generally expressed
this evening that the feud may entirely
disrupt the Board of Lady Managers, as
Mrs. Palmer, it is pointed out, is a woman
of great ability and determination of
character, and Miss Couzins has legal
education and a remarkable record as a
plucky and successful tighter.
Several Magnates Ignore tho Meeting
of tho Board of Control.
New York, April 15.—Tho officials of
all railroads represented in tho meeting
ot the Western Tariflf Association are
mystified at the action of Jay Gould,
Russell Sage and C. P. Huntington in
ignoring the meeting of tho Advisory
Board yesterday in Chicago. Russel
Sage, when spoken to this morning about
the absence of Gould representatives,
said: "I do not know anything about
Representatives of Vanderbilt's inter
ests and of Drexel, Morgan <fc Co. pro
fessed themselves puzzled to account for
Jay Gould's action. It is stated that
Chauneey Depew and Cornelius Vander
bilt are now on the way to Chicago
to take some steps to preservo
the integrity of the Presidents' Asssocia
tion, but there seems to be nothing for
them to do but to revive the old North
western Association, or else to take steps
at once to continue the St. Paul and
Northwest in one company, and try to
live through tho conflict for supremacy
in the Northwest.
Tlie Investigation by tho Census Bu
reau Not for Partisan Purposes.
WASHINGTON, April 15.—Some days
ago Superintendent ofthe Census Porter
received from S. McLallin, editor of the
Advocate, a Farmers' Alliance paper pub
lished at Topeka, Kan., a letter criticising
the work of the bureau in its farm mort
gage investigation, alleging, among other
things, that It Avas being conducted for
In reply to this letter tho Superintend
ent has written McLallin that there is no
evidence, nor is it a fact, that the Census
Office conducted the mortgage investiga
tion for partisan purposes. The desire
has simply been to ascertain the truth,
and, as far as possible, the whole truth in
regard to the recorded indebtedness of the
people ofthe United States.
At the present time the Census Offico
is completing a collection of facts in re
gard to farm and home ownorship in
Kansas and neighboring States, and
needs the co-operation of the farmers, at
whose request the investigation has been
Claud (Texas), April 15.—A terrific
cyclone passed two miles west of here
this afternoon. Ono man was killed, and
another badly hurt, Tho extent of the
damage is not yet known.
WnOLE KO. 15,444.
THE BRITISH IN INDIA.
Insurgents Preparing to Give
Them a Warm Reception.
MORE FIGHTING LOOKED FOR IN THE
Tho Great Powers of Europe Making
Preparations for War—A Terrible
Riot Between Military Reserves nnd
Police at Bod-dag, Timsla. In
Which Threo of tho Militia Wero
Special to the Record-Union.
Cauttta, April 15.—Moro serious
lighting is looked toward to in the near
future between tho British troops and in
surgent Manipuris. Profiting by the de
lay of the British troops in advancing to
tho front, tho Manipuris are erecting
stone stockades, digging ritlo-pits, and in
other ways preparing to give the British
a warm reception.
General Graham was last reported as
advancing viaTainu. and General Colletl
as advancing from Nigriting. The send
ing to the front ofa large force of British
troops shows how serious the situation la,
and the British authorities recognize the
fact that a crushing blow must be stnn-k
against the Manipuris in order to restore
the lost prestige to British arms.
FOX IIVNTING IN IHKI.AXD.
One Farmer Who Will Not Allow
Nobles to Hunt on His Farm.
London, April 15.—1n the vicinity of
Parsonton, Kings County. Inland, where
Lord Rosse holds court in his feudal
castle, the agriculturists have resolved
that their fields shail no longer be tr.uu
pled with impunity, and that fox-cours
ing must cease. The young Karl of Hunt
ington, a Captain in the Prince of Wales'
regiment, was dashing yesterday BCTOSS
farmer Murphy's meadows with a fox
and a pack of hounds, when the former
unexpectedly appeared and seized the
Earl's horse by the bridle.
The Earl, who traces bia ancestry to a
steward ni the Conqueror, was aghast at
such a liberty on the part ofa plebeian.
and, raising his whip, struck a Mow at
the farmer. Murphy, nothing daunted,
held the horse with his poweriul arm.
while he struck and nearly dismounted
tho Earl. The intervention of the others
put an end to the contest and the hunters
retired, leaving farmer Murphy in pos
session of his acres.
Desperate Battle In Chile.
Paris, April 15.—Dispatches from Chile
state that a desperate battle, resulting in
a victory for the Chilean insurgents, was
fought at Copiapo, the capital ofthe Prov
ince of Atacama. Only meager details
are given. The dispatches say the insur
gents, after a long and determined strug
gle, defeated with heavy loss a force of
• ',000 of President Balmaeoda's troops.
The dispatches, which are supposed to
have originated from insurgent sources,
adds, the insurgent army is increasing
steadily in strength, and intends shortly
to march upon the capital, .Santiago d*o
Chile, and \ alparaiso.
War Cloud In Europe.
St. PETKu.sm.-_u-, April 15.—in spite of
the peaceful utterances of Government
Officials in Europe everybody knows
that Russia is making extensive prepara
tions for war, and that her rivals are, on
their side, making counter-preparations
for a great struggle, which must sooner
or later tako place. Russia has been ex
pending enormous sums iv the construc
tion of strategic railroads, and in this and
other ways arrangements for the trans
portation of large bodies of Russian
troops to the Austro-German frontier aro
Buenos Ayres, April 15.—The efforts
which have been made by a number of
capitalists in order to enable the Provincial
Bank to resume business with a capital
of 8100,000,000, have not met with success.
This, combined with tho split in the
Union Civica, and the continued opposi
tion to General Roca, Minister of the In
terior, who resigned yesterday, haa con
siderably aggravated the political and
financial situation, and created an in
creased feeling oi" distrust in tho future.
London-, April 15.—A terrible riot is re
ported to havo occurred at Budsing,
Posen, between military reserves going
on duty and the police. The trouble ap
pears to have orginated in some rudeness
on the part of tho police toward the mili
tary. The later resented and a bloody
tight ensued, both polieo and soldiers
using their weapons freely. Tho police
got the best of tho struggle and threo of
tho reserve men were killed.
Sir Charles Tupper ln England.
London, April 15.—Sir Charles Tupper,
representative of tho Canadian Govern
ment in England, who left New York by
the steamship Teutonic, arrived here to
day. Sir Charles declined to discuss tho
reciprocity projects, Behring Sea ques
tion, or any other international matter,
contenting himself with saying that ho
was reserving his views for Blame, aud
for others holding positions iv high
Tariff In Canada.
Ottawa, April 15.—1t is officially
stated that the Government has decided
not to amend the tariff at tho coming ses
sion. It is possiblo something may bo
done with the sugar duties, but" tho
change, if any, cauuot bo determined
until the customs department determines
the working of the sugar clauses of tho
McKinley bill aud their effect upon
Closing Hours of Public Houses.
London, April 15.—1n the House of
Commons to-day the bill making tho
permanent closing of public houses in
Irelaud on Sundays, and including in its
scope the cities of Dublin, Cork, Belfast,
Waterl'ord and Limerick, passed a second
reading by a voto of 24$ to _>_.
A Bishop on Immigration.
Montreal, April 15.—Bishop Racine
of Sherbrooks, Quebec, has issued a
mandment urging tho French Canadians
to go to the new districts of tho province
instead of to the United States.
Stanley Not Governor.
Brussels, April 15.—The statement by
the Etoile Beige that Henry M. Stanley
has been appointed Governor of Congo
State is officially denied.
London, April 15.—Influenza is raging
man epidemic form in Hull. The death
rate, which is usually sixteen pei 1,000,
has reached forty-six per 1,000.
Portugal Cabinet Resigns.
Lisbon, April 15.—The entire Cabinet
has resigned. The King will announce
his action in the matter to-morrow,