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FARM AND ORCHARD.
As the Food is, so is the Animal
—Revise the Signs.
Early and Late "Weeds, and How to
Destroy Them —Milk for Cheese
Factories—Butter nt One Dollar Per
Pound— General Farm Notes,
Notwithstanding the fact, for such it is,
that as tho food is so is the animal, the
living body haa no power of forming ele
ments, or of converting one elementary
substance into another. Hence, it fol
lows that all tlic elements of which the
body of animals is composed must bo
present in the food eaten, and as the num
ber of these elements is not more than
thirteen at most, it follows that many
elements found in ordinary ailment is
lost as food for the animal eating the
The applied sciences illustrate many
astonishing facta in this connection.
Take, for instance, the skeleton of a
chicken Immediately after or just before
emerging from the slid!. We find, as
with all other body-structures, the pres
ence of lime. Now we may make the
closest analysis of the egg's contents be
fore incubation and no lime whatever
will be found. Even the Bpectrosc <\ c,
thai most delicate of ail 'known teste,
fails to disclose the presence of lime tn
the egg, especially in the form found in
the skeleton of the chick. It follows,
then, that the only possible sources :'.":;i
whence it could be derived aretheshell
und the transmutation from the other
substances classed by chemists as ele
What makes the subject still morecom
plex as well as interesting to the inquir
ing mind is the examination of the mem
brane in contact with the shell, and
iting it from the albumen, or white
of the egg. This, we find, is never vas
* uiar, and as Loth the albumen and y< ik
contain at the end of incubation a con
siderably quantity of earthy matter,
which it is to be supposed would have
been appropriated to the bone in prefer
ence to that derived from a remote Bource,
it is a matter of grave doubt if the source
of lime is to be traced tothe shell. In
deed it is tolerably clear to all investigat
ors that it is within the capabilities of the
vital energies to effect the transmutation
of some of the so-called elements.
in, many imagine that the mineral
incidental principles of all animal li; ■ are
ated during some ot th-- vital pre
aeral belief is, however,
that under certain extraordinary circum
stances the vital agents can and do form
what we now consider as primary ele
ments, but that in ordinary cases such
elements are chiefly derived abcxterrio
in conjunction with the aline ntary prin
ciples of animal life, the assimilating or
gans being able, under such extraordi
nary circumstances, to decompose prin
ciples which are still considered as ele
mentary, even forming agate or carbon.
Those digressing investigations, how
ever, do not in anyway whatever affect
the original proposition at the top of this
article. No organic event has the power
either of creating material elements or of
changing one such element into another.
Such investigations merely show some of
the marvels of animal life merely affect
ing the question of the elementary nature
of some of the sul.stances which the
chemist lias as yet been unable to decom
pose by any method known to his pro
n. While it is thus denied that
organic life animal life j •
power cither to create or to change chem
ical elements, in the strict acceptance of
those terms, it is now admitted to l \
■ eedingly probable that the organic agent
is. within certain prescribed limits, qaal
i. Ed to compose and deoom] -
inces which are generally oonsid
as elements; also, that the organic
does thus apparently form and
transmute those imagined elements.
In the list of animal foods, which have
appeared many times In the columns of
the Prairie farmer, mention is never
made of silica or magnesia. No one
wouid think of giving these as foods;
ie \ • rtheh bs, I have often, in La
practice, found traces of manganese in
the blood of animals. Some time ago,
while making sonic investigations with
rence to T< tas fever, I found both
Bilicaand albumen in the blood of ani
mals which had not been dosed at all for
any purpose whatever. We are led to
conclude, therefore, that animals of all
kinds eat many things not c nsidered as
■ jr [g possible that the digestive
fiie .ing in a depraved condition,
caused by disease, the animal may crave
what it would re to starvation,
to the clay-eating negroes of Guinea,
during the periodic fevers m hich are
prevalent in that country. — Prof. J. F.
jEtson in Prairie Farmer.
1 M.I.V WKI.IiS ANDLATK WEEDS.
Many of the most valuable crops on tiie
farm are sometimes destroyed before the
plai a inch high,by weeds, the dif
ficulty being that the weeds can only be
; . vet bel ween the plants, in the t
by hand labor, which is toe, expen
Th rad parsnip are crowded
Ofl is Simply because 111
of ■■ minate sooner than the -
. and take possession of
the ground. Later on. ihe turnip n
With the 1 tine, and wh
.id be made an important crop the
' „r to the .
growth of weeds, which cannot be pre-
Is of weeds re
main in the ground. Some weeds come
eariv and some appear late, but at do
aof the year is the farmer safe. The
extra cultivation required to prevent
Is from growing in among small and
tender -plants is sometimes an ex]
greater.than the value of the crop when
tured, and the only mode of
ening this expense is to destroy the w -
hk a special work of the whole season in
order to reduce the labor next ys-.n-.
As it is i. to have tender
r l efore the middle of May.
tlie early preparation ofthe soilwl
found efheacious in destn •> :1 large
pr -portion oi the weeds. Hy plowing
ng 1 be soU, tbe •
. put in an appears
I - warm. Th< y can then be
destroyed with the harrow or culm
und as"Cast aa ppear c-tn _»
• n until the ground will be fairly
> bern by the time the crop is
i Iffa all tho weeds may
roved the first year by this
D tl d. yet the labor of caring for the
< op will be greatly reduced, and fewer
ods appear next season If the crop is
1 11 and carefully cultivated. Anessen
t i poini is to destroy the weeds as Boon
I ; ir. Induce the weed
I sprout ;md then destroy them, as the
workout be done then at the lowest & st.
An important point is to bave the
manure w< 11 rotted, bo as to destroy any
I ' at may be m the heap. The ma
nur uree from which a
hf f the weeds oome, and some
n should be given the heap, with
n v; v. oi Lessening the danger therefrom.
Daring the year all harboring-places of
w Is. such as tho fence corners, etc,
should be kept clean, [f these precau
tions ar< i ni,- lab. r.f destroy
ing Luced each year.—
Mr. John Boyd of Chicago, a prominent
jersey breeder and bigE-oaste butter
maker, at his I.lml,urst farm, disputes
, c 0 f the commonly accepted sic, ls of
■ od milk cow. When in a late address
he talked *>n revising the signs, among
lunciated, he said:
ms to be tii universal
opinion thataoow to be a good butter
and milk producer must have huge miik
veins, snd that the odder should oollapse
to almost nothing when the milk is with
drawn. M 3 6 and observations
arc quite the reverse and induce me to
make the broad assertion lhat large milk
[nsareno indication whatever oftho
capacity of the individual for cither milk
or butter. 1 have examined a great many
(pows with what might be cal tad magnHi*
SACEAMEKTO DAIL^T T?ECOKT)-TJKIOy, TliUßgftAlT, APTtTL IG, 1891.—SIX PAGES.
cent milk veins that turned out to be in
ferior producers, ar.d others with poorly
delined milk veins that proved large and
persistent performers at the pail; in fact,
tirst-class dairy cows.
"The most'remarkable mark or sign of
a large milker that I know of is the num
ber and size of tlie openings from tho
milk veins and their branches into the
body. If you make an examination of
L,Ooocpws I am quite confident that you
will not iind a single one with milk veins
so small as not to be able to furnish twice
or three times the quantity oi blood the
openings into the body are capable of
conveying. Further, I have always
found the quantity of milk to be cor
rectly indicated by tbe number and size
o +" these openings, and by no other sign.
How often do we hear experienced dairy
men and good judges of cattlo say : '(ii ye
me tho cow whose bag milks down to
nothing : one that looks like a rag when
yen have done milkins.' I grant that
BUCh-OOW is usually a large milker, but
yon may just as surely set her down as a
thin milker and an inferior butter cow. I
have never known ofa cow ofthis charac
ter to be a good butter producer. On the
contrary, it is my observation that the
greatest butter producers never show
this tendency of collapsed bag after being
milked, but rather tbe opposite."— I'iairie
MZX.K FOR CHEKSK FACTORIES.
Tin pails only should be used.
All milk should be strained immediate
ly after it is drawn.
* Until niter the eighth milking it should
no; lie offered to a cheese factory.
Milk from cows in good health and ap
parent contentment only should be used.
An abundant supply of cheap, succulent,
easily digested, wholesome, nutritious
feed should be provided.
Pure cold water should be allowed in
quantities limited only by the cow's capa
city and desire to drink.
Cows should be milked with dry hands
and oniy after the udders have been
washed or brushed clean.
Only pure, clean, honest milk should
i Ilered. Any deviation from that will
not always be unpunished.
Milk is bettor Tor being kept over night
in small quantities rather than in huge
quantities in one vessel.
in warm weather all milk should be
cooled tothe temperature ofthe atmo
sphere after it has been aired, but not
Wild leeks and other weeds common
in bush pastures give an offensive odor
and tiavor to the milk of animals which
Miik stands should be constructed to
shade trom the sun the cans or vessels
containing milk, as well as to shelter
them irom rains.
All milk should be aired immediately
after ii has been strained. The treat
ment is equally beneficial to the evening
and to the morning milk.
A box or trough containing salt, to
which the cows have access every (lay,
is a requisite indispensable in the profit
ble k< eping of cows.
< lows should be prohibited from drink
ing stagnant, impure water. The re
sponsibility for the efficacy of that bene
ficial prohibition rests wholly with the
Milking should bo done, and milk
should be kept only in a place where the
surrounding air is pure. Otherwise the
presence of the tainting odors will not be.
negl.-cted by the milk.
All tl_e t vessels used in the handling of
milk should be cleaned thoroughly im
mediately after their use. A washing in
tepid or cold water, to which has been
added a little sod:-., and subsequently
scalding with boiling water, will prepare
them for airing, that they may remain
p-ri ctly sweet.— Dairy Column.
[TER AT ONE DOLLAR A POUND.
One dollar seems pretty high for a
pound of butter, yet there is oue grade
which brings that lancy price in the
Washington. D. C, market. As maj- be
surmised, however, the demand for such
butter is limited. Only a few families
use it, chief among them being those of
the many tines millionaire .•senators.
.■Stanford and llen-st. Thebuttertinques
tion is a brand of peculiar excellence,
made at Darlington, Pa. It is worked
until it is uncommonly firm and dry.
That it is worth fl '-*- pound, however,
may well be doubted. Only 20 or 30
pounds a week are sold in the city.
There are other grades of gilt-edged but
ter tha. sells at6oc,6oc, 45c and 40c re
spectively. The 40c grade is used at tlie
White House and is very good. The 50c
and 60c grades are made "in Philadelphia
from selected cream and are considered
very fine articles. The butter which is
sold at the White House is from Elgin,
111. Large Hiiantities of the best butter
sold in Washington come from the West.
— Western Agrtculturist,
No matter how well led the stock may
be, the greatest gain is secured when tlio
food is varied. A mess of green food may
contain but little nutrition, but it may
ite the appetite and induce an ani
mal to consume more food.
It is not the largest farms that pay. A
farm of any size can be made to "pay a
profit if tiie management is correct.
When certain crops do not give a protit
try. some other. The demands of the
market should be considered as much a.s
Corn is benefited by all kinds of ma
nure. The roots extend quite a distance,
and teed over the whole ot the surface. It
Ls a crop thai assists in cleaning the soil
owing to tlie frequent eultiva
required, and it thrives best when
the young plants are given a good start.
While some farmers spread all their
manure on ten acres, in order to grow a
crop of corn, and bestow the labor on a
Large ana, others may perform their
work on a single acre of celery, cabbage
or small fruit, and realize a larger profit
than those who cultivate ten times as
Winn some method is devised by which
the juice of the beet can be extracted on
the farm and shipped to the sugar fac
tory, there will be a saving in transporta
tion and a large amount of pulp retained
on ihe iarm. Such a tiling as shipping
the juice instead Of the bests is not im
possible in tiiis age of progress.
When a cow is turned out on a bare
field to pick up her food ahe not only
travels over a great distance of ground
during the day and Secures but a portion
of that which she should have, but she
also drops her manure where itis wasted.
Nothing is saved by compelling a cow
to depend on herself. A saving of food
iv mi -n causes a loss in some
All young animals should be pushed
from the start. When a calf makes rapid
growth in the beginning it will require
less care and labor later on. The weak
and puny young animal always is more
expensive than the others. Many of the
early drawbacks arc due to a failure to
properly care for the young stock the
few v. eeks.
Every farmer is familiar with the use of
th«;plow; but there aro many kinds of
plows, ea.-h adapted to some- farms better
than to others, and it is important to se
lect the right make. There is no best
plow for all kinds of work, as level lands,
bill lands, liglit and heavy soils all re
quire certain plows best adapted for the
work required to be done, aud also for
the crop that is to be planted.
Many people do not value bees as they
should. Bees are not only good for
gathering honey, but for" fertilizing
plants by mingling tin; pollen. Some ig
norant people claim that bees injure fruit
by gathering honey and pollen from
them, but they do not: they only better
tbem. A certain fruit-grower in Ohio
said he would at least keep six colonies
for the benefit of his fruit, even if he got
no surplus from them.
A \-KMTtraA mnr.Ks should find a
face in every household. The best cure;
r indigestion. Manufactured by Dr.
.). O. li. Siegert A Sons.
J Hoarseness.—All suffering from irri
tion Of the throat and hoarseness will be
ly surprised at the Immediate re
•f afforded by tho use of "Brown's
ronchial Troches." Sold only in boxes.
There is a class of people iv Japau who
hire tho poor to bog clothes from the
charity associations, and dyeing them,
sell them at higher rates for new clothes.
For a disordered liver try Beecham's
"SINKERS" AND HOSIERY.
Stolen Property sFound on Two Men
Arrested In the Plaza.
John Smith, alias "Mulio Pete," and
John D. Tucker, were arrested about 3
o'clock yesterday morning in the IMaza
by officer Snook aud special officer Drew.
Smith and Tucker were engaged in de
vouring doughnuts, and they had about
enough of the bakery dainties with them
to have fdled a good-sized Hour sack.
The linings of their overcoats had been
torn to admit of the storage of the pro
visions, aud on tlie way down to the po
lice station the prisoners hurled the
"sinkers" in all directions.
They admitted that they had stolen
them from a bakery wagon on J street,
between Tenth and Eleventh, a short
time before they were arrested by the of
ficers. The men also had in their posses
sion seven pairs, in all, of black soeksand
stockings, but they claimed that these ar
ticles were given them by a friend.
Captain Lee Bays that the undergar
ments were probably taken from some
body's clothes line, as they were not
quite dry when they wero examined at
tno jail. The owner is requested to call
and get the property.
A charge of petit larceny will be en
tered against Smith and Tucker, and they
will appear belore Judge < ravens to-day.
"Dox't leel well," and yet you are not
sick enough to consult a doctor—we will
tell you just what you need. It is Hood's
Sarsaparilla. which will lift you out of
that uncertain, uncomfortable, dangerous
condition, into a state of good health, con
fidence and cheerfulness.
Both the method and results when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it i 3 pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and acts
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver aud Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head
aches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Fig 3 is the
only remedy of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
and 81 bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not accept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
LOUISVILLE, KY. NEW YORK, N.Y
Finest Line and Latest Stylos
SPRING andSMER WOOLENS
MY OWN IMPORTATION.
Elesant Business Snits ] W"« Dress Suits
Perfect Fit Guaranteed Perfect Fit Guaranteed
$20 to $35 I $35 to $55
All other carments in like proportion.
Suits made lo order, with the best of Trimmings
snd Workmanship, at moderate prices.
"» THI3 IS TUE ONLY FIRM,
that haa the facility of Importing his Goods
Direct for his eleven Stores, on the Paciiic Coast.
203 Montgomery Street
724 Market and 1110 and 1112 Market St.
1132 Market St., San Franeko.
No, 141 South Spring St. . . Lo<i Ansel^s.
No.OiGrirthst.,i,rt.l>cti:sts. . SanDieso
Not. 103, 107 & lOU Santa Clara St.,
*- __.^« _, Cor. Markot San Jose.
ISo. ROO.T St., oor. Sixth. . . . Sarr.itncnto.
No. 1828 Mar.ijMjsaSt Frcnno, Oil'
No. 22ft Main St Stockton, CaL
No. 73 Morrison St. . . Portland, Oregon.
Rules for Self-measurement aud Samples sent
free tv eny address, on application to
JOE POHEIM. "The Taltor."
ft BEFORE ORDERING YOUR
J2 SPRING SUIT, Call on
/■l\ GfIBEL the TAILOR
ft BtUcf SACRASZENTO.
I am f^ lOOOPAnERNS!n~siLECT from,
IMh SUITS TO ORDER from
HE $15.G0 (Jp.
'• ■ PANTS TO ORDER froa
*</ $3.30 Up.*_
At Most Reasonable Prices I
Adams & Hausserman,
1018 EIGHTH STREET.
Merchant x Tailor,
822 «J Streot,
Has Just reoelved a first-class stock of
AttW Perfect Fit Guaranteed. mril-tf
Change** flatly for the |iUfc $au»e.
Commencing at 9 O'clock, the
Great Sale of Fine Hats,
In Trimmed and Untrimmed,
J^ 5 FROM D. B. FISK & CO., CHICAGO.^CI
All new and fresh; this season's goods. NO OLD
STYLES that is ancient as Adam, or an old bank
rupt stock that has been shown up to everybody.
See our show windows; note the prices and quality
of the goods. See partial list in yesterday's issue.
Buckram Frames, all shapes 10 cents
Gold Wire Toque Frames, all shapes 40 cents
Gold Wire Hat Frames, all shapes 49 cents
Silk Wire Hat aud Toque Frames, covered with white silk illusion 25 cents
All the New Styles in Veilings.
SPRING AND IH FOOTWEAR.
The coming summer season is near at hand and
will create a demand for light, serviceable and styl
ish Footwear. There arrived and was placed in
stock yesterday many lines. Among them a very
pretty novelty—something new:
A Ladies' La.cc Oxford, made af genuine Russia calf
skin.resemh'.inifand having die texture of French
Uid, in two very pretty shades-slate and wine
colors, made on a very stylish opera last, with a
half French heel, diamond-shaped tip on toe,
hand-turned, pump soies, sizes 2\ to 6J, $2 50 a pair.
Ladies' French Kid Lace Oxfords, long vamp, opera
toe and medium high heel, hand-turned, sizes 2
to 7, B to E widths, $2.
Ladies' French Kid Lace Oxfords, imported French
last, long vamp, square toe, low heel, turned soles,
13 to X, 2 to 7, **•
Ladies' French Dongola Kid Rutton, opera toe,
patent leather tip, medium high heel, pump soles,
sizes 2\ to 7, $1 7s.
Ladies' Kid Lace Oxfords, opera toe and heel, turned
soles, sizes 2\ to 7, £1 45.
Ladies' Fine Kid Three-strap Sandles, opera last
and low heel, hand-sewed, very stylish, sizes 2 to
Misses' Fine Dongola Kid Button, spring heel, long
vamp, half square toe, worked holes, sizes 11 to 2,
C, 13 and E widths, excellent value, £i 75.
RED HOUSE, Sacramento, Cal.
HUNTINGTON HOPKINS COMPANY,
SACRAMENTO AND SAN FRANCISCO.
*3anUmn 23 cm see.
PEOPLE'S SAWS BANK.
Sacramento City California
Gnaranteed capital f 410,000
Paid up capital 225,500
Reserve and surplus 56.000
Term and ordinary deposits received. Divi
dends paid semi-annually. Money loaned on
real e<!ate only.
49-To enootuage children and people o*
limii. d means to save, deposits of Si will be
received and interest paid thereon. For
further informal lon address.
WM. RECK MAN, President.
Geo. W. Lorenz, Cashier.
NATIONAL BANK OF D. 0. MILLS 4 Cfc,
Sacramento, Cal.—Founded 1850.
Saturday Hours 10 A. m. to 1 p. m.
Directors and Shareholders:
D. O. MILLS 1,538 Shares
EDGAR MILLS, President I,s3BShares
S. PR ENTISS SMITH.Vice-Pres. 250 Shares
FRANK MILLER, Caahler 351 Shares
C. F. DILLMAN, Asst. Cashier... 125 Shares
Other persons own 1,198 Shares
Capital and Surplus,
.•S'Chrome Steel Safe Deposit Vault and
FARMERS" AND MEJJBATOSAffIeS BANK
Southwest corner Fourth and J streets,
Guaranteed Capital $500,000
lOANS MADE ON REAL ESTATE. IN
j terest paid semi-annually on Term and
< trdinarv Deposits.
B. U. STEINMAN President
EDWIN K. ALSIP Vice-President
I). D. WHITBECK Cashier
C. H. CUMMINGS Secretary
JAMES M. STEVENSON SurveyoV
B. U. Steinman, Edwin K. Alsip,
C. H. c.mminus, W. E. Terry,
Sol. Runyon, James Mt Nassar,
J AS. M. SlE\ KNSON.
CALIFORNIA STATE BANK
And Safe Deposit Vaults,
Draws Drafts on Principal Cities of the World.
Saturday Hours, 10 A. M. to 1 P. M.
President N. D. RIDEOUT
Vice-President FRED'K C<>X
Cashier A. ABBOTT
Assistant Cashier W. E. GERBER
C. W. Clarke, Jos. Steffens,
Geo. C. Perkins, Frkd'k Cox,
N. D. Hideout, Justus Greely,
W. E. Gkp.her.
THE OLDEST SAVINCS RANK IN THE
city, corner Fifth and J streets, Sacra
mento. Gnaranteed capital, $50o,000; paid
up capital.sold coin, $300,000; Loans on real
estate in California, July 1. i B9©,82,808,442;
term and ordinary deposits. July 1. 1890,
(2,709,894. Term and ordinary deposits re
ceived. Dividends paid in January and July.
Money loaned upou real estate only. The
bank does exclusively a savings hank busi
ness. Information furnished upon applica
tion to W. P. cc LEM AN, President.
i".i>. R. Hamilton. Cashier.
CROCKER-WOOLWORTH NATIONAL lANK,
3'2'i Pine Stroot, San Francisco.
PAID UP CAPITAL, $1,000,000. SUKPLUS, $250,000.
CHARLES CROCKER ...E. H. MILLER, Jr.
K. c. WOOLWORTH IYesident
\V. E. BROWN Vice-President
W. H. CROCKER a Cashier
/CARRIAGES VICTORIAS, PHAETONS,
V^ Buggies aud Spring Wagons.
910, 013, 914 Ninth St., Sacramento.
Real Estate and Furniture, Carpets, Etc.
BELL & CO., Auctioneers,
WILL SELL ON THE PREMISES,
Thursday, April IS, 1891,
A T 10 O'CLOCK A. ML SHARP, ANI)
J.\ without reserve, the fine residence prop
erty of MRS. M. A. KENNEDY, No. 1003,
northeast corner of Sixteenth and 11 streets,
being the west 50 feet of lot No. 8, in block
bounded by Sixteenth, Seventeenth, O and H
streets. Lot SO.vIUO feet, good house oi six
fine, large rooms, bath-room and all modern
improvements. The house all newly papered
and frescoed. Also, all the eleg.iut household
goods, consisting of odd parlor pieces, pict
nn s, tables, bookcase and booijs, la;-e cur
tains and parlor ornaments, elegant body
Rrussels carpets, two elegant bedroom suites,
spring and top mattresses, feather pillows,
blankets, sheets, comforts, spreads, line crock
ery and glassware, extension table |md
chairs, elegant range, fixtures and kitchen
turniture, etc., etc. Property and lurniture
will be a i ositlve sale a.s above. House open
(br Inspection at all times until day of sale.
Title perfect. Terms cash.
upl-'-ut BELL & CO., Auctioneers.
BELL A CO., AUCTIONEERS. WILL
sell on the premises, TUESDAY,
April 21, 1891, the elegant business
property of JOHN CONRAD, No. 417 J
street, Fourth and Fifth, at. 10 o'clock
a. m., sharp, tlie west quarterof lot No. G, in
block bounded by Fourth, Fifth, I and J
streets, tiOxlGO feet, with all the improve
ments. A line store 100 feet deep and line
residence above ot six large rooms, bath-room
and all modern improvements. Please ex
amine the property, as it will lie a positive
Bale to the hiehest and best bidder. Title per
fect. Japl2-iut]_BELL A CO.. Auctioneers.
FINE RESIDENCE OF SIX ROOMS
West Half of East Half Lot 0, L and M,
Filth and Sixth streets.
I will sell by order of F. BAUMLE, Esq., the
above described property on TUESDAY, April
21, 1891, at 11 o'clock, on t'nopremises. This
is a very desirable home, being right In tlie
heart of the city and only two blocks from X
street. The house contains all of the modern
improvements, such as stationary washstand.
closets, marble mantels, gas, hot and cold
water and a stationary range. Sold only on
account of 111 health. Sale positive. Terms
cash. WENT. T. CROWELL .fc CO..
Baker & Hamilton,
—IMPORTEr.S AND JOBBEP.S OF—
HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL,
Agricultural Implements and Machines,
BARBED WIRE, CORDAGE, BELTING,
FRI BND & TBHRY
"Vf AIN YARD AND OFFICE 1310 SEC-
ItJ, ond street. Branch Yard, corner Twelfth
and J streets.
FOR SALE OR TO LET,
THE WHOLE OR A HALF INTEREST IN
the International Hotel, Sacramento, Cal.,
with a long lease. Address
1 apls-10t W. A. CASWELL, Proprietor.
GREAT AUCTION SALE
THRRE OF THE FINEST
Two Good Residences.
TTTENT. T. CROWELL A CO., AUCTION
y\ cors. will sell on
Thursday, April l©t»n.
At 11 O'clock, on the premises, the following
elegant pieces of Real Estate: First Lot No. l.
80x160, o c.nd V. Eleventh ami Twelfth
st roots. Second—Lot No. 5, SOxIOO, N and O,
Tenth and Eleventh. Third— Lot No. S. yOx
100. N and CT, Tenth and Eleventh. Fourth—
aonth 60 f. r Lot 5,60x30, N and O, Ninth
and Tenth, with two fine Residences on same.
In presenting this magnificent property for
tale we desire to call particular attention of
all persons who may desire a tine lot for a
home to tins property, it is all within one
bloou. of tiie Capitol grounds, aleo on lineof
Btreet railroad, ami is right in the part of the
City where all of the line improvements are
now In-ing made.
The lots will be subdivided if desired.
The sale is positive, as the property must bo
sold regardless of price, as the owner is about
to leave the city.
Tiie property has now got signs on each
piooe, and It will be to your advantage to see
_ Terms at time of sale. [N. C] apl-tf
Edwin K. Alsip it Co.
FRIDAY, APRIL 17,1891,
AT 11 O'CLOCK A. M.,
At their Sale Room, Xo. 1015 Fourth Street,
between j and K.
A One-Story and Basement Cottage,
containing 7 rooms, bath-room, closet,mar
ble mantles, conservatory, etc The rooms
are large and oommodions, with high ceil
ings. Lot 40x160, seeded to bine grass, lias
choice shrubbery, a chicken - house and
■mall stable and tilled to the grade. Situate
No. lsloKstreet,betwe< □ Fifteenth and Six
teenth. Will beopen for inspection Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday, April 13, 11 and
lo; between 1 and 5 P. M.
Two-story Frame Dwelling, containing
7 rooms. Large parlor, closet, bath-room,
etc. Lot 48x160, with large stable, carriage
house, etc. Situate No. LBOB P street. Be
tween Eighteenth ar.d Nineteenth. Terms
Of sale: 91,000 cash, balance in annual pay
ments with 7 per cent. Interest, purchaser
paying taxes. Open for inspection same
date as last named.
A Double Tenement Frame Dwelling)
containing 5 rooms each. Ix>t 36x160,situ
ate Nos. 1016 and 1018 N atreet, betweea
Tenth and Eleventh streets. This property
is sold to close partnership.
Lot 40x180, on N, between Thirteenth and
Fourteenth streets, with two frame cottages,
No. 1326 N street, one fronting on N
contains 5 rooms and closets; one in rear
contains 4 rooms; basement can be Un
it; hud at small cost. Also,
Enst Half Lot «>, P street, between Twenty
first and Twenty-second. ,
Wost Halt* Lot «, P street, between Twenty
first and Twenty-second.
*3~All the abovo is desirable property and
will be sold without reserve. Abstracts and
deeds furnished free to purchasers.
EDWIN K. ALSIP & CO.
RECEIVER'S SALEON FOIiKGLOSLRE
'VTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT UN
±S der and by virtue of a Judgment made
aud entered in the Superior Court of Sacra
mento County. State of California, On the
24th day of March, 1891. wiu rein JAM EH
BlTHELLisplalntiirand JOHN A. PARKER
and MKS. A. J. FIELDS and JOHN DOE
FIELDS are defendants. Wherein plaintifi re
covered judgment for $1,000 and attorney's
lee and cost 9of suit, and order of sale Issued
out of said court on the said 24th day ot
March. 1891,1 will, as lUc iver in the said
action, in front of the Court-house, in the City
of Sacramento, on the 17tii DAY OF APRIL,
1891, at 11 o'clock of said day, sell at public
auction, for cash, in gold coin, to the highest
and best bidder, the following described real
estate, or as much thereof as may be neces
sary to satisfy said judgment, to wit: Lot
number three of the southwest quarter of sec
tion number seven, ln townshipnnmber sev. n
north, range number seven east, Mount Diablo
base and meridian, containing forty acres, in
Sacramento County, California. Sale subject
A. O. H< i.VGLAND. Receiver.
S. Solon Holl, Attorney for Plaintiff.
BLOODED ST™ FOR SALE.
ON NEXT SATURDAY MORNING,
April 18, IS9I. at 10 o'clock, in front of
our salesrooms, at 517 J street, we Will sell at
public auction, by order of GEO. \V. HAR
LOW, administrator of the estate of James
Eagan, deceased, late of Gat. Sacramento
County, one Blooded Stallion, Percheron
This is a very fine stallion, and the owner of
him refused an oiler of SI,OOO tor him.
A fine chance for horsemen and those inter
ested in stallions.
apl W» BELL & CO., Auctioneers.
NOTICE OF SUE OF REAL ESTATE.
11HE UNDERSIGNED WILL SELL ON
. TUESDAY, tho liist day of April. ISUI,
at 10:30 o'clock A. M., on the premises, at
public auction, to the highest and best, bid
der, pursuant to an order ot the Superior
t "ourl of the County of Sacramento, all of Lot-
Eight (s\ in the block bounded by D and E.
Fourteenth and Fifteenth streets, iv the City
of Sacramento, County of Sacramento, State
of California, and the unprovem< ats thereon.
Ten pet cent. ofthe purchase price tv be paid
at the time of sale, balance on confirmation by
the Court. Deed at expense of purchaser.
Executor ofthe will of Margaret McKeon, de
Dated March 24, 1891.
Fkask I). Kyan, Attorney for Executor.
D. J. SIMMONS ct CO., Auctioneers.
mracxsw Office, 1005 Fonrth street.
W. H. SHERBURN,
323 X STREET, - - SACRAMENTO.
I have the Largest-Stock of
SECOND-HAND -:- FURNITURE
In Sacramento. Also a fine line of
Crockery and Glassware,
Which I will sell less than any honse In
Northern California. Try me for prices, asl
will not be undersold.
ALSO AGENT FOR
AMERICAN FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
j OF* XEW YORK.
SJ-q. BUYS A CORD
ff\F OLD LUMBER WOOD, OR 80 A TON
\J of Coal at the C. 0. D. YARD, Fourth and
1 1 streets.
Ofapuii |Talle\t -Unttb*.
A CAPAY COLII
Busy Fruit-Growers in a Pretty
Yolo Valley—Tancred and Iv
FN THE STRING OF LAST YEAR
L Robert A. and Neal D. Barker associated
themselves with Wtlham McKay, all of link
land, with a view of searching out a suitable
location in which to engage in the protitablg
iveupation of fruit-growing. After visiting
many I.H-alities. they decided on the Capay
Valley. Yolo County, and the Rhodes tract at
Negotiations were opened with the Capay
Valley Land Company, owning the tract ln
question. With W. H. Mills, the General
Agent of that company, they arranged for the
purchase of about 220 acres of foothill land
This being more than they had thought Of
taking for their own use, they spoke to a
number of friends about it. with the result
that the tract was divided among the-foi low
ing people: B. L. Hickok,4o acres; W.T.
Burnett, 20 aires; H.T. Greathead, 80 acres;
Mrs. L. Greathead, 20 acre-.; \V. McKay, 20
sens; N. D. Barker. 20 acres; R. A. Barker,
20 acres; J. p. Brownlee, 20 acres; J-:. U. Has
k tt, 10 acres; Joseph Bark. r. 10 acres; A. W.
Kelly 10acres,and Frederick Kelly,lo acres.
So far this had been merely a private ven
ture of the gentlemen above named, but in
talking up the question of dividing tlio land
already purchased, it was found that so many
more would like to Join it than tho area of the
purchase would admit of, that It Was sng
gCStsd on all hands, "Why uot get some moro
land and divide it up in the same way?"
Then followed the Idea of a stock company to
take hold of a larger tract and arrange for tho
cultivation of the Whole of it, after subdividing
it according to the requirements of tho sub
scribers. A provisional board was formed, a
prospectus Issued, and finally, on the .r>th of
June, 1890, the Western Co-operative Col
onization and Improvement Company was
duly registered and proceeded to business,
with the following officers: President, Will
iam McKay; Vioe-Presidout, M. I. Browu;
Directors—H. C. Ellis, Charles Brooke and
K. A. Barker; Secretary and General Maua.
Neal D. Barker; Solicitor, C. E. Bnook; Treas
urer, l-irst National Bank of Oakland.
The balance oftho tract, .5?:; acres, was pur
chased, a contract was ottered Into tar tbe
pure base oi a large number of fruit t_
vines, etc. This early purchase Of trees was
the means of saving between S:?,000 anil
84,000 to the company, the prices in some
cases having more than doubled since then.
The ideas which the prospectaS BCt forth
hay.- been but slightly modified and the
progress of the company bas bo n uninter
rupted. Those who went into it doubtlnglv
have become m\ basis -Me. and almost all the
members arranged to set ont all their lauds In
fruit trees, etc., tbe Brsl your. Consequently
in this, the tirst season, some 40,000 trees and
between 20,000 and 30,000 vines will be
The satisfactory working of this scheme has
bad the effect or attracting considerable at
tention to the WOrk Of the Colony Company,
and a number of people are now desirous of
Joining in with them. An additional 200
acres have been added to the sixty acres
For the company is predicted a very britfht
future, as well as for the beautiful valley in
which their operations are conducted. How
this marvelous little garden has coins to be so
long neglected is a puzzle to every one who
has visited it, but one thing is very sure, and
that Is that this neglect will never again bo
felt in the valley.
The fruits set out are mostly oftho standard
varieties—peaches, apricots, Bartlett pears,
prunes, flgs, raisin grapes, etc., while along
both sides of the avenue's, throughout tiie
tract, walnuts will throw their graceful shade.
A considerable number ot citrus trees are also
being set out; quite a sufficient number to
demonstrate that these fruits can be success
fully grown In the valley, about which the
colonists uppear to havo no doubt, provided
proper care Is given to the young trees. Neal
D. Barker, General Manager of the company,
resides on the tract, and to his care ls to be as
cribed much of tho success of the venture.
Mention should be made of tho town-site,
about which thero ls a pleasant innovation
which might with prollt be followed by moro
ambitious places. A small park of somo threo
acres has been laid out right in the center of
the town. This park It Is proposed to beautify- .
by planting in it. from time to time as many
of the beauties and curiosities of tree and
shrub life as may be obtained by diligent
search and a wise expenditure of money. It
is not expected that Tancred will ever be a
large and busy city, bnt It is thought that it
can be made a very pleasant little place to v
A petition has been circulated recently and
very largely signed, asking the county to ao- .
cept Island avenue, on the colony tract, asa
county road, and to build a bridge across
Cache Creek at this point. In order to give the
settlors on the east side of tho creek access to
Tancred Station. The Tancred colonists ore
quite willing to give the necessary right of
! way, and are very desirous of having a bridge
I thero, as the colony lands extend along both
! sides of the stream. It is thought that It
would bo a very wise expenditure ol public
money to grant them this very necessary im
provement, as tho operations of such oom
panics are of widespread benefit to the whole
county and State. Tho attractions and com
forts of the cities are well known, but to those
who are willing to settle on the land and show
that the country also affords attractions and
comforts aud ways of making monoy pleas
antly, every inducement should be held forth.
Tbe following is a list of the principal mem
bers of the Tancred Colony, with the number
of acres owned by each, and a fact worthy of
mention is that in each contract or deed is
sued by the Colony Company there Is a pro
vision that no intoxicating liquor shall oxer
be manufactured or sold on the land. The ap
parent success of the enterprise shows that.
the ideas and plans of the colony, as set forth
in tho prospectus some time ago, are not im
practicable: C. T. Hull, Berkeley, o acres; W.
P. Hammon, Oakland, 14 acres; C.S. Kasson,
San Francisco, 11 acres; Jos. Barker, 10 acres;
A. W. Kelly. Kincardine, Ont., 5 acres; N. T.
Greathead, 5 acres; R. G. Greathead, Oakland
10 acres; R. A. Barker, San Francisco, 10
acres; N. D. Barker, Tancred, 10 acres; Dr. K.
Favor, San Francisco, 27 acres; .1. P. Brownlee,
Kincardine, Ont., 9 acres; W. T. Barnett,
Berkeley, 5 acres; M. P. Brown, 10 acres;
Chas. Brook, Sr., Oakland, 10 acres; W. C.
Boutelle, Berkeley, 20 acres; Mrs. T. A.Creiin,
Oakland, 6 acres; C. 11. Peach, Tancred, 5
acres; H. C. Ellis, Oakland. 10 acres; J. Van
stone, Winnipeg, 10 acres; E. A. Vanstone,
Tancred, 5 acres; E. Wadsworth, Sacramento,
5 acres; M. A. Thomas. Oakland, 0 acres;
.lames Graham, San Francisco, 11 acres; A.
Stark. 12 acres; J. Stark, 10 acres; Mrs. M.
Vrooman, 5 acres; C. E. Snook, 10 acres; C.
T. Greathead, 12 acres; Wm. McKay, 5 acres;
Mrs. Wm. McKay, Oakland,6 acres; Mrs. E.
C. Wooley, Brooklyn. N. V., 10 acres; Mrs. IL
Beckley, Oakland, 5 acres; T. A. Marri- tt, 5
acres; J. C Harrisou, Tancred, 5 acres. Tho
land reserved by the Colony Company, in
cluding townsite, consists of 01 acres.