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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 49.
THE PRESIDENTIAL PARTY.
They Enjoy a Day of Much-Needed
Rest at Galveston.
THE PRESIDENT ATTENDS DIVINE
A Beautiful Floral Design. Emble
matic of Peace and Fraternity,
Presented to President Harrison by
tbo Italian Residents of the City—
The President Much Gratified at
I the Welcome Ho Has Received
During His .Tourney Through Texas.
Bpeclal to the Record-Union.
Galveston, April 19.—After tho recep
tion last night, responding to a formal
welcome by General Waul, on behalf of
the Mayor, who was ill, the President ex
pressed thanks lor the cordial welcome,
and, In the course of his remarks, said:
"I am glad to have been able to traverse
the harbor and look upon the liberal
work which the Government inaugurated
for your benefit and for the benefit of the
Northwest. I have always believed that
it was one of tho undisputed functions of
the General Government to make these
great waterways and harbors, into which
our shipping must come, fit to receive the
tribute of rail and river, safe and easy of
access. I deprecate the waste of public
money, but am not an economist in the
sense that I. would leave incomplete or
suffer to lag any great work highly pro
motive to the interests of our people.
"We are great enough and rich enough
to reach forward to grander conceptions
titan have entered the minds of some of
our statesmen in the past. If you are
content, 1 am not, that the nations of
Europe shall absorb nearly the entire
commerce of the new sister republics that
lie south of us, that is naturally in a
large measure ours—ours by neighbor
hood; ours by nearness of access; ours
by that sympathy that binds the hemi
sphere without a king. [Cheers.]
"The inauguration of the Pan-Ameri
can Congress, or more properly the
American Conference, the happy conduct
of that meeting, tho wise and' compre
hensive measures which were suggested
by it, with the fraternal and kindly
spirit that was manifested by onr south
ern neighbors, has stimulated a desire in
them and in our people for a larger inter
course of commerce and friendship.
"The provisions of the bill passed at
the last session looking to reciprocity of
trade not only met with my othcial ap
proval when I signed the bill, but with
my zealous promotion before the bill was
reported [Prolonged cheering.] Its pro
vision concerning reciprocity is that we
have placed upon our free list sugar, tea.
coffee and hides, and we have said to
those nations from whom we receive
these great staples, 'Give us free access
to your ports for an equivalent amount of
our produce in exchange, or we will re
impose the duties on the articles named.'
"The law leaves it wholly to the Kxee
utive to negotiate these arrangements.
It does not need that they shall take the
6 >rm of a treaty. They need not be sub
mitted for the concurrence of a State. It
only needs that we. having made our
oiler, shall receive their otter iv return;
and when they have made up an accept
able schedule of articles produced by us
that shall have free access to their ports,
a proclamation by the President closes
the whole business.
"Already one treaty with that youngest
South American Republic, the groat Re
public of Brazil, has been negotiated and
proclaimed. I think, without disclosing
any Executive secrets, I may tell you
that the arrangements with Brazil is "not
likely to abide lonesomeness much
longer. [Prolonged cheering.] That
others are Co follow, and that as a result
of these trade arrangements, products of
of the United States—our meats, our
bread-tuft and certain fines of manu
factured goods—are to iind freo or favored
tothe ports of many of these South
and Oentral American states. All the
Slates will share in these benefits. We
have had some analysis of the manifests
of some Of our steamers now sailing to
the South American ports, ami in a single
ateamer it was found that twenty-five of
our states contributed to the cargo.
"Bui we shall need something more—
we shall need American steamships to
cany American goods to those points.
[Great cheering.] The last Congress ap
propriated f1,500,000, and authorized the
Postmaster-General to contract with
steamship companies for a period not ex
ceeding ten years for carrying the United
States mail. The foreign mail service is
the only mail service out of which the
Government basl een making a net profit.
not make ;1 profit out of our land
se. There is . o annual deficiency,
a\ hich, my good friends, the Postmaster-
General has been trying hard to reduce or
wipe out. The theory ot'our mail service
is that it is for tbe people; that we are not
to make a profit out of it; that we are to
give them as cheap postage as possible.
"Wears many of us looking forward
to the time when \\ c shall have one-cent
a in this country. We have been
so close and penurious in dealing witli
our ships in carrying foreign mails that
we have actually made revenues out of
that business, not having spent for it
what we have received for it. Now we
propose t<> change the policy, and make
more liberal contra,-is with American
lines, carrying American mails. Some
v say we ought not to go into this
business: that it i- a subsidy. But, my
Criends, Aery other great nation of the
world has been doing it, and is
it to-day. «.reat Britain and
Prance have built up their great steam
ship lines by Government aid. audit
* n.s to mc that onr attitude with refer
ence to tbat is amply protected by an
illustration I mentioned tho other day.
In the olden time no wholesale merchant
Out traveling men to solicit
m, but he stood in his own
Store and waited for his cus
s; but presently some enterprising
■Bint began to send out men with
Bieir samples to seek trade, to save the
country ! uy< r the cost of a trip to New
York or Philadelphia, until finally that
c t'..ame universal, ami these
active, intelligent traveling men are
Bcurrymg thfi country over, puahing
and soliciting in their several lines of
business. Now imagine sonic conserva
tive merchant in New York saying to
himself: 'All this is wrong ; trade ought
to come to mo.' if he should refuse to
adopt these modern methods, what
would be the result? lie must adopt
new methods, or go out of business. We
bave been refusing to adopt the universal
method of our competitors in commerce
to stimulate their shipping interests and
bave gone out ot business. [Cheers ]
Encouraged by what your spokesman
bas Said to-night, 1 venture to declare
that I am in favor of going into business
again, and when it is re-established I
hope Galveston will be in partnership
•it has been the careful study of the
Postmaster-General, in preparing to exe
cute the law to which l nave referred, to
See how much increase in the routes and
ships we could secure by it. Wo have
■aid to a lew existing American tinea:
•You must not treat this appropriation as
a plate of soup, to be divided and con
sumed by you. You must give us new
lines, new ships, increased trips and
new ports of call.' Already the steam-
ship lines are looking over the routes to
see what they can do with the law, in
creasing their tonnage, and in establish
ing new lines. Tho Postmaster-General
invited the attention aud suggestions of
all Boards of Trade of all our cities. Un
doubtedly you received such a letter. This
appropriation is for one year. What the
future is to be must depend upon the de
liberate judgment of the people.
"If, during my term of oflice, they
shall strike down a law that I believe
beneficial, or destroy its energy by with
holding the appropriations, 1 "shall bow
to their will, but I shall feel a great dis
appointment if we do not make this an
era for the revival of American com
merce. I do much want that the time
shall come when our citizens living in
temporary exile in foreign ports shall
now and then see steaming into these
distant ports a fino modern man-of-war,
Hying the United States flag, with the
best modern guns on deck and a brave
American crew on the forecastle. I want,
also, that in these ports, so long unfamiliar
with the American flag, that there shall
again be found our steamships and our
sailing vessels flying the flag that we all
love, and carrying from our shores pro
ducts that these men of toil have brought
to them to exchange for products of other
"1 think we should add to all this, if
happily, it is likely to be accomplished by
individual effort, the early completion of
the Nicaragua Canal. [Cheers.] The
Pacific Coast should no longer be found
by sea only by the passage of the Horn.
A short route should be opened, and it
will be, and then, with this wondrous
stirring among the people of all our
States, this awakening to new business
plans and more careful and economical
work, there will come great business
prosperity to all our people. Texas will
spin more of the cotton that she raises.
The great States South will be in discon
tent with the old condition that made
them simple agricultural States, and will
rouse themselves to compete with the
older manufacturing States, North and
"The vision I havo and all thoughts I
I have of this matter embrace all the
States and all my countrymen. I do not
think of it as a question of party; I think
of it as a great American question.
[Cheers.] By invitation of the address
which was made to me, I have fn-elv
spoken my mind to you upon these top
ics. I hope I have done so without offense
or impropriety. [Cries of "No, no,'' and
great cheers.] I would not on an occa
sion of so good feeling as this obtrude
anything that should induce division or
dissent. The views I hold are the result
of some thought and investigation, and as
they are questions of public concern, I
confidently submit them to the arbitra
ment of a bravo and enlightened Ameri
The storm of applause that burst out
when the President concluded was tre
mendous. It was a vocal evidence of the
enthusiasm that proved how the Galves
tonians appreciated the distinguished
honor of entertaining the head of the
The Presidential party enjoyed a much
needed rest to-day. While the people
were desirous of showing every honor
and attention to the Chief Magistrate,
they respected his request to be allowed to
pass the day in quiet, and abandoned sev
eral demonstrations reserved for to-day.
lie, as well as the other members of the
party, wero loud in their praises of the
unbounded hospitality of the people of
It is the first time that a Chief Magis
trate of the nation has ever visited the
State in his official capacity, but if Presi
dent Harrison is anything' of a prophet,
and his successors are at all moved by his
pleasant experience here, it will never be
overlooked in that respect in future.
A noteworthy feature of the grand
demonstration was the cordial welcome
given the President by the Italian colony.
All their local societies participated in
the parade, acting as special escort to
the Italian Consul at Galveston, and a
gentleman afterward, on their behalf,
presented the President with a beautiful
floral design, symbolic ofpeace and frater
nity. American and Italian flags wero
crossed at the top of the piece with a floral
dove between them.
Postmaster - General Wanamaker re
joined tho party last evening.
Among to-day's arrivals at the Beach
Hotel wore Senators Teller and Squire of
Colorado, ""Senator Warren ofl Wyoming,
and other gentlemen from those States
and Montana. They had a long and sat
isfactory conversation with Secretary
Rusk in regard to tlio shipment of cattle
to the States named during the summer
Secretary Rusk informed them that the
present order in regard to that matter
would bo changed to suit their wishes,
provided the cattle so shipped would uot
be re-shipped south before the first of
Secretary Rusk having accomplished
the business that brought him to Texas,
has concluded to remain with tho Presi
dent during the remainder of tho trip.
General Stanley, commanding the De
partment of Texas, joined the Presiden
tial party at Galveston and accompanied
it to San Antonio for the purpose of ex
plaining the military situation along the
The President, accompanied by Post
master-General Wanamaker, attended
divine service this morning at the First
Presbyterian Church. In the afternoon
the President went out for a walk with
Mrs. Dimmick and Mrs. Russell Harri
The President and Mrs. Dimmick at
tenned services at Trinity Episcopal
Church in the evening with Mayor Ful
ton. Shortly after midnight the Presi
dential party loft for San Antonio.
The Emperor's Body Guard.
The personal body guard of the Emperor
of Germany, members of which accom
pany him on his rides and excursions,
consists of fifteen stalwart young forest
ers, all of whom have been trained under
officials in the royal forests. After serv
ing their three years in tho army they are
"'picked" by a court marshal aud person
ally presented to the Emperor, who se
lects those that seem to be fittest to be his
personal attendants. The rule is tliat
after a term of service from nine to twelve
years they are allowed to retire, when a
position as forester is given them in the
royal forests. The yoke ot service rests
lightly on the body guards, for thoy are
on duty only every fifth day, and fortius
they receive 8 payment of .£l2 10s., a truly
magnificent salary asoompared with the
wages of some of the officials and domes
tics at the imperial j alaoe.
The La Grippe fn Japan.
The remarkable peculiarity of the la
grippe in Japan was its prevalence among
the upper classes, whereas the cholera se
lected its victims among the poorer peo
ple. Some idea of the extent of the epi
demic may be gathered from the (act
that, at Yokahama, the sufferers officially
reported numbered overßo,ooo, and it Ts
estimated that the unreported eases
throughout the prefecture wero nearly
twice as great. (>f the 190,000 inhabitant's
of Kobe, :i*>.<XM> wero attacked by the dis-
In Tokiothe epidemic raged with
great virulence, and similar reports come
from some of the Chinese ottisa,
There is a little cake and candy shop
opposite a largo grammar school in the
suburbs of Boston, and tho keeper of it
told me recently that on school days he
takes in about *?G a day, mostly in pen
nies, says the Traveller. He says that
the most curious thing about his custom
ers is that the poorer clad the children the
more pennies they seem to have for can
dy. One day he asked a shably little girl
how it was she had so many pennies for
candy. "O," replied she, "inarm says dad
don't ever give her enough money to buy
us clothes, and we might as well have
what she does get to spend."
John Plankinton, the retired pork
packer, who died in Milwaukee the other
day worth $20,000,000, was a butcher in
Pittsburg from 1832 to 1844.
SACRAMENTO, MOKDAT MOitsmSTGl, APRIL 20, 1891.
IN THE COKE REGIONS.
The Eviction Movement to be
GRAVE APPREHENSIONS THAT IT
WILL LEAD TO TROUBLE.
A Test Soon to be Made at Sandy Hook
by Government Officials of a Pneu
matic Disappearing Gun Carriage,
Which it Is Believed Will Revolu
tionize the Present Methods of
Handling and Discharging Large
Guns in Time of War.
Special to the Record-UsiOst.
Scottdale (Pa.), April 10.—To-day was
another lively day in tho coke region.
Numerous mass meetings were held, and,
preceding the wholesale evictions which
occur to-morrow, they are taken with
significance. With a brass band to stir
up their spirits, a meeting of several hun
dred strikers was held this afternoon at
the Summit plant, where imported for
eigners have been at work. Every effort
was put forth to get the Italians to attend,
but without avail.
To-night there is great activity all along
the line. The coke companies will make
persistent efforts to resume more of their
plants to-morrow, and the labor leaders
are out to a man in the hope of defeating
the movements. When the eviction
movement is inaugurated to-morrow, it
is expected that the same distressing
scenes of 1«81 and 18SG will be re-enacted.
That many families will resist seems to
be tho general impression.
It was learned to-day that colored work
men would be shipped into the region
during the coming week to take the
strikers' places. The imported Italians
and negroes will likely be the weapons of
the different companies to break the
strike, and car-loads of them are ex
To-night the labor leaders say they hope
Governor Pattison will come to the re
gion, as intended, and make a rigid and
searching investigation of affairs.
Test to be Mado of a Pneumatic Disap
pearing Gun Carriage.
New York, April 19.—The pneumatic
disappearing gun carriage for the ten
inch breech-loading rifle, which was built
at Boston under contract with the Board
of Ordnance of the army, has arrivod at
the Government proving grounds at
Sandy Hook, and will be in place ready
for a series of practical tests about May
10th. The ten-inch steel breech-loading
rifle, built by the War Department, which
was successfully tested at Sandy Hook,
and which broke the French carriage
made by the Creusot Works upon which
it was mounted, a year ago, is to be
mounted on the disappearing carriage in
a pit below the surface of the ground.
The gun will thus be out of sight, and
the crew secured from the enemy during
the process of loading. Then the gun is
elevated, and when discharged its recoil
will force it down an inclined plane, the
recoil being checked by a counter weight
attached to a chain.
It is estimated that the entire operation
of elevating the gun into the battery,
firing it and having it recoil back for
loading, can be accomplished in about
three or four seconds.
The gun weighs twenty-six tons. It
will be fired with 250 pounds of powder,
and will carry a 000-pouud projectile.
It is probable that if these tests are suc
cessful, the disappearing carriage system
will be adopted both in the army and
naval service as far as possible.
The latest invention of Lieutenant
Graydon of tho navy is that which he de
clares will supersede the pneumatic dy
namite guns in the projection of large
masses of high explosives in aerial-tor
pedo form. He has sent from London to
the Navy Department a complete descrip
tion of his scheme, by which he declares
that ho can convert all tho nine-inch guns,
both In the army and naxy, into efficient
long-range dynamite projectors, without
alteration of the guns, and in a very
short time a new improvement,said to be a
cheap and efficient gas-producing agent,
will be manufactured in different grades)
each grade having a distinguishable color
and a recorded accelerating power of four
pounds to the square inch, the gas-pro
ducing agent being as easy of transport
as ordinary ammunition ordnance and as
cheap and safe as ordinary powder.
Effort Being Made to Have It Moved
Washington, April 19.—An earnest ef
fort is making on the part of tho cattle
men from the far West to have the Texas
fever-cattle quarantine line established
by the Agricultural Department for the
great cattle-raising States of Wyoming,
Montana and Colorado moved further
south, and made to conform to the quar
antine line fixed upon by thoso States for
their own protection before the National
Government quarantine line was estab
Senator Carey of Wyoming has pre
sented the matter fully to the Agricult
ural department and it is probable the
matter will be fixed as desired. Tho
department has communicated with Sec
retary Rusk on tho subject and the Sec
retary thinks the department will so far
modify its instructions as to permit cattle
to be shipped into the States of Colorado,
Wyoming and Montana from the far
South as heretofore, provided those
States give a satisfactory assurance that
no cattle shipped into thorn shall be sent
out of the States before the first of Decem
Tho effect of tho order of the Agricult
ural Department moving further North
the quarantine line established by the
States was to work a serious hardship ou
large numbers of _uyn having cattle
between the lino decided on by the
National Government and that which tho
experience of the States named had
found to be safe.
Business Transacted In the leading
Cities of the United States.
Boston, April 19.—Clearing-house re
turns are as follows: New York, $676,
--821,000, a decrease of 2.1 percent.; Boston,
$97,958,000. a decrease of 6 per cent; Chica
go, $81,522,000, an increasoof 4.1 per cent.;
Philadelphia, 867,497,000, a decrease of 9
per cent.; St. Louis, $20,621,000, a decrease
of 5.7 per cent.; San Francisco, $18,284,000,
a decrease of 6.3 per cent.; Baltimore.
$13,952,000, a decrease of 5.5 per cent.- (few
Orleans. 810.320,000, an increasoof 17.4 per
cent.; Cincinnati, $13,667,000, an increase
of 5 per cent.: Pittsburg, $14,940,000 a de
crease oi 10.8 por cent.; Omaha, 18,093,000
a decrease of 23.5 per cent.; Denver, $4,
--556,000, an increase of 0.3 per cent.; St
Paul, $3,863,000, a decrease of 14.4 per
cent.: Galveston, $4,;>52,000 an increase
at b42.4 per cent.; Minneapolis, $6,080,000
an increase of 8.2 per cent.; Portlaud
(Or.), $1,879,000, an increase of 7.6 per
cent.; Seattle. $892,715, a decrease of 12 3
per cent.; Tacoma, $872,924, an Increase of
5.4 percent; Salt Lake, f1,740,000, an in
crease of 20.1 per cent.
Total for tne priu_*y_l cities of the
United States ami Canada $1,142,723,268, a
decrease of 0.5 per cent., as compared with
a corresponding week last year.
Twenty Firemen Imprisoned Beneath
v Burning Building.
Boston, April 19. —A fi occurred early
this morning in the Cal jrnia Building,
a five-story brick, priroi pally occupied
by Bailey ft Rankin, carpets. The total
loss is estimated at
While the fire was at its hight, the roof
fell, the debris imprisoning nearly twenty
firemen, several of whom escaped with
out injury. The streams wero at one di
rected to the part of the building where
the accident occurred, and in a few min
utes the debris cooled sufficiently to per
mit the rolease of the men beneath.
Chief Engineer Webber was among
the caught, and although bruised and
burned, ho did not relinquish his com
mand. Chief Reajan was also buried,
but his injuries are hat sorions. Captain
Willett was injured a* out the shoulders.
Captain Griffen was pinned down by the
heavy timbers, which hud to be sawed
apart before he could be released. Dis
trict Engineer Creswcll was pinned down
nearly an hour. His leg was crushed by
a heavy beam. He finally escaped. His
injuries, though painfhl, are not fatal. A
dozen other firemen were injured, some
CELEBRATING AN ANNIVERSARY.
Tho Sixth Massachusetts Light Infantry
Veterans Visit Baltimore.
Baltimore, April 19. — Tho Sixth
Massachusetts Light Infantry veterans,
known as tho -'Worcester Light In
fantry," and lineal descendants of the old
Massachusetts Sixth, well remembered as
tho first armed and equipped regiment
that marched to the relief of the National
Capital, arrived here to-day, at the same
hour and over the same route traversed in
Thirty years ago to-day the Sixth Massa
chusetts had a conflict with a mob while
gassing through the city, losing four men
illed and many wounded. The demon
stration to-day commemorates the anni
The veterans Avere met at the railroad
station by the Grand Army Posts, a de
tachment of Sons of Veterans and a depu
tation representing the city officials.
The address of welcome was delivered
by Mayor Davidson in a happy vein,
assuring the veterans of tho profound
pleasure in which their visit was received.
In the evening Duchesne Post enter
tained the visitors at Carrollton.
The Last Day of the Session an Ex
St. Paul, April 19—Yesterday was the
last day of the Legislature for passing
bills, and the session was a long and ex
cited one, adjournment not being taken
until seven o'clock this morning. A
great number of bills were not acted on.
The new usury bill was defeated by in
action, and the famous McHale anti-tights
bill was killed in a like manner. The bill
bringing the Building Associations under
charge of the Bank Examiner passed late
in the night.
The House fought all day yesterday
over the general appropriation bill,
amending it to such an extent that the
tax levy bill had to be amended to meet
the increased demurs for money.
REAR ADMIRAL TAYLOR.
He Dies ln Washington From an At
tack of La Grippe.
Washington, April 19.— Rear-Adm
iral Alfred Taylor, U. S. A., retired, died
in this city this afternoon from pneu
monia and acute bronchitis, following an
attack of grip.
He was born in Fairfax County, Vir
ginia, in 1810. He reached the grade of
Lieutenant in 1837, and in the Mexican
war, during the blockade at Vera Cruz,
and other naval operations along the
Mexican coast, he served with tho frigate
Cumberland. He was on duty in the
steamer Mississippi with Commander
Perry's expedition to Japan in 1853-55.
Two of his sons hold commissions in the
army, and the third lives in New York
WORLD'S FAIR LABORERS.
if Their Demands Are Not Acceded to
They Will Strike.
Chicago, April 19.—At a meeting of
nearly 000 World's Fair laborers to-day
resolutions were adopted that if their de
mands were not acceded to by noon to
morrow a strike would ensue.
To a reporter to-night one of the firm
employing the laborers said emphatically
that the reply to the laborers' demands
would be in the negative. Tho men ask
eight hours and $1 75 per day, instead oi
ten hours and §1 50.
At a meeting of the Chicago Trades
Assembly this afternoon it was decided
to give the World's Fair laborers the
moral support of the assembly. The con
tractors propose to invoke police pro
tection, and lively times are expected to
morrow at the World's Fair grounds.
Victims of Poisoning.
Louisville, April 19.—A majority of
the sufferers from poisoning at Linden,
Ky., are gradually improving, but Mr.
and Mrs. William Terry, of Anchorage
are worse. Mrs. Robert Gray and Mrs!
Clarence Warren, of Louisville, are un
able to take nourishment, and are slowly
sinking. George Beacham, a colored
driver, is not expected to live until morn
ing. Tho bride and groom ar9 in Cin
cinnati, and are quite ill.
National Republican League.
Cincinnati, April 19.—The city is rap
idly rilling with delegates to the National
Republican League Convention. Dele
gations are already here from Nebraska
New York, Minnesota, Pennsylvania!
Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. It is ex
pected that forty States will be repre
sented. Hon. John M. Thurston oi
Omaha, President of the League, will
arrive in the morning.
New Orleans, April 19.—The steamer
Olympic, from Palermo, arrived at the
quarantine station this morning with 450
Sicilians, who will be cast adrift in this
city Monday from the northeastern
Tho Great Carmelite Convent.
New Orleans, April 19.—The corner
stone of the great Carmelite convent was
laid to-day with imposing ceremonies.
Archbishop Janssens conducted the cere
Louisville, April 19.—Louisville 5, St.
Columbus, April 19.—Columbus 4, Cin
Wanted To Be Strict.
He was a new employe on the railway
and was making inquiries as to some of
tho details of his work. He was a very
smart young man.
"Suppose a circus goes over the road?"
"That is not very likely to concern
"But it might. Would it be proper to see
that a charge of excessive baggage is put
against the elephants, on account of their
trunks, you know?"
He is now registered at tho employ
DE LESSEPS' PET SCHEME.
An Endeavor to Revive Interest
in the Panama Canal.
LIEUT. WYSE HANDS IN A REPORT
ON THE SUBJECT.
Phylloxera Devastating tbe Vineyards
ln Hungary—Emperor William Very
Much Annoyed at Several Cavalry
Officers for Attending tho Races on
Sunday—The Participants are Now
Treated As Prisoners.
Special- to the Record-Union.
Pakis, April 10.—A report on the Pan
ama Canal has been sent to the liquidator
of the company, Monehicourt, by Lieu
tenant Wyse, who has been negotiating
with the Colombian Government to pro
long the concession. The report is a
voluminous document. It was apparently
prepared with the object of concealing,
amid tho endless maze of words and re
iterated expressions "about the'sanguiue
prospects, the actual hopelessness of any
further enterprise in that direction.
After detailing the negotiations, Lieu
tenant Wyse concluded: "If my success
with Colombia is not to remain barren,
the hour has como for a strong resolution
to take immediate and energetic action to
have capital invested in tho work, and to
preserve from destruction the vastest
project of tho epoch. If the underground
maneuvers, against which it is time to
arm, do not cause the pending financial
combinations to fail, the unfortunate
French public will soon recover, through
the completion of the canal, the greater
part of the savings so recklessly squan
Proceeding to make practical sugges
tions, Lieutenant Wyse advocates six
locks, with a single artificial lake in the
center, as the best scheme. He estimates
the timo required to do the work at five
years, and the maximum cost at six
hundred million francs.
Monehicourt personally considers that
the report offers a favorable basis for a
new financial operation. Tlie report was
issued to-day, and the press has had no
time as yet to criticise it.
According to the leading Marseilles
paper the Government, in view of the
prospective failuro of tho wheat harvest
and the dearness of bread, will propose
in tho Chambers a temporary suspension
of the tariff's on cereals. That the report
is true is improbable, but it is notable as
an indication of the difficulties that are
awaiting the Government during the
tariff debates in the face of thediminution
AT GERMANY'S CAPITAL.
Tho Kaiser Annoyed at the Actions of
a Number ol" Cavalry Officers.
New York, April 19.—A Shin Berlin
special Bays: The Kaiser is much annoyed
by the disregard of his wishes shown by
a number of cavalry officers in attending
ihe hurdlfc society races last Sunday. The
Emperor's brother-in-law, Duke Gunther
of Schwesig of Holstein, who was among
the delinquents, received a full measure of
resentment. So loud and menacing was
the language in which it was conveyed
that the Empress ran into the room to
protect her brother, whom the Emperor
The Duke and his partners in guilt
spent Sunday in the barracks, deprived
of tobacco and liquors, and in other re
spects treated as prisoners.
The Baroness Aiexanderissa Bescy is
ontertaining Berlin young men nightly
at the Cafe Chantant with abbrevi
ated skirts and risky songs. She
is the wife of one of the proudest
Hungarian magnates, aud was at one
time a bosom friend of the Austrian Em
press. She received a month for her
performances, and means to remain in
the profession unless her husband relents
as to the amount of pin-money he will
place at his disposal.
General Miles and Party.
City of Mexico, April 19.—General
Nelson A. Miles and party left for Chicago
Mexico will send the finest specimens
of various woods to the Chicago exhibi
London, April 19.—A baronetcy has
been conferred upon Hon. James Fitz-
James Stephen, Justice of the Queen's
Bench, division of the High Court of
Justice, who retired recently from the
Bench, owing to impaired health.
Ring In Wheat and Rye.
Berlin, April 19.—The denunciations
sent to the Government, protesting
against the ring in wheat and rye, forcing
prices to a fictitious bight, have caused
the Government to open official inquiry
into the matter.
Phylloxera in Hungary.
Frankfort, April 19.—The crop re
ports from Hungary say that phylloxera
is devasting the vineyards there. The
price of Hungarian wine has risen one
third within the year.
Authorities Differ as to the Derivation
of the Term.
Several correspondents have asked the
Evening Btm as to the correctness of the
term Welsh-rabbit. There never was
any question about it until Archbishop
Trench, in his "Study of Words," drew a
bow at a venture and ascribed the deriva
tion of rabbit, used in this sense, to a cor
ruption of the sound of rare bit. Lazy
lexicographers at once assumed tho good
Archbishop knew the whereof he was
speaking. Cheap schoolmasters, whose
erudition never went deeper thau the
cast-iron columns of an unabridged dic
tionary, gloried in correcting those more
ignorant than themselves. The new
learning spread to include the keepers of
cheap restaurants. Finally, in the cur
rent number of Harper** Monthly, in the
Editor's Drawer, use is made of tho locu
tion Welsh rare-bit.
What the real derivation of Welsh
rabbit is no one seems able to tell. Welsh
men have been the butt oi cockney wits
since Shakespeare's time, and it is proba
ble that the phraso arose from the abund
ant use of cheese in western England,
where it is chiefly made. In tlie same
way. in some parts of Ireland at the pres
ent time a herring is known as an Irish
At any rate, there is absolutely no au
thority for Welsh rare-bit except Dr.
Trench's wild speculation. In London,
which is the original home of the dish, it
has always been called a Welsh-rabbit.
No standard writer of* the English lan
guage has ever lent his countenance to
the atrocious phrase of Welsh rare-bit.
Even Dr. Trench was careful to give the
recognized English word, Welsh-rabbit,
and separated it carefully from its sup
posed unrecognized derivative, rarebit.
An intelligent use of the dictionaries
points to tho same conclusion. Thus
Webster, edition of 1880, gives Welsh
rabbit, and adds [properly rarebit] in
brackets, showing the latter phrase to be
one without sanction or authorization.
Worcester gives Welsh-rabbit full cur
rency, and ascribes its origin to a corrup-
tion of Welsh rare-bit. Both these are
obviously founded on Trench's unfortu
nate slip. Stormouth, a better authority
on derivation than either Webster or Wor
cester, is careful, in giviujr Welsh-rabbit
his full sanction, to say that it is a sup
posed corruption of Welsh rare-bit. But
none of theso lexicographers gives rare
bit as a separate word. Neither do tbey
give Welsh-rabbit as one of the applica
tions of the adjeetivo rare. Therefore,
whatever may be tho origin of Welsh
rabbit, the locution rare-bit is not Eng
lish. And, if anarchy is not to succeed
authority in the writing of good English,
rare-bit will henceforth bo buried with
fit associates in tho potter's field of bills
of fare in second-class restaurants.— Xew
HETTY GREENS WAYS.
Simple Methods of a Woman with
Forty Million Dollars.
Mrs. Hetty Green is said to bo the rich
est woman in the United States, and S''\
-000,000 is the estimated sum of her wealth.
She is a liberal giver to religious arvi edu
cational projects, more than a hundred
churches having been endowed by hor,
while upward of fifty schools owe their
establishment to her generosity. Against
this munificence, however, in her own
life and surroundings she shows a re
markable thrift. She spent tbe summer
of last year in a Long Island village, rent
ing for the purpose a shabby littlo place
most sparsely furnished. Here she lived
for three months, and tho towns-people
had an opportunity to discover for them
selves how prodigality of income can be
allied with penury of expenditure.
On the day of her arrival she wont to a
neighbor's houso and wanted to buy a
quart of milk. She was not known, and
there was nothing in her appearance to
indicate her identity. The family did not
sell milk, so her request was at lirst re
fused, although she was told that possibly
somo milk might be spared to which sho
would be welcome. Mrs. (ircon declined
the milk as a gift, and told who sho was,
adding that she wanted to make arrange
ments, if possiblo, to get a daily quart, for
which she was willing to pay ten cents,
the current price being seven cents. Such
an arrangement was finally concluded,
when Mrs. Green asked that a pitcher be
lent to her for tho milk service during the
summer, in which particular she was
also accommodated. Then Mrs. Green
wauted the milk sent to her, but this was
not feasible: consequently, on every
morning of her stay, she went with the
borrowed pitcher tor her daily quart. It
is only just to state that at the ond of tho
season the milk vessel, unharmed, was
duly returned. Her son and daughter
constitute the family with herself, tho
entire family living in tho simplest man
ner possible. They were regular attend
ants at church, however, and every one of
the trio invariably put a bill of generous
denomination upon every round of the
plate.—New York Times.
Largest House in the World.
Every American, European and Orien
tal country has its scores of public and
private mansions, yet Vienna, Austria,
has the giant of them all. The Froihaus
(free house), situated in Wiodon, a suburb
of tho city just mentioned, is tho most
spacious building on the globe. Within
its walls a whole city of human beings
live and work, sleep and eat. It contains
in all between 1,200 and 1,600 rooms, di
vided into upward of 400 dwelling apart
ments of from four to six rooms each.
This immense house has thirteen court
yards—five open and eight covered—and
a large garden within its walls. A visitor
to the building relates that he spent two
hours in looking for a man known to re
side in the house.
Scarcely a trade, handiwork or profes
sion can bo named which is not repre
sented in this enormous building. < 'old
and silver workers, makers ot fancy
articles, lodging-house keepers, book
binders, agents, turners, hatters, officers,
locksmiths, joiners, tutors, scientific men,
Government clerks, three bakers,
eighteen tailors, twenty-nine shoemakers,
and many other tradesmen live in it.
Thu house has thirty-one staircases and
fronts on three streets and one square.
In one day the postman's delivery has
amounted to as many as 1,000 pieces to
this single but titanic house. To address
a letter to the house and to the person it
is intended for does not assure the sender
that the person to whom it is addressed
will ever receivo it.
In order "to make assurance doubly
sure," all letters addressed to tho "Frei
haus" must be provided with both the
given and the surnamo of the person for
whom intended, the number of the court,
the number of the staircase and the num
ber of the apartment; otherwise it is apt
to go astray, as though addressed to a
city unprovided with directions as to
street and number.
At the present time 2,112 persons live in
this immense building, and pay an an
nual rental of over 100,000 florins.
The Biggest Lime Klin.
On West Eighteenth street, in the heart
of the city, is the largest lime kiln in the
world. People who believe that Chicago
has a foundation of sand may know how
far thoy aro mistaken by taking a peep at
this awful hole iv the ground. The boom
of the blast and the thud of the heavy
hammers have been rending tho air there
for thirty years, and scientific machinery
and appliances aro reducing the rock and
enlarging tho hole at tho rate of 2,000 bar
rels of lime and 4,000 barrels of crushed
stone per day. Such is the immensity of
the solid rock that work may go on inde
finitely. Tlie hole is already immense.
The surface of" the mouth must needs be
computed by acres, while the cubic feet
of its displacement run up into the mill
ions. Cable cars, with numerous diverg
ing tracks and turn-tables, take their
loads of stone over its lower surface to a
cable car track up which the loaded cars
go over 200 feet, at an angle of About forty
The writer while in this cavern noticed
the workmen running toward the eastern
wall and seeking refugo behind large
bowlders, and, following their example,
was only fairly stowed away beneath the
drippings of a mineral spring when he
heard boom, boom, boom, and, looking
out, saw tho air full of flying btone. A
succession of blasts demonstrated the
power of explosive matter over walls of
solid limestone. In a minute it was all
over, and the workers were busy and tho
cable cars running as though dynamite
had not been at work a moment before.
Many men, if they had such a hole in
the ground in the center of a city like
Chicago, would put a doer park and fish
ing lake in it, plant it in forests, supply it
with beautiful walks, make flower gar
dens in the walls and among the bowlders,
build mountains with caves in them,
havo floating gardens and toboggan
slides around its immense walls, with
stopping stations opposite tempting
caverns filled with delicacies; have sum
mer and winter retreats; advertise its
mountain scenery, its mineral springs,
its healthful climate, its pleasant walks,
and then get rich.— Chicago Herald.
Some writers in one or two of tho Eng
lish papers have boon again pointing out
the fallacy of the very common idea that
melted snow is an ideally pure water.
The reverse of this is true. So far from
being pure, snow is, practically, a great
purifier of the atmosphere from floating
particles and noxious gases. These the
flakes of snow imprison or absorb as they
fall, and, as a matter of course, when
the snow melts it is loaded with this rub
Speakership of the Next House.
The men who are the leading aspirants
for the Speakership are R. Q. Jdills of
Texas, Charles P. Crisp of Georgia. Wm.
M. Springer of Illinois, Benton McMillin
of Tennessee, and Wm. H. Hatch of Mis
souri. Mills leads all in duration of serv
ice, having been in the House eighteen
years. Springer has served sixteen years,
McMillin and Hatch twelve and Crisp
WHOLE NO. 15,447.
A GALA DAY.
Los Angeles Preparing to Wel
come the President
BUSINESS TO BE SUSPENDED ON
THE DAY OP HIS ARRIVAL
Every Boy aud Girl in tho City to b©
Given an Opportunity of Seeing tho
Chief Magistrate of tho Land —A
Reception Also to be Tendered Gov
ernor Markham When Ho PasscH
Through tho City to Meet tho
Special to the Rec-oko-Union.
Los Angeles, April 19.—General A.
Mcl). McCook, commanding tho Depart
ment of Arizona, has departed for El
Paso, where he wili meet President Har
rison and party and accompany them to
tho Pacific Coast.
Orand preparations aro being made
horo to receive the distinguished guests
When thoy arrive in this city Wednesday
afternoon next. A grand reception is to
bo tendered to the President. The ST-
rangementa which have been made for
the aflair indicate that it will bo the great
est day Los Angeles has ever soon.
Governor Markham and staff will
arrive in tho city on Tuesday en route to
Yuma, whore the Governor will meet the
Presidential party and remain with them
during their stay in the Stato.
As this will bo tho first time tho Gov
ernor has visited Los Angeles since his in
auguration, an informal reception and
welcoming will be given him at the depot
on his arrival. lie will bo greeted by
citizens and brass bands.
On Wednesday morning a special train
will leave Los Angeles bearing the wel
coming committee. This special train
will moot the Presidential party at Beau
mont, and extend to them a cordial wel
oome to Southern California.
Upon their arrival in this city the Pres
ident and his friends, Governor Markham
and staff and Invited guests will be placed
in carriages and driven to the corner of
First and Spring streets, followed by a
vast procession of societies, Including the
G. A. R., Loyal Legion, First Brigade of
N. <'. ( Catholic societies, inmates of tho
Soldiers' Homo, etc.
Along Sprint; street, between First and
Tenth, 9,000 school children will line tho
road, the boys on ono sido and the girls
on tho other. Tho President's carriage
will be driven down this lino, and as it
passes the children will strew (lowers In
front of it. This will givo every boy and
girl in Los Angeles an opportunity to sco
the Chief Magistrate.
When the City Hall is reached tho pro
cession will break. From a platform
specially constructed the President will
be introduced to the people by Governor
Markham. After a brief response by
General Harrison the party will go to
In tho evening there will be another re
ception at Hazard's Pavilion. Here the
President will also deliver an address.
Ail the banks and business houses will
be closed on Wednosdav afternoon, and
business will be generally suspended.
The Catholics of tho city held a mooting
this afternoon and resolved, with the
sanction of Bishop Mora, to participate iv
the reception as a body. This will be one
ot the unusual features of the affair.
The Hedgeberg Murderer.
San Francisco, April 19.—0n Satur
day a man answering the description of
Hedgeberg, the man who is wanted for
the murder of Mrs. Fossom, was arrested
at Colusa. From his description tho po
lice are positive that ho is the man
wanted, and as soon as his identity ia
definitely established he wiil be brought
to this city. Officer Anthony traced him
to Collinsville, but the man fled, leaving
behind somo of his clothing, which is
similar to that worn by Hedgeberg be
fore tho murder was committed.
Gold Mining in Sierra County.
Downieville, April 19.—The average
yield of the lirst gravel washed from the
channel recently found near Downievillo
by tho Bald Mountain Extension Com
pany was $3 a carload. The width of the
lead, as far as ascertained by tho main
tunnel, is nearly 200 feet. One piece in
the clean-up weighed over half au ounce.
The stockholders aro delighted over tho
favorable outlook for a rich and extensivo
Industrial Exposition for Washington,
Tacoma, April 19.—At a meeting of cit
izens held here yesterday afternoon, §94,-*
400 of a total of $125,000 was reported sub-
Scribed for the Western Washington In
The trustees were instructed to begin
work on the building, to cost $75,000, next
Monday morning and have it ready to
open Septomber Ist.
Oroville, April 19.— O. W. Corey,
after eating a hearty breakfast, fell dead
on the street yesterday. The supposed
cause of his death was epilepsy.
Jed Plum, employed at the Lumpkin
planing mill, had two fingers of his right
hand sawed off by a ripsaw yesterday.
The Great Strasburg Clock.
The present clock in tho Cathedral of
Strasbftrg was built in 18S8 by a Gorman
clock maker and machinist named
Schwilgue. It, however, replaced a sim
ilar clock which was built in 1571, aud
which, in turn, took the place of an ear
lier clock, that, according to local records,
was constructed in the thirteenth cen
tury by an unknown clock maker.
Many pieces of the two former clocks
enter into the mechanism of that which is
now regarded as the pride of the city, and
it is believed that the main features of all
three wore identical. The remarkable
points of this great timepiece are its cal
endars and its display of automata. The
quarter hours at all times of the day and
night are struck by an angel with a'ham
mer, while by the angel's side, an alle
gorical figure turns an hour glass as tho
bell is struck. A skeleton, surrounded
by figures representing childhood, youth,
manhood and old age, tolls the hour-,
while various deities, symbolical of tho
day of the week, show themselves at oach
hour. At noon the twelve Apostles pass
in review before the Savior, who, with
outspread hands, gives his benediction, a
cock crows, Satan appeal's and claims
Judas, and other automata go through
various movements, more or Toss repleto
with meaning. Tho calendars aro as
wonderful as tho mechanism, since by
them are indicated, not only the minute
and the hour, but the day of the week, oi
tho month, of tho season, of the year and
the time of the moon. The most wonder
ful thing is the fact that the clock is said
to be self-regulating for an unlimited
number of years in the future.
The Papal Chair.
As the list is usually given by the Ro
man Catholic authorities, Leo XIII. is
the 263 don the roll of Popes. For many
centuries past the Italians have furnished
nearly all the Popes. Ever since th«
death in 1523 of Adrian VI., who was n
native of tbe Netherlands, overy occu*
pant of the Papal chair has been an Hait