Newspaper Page Text
Letters of Instruction Issued to
Special Land Agents.
SET-LEMENTS ON LOW LANDS TO BE
Tho Interstato Commerce Commission
to Vl6lt tho Pacific Coast—President
Harrison Resumes His Official
Duties at the White House— Secre
tary Husk Ba_-_ the Presidential
Excursion Was a Wonderful One,
apodal to the Sunday Union.
WAsniNoTON, May 16. — A circular
of instructions to special agents, relating
to timber reservations, was to-day pro
mulgated from the General Land Oilice.
It says in part:
"It is of the first importance to reserve
all public lands in the mountanious and
othrr regions which are covered with
timber or undergrowth at the headwaters
of rivers and along; the banks of streams,
creeks and ravines where sneh timbor or
undergrowth is the means provided by
nature to absorb and check the mountain
torrents snd prevent a sudden and rapid
melting of the winter snow and resultant
in the inundation of valleys below, which
destroy the agricultural and pasturage
interests of the communities and settle
ments in tbo lower portions of the
For the purpose of securing necessary
data upon which lo base the recommen
dations for such forest reservation the
Commissioner gives tall and explicit in
structions. Alter making an examina
tion of the timber lands of any rainy
basin, and having decided to recommend
the same for a reservation, the agent is
requested to publish a notice ol his in
tentions in order that any persons inter
ested may be beard upon the subje t.
Becretary Noble and Commissioner
Carter are very much in earnest in their
efforts to preserve the forests in the West,
and every effort will be made to speedily
carry out in a liberal spirit the provisions
of the Act of March 3, UM.
Ho Resumes His Official Duties at the
WAS-mvOTOir, May IC—The President
resumed his official duties at the White
House to-day. There area number of
important questions pending in each of
the Executive Departments, and it is the
President's purpose to dispose of them as
rapidly as possible. The Behring Sea
question requires immediate considera
tion, and the President will devote his at
tention to that Orst, with a view to hair
ing the Government's policy in regard to
to ■ s,al fisheries, so far as the present
Beason is concerned, clearly defined,
pending a final settlement of the contro
versy by arbitration.
It is probable that tho sailing orders of
the revenue cutters assigned to duty in
Behring Sea will be issued next week.
The illness of Secretary Blame may ne
itate a slight delay in the preparation
of instructions, but it will be only tem
Several of the Land Commissioner's
WASHDJGTON, May hi.—ln the case of
Q >rge I". Ritchey vs. David Stephens,
involving land In the Roseburg (Oregon)
District, the decision of the Commis
sioner is affirmed.
In considering the appeal of the Cen
tral Pacific Railway Company in the case
oftho Company vs. Isaac \V. Phillips.
acting Secretary Chandler remands the
ca--" ior decision upon the question as to
whether tlio company selected said lands
or made such an application to select
them prior to the revocation of the with
drawal as wonld protect its rights against
a settlement and entry allowed after the
revocation. The cast; involves land in
the Shasta district.
Intho case Of the Mission Indians vs.
John.!. Walsh, involving land in the Los
Angeles district, the decision of the Com
missioner is affirmed.
The decision of the Commissioner is
affirmed in the case of the Central Pacific
Railway < o. vs. Benjamin W. Atkins
involving land in the Shasta district.
In the ease of Arrine Litenais vs. W.B
m n, involving land in the Visalia
district, the decision ofthe Commissioner
is affirnn d.
hi the esse of Isabella A. Somers vs
Kate McMillen, involving land in the
San Krancisco district, the decision of the
Commissioner is affirmed.
Lnthe case of Prank A. McAllister v-
Green Arnold and the estate of p. \[
Mahofiy, .. assignee, involving
land in the La Grande (Oregon), district,
the decision of the Commissioner is
WEATHER (HOP BULLETIN.
Weather Unfavorable in the Missis
sippi and Ohio Valleys.
Washington, May Pi.—Tlie weather
crop bulb■tin says: Tin- weather the past
generally unfavorable for
growing .Tups in the Mississippi and
< duo valleys, owing to the dryness of the
ground, and reports from principal wheat
and corn States Indicate a continuati. i of
the present condition during another
week, which wiU cause a drought likely
topi rious injury to crops. Small
grams and grass ;.r. in danger, owing to
the absence of rain from Tennessee north
ward. In the upper lake region and
Minnesota, although more rain is needed
in the liakotas. Nebraska and Kansas.
the weather during the past week was
more fiivorable, and frosted wheat is re
aring, but was probably somewhat
injured bythe frost last night. Favor
able reports are also received from Mis
sissippi and Colorado. Reports from
Kansas state tbe fly and chinch bugs aro
damaging wheat in places. In Oregon
the wheat prospect! were never better
and fruh is doing WelL In California
cool weather has greatly benefited grow
in- t crops, retarding the rapid ripening of ,
fruit. Day cutting ism progress through
out the state, but curing is retardedoy
partly cloudy weather.
THK PRESIDENTIA-L EM CIP-IOX.
Secretary Rusk Says ir Was a Won
WASHINGTON, May pi. — Secretary
Rusk, speaking to-day ofthe Presiden
tial ea said it was a wonderful
one. Especially gratifying was the re- !
ion in the South, but the great Amer- |
lean public waa enthusiastic, from start to
finish, and If the good folki on the route I
omitted any courtesy, it would be moro
than he could do to discover the gap.
"The feature of the trip that impressed
;..ore even than tho popular enthusi
asm," continued the Secretary, "was the
remarkable oratorical ability ofthe Pres
ident, lie made a greater number of
first-class speeches in a month than man j'
public men could think out and deliver
tn a lifetime. And his efforts were not
all pre-arranged, for somo of tho best
things he said were spontaneous."
Naval rheum a
Washington, May Pi.—Captain Henry i
Krbeu has been ord> red to the command '■
ofthe New York Navy Yard in place of!
Admiral Hraine. who retires on the ISth
of this month. On Admiral Braine's re
tirement Captain Stanton becomes Com
modore, ami Captain Krben will lira*! the
list of Captains with the relative rank of'
Commodore. An order was issued at the
Navy Department to-day transferring the
name of Rear Admiral Daniel L. Braine
to the retired list on the 18th inst. Ad
miral Braine has been in the navy about
Interstate Commerce Commission.
Washington, May IC—Wm. R. Mor
rison, of Illinois, a member of the Inter
state Commerce Commission, said to
night that the commission would leave
on Monday for the Pacilic Coast, where
they will hear evidence in cases that are
now before the commission concerning
disputes between the railroads and be
tween shippers and railroads. Their first
point will be Portland. They will then
go to Seattle, Tacoma and thence down to
San Fraucisco. They expect to be on the
coast nearly two months.
Revenue Cutter Rush.
Washington, May IC—The Revenue
Marino Otlice has received a dispatch
from Captain Coulson, commander of the
rcvenuo cutter Rush, now at San Fran
cisco, in which he says the vessel is now
ready to sail to Behring Sea at any time.
The Captain has not yet received his final
instructions iv regard to dealing with
vessels found illicitly sealing in Behring
Sea. which, it is understood, will uot be
issued until Secretary Foster has had au
opportunity to confer with the President
on the subject.
Blair and the Chinese Mission.
Washington, May IC—At a special
meeting held to-day at the headquarters
of the Woman's National Industrial
League ot America, President Harrison
was warmly indorsed for appointing
Senator Blair as Minister to China. Tho
resolutions request the President to
refuse to allow the United States to be
represented by a Minister to China,
unless that Government accepts Senator
ON THE DIAMOND.
Results of Yesterday's Eastern Base
Cincinnati, May 10.—Radbourn was
hit freely and effectively by the home
team to-day. Score—Cincinnati 8, Bos
ton 3. Batteries—Getzein and Ganzel;
Radbourn and Clarke.
Pittsburg, May 10.— The visitors'
fielding was weak to-day, and the home
team won with ease. Score—Pittsburg
14, Philadelphia 5. Batteries—King and
Mack : Esper; Foultz and Clements.
Chicago, May 16.—Brooklyn's short
stop's error, combined with a timely
double, allowed Chicago to tie the score
in the ninth, and lucky batting in the
tenth won the game. Score—Chicago 11,
Brooklyn 9. Batteries—Lubv, Stein and
Nagle; Hemming and Kiiislow. The
weather was extremely chilly.
Cleveland, May 10.—Lucky hitting
by the home team won an uninteresting
game. It was as cold as January, and
the attendance was small. Score—Cleve
land 5, New York 4. Batteries—Viau and
Zimmer; Sharott and Ewing.
A MI'RICAN ASSOCIATION.
Boston, May 10.—Boston 7, Louis
ville 3. Five innings; rain.
Baltimore, May 10. — Baltimore 9.
Cincinnati 1. Seven innings; rain.
WASHINGTON, May 10.—The Columbus
game was postponed.
Philadelphia, May 10.—Athletic b,
St. Louis 1.
St. Paul, May 10.—St. Paul 0, Omaha
Milwaukee, May 10.—Milwaukee 11,
Minneapolis. May 10. — Minneapolis
_1, Kansas City 8.
Siorx City, May 16.—Sioux City 3,
Lincoln 5; 11 innings.
ON THE TURF.
Tho Track at Gravesend Too Heavy
for Fust Tlmo.
Gravesend, May 16.—The track was
too heavy for fast time. Three-year-old
maidens, one mile, Hipatia won, Port
cheSter second, Mountain Deer third.
Mile and a furlong, handicap, Sir John
won, Tristan second, Lavinia Belle third.
Time, 1:59 J.
Two-year-olds, five furlongs, Oppres
ser won, Laughing Water second, Lady
Washington Colt third. Time, 1:05.
Three-year-olds, one mile, Russell
won, Tcrrifier second, Picknicker third.
Two-year-olds, five furlongs, Mars
won, Fred. Lee second, Patrimony third.
Time, 1:05 J.
Une mile. Watterson won, Baldwin
second, Strike third. Time, 1:402.
LonsviLLi:, May 10. -The track was
too dusty to be fast. Three-year-olds and
onward, mile and seventy yards. Milt
Young won, Dickerson second, Harry
Smith third. Time, 1:49.
Three-year-olds and upward, one mile,
dead heat between Comedy and Ed Leon
ard, Bernini third. Time. I:4.">_. The
run olf was declared another (lead beat.
Time, 1:45_. The second run oil waa won
by Ed Leonard in l:_S_.
Two-year-olds, live "furlongs, Huron
won, Gorman second, Farraday third.
Two-year-old maiden fillies, half mile,
Moberly won, I'nadllla second, Maud
Howard third. Time, 0:.">o±.
Three-year-olds and upward, mile and
a sixteenth, (.lockner won, Jubilee sec
ond, Response third. Time, 1:52.
BELIEVED TO HAVE SUICIDED.
Tho Whereabouts of a MfSfrtng Ileal
Estato Dealer Probably Solved.
Kansas City, May 18.—Arthur Dean
Queal, aged SET, a member of the real es
tate linn of O. 11. Queal A Co., of this
city, mysteriously disappeared December
7. 1860. No clue to his whereabouts was
obtained until last month, when the
cashier ofthe Kansas City Safe beposft
and Savings Bank received through the
mail from the Coroner of Centra! Mid
. London, a key with the tag be
longing to a vault rented to QueaL The
Coroner reported that the key was taken
from the body Of a young man who com
mitted suicide by drowning in April,
ISW. A photograph was sent to the Coro
ner, and established beyond doubt that
the body of the suicide was that of tho
missing Arthur tjueal.
I'Ol'I.I) NOT IDENTIFY HIM.
Indianapolis (Ind.), May 10.— O. It.
Johnson, who until recently was United
States Consul-General at London, was
shown the message in reference to Arthur
Dean Queal. ar.d s;iid: "I Investigated
the case as thoroughly as possible at the
time <>i tic finding ofthe body, but conld
not identify him as the man who went
under the name of Dean in London. He
came to London about the tirst of January,
IVhi. vs itli >s'>(hi i11 cash and drafts for $1,500
more. This money be spent in can.using
until be became penniless, and as the tes
timony of the Inquest showed, ho was
The Best Malden Record.
Nkw* Yokk. May pi. The new steam
ship of the Hamburg Packet Company,
burst Bismarck, which reached quaran
tine this morning, has beaten the maiden
record. The time of the trip was6days
14 hours 15 minutes from Southampton.
The differehce in the run from Queens
town to New York and that of South
hampton is six hours, so tlio Bismarck
beats not only the best maiden record of
any vessel that lino has, but also that of
any other line.
Steamer with Fire on Board.
Nkw Yokk, May 10.—The steamer St.
Romans Of the Summer line, which left
this port Wednesday, returned last night
with lire in her hold. The steamer had
o_7 head of cattle, 400 bales of cotton. and
16,600 bushels of grain in bulk. The fire
started in the cotton and the Captain
ordered tho hatches battened down at
once. Nothing can be done to extin
guish the tire uutilall the cattle are re-
TIIE SUNDAY r_N TION, SACRAMENTO, CAL., MAY 17, 1591.-EIGHT PAGES.
moved, and for this purpose barges have
[For the Sunday Union.]
Ah ! what is Fate, that to hor iron will
We all must bow submissive to her sway?
Though hearts be torn with agony, until
Hardened, embittered thoy accept her way.
Fate: Destiny! must it thus over be?
Nay, Love! Beyond this life we live again,
Where broken hearts are healed and misery
(ii yes way to joy, and there ls no more poiu.
Let Fate rule on; ah, yes; and Destiny
Sever our lives ! it cannot be lor aye.
See! iv the future, love, for you and me
Already dawns a brighter, happier day.
Let Fate do what she will; hope on. dear heart!
In l'aradise ull things to us are known;
And lie who bravely holds the better part
Shall wear upon his brow the victor's crown.
A. G. G. (Dora Burns.)
Gait's Social Upheaval.
The village of Gait was greatly exer
cised yesterday over the trial of a notori
ous woman named Georgia Lawrence on
a charge of vagrancy. She is the keeper
of a bagnio in that bucolic burg, and the
good people of the placo are trying to
drive her out.
A jury had not been secured last
Glanders in Ohio.
Dayton (Ohio), May IC—Dr. Home,
Assistant State Veterinarian, has returned
from Darrtown, Butler County, where
there is alarm over the appearance of
glanders. Three horsesjwere condemned
and several others placed in quarantine.
Fruit Damaged by Frosts.
Milwaukee, May Ki.—Frost in the in
terior of the State last night indicted
great damage to small fruits and early
The Summer Rush of Tourists Has
Preparations i'or Tholr Reception at
the* Various Resorts—What
Peoplo Aro Doing.
A correspondent of the Sunday I'nion,
writing from Tahoe City under date of
the Hth, says:
It has been some timo since any news
from our village has seen its way into
your columns. A few items now and
then may be of interest.
People aro flocking to all parts ofthe
lake, liko bees around a sugar barrel.
The season will be four weeks earlier than
last year. The snow has all disappeared
from the lake shores. At this writing
we are having a delighful shower —a
warm June shower, such as we read
about in books; and, to convince us that
summer is here, a beautiful bouquet of
wild violets was brought us by the chil
We noticed in the Truckee Republican
a quotation from a Sacramento paper
which stated that few tourists will visit
the lake this season. What grounds the
paper has for forming such an opinion is
beyond our knowledge, for already there
is every morning a stage filled, and some
times two. Already there is as much
travel as last year in June.
Captain Toduiau is preparing to begin
daily trips by the liSth of this month, oh,
yes, we look for largo crowds here this
season. It bas been many years since
people saw* as dull a season as last.
Mr. Larance and his corps arrived
yesterday, and will bo ready to open the
Tallac on the Ist of June.
It is not yet fully decided who will
open the Bellevicw House. However,
il is hoped that Mr. Roberts of Carson
City will conclude to hike it.
Mr. A. J. Bailey will be here by the
18th, a month sooner than last year, and
no doubt will bring tourists enough to fill
one-half the hotel. Mr. Burton is now
giving it a fresh coat of paint.
Frank Campbell has returned from a
few weeks' visit at Sacrameuto and San
Will Beaters, our Postmaster, after
spending the winter near Los Angeles, is
at his old post again.
John Hurley, who has been sick at
Sacramento, has returned, and his speedy
recovery Ls hoped for.
The steamers are ail being overhauled
and repainted for the summer.
The steamer Tallac is making its daily
trips, carrying mail and passengers.
John Williams has added a bay window
to his cottage, which, with fresh paint,
etc., beautifies it very much.
Mrs. Captain Tod man gave a children's
party tho 6th of May, which the littlo
folks enjoyed very much.
The families oi" Tahoe City aro very
anxious to have a teacher, aiid will fur
nish room and board and pay a small
tuition, there being only six children old
enough to attend. Let us hear from some
one desirous of spending two or three
months at Lake Tahoe. All letters will
receive attention if addressed to Mrs.
Captain Fray of Glenbrooklately called
on his lriends at Tahoe and Incline.
A BUSY NIGHT.
Several Lively Tussles on I_ Stroet
Special officer McLaughlin bad a lively
time of it on his L-street beat last night.
At about 11 o'clock a commotion was
heard in the deadfall kept by a negro
named Yates, and McLaughlin hurried
there to sco Avho was being "done up."
He found that a big strapping colored
fellow, under the influence of whisky
had terrorized the inmates of the place
and was preparing to annihilate some
body. McLaughlin ordered him to leave,
but the big fellow refused. The
officer then essayed to forcibly
eject him, but the drunken negro
was on the warpath, and a lively tussle
ensued. The officer finally succeeded in
getting his prisoner out on the sidewalk,
and there the tight was renewed. The
prisoner wrenched himself from the offi
cer's grasp and drawing a knife threat
ened to use it if arrested. Bnt this did
not frighten the doughty officer, who
closed in wiih him and tried to get the
knife. The negro held on to it, however,
and as soon as he could break away from
tho officer again started to run away. By
this time officers Campbell and Shellars
arrived and joined in the chase. They
finally brought the fugitive to bay in "a
Third-street restaurant and took him to
the police station, where be was charged
v. ith disturbing the peace.
McLaughlin returned lo his beat, but
had hardly got thedust brushed olf of his
clothes before hewas again called into
action. This time a couple of intoxicated
steamboat men had essayed topush offi
cer Campbell oil'the corner of Third and
L streets, and when the officer objected
oneof them struck him in the lace. Mc-
Laughlin ran over to Campbell's assist
ance, but was rewarded by receiving
a blow from one of tiie roughs which
knocked him down, (deeding and par
tially stunned though he was. McLaugh
lin returned manfully to bis task and an
other rough-and-tumble fight was soon in
progress—or rather two lights, for ollicer
Campbell was having a lively time witli
ike other man. Officers Biggins and
Simmons came to the assistance of their
fellow-officers, and between the four ot
them they managed to take the lighting
steamboat men to jail.
The dance halls were closed up at 12
o'clock last night for the first time under
the new polie" regulations, and the
crowd from them poured into L street,
and several fights ensued. McLaughlin,
in his endeavors to keep the peace, was
mixed up in each of them. and was rather
used up when the dust .settled.
Gun Club Shoot To-day.
Tlie Forester Gun Club holds a shoot
at Gerbert this morning at 10 o'clock.
The feature will boa $10 match between
L. J. Dwyer and li. Helms.
Xews in Mechanical and Electri
cal Science Fields.
.New Uses for Electricity—Discoveries
—Novel Machines—Motive Powers—
Scientific and Mechanical Progress.
The Record-Union presents herewith
some ofthe latest news notes in mechanic
arts, electrical science, etc., gleaned from
our engineering, electrical and mechan
The General Telephone Company of
Sweden has (1,254 separate telephones in
use in Stockholm, a city whose iuhabi
tants number 2-10.000.
Alter exhaustive experiments the
trench postoffice has decided to substi
tute a copper-coated steel wire in place of
the ordinary iron wire for telegraphic
and telephonic service.
Electric motors have been anplied to
upward of 140 different uses, and the
number is still increasing. The sizes of
the motors include those of,from a mere
traction of a horse power up to one of
o,UOO-horse power, which is in operation
It ia authoritatively stated that the
electrical underground railway in Lon
don iias proved that a speed of twenty
four miles an hour is practicable. There
are bills before the House of Commons
Irom many other British cities for rapid
transit railways on the same plan.
At a meeting of the Asiatic Society of
Bengal, at Calcutta, not long since, a
piece of cable was exhibited showing tho
India rubber covering pierced by a blade
ot grass. The contact of the grass with
the copper core had been so perfeot that
the efficiency of the cable had been de
stroyed. The species of the grass was not
A new departure in steam-yacht build
ing is exemplified in the Bteelsteam yacht
now m course of construction for J. M.
Forbes at the Atlantic Works, Boston,
which is to be fitted with a centerboard.
This is the first steam vaelit so fitted.
The centerboard is expected to serve two
purposes—to steady the yacht in a sea
way, and to keep her from making lee
way when under canvas.
ihe London-Paris Telephone Line was
opened for public asrvice on the second
ot April. The line has been built by and
is tho joint property of the British and
trench Governments. The total length
ofthe line is 297 miles, of which nearly 270
are overhead, the submarine cable across
the Channel being 24 miles long and
there is an underground cable about four
miles long at the Paris end.
Cement made from the dust ofordinarv
hard-burnt bricks, pulverized for the
purpose and mixed with lime ami sand,
is used in Spanish countries as a substi
tute for hydraulic cement. It is asserted
on the authority of an engineer who—
during six years residence in Cuba—had
ample opportunity for testing it. that it is
superior to Rosendale cement for culverts,
drains, tanks, cisterns and roofs.
The railway ears of the future must
have their weight reduced while their
strength is retained, This is the opinion
of Chauncey Depew, as reported in the
New York Sun. Of inventions in this
line he is reported as saying: "The steel
car is perhaps the most important of
these, and I would not be in the least sur
prised to SOB steel passenger and sleoping
cars run on our fast lines in America in a
In the erection of tho new* Equitable
building, in Berlin, the authorities re
fused to allow hoisting machinery to be
used. Every brick in the superstructure
was carried up on the backs of women.
In America: if women wore put to such
work, the thunder of public indignation
aroused bythe sight would almost shake
down the structure. Is Germany, famed
tor her learning still so materially, so
tar behind us in civilization?
An exhibition which may have im
portant results is that to be held at
Palermo from November Ist next until
May 31,1802. A special feature is to be
engines or motors not exceeding five
horse power effective, bnt perfectly safe
for use in small workshops or dwelling
bouses. Steam engines will be excluded,
unless they offer great advantages. Par
ticulars can bo obtained from the Exec
utive Committee of tho exhibition,
The "Bynograph" is the name of an
improved apparatus or car fitted with
various registering appliances which,
drawn over a railway, detects and re
cords every imperfection in the track.
The slightest spreading of the rails, un
evenness of surface, any defect in the
bedding of the ties, faults* in the joints
or looseness of the rails on the tics is
automatically detected and recorded, so
that both the precise points where re
pairs are needed and the nature of the
repairs are detected and registered.
A new and promising fuel solidified
from petroleum lias been produced. In
dian Engineering says that experiments
have been made at the Rangoon oil re
finery with a view of obtaining a cheap
and solid, fuel from petroleum, and a
very good rasult was obtained by heating
the oil and dissolving three ocr cent,
common _oap. The product 'is found
bard to ignite, burns slowly, causes
barely any smoke, and produces great
heat. It is claimed to be a clean andoon
v< nient fuel and superior to all oiher fuel
obtained from mineral oil.
In a recent lecture by Gisbcrt Earn,
before the British Society of Arts.' in
comparing the effects of stored power, it
is shown that compressed air machinery
had an average efficiency of 2_.70 per
cent., and it weighed "J'*) pounds per
horse power, per hour; whereas with sec
ondary batteries a total efficiency of 58
percent, was possible with a weight of
only 100 pounds per horse power per
hour. Therefore, as far as general effi
ciency goes in the case of self-propelled
vehicles, secondary batteries were twice
as effective with one-third of the weight.
An idea of the great interest taken in
the application of electricity in the pro
pulsion of railway cars is clearly shown
in the recent action of certain well-known
railway officials in _>ew Hampshire, who
havo contributed, it is reported, 812,0'>'J to
a fund to be used In defraying the expenses
of carrying out a series of experiments
in the hope of finding a Buitable motor to
displace the steam locomotives now in
use on the short brances ofthe Concord
and Montreal Railroad. As seldom moro
than one car is attached to the locomotive
on the short branches the cost of opera
tion is proportionately high, and itis in
the hope of materially reducing the
operating expenses that this fund has
been set aside.
The Iron Industry.
According to the latest issue df tbe
bulletin of tlie Iron and Steel Association
of Philadelphia tho production of pig
iron, including Spiegel, during the year
1890, was 10,307,028 tons of 2,000 pounds,
against 8,510,079 tons in 1880, and 7,268,507
tons in 1888. These three BIS the years of
largest production in this country, and
the output last year exceeded that of any
other country in any year.
The production of Bessemer steel in
gots last year was 4,131,535 tons, against.
8,281,829 in 1889, and 2,812,500 in LBSB, and
of steel rails 2,001,978 tons, against
1,091,2-- in 1889, and 1,552,631, in 18_5. An
Used in Millions of Homes— 40 Years tKe Standard.
interesting feature of the statistics is that
which relates to nails, showing as It does
the great cbantro which is taking place
in the kind of nails used. Tho number
of kegs ofthe different kinds produced in
tho three years was as follows:
IS--. l-so. 1890.
Iron. 0ut,..2.1 70,107 1,778,088 1.500.130
Steel, cut...4,323,484 4.032.676 3,834.816
Wirenails.l,soo,ooo -.2,435,000 3.135.911
Tot'il :,:>!'3.s'>l 8,345,758 8,776,857
These figures show that the use of wire
nails is rapidly increasing, whilo tho use
Ol cut vails is decreasing, though there
was a small increase in tho output of
iron cut nails last year over 188..—C hicago
Pashas of Three Tails.
According to tradition, one of the earlier
Turkish invaders of Europe lost his stand
ard by tho drowning of the bearer in a
river which the Turks were crossing on
their way to attack the enemy. The offi
cer cut off the tail of his horse and ele
vated it on a lance to serve as a standard.
Whether or not this is the origin of the
custom, it is certain that for a lone time
the rank of a Turkish General was shown
by the number of tails borne before him.
Three horse tails on a lance indicated the
headquarters of a commanding general;
two, of a general of division; one, of a
general of brigade. The horse-tail stand
ards were abolished by Mahmoud 11.,
who reigned from 1808 to 1839, bin the
title remains both in Turkey and in
Egypt. In civil life, tho Pashas of Three
Tails are Ministers of the highest rank;
the Pashas of two are the Governors of
provinces; those of one arc Sanjaks. or
Governors of towns or small districts,
'lhe power of tho provincial Pashas was
formerly as absolute as that of the Sultan,
but at present it is greatly restricted by
local councils, and appellate courts, which
have abolished many of the tyrannical
practices formerly common in the dis
tricts distant from the metropolis.— Globe
"Nature's Realm" for May opens with
an illustrated and elaborate paper on the
'•Physiognomy of Indians," by Dr. It.
W. Shul'eidt of the Smithsonian Institu
tion. It is a valuable addition to our lit
erature of the North American tri lies.
Some curious facts as to the relations be
tween the vegetable and animal world are
shown in the deeply interesting paper on
"Beneficial Associations Among Plants
and Animals," by George James Peiice
of Howard. "Kiilarnevand When to See
It." is by T. O. RusselL The "Habits of
the Loon" is by Dr. Morris Gibbs. "Fa
miliar Rural "Sounds." by Arthur F.
Rice, takes us into the forest and streams,
and describes the chorus of voices con
stantly welling up from out of tho way
places. "Professor Joe —A Story of the
Sioux" is by Samuel Parker. The
"Aquarium" and "Noffefl and Queries"
departments Still maintain their instruc
tive features. Published by the Harris
Publishing Company, 10 Warren street,
The June "Peterson" is as bright as the
month which it ushers in. This general
favorite of half a century deservedly gains
each year a deeper hold on tho reading
public. This number opens with two
beautiful engravings, a double colored
fashion plate and attractive needle work
designs. "In Hereford and Hunting
don," by Harriet Latham, is an instruc
tive sketch of noted English shires, and
is well illustrated, "a Complete Cure,"
by E. C. Creighton, is a lirst-class story.
There aro two novelets and numerous
good short Btories and poems and "Aunt
Hannah's Receipt Book." Peterson's
Magazine, .'IOO Chestnut street, Phila
"Goldthwaite-S Geographical Maga
zine" for May (106-11. Dnane street. New
York) is tlie most valuable number yet
issued. It is evident that this new mag
azine has come to stay. It is doing great
good in spreading geographical knowl
edge, tho results of explorations, his
torical researches, etc. The number
beforo us has a line supplemental
map accompanying the paper on
Peary's expedition to North Greenland.
It has also an interesting paper on l>r.
Junker's last exploration, and another
on enterprise in the Upper Congo Valley.
Tito "Engineering and Mining Jour
nal" (New York) for some years has
come to our table, and it is a most
worthy exchange. It furnishes us with
much valuable matter, and is at all times
rich in exhaustive news of mechanical
and engineering progress and experi
ment. It is an ably edited journal,
strong in its papers, vigorous but just in
criticism, and exceedingly liberal in do
bate. The number for May Oth is notable
for its illustrations of recent mining ma
chinery, and of Moebius' electrolytic past
"Macmillan's Magazine" for May, Mac
millan it Co., New York and London,
presents these papers: "Tho Voice of
Spring," Lewis Morris; "Ham House."
Lady Sudeley, illustrated by H. W.
Brewer; "Recollections of Grassoand the
Crassois," Margaret Tysson Amperst;
"Tho Marseillaise," Henry Herman;
"The River Cherwell," William Wing,
illustrated by Deane J. Simmons:
"Church Patronage," tho Hon. E. P.
Thesiger, C. D.; "The Witch of Prague,"
F. Marion Crawford, illustrated by SV. J.
The "New England Magazine" for
May (Boston) is rich in illustrations,
choice in matter and varied in contents.
Among the large number of papers we
note these of special interest: "Walt
Whitman," "The Loyalists," by James
Hannay; "Notes of New England Birds,"
by S. P. Cinney; "Early Dorchester," by
Mrs. Bernard Whitman; "Tho Dakota
Metropolis;" "Tho eldest House in
W.J. Henderson contributes to "Har
per's Young People" a series of three ar
ticles on the "Mariners Compass." The
lirst of these articles, accompanied by
illustration and diagrams, is in tho num
ber of tbat periodical for May l_th. The
same number contains the conclusion of
Edwin Lassetter Bynner's fantastic story,
"A Cruise in a Soap Bubble," illustrated
by _*. Vcrbeck.
".Nowadays" is the title of (ieorge A.
Hibbard'B story in the current number
of "Harper's Weekly.*" It is illustrated
by W. T. Smedley. The same number
contains, among numerous other attrac
tions, a double-page picture of the Tan
dem Parade, and an illustration showing
a group of the Yale baseball team of
The "Occidental Medical Times" (J. 11.
Parkinson, Sacramento) for May contains
reports of the proceedings of the State
Medical Society meeting for 1891, and a
grea quantity of medical news, besides
many valuable papers of interest to phy
sicians, surgeons and sanitarians.
"Harper's Young People" for May
12th has tho "Five Senses—Touch,"
With full-page illustration; "Cadet Cav
alrymen,'" by Caspar \Y. Whitney; "__"< n
of iron," by Howard Pyle," and humor
ous pictures and stories, and the usual
The "Bail way Review" for May oth
(Chicago) is representative of all the issues
of this sterling, vigorous, new .y and en
terprising quarto. It is a journal of
broad interest, broad views, and is ex
haustive of uews of railways aud railway
The "Coast Review" for May (.1. <i.
Edwards. San Francisco! is replete with
matter of interest to insurers and in
sured. There are seventy articles and
news notes in the number.
The "Kindergarten" for May (Alice B.
Stockhan A; Co.) is a number that we
should deem kindergarten teachers to
value highly. This little magazine is
till ing a broad field ably.
\\T ANTED 7. EXPERIENCED OPERA-
T T tors to work on sewing machines run by
power. Apply to L. ELK US & CO.. Front
and J streets. __________!_____,
WANTED-OSE LARGE OR TWO ME
1\ cimn-sized unfurnished rooms suitable
ior iiousekecmng. Situated below Tenth street.
-.actress t... this otliee. Una stale terms. mi7-:t
TXfANTED —IF YOU ARK HOT BN
JJvJSSUr a,,^, wa»t »ico. paying work for a
feu months cull and see us at 301... J street;
m*N7 ?..^i\ l ,chur, -*h standing preferred. J. A.
WILMORE & CO., publishers. mylS-M*
WANTED-PAKTNER WITH $860 To
Hrrw iS. >t'°. 1' i«»enlars call oa
HLujl GR il FIN, Suite House. myl6-S«*
IXTANTED-BOYS 15 TO 18 YEARS OLD
V » as stoekkeenei- and to train tor more
_f_SS___ nt _,pOSi!fo,ls- APfi*_7 CHAS. K.
1 UIPP.>, Superintendent Weinstock. Lubin
*__i , myls-ftt
WANTED-LADIES OF SACRAMENTO
to know that a iir>u>lass Tirt__ima_*lnjr
pHrtor luus beeu opened at 1020 Eighth street
where you cau get a dress made from *3 up;'
tailor system ot cot t ing used. my_2-Tt*
A _-_?S N Q _" M AN, "TItA.V EL ING CON SID
JTV erably, desires permuneutlv iv Sacra
mento a nicely furnished room iri the hous-c .>f
a musical and refined family. where he may
enjoy the cointoits ol 4 home: ivfcremvs
SiTen. Addren X.. this ot_ce. Answers will
be returned tf requested. _oyl_-dt«
T > ANCHERS - LKAVE~\ OUR ORDERS
tTiV!' T J- J- SMITH'S EMPLOYMENT OF
-11L E, 021 lv street, for good, reliable heh).
\\r A NTED-FIVE Q___4t______BN, WIDE
¥"♦ awake, with good address; salary or
S^K&SteSl. APPI-v to THESINukIi MANU
yACTX RING CO, 703 .1 street. qaya-lm
AY ANTED- A THOUSAND HEAD OV
yy cuttle to pasture on the Hovenden
Kanoh (late tbe G. D. Connors Knnch), on tho
< osumnes; also,a thousand-acres for -ummer
£_£?_'■ Al'l'iy on the ranch to MR. GON
TXTANTEB-MEN FOR FARMS, VINE
y y yards, dairies and all kinds of labor
women and girls for cooking und general
housework: plenty of work lor desirable belp
Apply at EMPLOYMENT OFFICE, Fourth
street, X and L.
LOST— A (JENTLEMAN'S SCARP PIN—
opal set with six diamonds. Liberal re
ward paid for its return to thi* office. _Qyl7-_t«
T /J ST~^'7u 0K _«^OUT TH E CON.il.i;ga-
XJ tional ( hurch. a gold chain bracelet with
padlock. Notify P. O. Box N and receive re
___ <To ict ov gunt.
110 LET-HOUSE (1 THIRD STREET,
between Q and R, containing six nice
rooms; lias large yard with fruit trees j.nd
stable. Inquire at ;>O4 J street. 8. ROSEN
1'1''II)- _ myl7-lw
mO LET—FURNISHED ROOMS siir.
±. able tor light housekeeping; also _t___le
rooms, at MRS. C. A. D. C.RAY'S. SIV; 1'
-l reer > mylfr. 1 1 •
mt) RENT-THREE FURNISHED ROOMS
I for toht housekeeping. 1528, corner Sec
ond and 1' streets. tnyl-i-'Jt*
010 TO LET FURNISHED HOUSE OF
.' . 'rXZ Xv 1'"°"ls- Inquire of FEJLCH di
! OpLEY, 1013 Fourth street. my. .::t*
GOOD BOARD AND ROOM AT 818 PER
month, or ..*, per week, at 1510 Eleventh
street; pleasant location- near Capitol Park
TO LET-A COMFORTABLY FURNISHED
room for one or two men, with or without
board, at <Jl:> F stnet. myli'.t*
mo LET-TWO NICELY FURNISHED
JL rooms, with bath and pantry, suitable ior
hous.-ke.pin_. at 1511 X street. myls-3t*
FUMTISHED FRONT K< >< >M T< i LET IN
qmre ot MRS. C. ROOD. 1008 Seventh
r^O LET-NO. 1613 P STItEET. A COT
-1 tage of five rooms; barn on the place. (_n
ply to MRS.,i. a. BARRETT, 701 Twelftß
corner rwelfth and G streets. mylO-tf '
rpo RENT-HOUSE ok' NINE ROOMS
I bath, gas; nice qulel locality; a desirable
home for the right party. Apply at 722
Eighth street. ' my9-l4t«
ROOMS AT INTERNA
ttonaI Hotel trom s.**> per month upwards
also family rooms tit low pile, ■>. \\* \ CA*
\\ XI.L. Proprietor. my7-tl
mv RENT-A NKW STORE WITH COUN
.I ter and shelving; cheap rent; live rooms
up stairs. Cor. Eighteenth and X st. ap2o-tf
HOTEL OF 100 Ru. ..MS. ALL ECK
nished, full of boarders and roomere to
lease; btst location. Inquire al lmi; Fourth.
CTURNISHED Rooms AT CENTRAI
1 House from f5 per month upwards'also
lamily rooms at low prices. HORNLEIN
HRi >s., Proprietors.
mO LET-THREE TKNKMKNTS. THREE
.1. rooms each; also one bouse, eight rooms
partly furnished (suitable for lodging or board
mg-house); also some rooms, furnished or un
lurnished. suitable for light housekeeping
lor particulars apply at WOOD YARD 401
I street. All .heap rent. '
HOUSE AND LOT EOR SALK Ed; --.-.,,■
will rent for §7. Inquire of STROBEL'
317 J street. myi7-7t*^
P.R SAKE AT A BARGAIN —AN UP
right piano; a good gentle horse would be
accepted m trade. Kor particulars address T
S.METCHNER Postofflce, Saciumento.mlT-a*
FOR SALE-A (Ji lOD WORK Hi >RSE \l'
ply 1610Tblrd Btreet at 12 o'clock, ml:;-*;*
FOR SAKE A WELL-BRED MAY EIKI V
3 years old; pcrlectly gentle and well
broke. Inquire ot T. COULTEIt, at W r
Strong & Co.'-. my!3-7t»
I^OR SALE-A FINE LODGING-HOUSE:
JJ rooms all full: the parties are going to
have the city. Address A. <
For SALE-COKNTRV HOTEL OF 20
rooms, furnished, in good location. For
particulai- call or address .MRS. s. J, BOL
TON, 518 N street. Sacramento. myl2-l !" '
FOR SALE—THE RIGHT TO A HOME
stead, 160 acres Government land situ
ated in the warm belt of the foothills; suitable !
for fruit; has two living springs andagood
cabin on it; part clear. For turther particu
lars apply to MR. SMITH'S STORK. Green
wood, El Dorado County. mvl_-",t
JTtOR SALK-A BEAUTIFUL HOME OF
1; 120 acres, situated in El Dorado, a quarter
of a mile irom the railroad depot, with two
dwelling-; and otber buildings; aiso, suO fruit
tre.s, mostly Bartlett. pears; 7,ooograpevines
and 20 ticres in grain; this beautiful place to
be sold for $3,000, if sold withiu ono month
1-or further particulars inquire of l, H
SMITH, El Dorado, Cal. m..0-i.t«
J7-OR SALE CHEAP—SIX GOOD HORSES
1 Apply at UNION BREWERY, Twentieth
and O Btreets.
IX)R SALE—A THOROUGHBRED MAKE
JO sired by Roots, out of Lady Stacy, by Nor
folk, out of Wildidle, etc.: she is a line breeder
and very gentle; also a thoroughbred .Tersev
bull Apply to EDWIN K. ALSIP & CO.
CIOR SALE-ONE OK THE FINEST AND
JT largest saloons in the city; extra, family
entrance: best location; stock and kase. In
quire at this oitice.
r,X)R SAKK OB TO SENT ON I.KASK-TEN
1 1 acres of bottom land, one mile below
Washington, Yolo County. if sold will take
small payment down. Apply to EDWIN K.
ALSIR dt Co.. Real Estate and Insurance
A,ents, 1015 fourth street.
FoX SALE A SALOON, DOING PRETTY
ralr business; reason of selling, owner is
about to leave the city. Inquire at this office.
MR. I. C. DUNSTER, PROFESSOR Of
music, organist Congregational '.'hurch,
gives lessons on organ, piano, singing (voice
culture), harmony; classes tor young ladles In
si.ht singing. For terms -tpply to MR. DUN
STER, tit church parlors, from y to l 2 \. m.
and 2 to 5 c. m. myl_-ti
pEWARD-920 REWARD PAID FOR
JLai conviction or information that will lead
to conviction of parties stealing this paper
from doors of subscribers. __y9-ti
/^LAIRVOVANT AND Tl.s'i' MEDIUM,
\j 1010 Third street.—MADAME DELL bas
arrived from Sau Jose and desires to Inform
her numerous friends that she will devote iter
entire time to giving satisfaction to all who
are in doubt, difficulty or distress; Madame
has derived Iter pbase of mediumship through
the spirit ot tiie great indra, who is the great
est ot ali the Hindoo deities, who is reverenced
r.nd acknowledged by all the races that in
habit India for thousands of years; BeeSons
scrit; fee, Sl; ladies, 50c; poor", 25c mys-lm
Baker & Hamilton,
—IMPOTVTEItS AND JOHBKHS OF—
HARDWARE, IRON, STEEL,
Agricultural Implements and Machines.
BARBED WIRE, CORDAGE, BELTIXG.
Sacramento CttUfornla |
flcttl <_._.t_-te, ©tc.
Edwin K. Alsip & Co.
OKFEU A FINK
20 - ACRE TRICT
Situated in one of the best locations m Hutte
County, uear Oroville, on which ther? are
1,230 Orange and Lemon Trees
279 OF WHICH ARK LEMOXS,
Balance budded orangeß, between -ico and
500 Washington Navels hi their third year.
ill's place must bo seen to bo appreciated.
Lail at or.cc ,uiu we Will show the land. In
I_- l*-. yt':4rs &©«■« now this pi:iee wiil pay
s-.)00 per acre und lucreavi each year. Wnl
aiso e_;cbause for city property.
Money to Loan
IX SUMS OF
$500 ANB OFWAEEDS.
Edwin li. Alsip it Co.
Real Estate and Insurance Agents,
1015 FOURTH ST., SACRAMENTO.
Ono Lot—lt is so\ m;o. two blooka from
snet-t ean,sttnat_d between two nice bonses
Title perfect, i.ot is high and fenced. Prico
is only You can boy it for ftlOO
down, balance In small monthly Install*
meats. Why pay rent? Pay it on* a lot and
ma few years own yonr own home. Qeta
friend to Btand tn with you and secure this
fine property. Remember 1 have but one at
tlii_ price, lt is without doubt the cheapest
lot in Sacramento.
A Vino, lliarh Lot, SOxIOO, cornor
1 wenty-fonrth and ti streeU. I tan sell this
lot very cheap.
Only lour Lots loft or those lino Jxits
40x160 each, on the nqgh side ( ,i v. be
tween Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth
streets. Take one for f5OO- Sim', down,
balance in installments al #ii» a month.
Street cars pass this j.roperty. Houses to be
built at once, on lots already sold.
101-1 FOURTH STHKI.T.
Blouses Rented. Insnraneeeffected in reli
able companies. MONEY TO LOAN, myl-lm
CITY AND COUNTRY PROPERTY.
—A FEW nESIItABUS LOTS IN*—
Aprents Snn Fire Ofllco of London.
Agents Travelers' Insuraneo Com
pany, Life and Aeeident.
Real Estate and Insurance Agents.
lOOT FOURTH STKKK'I. .Cl-ly
W. P. COLEMAN,
Real Estate Salesrooms,
325 J fL REEX*
$5,500—We are instructed to soil that elegnnt
dwelling No. 122>i Ostreet. between Twelfth
and Thirteenth. Lot 10x1 <»«'•, well im
proved; bona; ha-* 8 rooms ;md a.l modern
Improvements; stone walks In front. YOU
SHOULD LOOK AT TUTS PLACE IM
MEDIATELY. AS IT IS A BARGAIN.
$2,300-Lot .iOxr.o, Third street, between P
and Q; fine dwelling; of" _ rooms, well im
proved; gas, bath, hot and cold water.
THIS IS CHEAP.
lXlo±ae;y to Loan.
P. BOHL. E. A. CROUCH.
Mills & Hawk,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS, 301J ST.,
\ VERY DESIRABLE TWENTY-ACRE
Z\. tract two mile.- etist of Sacramento; cner
one-hull in trees nnd vines; house, barn und
splendid well; a good place for snbdividinc;
wid De sold low in order to close ap the estate!
AGENCY UNION lNsri* vxc _ CO.
The Property Known as the Gafford House at
Davisville is Offered For Sal*
ItfllS !S A GOOD INVESTMENT. AND TO
_ a person who will conduct a fi.r_t--l»s
-bonse, tho trade of the town and Burroundtoc
country can be relied on, by reason <>f the
established reputation and "weli-ltnown so
commodatlons of the botel. For par
ticulars addresa Mlts. JENNIE CONHANj
1° l"> i Mu< t, Sacrammto. Cal. iny>-d_:\yl*rij
FIFTH STREET. BETWEE2I ■■ AKD X
Sontbeast corner Tenth ar.d N streets-
Aortb l-^Ofcetof lot l.
Apply to LAWTON. BARNETT & CO.
RA. OLMSTEAD <fc CO., FOURTH ANI
. L streets, dealers ln groceries anc
provisions, butter, cheese, ejrtrs. tinest Japat
and China teas, California and Eastern hanu
j aud bacon, and every description of famiij
1 supplies. Telephone 343. ap-J-tf