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title: 'The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, May 23, 1891, Image 1',
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VOLUME I.XXXT.--KO. 78.
Explosion of a Powder Magazine
on a Schooner at Sea.
THE CAPTAIN AND POUR SAILORS
The Directors of the California Ath
letic Club Award Corbett and .lack
Hon $3,500 Each, and Offer a Purse
of 97,600 for Another Contest by
tho Same Parties Before the Club
Api!n-An East-Bound Passoiiffer
Train Derailed on the Northern Pa
Special to the RkoorivUnion.
Victoria (B. C), May 22.—Tho powder
magazine of the sealing schooner Juanita
exploded 200 miles out from this place.
The house ofthe schooner was blown oil*
and Captain l.oring and four sailors
severely injured. All wero taken to tht
While Thomas Finnegan, a section
foreman on tho Island Railway, was re
turning home on a hand-ear this after
noon, the latter waa struck by a, special
ougine and Einncgaii was killed.
Fred McNeill, a haekman, was found
drowned ma we'll at his own house to
day, lie had been suffering from dc
Change to be Blade in the Southern
Pacific Tracks at Yuimi.
San Fi;.\.\('!mi), May 22. —Surveys have
■i completed, and it lias been decided
oy the Southern Pacific Company to
build a iine of rail twenty-five miles long
.o replace the low-lying tracks east of
Yuma, which were washed out during
Last winter's storms. The new surveys
arc over high ground. Work will not be
commenced until tall, when the heat will
•je less than at present.
SAX BAXON VALLEY.
Sam Frakcisco, May — The new
•San Ramon Valley line is to be opened
on June 7th. The stations on it are Avon,
loncord, Bookaton, Walnut Creek,
Hemmes, Swing, Danville and San Ra
tion. One train a day will be run until
nore frequent service becomes □
nary. On the West Side Division, from
Los Banos five miles south to Annua, on
the Goshen Division, sixteen miles west
ofthe main Hack, good progress lias been
made, and the line is rapidly Hearing
rly Sii.OOO Subscribed for the Kite
shaped Track. *
Stockton, May 22.—The annual ses
sion oftlie California Pharmaceutical So
ciety closed to-day, and this afternoon
.lp' delegates were driven about the city
and to lunch at a grove outside the city.
Nearly $3,000 has now beensubseri
toward a fund to make a kite-shaped
. ut the ra »grounds here. It
B proposed to make tiie new track a
short distance from the elliptical track,
ciation promising to keep both
tracks in tine condition.
Yesterday water was for the first tune
turned into the Woodbridge irrigation
• anal from the Mokelumne River. Tlie
■i is six and a half miles long, and ex
dsto a point seven miles north of the
city, but will be excavated to this pi
The water in the canal now stands five
and a half feet deep, and it is thirty feet
New Cannery Being Erected at Fresno
FBESHO, May 22.—This afternoon
2:30 o'clock, the new cannery being j
ted by A. Lusk & Co. and a number '
tockholders from Ban tTrancisco and ■
ao, fell to the ground with a great -
-'■y.. There were a lar^e number of
hands working on the new building, but :
che only unfortunate who suffered any I
ejury waa J. W. Crow, who was caught
Under some ratter-, his nose was broken
and several ribs were crushed, itisimt
known whether his injuries will prove
atal, but it is believed they wilL
"Willows Election Board Caooo.
M.\ir,-vi!.i.i:, May 22. — The Colusa
election cases ware continued in the Su
perior Court to-day. The most important
timony introduced to-day was thai of
an expert in handwriting, who testified
that in his opinion the last fifty-five
aaim h on the poll list were written hur
..: ' •■ ly, and v, (thout de
ay. This indicates that they were fraud
tlently added after the polls
prosecution will close tlieir csseto-mor
., after examining over fifty witn<
La many more will be called bythede-
St.orO and Maxwell Indorsed.
Los AJTOI i-t.s. May 22.—The Chamber j
of »iommerce met this evening, and, after
ed< - .lotions that the appoint
ment of Waiter s. Maxwell as Chief of
an of Horticulture ofthe World's
lair would * ntal to California,
manimously indor 1 .t. DeßarthShorb
n »rabriel for the position.
i [orticultura] Society of Southern
California, bya vote- <>t' 13 to 5,t0-night
withdrew the indorsement of General
Chipman, heretofore given, and Indi i
• Pvodnoe tiie Telegrams.
I.os A.XOELOES, May 22.—In accordance
th the request of the Federal Grand
Jury, .!ii |ge Etoesto-day issued an order
directing Frank Jaynes, Superintendent
' i Btern Union, to prodnee ail tel
m his ] which passed
•etwoen Ricardo Trumbull and George
x- Kent, by whatever devices, initials or
signed, relating to the
schooner Robert and Minnie or the
steamship itata between the dat. -
A Hi-hwaviuan l i rrt_y_ng tin- People.
Sw l*i;\\, ;■.,,,, May SS.— A Ckr
special from Spokane aaya thai a high
\ man is terrifying the people near
Rathdrum, Idaho. He robbed three men
at different points yesterday. One of the
victims went to Rathdrum and notified
he police. A possee of citizens started
■mt at once to capture the robber, but
iave not lound imu yet. The man has
:i operating in this neighborhood lor
some tame past. It is believed if be is
,_.ht he w ill be Lynched.
Fined for Abusing a Justice.
Frksno, May 22.—A few days ago John
Hutchinson wm found guilty <>f disturb
ing the peace, and lie was lined §"75 by a
Justice of tho Peace. The prisoner set
in to abuse the Justice, and at each attack
ie was warned to make no more hostile
nonstratiens. They were made, how
r, and the Justice in turn lined the
prisoner repeatedly until it reached 1875.
The Justice then had the prisoner ar-
rested for disturbing the peace, which
was taken under advisement.
Bond Election Called.
Redwood City, May 22.—The Board
of City Trustees this evening issued a call
for an election to determine the bonding
ofthe town for ?45,000 for public improve
ments, to include a sewer system and
electric lights. The town now owns its
own water works, is out of debt and the
citizens are desirous of owning their own
lighting system. A new Board of Trus
tees has just gone into otlice, and is
doing everything to advauce the interests
Seal Poaching in the Behrlne Sea.
S.vx Francisco, May L'2.—J. Stanley
Brown, who was recently appointed by j
the Treasury Department to go to Alaska
and make an investigation in regard to
seal poaching, has arrived here, and in
company with Colonel W. H. Williams,
Special Agent of the Treasury Depart
ment, will leave for Alaska on the
revenue-cutter Rush. It is expected that
the Rush will leave here next week.
Red Bluff, May 22.-The District
Convention of the M. E. Church, Sacra
mento District, comprising about thirty
preachers, has been in session here this
week, Key. Dr. Gober presiding. The
convention discussed the labor question,
ethics of the secular press, women in the
church, temperance, and many subjects
relating to Christian work. Tlie conven
tion adjourned Thursday night.
Kos Anoki.ks, May 22.—At military
headquarters news has been received
from the San Carlos Agency that thirty
Indians of that place have enlisted in a
company which will be tilled with some
of men. These are the first
Indians who have consented to enlist for
services away from the agency. They go
to Florida with Captain Dodge.
Probably a -Murder.
Makvsvh.i.e, May 2J.— Blood spots
were found on the bridge to-day. They
were- examined by a chemist and pro
nounced human blood, not nunc than a
day or two old. It is thought tbat the
man who was heard drowning in the
river night before last, was foully dealt
with, and thrown from the bridge into the
water. No one has yet been missed.
Accident on the Northern Pacific.
BXJUSNSKURO (Wash..!, May 22.—The
east-bound passenger train on the North
ern I'acilic was derailed this afternoon at
Canyon, seventeen miles north of here.
Four coaches left the track, and nine per
sons were injured, only two oi' whom are
seriously hurt. The accident was caused
by the spreading of the rails.
San Prawcisco, May 22.—The Direct
ors of the California Athletic Club, at a
meeting this evening, decided to give
Jim Corbett and Peter Jackson $2,500
apiece for their exhibition Last night, and
to offer the men a purse of <<7,000 to fight
before the club again.
Sheepherders Kill Each Otlier.
Albuquerque (N. m.), May 22.—News
of an affray between tho sheepherders at
<>j"le Frice Wednesday has been re
ceived. Three were killed outright and
several others were seriously wounded.
Dwelling House Burned.
Nevada Crrr, May 22.—The dwelling
house of Thomas D. Price, on the east
erly edge of this city, was burned this
'•noon with all its contents. Loss,
§1,000; no insurance.
Ousley Held to Answer.
Mary-vim.k, May 22.—Wi1l am Ousley
was to-day held to answer before the Su
perior Court for the murder of George
Ball last July.
Miners on a Strike.
Colfax (Wash.), May 22.—Tho men
ployed in the Cedar River Coal Com
pany's mine have gone out on strike.
Secretary Tracy says lie is as strong
and Alert as He Has I'ver Been.
WASHINGTON, May 22.—1n view of cer
tain statements that have cast doubt
upon the condition of Secretary Blame,
a reporter to-day interviewed Secretary
Tracy, who said: "The business of our
department brings Blame and myself
much together. Any statement that
Blame is not as strong, sound and alert
mentally as he ever has been does him
grave injustice, only a few days before
Be left for New York we were together a
long time in consultation over a depart
ment public document. It was criticised
and discussed St great length, and I have
never seen him when he appeared to bet
ter advantage than be did on that occa
sion. I have not regarded his last sick
ness Ol current gravity to prevent his
early return to the discharge of public
New York, May 22.—Secretary Blame
is now able to be up and about the house,
and tin 1 doctor says his complete re
cox cry is only the matter ofa few days.
A JUOicri.ors BKPOBX. MB
Nkw York, May 22.—Mrs. Damrosch
was interviewed :i* to the report that her
father. Secretary Blame, was losing his
mind. She said: "The report is abso
lutely untrue, it is not tne first time,
you must remember, that articles of a
similar character have been published.
It father were to undertake to deny
cv. ry publication containing such re-
Sections as tliere he would surely be
ON THE TURF.
Haolng Events at Graveset&d* Chicago
• .r. \ \:>;m>, May 22.— Three-year-olds
and upward, one mile, dead heat between
Prince Royal and Sedate, Nelly Bly
third. Time, 1:41}.
Two-year-olds, (lye furlongs, Promen
ade won. Annie li. second, Ninono third.
Handicap, mile and one-sixteenth,
Loogstreet won, Senorita second, I
muds third.- Time, I:."> ',_.
Three-year-olds, mile and a sixteenth,
Kepanto won, India Rubber second,
Hoodlum third, Time, I:.>IK
Highland handicap, six furlongs. Bald
win won. Tanner second, Bell wood third.
Mile and a furlong, Carroll won, Fron
tenac second. King-Abridge third. Time,
CHICAGO, May 22.—Mile and an eighth,
Hocksey won, Atticus second, Harry
Kuhl third. Time, .
Halfmile, Dolly Nobles won, Foreigner
second. Blaze Duke third. Time. :->7a.
Six and a half furlongs, I'ost Odds won.
Climax second, Bolster third. Time,
Six and a half furlongs, Renounce won,
Gilford second, l'iukerton third. Time,
KorisvTi.i.K. May 22.—One mile, Sir
Planet won, Rob Forsythe second, Tar
quin third. Time. 1:47 i.
Five eighths Of a mile, The Hero won,
Buekhound second, Dore third. Time,
Mile and an eighth, Longshore won,
Mabelle second, Jugul third. Time,
Six furlongs, Greenwich won, Falero
ad, Unaduia third. Time, 1:20.
i Mile and a sixteenth, Dollikons won,
i Paramatta second, Alphonse third. Time,
SACKAMENTO, SATTTRDAT MORNING, MAA' 23, 1891.
This Government Receives Orders
From No Foreign Powers.
SO SAID SECRETARY BLAINE TO
A Minister Arrested la Illinois for
Counterfeiting:—Ten Ncfrro Convicts
and a Free Miner Killed by an Ex
plosion of Gas In a Mino In Ala
bama—Political Squabble In Bridge
Special to tho P.KeoRD-UxroN.
Nkw Yokk, May 22. — The Herald
makes public to-day for the first time the
inside history of the diplomatic contro
versy between Italy and the United States
growing out ofthe lynching at New Or
t leans. It publishes extracts from the
I Italian green-book containing documents
I submitted by Marquis di Rudini,
Premier to the Italian Parliament,on
I April 30th. In an interview with Fava,
; which is also spread upon tho pages of
tlie book, Blame says the I'nited States
j will not receive orders from any foreign
Government, and that he will stand by
: tiie Constitution. In a letter of March
27th to Rudini, Fava says:
"As Blame did not communicate with
me on the 25th inst., according to prom
ise, I called on him yesterday, and heat
once complained that I was hurrying
hi bain B manner entirely contrary to
diplomatic usage. 'I do not recognize the J
right of any Goi ernment,' he continued,
to tell the united States what it should
; do. We have never received orders from
i any foreign Power, and we will not be
gin now. Please inform Marquis di
Rudini tliot the Federal Government
cannot give an assurance of what be re
quires, and that it is a mattes of total in
-1 difference to me wbat persons in Italy
i think of our institutions. I cannot
; change them, still less violate them. The
I fact is Marquis di Rudini does not gi\e
lus sufficient time. You assure me that
i four Italian subjects have been massa
| ered, but I have my doubts on that point, |
as I am informed they were mixed ti}> in
some scandalous eleetond transactions.
Still I don't contest their nationality, but j
while I ask for time you want an official
declaration on the spot. Well, 1 will not
i do anything ofthe kind, and you may do
ss you please.' While Mr. Blame was
; speaking," continues Baron Fava, "I did
; not breathe, and when he had finished
I I told him that the Italian Government
did not intend to interfere with the in- i
tcrnal affairs of the United States and that I
the Marquis di Rudini did not intend to j
give any orders to the United States Gov
Public Interest Unabated In the AfflUra
of the Sprlnjc Cordon r.ank.
Phii,ai>ki.i,iii.\, May 22.—Public inter
est in the sensational developments in
the affairs of the Spring Garden Bank :
and the Keystone Bank, the flight of the
indicted President of tho latter institu
tion, and the resignation from office of
City Treasurer Bardsley, continues un
abated to-day. William IT. Wanamaker,
one of MarshCS bondsmen, this morning
offered a reward of §1,000 for the arrest of
the fugitive, and has employed a detective
to run him down. An attachment was
taken out this morning against the Brad
ford Mills, ot which City Treasurer
Bardeley is owner, by two of tlie sureties
on his bond.
This morning Bardsley made an assign
ment of all his property for the benefit of
The Clearing-house due bills issued by
the Keystone National Bank and given
Bardsley at various times that $990,000
of the State moneys were deposited, are
not worth the paper they are written on,
unless the assets of the bank include
more than the deposits as shown by the
; ledger. These due bills are issued to the
banks belonging to the Philadelphia
! Clearing-house Association for the ac
j commodation of depositors.
If Bardsley, when he received the
Clearing-house due bills from the Key
stone National Bank, had immediately
re-deposited them, the bills would have
been presented at tlie Clearing-house
the next morning, and if the Keystone
Bank had been a creditor to the amount
ofthe bills they would bave been paid.
Bardsley knew, or should have known.
that by keeping the due bills he was
simply speculating upon the solidity of
the Keystone Bank. The bank is not at
this time a creditor at the Clearing-house
to the amount of the due bills now held
by Bardsley, and they are therefore
At the office of the United States
Marshal this afternoon it was stated that
the rumor tiiat Marsh, the absconded
President ofthe Keystone Bank, had b< en
arrested in Montreal, liad been investi
gated and found to be without founda
Probability of Ills lie ject lon as Chief]
ofthe Hortieuiturai Department.
Chicago, May 22.—President Baker
and the directors appointed to investi
gate the charges made against Max well,
who is nominated for the Horticultural
Department, held a meeting to-day to ex
amine the papers in the case. As a re
sult of that conference it is probable that
the Californian will be formally rejected
by tiie board. The protests registered
against Maxwell were of the most vigor
Said one of the directors: "It is claim
ed he was thoroughly incompetent to
take charge of the work. His friends
tiled a counter charge that the opposition
to Maxwell was prompted solely upon
sectional grounds. That is not so, for tlie
protests tiled are from nearly every part
of the country, including California,
Maxwell's own State. His friends are '■
coming on to make a light for him, but T
don't think they can do him any good."
Congressman Spi-Ingrer Being; Boomed
BbXDOKPORT (Conn.*), May 22.—This
city is in a political turmoil which prob
ably has never been duplicated in the
history of this country. Six ofthe seven
Democratic Aldermen are absent from
the city, and several city Sheriffs are en
deavoring to ascertain their whereabouts
to arrest them. Mayor Marigold, five
Republican Aldermen and ono Demo
cratic Alderman are encamped in the
Council chamber in the City Hall, wait
ing for a quorum in order to carry
through several Republican measures
which have been the basis of the present
muddle. From the present indications
they are likely to have to wait for days, I
if not weeks, to come. The Mayor swears i
to continue the session for months, if!
The trouble is with the Democrats, who j
so abused years of power that they find i
themselves in the minority, and to allow j
the old Democratic city boards to hold i
over they have run away to prevent a |
quorum and the election of new nom
inees. City editor Word, of the Post,
fearing to leave the City Hall for a mo
ment, has his copy brought to tho Coun
cil chamber, and" he and his reporters
conduct the paper there.
SPRINGER FOR SPEAKER.
Sprinofield (OL), Maj" 22.—The Gen
eral Assembly to-day adopted a resolu
tion recommending the election of Con
gressman Springer as Speaker of the next
National House of Representatives.
The Louisiana Lottery Combination
Has a Hand in the Proceedings.
Denver, May 22. —The forenoon ses
sion of the Commercial Congress was
entirely taken up In the discussion of the
majority report, and at noon tho Con
gress took a recess without having taken
The hne hand of the Louisiana Lottery
combination was manifested in the
defeat of tlio resolutions calling for a
constitutional amendment by which
lotteries could be legalized ig any State.
The vote stood :;.", to 80.
The remainder of theday waa spent in
the consideration of resolutions, all
passed and reported by the committee,
but a warm debate was provoked by the
question of the Government ceding arid
tands to States and Territories.
\ resolution deploring the law ofthe
Forty-ninth Cougres9 prohibiting foreign
capital trom investing in r#al estate and
mines was adopted.
The majority report on arid hinds
Urged a cession of the arid lands to tlio
states in which they are situated, and
limiting individual purchases to 320
I acres at not less than %1 25 per acre, and
; that only citizens of the l : fted States be
eligible as purchasers, the funds derived
i from such sale to be devoted to the de
velopment of irrigation and reclamation
of arid lands. The minority report was
devoted iv strong argument toa system
of Government irrigation that would
bring the lands under cultivation.
Atter much debate, participated in by
Senator Warren, Judge Beiford of Colo
rado, Delegates Gunn of Idaho, Morse of
Colorado and Hardy of Utah, the various
amendments offered were voted down
and the majority report adopted bya
it was voted to hold two meetings cadi
year, one in February and one In No
vember. A basis of representation was
fi x cd.
First-t lass Credit.
WASHIKOTOK, May 22.—Secretary Fos
ter said this morning that lie anticipated
no difficulty in meeting tho quarterly
pension payments falling due June 4th,
as tho available cash balances by that
time will go beyond the amount re
quired. He further said while it was not
altogether settled, it was more than likely
the department would give the holders of
thesso,ooo,ooo of 4i-per-cent. bonds out
standing an opportunity to renew those
I bonds after September Ist at a reduced
rate of interest. The Seer, tary said re
i cent gold Shipments clearly established
i the fact that the credit of the United States
was above that of any other nation, and
could not be shaken ny the severest drain.
The financial situation was considered
at a meeting of tho Cabinet to-day, but
without any result so far as known."
Robert Bay Hamilton.
Nkw York, May 22.—The World prints
8 letter written last March by John Dud
lej' Sargent, partner of Robert Ray Ham
ilton, to a friend in Pennsylvania, say
ing: "His grave is close to our house
and has the most sublime outlook of any
place in tho country. His remains will
stay here, as be wished it so. His acci
dent Avas his own fault. When I left for
the railway he promised he would stay
at home until my return. 1 would never
let him go about alone, but he was very
eoniident in his own power to look out
for himself anywhere, and would not
have a guide. He was wild to be in tho
mountains after deer, and to ford rivers
and hunt alone."
Chicago, May 22.—Captain Porter of
the United States Secret Service has just
returned from a trip to Southern Illinois,
where he arrested a preacher of the gos
pel for making counterfeit coin. The
counterfeiter waa Bey. Jeremiah Holmes,
pastor of the Campbellite Church at lUi
quoir, 111. After arrest and incarceration
at Cario, Holmes broke down and con
fessed. He became a rector of the church
at DiKpioira few weeks ago, and only
last Sunday was elected Superintendent
ofthe Sunday-school. He has a wife and
six children,and told Captain Porter that
he had to do something to make ex
Fatal Gas Explosion.
Birmingham (Ala.), May 22.—At the
Pratt mines to-day an explosion of gas in
the shaft killed ten negro convicts and
one free miner named Tom Moore. It is
believed the men in some way knocked
off a plank from a door which stood
across an old chamber, and on which the
word gas was written. The gas rushed
out and caught tire from a lamp. The
Officers of the company went to the
rescue and worked to save the men, but
were themselves nearly suffocated and
narrowly escaped. The bodies of the
dead were recovered.
Promotions la the Army.
Washington, May 22.—Colonel Gib
son, commander of the Third Artillery,
was placed on the retired list to-day, on
account of age. His retirement will pro
mote Lieutenant-Colonel Livingstone of
the Third Artillery to he Colonel, Major
Bainbridge of the Third Artillery to be
Lieutenant-Colonel, Captain Hamilton
ofthe Second Artillery to be Major ofthe
Third Artillery, First Lieutenant Caaarie
to be Captain' of the Second Artillery,
and Second Lieutenant Osthcim to be
First Lieutenant of the Second Artillery.
Lextnuton (Ky,), May 22.—The Re
publican State Convention has nominated
the following ticket: For Governor, T.
A. Wood; Attorney-General, L. J. Craw
ford; Treasurer, Eli Farmer; Superin
tendent of Public Instruction, L. V.
Dodge; Register of Land Otlice, W. J. A.
Hardin; Clerk of Court nf iVppoaln. E. R.
Blame, of Lexington. A resolution was
adopted indorsing Harrison's Adminis
tion, and praying Congress for an elec
tion law that will give every American
citizen equal rights at the polls.
Broken Bow (Neb.), May 22.—Albert
Havenstein, the murderer of William
Ashley and Hiram Boten, was hanged at
at 1:30 this afternoon. When the trap
was sprung there was a snap aud a groan,
and the body fell to the ground. The
rope had broken. Havenstein, half
conscious, was at once picked'up by the
Sheriff ani deputies and brought back to
the gallows. The rope was doubled and
the trap again sprung. This timo his
neck was broken, aud death was appar
New Orleans, May 22.—The Supreme
Court has reversed the decision of the
tawear court in the famous Hope bond
case and decided in favor of tho bond
holders. Tho case has been before the
courts for years. Hope ife Co., sued
j for. a mandamus compelling the Board
,' of Liquidation of the State debt to pass
jon their bonds and fund them. The
i lower court decided in favor ofthe board.
j The decision was yesterday reversed by
the Supreme Court. It involves nearly
THE SOCIAL PROBLEM.
Extracts From the Pope's Ency
clical on the Question.
CAPITAL POWERLESS WITHOUT LA
BOR, AND VICE VERSA.
Opinions of Two Eminent Men on tho
"World's Finances—Desperate Col
lision Between a Party of "Workmen
and Police ln Berlin—New Cabinet
in Portugal—A Terrific Storm Masses
Special to the KKroHD-Uxiox.
RoJCH, May 22.—The full text of +he
Tope's encyclical on the social que.; ,n
has appeared. The following extracts
are taken from it:
The Pope sets forth that the divine law
rejects the socialist solution of the social
problem, which would abolish private
property, substituting collective and
common ownership. Now, as ever,
men's relations toward each other as in
dividuals, or parts of society, must have
the sanction ofthe old authority.
Considering the relations of the State
to individuals, the Pope says: "To think
that the authority of the State ought to
arbitrarily invade the family interest is a
pernicious error. Undoubtedly it can
intervene when the condition of the
family is too UsastroUß, but only to alle
viate it, and as the safeguard of ths rights
and interest of public power, without
violating any rights of the individual.
We affirm unhesitatingly that human
efforts are impotent without the concur
rence ofthe church."
A long demonstration follows, reciting
all the church h.is done to better the lot of
the proletariat The \\>i,c says capital is
powerless without work, and vice versa.
The proletariat cannot and ought not
to injure either capital or master. To
obtain the respect of their rights, they
must abstain trom violence. They ought
not to have recourse to sedition, nor
listen to the chimerical promises of agi
tators. On the other hand, the master
ought to respect tlie individuality ami
dignity of the men and the Christian in
workmen, and not abuse them Inhumanly
in their work nor exploit them beyond
The State ought to watch over the purity
of morals, and under order of the fami
lies'safe keeping of religion, justice and
moderation and equal division of public
charges. The larger the general pros
perity the less will the workers seek re
course to exceptional means to ameliorate
their condition. The State ought to see
that covenants relating to work are con
scientiously observed, and oppose any
thing that might cause popular passions.
Small wages often give rise to strikes
disastrous not only to the workmen and
masters, but to general commerce and
public industry. The Government ought
to prevent an explosion at thus crisis.
lhe State ought not to lee the workmen
become the prey of speculators and
usurers. A man's work should not go to
such an extent that he is forced to suc
cumb under excess of bodily fatigue.
Consequently expediency is shown in a
certain limitation of working hours.
The question of wages is delicate. The
State should see that agreements entered
into by workmen aro respected. The
element of the question is that the
workmen ought to be able with the
salary to provide the necessities of
life. Great social advantages lie in the
laws which favor multiplicity of prop
erties. These are the best means to pre
vent opposition between extreme riches
and extreme poverty, but it is also
necessary that properties shall not be
Institutions for aiding the poor and
facilitating conciliation between the
various social <-lasses aro especially use
ful in obtaining desirable results. The
Pope particularly mentions associations
for mutual BUCCOT, and institutions for in
surance in case of accident, sickness and
death, and the protection of children and
girls. He attaches particular importance
to the working people sassociations, ex
piates on the advantages of liberty and
right of combinations as long as these
associations do not present any incon
venience to public interests.
The Pope greatly praises those endeav
oring to better the condition of the pro
letariat, to establish bonds of mutual
equity between the workmen and mas
ters, to maintain a sentiment of reciprocal
duties, and combat intemperance among
Views of Two Eminent Men on the
Berlin, May 22.—1u an interview with
the Associated Press correspondent to
day, Baron Blcichroder, the well-known
banker, said his talk of last week had
been cabled back to the Old World and
had crested much comment in Europe.
Some of the statements were misunder
stood. He spoke rather generally about
the financial condition of the South
American republics, when, in fact, only
the Argentine Republic, Chile and Peru
were in his mind. The financial situa
tion in Brazil, he thought, is sound. The
general outlook in Europe to-day is bet
ter than at the time of his conversation
last week. The settlement of the Anglo-
Portuguese dispute cannot but have a
tranquilizing effect on European markets
and politics. Baron Bleichroder did not
think the expulsion of ex-Oueeu Natalie
would lead to further trouble. In con
clusion, ho said the importation of gold
into Russia has now ceased, as she has all
she requires. All American gold sent to
Europe will be returned by November to
buy crops, as tho crops of England and
France are bad and they will need much
oi* American grain.
Herr Barth. a high authority upon na
tional ecouomy, was. also, interviewed
by an Associated Press representative
upon the same questions, to see whether
these two great financial authorities
agreed. It was apparent that Barth is
not as sanguine as Bleichroder in regard
to the future. He said while tho United
States can look forward to a prosperous
and profitable year, the outlook in Eu
rope is anything* but hopeftil. Portugal
is on the verge of bankruptcy and the
settlement ofthe English difficulty won't
help her. She may fail any day, shaking
all the stock exchanges of Europe in so
doing. Herr Barth added that lie is not
satisfied with the explanation of finan
ciers and politicians for the accumulation
of gold being made by Russia. The re
payments of loans, etc., will absorb only
a small part of the £40,000,000 in gold
lately imported into Russia. Beside,
these forty millions are not all she has
been hoarding. Russia's object, in getting
together this large amount of gold is not
clear, but a nation demanding a large
amount of ready treasure is always
dangerous. In conclusion, Herr Barth
said bad crops in Europe will, of course,
be a gain to the United States. Event
ually, of course, the prosperity of the
United States may have a stimulating
effect upon European commerce, but
everything at present looks bad.
COLLISION WITH POLICE.
Workmen Driven to Desperation by
Jeers of Soldiers.
Bkrijx, May 22.—A number of soldiers
were rollicking in the streets of one of the
suburbs Wednesday evening when thoy
quarreled with a party of workmen on
their way home, whom they had pro
voked by their jeers and brutality, A
right followed and increased in violence
so that the police wero uuablo to stop it.
The cavalry was summoned to the scene
and, charging into tho thick of the tight,
succeeded in separating tho combatants.
Two brothers named Luder, privates of
the Forty-sixth Regimont, wero killed in
the melee, and a workman died alter his
removal to a hospital from stab wounds.
Many on both sides were injured. The
collision was one of the most desperate
that has occurred betweeu the military
and civilians in recent years, and has cre
ated much ill-feeling, more especially as
the soldiers were the ageressors and
peaceable workmen the victims.
Portugal's New Cabinet.
LlSßOir, May 22.—A Cabinet has been
formed as follows: General de Sousa,
President of the Council and Minister of
War: Senhor Yaz, Interior; SenhorMari
ano Carvalho, Finance; Senhor Moraes
Carvilho, Justice; Senhor Vilzua, Marino
and Colonies; Count Valbora, Foreign
A fairs; Senhor Branoo, Public.
The new Minister of Finance, in an in
t't-view to-day, declared ho had full con
fidence in the credit of the country.
Everything, he said, would be retrieved
by a strong Government determined upon
serious economic reforms.
Prince Napoleon's Body.
TrniN, May 22.—1n consequence of the
refusal of the French Government to
grant tho request of the executors of tho
will ofthe late Prince Napoleon, tho Gov
ernment has ordered the tomb in the
Church of La Supcrga, in which the
Prince's body lies, closed.
Paris, May 22.—A terrific storm passed
over this city yesterday evening, causing
considerable damage and creating much
alarm. A huge waterspout burst in the
Jarden dcs Tußeries, uprooting trees, .lo
st roving lawns and flower-beds and wish
ing away the pathways,
Outside Comments on the Condition of
The following extracts aro given to
show how the press of other cities view
the kite decision oftho Board of Trustees:
(Stockton Mail, May 21st.]
Sacramento is truly an unfortunate
city. It is not because the State Legis
lature meets biennially there, thus giving
the town a very hard name, that we say
this: that in itself is misfortune enough,
but it is only the beginning ofthe Capital
City's tale of sadness. It is a remarkable,
lamentable and ever-to-be-regretted fact
that not a woman resides in Sacraniento.
This is not because women have too much
respect for themselves to take their
chances on residing there, but because
they cannot help themselves. Members
of the fair sex may visit the city which
surrounds the Shite House, but they can
not and do not reside there; the discovery
has at last been made.
Tlie dark fact to which wo refer had
been concealed during all the past, and
would, perhaps, have remained forever
hidden had it not been for tlio brilliant
astuteness of the I ity Board of Trustees.
They are discoverers from away back,
and the melancholy fact could not escape
their eagle glance. A Sacramento ordi
nance requires the petition of a majority
of the residents in a block as a prerequi
site to granting a license to run a saloon
therein. A would-be dispenser of liquid
extracts found himself in an unpleasant
position. He was abie to obtain the sig
natures of a majority of the masculine
i residents of the block which he yearned
to bless with his business, but the women,
who cannot be mado to understand polit
ical exigencies, would not sign.
Then it was that the immortal Board of
Trustees made the discovery which will
cause their names to go thundering and
ripping down the ages considerably in
advance of those of Christopher Colum
bus and Sir Isaac Newton. They found
out that women are not residents of Sac
ramento. At first blush one feels in
clined to congratulate the ladies on not
residing in a place which elects such
Trustees; but as women eat, sleep, marry,
do business and pay taxes there, it be
comes evident that congratulations might
be premature. There was a great church
council in early times that decided by a
majority of two or three votes, and after
much discussion, that women have souls;
if that council had been composed ofSac
ramento Trustees, woman would have
been allowed no more soul than men who
refuse to permit her to reside where she
lives have brains.
But, thank the Lord, the saloon was
saved! What is a little matter of refus
ing residence to all women, as compared
with a glorious fact like that? Over the
grave where woman's residential aspira
tions are buried that saloon stands, a soli
tary but glittering monument. On its
one side should be written the following
To the Memory of
Who Once Resided in This City.' j
And on its other :
Erected in Appreciation of " :
the Narrowest Escapes
Who Ever Escaped—
Sacramento's Board of Trustees.
Of course if Sacramento's example
should be followed throughout the na
tion it would result that the dear creatures
whom men adore could not reside any
where, but would be homeless exiles;
aud, as men would be dead suro to follow
them into exile, there would be a condi
tion of affairs. In behalf of the mascu
line portion of Stockton, the Mail invites
the Capital City ladies to come down
here, where they will be permitted to re
[Oroville New Era, Maj' 21st.]
The efforts of the press of Sacramento
aided by the unanimous support of all
decent citizens, to rid the city ofa num
ber of low dives, have met a sudden and
unexpected check, by tho decision ofthe
City Council that women are not resi
dents. The law in the case provides that
no saloon shall be located in any block
without the sanction of a majority of the
residents, and for this reason tho sapient
or sap-headed members ot the Council,
who seek some excuse for not doing
their duty, and well aware of the fact
that their mothers, wives, sisters and
daughters would never sanction tho
presence of the sinks of iniquity with
which the Capital City is cursed, have
declared them non-residents. The wives
of those Councilmeu should lock the
front doors at night, and when their
liege lords come home notily them from
the second-story window that the part
ners of their joys and sorrows no longer
resided there, and advise them to seek
A Seasick Passenger,
On the ocean, cares little about a storm.
He is positively indifferent whether he
is washed overboard or not. But, set
right by a wineglassful or two of Hos
tetter's Stomach Bitters, he feels renewed
interest in his personal safety. This fine
corrective neutralizes in brackish water
—often compulsory drank on shipboard,
to the grievous detriment of health—the
pernicious impurities which give rise to
disorders of the stomach, liver and
bowels. To the mariner, the tourist, tho
Western pioneer and miner, the bitters
is invaluable as a means of protection
against malaria, when its seeds are latent
in air and water. To the effects of over
work, mental or manual, it is a most re
liable andidote, and to the debilitated
and nervous it affords great and speedily
felt relief and. vigor.
WHOLE NO. 15,476.
NOW A PIRATE.
The Itata Said to be a Vulture oa
the High Seas.
NO DOUBT OP THE GOVERNMENT'S
RIGHT TO CAPTURE HER
Tho Charleston Believed to Have
Passed Panama Southward Bound—
The Military at Acapulco Guarding
tho Esmeralda to Prevent Any At
tempt Being: Made to Tako Coal by
Force — Government Vessels Re
quired to Report tho Amount of
Fuel Used During Any Voyage.
Special to the RF.roito-Uxioar.
Washixhton, May 22.—The fact that
the Charleston has not reported her ar
rival at Panama yet is regarded by the
>favy Department as evidence that the
vessel has passed onward south.
the itata a rin a ii:.
CHICAGO, May 28.—A Washington
special says: "I don't think thero is the
least doubt about tho authority of the
United States Government to pursue tlie
Itata and capturo aud bring her in, for
she is now a pirate, a vulture on tho high
seas, sailing without a Hag," said a Cabi
net Officer, who represents the position
occupied by Secretary Tracy. "Touch
ing the right to seize the Itata on the high
seas, a recent decision in the District
Court for the Southern District of New
York, in tho case of ttie Ambrose Light,
is most instructive. The Ambrose Light
was a brigantine. and Bailed under com
mission and orders of ttie insurgents
against the established Government of the
united states of Colombia, sin- was
seized on the high seas and brought into
New York by the I'nited States gunboat
Alliance, where she was libeled for for
feiture as a pirate. Tiie question was
whether this vessel. Balling as the repre
sentative of a Power having no national
recognition, was, or was nut. a pirate.
Judge Hrownheld distinctly that ihe ves
sel bo sailing is a pirate; that the right to
make war upon the ueean is the right of
sovereigns only, and that until the Insur
rection or rebellion receives recognition
from other nations of standing as a bel
ligerent Power, its ships upon the ocean
are pirates pure and simple, and this po
sition he shows ma most learned and
elaborate opinion to be impregnable alike
on principle snd authority."
THS t'UII.KAX I>KI.K(i.VTi:s.
Pahis, May %%.— Whitelaw Reid,
I nited States Minister, in an interview
to-day was asked if it were true that at
the request of the Chilean delegates he
had communicated with the United
States Government asking that the or
ders sent to the Charleston be counter
manded and whether the United States
Government acceded to the request, Reid
said: "I have had no negotiations with the
agents of the Congressional party. They
called upon me, I listened to what they
had to say, but I refused to hold any
official communication with my Govern
ment in regard to their request.*'
The sSU'cle to-day reaffirms the truth of
the reported Itata agreement, and says
that the Chileau steamer will be taken
into a United States port and an embargo
be placed upon her.
City of Mkxico (via Calveston), May
22.—The military are still guarding the
Pacific Mail coal lighters at Acapulco for
fear the Esmeralda may attempt to tako
the coal by force.
Officers Must Report tho Amount of
Washixgtox, May 22.— Secrotary
Tracy to-day issued an order to all naval
officers in regard to the consumption of
coal. The orders directs all the com
manding vessels to make experiments in
order to ascertain the most economical
rate of speed for their ships. They are
directed to report the consumption of
coal per hour at varying rates of speed
from five to eleven knots, tho kind and
quality of coal used, the condition of tho
vessel's bottom,and such remarks in refer
ence to the iuost economical rate of steam
as experience may suggest. Vessels with
sail-power are directed when they havo
sufficient wind to carry them four knots
to use sail alone.
In conclusion, the order states that it
is expected that vessels cruising under
steam will not exceed their most econ
omical rate, except in an emergency
when the nature of the service requires
high speed, and in such cases a report
must be made to the department explain
ing the necessity for the increased speed.
Four and a Half Per Cent. Bonds.
Washixgtox, May 22.—A circular -on
the subject of 4i per cent, bonds wiU*bo
issued by the Treasury Department in'a
few days. It will announce that the
(iresent rate of interest on the 4i per cent
oan will cease September Ist, and will
probably say that the holders of all such
bonds as do uot desire their redemption
at that date may secure their continuance
at an interest rate of 2 per cent., thus al
lowing the owners the option of retain
ing the bonds at a lower rate of interest,
if they desire to do so, without placing
the Government in a position of asking
tor more time.
G. B. Raum, Jr.
Washixgtox, May 22.—Attorney-Gen
eral Miller has referred, in tho cases of
Green B. Raum, Jr., and other persons
alleged to bo connected with irregular ap-
? ointments to minor positions in tho
ension Office, to the Ij nited States At
torney for the district for whatever action
may be required by law.
Civil Service Commissioner Rosevelt
to-day said the commission was tho first
to bring up the case, and liad done all it
has power to do in the matter.
Callfornians In "Washington.
Washington, May 22.—George P. RLx
ford, of San Francisco,, is at the Ariing
ton Hotel. Sir. Rixford is here on busi
ness before tho General Land Office.
John P. Waley, of San Francisco, is at
William Dougherty, of San Jose, is at
the Ebbitt House.
S. L. Rice, a well-known Californian,
is in the city.
Washington, May 22.—California pen
sions—Roswell J. Brown, George H.
Blakeslee, Andrew J. Jones, Thomas T.
Goott, James M. Padon, George Strange,
George H. A. Dimpfel, James A. Brown
ing, Thomas Alium, minors of Georgo
LaPage, Hulda, widow of Bornhard
Detective O'Malley Arrested.
Washington, May 22.—The Chief
Postoffice Inspector has received infor
mation ofthe arrest to-day of Detect'va
Dominick C. O'Malley, at New Orleans,
charged with opening and destroying
letters addressed to Jimmy. Carroll, tha