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The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, September 05, 1891, Image 6

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ENGLISH SEASIDE RESORTS.
Pen Picture of Fair Bournemouth-'
on-the-Sands.
It is In England und Yet Glows With
Xownoss and Progress—Paradise of
Pines—Romances and Tragedies of
an English. "Doom"—A City of Villas
and Palutial Homes.
[Special Correspondence of Record-Union.
Copyright, 1591.]
Bournemouth (Eng.), Aug. 24, 1801.
Kegarded from almost any standpoint,
Bournemouth is unique among the great
seaside resorts of England. It is truly a
health-giving spot without certification.
Its scenic outlook is grandly beautiful
without appeal to guide-book, which it
does not possess, or to tho imagination,
which it lovingly prompts. It is rich
without being vulgar; aristocratic, though
not insufferably so; popular, and yet
dreamfully quiet. The omnipresent
'Arry, 'Arriet and "Tommy Atkins" of
every other known resort in England are
hero unknown. And, moro .noticeable
than all else to the American loiterer, it
is in England and yet glows with new
ness and progress.
While it ever recalls the brightness and
Bunny gaiety of our own best resorts, we
have not anyone to which it can properly
be likened. Take the almost matchless
foreshore of Old Orchard Beach, put be
hind it the picturesque and rugged sur
roundings of Bar Harbor, add a million
pines from the trackless forests of Maine,
give these the tender somnolence of dear
old Newport, and then permeate the
whole with that breezy spirit of endless
unrest which has wrought the magic in
such places as Chicago, St. Paul, Minne
apolis, Denver, Spokane, Seattle and
Tacoina, and you will have something
liko tho delicious composite that wins
your steadrasi affection here.
There is something in the very dash and
vigor of Bournemouth that lays hold of
tho American heart. It gives one a tingle
und glow to know that our hearty West
ern word "boom" is known and applied
hero with pride. To lind anywhere in
England such radiant activities, is a least
of delight in a desert of conservatism, in
ertia and antiquity. They .say that but i
a triflo over fifty years ago the beautiful j
situation of Bournemouth was still undis- \
covered, although some years before
George 111. hold his court at Wey
iuouth. but a little distance away, and the
military band played "God save the
King" whenever his Majesty emerged
from his bathing-machine to indulge in a
sea bath. It was in 1836 that Sir G. W.
Tappa Gervis plunged in the pine forest
and made a clearing. He built a house
hero and there, leaving the pines with
their saffron-colored cones standing be
tween. The interlacing valleys lent them
aeLves to the formation of roads, which
wm-o made fir-fringed and pine-plumed.
other builders extended the settlement i
sim<i dotted their villas among the pines, \
until a grandly beautiful and wide-spread ;
city of nearly 50,000 inhabitants, the great
er portion being members of the English
aristocracy and nobility, has been planted
in a pine forest, sloping down to the
"chines," or tiny canyons, which open out
t<> the circling cliffs of sand for tho wash
of the mighty sea.
Many romances ot sudden wealth have
l>.>on written in Bournemouth's growing.
Sidney Brown, one of the men who helped
rebuild < Chicago after the flames had swept I
that city into world-heart fame, learned \
there hi.ni lesson of opportunity so well that
in building here he is now become one of
the millionaires of this "Paradise of
l^ines." The great Durant estate, com
prising tho entire Bourne Valley, three
miles long, running through the center of
Bournemouth, and covered by its most
princely buildings and lovely pleasure
gardens, is owned by one marriageblo
maiden, ■ Miss Durant. This lady's
father came into possession of the prop
erty alter years of litigation and discour
agement so that<*he finally offered
his solicitor, one .Fox, an attorney at ;
Norwich, £3,000t0 accept his equities in
tho property, pay the costs and rid him
of responsibility. The honest, or hesitant
Fox, refused, but bus made in fees and
commissions a hundred times that !
amount out of the estate, while the lonely i
heiress is worth millions. The Shelley i
estate, formerly a few hundred acres of
sand dunes and pines, now owned by
Lady Shelley, widow of the late Baron
Percy Bysahe Shelley, the poet's s.>n, is
valu.-'i at a million pounds sterling, and
N receiving £50 annual ground rents for
countless halt'acre lots. It lies between i
Bournemouth Pier and Christ Church
Head, on what is known us East Cliff.
Tho present Lord Maivern, one of the
•< of England Directors, though al
■ a man of great wealth, added
millions t<> his properties through the pe
culiar influence he exercised over two
■ 1 Ladies -Lady Talbot and sister—who
i died w [thin a few months' period at
above 90 years of age some seven years
si:ie»>. They owned 800 acres of this once
pine wilderness. Lord Maivern accom
modatingly became their business "ad- ;
ir" — a sort <>f financial lady's maid to !
eccentric old couple. On their death
the community was startled to learn that
e\ ary lota of the vast estate had been be
queathed to Lord Maivern. who imniedi
v made short shrift of all the old sec
ants and other dependents.
Pages of similar romances and tragedies
In the marvelous increase of values in
Bournemouth, though the city's history
is a brief one, could be related. * The prac
tical side of this development is also cu
rious and entertaining. The city has no
"streets.' 1 All its thorough&res are
• ads," "avenues," "crescents' 1 and
"quadrants." They are all winding, and
there are DO "squares." The splendid
provementa have been almost exclu
y made by speculative architects and
builders. Aa values ad\ anced, parcels or !
ta were apportioned them by the
agents of various estates, the latter pro
ling Improvements in adjoining tbor- j
oughfares. These sites are all acre or!
half acre lots, and with the exception of
those of one estate they are leaseholds of
ninety or ninety-nine years' duration, on
aal ground rentals of from $50 to #500
ible half yearly, and with
w hat is known bore us "peppercorn," >>r
free ground rent for the first year, in def
erenoe to the builder's r,- k.
curious thing about Bournemouth
residence property; from Ifirst to last is,
that no sooner is any villa erected and
ready for occupancy, whatever Its price, ;
than it is already sold to some London
gentleman or nobleman. The Strugs
hero is not to sell houses already built, j
but merely to force building sites from i
the rich estates. The result must be that, .
with unlimited outlying piney tram-, the
city will become one of tremendous an a
and always a city of villas and garden
girdled, palatial homes. Only one estate
sells freehold sites, and these art <»n con
ditions which render the word a ridicu
lous misnomer. An equity of redemp
tion is securable on a thirty years'pur
tse. To illustrate: [fa building site is
i iSOOper year ground rental,
r thirty years, and the payment alto- !
»r of $16,000, it becomes''freehold/ 1
mi'iji'ct to aU manner of restrictive coy
• liits, such us that the property be not
used for business purposes, that the
building upon it Khali" not be in any
manner changed, that no additional
buildings shall be erected on the same
■ite, etc. Every -uch change imi
new agreement and additional fees. 1
believe it requires a license fee of $25 to
merely add a bow or window to one's
house, a few rooms are being added to
the Bourne Hall Hot. l property on Poole
lload, and the license fee is $3,800. -
that while there are from2ooto400 resi
dences in Bournemouth, each one "of
m Inch cost 52.~.,(Kt0 and upward, and from
twenty to fifty which have each cost '
SiIiVKK) and upward, there are practi
cally no people in Bournemouth who ab
solutely own their homes,save the half
dozen possessors of the great estates.
Nature and invalidTsm have made
The ciimato of threat
SACBAMEKTO DAILY ItKCOKD-TjyiQy, SATTTiDAT, SEPTEMBER 5, 1891.—EIGHT PAGES.
Britain is Death vailed in humidity, ever j
leaving in nearly every household in- I
eradieable pulmonary disease. There are !
in the two islands enough aristocratic in
valids, or titled and untitled rich people
who have this sort of invalidism in their
families, to build anywhere in England
another city, rich and great as London, i
in which to house them. The pines, the
sands, tho sea and an almost semi-tropi
cal climate are found in this magical city
of the "English Rivers." They alto
gether exist nowhere else in Britain.
This is solely why a wilderness, where
heath-coverod, pine-hid sand dunes,
worth half a century since less than $60
per acre, has been transformed into a
spot more beautiful than the royal gar
dens at Kew, where the same land in
many instances has a profit-making
value of more than $900,000 per acre!
Bournemouth is less than three hours'
time from London, and is reached by the
London and Southwestern Railway. The
first scent of the sea is got at Poole.
Three miles more and you are at Bourne
mouth. There are Bournemouth east
and west stations. These are set far out
from the crescent, pine-imbedded city,
.so that those who come within the fairy
place shall see no railway smoke and
grime, and never be disturbed by the
locomotive's whistle. There is no dirt
uor poverty at Bournemouth. The most
startling noise is the swell of the great
orchestral bands. Birds sing here as in
the wildwood. The primeval forest is
still standing, and the threnodies of the
wind in the pines go on and on when
night has stilled the birds.
Where the people have felled the pines
they have planted rhododendrons, the ar
butus, the laurestina, myrtle andbbar,j r,
and a myriad of other shrubs and ever
greens instead. These grow on the
south coast in almost tropical luxuriance.
The silvery Bourne, springing among
the heath at Kinson, scarcely more than J
a blue thread here, shows the sinuous \
valley depth, with the wide, fair city
gently ascending to tho east and west,
us journey is a pathway through a noble
garden. .Just before it reaches tho city
edge and the sea it wimples through an
evergreen and overshadowed arboretum,
sweet, solemn and still. These gardens
are interlaced walks, drives and devious
wooded nooks. Avenues ot ancient pines
are softly melodious here. The sun steals
through the vaulted roof iv flecks and
splinters of light. This is tho famous
"Invalids' Walk."
The shore and seacape at Bournemouth |
are the most beautiful to be found in Eu- '
rope. The shore is a perfect crescent,,
facing the south, twelve miles in length,
terminating on the east in the bold
Christchurch Head, and on the west in
the .still bolder headland and stacks of the
Did Harry Rocks. The foreshore, pene
trated by one of the handsomest piers in
England, is an eighth of a mile In width,
golden and level, with no pebble upon it
as large as a pea. Behind this, broken
only where tho Bourne meets the sea and
shows its hides, terraced with superb
villas and almost palaces, is a continuous
elin'of pure sand, here and there indented I
with tiny "chines." The cliff is from 100 ,
to ."JOO feet in bight. All the "chines" are I
merry burrows for children and lovers. '<
Lookout houses and "shelters" line the I
edge for miles above. By night tho shore
is ablaze with light, the sea ablaze with
harbor and sailing lights. By night or
day the eye never rots upon tho sea
without glimpses of hundreds of steam
ers and sails. Straight across the Solent,
toward France, is the Isle of Wight, the
.Needles foam white at their feet. The
whole is a dream of majestic beauty and
repose. Bournemouth is ideal—for the
rich. The poor man can but look upon
it and steal the ravishing picture for dis
tant, striving hours.
Although Bournemouth itself is new j
one does not have to remain long a vis
itor to find it, its near headlands and
islands and its outlying moors and for
ests, rich in associative interest. In its !
beautiful St. Peter's Church is a line
memorial window to the poet Keble, '
who died in the "Evergreen Valley," i
leaving to the region the legacy of a
saintly name and blameless life. Ancient j
Swanage, just over there to the west be
yond < >ld llarrj' Rocks, where time itself
.seems dreaming, was the favorite haunt
of that grand man and noble writer,
Charles Kiugslev.
Near is the Isle of Purbeck. Its dark
purple marble is found in nearly every
cathedral of England. The same island
has als.. been made noted in the "Life of
Lord Kldon." Housed to "breathe long
columns of air" here, it is related. When
he was Lord Chancellor and lived in Pur
beck his mansion took tire, and through
this circumstance England temporally
lost it> historic grent seal. His first care
at the time of the conflagration, he told a
friend, was for the great seal, of which
the Lord Chancellor is custodian. By
way of securing it during the confusion
he buried it. The next morning when he
came to reflect, he could not remember!
the spot, and his whole family and ret- I
inue of servants were set probing und
digging about the walks and carriage
ways until it was found.
At Corfe Castle one is reminded thai
.Sir Christopher Hatton so loved the place I
for its healthfnlness that he induced i
♦ Jueen Elizabeth to alienate it from the
crown lands in his favor. The ivy does
not cling thicker to old Heron Court, the
s«at of Lord Malemsbury, than do liter
ary associations. The founder of the
family wrote "Hermes." perhaps the
it tome of reasoning since the time
of Aristotle. When its author entered
the House of Commons Charles Fox
thought it no place for him, for the gr at
w liter 'in grammar and harmony was
sure, in Fox's opinion, to lind "neither
tho one nor the other" within that
august body. The late Lord Chancellor
Cairns lived and died at Bournemouth,
and is splendidly remembered in the
Cairns Memorial Hall. Among the heath
hills of near New Forest, you may see
the relic tree of Kmg William Rufus.and
at Stony Cross Hill is the stone set up to
the memory of the same red-headed
ruffian whom Tyrrel shot purposely or
by accident.
Then there is the noble minster at
Wimbourne. the wonderful old Norman
priory at Christchurch, and everywhere
along shore, among the shines and caves
of Tilly Whim, mementoes of smugglers
and pirates. Not so very long ago the
freebooters did a thriving" trade between
this coast and thi opposite co:=st of
France. The coast guards many a time
found their match in these daring fell-
OWS, and blood was let nearly as often as
brandy and tea were taken. The coast
folk believed smuggling no crime,
and one who lost his life battling against
law died the hero's death. In Kinson
Churchyard you may-till read this in
scription over the grave of one who fell
by the hands of tiie crown myrmidons:
"To the memory <>f Robert Trotman, late
<■! Hi yd, in the County of Wilts, who was
barbarously murdered on the shore near
Poole, on the ~\lh of March, 17<:">.
•• A little tea, one leaf I did not stc ii.
i>.r guiltless blood I to <• d appeal;
Jut t« h In one >r.iv, human blood In 'tother,
And thlak what 'us to >iay thy harmless
brother."
If there is a shrine in England sacred to
, the poet Shelley It is here at Bourne
mouth. He was born at Kill Place, in
I the County of Sussex, and was drowned
!in the Gulf of Spezzia in July, 1822. Bis
body \mis recovered and was interred in
the burial place at Rome for Protestant
strangers. Mary Woolstonecroft Shel
ley, his wife, died n.ar Bournemouth,
and was buried February. 185 L She was
• ! years of age at the time of her death.
"heir son, -sir Percy Bysshe Shelley,
-i.e.i two years aince.ai the family seat,
n ar Bournemouth, where his widow,
Lady Shelley, still resides. They had no
children, and the title of Baronet passed
to Colonel Shelley of Avington, near
Winchester, lhe latter is a nephew to
the p<»t and cousin of the son, the late
>-ir Percy. In the quaint old Priory
Church at Christchurch Head, at the
eastern ed^e ol Bournemouth, may be
seen ■ beautiful memorial to the poet and
his wife, it is an exquisite marble effigy
of Shelley, recumbent, supported in the
anna Of his kneeling wife.
EPQAB L. Wakkman.
The record of cures acoompiised by
Hood's Sarsaparilla can never be com
pletely written. Tho peculiar curative
j powers of Hood's Raraa|iariHa are suc
cessful when everything else has failed.
If your blood is impure, your digestion
out of order, try Hood's Sarsaparilla.
—♦ .
Lapifs never have any dyspepsia after
a wine gla^s of Angostura Bitters, the
genuine of Dr. J. G. B. bicgert i\: Sons,
HOFFMAN CHANGING BASE.
He Leaves Ventura County Amid
Tears and Sobs.
"What "Will Ix>s Anselos Do "With Him?
—Heartfelt Words Spoken to Young
Men "Who "Want to be Reporters—
Chances of Promotion.
[Special correspondence of Recohd-Union.
This is a very sad day for Ventura
County. Tho sun came up in a dejected
way, and peeked dimly through the foggy,
tear-laden atmosphere. The breeze
sobbed as it swept through the fields of
corn, and sighed despondently among
the beans. The tide came in with a sullen
roar of discouragement, and then went
out again.
All nature is in mourning hereabouts.
And why?
Because 1 am going away.
Aye, I am about to evaporate, plunk
myself into the most voluptuous seat in the
fj o'clock train and light out for Los An
geles, where great preparations for my
reception are. even now in progress.
Ali day long members of the Farmers'
Alliance, the Ventura County Geological
Society, the Society for the Amelioration
j of tho Indigent Greaser, the Society of
Truth, the Kangaroo Lodge of Jolly Boys
of the < >ld Mission, ihe Consolidated Real
Estate Transfer Companies, the Philhar
monic Society, tho Young Ladies' Own
Club, tho Mutual Consent Bureau and
several other orders and organizations
have been dropping into my study, vt i*di
ing me luck, shedding a few tears' on the
bouttonaire of my coat, begging for a lock
of my hair and departing with groans of
anguish.
1 am very sorry that I cannot remain
in Ventura County. I have often felt
! sorry when leaving other counties, but J
I feel extraordinary sorry now. I have
•I paid cash for everything in this county
| except watermelons, gnats, mosquitos,
: rat tics nakes, three bilious attacks and
i the diarrhea. 1 shall lea\ c behind me no
bills, which will be a very great matter
for surprise to myself. But it shall never
happen so again. 1 won't do it any more,
j 'pon honor.
In Ventura County I have thoroughly
j enjoyed myself, after a fashion. I have
j wandered through the old church yard
j by the ancient mission; I have tramped
over the bones of the 3^50 good Injuns that
lie therein, and have mused and specu-
I lated upon the thriftiness of the man who
summer-fallowed the boneyard last sum
i mer and harvested an enormous yield of
barley hay among the Btones ana bones
this season; I have perambulated around
I the old BChoolhouse wherein I re
oeived many beneficent bastings; 1 have
j seen my old schoolmate, the Sheriff, who
did not ask me to visit him, but allowed
me to inspect the jail; I have met old
friends who were really and truly glad to
see me; I have fished from the wharf and
caught a fish as long as my finger; I
have delved among the hills and found
petrified fish, shells, sharks, whales and
a sea serpent; I have stuffed myself with
raw clams, mussels and periwinkles; I
I have gathered sea moss until the Hoard
of Health stopped me: 1 have shed tears
over the grave of good old Deacon Ilick
inson, who gave me a load of bird-shot
j once, and which I still carry concealed
j about my person; I have scrubbed my
self with natural soap; I have frolicked
with gnats until my ears are mere stubs;
j I have> studied the sonorous language of
the greaser; I have pondered by the
I grave of Carmencita and sat on the stone
where Jeff. Howard sat when he drew
his forty-rod limit and conversed with
the Sheriff. I have had a hilarious time,
| indeed.
I do not go willingly from the sacred
precincts of Ventura County. I would
rather .stay all summer, hut business is
business, and I must away, etc. I shall
[go with a tear as big as a doughnut in
each eye, however.
Perhaps, it strikes me, I have not done
Ijustico to Ventura County while here.
j Perhaps I have not written up all that I
; should have written. Perhaps I have
overlooked something in my careless
way. Perhaps 1 have been too strictly
: truthful. But I assure you I have tried
i to evade the odious truth whenever pos
■ siblc. I have lied to the very best of my
ability, and if I have not pleased the pa
: tient, loug-sullering friends of my youth
1 can't help it. 1 may be able to do
I letter when I come again.
Los Angeles, I am informed by a dis
patch from the Chief of Police, is "gettiujr
! ready for me. The bands are hard at
work on "See, the Cankered Hero
Comes," and the Y. M. C. A., Y\ M. I.
and W. C. T. U. ure decorating their
rooms, the Salvation Army is practicing
new steps, and Go Sin is giving his laun
: dry a do.-c of whitewash. The welcom-
I ing ode is being rehearsed, and the street
sprinklers :;ro being drilled regularly.
There is also a large amount of § wagered
iis to which hotel 1 shall stop at, and all
the restaurants have added fish to their
regular bills of fare. There is consider
able suppressed excitement) and several
additions have. In a quiet, unostentatious
j way, been made to the police force.
After the circus is over 1 will give you
a brief description of it.
Ventura County has been for eight
weeks the scene of various religious do
ings. Camp-meetings, revivals, Hoh
Band meetings, regular services, etc,
constantly at hand. In that part of the
Santa Clara Valley known as the Cienega
there is not more than one unregenerate
sinner left, and he is going away forever.
He is going down to Los Angeles, where
the people are waiting for him.
1 came very near going into the news
paper business at Ventura. That city has
a population of about 2,500 and has four
papers, three weeklies and one daily.
This is not enough. There should be five
or six more among which to divide the
county printing, the city printing and
the job work which comes in occasion
ally. But the four journals, tho Free
Press, Democrat, Unit and Observer,
manage among them to handle the onor
moua quantity of printing the county re
quires, and find space somehow for the
vast amount of news which their vigilant
reporters bring In with handcarts, sleds
and stone boats. It is pretty rough on
the reporters, however, and every now
and then one of them fags out, gets pallid
and haggard, lies down peacefully on the
imposing-stone and dies with a said, sweet
smile around his mustache. But the peo
ple must have the news, and there are
always noble heroes in Ventura ready to
jump into tho breaches left by the dead
reporters.
I had with me when I came a printing
outfit, with which I sometimes marked
my underwear, and I had a great notion
u> start a paper with it, but the Obsert • r
got there ahead of me. I gave the outfit
to the editor of the (>jai L< c vrrent, and he
moved to Ventura for more ample ac
! COmraodations and brought forth the
| In it. I am now on the lockout 'or a quiet
little burg where there will not be so
tich brain fag, and when I find it I shall
issue the "Illustrated Daily Leg." < >ne
feature of journalism In Ventura is th>'
uliarly piquant flavoring of .the edi
torial and local columns* a peculiarity
i and piquancy which is now as rare as it
I is refreshing, and which does good to the
! heart of the trammeled journalist of the
metropolitan press, who must confine
himself to the stilted phrasing of modern
times. But in Ventura there are DO
strings, nor flies, on the journalist. He
may pick up piquancy until his back aches
but his readers never feel piqued. >This
is a joke, and you are expected to laugh.)
I add the following, which will explain
my meaning. It was clipped from a
recent issue of the Democrat, 1 have
thought best to leave the name blank :
"It has come to our ears that Parson
is again engaged in a confidential
way, rehashing that old yarn about how
he gave the senior editor ot the Democrat
pecuniary aid some years ago when the
latter was in great distress and need. etc.
We were under the impression that wo
bad lambasted the old hypocrite, on that
•MM proposition, while he was trying to
run a paper at Santa Paula, so painfully
that he would not have the temerity to
recur to the subject again, publicly or
privately; but it seems we had not en
tirely fathomed the depths of his un
adulterated meanness. He is going
around again, boring with that exploded
aud time-worn lie, as many as he can get
to listen to him. But, as everyone knows
to be an unmitigated, conscienceless.
irredeemable liar, it makes very little dif
ference what he says."
There is something refreshing! What
editor, held down and handicapped by
metropolitan journalistic etiquette, does
not, alter reading that, feel like grasping
editor McUoniglo by the bund and say
ing, in husky, passionate tones: "'Well
done, old man! Where do you and the
Parson dine to-night?"
Incidentally 1 may add a word in
praise of Editor MuGonigle. He is a man
among a thousand; a man from the soles
of his boots to the topknot of his head.
He is blunt, and doesn't hesitate when he
has an opinion, and his expressions,
sometimes roughly coated, olten cover
perfect gems of thought. Straight as a
nddle - string, tuned lor the "Devil's
Dream," is Editor McGonigle.
Apropos of newspapers and journalism,
I am .sometimes approached by young
men who have served their time at
school and college, and are anxious to
become report* rs, editors, correspondents
and one thing and another connected
with journalism. I have with me now a
letter written by a young man who, when
1 last saw him, was only a schoolboy.
He thinks he has literary taste, or a taste
for literature, talent, genius, or some
thing, which will enable him to "advance
rapidly from the lower steps to that, bight
from which a man may look down upon
the world and exclaim: "We have met
the enemy.and they are ours."
That is all right, that is. It's very nice
when we look ut it from a distance. But
1 would not advise any young man to i
hunt long for a position as a reporter;
unless he is dead sure that there is a re
porter inside of him, gnawing at his i
\ itals. If he cannot sleep of nights with
out dreaming'of interviews; if he cannot
exist without scribbling notes all over j
himself; if he has visions of free passes to
theaters, prize lights and Sunday-school
entertainments; if he thinks the hardest
of all hard drudgery is delightful; If he
can light and lie. and sit patiently on a
hard chair until the hindermost !
buttons of his pants get tangled up with
the whiskers on the Back of his neck; it
he can go into tho Morgue and view a
thirty-day-in-transit corpse unmoved; if
he can see human depravity and human
suffering and understand it all; if be can
bear to run his legs oii' alter an item and
easily watch the blue pencil shimmer
through his work like a silent flash of
summer lightning; if he can pull himself
out of bed at 3 a. M. and follow a lire en- !
gine a mile through a pelting rain; if he
can do this much, and no more, there
may be something in him. After live, or j
ten, or fifteen years of this .sort of ap
prenticeship he will probably find out
whether or no he is to shine* as a fixed
star in journalism, or twinkle merrily for
awhile and explode.
Climbing up from the lowest round to
the bight mentioned by my enthusiastic
young friend ia not so luminously beau
tiful. It is not one step over another.
Every now and then there is a slip, and
more or less climbing must be repeated, j
Hut it is a good school—a school in which
ono learns things never found in books;
where the lessons are hammered in and
not forgotten, it is a school governed. I>\
human nature, and in which the .sorrows, j
tho burdens, the smiles and tears of
humanity form the greater part of its !
alpha and omega.
To the reporter tho saddest of all sad
stories become common things enough.
He must sco the misery, as well as the
happiness of life, and generally it is more j
misery than happiness. Weak humanity I
is always gathering, carrying and eating ;
its Dead Sea apples, dreaming its dreams, j
and building its castles in the air, facing :
the destruction of its hopes, going down i
or painfully toiling up again. 'Ihe re
porter who sees these things must learn,
and if he is a manly man the knowledge
he acquires Is of great and lasting benefit,
not only to himself, but to others, for he
sees behind the scenes, and understands.
For this reason 1 believe there can be
no better school for a sturdy, intelligent
young fellow who has his heart In the
right place. But I would not advise any
young man to becomo a reporter unless
he is quite sure that he will be successful.
There is nothing easy about reporting. It
is not "a sort racket." It is the hardest of
hard work. No matter how gifted, how
versatile and forcible a reporter may bo
he will run to tho end ol his string at
last, and find a long rest the sweetest
thing life holds.
As to working up from the reportorial
ranks to a position in the editorial sanc
tum, I shall say nothing. Lifo is too
short. A. V. lloiiman.
Fillmore, Ventura Co., Sept. 1, 1891.
[For the Record-Uxion.l
SEVERED.
You tell me that I must forgot—
Mosi dream no more of tSee;
Yon ask me to renounce my vow —
My plighted troth to tnce;
'Tw.is you who taught me lirst to love,
s>o taithnil, fond and true.
That love still lives within my heart-
It is treasured there for yon.
You say that time will heal the wound—
The cruel sc.ir effiice,
Thai now embitters heart and life
Thai sorrow's hand has traced.
Alas! I kmtw it ne'er can be —
For me life's joy ; ar.- <>"or;
Time ne'er will heal the wounded heart
Nor happiness n store.
I give theo back thy plighted troth,
Though not without regret,
And should we never meet again
1 ne'er shall thee forget ;
And wiun y<>u bow a; pleasure's shrine
n is this I'd ask of thee—
Tl;o' other love shall till thy heart,
You will bo:r.et!rr.es think of me.
I've drank the Ices bom sorrow's cup
That have filled my life uiin gloom,
While 'round my pathway, once so bright,
Dense shadows darkly loom ;
Yet memories bw< ••[ of other days
May bring me tranquil rest:
And tho' from me you an- estranged,
1 ne'er shall love thee less.
—Mi:s. Nkt.t.ik Bloom.
West Oakland, August 20, 1891.
SHE LED THE WAY.
And Finally Emerged, Bedraggled, but
Still in the King.
"Come along here, Sary, I'm goin'
through this crowd," said a thin-raced
old lady last night, as tho parade was
passing along High.
"Grandma, you cannot get through
there."
"Hey? Can't, can't I? Come along."
With a wild swing of the arms and a
nudging of the elbows the old lady dived
into the crowd.
"Grandma!"
"Come along h'yer, Sary, push that
fool out o' the way. Hoi back there, you
fool-"
"Grandma. I can't—"
"Keep right behind me, I'll get ye
through—keep off my toes, ye big-footed
idiot— h'yer, miss, put that umbrella
down or I'll break it."
"Grandma!"
"Come right along! Knock that seegar
out o' that fool's month. H'yer, you ;;n
--pudeni nigger, git out o* the way. Right
along." And the ins and outs of tho old
lady were truly wonderful.
••Oh. grandma, I'll be killed—"
'"Killed nuthin'— come right along.
H'yer, git back; out o' the way there;
quit screwing: don't blow your smoke in
my la.-c; hain't you got no sense? Where
is your manners? Ma over whip ye for
ill-manners? Right through this* way,
Sary! Stand back there! H'yer, you
little fool, git back; don't kill tho child;
wlnre's tho police? Confound such a
place; here, keep comin', Sary! Stand
back! onto'the way! What's the mat
ter with you, fool? Often* my feet) <;it
back—come on, Sary—" and the old lady
and her young charge emerged from the
far side of the crowd, looking like a pair
of towels emerging from tho rollers of a
wringer.—Columbus Tost.
False Economy
Is practiced by many people, who buy
Inferior articles of food because cheaper
than standard goods. Surely infants are
entitled to the best food obtainable. It is
B fact that the Gail Borden "Eagle"
Brand Condensed Milk is the best infant
food. Your grocer and druggist keep it.
LIFE IN LONDON.
How the English People Go Sum
mering.
Some of tho Lending Persons In Par
liament—Visit to C'lirist Church
School -Annual Award of Prizes by
the Lord Mayor.
[Special Correspondence of Bsookd-Uioox.l
London, August 10, LB9L
Although the London summer has been
so cool that no ono has been driven by
the heat to leave town, still the first week
in August is as general a season of Hit
ting here as in more torrid climates.
The London mode ol' Hitting is, in its
way, peculiar. In the case of a family
Sight, on the day preceding departure a
huge covered van appears at the front
door to take to the station, furniture,
stores, or things of that nature that may
need to be moved to the summer resi
dence. On the day of departure itself an
omnibus, with ono or two horses, as the
case may be, appears at the door. In its
capacious interior the family—seldom
numbering less than eight, or ten—is
safely stowed, while all the trunks or
"boxes," as they say here, are placed on
top of the vehicle. It is one of the itui
biest sights in tho world to see these
boxes poised on the curving tops of the
omnibuses. How ihey remain toere is a \
mystery to the average American, for j
they are not strapped on, and there seems
to be nothing to save them from instant
overthrow, except, perhaps, the narrow
little rail running around the top of the
'l.'Us. These convenient omnibuses and
vans are provided by the railroad com
panies, and entirely take the place of the
express wagons which we Americans
employ for the conveyance of our lug
-\s to the places to which these English
'.litters go—they are innumerable. Every
known resort at the sea shore, or in the
mountains,, is crowded now with the es
caping Londoners. Those of high do
gr< c have gone, of course, to their coun
try houses to recuperate after this unusu
ally dull season: but the average English
main Is not a person of high degree, and
he, tlie person of limited means, city
man, stock-broker, professional man or
shop-keeper, as the case may be, takes
his family to lodgings, or steps into a
furnished cottage which some other Eng
lishman is willing to rent him for a
month; for it seems to be a confirmed
habit on the part of the Englishman, who
lives in a place having scenery, or air
sufficiently attractive to warrant him i.i
so doing, to step out of his house for a
month or more. He considers the three
guineas, or upwards, per week, which
he receives for the use of his home, BUffi
ei( ill compensation for the wear and tear
Of his household effects. He, himself,
rents, perhaps, some other Englishman's
house <liu-ing the time for winch he has
surrendered his own home. As ail con
cerned are undoubtedly benefited by the
changes, it would be impolite for an out
sider to express any wonder at the per
formance, even though to no little ex
tent it conflicts with oar usual ideas of
the sanctit}- of an Englishman's home or
castle.
Tho group of cottages clustered near
some large hotel, and occupied by their
owners, year alter year, have sio part iv
tin; Englishman's plan for h\> summer
holiday. The summer hotel is regarded
with almost as little favor as the summer
boarding-house, and he would never
think ol building ->r owning a house near
one of these great caravansaries. Il he
lines not hire a secluded furnished house
he takes his family into lodgings where
lie fondly fancies that he has the privacy
of his own home. Nevertheless, at 1-V
--lixstowe, and Eastbourne, and worthing
there are both hotels of goodly size, ana
boarding-houses, all of whicii are well
patronized. Tourists, perhaps, make up
a fair proportion of the patrons of these
houses; but widows, with marriageable
daughters, elderly bachelors, or young
men, bent on having a good time, form
no small part of the boarders at these
houses, all of whom are unmistakably
English. It is simply the average lather
of the family who prefers the seclusion of
lodgings or a hired house. •
Tne proroguing of Parliament <>n the
Uth really brought to an end this very
dull season—dull on account of the finan
cial difficulties that began last year with
the Barings' failure, and on account of
the prevalence of the influenza. Even
Parliamentary matters had au unusual
monotony, which even the discussion of
the Free Education Bill failed to en
liven. I spent oue of the best evenings
of the session listening to the debates in
the House of Commons. On account ot
the recent death of his son Mr. Gladstone
was not there, but Mr. Balfour, Mr.
Goschen, Mr. Matthews and the leading
Ministers were present, and each in turn
answered the various questions put to
him. Tho contrast between the general
aspect of the House of Commons and our
House of Representatives is very great.
The dimensions of the former room is bo
much smaller that it is hard to believe
that it holds as many members. Its ex
treme dimensions are only 75 feet in
length, 4T> feet in width and 41 feet in
bight. The benches, so-calle 1, rise from
the front a little above one another on
each Bide of the Speaker's chair. In
spite of the upholstered green leather cov
ering of these benches they look fairly
uncomfortable. The members >it bolt
upright, rather near together, with their
hats on. They have no desks. No news
papers near them. No supply of station
ery on which to scribble, and so perforce
arc almost compelled to attend to the
business under consideration. There is
an air of dignity in the high, narrow
room, which is lacking to the House of
Representatives, and this air of dignity is
Increased by the appearance of the Speak
er in his gown and wig, in his high
backed chair, with his two clerks, simi
larly attired, at tho table below. The
table, too, with handsomely bound books
of reference lying upon it, with the great
mace, lying across one end, has a partic
ularly home-like look. It was my mis
fortune to be present in the House on a
day when certain dry matters, connected
with railway charges, came up lor con
sideration. But it was also my good for
tune to have a good view of tho obstrep
erous Mr.. Atkinson, who has, of late,
been making himself so conspicuous in
the House, that anally the Speaker had
to order his suspension. Mr. Atkinson
is a pleasant-looking gentleman, with a
shock of white hair, he has an agreeable
and humorous expression, and he wore a
pale, pink cravat that harmonized very
well with his white hair.
Dr. Tanner, too, with his smooth face
and corpulent figure, was a conspicuous
figure among the Opposition members,
while of the Ministers, Mr. Balfour
spoke the most impressively. In appear
ance and manner Mr. Balfour reminded
oue Irresistibly of Matthew Arnold aa he
appeared during his last visit to America.
The ono thing which seems strange to
an observer at the House is the limited
size of the ladies' gallery and the absurd
thick, iron grating through which they
must gaze at the lloor of the House. It is
said that this grating was put up to pre
vent the members from being distracted
by the (air spectators. This harem-like
arrangement is certainly effective in this
js; net, although it can hardly be called
agreeable for the ladies inclosed behind
the bars.
Like a good many wiser people I had
been under the impresssion for some
time that tho old Christ Church School,
where Coleridge, Charles Lamb and
many other great men went to school,
was an extinct institution, although the
buildings themselves might be objects of
interest. It was, therefore, with much
pleasuro that I found myself, not long
svgo, on the way to the school to take pan
in the exercises of the annual Speech
J>ay, or rather to listen to the speeches of
the boj-s and to see the Lord Mayor award
prizes to the successful boys, moro than a
hundred in number. For Christ's Hos
pital is to-day a nourishing school, with
Straws show which way the wind blows
(JB^wt /b Watch
<*n JsS*us£!£r / \ anc^ c convmce<^- When
fl^?^t%/ you see a^ sorts
/Cl crs patterned
\{' ' /i^r^vT^^^^^^ after/Var/^K*/when
V^j^^vtf^ you see it imitated in
/{ \ \\V\j|;^ appearance, in name, in everything cx-
A M 1 cept merit; when you find three persons
AVI \ v \ using Pcarlinc where two used it a
\\\\\ \ \S. ye^r ago; when you hear it as a house-
V\\ \ Sv^A. hold word with the best house-
V\ x\ 2^ keepers; when you find its former
LJS\\^ r^->*^ enemies now its staunchest friends;
%^^^X>T^ /^ —then you may know the wind is
'*f[ I taking you along toward Pearline.
I I I Why not go with it? You are losing
/ / jl money by trying to head the other way ;
J/n ~~r'^\- money, and labor, and time and patience.
(xV *^*^» Go with the rest —use Pearline —and
you stop losincr, anc \ be^in to gain. Millions
• ■ ii
realize that there is everything to gain and nothing to
lose— with Pearline.
\y 1 * Peddlers and*some grocers will tell you, "this is as p;ond
-DlO"Winp/ as" or "the same as Pr-arline." IT'S FALSE—but wh.it a
O puff for Pearline. «99 JAMBS P> I.X, Now York.
nearly 800 pupils, keeping pace with all
the modern educational improvements.
It was interesting, of course,to see the
Lord Mayor and tln> Shot-in* in their
scarlet robes, trimmed -with fur. and to
watch the hundreds of boys in their
quaint costume, long, blue coats reaching
the feet, knee breeches and orange-col
ored Btockings, with low shoes. Hut it
was even more Interesting to walk
through the court-yards and cloisters—
for Christ Church occupies the site of a
thirteenth century monastery, and, in
deed, in general appearance is hardly
altered from what it was in those ancieni
• lays, [n spite of the fact that the school
has an income of £75,000 the rooms :u-o all
furnished in the plainest fashion. The
floors are uncarpeted, the bedsteads are
made of iron, and in the school-rooms
there is little besides the huge old-fiash
ii n< .1 desks that look as it whole genera
tions of boys had hacked at them. In
addition, however, to the Spartan-like
lavatory, where every boy washes hi
hands and face each morning, there has
}»oi\ built within the past twenty-five
years a finely-tiled swimming tank. A
curiosity in this tank is a rod marking
the spot where three of the old London
parishes meet, and there, within this tank
ibr many years, it has been the custom
for the three Sheriffs of these parishes to
come once a year and beat the bounds of
the parishes.
Chxist Church School covers a large
area of ground in the very heart of old
London, near Newgate. The boys there
cannot get all the air and exercise deemed
host for them, and, in within a very few
years, it is probable that tho old buildings
will he pulled down, while the school
itself will be moved to the country.
H.L. K.
The Torture 9of the Inquisition
Inflicted by the dread Torquemada have
abominable prototypes i v the shape of
chronic rheumatism and neuralgia. At
tack these agonising complaints insure
they roach the chronic stage with the bu
perb blooddepurent, Hosteler's stomach
Bitters, which will assuredly expel their
virus from the life stream. To procrasti
nate is to encourage the growth of incipi
ent rheumatism, which rapidly tightens
its grip upon the system. It is the very
octopus of diseases, and painful indeed is
tim clasp in' its dreadful tentacles. Be
prompt, therefore, take time by the fore
lock, always remembering that Doth rheu
matism and tr<>ut, dose relatives, arc dan
gerous as well as painful. Debility,chills
and lever, l>i!ious, remittent, dyspepsia,
constipation, liver complaint, nervous
ness and kidney disease succumb to the
I Utters. Appetite and the ability to sleep
well are improved by it.
Bronchitis.—Sudden changes of tho
weather cause bronchial troubles, i
"Brown's Bronchial Troches'' will give
relief. Sold only in boxes. Price 25 cts. ;
FOEOI THEM OUT.
Q WIFT'S SPECIFIC is a remedy which
is far in advance of medical science,
as it has been expelling Microbi from the
blood, and curing the vrorst diseases for
CO years, and it is only recently that the
medical world have concluded that
THE ONLY WAY
to cure disease is to force out the baccilli
thrmigli tho PORES OF TIIE SKIN.
111111 Never Fails to do this,
AN \ **■ w- c- Curtis, Editor of the
_„_.. HecklenbnreSews, at Roydton, Va.,
£U/ TUH 1 HflJ's t!iar he 'ias hivn enttrely rcliev
. ,_ ._.,, .S ed from an abscess which for:::.-l in
his throat, and caused intense pain, almost choking
him. He could not swallow solid food, end was in
n most painful condition. He cays that ho Look only
tlucc bottlee, and that it effected a coiapleti; ourc.
Treatise ou Blood and Skin Diseases maiicd free.
6WITT SPECIFIC CO.,
Drawer 3. AtlaDtii. 8a
For Ecrsc?, Cattle, Shsep, Decs, Hogs,
AND POULTBY.
'OOPagc BookenTrcßtmeut of Animals
auil Chart Sem Free.
Rnacsj Fovpr?,<"i)cs:eatioiis,lnflammation
A.A. 3 Spinal 9lealn£itlc>, Milk Fever.
it.B.—Straina, LameueMj Khvuinntisra.
C'.C.-«l>istcnip<'r, Nasal Ui^chiirgea.
1).1)...H0ts or (<rubK, Worms.
E.E.«4'nHchs, HeaveS) Piipnnsonia.
F.F.-"Collo or <Jripor». Bellyache*
<;.<;.--MiKcirriakT* 1, IJeniorvJiaffoa.
Tl.ll.—(,'rinnry nn«l Kidney l>ineai»cs.
1.{..-Eruptive Di^i-ost's, Manse.
J.K...Diseases ol" JUiueutiuu, £*araljrr»is»
SI-.irlc Bottlo (over 50 doses), - - ,g(j
Stable Cnse, with Specifics. MacudL
Veterinary Cure Oil ami Medicutor,
Jar Vctrrinnry Cure Oil, - . l.« 0
Sold by Drugeists; or Sent Prepaid inywhcra
and in any quantity on Receipt of Pries.
HUMPHREYS' MEDICINE CO.,
Corner William and John Sts., New York.
-^rfeill I Hn:rEripATK:r; fi ft
[S&JSPECiF!O Np.41l
iv u^c 5J j-ear^ The only WlfirHiinj rcniudy tor
Nervous Debility, Vita! Weakness,
tnd Prostration, from* overwork or other caused
#I per vial, or 5 vials aud larjto vi.il powrirr. for ?5.
Sold by Dkuooutb, or sent postpaid on receipt
of prk-c—HUMPHREYS1 MEDICINE CO.,
Oor. William and John 3t«L Tt. V
vr^^s^>> V ° e(>nd >be ni.irvM.nn Fronoh
/--M B? W\ K>Jln"!5- CALTHOS f!•«•«•. „ ; |
fr y ivitnx logal guanuteetlni Caltroi will
VV^ k ut "Sr V" » I RK Kp,-r?iiuU<rrhoa,\ nrlcoft'lc
V « ' \»nJKKsTOKi: l>o-f Vlffor.
t. ™LCT^ AdJ>. s .vONMOHLCO..
**~«S. CT^) Sal a Amcrirar. Agtnto, tinrlnnati. Ohio.
To CREDITOBB.—NOTICE IS
i hereby given by James Woods, adminis
trator oi the estate of MAKY CODY, deceased
to the ersdltors of and all persons having
claims against the estate of said deceased, to
present them with Vio nevrssarv vouchers
within (bnr months after the flrsl publication
of this notice, to tlie administrator, at iiio
office of Krank D. R>nn, Court-bouse
JAMES Woods.
Administrator of the estate of Mary Cody
deceased.
Tinted August 7,1591. auS-5U5
CONSUMKriON CURED,
I\>K 10 TEARS DX. WM.
HALLS BALSAM
F"OR THE L-UIVJCSS
Tins boen a Dever-fiUllng family remedy fbt
COUGHS, COI/DS, CONSUMPTION, "I,A
GRIPPE," SORE THROAT, HOARSE
NESS, PNEUMONIA, CATARRH. IN
FU'ENZA, ACUTE AND CFRONIC
BRONCHITIS, ASTHMA, WHOOI'INO
COUGH. CROUP, PLEURISY, PAIN IN
THE SIDE AND BREAST, SPITTING
OF BLOOD and all dreams of tlio
Throat, Chest and Langs
Lenainsto CONSUMPTION
Dr. WM. HAU'S BAT,SAM contain* no
opium, morphine, nor any deleterious drag.
It sooth."; and beala the Membrane of ttm
I^iiiißs, Uitiain.vi and polßonfld by dlaeam and
prevt-Mts ni^ht sweats and tightness anroM
the rii.-st. it is pleasant to the taste, Be sura
aiul ask for Dr. WM. HAU'S BALSAM
ami take do other.
TRteSapjlied by kirk, GEARY & CO., Sacramento. Cal.
PRICE, 86c., 800., 91.
Dr. WM. HAUL «<>., M.W YoitK.
Baron Liebig
The great eberaisi pronounced the well
known LdebigCompany's Extract otße< f,
made ol the nnesi River Platte cattle, lu
ll nit ■!■. superior in flavor and quality to
:m> made of cattle grown In Europe or
» i-t'w here. He authorized the use of
H'S /*7 S9 <ISfllL>
well know n j£f^£\-Zj&**&C>* tnnlemark
Bigßatarc *^ of
liebig Extract
COMPANY'S of Beef .
ForDelicioua For Improved and
Beel Tea. i Iconomic Cookery.
GOLD MEDAL, PARIS, IS7B.
f.TJAKER&Co.'S
Cocoa
from which tho excoss ot
oil has been removed, is
Absolutely Pure
audit is Soluble.
No Chemicais
are used in its preparation. It has
more than three times the strength of
Cocoa mixed with Starch, Arrowroot
or Sugar, and is therefore far more
economical, costing less than one cent
a cup. It is delicious, nourishing,
strengthening, easily digested,
and admira pteel for invalids
as well as for persons in health.
Sold 'oy Grocors everywhere.
W. BAKER & CO., Dorchester, Mass,_
TlieOrigina! anil Genuine
(WORCESTERSHIRE)
SAUCE.
lujparta tho most delicious ta3te and scat to
EXTBACT egi SOUPS,
of a LETTER Irora HJft
ESfiftst. m GKAVIES
ras, to his brnthrr CSnfl FISH.
r.t WOitCESTEK. fjBB
May, IoSL &£WK lIOT vV COI-D
lea h nmniNS' S^^^a meats,
that tbeir eauca is [i^^jjSi
liiLhlj cstf-orncd in OA3IE,
]n(iia. and ;sin my |%i|HB
op-.Tiion, tho most g°t'^O WE LSI I
.- j^^Hj RAREBITS,
ace tiiat is ftcZjciJi
Eea that you get Lea & Perrins*
Sigmatux* on every bottle of Original & Sand De.
jj>HN DUNCAN'S BONS, NEW YORK- __
■*• ■ _ Founded by Dr. E. ToirnjKE.
CARL FAELTEN, Director.
MUSIC in Pjano ()r;ran. Voice.
,-■ ■tT- " , Violin, Solfenio, H.irmony, Ktc
iuition,-olcss<ins.tiOtO*3o. Private lessons
Kjyen. Recitals, Lectures. C"OirCr to ill
Übpraland Orchestral I'raaice" ItCC nunik
ELOCUTION-Oratory. Dramatic ard Lyric
in. tine Arts, Lansruayes, Literature, Piano
end Organ Tuning. A comfortable fcl/r*T» «r> c?"
/or L.idy Students. Calendar free, tl \J gVS £
Fs*U T«-rin Xtciiinn Sept. 10, JM>l
FRANK VV. HALE, General Waiiacer
FmnkC.n Souars, Boston, Mass. "
The latest and best invention
I Tor Pumping, Spraying Fruit
Trees, Running All kinds of
, Machinery, Electric Light
I Plants, etc.
tatumFbowen,
34 and G6 Fremont Street.
SAN FRANCISCO. CAL-

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