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The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, December 31, 1895, Image 1

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The Upper Honse of Congress Now in
Control of the Republicans.
The Silver Men Have a Majority in the
Finance Committee.
"Wliich Causes Some Plain Talking on
Both Sides of the Chamber, Gorman
of Maryland in the Debate Giving
Expression to the Soreness Felt by
the Democrats In Losing Control-
Lodge Addresses the Senate on the
Venezuelan Controversy.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The reor
ganisation of the Senate committees
was effected to-day by the adoption of
a resolution offered by Mitchell (Rep.)
of Oregon, the vote on which was: Yeas
30, nays 28. The Populist Senators
withheld their votes, with the excep
tion of Kyle (S. D.), who voted with
the Democrats. The vote was followed
by a debate, in which Gorman (Dem.) of
Maryland gave expression to the sore
ness felt by the Senators of his party at
losing the control of the Senate, and in
which some plain talking was done on
both sides on the subject of giving to
the free silver men a majority on the
Committee of Finance.
Earlier in the day an historical re
view of the Venezuelan boundary ques
tion was delivered by Lodge (Rep.) of
Massachusetts, who insisted on the im
portance and necessity to the United
States of the maintenance of the Mon
roe doctrine. In summing up his speech,
Lodge said that he did not believe that
the people of England had the least de
sire to engage in hostilities with the
United States any more than the United
States desired hostilities with England.
Nor did he believe that the English peo
ple took any very serious interest in the
disp-itcd territory- The people of the
i States, he asserted, had no de
i Interfere with any rightful pos
session of Great Britain in Venezuela,
but they could not allow Great Britain to
sK up claims to American territory,
and then seize and hold the territory by
If Great Britain could do that
successfully in Venzuela, she could do
it in Mexico and Cuba, and if she could
do it other nations could do the same.
Among the papers presented and re
ferred \\. re r.-sulut ?of the Lincoln
of the G. A. R >f Topeka, Kan
sas, "tendering their services," as Pef
'. r d'op.) of Kansas phrased it, "in
case we should have any trouble with
our neighbors on the other side of the
They were referred to the
mittee on Foreign Relati
tdler (Rep.) of New Hampshire
i a bill to enlarge the Inter
amerce Commision, by making
msist of one mcml each
mbers to select an exec
utive committee of five. Referred.
Chandler also offered a resolution,
which went over until to-morrow, call
y of the Navy for
information as t<> whether the prices
..!■ agr 1 to be paid, for armor
Is for the navy are as low as
by the same manu
..,-s : to foreign Governments;
whether the* have been mo
unt "f patents, and. if
hether the Increase in price has
fair ;md reasonable; also, whether
rnment officers are int. •
in such patents.
The House »-1 11 as to the bonds was
laid before the Senate, read twice and
referred to the Finance Committee.
The resolution h-• Bfered by
Quay (Rep.) of Pennsylvania, calling
on t: ■ try of the Navy for in
formation as to whether it would be
advantageous to the naval service to
contract now for six battleships in
was taken up and agreed
of Massachusetts then
addressed the Senate on the subj<
Me said h-- had
3enate un
til the joint resolution introduced by
him giving t: ation made bj
Mr. Monroe in his n
had the >f the
ions. But
Bince *!i!-!-. t}-.f> T ■ had sent in his
'i the Venezuelan difficulty and
without a disa lit insr vote.
'. the commission which
he requeste I led to
much wild talk and cries i lore vocal
and numerous from those who believe
we shoul'l never do anythifl
with England's interests. This country,
I .I with London - I pt to
frighi by producing a
panic, had ten I nfuse the is-;ue.
thought a liUl" COOI ex
itior! Would not be out of j I
Two cardinal principles, he
always governed the United states in
tions with foreign nations.
The first was Washington's neui
rine, as laid down in the f;:
Istory of which he I
In detail. The only attempt i
fore ■ ' break
.h that doctrine was the joint in
• •... oin 1861. A second case
-. and the maintenance of
the M trine is
the 1 "Tench in 18G2. This
upon the principle of the
I Bri
and is made vi r of a
boundary dispute with Venezuela.
in order to show the Importan
this v.iii^h had now
Og most gi
the bonoi ■ • the righl
but witii •
of the dispute between Great Britain
un tries.
It will be

ome to

They ha.
and Holland, respectivel; . more
and nothing U -
actly wh
in IB3G a British Minisf
a be
asking th<
i thi re. In 1840 a I >urt in
•.'.». far 1
\ •!■>-. In V-
EiUjlish engineer laid out a perfectly
arbitrary line, running from the mouth
of the Orinoco, in a southerly direction,
until it reached the southern boundary
of British Guiana. Lord Aberdeen dis
avowed this line, and proposed another,
starting at the River Morocco and going
further into the Interior. Lord Gran
ville proposed another, reaching fur
ther to the west, and Lord Rosebery
another inside the Sehomburgk line, but
coupled with the free navigation of the
"In 1893 he proposed a second line,
and meantime Lord Salisbury had ex
tended the British claim while he was
Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Every
British Minister has offered a different
line within which Great Britain would
not consent to arbitrate, and every
British Minister has gone beyond his
predecessor in making fresh claims to
territory beyond the line which he of
fered about which he would arbitrate.
At first sight this seems to denote in
consistency on the part of the British
Government, but in reality their course
has been just the reverse. There is ap
parently just as much support for one
line as another when they pass beyond
the Valley of the Essequibo. From
Schomburgk down, every line was en
tirely arbitrary, and the constantly
growing claims beyond the various
lines offered was in entire keeping with
the policy of the British Government.
Their object was to get as much new
territory as they could if the matter
ever came to a settlement, which they
have used every artifice to delay."
Asserting his belief that Great Brit
ain had no good claim to a foot of land
beyond the Essequibo, Lodge laid down
the principle that if England, with no
authority but a disputed claim, seizes
territory and declines arbitration upon
it, her action does not differ from
seizing and holding new territory in
the Americas by the right of conquest.
The seizure of this South American
territory by England, he asserted, was
an absolute violation of the Monroe
doctrine. "At the last session of Con
gress." said Lodge, "I called the atten
tion of the Senate and of the country to
the manner in which England had ab
sorbed the islands of the Pacific, and to
the necessity of our annexing the Ha
waiian Islands, a necessity which now
becomes more pressing with each suc
ceeding day. I ask you now to look at
the Carribean Sea. I ask you to note
the strong naval station which England
has established at St. Lucia. Follow a
line thence to the westward, and you
find Trinidad, the development of
which has been strongly pushed of
late years, then Jamaica and finally
British Honduras. That line faces the
South American Coast. This ter
ritory claimed from Venezuela is being
pushed steadily to the westward along
that coast, and the point at which it
aims is the control of the mouth of the
Orinoco, one of the gnat river systems
of South America. The purpose of all
movements is written plainly on
the map. If successful they will give
Great Britain control of the Spanish
Main, and make the Carribean Sea lit
•r than a British lake."
lie concluded as follows: "We have
British forces at Corinto. We
know the attitude they assume in Vene
zuela. They are attempting to take
land on the Alaskan boundary. They
have just denounced the modus vi
vendi, and reopened in that way the
•us dispute of the northeastern
fisheries. It is not by accident that these
events have all occurred, or all come to
an acute stage within the past year.
They are jiot due to us, for we have
committed no aggression upon any
"Of all those difficulties which are
now upon us, the most immediate is
that involved in the dispute with Vene
zuela. They tell us that this territory is
remote and worthless. It is remote, per
bul it is not worthless, for if It
had been, the Venezuelan possession of
it would be undisturbed.
"But it matters not whether it is
worthless or valuable. The tea tax
was trivial, but our forefathers re
fused to pay it because j t involved a
great principle, and the attempt to en
force it cost Great Britain her North
American colonies. The American peo
ple believe to-day just as firmly in the
principle of the Monroe doctrine. They
it essential to their honor, their
safety and their interests as a nation,
and they are prepared to defend it
when it is assail, d.
"Mr. President, who is responsible
for the unhappy strained relations be
tween England and the Unite,] <
As l have pointed out, we hav<
jsora on any of the
points now in dispute, whether in
Alaska or Venezuela. What th<-n has
strained our relations? The peremp
tory refusal to arbitrate this question
andary. Who gave thai refusal?
Britain. We have appointed a
c. mmission, not to arbitrate between
.tain and Venezuela, but to
Inform us. after careful investigation,
what the true divisional line, in their
opinion should be. Who has drawn an
■ ary line of boundary and <;•■■
they should not arbitrate to the
■ ■ Not the United States. bul
Great Britain. Ultimatums are what
n relations, and they have come
i from <;rea* Britain and not from us. I
• • tills question will ! •• peacefully
settled by the good sense of the :■
Ltives of Kiitdand and the United
3; but I am very char that such
tnent can only '(■• reached by ac
and of tho
lent, which shall be as temperate
:;<l which shall maintain
b* tlutely wh. ;•
---.! justly applies. That doctrine is
I aa Important t<> us as the balance of
:■ is to Europe; and those who
maintain the latter must not attempt
to break down tin principle which
is the Integrity of the Americas
and protects them from the inter;'
At the close of Mr. Lodge's speech the
correspondence on the subject of the
vice-consulates at Erxeroum and Har
'on i i_-r 11 Re
'l'h.' resolution naming the committee
membership was taken up and agreed
to— yeas :;<>. nayi lv
the six Populists re-.
th--ir votes, namely: Messrs. AT. 1
.1 ». a and Btt \\ art of Ne
• ;i Carolina and IVf
!ei .if Kansas. Senator Kyle of South
Data r\f>.
Alien <!• tared that the populist
party bad no affiliation with either of
■id parties. The Populists bad
realised, before the meeting of this
that there w •• ma
- nate in favor of U»
and unlimited of silver, and
bad 1 n perfectly willing to unite
Rtt the passage nf a free
silver measure. They had sent out invi
tations to the free silver Senators, but
'. with the exception of two or thi
'■ them they had not 1 let with the Popu-
MIMKH ON Kli.iiril lAiiE.]
Causes a Bad Wreck on the Baltimore and
Onio Southwestern.
One Man Killed Outright and Eight
Others Injured.
Three People Seriously Hurt by the
Wreck of a Train on a Chicago
Elevated Railway—A Cold Wuve,
Developing Into a Blizzard, In Many
Sections of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio
and Missouri.
CINCINNATI, Dec. 30.—A wreck oc- |
cured at Cole City, on the Mississippi ;
j division of the Baltimore and Ohio |
j Southwestern, to-night at 7:15, in;
which one man was killed outright and |
eight others were injured, some of j
whom will die.
The dead: Fireman Wilson of Louis- j
ville, Ky.
The injured: Unknown tramp, fatally
hurt; Hiram Browning of Vincennes, j
Ind., severely injured; T. M. Voight, i
i express messenger of Cincinnati, will ;
i probably die; Jacob Bauer of Lawrence- j
i burg, Ind., internally hurt; Alonzo i
j Pruitt. engineer, head cut. arm broken, |
; internally injured, serious; James Ga
j briel, engineer of Cleves, Ohio, and Fred
1 Binekamp of Aurora, Ind., and an ex
press messenger named Eisbern were
also severely bruised.
The wreck was caused by a collision j
I owing to a mistake in train orders be- j
tween passenger trains Nbs. 8 and U. j
They came together at full speed. Both
engines and the express cars were com- |
pletely demolished.
Electric Railway Train Wrecked and
Three Men Seriously Hurt.
CHICAGO. Dec. 30.—A bad accident,
in which three men were seriously hurt, j
took place early this morning on the 1
City Elevated Railway. The train was
{ running at a good rate of speed, and as
It approached Lawn lale-avenue station !
Motorman A. Siere tried to slow down
pn paratory to stopping, but discovered,
that something was wrong with the ma
chinery, and that the motor was un-I
Before anything could be done the j
train had crashed into a number of;
I empty cars that stood on the track near i
the station. The" motor and three cars
were badly Wrecked.
Fortunately there were few persons j
on the train. A. Siere, the motorman, j
was caught in the wreck and seriously i
: hurt. The conductor, John Triesdale, j
' was injured internally, and as yet it is
! impossible to say how serious his in
juries will prove to be. Police Officer
I Weyckoff, a passenger on the train,
had his arm broken and was otherwise!
hurt. The injured motorman was taken
to a hospital, and the others to their
Proves Himself a Man of Resources
and Escapes Lynching.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 30.—An almost suc
cessful attempt to lynch a negro thief
was made early this morning in Union
Market, in the heart of the down-town
business district. For some time petty I
thefts have annoyed the stall-keepers
at the market, and a secret watch was
At .>:4."i o'clock this morning Martin
McMahan and Pat McClenchy a
0 with two blankets slipping away i
from the market. They raised the cry
ol Stop thief." The negro dropped the
blankets and ran, and they gave chase)
and captured him. The cry of "Lynch j
him!" went up, and somebody produced
a rope. There is a block and tackle
fastened to the ceiling, used to swing
the Ice Mocks up to their receptacle.
This caught the eye of the mob's I<
■This is the thing," he yelled, "yank
the black scoundrel here. There's the
thing to use on him!"
The rope was adjusted about the ne
gro's neck. Nervous, eager hands!
j bound his wrists with a cotton cord.
He quit struggling, and began to pray.!
A BCOre of ha nils caught the other end
of the rope. There was a strong, steady j
pull, and the negro's feet left the floor.
His tongue protruded from between his
teeth, and his eyes stared wildly. In ,
another minute he would have been a)
• had man. but he was a man of re-j
sources. With a quick, nervous Jerk of
his arms, he broke the cords. His hand j
went to his pocket like a Hash. It 1
brought a knife. One movement suf- ,
ficed to cut the rope. The negro
dropped to the ground and escaped.
Bllcsard In Various Parts of Illinois, I
Indiana. Missouri and Ohio.
CHICAGO, Dec. 30.— A cold wave
reached Chicago this morning accom
panied by a snow faM of moderate
depth. Reports received to-night from
various points in Illinois, Indiana,
Missouri and Ohio say the wave has
developed into a blizzard. At Bhelby
ville, 111., a foot of snow has fallen and i
at o.iiri there are eight Inches.
At Indianapolis a foot of snow covers
the ground. Traffic is almost blocked.
At Lebanon two feet Of snow fell,
bringing all kinds of tralfic to a stand-
A blizzard rivaling in intensity the
snow storm of February, 1884, when
Toledo was snowbound for three days.
Is raging over Northeastern Ohio. Street
ad railroad traffic is greatly im
Final Bout! in the Tournament at
Bfaapetb, i>. r.
MASPETH (L. I.). Dec. 30.—The final
bouts in the tournament for lir> and
135-pound classes were decided to-night
at the Empire Athletic club.
In the 135-pound class Haughey of
1 Brooklyn got the decision over Zimpher
of Buffalo, while- in the 11."i-pound
| racket I'.enny Leon of New* York won
! over Dave Wail of Ireland.
The star bout of the evening, how
ever, vas between Dobbs of Minne
apolis rind Hill of Boston, the •J'ickan
ninny," in the Bnal round at the light
weight limit. 135 pounds. The bout
was ten rounds, for the championship
Of Xew York State. The referee stopped
j the bout in the sixth round, and gave
1 the decision to Dobbs on a foul. The
Boston boy had decidedly the best of
the fight when the alleged foul took
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The fight
to-night between Jack Daly of Wil
mington and Stanton Abbott, English
light-weight champion, at the Eureka
Athletic Club, was declared a draw at
the end of the thirty-seventh round. The
men fought for over three hours, and
at the end of that time were exhausted.
The King; Guarded Every N'iffht by
Amerluan Missionaries.
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 30.—The
Vladivostock correspondent of the
"Xovoe Yremeyea" telegraphs that the
situation in Corea is serious. The King
is surrounded by Japanese spies, and
goes in fear of his lfe. The American
missionaries guard him every night.
The representatives of the Powers are
concerting measures for his safety.
LONDON, Dec. SO.—The "Standard"
will to-morrow publish a dispatch from
Shanghai saying: it is reported that
Russia is massing troops on the Corean
frontier, in readiness for any emergency
that may arise. Owing to alleged as
saults on Russian subjects in Corea,
seventy Russian officers and soldiers
have arrived at Gensen, on the east
coast of Corea.
Report That the Xevr Warship is Not
a Serviceable Vessel.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The re
port of the Naval Board of Inspection
en the result of its trip on the battle
ship Texas last week was received at
the Navy Department to-day, and it is
said that it indicates the Texas not to
be a serviceable vessel. Secretary Her
bert will probably give out a statement
soon. In firing the turret guns the hy
draulic gear for moving the turrets
worked so badly that in one instance It
took two hours to discharge the gun.
The bottom of the ship was also con
sidered shaky. It was said at the de
partment to-day that itwasnotunlikely
that the Texas would be placed out of
commission and extensive repairs
Supports Cleveland's Course.
ROCHESTER (N. V.), Dec. 30.—Thf?
"Assembly Herald," an official organ of
the Benevolent and Missionary Work of
the Presbyterian Church, having a cir
culation of 150,000, in its leading edi
torial article in January strongly sup
ports the course of the President and
of Congress in regard to the Venezuelan
issue, claiming that the steadfast main
tenance of the American position in the
present emergency is the best security
for the present and future peace of our
Results of the Races at the Bay Dis
trict Track Yesterday.
With One Exception, all the Favorites
■\Vero Snowed Under—One De
cision Causes Comment.
SAN FRAXCISCO, Dec. 30.—With
one exception, the favorites were all
snowed under at the Bay District track
to-day, all sorts of outsiders scooting
acrosa&the plate. Little Bob, who was
playe<T by Riley Grannan for a "kill
ing," led all the way and won by a nose,
but the judges set him back for carry
ing Trix out, and gave the race to the
latter horse. The decision caused much
comment, and will not tend to make the
Bay District popular. Salisbury 11. was
the only winning favorite. The weather
was clear and cold and the track fast.
Five furlongs, selling, Rey del Ban
didos (5 to 1) won, Summertime (2 to 1)
second, Alvarado (2 to 1) third. Time —
l:iil». Fireman, Tennessee Maid, Doubt
ful, Leon L., Pollock and Heartsease
also ran. Heartsease finished Bet mil,
but was disqualified for fouling Sum
About six furlongs. Clacquer (40 to 1)
won, Tim Murphy (.". to 1) second. Sir
Richard (8 to ".) third. Tlm< —lill-'U-
Bernardo, Banjo, imp. Fullerton Lass,
Qussie and El Rayo also ran.
Five furlongs, selling, Mount Hoy C'j
to 1) won. Two Cheers (40 to 1) sec
ond. Dorsey C> to 1) third. Time—l:o2.
Monterey, Coif man, Middleton, Char
treuse. Bordeaux, Belle of Stonewall
and Burmah also ran.
Mile and a Furlong, selling, Trix (4'j
to 1) won. Duchess of Milpitas <l'j to
1) second. Navy Blue <i'> to 1) third.
Time—l:ss. Tar and Tartar, E. H. Shir
ley, Julia 0., Red Root, Articus, Doyle,
Lord dOr and Little Boh also ran.
Five furlongs, selling, two-year-olds,
Salisbury 11. (2'^ to 1) won, Virgie A.
(10 to 1) second. Easel Ml. to 1) third.
Time—l:o2. Don Pio Pico, Tiny, Viva,
Spry Lark. imp. Endymion, Trappeau,
Lorena 11., sister to Lottery filly and
Castanette also ran.
Five furlongs, selling. Seaside (10 to
1) won. Fijian (8 to .">) second, Matt
Bonhert (5 to "h third. Time—l:<ili_,.
Addien M., Valparaiso, Outright, Cat
alogue, Examiner, Joe Hill, George
Dickenson and Hillsdale Chief also ran.
SAN PRANCISCO, Dec 30.—Follow
ing are the entries and weights at the
District track to-morrow:
First race, live-eighths of a mile,
maiden two-year-olds, Mt. McGregor
(10S), The Swain Ml."i). Alflatus (115),
El Carmen (115), Rejected (105), Ollie
Yi. <l<ir>), Japan (lo."»), La Mascotte
(105), Huntress (110).
Second race, eleven-sixteenths of a
mile, selling, Emma, Buckingham (1 0t>),
My Sweetheart (107), Hillsdale Chief
(104), Polaski (112), Jake Johnson (109),
Montalvo (11M, Regan (104), Examiner
<1O4). Syndicate (112), Cymoor (107),
Fin Slaughter (100), Dorsey (104), Tri
umph (1)7), Geo. Dickenson (107) Jim
Corbett (109), lima (104), Fijian (101),
Hiram ArgO (10!>), Adam, Santiago.
Third race, about three-fourths of a
mile, two-year-olds. Jack (105), Gratify
(102), Kamsin (102), Cardwell (lO."i),
Billy MeOloskey (1O.">). Benham (105),
Pern (105), Yankee Doodle (105).
Fourth race, one and a quarter miles,
handicap, Claudius (115), Dungarven
illiii. Semper Lex (108), Fred Qardner
I'.ir.i, E. H. Shirley (90), Santiago (98).
Fifth race, thirteen-sixteenths of a
mile, selling. Rosebud (!>'!>, Raindrop
(98), Miss Garvin (96), Fortuna (98),
Miss Ruth (!•!>). Mamie Scott (93), Miss
Norma (©8), Imp. Ivy (98).
Sixth race, five-eighths of a mile,
maiden two-year-olds, Peixotto (I<'.">).
Colleen Bawn (110), Fig Chief (115),
Minnie (115), Brigantine (115), Harry O.
(105), Hagar (HO), Yon Dunk (108).
Wicki-Wicki (110). 1
Large Meeting Held at Boston to Protest
Against Turkish Outrages.
Addressed by an Officer of the Society
of the Red Cross.
Willing to Accept the Responsibility
of Profterlng Any Aid This Country
May Donate to Sufferers In Turkey
—its (are Humanity, Without Re
gard to itace, Creed or Nationality
—Committee Appointed to Inau
gurate a Plan of Obtaining Sub
BOSTON, Dec. 80.—The Aldermanic
Chamber at the City Hail was p
this noon with attendance at a meeting
in the interest 01 the Armenians of
America to protest against the Turkish
outrages. Mayor Curtis was unable to
be present, and Mayor-elect Josiah pie
bided, lie said that the- Government at
Washington was unanimous in the
opinion that something should be done,
and thought that anything In the way
ot offering subscriptions that could be
done at this time should be done with
out delay. He then introduced Miss
Clara Barton of Washington, an officer
of the lied Cross, who addressed the
meeting. Miss Barton said, in part:
"Three weeks ago 1 had no idea of
being called In any way to this work.
1 had read, like others, of the dreadful
things that were going on, but it had
never occurred to me that 1 or my
elates could be of the least use. 1 was
almost startled, if 1 may be permitted
to say so, at the request. It looked like
a doubtful undertaking, but 1 replied
as 1 couid only reply, that two condi
tions must be complied with before we
couid attempt the undertaking. The
flrst was tiiat the call shouid be unani
mous from the country, and that being
settled," she said, "we must then know
that the country that asked us to go
and take this relief would give us the
i.'unds to take. We could not carry on
the relief if they did not. They must
assure us thai they had what they
asked us to carry, and we must be as
sured that there were enough of it to
make the mission respectable.
"The last question appears to be the
one now to be settled. We have not yet
been assured that funds are ready We
weiv allied what funds we thought
would be needed. We referred the
question back to those who asked it, to
the people of your ciiy, and asked how
much they thought we would need.
They made the statement which has
doubtless been made to you. It is suffi
cient tv yay that the estimate was
theirs. We. acceded to it, and have said
from that time to this that whenew r
we received the unanimous request of
the people of the United States, backed
by this sum, we have no option left.
"The Red Cross never." Miss Barton
saiil, "asked for a cent. We have carried
that organization now over twelve
years. We have carried it through some
sixteen or seventeen fields of relief or
national disaster; field* too great for lo
cal aid, and we have never yet said to
any living person that we wanted one
dollar or one pound. Gentlemen, I think
it may become me to say just here that
we never shall.
"We have always taken the field: we
have always had of our supplies suffi
cient to do some good work when we got
there. The people have understood
when we went on the work that we
meant work; that we meant help; that
we meant relief, and they will have de
sired to get their gifts and relief to
that field, have asked us to take their
funds, their boxes, their barrels or
whatever they had to send and to do
the best with it. We have done so. In
looking over it, all I can say is that we
have in every case done the best we
knew. Whatever occurs, whatever may
happen, the Red Cross, in view of what
it is, and what it has done, will sleep
well at the end. (Applause.)
Miss Barton then told how the Red
Cross came to be organized in this
country. America did not become a
member until thirty-two Governments
had joined. She became a member in
ISM. Turkey joined in 1884. She made
but one condition, that as her people
had been educated to fight the cross,
and would cause trouble if that symbol
were used, the Red Crescent should be
substituted in Turkey. This was ac
ceded to, and to-day the Turkish mili
tary hospital flag is a red crescent.
"The society has no knowledge that
Turkey has changed her attitude
toward the society," said Miss Barton.
"The Red Cross knows no race.no creed,
no nationality; its care is humanity. It
would do for a wounded- Turk as quick
iy as a wounded Armenian, and this I
say without any intention of wounding
the sensibilities of any Armenian pres
ent. I went through the front of the
civil war here, and never once did I
knowingly step over a soldier in gray
who needed help to succor a soldier in
blue. I do not say that I even think we
can enter Turkey; I only hope t^o. We
can knock at her doors, proffer aid, and
1 believe that we will be given permis
sion to enter; that is all."
Resolutions were adopted by the
meeting providing for the appointment
of thirty to inaugurate a plan for ob
taining subscriptions throughout the
city, and the co-operation of Govern
ors, city officials and citizens generally
throughout New England were re
quested to aid in the work. The Chair
appointed thirty prominent business
men as the committee, with Jonathan
A. Lane, who presented the resolutions,
as Chairman.
G. H. Pullman, a member of the Red
Cross Society, declared that if the Red
Crors went to Turkey on this mission
to Armenians it must go unhampered
by any conditions attached to the
funds. He said that $100,000 had been
in the hands of the society.
Other addresses were made by Mr.
Lane. Eon. Rcbert Treat Paine a::d
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe in support of the
movement to raise funds for the support
of the Red Cross work in Turkey. Mr?.
Howe's address was a most impas
sioned plea for civilization, for
Christendom, to repress the Turk and
put an end to the massacre of Armeni- I
LONDON. Dec. oo.—The Daily News
will to-morrow publish an address from
it? Constantinople correspondent say
ing that the Turkish soldiers who were
investing Zeitoun were suffering terri-
WHOLE NO. 16,913.
bly from the cold, On an average
fifty deaths from exposure occurred
daily among: the troops. The condition
Of the army everywhere, except that
portion of it stationed In Constantino
ple, is deplorable. The men have not
received any pay for months. Their
clothing is tattered and their food Is
poor and inadequate. The 60,000
Lioops serving in Syria are being <1. cl
mated by disease. Numbers of the re
serves are daily desertirg, taking th< i."
arms and ammunition with them.
This means that these deserters will
take to brigandage in the near future.
All the Christian gendarmes in Asia
Minor have resigned owing to the fact
that they have not been paid.
Turkey Must. Pay for the Destruction
of Americans' Property.
WASHINGTON, D-c. 30.—Secretary
Olney has directed Minister Terrell, at
Constantinople, r.» demand an Indem
nity of $100,000 from Turkey for the
benefit of American missionaries wh.i
suffered loss of property in the Khar
poot outbreaks in November. Minister
ii lias also been Instructed t>> In
form the Sultan's Ministers that an ad
dftional indemnity will be demanded for
the benefit of Americans who su
loss of property at Ma rash a few weeks
later. This second demand will b : foi -
mally ma<ie soon as ■ I loss
sustained by Americans at Marash can
be officially determined. It is not ex
pected that the sum of indemnity will
be less than $100,000; and it may be
etary Olney in his letter to the
President., December 19th, for tl
formation of Congross, said the Turk
ish Government would be held r< |
sible for all losses to Americans :it
Kharpoot. ii.- has now begun the ful
fillment of that promise. He ilso stated
that a like demand would be mad for
losses at Marash.
Three the Danish Government w Lanes
to Dispose of.
CHICAGO, Dec. 30.—A special from
Washington says: Congress will h,.
given another opportunity to buy tho
Danish islands of St. Thomas, -
Cruz and St. John this winter. The
statement is made on the authority of
Henrich Cavling, editor of the "Politi
jken," Copenhagen, who was Introduced
to Congressmen and Senators to-day by
Senator Nelson of Minnesota.
Mr. Cavling said: "Denmark is com
pelled to sell these Islands. The ex
; pense of maintaining the Governments
of these islands each yeai is $150,00(1.
They may be sold to Germany if the
United States does not buy them. T
German Empire has no harbor in the
West Indies, and is anxious to secure
control of St. Thomas, which has a har
bor large enough to float the navies of
the world. But the Danes dislike the
mans, and do not want to sell to
any European Power. A liberal offer
would be made to the United States
It has been practically determined to
H. or let the islands be inaep< n
Most of the residents are British immi
grants, and thir first move would be to
petition England for a protectorate.
I The first offer to sell was made to the
United Stat a in 1868."
London and Berlin Capitalists After
American Securities.
LONDON, Dec. 20.— The United
Press has ascertained here that a syn
dicate is being formed in Berlin and
London to take up the proposed United
States loan. The principal neg
tions will proceed in Berlin for 4 ;. r
cent, bonds issued at about par. The
London firms taking part in the syndi
cate include the prominent American
bankers here. It is doubtful whether a.
public issue will be made in London.
The completion of the contract with the
syndicate depends upon the view which
President Cleveland may take about the
issue price. The amount proposed to b^
taken is $200,000,000.
At Last Accounts Telegraph Operators
Were in Great Dancer.
NEW YORK, Dec. 31.—Fire started
shortly after midnight this (Tuesday)
morning in the four-story Kinney
building at Broad and Market streets,
Newark. The flames were first seen in
the cable room of the Western Union
Telegraph Company, and they spread
The Western Union's service was
crippled at 1 o'clock. The operators
and others in both offices continued to
work, with the water pouring around
them from above. The rooms were
filled with smoke, and the operators
were in great danger.
Three Children Burned to Death.
AKRON (Ala.), Doc. 30.—William At
kins and wife went to church last night,
leaving three children, aged 10, 7 and f>
years, respectively, at home in bed.
Returning at midnight, they found the
house in flames, and heard the children
crying for help, but were unable to save
them, and all three were cremated. The
fire was caused by the explosion of a
Atlanta, Exposition.
ATLANTA (Ga.), Dec. 30.—The ex
position closes to-morrow. To-day the
weather was very disagreeable but the
attendance was large. An International
Folk Lore Congross was held at the
Woman's Building.
Inspection of Steam Vessels.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—General
Dumojit has issued a call for the annual
meeting of the Supervising Inspectors
of Steam Vessels to convene in Wash
ington, January 11, 1896. The meeting
will continue for two weeks or more.
Gold Reserve.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—At the
close of business to-day the Treasury
gold reserve stood at $63,195,151. The
withdrawals at New York to-day for
"domestic purposes" was .$652,000.
Justice Brewer Accepts.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—Justice
Brewer of the Supreme Court has been
tendered and has accepted a place on
the Venezuelan Commission.
Cold Weather in the South.
RIVERSIDE, Dec. 30.—Last night
was the coldest of the season. The
mercury suddenly dropped until in tht;
latter portion of the night n. remaini-J
steadily below the freezing point. The
cold, however, was neither so severe
nor long continued as in the past two
winters, when much damage was done
to the orange crop, and the impression
is that a comparatively small amount
of fruit is damaged, the injury amount
ing to probably less than ID per cent.

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