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The record-union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, July 10, 1896, Image 1

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VOLUME XCI.-KO. 134.
A DAY OF DAIS IN THE HISTORY OF
POLITICAL CONVENTIONS.
Excitinu Scenes Witnessed in the
o
Coliseum at Chicago.
A Speech by Senator Hill Arouses
Great Enthusiasm.
Remarkable Deik. statin at the Close of Ex-
GiigrttStti Bryan's Address.
Bland, Bryan, Sitter Boies, HacHrarn and McLean
Placed ' Sonnnanon.
CONVENTION HALL, CHICAGO,
July 9 —This has been a day of days in
the history of national political conven
tions. From early morning until late
at night, with the exception of a three
hours' intermission, the gigantic Col
iseum, the largest hall in the world,
was crowded to the doors with inter
ested and enthusiastic spectators.
But great in number as had been the
masses who attended the morning and
afternoon sitting, they were as noth
ing in comparison to the tremendous,
record-breaking audience that thronged
the stupendous building at the evening
session. Such a gathering had never
before be'en seen at a national conven
tion. The floor and galleries formed
one great mass of solid humanity.
Where the narrow ribbons of aisles had
marked the various divisions of the
huge interior, there was gathered hun
dreds—perhaps thousands—of those
who could not find other accommoda
tions. Every chair was filled, and
some idea of the meaning of this may
be gained by the knowledge that the
Coliseum has a seating capacity of K'..
--000. And in addition to the myriads
which pushed and crowded every avail
able space, many more, estimated at
5,000 in number, were gathered about
the entrances during the greater part
of the evening, tickets in hand, fruit
lessly clamoring for admission.
Like yesterday, this has been a day of
remarkabie demonstrations, but the cli
max of emotional enthusiasm was
reached in a demonstration remarkable
ln its spmtaniety and Ol bOflSJtd rable
length. The vast assembly had listened
to a speech by Senator Tillman, replete
in passionate incrimination of Cleve
land, and trad showed approval and dis
approval by cheers and hisses.
But when William J. Bryan of Ne
braska, handsome, vigorous and mag
netic, and not unlike McKinley in voice,
infection and facial expression, con
cluded the effort of his life in support
of the free coinage platform, there oc
curred one of those scenes which sends
the blood coursing fast through the
VeiDS of even the most passive specta
tor and remain fixed in the memory for
a lifetime. Like the terrible premoni
tory rumbling that gives warning of the
approach of 10*000 cattle stampeded,
delegates and spectators began the ova
tion to the young Nebraskan. And then
the volume of sound grew and grew
until it could grow no more, and en
thusiasm went mad as Bryan, in his
braska seats, was caught in the whirl
wind of frenzied enthusiasm and lifted
high on the shoulders of the delegates.
From floor to gallery, the waves of ap
plause swept, and back again from gal
lery to lloor, and when the mass fell
back exhausted Bryan was seated
among his de-legation.
The attempt etf Senator Tillman to
have the convention condemn Cleveland
and his financial policy had been frus
trated by many protests from Senator
Jones and Bryan, who though admitted
ly anti-Administration in their views,
d* cried any abuse of the man who had
been twice the choice of their party.
Senator Tillman, admonished by the
cheering which gave commendation to
the remarks of Jom-s and Bryan, with
drew his resolution.
At night the candidates for the nomi
nation were named by noted orators,
and the usual demonstrations held.
Lland was cheered to the e-cho, and a
Scene Ot the wildest c nthusiasm ensued
w hen Senator Vest mentioned his name
at the end of the nominating spo> < h.
Bryan, suddenly Injected into the list
of probable candidates by his s| eech in
Ike morning, was put before the < onven
tioa in the maiden effort uf Delegate
11. T. Lewis of Georgia, who establish.d
a reputation for natural oratory in the
few brief moments he took for the pur
pose, and equal to th • demonstration for
Bland was that whh h followed the
Georgia de-legate's address.
A girl in white, frantic in her enthusi
asm for Horace Boles, leaped to a chair
ir the gallery and waved a Boies ban
ner with frenzied vehemence, and nearly
c\ery man in the- vast hall, whether
from gallantry or actual sympathy, rose
and cheered m ith a right good will. And
when the pretty young woman, swaying,
jumping, dapping hat hands and giv
ing v. Nt to her emotion in divers other
ways, man h.-d through delegates and
spectators with the Boies standarel
borne- above her h.*ad, the audience
caught the full spirit of he-r enthusiasm
and shouted with might and main.
I'ntil late in the night these stirring
scenes continued, and the thousands
feathered under the vast expanse of iron
THE RECORD-UNION.
canopy never seemed to tire of using
their lungs.
CONVENTION OPENED.
EXTENDED DEBATE OVER THE
PLATFORM,
Participated in by Hill, Tillman, Vilas,
Jones, Ex-Governor Russell and
Ex-Congressman Bryan.
CHICAGO, July It.—The delegates
were slow in reaching the convention
hall this morning, and it was nearly 11
o'clock before the fall of the gavel an
nounced that another day's session of
the National Democratic Convention
had begun. There were at that time
many empty seats in the part of the
hall reserved for the delegates, but the
seats of the spectators were all occu
pied.
Hefore the convention was called to
order the principal subject of interest
was the annuncement that the Com
mittee on Platform had added to the
platform a strong plank against the A.
P. A., and declaring that every citizen
of the United States is entitled to civil
and religious liberty.
It was just lU:">2 o'clock when the
Chairman called the convention to or
der.
Senator White of California, Perma
nent Chairman, called the assembly to
order. Prayer was offered by Rev.
Thomas E. Green, who offered prayer
yesterday. Representative Richardson
of Tennessee was then called to the
chair.
Senator Jones of Arkansas presented
the report of the Committee on Plat
form and the various points in the plat
form were enthusiastically cheered as
they were read.
When the Cuban plank was reacheej
someone in the front aisle unfurled
the Mag and waved it. This effort at
theatrical effect was promptly sup
pressed by the Chairman, who rapped
sharply and commanded the Sergeant
at-Arms to "Haul down that flag,"
which was immediately done, and the
incident was brought to an ignominious
close.
The platform is substantially as
printed yesterday.
Senator Hill presented a minority re
peat from the Committee on Resolu
tions, which Condemns free coinage of
silver and advocates that all money be
kept at a parity with gold. Another
plank indorses the administration of
Cleveland. Both these planks were en
thusiastically cheered, especially the
latter. Many of the delegates and the
larger part of the audience sprang to
their feet and waved hats and hand
kerchiefs, while the cheering and ap
plause showed that Cleveland had not
yet lost all his popularity.
T'.vo amendments were then read by
Senator Hill as follows: First amend
ment:
"But it shr>uld be carefully provided
by law that any change in the mone
tary standard should not apply to ex
isting contracts."
Second amendment: "Our advocacy of
the independent and free coinage of sil
ver being based on the belief that such
coinage will effect and maintain a
parity between gold and silver at the
ratio of R! to 1, we declare and pledge
our sincerity that if such free coinage
shall fail to effect such parity within
one year from its enactment by law,
such coinage shall thereupon be sus
pended."
SENATOR TILLHAN
Delivers the hirst Speech in Favor of
the Majority Report.
Senateir Tillman of South Carolina
was the lirst speaker In favor of the
majority report. When he ascended
the platform he was greeted with
cheers and hisses. He began by re
ferring to the way in which the "lying"
newspapers had misrepresented him
when they called him the "pitchfork
man" from South Carolina, and said
that he came from the secession. He
denounced these statements as an in-
Milt to South Carolina. They were
there, he said, to inaugurate a war to
liberate the white slaves. He did not
know Whether he could be looked on as
the representative of the whole South.
His listeners seem -d to have the same
doubt, for there were many cries of
"No, no," and much confusion.
Tillman resumed: "We have been
th.- hewers of wood and drawers of
water in bemdage to the States of New
York. Connecticut and New Jersey.
This is purely a sectional issue."
BENATOB I!. EL TiI.I.MAX.
The Speaker was here interrupted by
cheers and hisses, the hisses predom
ii.ating. The speak'-r stood until si
lence had been restored and then sai l
that the facts would never be changed
by hissing. He asked if New York and
C nnsylvania had got their great in
< rease of wealth In the last decade hon
estly, an increase greater than that of
twenty-live Of the Western and South
ern States In the same period Of time.
The South has no angry of re
sentment for the WTOngS it has endured.
Here the speaker was interrupted by
impatient shouts from the galleries of
Time, time," but he went on with
out paying attention to them. He said
that the sectlonali.sm was between the
SACRAMENTO. FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 10, 1596.-EIGHT PAGES.
poople and the great money oligarchy
cf the East, and asked, "Where is the
New York leader now?"
This question again excited the gal
leries, and was greeted with laughter,
cheers and hisses. Then one man called
out, as an answer, "In the soup." An
other called for Herr Most. And then
there were cries throughout the audi
ence for Hill; and for a while confusion
reigned. Tillman became angry as the
confusion increased, and said that he
would have his say if he had to stand
there until sundown.
Finally, when quiet was restored, he
said that the New York Senator would
have his turn on the platform. Hill
had forced the present issue, and would
have a chance to explain his reasons
To indorse the Administration of
President Cleveland would be to write
themselves asses and liars. He spoke
of the bond syndicate, and denounced
Cleveland for overriding his oath and
invading the State of Illinois with Gov
ernment troops. Cleveland has been
the death of the Democratic party as
far as ho could be.
He offered a substitute to the Hill
resolution, a resolution which lead as
follow.-: "We denounce the administra
tion of President Cleveland as undemo
cratic and tyrannical, and as a depart
ure from those principles prized by ali
liberty loving Americans; the veto
power used to ttrwart the will of the
people as expressed by their represent
atives in Congress; appointive power
used to subsidize press, debauch Con
gress, overawe and control citizens in
the free exercise of their constitutional
rights as voters, and the plutocratic
despotism thus sought to be established
em the ruins of the republic. We repu
diate the construction placed on the
financial plank of the last Democratic
National Convention by President
Cleveland and Secretary Carlisle as con
trarj to the plain meaning of English
words, and as being acts of bad faith,
deserving the severest censure; the is
sue e>f bonds in time of peace with which
to buy gold to redeem the coin obliga
tions payable in silver or gold, and the
use of the proceeds to defray the ordi
nary expenses of the Government as
unlawful usurpations of authority de
serving impeachment."
JONES OF ARKANSAS
Also Speaks in Favor of the Platform
Reported by the Majority.
When Tillman had finished he was
followed by Senator Jones of Arkansas,
who, of course, spoke in favor of the
majority report. This was not, he said,
a question of section. He loved the
whole of this great country, and would
lay down his life for it. He loved it be
yond all question of sectionalism. They
were now engaged in an effort to re
store- tlie liberties of their fathers.
His reference to the John Sherman
and Cleveland Republicanism was
greeted with laughter and cheers. He
said that they had repudiated sin in the
platform, but had not mentioned the
sinner. He elenounced Cleveland as un
democratic and tyrannical, and offered
an amendment to the platform to that
effect. He denounced, moreover, the
issue of bonds in time of peace as a
usurpation ot authority deserving im
peachment.
As he left the platform he was greet
ed " ith mingled cheers and hisses, and
the eonwntion was a scene of confusion
until Hill c>f New York made his ap
pearance.
DAVID B. HILL.
The New York Senator Speaks for the
Substitute Plank.
David B. Hill mounted the platform
to speak for the substitute plank, and a
scene that approached in enthusiasm
that of last night, when New York cast
her seventy-two votes for the minority,
began. Delegates stootl on their chairs
and waved hats, fans and handker-
DAVID BENNETT HILL.
chii fs. Mr. Whitney rose with the rest,
and the sight of his erect figure brought
many to their feet. The galleries seemed
to rise- as a man, and the- waving sea of
hats, newspapers and everything at
hand that could be made conspicuous
rose and Ml over the hall.' The at
t- mpts of the Chair to still :.h<» tumult
were unavailing, and although most of
the delegates resumed their seats aft-r
several minute* of cheering the galler
ies would not be quiet and yelled and
shouted with hearty good will.
All this time the object of the dem
onstration stood cool, facing his enthu
siast lc friends. He showed no feeling
in facial expression and glanced
straight ahead. Then gradually the tu
mult ended and finally silence reigned.
.\lt. 11 ii; began In slow ami distinct
tones, saying that, following the course
of the Senator from South Carolina, he
WOUld introduce himself by saying. "1
am a Democrat, but I am not a revo
lutionist." (Cheers.) Without intending
to especially reply to the remarks of the
disti lguished Senator from South Caro-
Una, he would only say that it was a
v aste of time for him to assuim that we
9ji re SO ignorant as not to know that it
was South Carolina that in 1800 at
tempted to destroy the Union. His
(Hill's) mission here to-day was to build
Op, not to destroy. He knew he ad
dressed a convention that did not agree
with al] tin views he held, but he knew
they WOtlld hear him for his cause. N'-w
York made no apology to South Caro
lina. (Cheers.) She did not need it.
Need he remind this great convention
thai :t was N. w York City, whose great
wealth had be< n so decried, that had
Bilwaye been the chief Gibraltar of ife
mocracy ?
lie assorted this proposition, that the
Democratic party stood to-day tor gold
and silver as money of the Constitu
tion, and not for gold or silver alone,
but differed as to the means that should
be employed to attain that end. One
side favored the co-operation of other
nations. It was not a question of pour*
age. It was a question of business, i
business of economics. He believed jt
was wise Jo seek the co-operation of
other nations. He did not asasil ths
honesty of those who differed with him.
He had always treated the free coinage
men respectfully and would do so to
day. He did not believe they could ig
nore the financial system. It flattered
American pride to say this nation was
big enough to stand alone. Rut if we
carried this out to its legitimate con
clusion we might as well do away with
all international commercial treaties.
He further thought it unwise to de
pend upon a single standard. The plat
foi m should have stopped at demand
ing the remonetization e>f silver. In
stead of that, the platform made the
threat that Democratic loyalty hangs
upon the single ratio of 1(5 to 1. He saw
before him distinguished free coinage
Senators who had introduced bills ad
vocating other ratios. The platform
said the gedd policy was tho policy of
England. It forgot to say that there
v. as a French policy also, a German pol
icy, a Spanish policy —that, in fact, it
was the policy of the worla as repre
sented by the States of the Latin Union
Ho took it for granted that this con
vention was in favor of maintaining
the silver dollar e»n a parity with every
other dollar. But the platform said not
a word about this. Everything was
risked on free coinage. Could the
American people, no matter how brave
they might be, make copper or lead the
equal of gold It was a question, as he
had said, of economics, and therefore
in the opinion of the minority the saf
est course was to advocate interna
tional monometallism, and stop there.
The criticism was made that the mi
nority's plank was similar to that of
the Republican party. He did not think
it much the worse for that. The Mon
roe plank, the Cuban, the pension and
the civil service planks were all equally
like the Republican planks. Ho did not
ilke many of the planks in the Demo
cratic platform, and he thought if the
wise counsels of the Senator from Ar
kansas (Jones) had provailed it would
have been different. Therefore, when
that Senator said the platform said
what it meant and meant what it
said, he would like someone to explain
what was meant by the plank
about the issue of paper money
in the future. Was this an attempt at
this late day to commit the Democratic
party to the suicidal policy of issuing
paper money?
Further, he did not believe it wise to
introduce new tests of Democracy.
What was the necessity of making an
income tax a test of Democratic faith?
"Had it come to this," he asked, "that
the followers of Tilden, who all his life
opposed this income tax, were .now re
quired as a test of their Democracy to
express their belief in the constitution
ality of an income tax? Is it wise?" he
asked, "to attack the Supreme Court
of your country? (Cheers.) Will some
one tell me what that clause means in
this platform? If you mean what you
say, and say what you mean, that
plank means—if it means anything—
that it is the duty of Congress to re
construct the Supreme Court of the
I'nited States. I will not follow any
such revolutionary step as that."
(Cheers.) Then he asked if they had
not trouble enough without putting in
all these unnecessary and foolish things.
"What more have you done? You
have for the first time assailed in a
Democratic platform the doctrine of our
fathers, of a life tenure for our Judges.
How foolish to insert that plank."
Still more foolish was the condemna
tion, he said, of the Issue of bonds.
That meant the repeal of the Resump
tion Act and repudiation. (Cheers.)
The statement implied that not even
Congress had the power to do this. The
statement was too broad. It must be
a surprise to some:-of his Democratic
friends in the Sena*e who had intro
duced bills to authorize the issue of
bonds for the Nicaragua Canal and
other purposes. (Laughter and ap
plause.) He summarised the results
which would have followed if the Pres
ident had not made use of the author
ity conferred upon him and issued
bonds.
Speaking of the deficit of $50,000,000
which had arisen because a tariff bill
passed by the Democratic party had
re>t "as yet" (as he said with empha
sis) yielded enough revenue for the ne
cessities of the Government, he said,
this was a foolish issue to have raised.
It put the Democratic party on the de
fensive in every school district in the
country. The burden imposed upon the
Eastern States by this silver plank was
all they could reasonably be expected
to carry, without imposing on them all
the additional issues. He did not be
lieve in driving men out of the Demo*
cratic party (cheers) to make room for
a lot of Republicans and Whigs and
Populists who have never voted the
Democratic ticket in their lives. (Loud
cheering.)
"I tell you," he added, impressively,
"no matter who your candidate may be,
with one exception, your Populist
friends will nominate their own tickets,
and your forces will be divided." (Loud
applause.) A voice back in the hall
cried "No."
Turning in that direction. Hi!! raid,
with bitter intonation, "My friend says
'No.' '' Then raising his voice to its
full pitch, he asked. "Who is there to
speak for the Populists in a Demo
cratic Convention?" (Cheerj renewed
airain and again.)
The Senator brought his speech to a
close by a recapitulation of the defects
he found in the platform, and said that
there was still time to remedy them in
part.
As he returned to his delegation he
was cheered as no other speaker had
been since the opening of the conven
tion.
SENATOR VILAS.
The Wisconsin Delegate Supports His
Colleague's Argument.
The demonstration over Senalor Hill
was at its hight when Senator Vilas as
cended the platform to support his col
league's argument, and his appearance
there was lost sight of in the general
ce-nfusion. Hill's progress to his place
among the Xew York delegation was a
series of handshaking. Even after the
demonstration had ceaseel it was some
time before order could be obtained.
Vilas was cheered as he began. He
said the resolutions were introduced to
make a protest against the attempt at
party revolution. If the majority per
sisted in its revolutionary movements
they were sure to meet a fearful penal
ty. This platform would not produce
bimetallism. It was in dire n contrast
to the platform of 1892, which proposed
honest bimetallism. It would shrink,
not swell, our currency. The silver dol
lar was no new thing to the United
States. The scheme of silver monomet
allism was no new thing to the United
States. The Act of \S.'A was the real
Democratic measure. It was created
under Democratic leadership. That was
■ 1 stinctly a gold measure. The gold
standard was now accused of respond
bility for all the prevailing ills, but *t
was never so credited when prices rose.
"Would you," he asked, "stop the
change of prices, stop enterprise, pre
vent transportatiem. take from the
farmer the reaper and reaping machine
—wheat would rise? Do such things as
these and they would soon relieve ycu,"
he said, "of this curse of civilization."
Vilas told of the changes in the wages
and prices during the decade just past.
The foreign debt was pledged to be paid
in gold anel for every foreign debtor a
creditor would be injured—one ot our
own people. He protested against the
assumption that this was a nation of
dishonest debtors. (Applause.) ln the
language of Lincoln. "You may fJOI All
the people some of the time; you may
fool some of the people all the time,
but you cannot fool all of the people all
the time." (Laughter and applause.)
He solemnly protested. Should this
scheme, ever win, it would result in uni
versal distress; if it should ever come
about it would result in dire calamity.
11' that calamity ever came, let us n -
member who wre its authors. He ap
pealed to the Southern Democrats to de
sist in their attempt to bring abou; a
change in civilization at which the
whole world stanels aghast.
EX-GOVERNOR RUSSELL.
He Speaks for the Democracy of His
Commonwealth.
Che-ors for Vilas as he concluded were
intermingled with cries of "Russell,"
and the ex-Governor of Massachusetts
was given a hearty welcome as he be
gan to speak.
The time had passed, he said, for de
bate on the me-rits of this issue. He
was conscious, painfully conscious,
that the mind of this convention was
not and had not been open to convic
tion. He knew that the policy which
juggled down rights and invaded the
sovereignty of States was to be rigid
ly enforced. But the country, if not
this convention, woulel listen to the
higher protest. (Cheers.)
He spoke, and he had a right to
speak, for the Democvracy of his com
monwealth. He had seen it in darkest
days following the principles of De
mocracy with an abiding faith, and
they had lived to se-e the day when for
three successive years they had seen tho
banners of Democracy triumphant in
Massachusetts over the cohorts of Re
publican protection.
EX-GOVERNOR RUSSELL.
This was one great national issue. He
did not believe he should have lived to
see the day when these great principles
would be forgotten in a Democratic
convention, and that they should be in
vited under new and radical leadership
and a new and radical policy, at the
demand of a section, on the ground of
expediency, to adopt a policy which he
and those who thought with him be
lieved meant dishonor and disaster.
(Cheers.)
Then- Governor Russell paid his re
spects to George Fred Williams. He
said: "In these debates I have heard
one false note from the commonwealth
of Massachusetts. I answer him not in
anger, but in sorrow, and I appeal to
you, my fellow-delegates, and ask, do I
or do I not speak the sentiments of my
State (Loud cries of "Yes.") Do I
speak the sentiments of my State
when I say they and we utter our
earnest and unflinching protest against
this Democratic platform? (Cheers.)
Let me, following the example of the
Senator from South Carolina, utter a
word of prophecy. When this storm
has subsided, and the dark clouds of
passion and prejudice have worn away,
and there comes a sober second thought
of the people, then the protests of the
minority here will be held as the ark of
the covenant of the faith (cheers),
where all Democrats will be united and
go ' u-th to tight for the old principles
and carry them to triumphal victory."
BRYAN OF NEBRASKA.
Moves to Lay on the Table Resolu
tions Condemning Clev eland.
Cheer after cheer went up as Bryan of
Nebraska, tall, smooth-laced, youthful
looking, leaped up the platform steps
two at a time to close the debate. Plan
ners waved from the free silver delega
tions, and handkerchiefs, newspapers,
hats, fans and coats were brought into
play by the enthusiastic crowd. At
one time the applause became deafening
and could not be supposed by Richard
son, who was still acting as Temporary
Chairman.
When eiuiet had been restored Bryan
1 egan speaking clearly and precisely.
He moved to lay on the table the resolu
tions in condemnation of the Adminis
tration. This was not a question that
permitted descent into personalities.
There had been a great contest; never
before had so great an issue been fought
out. He sketched the growth of the free
silver ielea in the Democratic ranks, and
told of the zeal that had been injected
into the party contest. The silver men
had gone forth to vi-tory after victory
and were assembled now not to con
demn, not to protest, but to enter up a
judgment ordered by the people.
As individuals, he said, those whom he
represented might have been willing to
compliment the gentleman from New
York (Hill). But they were unwilling
to put him in a position where he could
thwart the will of the Democratic party.
(Cheers.) He claimed fur his people that
they were the equals of the people of .
Massachusetts (cheers), and when the I
people of Massachusetts came to the
people of Nebraska and said: "You have
disturbed our business," the people of !
Nebraska replied to the people of Mas- j
sachusetts: "You have elisturbtnl our
business." (Applause).
"We say," he continued, "you have
made too limited an application of the
definition of the word 'business man.'
The man employed for wages is as much
a business man as his employer. The
farmer who goes out to toil in the morn
ing is as much a business man as the
pian who goes on Board of Trade
to gamble in stocks. (Cheers.) The
miner is as much a business man as the
few official magnates whe> in a hack
room corner the money of the world."
(Great cheering.)
Mr. Bryan saiel those who he repre
sentee! were tired of submitting to the
burdens which oppressed them. "We
beg no longer, we petition DO more, we
defy them."
This denunciation, uttered in Mr.
Bryan's most dramatic manner, w as fol
lowed by a scene of wild excitement and
cheering which lasted several minutes.
"What we need." Mr. Bryan contin
ued, "is an Andrew Jackson, to stand
as Andrew Jackson stood, against the
national banks. We are told that our
platform is made to catch votes. We re
ply to them that changed conditions
make new Issues. The principled on
which Democracy rests are as everlast
ing as the hills, but they must be ap
plied to new conditions as they arise.
tell us that the income tax question
ought not to be brought in here; that
it is a new idea. They find fault with
©Ur criticism of the Supreme Court of
the I'nited States. We have not crit
icised it. We have simply called at
tention to it. If you want a criticism of
the court in the matter of the income
tax. read the dissenting opinions of the
Judges. They say that we passed an
unconstitutional law. I deny it. The
income tax was not unconstitutional
when it wvnt before the Supreme Court
for the first time. It did not become un
constitutional until one Judge changed
his mind. And" we cannot be expected
to know when a Judge will change his
mind. (Cheers and laughter.) The in
come tax is a just law. and I am in fa
vor of it. (Applause.) And when i
find a man who is not willing to pay his
share of the burdens of the Govern
ment which protects him. I find a man
unworthy to enjoy the blessings of a
Government like ours. (Loud cheers.)
Thomas Benton said that, in searching
history, he could find but one parallel
to Andrew Jackson; that when Cicero
destroyed the conspiracy of Cataline
and saved Rome, he did for Rome what
Jackson did when he destroyed the
bank conspiracy and saved America.
We say in our platform that the right
to coin and issue money is a function of
Government. We believe that that
power of sovereignty can no more with
safety be delegated to private corpora
tions than the power to enact penal
statutes or to levy taxation. Mr. Jef
ferson, who was regarded as good Dem
ocratic authority, seems to have had a
different opinion from the Senator
from New York. They tell us that the
issuance of paper money is the func
tion of the banks, and that the Gov
ernment ought to go out of the banking
business. I stand with Jefferson and
tell them, as he did, that the banks
ought to go out of the governing busi
ness. (Cheers and laughter.)
"The Senator from New York says
he will offer an amendment providing
that the proposed change of law shall
not affect contracts already made. Let
me remind him that that is not the in
tention, where, under the present law,
contracts are made payable in gold.
But if he means to say that we cannot
change our monetary system without
protecting those who have loaned be
fore the change is made, I want to
know where in law or morals he can
find authority for not protecting the
debtors when the Act of IX7.'! was
passed.
"The Senator from New York also
asks about the consequence of a failure
to maintain parity. My reply is that
we cannot couple the platform with a
doubt as to our own sincerity. Ho says
he wants this country to try to secure
an international agreement. Why does
he not tell us what he is going to do if
they fail to secure it (Applause and
laughter.) They have tried for twenty
years to seeur? an international agree
ment for bimetallism, and those are
waiting for it most patiently who do
not want it a : all. (Applause and laugh
ter.)
"If they ask up why it is that we say
more on *he money question than on the
tariff que.-.tion we reply that if protec
tion slain its thousands, the g ! 1
standard has slain its tens of thou
sands. (Cheers.) If they ask us why not
embody in the platform all those things
that we believe, my reply is that when
17th I
I FRIDAY
i "Special." -=-- I
I To-day we will sell the "JOHN BREUNER, fj
P single woven wire cot, 2 1
I feet 6 inches wide, 6 feet 604, 606, 608 X, t
long, for _ ~ , 1
Sacramento, Cal. V
$1 25. . f
Regular price, $2. ~^-^.^.^rrT" - 1 -| — I
I Handy—that's what it If
is—this woven wire cot. * ™ | ■
Legs fold underneath.
Easily put out of sight jk
when not needed. Set up |j
in a twinkling.' f
WHOLE N0.17,093.
we have restored the money of the Con
stitution all other nec< ssary reforms
w ill bo pe>ssible, and that until that »J
done there is no reform that can be ac
complished. (Cheers, i
"Why Is it that, within three months,
such a change has come over the senti
ment of the country ? Three months
it was confidently asserted that those
w ho believed in the gol 1 standard woult
frame a platform and nominate and
elect a candidate, an 1 they had no rea
son for the assertion, because there is
scarcely a State* here to-day asking for
a gold standard that is not within the
absolute control of the Republican
party. Mr. McKinley was nominated at
St. Louis on a platform which declares
for the maintenance of the told stand
ard until it shall be changed into bimet
allism by International agreement Mr.
MoKinhy was the most popular man
among the Republicans, and three
months ago everybody in the Republi
can party prophesied his election.
•Mow is it to-day? That man wha
leoa (laughter) shudders to-day when
(Cheers.) lb- can fancy that he hears in
the distance the sound ot the waves as
they beat on th.- lonely shores of St.
Helena. (Cheers.) Why this change?
Ah. my fri< ads, the change is evident
to anyone who looks at the matter. It
is because no private character, how
ever pure; no personal j«>pularlty, how
ever great, can proti et from the avem;
man who declares that he is in favor ot
pie, or who Ts willing to surrender the
right of self-government and to place?
legislative control in the hands of for
eign potentates and crowns, cannot
hope for an election to the Presidency;
"We of the North," said the orator,
"are confident that we shall win. Why?
lit cause there is not a spot of ground
upon which the advocates of the gold
standard can meet us. V.m tell us the
groat cities are in favor of the gold
standard. Burn down your cities and*
leave our farms and your cities will
grow again. But destroy our farms and
the grass will grow In . very city of tha
late for its own people upon every ques
tion without waiting for the consent of
any other nation on earth, and uiK>r»
that issue we expect to carry every
State in this country. (Great cheers.) It
is the issue of 177(1 over again. Our an
cestors, when only three millions mv
number, declared their independence of
every nation on earth. Shall we, when
grown to 70,CMI0.»mm», have l< ss courage?
II they say we cannot have bimetal
lism until some other nation assists, wo
rt ply that we will restore bimetallism
and let England adopt it because tha
United States has led the way. (Cheers )
We shall answer their demand for tho
gold standard by saying to them: Tou
shall not press down upon the brow of
labor this crown of thorns. You shall
not crucify mankind upon a cross of
gold.' " (Tremendous cheering.)
REMARKABLE SCENE.
Extraordinary Demonstration for the
Nebraska Orator.
Then ensued perhaps tho most extra
ordinary scene of this extraordlanry
convention. As if by tho masric touch of
a wand, delegation after delegation roso
in solid phalanx .md gave vent to tho
most enthusiastic demonstration in
honor of tie Nebraska orator. Every
body stood Ui>, even the Eastern men,
who were at tirst disposed to remain in
their seats. Westerners shouted, wavetl
handkerchiefs, hats, flags, canes, um
brellas and anything else conspicuous
and portable. Deafening cheers rent the
air; articles of every description were
thrown high above tho surging sea of
humanity. The staffs bearing th° names)
of the States were held aloft with Hag*
and other things.
When that pastime became too tamo,
led by Delegate Gatewood of Texas,
nearly all of the silver States and Terri
tories and some gold States joined in :u
procession bearing the State poles and
marched in triumph around the floor.
Some of the Eastern States kept their
sign staffs in th' ir places and confined
their expressions to standing up and
giving a mild cheer as Individuals. Thi?»
furore continued for a quarter of an
hour and no efforts wore made by tha
(Continued on Sixth Page.)

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