Newspaper Page Text
Tha Conflict Now in Progress Be
tween British and Boers
Overshadows Every Other Topic In Political
Circles at Berlin.
Dr. Barth, the Liberal Leader, and
a Steadfast Friend of Great
Britain, of the Opinion That
England Will Lose the Whole
of South Africa, and Contends
That Secretary Chamberlain
Blundered in Provoking War
Without Having Made Neces
sary Military Preparations.
(Copyrighted, 1599, by Associated Press.)
BERLIN, Dec. 30.—The South African
war overshadows everything else here.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press has just had an interesting in
terview with the Liberal leader, Dr.
Barth, who Is one of the most stead
fast friends of Great Britain and
America, but who also condemns the
War. Dr. Barth said:
"At present it looks as if England
might lose the whole of South Africa.
I have private information from Africa,
via Holland, according to which the re
bellious movement among the Cape
Boers has assumed much more serious
proportions than the English news
papers admit. There never was a
greater piece of political stupidity than
that shown by Mr. Chamberlain in pro
voking war, without having nrade the
necessary military preparations. If
England had only waited a few years,
she could have had everything without
"If England is totally defeated, this
war will be the best thing for the world,
even for England. It will be a lesson
she will not soon forget. It will have a
wholesome influence upon the jingoes
Of all countries, including the German.
Our navy scheme, which is almost sure
of adoption, must be understood to be
in connection with the war in South
Africa, all fine phrases offered in ex
planation notwithstanding. The in
crease was decided upon because Ger
many has lost confidence in the men
who are shaping England's policy.
"The brutality of the present English
policies renders Germany's position too
insecure. What happens in the Trans
vaal to-day on land may happen to
Germany upon the sea to-morrow. Dis
trust of England makes it necessary for
Germany to be so strong at sea that the
English Jingoes will think twice be-
fore attacking Germany. If the Eng
lish statesmen of to-day were of the
. type of Gladstone and Morley, We
should have no concern; but with such
political 'Jack o'Lanterns' as Mr.
Chamberlain at the helm, we don't
know what to expect, and must arm
for any eventuality."
The "German press generally during
the last few days has expressed the
opinion that Great Britain will lose not
only the war, but also South Africa.
From an excellent authority the cor
respondent of the Associated Press
heais that Great Britain has instructed
her Minister at The Hague, Sir Henry-
Howard, to sign the peace convention
with the reservation of Article No. 10,
all the conference Powers having con
sented to such reservation.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press also learns In Government circles
that Germany does not believe thp re
port that Great Britain intends to take
decisive steps soon at Delagoa Bay. it
is admitted that Germany would be in
formed beforehand of any serious steps
intended, and the reports circulated are
considered to be ballons d'essay, issued
by the countries interested in prevent
ing Great Britain from getting Delagoa
THE CREW OF THE PELOTAS.
All Were Saved by the Dnngeness
LONDON, Dec. 30—The Hamburg
and South American liner Pelotas,
-from Santos for Hamburg, struck on
the sands on the east side of Dunge
ness, the southern extremity of Kent,
soon after midnight in the midst of a
terrific gale which raged all around
the coast. The storm was the worst
of the winter, and seas immediately
began breaking over the steamer. For
a time it appeared as though no one
on board of her could be saved.
The Dungeness coast guards, seeing
the Pelotas' signals of distress, made
desperate and for a time unsuccessful
efforts to launch the lifeboat in the
heavy surf beating the shore. Finally
the coast guardsmen succeeded fin
reaching the Pelotas. They remained
alongside the steamer all night, and
eventually put the rocket apparatus
in operation, saving the crew.
During the whole time the wind
blew with hurricane force, accompa.
nied by heavy rain and hail. There
were no passengers.
The Hamburg and South American
line, owners of the Pelotas, have no
connection whatever with the Ham
burg-American line sailing to New
Later in the day it became known
that the Pelotas was driven ashore ow
ing to the loss of her rudder.
WAGNER PALACE CAR CO.
Has Ceased to Exist as an Individ
NEW YORK, Dec. 30.—The Wagner
Palace Car Company to-day ceased to
exist as an individual organization.
The formal and official transfer of the
Wagner Company tinder the terms of
its merger agreement with the Pullman
Company was effected this afternoon at
the offices of the Wagner Company in
this city, $20,000,000 of the stock of
the Wagner Company being transferred
to the Pullman interests, and an equal
1 amount of Pullman stock being trans
ferred to the Wagner interests on even
terms. The offices of the combined in
terests at New York City will be those
heretofore occupied by the Wagner
Company, and officers of the Wagner
Company will for the present, and pos
sibly permanently, maintain their rela
tive positions. Webb becomes a mem
ber of the Board of Directors of the
CHICAGO. Dec. 30.—Judge Tuthill of
the Superior Court to-day refused to
Issue the injunction prayed for by Tru
man A. Taylor, a stockholder in the
Pullman Palace Company, to prevent
the merging of that company and the
Wagner Palaoe Car Company under the
name of the Pullman Company. It was
claimed in the bill of complaint that
through the consolidation of the com
panies, a monopoly of the sleeping car
business would be secured In violation
of the anti-trust Act.
Judge Tuthill held that the sleeping
car business was in the control of the
railroad companies, and combination
between them would have to be shown
before any monopely of the business
could be declared.
"The sleeping car companies," said
Judge Tuthill, "are but the agents of
the railroads, acting under contracts,
as do the other employes of the rail
The transfer of the stock of the Pull
man Company for the purchase of the
Wagner Company can be consummated
With no fear of judicial interference.
[The decision of the court sustained the
contentions advanced by the counsel for
the Pullman Company.
LI HUNG CHANG.
Appointed Acting Viceroy of Two
Provinces in China,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The Chi
nese Minister, Wu Hung Chang, has
received a dispatch from China stating
that Li Hung Chang has been appointed
Acting Viceroy of two provinces in the
south of China adjacent to Canton.
The Minister says this is a marked
distinction to the venerable Chinese
statesman, as the provinces are among
the most populous and commercially
important in the empire.
Mr. Wu's dispatch clears up a mis
apprehension created by a recent un
official dispatch stating that Earl Li
would be made "Viceroy of one prov
ince, that of Canton, and that this
would be followed by a degradation. On
the contrary, . the Minister's advices
show that the double Viceroyalty is
an unusual proceeding, said to be an
alagous to that of Viceroyalty of In
The appearance of Li Hung Chang
at the head of affairs in Southern
China, it is believed, will have an im
portant influence in that quarter, where
the French "sphere of influence" is sup
posed to be located.
WEST INDIA FAMINE.
Will Be Far More Distressing Than
That Two Tears Ago.
BOSTON, Dec. 30.—The American
Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions has received from Rev. R. A.
Hume, D. D., at Ahmednagar, India, a
letter dated December 2d, in which he
says that the present famine in West
ern India is sure to be far more dis
tressing than even the awful famine
of two years ago, as a severe drouth
already has begun In the Ahmednagar
district, and no rain can be expected
until the middle of June.
The writer says that Ahmednagar has
suffered also from the plague, and is
not free from it. Sholapus is now in a
severe epidemic, and Bombay is perhaps
in the beginning of another plague ex
In view of it all, says the corres
pondent, the Government, as always,
is acting most nobly, but official relief
never can meet the multitude of neces
Value of Silver Decreases.
' WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The quar
terly statement of the values of for
eign coins issued" by the Director of tne
Mint shows that during the last three
months the value of silver hap de
creased .188 cents per ounce, and the
value of foreign silver coins has de
creased accordingly. These figures will
be followed in estimating the value of
all fdfeign merchandise exported to the
United States on and after January 1,
Four Men Killed.
LANCASTER (Pa.), Dec 30. — Four
men were killed and several others in
jured by a boiler explosion one mile
west of Elizabethtown this morning.
They were employes of Kellar & Kros
ser, railroad contractors. The dead:
Donald Haldemann, Witt Sherbairn,
Harris (colored), and an Italian known
as Toney, who was hurled 150 feet.
Death of a Newspaper Man.
SAN FRANCISCf*.Dec. 30. —H. John
son, a newspaper man connected with
the "Chronicle," was found dead in the
bath tub at his home to-day. It is sup
posed that he was attacked with heart
failure after, getting out of his bath,
and fell back into the water and was
drowned. It had been'the dead man's
custom to take a bath each night on
returning from his work, and before"
going to bed. He must have been pre
paring to leave the bath room when he
was attacked, because he had his moc
casins on, and the towels showed that
they had been used . Deceased was
about 24 years of age, and was a na
tive of Walnut Creek, where his par
A Jockey Suspended.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec 30.—Jockey
Burns, the well known rider, has been
suspended for an indefinite period. The
Board of Stewards of the California
Jockey Club assigns the reason for their
action Burns' failure to make the
weight to ride Sly in the last race to
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30.-Judge
Lawlor to-day sentenced Elias Muscat
to life imprisonment at Folsom prison
for murder of Sebastiana de Sanchez,
a Spanish woman with whom he was
living, July last.
The "Help" That Helps
During some six weeks spent, a few
years ago, in the most crowded ward
in the world, among thousands of peo
ple who lived in the narrowest quar
ter and upon the most scanty wage, I
gave six hours every day to receiving
anybody and everybody who came to
me. During that time I had visits
from dilapidated gentlemen from Al
bany and Jersey City and Philadelphia
and the like, who supposed that I was a
credulous fool whose money and him
self would be soon parted, and who
gave me what they considered many
excellent reasons for presenting them
with $5 apiece. But. during that whole
period, not one of the many thousands
who lived in the crowded tenements all
around me, and to hundreds of whom
I preached three times a week, asked
me for a penny. Not one! They came
to me by day and by night, men and
women, boys and girls, for counsel,
courage, sympathy, admonition, re-
proof, guidance, and such light as I
could give them —but never, one of
them, for money. They are my friends
to-day, and they know thatT am theirs;
and, little as that last- may mean to
the weakest and the worst of them, I
believe that, In the case of any man or
woman who tries to understand and
hearten his fellow. It counts for a thou
sandfold more than, does doles, or
bread, or institutional relief. —Bishob
Potter in Popular Science Monthly.
Fungi In mine* yield light
*THE BECOBP-TOION. SAOBAMEKTO. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1899«
NEW REGIME AT
Mayor Phelan Makes Public His
I . List of Appointments
To Servo on the Commissions and Boards
Colonel George H. Mendell Select
ed as President of the Board of
Public Works, With. Jeremiah
Mahoney and Marsden Mausoa
as Associate Members.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30. — Mayor
Phelan to-night announced the follow
ing appointments to the commissions
and boards under the new charter:
Board of Public Works —Colonel
George H. Mendell, President, term
three years; Jeremiah Mahoney, term
two years; Marsden Manson, term one
Civil Service Commission — John E.
Quinn, Jr., Richard Freud, P. H. Mc-
Beard of Education—James Deiunan,
John B. Casserly, C. W. Mark, Mary
Police Commission—William Thomas,
J. Bigby, George A. Newhall, Dr, W. F.
Fire Commission—Rolla V. Watt, Da
vid L Mahoney, M. H. Hecht, John H.
Election Commission —A. W. Voor
sanger, Sheldon G. Kellogg, Jeremiah
Deasy, M. Greenblatt, Oliver Everett.
Park Commission —Frederick W.
Zeile, Jasper McDonald, A. B. Spreckels,
John A. Stanton, Reuben H. Lloyd.
Board of Health—Dr. Louis Bazet,
Dr. R. W. Baum. Dr. W. E. Hopkins,
Dr. J. M. Williamson, Dr. William D.
THE TREATY WITH FRANCE.
The New Convention Causes a Stir
Among California Exporters.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec 30.—Official
copies of the reciprocity treaties nego
tiated by Kasson and representatives of
: France and Great Britain have been
j received in this city. The fact is de
> veloped that this State, if it has any
, share in reciprocity, has so small a one
that It is not visible. On the other
hand, it is developed by the official text
that the grossest discrimination has
been practiced against those products
which California has been shipping
abroad, and working to make a market
for during a period of years. Some of
the exporters of California dried and
canned fruits are very angry, and they
will prepare a communication that will
be addressed to the California delega
tion at Washington.
The list of articles upon which France
will reduce her duties If the treaty is
adopted is as follows: Horses, butter,
lucerne and clover seed, fodder, cast
iron, skins and hides prepared, boots
and shoes and parts of the same, bolts
and cords and other leather manufac
tured for machinery, dynamos, machine
tools, dynamo conductors and parts,
arc lamps, known as regulars, sugar,
chicory roots (green or dried), eggs,
cheese, honey, porcelain, cardboard
(rough in sheets). Prunes or dried fruits
are not mentioned.
Among the articles the United States
will let In at lower duties are the fol
lowing articles in which California is
especially concerned: Nuts, prunes,
olive oil, plants and seeds. .
Cloudy and Threatening Over
Country West of Rockies.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30.—The fol
lowing are the seasonal rainfalls to
! date as compared with those of same
! date last season and rainfalls in last
| twenty-four hours:
Last This Last
Stations. 24 hours. Season. Season.
Eureka O.BG 20.53 10.38
Red Bluff 1.04 10.80 3.83
.Sacramento 0.86 9.85 3.91
I San Francisco 0.00 10.30 3.99
Fresno 012 4.55 I4K
independence 0.10 1.76 0.61
San Luis Obispo . .0.9S 10.34 1.31
Los Angeles 0.02 3.49 -USD
San Diego 0.02 1.94 LOS
Yuma 0.00 0.58 1.32
San Francisco data: Maximum tem
perature 56, minimum 44, mean 50.
The weather is cloudy and threaten
-1 ing over the country west of the Rocky
: Mountains, and rain or snow has fallen
lin all districts. The rain was heaviest
iin the Sacramento Valley, where it av
erages over an inch. A thunderstorm
is reported at Eureka.
The pressure has risen rapidly west
of the Rocky Mountains, but the w'nd
rematns southerly, and conditions are
favorable* for showers to-night, and In
the northern portion Sunday.
The temperature has risen generally
over the Pacific Slope.
The Man Thought to he Dead
Proves His Identity.
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 30—Aaron
Wolfsohn arrived here from the East
this evening and was identified by S.
A. D. Jones, local agent of the New
York Life Insurance Company, as the
man he had insured for $10,000, not
withstanding his previous positive
i declaration that the man who commit
; ted suicide In a lodging-house In this
' city several weeks ago was Wolfsohn,
and whose heirs were entitled to the.
' amount of the policy which was paid
: over to the Public Administrator of
! this county.
| The man who arrived from the East
to-night to help unravel the mystery
was recognized as Aaron Wolfsohn
not only by Jones, but by hotel clerks
and others who had reason to remem
ber him, and the admission of Jones
that he was .mistaken when he identi
fied the suicide as the policy holder has
thickened a mystery which the police
authorities will endeavor to solve. The
identity of the dead man will be a sub
ject of investigation, and the cause of
his death will be more closely looked
The Buchanan Case.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30. — The
Hugh Buchanan case was revived to
day by the petition of the District At
torney of Napa County to the Supreme
Court for a writ of habeas corpus for
the release of Buchanan from the Napa
State Hospital. A hearing on "the ap
plication will be held on January 4th.
Eight years ago Hugh Buchanan killed
a man at Marysville, and while the
matter was pending ne was adjudged
insane and committed to the Napa
State Hospital. Recently h|s friends
have attempted to have him released,
but the Superintendent, Dr. A. M.
Gardner, says that the man Is still In
The Raisin, Industry.
FRESNO, Dec. 30.—The proposed plan
of a combine in which raisin growers
and packers shall be equally repre
sented has been laid before a meet
ing of Fresno and Kings County pack
ers, and after a decision in a favorable
spirit Messrs. George B. Noble, Thomas
H. Lynch, Charles King, W. H. Grif
fin and C. G. Bonner were appointed
a committee to confer on the subject
with the Raisin Growers' Association
Directors next Monday. The project
Involves the purchase of all existing
plants at a fair valuation and concert
ed action by all packers.
Want an Extra Session..
FRESNO, Dec. 30.—George Frost,
President of the Riverside Water Com
pany, who has been here for several
days, has gone to Porterville, Tulare
County. His mission is to interview
fruit men and others for signtaures to
a petition to Governor Gage for a
special session of the Legislature as a
step toward putting a orimp in the Ja
The Lawton Fund.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30.—The
total contributions to the Lawton fund
to-night on the Pacific Coast amount
to $6,366.50. Of this amount, $5,867.50
was contributed by this city and $498
by Portland, Or. Among to-day's con
tributors was Mrs. John A. Logan, Jr.,
whose husband, Captain J. A. Logan,
was recently killed in the Philippines.
Santa Clara's Grand Jury.
SAN JOSE, Dec. 30.—The retiring
Grand Jury for the year reported to
day. Among the recommendations is
an urgent request upon the Supervisors
that they indorse the ordinance requir
ing all dairy cattle to be subjected to
the suberCulin test. There is also a de
mand that some steps be taken to stop
the useless complaints in Chinese cases,
which cost the county heavily.
Banker Cole En Route to Boston.
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 30.—Charles H.
Cole, the Boston banker, accused of em
bezzling $900,000 of the funds of the
Globe National Bank of that city, and
arrested here, started for Boston to
night in charge of United States Mar
shal Osborne. His wife and son accom
panied him. Cole was cheerful and
very willing to face the charges.
Two Overdue Vessels.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30.—Two of
the overdue fleej of ships reinsured at
an advance yesterday arrived in port
to-day. They are the British ship Ha
jore, from Liverpool, and Arschal de
Turenne. The vessels report rough
weather in the vicinity of Cape Horn.
Death of a Pioneeer.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 30.—General
Joseph G. Wall, a pioneer and promi
nent citizen, died at his home at Ala
meda to-day of pneumonia. The death
was sudden and unexpected. General
Wall was a native of Ireland, but canje
to this country when quite young. Gen
eneral Wall was 70 years of age.
A Chinaman Suicides.
STOCKTON, Dec. 30.—Ah Gun, an
eccentric Chinaman, hung himself in
EVENTS ON THE TURF.
RESULTS OF COAST AND EAST
San Mateo, High Ho, Imperious, Dr.
Bernays, Sybaris and Afamada
Winners at Oakland.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec.
Rowell wound up the year of 1899 in
brilliant style by capturing three races
in rapid succession, and he would have
made it four straight if Satsuma had
not been left a* dozen lengths in the
last race. Jockey Eddie Jones was also
very much in evidence. Weather at
Oakland cloudy and track sloppy. Re
Five furlongs, selling, San Mateo (I*
Turner), 7 to 1, won; Silvertone (Jen
kins), 2 to 1, second; Etta H. (Burns),
9 to 2, third. Time—l:o2. Monrovia,
Saul of Tarsus, Miss Soak, Yaruba,
Mike Rice and Gusto also ran.
Six furlongs, selling, High Ho (Vlt
titoe), 5 to 1, won; Pat Morrissey
(Thorpe), 1 to 3, second; Rosalbra (E.
Jones), 15 to 1, third. Time—l:ls%.
Yule, Florinel 11., Choteau, Sylvan
Lasa and Expedient also ran.
Mile and a sixteenth, selling, Impe
rious (E.. Jones), even, won; Einstein
(Bassinges), 15 to 1, second; Lost Girl
(T. Walsh), 12 to 1, third. Time—
1:49%. Dr. Marks, Grand Sachem,
Judge Wo/ford and Don Luia also ran.
Scotch Plaid left at the post.
Free handicap, mile and a qua»ter,
Dr. Bernays (E. Jones), 2 to 1, won;
Meadowthorpe (T. Burns), 3 to 1, sec
ond; Lothian (Spencer), 10 to 1, third.
Time—2:lo%. Stuttgart and Faunette
Seven furlongs, Sybaris (E. Jones),
18 to 5, won; Dr. Sheppard (Thorpe),
2 to 1, second; Dr. Nembula (Jenkins),
7 to 2, third. Time—l:2B%. Princess
Zeika and Erwln also ran.
Six furlongs, Afamada (Jenkins), 11
to 10, won; Plan (T. Walsh), 12 to 5,
second; February (Vittitoe), 6 to 1,
third. Tims—l:ls%. Satsuma and
Sister Alice also ran.
AT NEW ORLEANS.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 30.—The
stewards to-day reached a conclusion
in their investigation of the running
of the jumper Fred Perkins, and as a
result Jockey J. Pierce, who rode him,
was ruled off the turf. In the St. Lo
renzo case, also under investigation,
the stewards decided to refuse the en
try of the horse St. Lorenzo In future,
and restored A. H. Jones, the owner,
and A. Mclntyre, the jockey, to all
privileges. Weather cool and track fast.
Mile and a sixteenth, selling, School
Girl won, Nailer second, Musket third.
Five and a half furlongs, Trladitza
won, Tom Gilmore second, Gold dOr
Six furlongs, J. E. Kline won, Brown
Vail second, Tobe Payne third. Time—
Seven and a half furlongs, imp. Mint
Sauce won, Andes second, Molo third.
Mile and a sixteenth, selling, Tuba
Dam won, Klondike Queen second, Joe
Doughty third, Time—l:so,
Attorney General Griggs Returns to
Tie Transcript of Evidence ii the Com
plaint Filed by Shippers.
Declines to Direct Injunction Pro
ceedings Against the Railroads
on the Ground That the Evi
dence Shows No Violation of
the Anti-Trust Law or Conspir
acy in the Restraint of Trade or
Commerce Among the Several
WASHINGTON, Dec. 80.—Attorney
General Griggs to-day returned to the
Interstate Commerce Commission the
transcript o£ the evidence taken at a
hearing before the commission last
week in the matter of the new freight
classification, with a view to action by
the Attorney General under the anti
trust law, if his judgment should war
rant the same.
In hia letter to the commission, re
ferring to the demand of the shippers
that legal action against the railroads
be taken, the Attorney General says:
"A railroad company may raise its
rates to an unreasonable point; it may
discriminate among its shippers; it may
charge more for a short than a long
haul, but none of these acts, however
unjust and wrongful, amounts to a vio
lation of the anti-trust law. To au
thorize the Attorney General to direct
an Injunction proceeding under this
law, it must be shown that there is a
contract, combination * -* * or
conspiracy in restraint of trade or com
merce among the several States."
In the first place, there is no cop
tract, combination or conspiracy shown.
There is consultation by representative
railroad men In committee respecting
suggested changes in classification.
There is subsequent independent action
by railroad companies In the adoption
of the new classification recommended
by the committee. The testimony
taken does not show that any railroad
acted under compulsion of a combina
tion in adopting the official classifica
tion. It must be conceded that a com
mon classification by railroad compan
ies operating in the same territory Is a
desirable thing. Will it be insisted
that railroads cannot consult respect
ing freight classification? Or because
one railroad company adopts a certain
classification, another cannot? The
anti-trust law says there must be a
contract, or oonibinaMon, or conspiracy.
This must be shown. And it must be
shown to restrain individual action.
This is not shown in the testimony Sub
"Moreover, there must not only be
a contract, combination or conspiracy,
but it must be in of inter
state commerce. As applied to bar
riers, this means a combination to sup
press competition. It is only by sup
pressing competition and arbitrarily
fixing the rates that a restraint can be
put upon Interstate commerce. The
filing of an official classification does
not fix the rates. It places articles in
certain classes, but the rates for the
classes are determined by the railroad
companies outside the classification.
If a -railroad company maintains the
existing rates, the change of an arti
cle from a lower to a higher class will
increase the rate, but from aught that
appears in this testimony, every rail
road company using the classification is
at liberty at any time to change the
existing rates, upon giving the notice
required by the Interstate Commerce
Act. Moreover, each railroad company
is free to take any article out of the
existing classification by making a com
modity rate. In other words, no sup
pression of competition, no arbitrary
fixing of rates, no restraint of interstate
commerce is shown. %
"The Trans-Missouri and Joint Traffic
Association cases afford no precedent
for tile action required in this case,
pach of these associations was formed
by a contract, under whjch the com
panies selected a oentral authority to
fix and maintain rates. There was
an absolute suppression of competition.
The power of independent action was
destroyed. No company could change a
rate fixed by the managers of the as
sociation without subjecting itself! to a
"If the testimony submitted showed a
combination among the railroad com
panies to restrain commerce among the
several States, it would not hesitate
to invoke the remady provided by the
anti-trust law, but to take such action
upon the faith of the facts submitted
would not only be futile, but absurd.
If there be a remedy for the complaining
Shippers, it lies in an appeal to yovir
commission under the Interstate Com
HAD A JOLLY TIME.
First Annual Smoker of the Com-
The first annual smoker of Sacra
mento Council, No. 140, United Com
mercial Travelers of America, was held
at Elks' Hall, Ninth and J streets, last
night, and though an, impromptu affair,
it proved to be one of the most enjoy
able and thoroughly jolly given in this
city for many a long day.
Christmas time is the only season of
the year which finds the travelers all
at home, and for that reason the first
annual union was held last night.
Senior Councellor James B. Treadwell
acted as master of and well
and truly did he play his part, assisted
as he was by the sixty of his brethren,
and applauded by the invited guests.
He, in opening the smoker, had some
thing to say, and he said it well, as fol
"Sacramento Council bids you all wel
come to this, their first informal
smoker, and I trust that all members
and guests will partake freely of the
good things that we have here, and
that each one present appoint himself a
committee of one to make his neighbor
"Last January Sacramento Council
was organized by about thirty travel
ers; to-day we have sixty names on cur
roll, and It is without egotism that
when I say that they are as fine a body
of men, mentally, morally and physical
ly, as any who represent any other
city, Sacramento ought to fca proud
at them and help foster the only
organization of its kind holding a
bhaster la this city.
"The year just passed has been a suc
cessful one, commercially; the travelers
and their firms are happy and sincere
ly hope that the high watermark has
not been reached.
"If push and determination count for
anything, yon may rest assured that
the boys of the road from Sacramento
will keep her flag In the front rank of
the progressive column.
*Tt Is indeed gratifying to know that
during the year we have not lost any
members, and barring a few bruises
which time and our acciden* policies
will heal, we are just as healthy and
joUy a lot as we were a year ago.
''Last September we appeared befpre
the public Drummers' iW at tfc«"*
State Fair was the feature, and from
opinions expressed by the press and
public our work on that day was high
ly satisfactory, and I take this occa
sion to officially thank those who aided
us, and particularly the press of the
city, who have always been our friends.
"In a gathering of this hind we cast
dull care to the winds; we gather to
have a happy time, so let happiness
reign supreme, and -when, you drink let
your toast be that we all may be spared
to meet again a year hence.
"As many as can will be called to do
a "turn," and accordingly to the full
measure of his ability and inclination,
let him add to the evenings enjoy
And then the evening began in earn
est, and, assisted by N sale's excellent
orchestra, no time was lest about it.
Song and story and good things to eat
and drink followed one another without
intermission. And excellent voices were
among the travelers —voices wihch, had
not their possessors preferred to cast
their lot with the knights of the sample
case, might have created a furore in
operatic or other circles.
Late in the evening, after songs,
speeches and stories had had full swing,
the Murray & Mack Quartet arrived
from the Clunie Opera-house, and it is
safe to say they never sang before a
more appreciate? ludience.
R. T. Cohn and other local talent also
added their mite to the jolliest, most
whole-souled, sparkling smoker given
in this city in many moons. The com
mercial travelers did themselves proud,
and they will be remembered by their
guests until the suns 'roll around and
the second annual smoker Is an
Sacramento Council, No. 140, Unit
ed Commercial Travelers of Amer
ica, was organized nearly a
year ago, with, a membership of
thirty.- To,day there are sixty-four
members on the roll. Its officers are:
Senior Councellor, James B. Treadwell;
Junior Counsellor, ..R. M. Richardson;
Past Councellor, W. V- Peterson; Sec
retary, H. C. Fisher; , Conductor, A.
Hampel; Page, C. M. Zeitler; Sentinel,
C. B. "Wilson.
Arrest of George Harris, a Habitue
of L Street.
Officers Max P. Fisher and Logue,
who are on the "down-town beat,"
which includes the L-street crib quar
ter, have been doing some shaking up
among the class of loafers who are
supported by women. Several of these
fellows have left town, the officers say,
and a few have actually gone to work.
Last night the officers arrested
George Harris, alias Brown, whom
they booked for vagrancy. He had
been warned to go to work, but sneer
ed at the warning. A woman named
Delia Fox, who occupies one of the L
street dens, where Harris has been
seen nightly, has made a half-way ad
mission that she and Harris are mar
If this Is found to be true a more
serious charge will be laid against
Red Men's Ball.
On Washington's Birthday the Im
proved Order of Red Men and Degree
of Pocahontas will give their annual
ball at Turner Hall.
Senator Pomeroy used to tell of a
! local preacher in Kansas who had
| forced himself upon the stump after
! Lincoln's nomination and who demand
ied recognition of the party for his ser
| vices during the campaign. He said
Ihe would like to be sent as Minister
Plenipotentiary to England or France,
and when told it was impossible in
' sisted on being appointed Consul at
Liverpool. Finding that the "powers
that be" considered that equally pre
posterous, he Was quite offended at
what he considered a lack of apprecia
tion of his services in a State that noth
ing could have turned against the Re
' publicans. Finally, Senator Pomeroy
said to him: 'i'm going to Washington
in about two weeks time. Think the
matter over, and if you should light on
something in reason, I'll aid you in get
ting it." In ten days he called on the
Senator again, his head still away up
In the clouds, and being assured of the
impossibility of getting what he
thought was about his due, said:
"Senator, can't you think of some
place that would suit me?"
"Yes," said Pomeroy, "I've thought
of a place that would suit you and that
, you would suit, and that there is a
possibility of getting for you. It'B an
"An Indian agency? What's thatT"
queried the preacher.
"Well, you are to look after the wel
fare of our red brothers, and see that
their supplies are properly and hon
estly delivered to them.."
"What is it worth?"
"One thousand five hundred dollars
and perquisites," returned the Senator.
"Well, you see, my friend, the Gov
ernment contracts for so many head of
beef cattle averaging about so many
hundred pounds. Now, In delivering
these cattle, they are to be counted
while being driven into the inclosure,
and if a yearling should happen to slip
in now and then, you are not to make
too much fuss about it, and there you
will find your perqusltes. Think it
"I'll take it)" said the reverend gen
tleman; "I've already thought it over,
and do you know. Senator, I think veal
Is a blamed sight better than beef for
Indians, anyway."—Utica Observer.
Filling a Long Felt Want.
Professor Charles G. D. Roberts, the
poet, reads the modem languages very
easily, but speaks them imperfectly. At
1 a reception held in New York just prior
to his leaving for Europe, Roberts was
introduced \o a distinguished French
artist, who was here on a visit. The
artist asked in his own tongue, "You
"No," answered the poet; "I am sorry
I do not, but I understand it well when
it Is spoken to me."
"I am so glad," replied the French
man; "you are the audience I have long
wanted. I can talk to you all I please
and you cannot talk back!"— Philade
▲ self •fertilising crop—laziness, j 1
How They Wsri Trotted When tha
War Brain Out.
Glmi Their Chelei ii Joining- the Boer
Army or Clitriigdluf,
Howard J. Rothschild, an Ameri
can. Cltilezn Employed oil a Pa*
per at Johannesburg, Who Has
Just Arrived at New York, Re
lates th* Experience of Himself
and Others in the South African
NEW YORK. Dec 30.—Howard J<
Rothschild, an American citizen, who
was employed on the "Standard and
Digger," a mining paper published in
Johannesburg, has just got back to New
York from the Transvaal.
Mr. Rothschild was at Pilgrim's Rest,
a little mining camp 180 miles northeast
of Johannesburg, when the Boers de
clared war, October 11th.
"There were 800 whites, mostly Amer
icans and Englishmen, in Pilgrim's
Rest," said Mr. Rothschild, "when the
war was declared. The gold mine there
Ib owned by the Ecksteins, who own
other mines to the Transvaal. Wi asked;
permission i.o stay, and the Boers at
first gave us permission to do so, on
the understanding that we would form
a home guard to protect the place from
the British or any one else. We ac
cepted these conditions, but next day
we were told by the Burghers that wa
had twenty-four hours either to enlist
in the Boer army or get out of the
place. Most of us decided to get out.
"There was $29,000 in gold, which
had been taken from the mine, and the
Burghers seized this, first giving B. F.
Thompson, a Scotchman, and Secretary
of the mining company, a receipt and a
note promising that the Transvaal Gov
ernment would repay the money upon
the conclusion of the war. Of course, if
the Transvaal la beaten by England
no return will be made. This same
proceeding took place at all the minus
not shut up In the besieged towns.
Mr. Thompson and I went to tha
stables to get horses to ride out to in
spect a mine some miles in the country,
when we were approached by an Amer
ican named Blake, uniformed as a Sec
ond Lieutenant in the Boer army.
Blake, who had recruited 200 Ameri
cans for the Boer army, showed us a'
proclamation which had just been is
sued by tne Transvaal Government,
confiscating all horses, fodder, gold and
stores to carry on war against Eng
land, and promising to pay for them
on the conclusion of the war.
"Thompson and I returned to his
house, and there we found that thf?
Boer commander had taken possession
of his residence, worth $30,000. In it
was the finest collection of gold nug
gets in South Africa, worth at least
$50,000. Mr. Thompson also had $45,
--000 in gold of his own, all of which
went to the Transvaal. Thousands of
Englishmen were treated In the same
"When the Boers took possession of
the gold mine at Pilgrim's Rest they
turned out all the Kaffir laborers, broke
the pumping machinery and flooded the
mine. They also flooded the Bonanza
and the Robinson deep mines near
Johannesburg, two of the richest gold
mines in South Africa,
"The Boers furnished us with horses
and an armed escort for the long ride
to Johannesburg. No man in the party
was allowed to take away with him
more than $50.
"Being unable to prove that I was an
American citizen. I was treated the
same as the British subjects.
"The Government has taken all tha
most fertile lands for the raising of
crops for the Boer army. The Boer
women, the young boys and the old
men have left their own farms, and are
working the Government farms, aided
by Kaffirs. In thh- way they can keep
their army well provisioned. At all of
these Government farms we saw the
Boer women plowing and doing the
hardest kind of manual labor."
Cannon Was Discharged.
The other day Judge Arnold laughed
heartily at a little episode which oc
curred in his court, says the Philadel
phia "Record," and which was relish
ed by all who heard It. Representative
John Fow was attorney for several peo
pre who had been charged with some
trifling violation of the law. The de
fendant was a man named Cannon, and
as the ttiaiter was settled before the
trial began Cannon did not think hla
presence necessary, and, therefore, left.
A3 there were several others jointly ac
cused Mr. Fow asked the court to dls*
charge them. "Well," said Judge Ax»
nold briskly, "Where's Cannc.tr "Ch,
replied the Seventeenth Ward states
man, witli a twinkle in his eye, "ho
Just went off, and I'm trying to dis
charge the rest of them, although ho
■was tha Na gun of the party." Judge
Aunold .aughed heartily at the joke,
and entered dntd the spirt of It "Well,
Mr. Fow," he responded, "where there's
so much smoke I think there must
have be->n some firing, but as Cannon
has gone off FBI disoharge the rest of
them for you."
Taken at His Word.
Evan P. Howell tells the New York
"Telegraph" a rather good story about
a Southerner who brought suit some
years ago against the South Carolina
Railroad for damages to his property.
He lost the case In the Superior Court,
but insisted upon carrying it to the
Supreme Court, where he represented
his own cause. He began his argu
ment by saying whimsically:
"May It please the court, there is an
old French adage which says, 'A man
who is his own lawyer hath a fool for
a client.* "
The next week the Supreme Court
pronounced its decision, which was ad
verse to the Southerner. He was in
Augusta at the time, but received the
announcement of his second und .final
disappointment by means of a tele
gram sent him by a prominent Judge,
who was an intimate friend of his. The
telegram read as follows:
"Judgment for defendant in error.
French adage affirmed by Supreme
The German Postofflce at Kalo Chau.
China, forwarded 236,288 letters, papers
and packages during the first year of its