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ST. TAMMANY FARMERU
(jtuci rn J'ral of N. 1nu'>. )4 rid.
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Saturday, Novemaber 16. 187?
In assuming the editorial manage
ment of the FASEar, we extend a
.cordial greeting to our many friends.
and also to those of our readers
with whom we have not the pleasa
ure d a personal acquaintance.
The treirement f Messra. Mjrgan
ad Seab winll e t
Seol'-se df the er,
our objects ing in many respects
identical. is a well established
fact thalt properly condue'- el news- I
paper is of inestimable value to any I
comnanity. tnder the manage
ment of Mr. Seabrook the Fanuxr
has already equ ired a very fair cir
culation, aid we shall endeavor, if
possible, to increase the attractive
ness q its columns to such an ex
tent that it may soon become a we!
come visitor in every household
throughout the parish. Fully real
izing the importance of our posi
tion, and the responsibilities neces
sarily devolving upon us, we shall
study to give a plain ~aqd truthful
record of events as they occur, azid
* earefully aipid anything objection
able in our selections The FaEWr
w4 oontain each week. a summary
Hf the latest domestie and foreiln
news to be obtained with our pres- I
mps, facilities. Recogizing the
ems of ofur readers residing in1
Sthe country, we wish to make a use
ful feature of t.It portion of our
'columns devoted to agiculture; and
for the furtherance of this object,
we solicit short. communications s
from those having any userul in
foxpation to give on this subnject.
. Arpiong that our efforts may meet
ith that fll and substantial en- t
i W iuumgeusr t which we shall laborf
faitu deserve, and that the
Fan ®May. prove a success is
ý ,spet. we eremain,
:; 2W. G. KEzr.. t
Sugar-Making in St. Tammany
We paid a vihitJ t week to the
~home of our eateqprising young
frieud Mr. Miiton11urns, which we
r-eached after a delightful ride of
about nine miles. We 4oand him
and his assistants as "busy as'bees,"
for the grinn ng eason has ar
riv'd1 and thesugar mill waarin full
operation. He found time, how
ever, to extend us a hearty .velcome,
and sihow us all the courtesies due
Ito an "eminent visitor." Upon our
expressing a desire to be initiated
into the mysteries o: the manufac
ture of "short sweetness," he took
as in charge and we inspected tie'
entire establishment. Passing up a
short flight of stairs, through clouds
of vapor from the boiling kettles be
low, we entered the grinding room,
I and witnessed the process of mash
ing the cane. Here the juice enters
a small receiver which conducts it
down to a large tank on the ground
floor, near the kettles. The juice
from the cane raised by Mr. Burns
is very fine, the saccharometer in
dicating 11 degrees. He com
menced grinding about a weed be
fore our visit, and up to that time
had made six hogsheads of sugar.
Mr. Burns is of the opinion ;iat
it wiii pay,mueh better to make
suga~ than molasses in St. Tam
majy parish. He has been assured
by a gentleman of forty years' ex
Ierience i# sugar making, that it
yields'more and granulates better
here than in the coast parishes.
The process is simple and can
easily be acquired by persons de
siring to embark, in the under
taking. Mr. Burns first runs the
juice into a tank of 140 gallons
capacity; from this tank he fills a
smaller bne holding 82 gallons,
where he treats it to pure sugar
lime as he puts it in the first kettle
for boiling. The lime is not rut in
the small tank, but dissolved in a
bucket of warm juice and slowly
poured into the kettle while the
juice is running in from the tank.
After passing through the third
boiling kettle it is run off into large
cypress coolers, where it remains
until it is thoroughly granulated.
This takes from twelve to twenty
four hours, according to the state
of the weather, clear and cold
weather being the most favorable.
After granulation the sugar is put
into perforated barrels and placed
on a slanting platform to drip, a
trough at the lower edge catching
the syrup drippings and conveying
them into a small tank or molasses
barrel. After being sufficiently
dried the sugar is ready to be put
into hogsheads for shipment. The
greatest difficulty in the mnaking of
sugar is to know when it has been
sufficiently boiled,, and Mr. Burns
assures us that any one, with a little
practice, can soon acquire that
After remainidk as long as our
time would permit, we reeg
fully satisfied with oar visit, and
thorougldy convinced that if, St.
Tammany dn had its full quota of
such energetic, young farmers as
Mr. Burns. our parish would soon
be ,in a more .prosperous condi
-U-------- - - -·
_The FatE of the AInendtsaents.1
The psoposed amendments to the
present constitution of our State
seem to have metwithi general dis
appproval. BZth the Democratic
and Republican parties voted solid I
agriist them in this perish, shawing i
that io matter how the, people of
St!.Tammany may have differed
e .,; they were .nanimously
in favq,* a'%er contuntioi. In
some portions of the State, how
ever, a different opinion prevailed.
In Tangipahoa and Lafourehh par
ishes, for instance, both parties
voted for the amendments, while in I
other parishes the vote was divided,
some of the amendments being
favored and others rejected. In
New Orleans the seventh amend
ment, reducing the Lieutenant-Gov
ernor's salary, was carried. The i
estimated average majority against ,
the amendments is 5813, and their i
oertaih defeat by "a large majority I
is fully assured, so that we will I
merely have to await the assembling
of the next Legislature to receive
the announcement as to when we
are to have a Constitutional Con
- -- . -I,--1,, ...-
S A Desolated IHome.
Lt In a letter to. the New. Orleans
e Christian Advocate, Rev. Charles B.
- Galloway says: "I have sad intel
d ligence to communicate to the
'. friendaef Rev. F. Mi. Featherstnn,
t Presiding Elder of the Jackson Dis
r t i.t, Missa;sippi Conference. At
Ie home in Warren county, some
u eighteen miles from Vicksburg, he
- has seen almost his entire family
- in a few days perish with the yellow
e fever. Of an interestihg household
I of ten, only two remain-himself
i and a widowed daughter. He has
been a true Christian hero, and
r bears his great sorrows with a Chris
aian's faith and resignation."
IRev. F. M. Featherstun is the
i father of the popular young minis
ter, Rev. Louis A. Featherstun, who
filled his first appointment in the
Covington district some four years
I ago. He is now stationed at
Waynesboro, Miss. The strict quar
antine established there, excluding
even the mails, prevented him from
corresponding with his home, and
the last letter which he received
from them announced that they
were all well. The first intimat.ion
he received of his misfortune was
through the columns of a Vicksbuih
paper. There are doubtless many
persons in our parish who join us
in extending sympathy to him in his
'iThe San Frandisco "Mornhing
Call svys of the wheat crop in that
State, that it is enormous. Allow
ing ten million bushels for seed and
home consumption, the table shows
t surplus of nearly 1,000,000 tons.
This may be in excess of the ulti
mate yield, but a careful analysis of
the statement warrants the expecta
tion of at least 750,000 tons surplus,
even should the yield in the worst
counties fall to bottom estimates.
aWThe Boyd Health.of Gal
veston will no! raise the quarantine
until the 19th inst.
. The miserable, rmuddy, rain,
bogy, weather of yesterday. morn
ing'as enough to make an ox wear.
Persons should always dress to
suit their figure. A hump-basked
I lady,, for instance, should wear a
camel's hair shawl.-.Ez.
And a club-footed man shcmld
wear wooden ;lsJoes.
The elevated railway in New
York have-a sed ouome othe street
c* conmpanies to Yeduc sir fare:
to three centa.--N. O. Democrat.
This is the first wa.'.i iedol
.where passengers have received any
benefit by the train's going up.
The "constant readers"' of a cer
tain New Orleans daily are always
behind the Times.
Covington has never experienced
the shock created by the~disappehW
ance of a defaulting bank president,
and yet we have two banks here,
both doing a good 'business in
[their quiet way-one on each side
of the river.
With twinkling stars the Heaven glows,
Baby mine ! Baby mine !
And the busy world is in repose,
Baby mine! Baby mine !
All is quiet, all is well.
Then why disturb the magic spell
With thy screeching, horrid yell?
Baby mine ! Baby mine !
It is doubtless true 4hat all peo
ple have tleir peculiarities. A cer
tain young man of our acquaintance,
for instance, parts his hair in the
middle and affects eye-glasses. In
fact, his spectacles hbg his pug of a
mug assnug as a bug in a rug.
Can fish talk? Seals skin!-Free
And oyster stew!
We clip the following from the
religious column of The New York
The latest sentimental agoiy in'
song is a tender ballad, beginning
"Who will come above me, sighing,
When the grpss grows over me?"
We can't say positively who, .bgt
if the cemetery fence is in the usual
repair, it will probably be the cow.
"This country," remarked a Wlv
efer in Nofthwesterl Iowa, "eettles
up very rapidly." " -a-s,"
the native, nervously wath b e
movements of as nstable g
along the other side of the field,
it "settles up a darned sight haster
than the people do." And before the
traveler could ask him to explain,
he was makingr-a mile a *apinute
acrose the trackless +prairie, with
constable a bad second.
Rich parvenu, who knows little
of painting, to an artist-"'How shall
I hang this picture?" Artia'-"I
wouldn't hang it if I were you, but
commute its sentence to solitary
imprisonment for life."
The retnaes from tlt4fiv. par
ishes, casting three-fourths of the
vote of the 8tate, give the following
vote on the capital question: Bat ,n
Rouge 25,756, New Orleans 26,385.
Majority for New Orleans; 629.
According.to Covington bar-ome
ters, the due on therye this weather
is 10ec. At least so we have been in
The large wii .ofL~ Radical
party who reside pesmnshtly in
Washington held a granidconclare
aon Wedneaday at West's house.
occasion being to give Albert Leon
Shis .istruntionately e _tth
bloody shirt campaign which he has
promisAtqrge General DeveuM
.Ito iga rtarss o he
Sport to tie .r tar.. _lmost the
entire potlsdeto di
offffice work. In regar tQth -
vestigations of franud, ite'~s
during the last fiscalyear 70p case .
have been before this division for
examination and investigation, 4367
of which have been partialy in esti~ .
gated, and 316 finally disposed ,
leaving. 6319 now on hand for fur
A letter from Secretary Eihbturz,
transmittig·a iequest to t he. ttor
ney.General that he commence suit
against the Central Paciie Railwiay
Co recover forfeitures due
from piap y on aOeo nt..-A
failure to furnish to.tbe Anuditor of
Railroad Acoounta the' reoits 're
quired byact.af Congress, wap .or- t;
warded on Wednesday to the At
torney General from the Interior
The United States Board of Trade
met in convention in New York o
the 18th insat. ThQ busines sf the
convention was opened by C. H.
Williams. A resolution was adopt- d
ed to the effect that the restoratioui
of the National ~ph*rpVi , a.pW is
deemed, ol pressing importrcq.tao t
the commercialiuterests of the coun
try, and that Congress be and is
hereby requested to take .actiop 'iu..
that direction by the early passage
of an act repealing the bankrupt 'ztw
as it existed prior to September 1,1
1878; and that Congress is furthur
requested to take action to secure a
wise aimndment of the law whoen-'
restored: ' : at }
vile DieSt telegrapl Comzis-1
sioner Raam t on the nighL oft U
ninth instant his special deputies in .!
Jackson ocunty seized and destroyed
five illicit distilleries, containing;
*our eopper stills, with the upuat
quantities of tube, beer singlingsi
malt, meal, corn and somdE -hskeey!
Seven illicit distillers were s.resad
and bound mter.
Alelegta. dated New York; Nw .
11. states tiat "the eensat6laV
rumors circulated by the poiice ttii
morning to the effect that the where
abouts of the rensaine of the late
A. T. Stewart had been discovered
by the police, and that the body
was being watched'by detectives in
the h.pe of securing, the goulish
robber, lack confirmation. That
ensuch epbrts are to-day abroad theta
issio doubt, but bo~Tl JudgarHiltoi
-abSuaperintendeint Walling deny
all knowledge of the alleged discov
ery. There are, however, quite a
number of officials around the police
headquartEur vbq, notw$bstanding
these contradictqry rnors, still
believe that the whereabouts of the
body is definitely known, and that
it will be taken possesso o3 efoTe