Newspaper Page Text
0. &armmrnzg farmer.
" The leesngse of Covernment, Like the Dew from Heaven, Should Descend Alike Upon the Rich and the Poor."
W. G. KENTZEL, Editor. COVINGTON, ST. TAMMANY PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, MARCH 29, 1890. VOL XV.NO. 13.
i mm i mnn, n mm•m mn a l • i l I en ! l • N N II NNl iilnU iron • n n • i miulU u • n m n mn ln a- • nu I n n lm m a ipm ini
rm growiag old, they tell me;
They say rm getting gray
Ans that my face baa not the grame
It had once on a day.
And in my gait I show It
That I am growing old
Hurrah! I wouldn't know it
If I was never told.
I'm growing old, they're saying
Harrah! They do not know,
A cheerful mind is not the kind
To any older grow,
The world's as bright as ever,
I'm happier each day,
And I'll feel young forever,
No matter what they say.
Hurrah, for growiag older,
And better all the while,
No look ahead to when rm dead
Will take away my smile
That bravely will be showing
And lighting up my face-
They think I'm older growiag,
Hurrah! It's not the case.
--l. C. Dodge, in Detroit Free Press.
cN)NCERNLNG TIE D608E.
The Somewhat nxalted Positioa It
Holds in History,
It Was a Geere That Onee Saved iem-
The English Gese Induatry a
Thing of the IPast-Seme
The goose figures largely in the his
wory, the legends, and the proverbial
lore of our own and other lands. In
ancient Egypt it was an object of adora
tion in the temple and an article of diet
on the table. The Egyptians mainly
took beef and goose flesh as their animal
food, and it has been suggested that
they expected to obtain physical power
from the beefand mental vigor from the
goose. To support this theory, it has
been shown that other nations have
eaten the flesh of wolves and drunk the
blood of lions, hoping thereby to become
fierce and courageous. Some other na
tions have refused to partake of the hare
and the deer on account of the timidity
of these animals, fearing lest by eating
their flesh they should also partake of
their characteristic fearfulness and
Pliny thought very highly of the
goose, saying 'thatone might almost be
tempted to think these creatures have
an appreciation of wisdom, for it is said
one of them was a constant companion
of the peripatetic philosopher Lacydes,
and would never leave him, either in
public or when at the bath, by night or
The cackling of the -goose saved
Rome. According to averyoldstory, the
guards of the city were asleep, and the
enemy taking advantage of this, were
making their way through a weak part
of the fortifications, expecting to take
the city by surprise. The wakeful
geese hearing them, at once commenced
cackling, and their noise awoke the
Romaas, who soon made short work of
their foes. This circumstance greatly
increased the gratitude of the Roman
citiseas for the goose.
We gather from the quaint words of
an old chronicler a probable solution of
the familiar phrase, .To cook one's
goose." "The Kyng of Swedland"-so I
runs the anc ent recoad--"coming to a
towne of his enemyes with very little I
company, his eemeyes, to slyghte his
forces, did hang out a goose for him to
shoote; but perceiving before nyghte
that these fewe soldiers had invaded I
and sette their chiefe houlds on fire,
they demanded of him what his intent 1
was, to whom he replyed: 'To cook your I
In the days when the bow and arrow i
were the chief weapons of warfare, it
was customary for the sheriffs of the '
counties where geese were reared to
gather sufcient quantities of feathers
to wing the arrows of the English army.
Some of the old ballads contain refer
enaes to winging the arrow with goose
feathers. A familiar instance is the
"Dead all your bows," said Robin Hood;
"And with the gray goose wing,
Sueh sport now show as you would do
In the presenee of the King."
To cheek the exportation of feathers
a heavy export duty was put upoa them.
Tbhe goose frequently figures in En
glish tenures. In a poem by oge, t
published in 1575, there is an allusion to
rent-day gifts, which appear to have
been general in the olden time:
Lad when the tenants come ho pay their
They bring some towle at Midsummer, a dish 5
of ash in Lenat,
At Chrlstmas, a capes, sad at Michae. -
masse a gooe.
A strange memorial custom was kept
up at Hilton in the days of Charles IL
An image of brass, known as Jack of
Hilton, was kept there. "In the mouth,"
we are told, "was a little hole just large
enough to adamit the head of a pin;: wa
ter was poured in by a hole in the back,
which was afterwards stopped up." The
figure was then set on the fire; and dur
aing the time it was blowing off steam, a
the lord of the manor of Essington was
abliged to bring a gooes to Hilton and
drive it three times round the hall-re.
He next delivered the goose to the cook; a
and when dressed,he carried it to the ta
ble and received in return a dish of
meat for his own mess.
In bygone times, Lincolnashire was a
great place for breeding geese; and its b
extensive bogs, marshes and swamps
were well adapted for the purpose. The
drainage and cultivation of the land I
have done away with the haunts suifta
ble for the goose: but in a large ameasus
Lincolnshire has lost its reputation for I
its geese. Frequently in the time wbea '
geese were largely bred, one farmer *
would have a thousand breediaggees~e, i
and they would multiply some evmre
fold every .vear, so that he would have a
under his care annually some eight *
thousand geeee. Re had to be carepful
that they did not wander from the pr- 4
ticalar district where he had a right to a
allow them to feed, for they wmere N. I
grd uas trespusmera ad the owner
could not get stray geese back aulees he C
ra fine of twepence tor each of- i
Within the last fifty years it wasa 1L
common oecurreane to see on sale in the e
market-place at Nottingham at the 1
G(oose Fair from fifteen to tweaty tho- a
msa geese, whk habed been brouaght
hra the fsas of lia·olnshire. A street C
ea the rullahre side the towan is e
The origin at the estom of ating a
goose at Michaelmas is lest in the
shadows of the dim historic pst. Ac.
cording to one legend, Saint Martin was
tormented with a roose, which he killed
and ate. He died after eating it; and
ever since Christians have, as a matter
of duty, on the saint's day sacrificed the
goose. We have seen from the preced
ing quotation from (ascoigne that the
goose formed a popular Michaelmasdish
from an early period.
It is a common saying, "The older
the goose the harder to plu-k," when
old men are unwilling to part with their
money. The barbarous practice of
plucking live geese for the sake of their
quills gave rise to the saying. It was
usual to pluck live geese about five
times a year. Quills forpeaswere much
in request before the introduction of
steel peas. One Londoa house, it i1
stated, sold annually six million quill
pens. A professional pen-cutter could
turn out about twelve hundred daily.
Considerable economy was exercised
in the use of quill pens. Leo Atticus,
after writing forty years with one pen,
lost it, and it is said he mourned for it
as for a friend. William Husten wrote
the history of his family with one pen,
which he wore down to the stump. He
put it aside, accompanied by the follow
As a chole relic rll keep thee,
Who saved my sanestors sad me.
For seven long weeks you daily wrought
Till into light our lives you brought,
And every falsehood you avoided
While by the hand of Hutton guided.
June 8, 1,79.
In conclusion, it may be stated that
Philemon liqiland, the celebrated trans
lator, wrote one of his books with a single
pen, and recorded in rhyme the feat as
With one sole pea I wrote this book,
Made of a gray goose quill;
A pen it was when I it took,
A pea I leave it stilL
Its Curiem EAet en Cianrles, Itgsem
aad othsr Bire.
The following is from the proceedings
of the Berlin Physiological Society:
Starting with the observed fact that
canaries fed with cayenne pepper se
quired a ruddy plumage, Dr. Saner
mann has based upon it a scientific in
vestigation of canaries, fowls, pigeons
and other birds From these he ob
tained the following results: Feeding
with pepper only produces an effect
when given to young birds before they
molt; the color of the feathers of older
birds can not be affected. Moisture fa
cilitates the change of color to ruddy
bue, which is again discharged under
the influence of sunlight and cold.
A portion of the constituents of cay
enne pepper is quite inactive, as for in
stance, piperin and several extractives;
similarly the red coloring matter alone
of the pepper has no effect on the color
of the feathers. It is rather the trioe
lein, which occurs in the pepper in large
quantities, together with the character
istic pigment which brings about the
change of color, by holding the red pig
ment of the pepper in the solution.
Glycerine may be used instead of trio
leia to bring about the same result
The same statement holds good with
regard to the feeding of the birds with
aniline colors The red pigment of the
pepper is also stared in the eggs' yelk as
well as in the feathers. The first ap
pearance of the pigment in the yolk
may be observed as a colored ring four
days after the commencement of feed
inag with the pigment dissolved in fat
After a further two days' feeding the
whole yelk is colored.-London Stead
THE AZOREAN DONKEY.
atsatrlrmary roes to Wbe the ?a3sst
Animat i Put.
The extraordinary uses to which the
Amoeean donkey is put were illustrated
fully in our few hours' journey between
Ponta Delgada to Sette Cidades. or the
ancient crater called the "Seven Cities.'
The roads seem illed with them.
Here is a procession ridden by peasant
women, each cloaked and cowled in the
monstrous copote ecapello, on the way
to Ponta Delgada stith all manner
of country produce swaying from the
A lone lonkey laden with water-casks
plods along without companion or driver,
sent from somewhere to somewhere over
his ofttraveled way, and with a pitiful
look of worried responsibility in his
gray, old face.
Here comes a bevy completely hidden
by piles of coar-leaves piled so high
that it seems that stacks are waltsing
into the city on intisible legs. Bells
jangle in a mumled way beneath the fod
der; and barefooted country lads prod
the bobbing mysteries viciously. Again
a score come tripping and mincing along
a slender path beneath a huge wall,
laden with wheat and corn in casks and
Two are met sustaining a strong beam
across their backs, and tb this beam a
trunk of a tree, being conveyed to the
city for pier timber in this outlandish
way, is swung, and, being nearly bal
aneed, one end bangs the doakey's head
anad shoulders, while the other lightly
bounds along the way, a source of peril
to all passers upon the roaed-Chicago
Treatment a a Cmme Cade.
A correspondent of the British Med*
ical Journal writes "It may not be as
widely known as it deserves to be that
twenty grains o salicylic asid, given
in liq. ammo. acet. three or four
times a day will so far control a com.
man cold that the aching of the brow.
eyelids, etc., and during movements of
the eye, will ease in a few hears,while
the sneesing and running from the as
will also abate, and will disappes in a
few days and, more fortunate still, the
cold will pass of ad nt S n hs up, as ip
customary, with a oas. It may be
that it is only in perons ataintd with
rheumatism where we And a chill fol
lowed by such a train of trables, and
certain it is that different persons sfe
in different ways after a chill. But for
a very great number of persons of fair
health who are liable to take a common
cold it is highly desleble to avoid a
cough, and the saliylne-eM treasmen
elaces this nleor pwe"
i PROFESSIONAL WOMEN.
A atmirm methed or IDaneg Thigs th
The world studies the professions
woman-to use a rather meau:ngles
term-through a magnifying glass
Every defeat of tollette or housekeeping
is exaggerated. discussed and dismissed
with: "'0 well you couldn't expect an;
thing better from her."
It may be accepted as a rule with few
exceptions that people have one genera:
method of doing things, be it washing
dishes or writing books. If nature has
endowed a woman with love of order,
beauty and cleanliness they will be
manifest in all her surroundings. Ir
her room, whether its principal feature
be a sewing machine, a desk or an easel.
there is a place for every thing and
every thing in its place.
The woman of talent or a touch ot
genius does not, therefore, cease to be a
,woman, and the world is slowly coming
to a realization of this truth, which it
has stubbornly doubted for centuries.
She may paint, write, lecture, preach:
sad still cherish a thimble and prize her
scissors, possessing all the delicate
tastes and habits of those who live ex
clusively domestic lives.
A woman may be bold, coarse and ag
gressively masculine, and think it hor
rible that women should study politics
and want to vote. Her antipathy to such
aspirations has not made her coarse and
bold, yet, had she been one of those
asking the franchise, her unwom.
anliness would have been attribut
ed to that fact, and to no other.
Pretenders in art and literature and
reform are apt to be pretenders in all
they do, those who excel in them will
be found admirable housekeepers.
Emily Huntington Miller, who formally
lived in Evanston, was an ideal house
keeper, and wrote, entertained her
friends, trained her three children, and
did endless work in the church and else
where. Mary Hartwell Catherwood. of
whom all the world is talking, excels in
housekeeping, which is as good as her
writing. Mrs. Lew Wallace's home is a
model, and although she has seen social
and diplomatic life at its best, she
prides herself upon the actual knowl
edge which alone can exact efficient
The Brontes, in their bleak, York
shire home-the sepulchral Hawortb
parsonage hemmed in by grave-stones-
varied their literary work with domestic
labor of all kinds. Charlotte was fas
tidious in regard to her dress, and Mrs.
Gaskell tells lovingly of how she would
do over again the tasks which the blind
old servant was unable to perform to her
A woman may carry a prescription
case and still dress becomingly. There
are, nowadays. clothes which are both
sensible and artistic, and these she will
choose if she possesses good taste, and
there is no reason why she may not.
If she has faults, it is not because she
paints. or writes, or acts, but "in spite
of it," as Thackeray says of people who
are religious, yet wicked. They may be
careless and indolgnt and untidy, not
because of their gifts, but in spite of
Judgment should be tempered with
mercy. A woman may possess a large
mind and a large heart; she may be
ready to minister to the wants of the
needy; look well to the ways of her
household, and yet and time to help the
world by her wisdom and genius.-Chi.
pe..ueStiae or cthkre memules y.ysee
Several Tres As..
The reporter was ushered into the
saandsome dining-room of Henry ii.
Bishop, where the instrument (an Edi
son phonograph) and all its appliances
were stationed. Mr. Bishop, with the
skill of a person who had bandled a
phonograph for years, adjusted the in
strument and turned on the battery.
The various choice melodies which
poured forth from the cone-shaped trans
mitter sounded very naturaL Among
the many selections were several pieces
played by the Seventh Regiment band,
of New York, about four years ago; a
banjo solo. by a son of the mayor of
Newburyport, Mass., played about a
year ago; a cornet solo; several selec
tions by a male quartet, and many other
musical gems, most of which were
played at Edison's laboratory over a
Mr. Bishop has so arranged his phone
raph by the appliance of the cone
shaped transmitter that whenever he
starts it going the sound can be distinct
ly heard throughout the whole house.
Mr. Bishop has also recorded a few re
marks of several prominent men of this
city who have talked into the instru
ment. It is very amusing to listen with
what accuracy they have been taken
and are reproduced. He intends to have
the Concordia Singing Society and
Jerome May's Banjo quartet give sev
eral selections at his bome for the pur
pose of recording them. Mr. Bishop, it
is understood, is the possessor of the
only phonograph of this kind in the
city. "'Why," said he, "with this little
machine I can sit down to my breakfast
and listen to the concert of the Seventh
Regiment band, played several years
ago, and enjoy it as much as if I had
actually heard the band itselL" He is
undoubtedly right. The working of
this machine is something wonderful.-
Bridgeport (Conn.) News.
apear sad Steel car wheels.
- Talking with a well-known railroad
man recently he told me that the paper
car-wheel "must go." and is going as
fast as possible. He characterised it as
a "Pullman fad" which never had any
thing like as much to recommend it as
was claimed. The future car-wheel
will be steel-tired, as are thelocomotive
drivers, the central portion iron as of
yees. The tires will be run until they
show snof becoming grooved, when
they ;& be planed to eveness again,
as in the rse of their larger coageners.
A ton intrnettang thing about ca.
wheels (of coe se those used in the pa0
aeager service only are referred to) is
thatthe . o. , er big wheel nnder the
Pullmans and Wagner.. is to be re
placed by the No. , er smaller i.
Various reasons are given for this
change, kreatier sset; end biter e
sibstace to wear Ead teea beilatthe
princpal ones-St. Paul PleuMW Pres.
ABOUT CANARY BIRDS,
Whwre They Came rr and eow TIhe
Are Raised and sold.
"I see you have got in quite a large
stock of canaries," was the remark of a
reporter to a Boston bird man.
"Yes," was the reply; "you see Ne.
cember we call canary-bird season. For
the past month or so about every
steamer from Germany has brought
large invoices of these yellow song
sters to the American ports This con
tinues until about the middle of Janu
ary, where the German bird-catchers
will stop sending, or send only smal;
"Do you expect to sell all you have
"Oh, yes," he replied, "and many more
iesides. I have been in the business
for a good many years now, and I can
calculate' pretty close on the number I
can sell, for the sales are about the same
each year. They may vary a few doses
birds, but not more than that."
"I)o any of the birds you get come
from the Canary Islands?"
"No, indeed, all of them are imported
from Germany. I on't know why it is,
but a great many people think that
these birds come from those islands, but
I never heard of any but German birds,
that is, unless they were canaries bred
in the countries where imported birds
"I suppose there are people in Ger
many, then, who make a business of
raising them, are there not?"
"Yes, some Germans do nothing else
but raise the birds for export trade. In
some of the large German cities. Ham
burg, for instance, there are several
large houses who raise birds entirely for
jobbers in New York, with whom they
have contracts to furnish them so many
hundreds of birds a season.
"Are these canaries long lived?"
"Well, that depends a great deal oa
ahat you would call long life. Theis
average life, however, is about ten
years, although ;have known some to
live a great deal longer."--Boston
LIKES AND DISLIKES.
reelas Thit Defy Aalys as Was w as a
Affinities and repulsions are queer
things. Sometimes they allow analysis
or explanation, but just as often they
don't. Our likes and dislikes do
not appear to be under our control, any
more than that very powerful emotional
impulse toward a particular one which
is called love. It may be said generally
that where there is esteem there can't
be any strong dislike, though there may
be no attraction. Yet, curiously enough,
there may be love without esteem.
Women have been known to love the
most worthless characters, for whom
they could not possibly have any
esteem. It is an enigma after alL The
loss of faith in one might seem to shat
ter affection in one but it doesn'tl Af
fection survives confidence. People are
drawn together, whose tastes and pur
suits widely differ, by some one strong
trait which they hold in common, and
persons of wonderful identity of taste and
psychological resemblances never con
trive heartily to like each other by a
collision revolving around some point
of radical moral difference which makes
all the joint and kindred qualities go
faor nothing. And so the queerest mar
riages and the queerest friendships are
contracted on the one hand and the ap
parently strongest antagonisms kindled
on the other hand. No Balsac has ever
sounded this depth with his plummet.
There are instiactive forces which allure
and repel, despite reason, philosophy,
and circumstance. It still remains true,
however, that there are a Sew magnetie
people whom all love. It seems as nat
ural for them to be sovereigns of hearts
as for Caesar or Napoleon to command
the enthusiasm of legions. No one In
quires into the secret of their witchery,
and all acknowledge it, young and old,
men and women alike.
This is perhaps as great a puzale as all
An Impeetant Dneci.e endered by the
Goergie Supreme Ceert.
The Supreme Court of Georgia has
just rendered a decision which is likely
to attract widespread attention and
have a salutary effect on the prepara
tion of patent medicines It holds that
the proprietor of such a preparation is
liable in damages for injury done to any
person who takes the medicine accord
intg to the directions.
This liability does not fall upon the
iruggist who sells the medicine, but it
attaches to the proprietor, even when
the consumer buys not from him direct
iv, but from the druggist. Here is the
view the court takes of the matter:
These proprietary or patent medicines are
secret or intended by the proprietors to be
secret as to their contents. They expect to
derive a proft from such secrecy. They are,
therefore, liable for all Injuries sustained by
ay ose who takes their medlelnes In such
quantities as may be prescribed by them.
There is no way for the person who uses
the medicine to ascertaln what its coateats
are ordinarily, and nla this ease the cotests
were only ascertained aftersa analysis made
by a chemist, which would be very Ideaon
velnat and expensive to the public.
Nor would It be the duty of a person using
the medicine to ascertain what poisonous
drugs it may contain. He has a right to rely
sac. the statement oe the proprietor, print
ed and published to the world; and if thus
relying be takes the medicine and is Injured
on account of some coenealed drug of which
be is unaware, the proprietor is not tfr from
fault sad is liable for the injury thereby sus
In rendering this opinion the court
amd that it could find no American case
In which the precise question had been
decided before.-N. Y. Herald.
A Does slabed by se trtt.
The wire of an electric light in front
of a store on Washington street, Boston.
had its insulating covering Ijured, and
the other evening the wite came in con
tact with an iron post near the building,
which was soon charged with the elee
trio fluid. A big black dog came along
soon after, and he hisaose touched the
Iron he was drawn up against the post
and burned to death. A policeman who
,tepped upon the damp sidewalk re
eeivd a shock, and the olleers block
aded that de of the street for about an
hour until ,aepresetaMve of the elee
tribgh cotapa5y appearedandshut
ed the eaurats-Cl-acinati Clmemere-a
FULL OF FUN.
- o Ea who eeps lt hoe rsad trie
To Ne a oestaat meeruy-.mer,
Is hastenlag. ts we can't disgulie
To over tsak the .aneerta en.
-Mercha, t Traveler.
-Bachelor--"No more sewing ea d
suspender buttons now, old boy, oh!"
Benedict--"No I wear a belt now. I've
got no time to sew m bottom. Keeps
mne hustling to buy bread and better."
-Guest-"Who ows this hotel?
Water--"Mr. Blank a de proprietor,
sah." Guest-"'lad to bear it. I
thought from your actions that the
wasters owned the hoteL" Waiter-
'", no, ah. We don't owa sana' but
de guests."-N. Y. Ledger.
-Pastor (to the country couple be has
just married)--"Marriage gives yoeach
certain duties The husband must pro
teet his wife, but the wife must follow
him everywhere." Fat Bride (weighs
two hundred pounds, frowns ·exaessly)
-'"Oh, sir, ean't that be changed? My
husband Isa letteroarrie."--The Wasp
-"Perhaps." said the fresh young
pan, as he plumped himself down as
the sofa between the two giddy girls,
"perhaps you were disacusag some
choice secret?" ', no," said olnes
them, "I was just saying to Minnie that
nothing should separate us, but really I
didn't expect it to happen so seon."
And the beating of hisownheertwas all
the sound he heard.-Terre Baute oI
-"Business is mighty duaJ," geeed
the proprietor of the luneh-ouaster as
he dusted the pies and gave the dough.
ants their morningbath. "I eould have
sworn t," observed a eustomer grimly.
"Why?" demanded the lanch.eoatter
man. "Well, I noticed when I Mt into
this sandwich that you could not make
both ends moat"--Ameris.
-A Questioeaeo Sueees.-Angellna
-"And now that you have visited her
school, Edwin, what layour deeelas re
garding Mne. Fraesis for our a
dren? As to diseipline, does she give
that proper attentir" BEdwin-"In
deed she does, my deer. I was there
the whole morning, andmadamesesmed
to devote the entire time in preserviag
order." - -
-"Since this is your fal aaswer,
Miss TicklowellE" said the young man,
bitterly, "I submit to my fate. I ean
only say, in the words of Aristotle-"
"Do you read Aristotle," Mr. Fergusoan
exclaimed the beautiful Boston girl, a
vivid blush crimsoning her palo cheek.
"Why, he is my favorite anthorl Mr.
Ferguson, give m a little Mime to think
of this matter again. I-- am not eats
but-but that"-Chicago Tribune.
-Thirst for Ksawledge.-Qty Benll
"I hope your stay in ear eity will aot be
short, Mr. De Scieae." Mr. De Saoease
(member of the Amerlca Ornithologists'
Uniom)-"Thank you, bet my sojourn
must be brieL Iam here attending the
Ornithological conventioe at the Me.
seum of Natural History, sad the e-as
sions will soon be over." "What kind
o a convention did you ay" "Orai
thologi.al-ebout birds, youee know."
"Oh, yes, yes. How stpid of mel Do
you think they will be worn much aett
season?"-N. Y. Weekly.
Hitherto Uapu.Ibshed Jbr left U. e,
by PhI, we. Web.
When a Philadelphian sips up ma s
banana peel he falls so slowly that it
doesn't hurt him.
your daughter's married life so far
proved a happy eme. Mrs. Versno' a
Mrs. Vernoa--"Very. Her husband,
you know, Is a traveling eelesmen."
Capturing a Prise.-As-t Mabel (to
niece)-"And did you win say prises at
your school comme tceme.t, Clara?"
Clara (demurely)-"Yes, asaty, young
Mr. Smith, on our way home, asked me
to marry him."
Improving the Presst--Oetlemua
(to Uncle astes, wrestlig with water,
melon)-"Aren't you sarad ef ramps,
Uncle Bastis?" Uncle Bastus (con
temptusoaly)-"Wet does yo' spis I
done ca's fo' er few aramps?"
Full of Eathusiasm.-Brswa-"Yes
show a good deal of boyish enthslasim
over your coming trip to Eure. Why,
you've crossed several times beome,
haven't you?" Robabaqo-"Yes, but
this is my first trip without my ws.a"
An Untimely BEd.-Coesar (to Wit.
nes)--"You say the Unartunate man
died while eating a ifty-eent table
d'hote dinner at Masarosi's?" Witeas
-"Yes, sir." Corosmr--"The acsseems
to be clear, gentlemen. He died of
Not Comaplainin Any.-"Were did
you live before you came to Kameas
City?" he asked of the codemned mur
derer. "In St. Louis." "If you had re
mained in St. Louis you wouldn't be in
your positioa now." "No, sir, but I
lived there a whole year sad I'm soat
led with things as they are."
A Big Business-.-itor (to summer
resort landlord)-"Ah, ood mornting,
Mr. Boiface, how is busines with
you?" Mr. Bbiiftae-'Immense; we're
full to overlowing." Editor-"ThatL '
encouraglnr. What can I do for you?
Landlord-"- wish you would run in s
local notice to the efect that for the
balanc of the seasonm the best rooms a
Goodgrub House will be let at largel
Human Nature in Billiaes.-hal
(playing billiards)--You should have
seen my game seven or eight ears ago,
Sherman, when I was In practie. I
could knock the spes o y any thing this
sidoe New York. I don't play mub
uow." Shermen-"That's a faset. all.
you do't play muekh f a game sow.
Hall (sbarply)-"What's that? If yeu've
got any money that sys I ean't beat
you, I'll make you walk home."
An Unp#eesat Ctenm.-"Mames,"
sai Mis Paelps Wld4o, et Bost, "I
don't like this Mr. Bmhe from the Weal
whom we met last nlght. e is e
taremely mouth." "owt?" ininred
the old lady. "We were dilss-in rid
ing, and he said that be r used al
seddle and Yodelbareback e m
eccasim of cous, se ean diepsrai
with a saddle it he wishae, bet fassy
body to ride aboet in his basm brk a
unssesessaly Wess.." And de old
lady thought us tee-st . Npeak
Ue. lessi =.l Coae Maf w iehs.
SIt seems mpossible in these times "
iaetty that we shall have any thi.g
without moasy. It is certaily true
Sthat we get mothing valuable witheut
esort If we were more impressed that
time sad efsort are both money, we
midght avail eourselves as farmers of
mee abundant resouMces. Wal.l it may
I tr bc. therefore, that we may aot be
able literally, to get manure for our
arms without mosey, it is tre that we
I a get it in large measure without the
direst epesdituae of currency. It is
further true that we ea get it by the
I use of time sad efort, at such mseaom
as these resources may aot avail u a
Smuhe inome In ay other way as moy.
SThe mam man.rial resource of every
. farm should be the barm-yard, audI feel
/ that I an not do better on this lie tha
to urge again the stabliag of all stock;
I he prot of which will be found more
Ithan eough to cover expenses in the
better condition of the stock and the
msviag of feed to keep them; the ao
eumulatios of manure will, therefore.
be a clear proit, and, indeed, may be
said to be "maamre without money."
This may be very much iacreased by
the addition of matter, otherwise practi
cally valueless, in the shape of straw,
leaves and ay kind of waste that will
make good bsesbeakt By the imor
pration of such waste the waste itself
is made valuable anad the character eo
Sthe mamure s Improved, as Iris prevent
ed from deterioration by besting. Is
the use of help sad teams at such times
as they are not needed on the fors, in
the malpaulatlos of matter that is co
sidered worthless, we can accumulate a
great amoaunt of fertillalag matter that
will make mre "manure without
Agaia, it has beeagenerally supposed
that the value of barnyard manmre de
pedes apon te animal altogether; sad
that the droppings from herses were
aecessarily more valuable tha the
droppings ro cowa Now, it is be
lieved that it depeds as much. a d pos
sibly, more pon the character of the
food furaishel. Horses have generally
received a richer ration than attle, ad
we were, this way, led to believe that
hoses couforblsh the better grade
of manure. The uperiments t ee
lag cattle upon the cotto -seed meal
and cotto-sed bulls has demonstrated
the very great cheapuess of a very valu
able maure. Upo good authority, it
Is asserted that the manure made In a
s.w barnm brn ,eeing .ne toe of cot
tea-seed meal is worth a much as the
meal before feedag. If this Is tree we
cam again have "manure without
messy,' literally, as, at the end of the
prooes, we have much as we started
with and the beef, milk sad better be
sides Our farms aeed such economic
metods of makia vales without ex
peaditures; lacome without coset ad
peofts without losses.
To eglet these resources sad others
that ae easily available on the farms,
ad look to a hhly aoemtrated fertil
ser lI the markets to recover our lads
asd make our crops, is hurtfully extras
agaut It brimgs with is o vegetable
matter or humus-mature's way of mak
iag soil; it gives its help to the imme
diate yield, ad It Is gl with the
measy that brought it BMarn-yard m
aure comes to stay, sad stay with prot.
I have seem its helpful elect o a let Sor
tea succesive year Its est was m
i"al; its yield was abuadmat Our smal
pla has been to open the feuces sad
give te rum of the lad to all kiads of
stock. A diferent plan will give a
"more mamure witbput money." If the
remnuat left .i the Selds after gather
lug the crop-stalks, stubbe, grass sad
weeds-was allowed to remain ce the
lad sadi become iacrporated with the
sail, we would accord partially, at least,
with mature's plam of fertility, sad
gather a better Income thau by havin
the flelds first gleaead an the worked
Into mud durug the i.olement days of
At the risk of beir charged with ne
qseat repetition, I weat to insist uper
small gral, grass ad peas ass boasti
ful seauro fe Mrtiliassto not oaly with
out set, but aeompealed with aetual
Uosonmy suecoessflly ractieed be.
ne is time; every opportua.ty mil
carries with it a correspoadlag wastS
sad every waste mst effect hurtfully,.
every interest whihb its prdest ee
could help For the omig seaso let
a lay well our plans to make "masure
without money."-W. T. Northe,. in
THE OKRA FIBER.
ses Wamisrie rusmbetemel tame fimb.
t me If tor e.utb.
As Esgllih investgator claims to
rve dicovered wederfal pemibittles
in the well-kaow ekra, or gumbop.l.t,
of the South. His ameo Is Sudlow, and
be is a resident of Columbia, S. C.,
whre for the pest two years he has been
stadylug the okra Abert uestios, sad
reached the cocluslioe that it ean be
cheaply produaed, and that the okra
stalk is essetially difereat from the
jte, cotton a ramey is this, that the
wood surrounds the Aber, while ia the
others it s med with itsad this is
the key to the problem of cheap predus
teum. His experlmeast last summr n.a
fall prove that the okra iber sad wood
re nsturally separated. The misitg
of tAs iaber with the weed juten ramey
and cotom makes it esmary to -
ploy maau labor ehibly to decortloats
it, sad this isoeostly theanly India
md Chna where tlabr is esmesear y
Oheap is it possible to proedue the Aer
at low pri The okra, u the os
Wury., ean be separated by mo
ehnsery. . abelow eelarees that he
eas make a mubhias whlde will Uatet
ployed as each large farm ela each
mslghborbei. aa e abgy aitem se plas
es of okra earn e m out theIr a
sell it, as thedo ttor. for so apqka,,
p-ns. Into thus machasp tahoehsstankt
will be fed butt forwrad, sad it will,
eat tewoodfromthe Aber. The lntes
will harmoad rem the Ihlr bqy eas
pio proeewe an the lr wfll mln b
ea or maske 6sL - " ia as.
pls have bseen siibitel. e " lbr
bag. eaeosilgly aea, it.,e Iaeom
straw color a white, ad with dibhm
Base The etan padlr aeedeis less
eotts. It pews is Sath t al*
met withbomt eltivaat . A hear
Edgelsl Coa ty ma that he eat w
prepare the her as a seat et me resat
pemsed, ad a o stmry has da o osr aBl
he am make at a geedl prie. 'Theim bW
mau be sbiv , as that det, s well
as rope sad begging, eam be s kaesr
it. Secretary rusa mps that it Is a
fne fher, datd ase for the gmeses at
making it. It ipmisess to bemaso a
Importame nlaiastry. ad to bempm
lsber easte, Jts eor phs eno a as a
begging fr eotte..
esr w. Vrce at laaesse amemo
Mr. W. Stealey, et Cadr usoIs. uM
mind atel.nomw g
Tobaso. grewes ussasy soles bern
two bo hree amase o be beeo aid h k m
tolares d ea. 1ar asses le a
o mae eas mas n t fee edt whisk
is as folowa
Drslagwea - -- ...-a . .*
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mr ret w_ aN se................ se
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NERE ANO 'aTHErW.
b.... .... ..................... .
w--s To o w i saear ham tam
ae w4,ess aJbea· yU gn.., urn
N JEW Brost ................... ..S.. e
* -4r Oi ; IN
HEREA ANm ThER ai
ways: To what thek aRy w es
ad what its aoprwing wi b.
-Theare are mida I every thge-
ildt wises. hadade pef ad
farmers. A msisft rarmerss; l an .be.
a live fowl, he sheaMl. b.st sgaing
operaUtions, get eebo.y. s ha
ews hair by theSbo.i . "
-Cott'asef lpel . feee l er ws
msays .. Cottommaed mel bad for
ecws, pe M mstpr. I it is o with
ther foodls we gaes see wl srerp
--hat wed slhe wled bs wmeat
owe.rs se~ , be. eN. Ms ise,
e.? What is te little pei r o As
werl that we oapy, 8i It has 4 --.
er Ma . Muc p oat Ais.dlt mad
-WhateLver bsa the aesteasy dlm b
eo-lude by -s pe mpe ,y4. fs
-way. We think webn voa'i late ahii,
startlingly new when we rnyth~ t bi
sot seeimearily r.r' , ,
-"All seek is grass," it sf s;l r
-a~tra, aDl gram.s lo b. T'M,
an ly lasollny, h- ea. astaes
grsses raus. horme and cage In
esar wesds, the two go tgether, sal
se is meeaery beao thther.
-The paes every -w at them ad
rise their readers Is elgs smtrats to
"sow t.ralmps" This is memssm al
re. If they have the tauipe. ISLthma
ave the fruit Whe. it eer to Ms
Eng taraip peelds, theam ats advse is
-0e of the segUwm. .as et ft
omatr~ is thust so ANy.s ew
in Texas wrll nlng seSr o iCh
cago. Dlumtiag tMhe eight, LW. from
this, alses a w t so e ir. Yet
whom mase late dalsed!bb4 It is
shipped back to Texas eat mslt Se
T-Pasin tall o ew is prem t the
elhas. etd nfelasea gles. tl as
the reply. What ena we do is pevmt
the ravages beg eboloe as the
swine-breedt. Stop mau the · O
ditico that polroe it, .'te reply
-It is ete. isM that pig will ea
up the refuse as the sal ts
lato value. That is tro, sa thee is
so spe.lal objeetms s aing what re
fuse these is pas a lam., bes whoa sac
tea, our, frmeat adl adramestiag
garbage a . the altie is sr~ b Ir
pip eed, it is ti.me to s.that M is st
the best bind of Me.r
-A t. cowmaes Mum pe.alis that
almost amy kind of a stresatse wAS am
swer br a stable wiehest magmis to
looks so lealr s t is built m dl Jtess4e
o th parpose. T he ast *s mMm
is, a stale shei k ieak eo whait i
istes.ed o; and i imisamd tgs. wll
a good hose, shoest pastern of the
-e stykl sadt isL.
b eowsis Is ge ad thing rl N.wbm
glan. As theeew vis e, usal
.dM water is bs msam, amnd Ls lemy
degrees below asse is the sawm Oh
world over, we ges if that wa is
right warming war e ews is a gose
thing wherever hsse ass -es whbte
amd col weather.
-A pecall valus the pIsaut e.,
is Ia the pdamusssm of e the an a
this atis regarded as being egualia
all respect is oelise d, aol may jy ea
Sr every purpose is wih hat
is applied It is sad that abbl ot
peamgsts, weigh· tin l . o ptep
ats i e bull, wll yyeld we 8sh.e eUI
whie edb jstsd to hpiraess pbeme.
-It is el.Sede, sg the. Neisampl
Soekma by thse ia a pites
knoew, thatti is emly bys.lesMn. as
eeoprain bbamaeineashe Siamp
like the seesded mam ~ m Mu
is prod.eed. The v ery s bmer
the mniest-a asioel we haew sei
wdual maom esute. bsiswhsPy Ind.
estats is gasetMy is spply is sale
d these whoh asapgs i foss a mAi
-Famo s seergd adume tS ma
treat. esisala. a, se ls w _bel
smI ss is.smd a i. th il*s
ist ste jsstiualab us i stMe asla is
sa t Mbat sth e a se he4r eie-s
the bomian sa w aue qu91ap
ese of the omseg are
Ia bame lathers famiis anheiV
of ehoeolst ismadse by erasiag ehe
properly restea pseamts sa a ssetes
with mmgar, sad Ahefei* with 660@0