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"The Blessings of Government, Like the Dew from Heaven, Should Descend Alike Upon the Rich and the Poor,
). H. MASON, JR., Editor. COVINGTON, ST TAMMANY PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 19o. VOL. XXXI.
a_ __i_ _ __-. . . . .._.. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. ... . . . .. . .._i__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _im__ _ _i__ _ _ _ _L__ _ _ _
CORN CLUB INFORMATION
How to Select Corn for Exhibition and How to
Mark Points in Accordance With Score
Card that Will bh I) sed.
A good way to select an exhibit is
to place a large number of gocd
shucked ears on a table of convenient
height, with all tips pointing one way;
select an ear thqt comes very near to
the ideal ear of the variety, and, hold
ing it in one hand for constant com
parison, discard with the other hand
all ears that are distinctly unlike the
model ear in size, shape and general
characters. Bring together the re
maining ears and examine them close
ly as to points counted on the score
cards explained hereafter.
Every, variety of high-bred corn
properly recognized in the United
States has a standard to which the
individual ears must conform. This
standard covers the following points:
shape, length, and circumference of
ear; condition, color, indentation and
shape of kernel; number, space and
arrangement of rows; filling out of
butts and tips; size of shank; size and
color of cob; and per cent of grain to
ear. To illustrate: The Illinois stand
ard for Boone county white corn is as
follows: Ear shaped, cylindrical;
length, 10 inches; circumference, 7.5
inched; kernel condition, firm and up
right; color, pearl white; indentation,
rough; shape, medium wedge; number
of rows, 16-22; space, medium; ar
rangement, in pairs; butt, moderate
ly rounded, compressed; tip, regular
rows of kernels; size of shank, me
dium; of cob, white; per cent of
The standard of a given variety is
based upon the study of typical ears
by experienced corn men; and it seeks
to define accurately those traits which
are bred into the variety and which
enter into the merits of an ear of
corn. By this means, we eliminate
the possibility of a judge placing un
due emphasis on characters that
please or displease him personally;
and-a uniform standard is established
as a guide to judges throughout a
section or state.
The Illinois Corn Growers' Associa
tion has adopted the following stand
.ard aato length and circumference
of ear and proportion of corn to cob
for the different varieties recognized
by the Association:
Length ference. cent
in inches. in inches. to ear
Moone County White.. .10-11 7.5-8.0 $
Reid's Yellow Dent......10-ll 7.25-7.75 :58
Leamrning--....----.----.........--10-11 7,25-7.7.i ts
WhiteSuperior-.........10-11 7,25-7.75 as
Riley's Favorite-..........9-10 7-7.75 - 90
Golden Eagle... .. ......9-10 7.25-7.75 90
Silver Mine----....-- ---....... 9-10 7-7.2 0
Some varieties of corn that will be
on exhibition at the State Fair and
at parish fairs will, no doubt, have
no adopted standard. For instance,
we know of of no standard for Yellow
Creole. This corn, so far as we know,
is not-grown in states where exhibits
are carefully scored and variety stand
ards are established. In judging such
varieties, a general standard is ordi
narily used. But, in such cases aris
ing in Louisisna at this time, arbitra
ry standay will have to be adopted
by the secor, until such time as some
proper authority may determine upon
the specific standard of the variety.
It is assumed that it will be fair to
formulate such temporary standards
from the opinions of the growers of
each variety, taking an average of
opinions as to those points that con
stitute the score card.
The stipulation of rule 4 regarding
a red cob and white grain, should not
deter any one from making an exhi
bit% cwb~tCorn that has a red cob
,:eC ter of the strain. No
t~ieans will be found that will
table and just to provide for
the contingency, shculd there )e close
competition on other points between a
red cob and a white cob strain.
THE SCORE CARD.
This is a device adopted to aid in
placing a just estimate upon those
points or other characteristics which
determine ge value of an ear of corn,
and to guide the scorer in arriving at
the relative merits of different varie
ties. The score card is not intended
to be used with mathematical accura
' y, except where the points to be cut
f-re fixed by the rules for judging, as
explained below. In all other cases
the number of points to be given or
cut lies wite the scorer,, and the score
is reliable in proportion to the accura
cy and intelligence of the scorer's
judgement. Corn judging by use of
the score card is a comparative and
not an individual matter, and the
scorer should endeavor to place a fair
value for each sample or exhibit upon
the several points constituting the
The late Orange Judd, editor of
Sthe Orange Judd Farmer, and leading
publisher of agricultural literature in
America, was the first to formulate a
score card for corn. The Illinois Corn
Growers' Association was the first or
ganization that adopted a corn score
card, and today all corn associatidh
have score cards. Since Louisiana
hase no such association, the authori
ties of the State Fair have adopter
for temporary use the score card o
the Illinois Association. When ou
corn growers assemble and organize
they will, no doudt, take up the mat
ter of formulating a score card fo:
Louisiana, with such modifications o:
the one temporarily used as may be
Following is the corn score cart
THE CORN SCORE CARl).
Revised January 27, 1908.
1. Uniformity of exhibit-.. ... .
2. Shape of car. ....... ----------------------1(
3. Length of ear ---------------------......It
4. Circumference of car--- ---. .-
5. Tips of ear.......................----------------------
6. Butts of car...................---------------------
7. Kernel uniformity ................-----------------
8. Kernel shape ..........----------------.....-----..
9. Color in grain and cob. ................ 1(
10. Space between rows----------.....-----.......
11. Space between kernels at cob ....-......
12. Vitality or seed condition...----.... . -------
13. Trueness to type.................... -----------------IC
14. Proportion of shelled corn to ear......-IC
Each entry shall consist of ten ears of
Following is a brief explanation of
the several points which constitue the
S1. Uniformity of Exhibit (5 Points).
The several ears of the sample or ex
hibit should be uniform in shape,
length, circumference, color, indenta
tion, etc.; but the kind of shape is
not to be considered at this time.
Arrange the exhibit, placing the ears
of uniform appearance together, and
grade according to the amount and
extent of variation. If eight ears are
uniform, and two are different in type,
2. Shape of ear (10 Points). This
should conform to the variety shape;
the ears should be true to the type.
A sample of Yellow Creole, for in
stance should be tapering, while
Shaw's Improved should be cylindri
cal. The rows should be straight and
regular, and should not turn to the
right or left. Cut one point for each
ear of irregular or poor shape.
3. Length of Ear (10 Points). In
length, an exhibit should conform
with the standard of the variety.
Add together the excess or deficiency
in length of all ears and cut one point
for every inch tnus obtained. In get
ting the length of an ear, measure
from extreme tip to extreme but.
Should the deficiency in length exceed
ten inches, cut two points for each
4. Circumference of ear (5 Points).
The circumference varies with the
standards for different varieties. It
should be measured at one-thixithe
distance from the butt to the tip.
The excess or deficiency of all ears
not conforming with the standard
should be added together, and a cut
of one point made for every two inches
thus obtained. To measure the
circumference take the ear in one
hand, and, holding the end of the tape
line at the right point with the index
finger, wrap the tape and note the
5. Tips of Ears (5 Points). Ears
with perfect tips should be covered
with straight rows of kernels arranged
in regular order. The tip should not
be pointed, double or flat, but of reg
ular oval shape. An exposed tip in
dicates that some of the tip silk ma
tured too late to receive pollen. Ker
nels of irregular shape or undue size
at the tip are due to imperfect pollen
ation and to an effort of the ferti
lized kernels to spread out and cover
the entire tip. A tip exposed one
inch inch should be cut one-half point,
and a proportional cut should be made
for less exposure. Cuts should also be
made for irregular kernels at the tip,
the grading being proportional to the
degree of irregularity,
6. Butts of Ears (5 Points). As in
the case of the tip, the kernel at the
ear should extend in regular order
over the butt' and around the shank,
leaving a deep depression when the
latter is removed. If the butt is not
fully covered the shank is likely to be
large and unduly strong, which adds
to the labor of husking; on the other
hand, the kernels should not so crowd
around the shank as to interfere with
its proper development and weaken it.
Exposed or swollen butts, depressed
or flat butts, and butts with kernels
of irregular shape should be cut from
one-tenth to one-half point; but it
shonld be borne in mind that the de
pression in the butt differs with vari
ety, being larger in the large-eared
7. Kernel Uniformnity (5 oints).
The shape of the kernel depends some
what upon the variety, some being
long, rather slender and wedge-shaped,
others broad andl fiat; but the kernels
ef a sample should be uniform among
themselves, particularly as to size,
shape, indentation and color. The
scorer should carefully distinguish be
tween kernel uniformity aind the next
point, kernel shape. To examine the
kernels of an ear, remove two grains
at the middle of the ear. A cut of
-O one-half point should be made for
each ear with kernels distinctly lack
8. Kernel Shape (5 Points). While
the shape of the kernel varies with
the variety, it should in general be
ted deep and wedge-shaped, with stfaight
of edges. This shape enables a given
cur cob to carry the greatest amount of
grain. The kernel should be full at
the tip and have a large, well devel
oped germ. Judge the shape of the
kernels, whether true to type, from
the 20 kernels removed under 7 above.
and score accordingly.
9. Color in grain and cob (10 points).
--The color of the kernels should be
true to type. The presence of yellow
kernels on a white ear, or of white
kernels on a yellow ear, indicates care
e less selection or faulty breeding.; so
.5 does the mixture of tints, as when a
1o white ear has yellow tinted grains.
- For one or two mixed kernels, cut
one-fourth point; for three or four,
cut one-half point; for five cut three
5 fourths of a point; and for six or more
mixed kernels make a cut of a full
point. Missing kernels are cut on the
same basis, on the assumption that
10 they were mixed. The color of the
10 cob should be true to the variety.
Shades of color in grain or cob differ
0o ent from the variety characteristics
of or differences in shade in an exhibit
should be graded in accordance with
of the amount of such differences.
he 10. bpace Between Rows (5 points).
The furrow between the tops of the
ý). rows of kernels is lost space, and is
x- due to circular or rounded crowns in
)e, the kernels. Such spaces between
;a- rows result in a reduction in the per
is centage of grain to ear. A cut of
ie. one-half point should be made for
trs each ear with spaces between rows of
nd of one-sixteenth of an inch or more.
nd 11. Space Between Kernels at Cob
re (5 points) -This refers to space at the
)e, cob between the tips of the kernels
in a row. To examine this take out
is several kernals at the middle of the
ie; ear. Such spaces indicate a grain of
)e. inferior constitution and Moor food
ile 12. Vitality of seed condition (10
ri- points) -Each ear of the exhibit should
nd offer evidences of being ripe, dry,
he sound, in good seed condition, free
ch from injury or diseases, and bright in
color. The germ should be large and
In well developed, bright and healthy in
'm appearance, and capable of producing
Y. a robust and vigorous plant. The
cy germination is the only absolute meains
nt at our command of. judging the vi
=t- tality of a sample of corn.
re 13. Trueness to Type (10 points).-
It. An exhibit is true to type if it pos
ed sesses the recognized characteristics
ch of the variety. This means that each
ear should conform to the type in its
i). size, shape and color, and in the size,
he shape and indentation of its kernels.
It The more highly bred a variety of
he corn is, the more fixed are its charac
P. teristics, and hence the more certain
irs is it to produce offsprings true to type.
.rd The scoring here should be on the
ut basis of the number of ears true to
es the variety; anc where an ear varies
he from the type a cut should be made
ne based on the amount of such variation.
pe 14. Proportion of shelled corn to
ex ear (10 Points). This is determine
he as follows: Use each alternate ear
of the exhibit; weigh the five wearq
irs shell the grain and weigh the cobs;
ed deduct the weight of the five cobs
ed from the vyeight of the five ears; and
ot divide the difference thus obtained by
g- the total weight of the five ears. The
in- difference above gives the weight of
"a- grain, and the quotient is the percent
ar- age proportion of grain. A cut of one
ze point should be made for each per
n- cent the sample falls short of the
er The student of corn judging should
ne learn the score card and understand
at, in detail the meaning of each point
de listed on the card. He should also
be know how many points or what parts
ip, of points should be cut from the total
he for defects and variations, as has
been explained above. The score is
in made on the basis of 100 per cent, the
he total number of points for a perfect
er ear aggregating 100. Nothing but
k, practice and study will enable the stu
he dent to attain any degree of compe
ot tency in scoring corn. Samples of
be ten ears should be obtained of as many
ids varieties as possible, and these should
er be used in the practical work of scor
wd ing. The student should score the
ith same sample repeatedly, and then
it. compare the different scores.
>m Do you know that croup can be pre
it vented? Give Chamberlain's Cough
le- Remedy as soon as the child becomes
r- hoarse or even after the croupy cough
ed appears and it will prevent the attack.
It is also a sure cure for croup and
). has never been known to fail. Sold
e- by all druggists.
ng All parties are hereby forbidden
se, under penalty of the law, to cutwood,
he deaden trees, or otherwise tresspass
e- on my lands in this parish.
xt JACQUES PELLOAT.
CARE OF HOGS.
or How to Prevent Cholera
k- and Keep Them in a
le - _
th The hog is susceptible to a number
be and variety of dieseases just like
ht other animals of the farm, a discus
-n sion of the majority of which, how
of ever, would not be of very much prac
at tical value to the farmer. Besides,
4- what he needs most, is a knowledge
ne of how to prevent disease among his
m animals, rather than cure it, aiid, for
e. tunately, the common ailments of this
animal are usually of the preventable
). class, as, ap rt from specific hog
)e cholera, they ire generally connected
w with the digestive organrs, or, of a
te dietic character.
e- It is rather unfortunate that a great
3o many people make such a loose use of
a the term, "hog cholera," every time
a, a number of hogs die out of the same
it herd, just as if nothing else could kill
r, them in that particular way. Fortuu
e- ately for the hog raisers of Louisiana,
e the State has been singularly free
11 from genuine hog-cholera, that is, the
te disease caused by specific virus. In
It an experience of twenty years, we
te have known of only two, or at most,
,. three, outbreaks of the genuine arti
r- cle, and these could be traced to im
:s ported hogs from states where hog
it cholera was prevalent. These out
,h breaks, which occurred during the
present year (1908) were on the places
of farmers who treated them intelli
.e gently, an as the disease dies out in
is a season, tf not again introduced in I
n fresh importations, it is questionable
n if there is, at the present moment, a
- case of genuine, or specific hog-cholera
f in Louisiana. This state of freedom I
r may not last, however,, now that our
f people are seriously considering the
importance of introducing live stock
b into their farming operations, and
e especially hogs, unless they exercise
s the utmost care in seeing and know
It ing that the animals they import from
e other states for breding purposes, and
f with the view of building up their
d herds, are free from this disease. Be
cause once the infection is introduced
0 it is liable to spread with great rapid
d ity, unless it is handled and combated
r, with the greatest sanitary care. It may
e be said, then, at the present time, the
n state is free, or practically so, from
d hog-chol1ta, so far as our knowledge
n and information goes, and if we get
g the infection, it is going to be.through
,e introducing it in diseased hogs. True,
s the National Department of Agricul
i- ture has discovered a method of im
munizing hogs against the cholera,
and which is being extensively pre
pared and used in those states whose
Is swine mortality from cholera is very
h great. The preparation of the vaccine
;s material is rather expensive, however,
3, and requires the the operation of a
3. plant for the .purpose, and the de
,f struction of quite a number of ani
mals. Or, in other words, it means,
n or might mean in our case, -the
slaughter of a number of animals in
e order to obtain the material to save
;o a few. At the same time, should the
s preparation of the immunizing mater
le ial become a necessity in the interest
,. of the hog industry, it will no doubt
:o be undertaken.
From personal experience we are of
Lr the opinion that the chief couse of the
greatest mortality among our hogs is
3; internal worm, or parasites, of one
Skind or another, but chiefly the large
d thorn-headed worm which infests the
y bowels. Worms are, of course, pass
e ed from the bowels of the affected
f animal onto the ground, and are pick
- ed up, in an immature stage, by other
r In the case of the large thorn-head
4 ed worm, it is claimed by authorities
that the egg is taken into the body of
d the larva, or grub, of the "June Bug,"
d and that the hog gets it by eatming the
t grub, which it finds in moist places, as
to in the neighborhood of pools or ponds
:s of stagnant water. Once a hog pasture
I1 becomes infected with worms, there
a fore, it is difficult to get rid of them,
is unless the lot is plowed up, or placed
e in cultivation, and the water supply
( looked after, or some mixture in the
t form of worm medicine is kept where
- the hogs may gain access to it at all
times. The following simple and ip£
f expensive mixture, which may be e
y pared on the place, has been pecom
d mended by the late Mr. Tl eodore
r- Louis, a breeder of high repute in the
n Take 6 bushels of corn cob harcal,
or 3 bushels of comm@, charceal, 8
pounds of common salit, 2 quarts of
air-slacked lime, 1; bushel of wood
h Break the charcoal well down, with
a shovel or other inplement, and thor
h oughlv mix. Then take one and one
quarter pounds >f copperas (sulphate
od f iron), dissolve it in hot water, and
d with an ordinary watering pot,
sprinkle the splution over the whole
mass, and again mix thoroughly. Put
this mixture ito self-feeding boxes,
and place theh where the hogs of all
Sages. may eat their contents at
SWe might add that quantities, either
greater orj smaller than that given
may be prered by simply observing
the proport ois of the different ingre
dients. Also, that this mixture has,
already been the means of saving
many a pound of meat in the state.
r With reasonably good care of the
animals, as to comfort, sound whole
some food and pure water, and the
regular use of a mixture such as that
above suggested,.which is both a cor
)er rective to the bowels and a worm
ike medicine, hogs should be maintained
us- in a fairly sound and healthy condi
iw- tion. And, considering our present
a- freedom, we need not have specific
es, cholera, unless we import it in pur
Ige chases of animals, which either have
his it in their systems, or are otherwise
or- the carriers of the infection from
his their original homes. To prevent its
ble introduction, therefore, will require
3g- "eternal vigilance" on the part of our
ted own people who purchase in other
,at A few minutes delay in treating
of some cases of croup, even the length
of time it takes to go for a doctor,
me often proves dangerous. The safest
me way is to keep Chamberlain's Cough
Lill Remedy in the house, and at the first
au- indication of croup give the child a
dose. Pleasant to take and always
ia* cures. Sold by all druggists.
he Pyrographv outfits and supplies at
In Champagne's Drug Store.
St. FOR SALE CHEAP--An upright
ti- piano almost new. Apply 1510 15th
g- FOR RENT-In Claiborne, La.,
it- furnished house, 1 1-2 blocks from
he depot; will rent very reasonable by the
es month or year. Apply to
P. J. LACROIX.
in FOR SALE-Genuine pedigreed pug
in puppies, 5 weeks old. Apply to
Aie MRS. TOM O'NEIL,
One Mile Branch.
ra WANTED-1 want to buy a skiff,
>m light and very stable; also a pair of
ur light oars. FRANCIS L. COYLE.
he Telephone 194.
ck For Portable or Club House Grates
nd go to ALEXIUS BROS. & CO.
We have on hand some fancy ar
ticles suitable for Euchre presents
)m that we are offering while they last
nd at 25 per cent discount.
air SCHONBERG'S PHARMACY.
ed If troublea with indigestion, consti
pation, no appetite or feel bilious give
id- Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
ed Tablets a trial and you will be pleased
ay with the.result. These tablets invig
he orate the stomach ard liver and
strenghten the digestion. Sold by all
;et Fifth Ward Justice Court, Parish
gh of St. Tammany, Louisiana.
ul- In pursuance to law, and in accord
m- ance with the power vested in. me as
ra, justice of the peace, I will proceed to
sell at the residence of Alex Bush, to
e- the last and highest bidder for cash,
)se on Saturday, February 17, 1910, the
!ry following eescribed property, to-wit:
me One dun cow, some pied marks, all
four feeet white, short horn, Jersey,
er, branded V. Came 'to Alex Bush's
a place in April, 1909
le- B. MIZELL,
ni- Justice of the Peace, Fifth Ward.
he Succession of James and Josephine
rve In the District Court, Parish of St.
;he Tammany, Louisiana.
Whereas Warren R. Badon has pet
est titioned the court for letters of ad
abt ministration of the estate of the late
James York and Josephene Yode
of ceased, intestate.
Notice is hereby given to all- whom
he it may concern, to show cause within
is seven days, why the prayer of said
me petitioner should not be granted and
why the description and valuation of
ge the said estate should not be approved
he and homologated.
ss- By order of the court, January 28,
ed 1910. H. R. WARREN,
Clerk of Court.
e Dissolntion Notice.
ad- Notice is hereby gvien that
Albert Theobald has withdrawn
from the firm of Theobald Brothers,
of blacksmiths, horseshoers and wheel
," wrights. The business will be carried
the on by Charles Theobald and Edward
Theobald, under the name of Theobald
as Brothers, ''l. claims against the
Ids former partnership wil be settled by
ire them. All accounts due said former
re- partnership, up to January 1, 1910,
may b. paid to Albert, Charlds or Ed
m, ward /Theobald, each of whom is
:ed anut.'rized to receipt therefor.
ply C.vington, La. January 3. 1910.
:he ALBERT THEOBALD,
S CHARLES THEOBALD,
re EDWARD THEOBALD.
all Notice is hereby given to all per
i sons who have left vehicles and other
Sproperty at our shop, to call for and
take away the same within thirty
m- days from this date, or such articles
ore will be sold to cover cost of storage.
the January 3, 1910.
To the Public
N8 otice is hereby given that I have
of sold my interest in the business for
od merly conducted under the name of
"Tolson & Schonberg." The busi
ith ness hereafter will be conducted in
the name of Clarence E. Schonberg.
or- 1 respectfully solicit a contisuance
ne- of patronage from all of our former
ate patrons for the new firm.
md GEO. R. TOLSON, M. D.
t WANTED TO PURCHASE-Pair of
ole mules or work horses.
Hut H. L. GARLAND.
all FOR SALE-A beautiful new resi
at dence situated on Twenty-third ave.,
four spuares from depot. Six large
rooms, bath and kitchen; modern con
ber veniences; fine stable. For particu
en lars, address
ing DR. J. F. BIQUOI,
re- Ramgay, La.
r c N K o
AND, TRUST COMPANY
HAS AMPLE FUNDS TO LOAN
ON GOOD SECURITY . -
IT ALSO PAYS 4 PER CENT ON
N SAVINGOS DEPOSITS,.- .
8 If you wish to borrow money, or if you hv ::
·l have money to deposit, we will be glad :.r
E to talk the matter over with you. I :
Southern Hotel Oyster Sal .
E, 1l. SHELLING, Manager.
The best Oysters on the market.
Sandwiches of al kinds. :: ::
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND GLOBES
LOSSES PAID UNITED STATES POLICY HOLDERS
OVER ONE HUNDRED-MILLION DOLLARS .
Losses Paid in San Francisco Conflagration - $4,522,905.00.
Losses Paid in the Chicago Conflagration . 3,239,491.00:
Losses Paid in the Boston Conflagration - 1,427,29.00,
Losses Paid in the Baltimore Cona eration - 1,051543.00 p
All Losss promptly adjUsteand and lali l. i i
We represent, also, other leading com1.
panies of the world,
We handle insurance in all its branche
Fire, Life, Accident; Fidelity, Casualty, Plate :
Don't be misled. It will pay you t. see us
before placing your insurance elsewhare.
NILSON, SEARS COMPANY, LIMITED.
Office Phone 26 Reidence Phone 244
A! MAVC FntitlTr · I / ruslaa
ALWAYS BOOST COVINGTON
e Prescriptions filled
as competently as any
where on earth. We
have on hand the
and. f we lack any
thing the doctor or
dered WE WILL NOT
GET IT FOR
Notice to Stockholders.
The annual meeting of Nilson &
Sears Co., Ltd., will be held at their
e office, 321 Columbia street, on Monday,
- February 7, 1910, at 4eo'elock p. m.,
- for the purpose of electing oficers and
such other business as may come be
fore said meeti
GEO. E. ~EARS, Secretary.
(Corser Courthouse A1*.
Lbaln * `
Do you want a lion1s
Do you wish an liatWtReatt
Call atour e
Nothing too ia!fo ~o: ;.
P . r , . , , ,
.. . gy -
S-; , -