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1IUI,IIIEI WEEKLY, AT IIOAOLI U , OAIIU, HAWAIIAN ISL VIS.
J. J. JARVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1811.
NEW SERIES, Vol. 1. No.
ip ig ip ib -a: 0 i
Fur the Potyncsit.ri,
EVENING REFLECTIONS. ,
'is evor ,.g now, a moonlight vernal eve, . ,
And d wsy nature sinks into rcjxtse ;
'' mt h w their roving, men their c ares now loavt.
In shi thrso lose their pleasures, those their wws.
it ah t while, thus ereation's wrapt in sleep,
Anl a I to Morpheus consciousness resign ;
J ty, are thorn not who painful vigils keep,
Who till witli toils and griefs ne'er cease to pine
I is thus at length, when evening shades prevail,
When all has yielded to the sleeping hour,
hen iiiught is heard save Philomel's sad tale,
Vau'it hut the torrent murmuring through the liower,
i l.ve tu wander in the stilly eve,
lonc where Nature's sympathizing sadness,
i i melaacholy silence seems to grieve,
nd hy aside the daylight smile of gladness.
I ', ve t hring loiig-gone-hy days around me,
Vhei home and iViendship hith were far more dear;
I (ah! they leave me as they have not found me, -Once
!n-y delighted, now they call a tear.
.i 1 thin hy moonlight om-e I loved to wander,
I ml ye!i' to feelings of more gladsome tone ;
H t friends were nearer then and loves far fonder,
They di.ired my walks, hut now 1 walk alone.
I therea cure for melancholy sadness,
A sovereign halm to heal the wounded heart 7
! te'l me rather of relief for madness,
)r, want may soothe the aching conscience smart !
Ilowlulii, April 2-ith, 1311.
SEL EC T E D.
'rain tht L'tica M.tqazoie and Adnwatc.
0 A R 1) PLA Vl N(i.
, A SKETCH K 0 11 TRUTH.
' Early in life's young days
Let each unsullied youth,
Seei" wisdom's peaceful ways
And walc the path of truth :
There streams of purest, pleasure flow :
There honors bloom and virtues grow.'
ight hud throw n its sable pall over, and
mess reigned throughout the beautiful
ige of N . Not even the faint glim-
ing of one lone star was allowed to linger
i he scene, and the rain pattering down
ily upon the stone-paved walks, served
to Minder the night, one fraught with a mel
a:!( iioly gloom. The midnight hour was
llu :e, and from one, and only one half-cur-tui'd
window a pale light sent out its flicker
ing beams. But why was this? why were
ii- l the inmates of that abode, like those of
ih rs, stink in the sweet slumbers of rest?
W. re some of its unhappy tenants suffering
uh er the raging influence of disease the
fill er or mother, who for many successive
'.:i 's havo toiled for the welfare of those de
(.' '(. lant upon them for support was the spir
it c either, we enquire, about to leave its
mhly tenement, and wing its flight to a
no Id unknown? Or did there a brother or
sHtt;r languish, while affectionate friends kept
in. itly vigils around the bed of pain? In
.-, .vi-r to these inquiries, I have only to say,
iliii disease was there, and "near unto
dr'i'.h," too; but it was not the physical con
M.tution upon which it was preying.
l our young men were there seated around
a t i bio, above which was suspended a lamp,
u hose sickly light bound them as with a spell
their eyes, weary with continual watching,
w.-ru fastened upon each other with j"alous
at l suspecting looks; for oh! they are en
!ji ued playing, and that) too, with gaining
Is! No conversation passes between
t!i ii, and not a sound was beard save, now
ii ! anon, a half uttered oath of the loser, fol
low. ?d by the ill suppressed exultations of his
m ;e fortunate companion. As each game
a - finished, another forthwith commenced
i !t a full determination that it should be the
I ; until at length, one of them stopped and
I' 'ling his head forward rested it upon his
h i - ds.
Without, the night-storm raged with in
'"iscd violence; but within was a more
idful tempest, rolling its blackened wave
the sickened soul tho cards were held
lightly within his hands, and with a kind
indifference, ho seemed to hesitate,
sine," said two of them, "deal out, why.
vou keep us waiting." As this question
asked him, he pressed his hand for a mo
it upon his feverish brow, where miirht bo
ti- i ed indications of qualities, capacitating
hu i for it more noble sphere than that of a
M iester; and then throwing tho cards upon
tlio table, ho arose and addressed his compa
nions. Calm, solemnly and stately ho stood
before them, with the sincerity and resolution
of his soul pictured upon his features his
voice, which was at first tremulous, became
strengthened, as the consciousness of the
propriety of his course became impressed up
on his mind.
"No," .said he, "too long already have we
thus played, and for one, 1 am now determin
ed to sever the fascinating chain that has
bound me. Night alter night has passed like
this, and now let us pause and reflect. 1 )oes
a thought of the time thus squandered, afford
us pleasure or satisfaction? Have we been
benefited either in body or mind? Let our
sunken eyes and throbbing temples answer
lor the former, and our vacant and wander
ing thought's for the latter! Are we aught
more exalted in our own estimation? If so,
why do we feel abashed and stricken beneath
the searching glance of virtuous respectabili
ty? Do we honor or respect each other?
iNo! we too well know tho dishonest means
which attend our course, to honor or respect
those who employ them! On the contrary,
how much might we have gained what a
valuable jun:l of knowledge might we have
acquired, had we nightly employed the time
thus waited; worse than wasted in this, as I
long have thought, unhallowed and detesta
ble courso! Nor is this all; but the practice
is one which opens a door to every species of
vice, and are we certain that we shall not en
ter? We are not; and hence, let us this
night resolve, that we will never again touch
those detestable things; for it is by proceed
ing in this manner, and by this alone, that we
can avoid these necessary yes, I repent it
necessary evils which follow, and slum dis
grace, ruin ai d despair!
When lie lmd done speaking, two of the
young men arose, expressed their approbation
of his language and avowed their willingness
to adopt his resolution. The fourth kept
back though ho saw truth in what his com
panion had suid, yet he wished not to deny
himself the privilege of sometimes engaging
in this aniusinivnt, uh he was pleased to 'call
it; and again, there was something of too
solemn a nature in the vow, which hi:? com
panions had made in presence of the All-seeing
Eye, for him to join them with impunity.
Years have passed since that night in which
those three young men girded on an armor to
protect them from the many temptations and
allurements ever effered at a gaining table.
They are now respectable men, holding pub
lic oflice, and possessing the confidence and
esteem of the community in which they re
side. But where is the fourth ? Look within
the gloomy walls oftiie State's Prison of Ohio,
and "see that emaciated form and haggard
face, which bespeak the workings of a mind
resembling "the troubled sea when it cannot
rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt!"
Ask the wretch what brought him there, and
he will point you to the gaming stand. "It
was there," he will say, "that 1 took the first
step in my career of vice it was there, I first
learned to practice the aits of deceit, and it
was there, too, that three of my companions,
who had become convinced of the inevitable
consequences which would result from such
a pract ice, besought me to leave it as they
had resolved to do; but their entreaties were
unavailing, 1 trusted in my own strength to
avert those evils; but alas! you see that it
has failed me, and here I am; a miserable,
a ruined being!
Header, do you frequent the gaming table?
If so, read the above tale ottnlh, and reflect.
Compare the course und ntta'u incuts of one
party, with the career and degradation of the
other; and choose you, this day which course
shall be thine; resting assured, if honesty,
industry and uprightness are jour choice,
you will reap a beneficent reward; while on
the other hand, if you are still disposed to
follow on in the course which vmi are now
pursuing, you will be caught in ihe snares
which are spread around you, and precipitat
ed into a labyrinth of wo! Listen, then, to
the voice of reason, self-interest and duUf,
"repent, now, ofthis thy wickedness, "and im
plore (iod to help you within the pale of mo
ral rectitude, where the bright halo of peace
will ever be around your uund!
Oxford, January, 1812.
The fiovernor of Panama is employing the
soldiers in making a good wagon road across
the isthmus. The fiovernor is superieid
ing the work in person, and has engny M the
services of an eminent French enginet J
The following extract from Abbott's Letters on
Cuba', may perhaps interest our coffee agriculturists.
We commend it to their perusal :
We must not omit the description of the
process of preparing coffee for tho market.
The extent of a coflee estate varies from one
hundred to three or four hundred acres, but
most usually, we believe, is about two hun
dred that is, about six or seven cabalcr'ws,
a cabaleria being about thirty acres. In
forming a new estate from the forest, of
which , the original growth is very heavy and
luxuriant in the more fertile soil, tho trees
are felled and left dying upon the surface,
and the coffee plants are set out among logs
and limbs, and leaves, which are considered
to supply a good" manure for coflee plants;
and the collco is so much greater on a new
estate, that a strong inducement is held out
for bringing new estates into cultivation,
even though the market price is so reduced
as to afford little or no profit on tho cultiva-
I tion of an old one. To this circumstance we
are inclined to attribute, in part, the long
continuance of the surplus production and
depression of the price of this commodity.
It is well known that the price has been fall
ing for a number of years, and is so reduced
that a poor estate will not now pay the ex
pense of cultivation; and a middling one will
just reimburse the proprietor his incidental
expenses for supplies, without yielding him
any rent, or any profit on the cost of his ne
groes. It is true, that every commodity goes
through a series of fluctuations, the periods
and extremes of which vary very materially
in different ai tides, according to the period
of time requisite to increase or diminish the
quantity produced, the liability to be affected
by the varieties of season, or the changes of
lasnion or Habit, or the spirit of speculation.
The period of production, in the case of the
coffee plant, is three years; this being the
time from 'the planting of tho seed to the
gathering of a crop from the plant. The
quantity produced in the world is, therefore,
likely to go on iilcreasing annually, for two
or three years afler the price is so reduced
as to offer no adequate motive to extend the
cultivation; for the plants already set out will
not all come to maturity in a shorter time.
Add to this, that the planters go on incresiri"
the quantity of the product, long after the
reduction of the price, hoping for a rise.
These two causes would operate to prolong
the gradual depression of the price for a long
period,' and to reduce it to a very low point!
When we consider, therefore, the additional
motive above mentioned, for bringing new
estates into cultivation, the very long contin
ued, and, at present, very great depression
of price, it is not surprising, notwithstanding
the actual increase in the mean time of the
amount of the demand, and in the actual
The plants are perennial, and in their wild
state grow to the height of eight, ten, or fif
teen feet, according to the strength of the
soil, and have a little resemblance, in this
state, to our wild black cherry, when young,
though the top is less bushy. The cultivated
plants are set at a distance of about live feet,
in rows and squares, and are kept down to
the height of from three to six feet, by pru
ning, so that the berries may bo within the
reach of the negroes to pick. The estate is
laid out in squares from twenty to fifty rods
in breadth, separated by alleys, some thirty,
and others not more than ten feet widema
ny of the wider ones being bordered with a
row of palms, oranges and other trees, most
ly for ornament, though some of them are
useful; the palm branches, for instance, sup
plying a material fur covering the roofs of
the billed or negro huts. Many of these
avenues are truly magnificent, and one may
gallop through them, on one of the brisk lit
tle Spanish horses, about sunrise on bright
mornings, a thousand times, without becom
ing weary with their monotony. Scattered
about among the coffee-trees, are the plan
tains, which grow to the height of twelve or
lilleen feet, sending out a few broad leaves
at the top, which hang over in the manner of
branches, four or five feet; and on the top of
the stalk of tho plant is suspended a cluster
of fruit, resembling in shape and sisc mode
rate sized cucumbers, hanging to the number
of twenty, thirty, fifty or more, on a pendant
stem of between two and three feet in length.
This is gathered by cutting down tho plant,'
tho stalk of which is left on the ground for
manure, and the fruit supplies food for the
negroes, with the addition only of a irw!l
quantity of jerked beef, brought fron .
Ruenos Ayrcs, or herring, pork, or co i
from the United States. This plantain i
simple, nourishing, and delicious food, i
the production of it is one of the grcates t !.
gradients in the wealth of Cuba. An e e
of the dimensions we have mentioned v II
contain from one hundred and twenty tc . v.-.
hundred and forty thousand trees, besic i
pasture or porlrcro for the cattle, gai.'.-.i
plants for the negroes, a small square in . .
for fodder, and a small picco of forest, ut nm
corner of the estate, to shade the nurscr. !
young coffee trees. This patch of forest,' m
tersected with avenues, and consisting ,f
state of luxuriant growth, is not tho 1 i i
beautiful part of the estate.
A coffee estate, with its lime hedges i
tho borders, its avenues of palms, orar -and
various other trees, the names of wl o !l
we forget, with its whole surface white ill
the snowy elllorcscence of the colTcc-tree m
the flowering season, with the scatter!
broad-leaved plantain laden with its trcasi. i
oi uencious lruit, in all the various eta " :
from the blossom to ripeness, is an Elytnu
landscape ; but the occasional chiding, thn : t
ning voice of the driver, and the sound oi
the lash, remind the spectator that it is no' :u
all respects a paradise.
The coflee tree will bear, on an avcrai:. ,
for about twenty years; and as the plants ;n
renewed hero and there as they decay, i nl
do not produce until the thirdycar; onetei.tli
part of them is unproductive.
The product is from a half to three qu li ters
of a pound per year. The fruit is ci n
taint (1 in globular shells or husks, each .
which contains two of the berries 'such .
we tee them in the market. They arc pick !
from the husk when they turn red; the pick
ing season commences in November, and
continues until March. The fruit of the sain
trees does not ripen all at once; but the dif
ferent berries become fit to be gathered suc
cessfully; so that the same trees are pick 1
repeatedly, at different times, until all tl
fruit is gathered. The negroes pick the fn i:
in baskets, which, when filled, they carry :
their heads to the mill, or rather to the dry
ers, near the house of the planter, and tl "
huts or boheas all the buildings being usu
ally situated in a central part of the est at .
The berries are placed upon the siccadero- .
or plats, for drying, until they arc sufficient
ly ground and dried.
The dryers are formed with great car
and neatness, and cover from a quarter t
half an acre. They elevate the ground with
a bed of limestone, beaten to pieces ami
raised in the middle of the bed, so as to have
a gentle declivity, and surround the edges
with a wall of a foot" in height. This bet!
und wall are covered with a strong ccmen;
or mortar, beaten down with a heavy beetle
to render it capable of sustaining all chango
of weather. An incidental but important use
of the siccadorcs, is to fill an extensive tank
with water, to serve the plantation through
the season; as brooks, 1 may say they havi
none, and wells are rare, and sunk through
the stone for hundreds of feet in this part oi
the island. ? v
On the dryers the berries are kept stirring
lest they should heat. They are spread thin
or thick, according to the extent of the work?
which, as they have time, they extend from
year to year. ' ' '
When the coflee in the cherry is dry, they
rake it together in a conical heap, which
they cover from the dews and rains with sail
cloth and moveable roofs of palm leaves. ri
From the dryers, the codec in chcrry: is
removed to the peeling mill. This is an ocr
togonal roof (I speak of the one now before
me they aro variously built) resting on
eight posts, nnd terminating in a cupalo!
This roof, wliich runs high, is often the pleas
ant resort and building-place of large Hocks
The next process is to grind or crush the
berries under a stone wheel of about five
feet in diameter, revolving in a circle, -precisely
like that of a bark-mill in our tanner
ies, being moved by a yoke of oxen, or rafyui
frequently a couple of mules or horses, driv-!
en by a boy. Jis business is sometimes rnb
notinous; and we recollect a negro at Re
serva (an estate of Mr. N. Fellow es) ' whose
employment was driving tho mules, who took
advantage of the liberty his oflice gave him,
to make a noise, and enlivened his labor and
encouraged his mules bv amort of chant nr
recitative, which he kept up for half the tim
MM?isr lo musHO, and ccU-lnnting every nici-