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The mooting ol'lhn Hawaiian Total Absti
nence Union took jlaco, an nnnouneod, at
the Seamen's Chapel, on Tuesday evening1.'
lksidc the members, there was present a
numerous audience both of residents and
strangers. Wo were gratified to perceive
so largo an attendance of ladies. Their 'co
operation in the cause of temperance will be
verjbcneficial. Moral suasion from fair Hp
cannot fail of convincing any man who has
remaining in him any particle of a soul. The
Kxercisos went olf, very well, particularly
the singing, which was spirited and appear
ed highly to gratify the numerous tars who
were present. The contrast between their
weather-worn but happy and sober counte
nances and those of their brethren who fre
quent the misery vending shops of the
publicans, was very striking, and an unans
werable argument in favor of their cause.
The reading of the Cascade alforded no
little amusement, and altogether was fpiito
creditable to the authors, who we are told
aremeinbors of the Union.
Wo arc not without life here of a New
Wars' day if we can judge from the merry
calls of youngsters before early day-light
and the crackling of crackers. Our hosts
of the Mansion House added not a little to
the pleasure of the day by a handsomely
provided lunch,' which wa3 well attended by
their numerous friends.
T JMO P () L Y 'N E S P A-N .
The cession of the Supreme Court at La
liaina is now over, and His Majesty may be
expected here in ten days.
ly the Columbia, from the Oregon, wo
learn of the arrival of 1,'J00 new settlers
from the States. Jt is rumored that the whole
body of settlers entertain the idea of estab
lishing a government independent of the
Other matters have heretofore interposed
with our intention to give a brief outline of
the life and character of the late Governor
of Hawaii, whose death wo were called upon
to notice in a recent number. Although his
life was not one of stirring incident, yet
there arc some points in it worthy of note.
Ho was the sole survivor of the iron-hearted
chiefs that constituted the household of
Kamchamcha I. The last branch has now
dropped from the decayed trunk. The stern
old chieftain has Ijecn gathered to his fath
ers. His generation have passed away, and
in these islands, we shall never again be-
hold their prototype. ( Vet in their day, they
were of essential service to their nation and
to form a correct estimate of them, they must
be thrown back to the times in which they
bore so conspicuous a part, and to the then
character of the people over which they
were called to rule. The present age is
one step beyond 'them, but they prepared
the way. They united isolated, hostile
tribes, breathing mutual hostility, living up
on rapine and war, into one peaceful, consol
idated kingdom. . Under their auspices good
order, protection, justice, commerce and re
ligion grew out of the chaos of heathen pas
sions. They prepared the structure in
rough for the finishing chisel of successors
more enlightened, because possessing great
er advantages of knowledge and experience
with the Christian world.
Although the general caste of character
ol the old chiefs received a common impres
sion from the state of former times, there
were traits in each which were more partic
ularly their own. efore commenting upon
those of Kunkini, we fdiall first give an out
line of his political career. When quite a
voiith, in compliment to the President of the
United States, flic cognomen, of John Adams
was bestowed upon him, and by that name
lio is most generally known. Adams's fam
ily, descended from tho royal house of Muni,
was ono of tho most distinguished and
powerful of the reign of Kumehnmelm, and
ptdl retains its preeminence. Kccaumoku,
bis lather, was a tried friend of that monarch,
'md ono of the principal promoters of his for
1unos. Hcing of prodigious personal strength,
his valor powerfully assisted Kamehan.eha
in securing the entire dominion of the group.
In battle he slew with his own hand the legit
imate king of Hawaii, Kiwalao. He was no
less distinguished in the cabinet and Kamc
hamcha promoted him to tho rank of chief
counselor. 1 fis eldest son and heir wa3 of
the same name, but better known as (iov.
Cox. Kaahumanu, the, first Premier, ICala
kua (Iloapile wahine) and Namahama, all
three of whom were wives of Kamchamcha,
were his daughters. Ami at the present
time in default of any heirs beyond tho pres
ent king in the direct line from Kamchamc
ha I, the heir presumptive to the crown is
his great grandson. So that tho Adams
family, in whatever light it is considered, is
of importance, second otdy to royalty it
self, and htill has left a numerous collateral
branch, in tho children of Kinau and tho
present premier, neices of Kuakini.
Adams's first ofiice of importance under
Kamchamcha I. was that of captain of the
ordnancB at Ouhu. Upon the King's last
return to Hawaii in 131.3, he was raised to
the rank of counselor. Immediately after
the death of the King, Kaahumanu. made
him Governor of Hawaii; his original charge
was limited to the district of Kona. In 1330
Jie further appointed him to the governor
ship of Oahu, which otlicc he retained until
December, 1831, when he returned to Ha
waii. Adams's administrations were vior
ous and effective.. Knergctic in action, but
reserved in manners, he assumed to himself
much responsibility. It was diliicult to se
cure his confidence in matters of council, as
he relied much upon his own judgment.
Kv.cu those who lived near him many years
were never able to form that intimate ac
quaintancc with him, his views and plans of
operation that most missionaries enjoyed
w ho resided in the vicinity of their respec
tive ruling chiefs. His character was em
inently that of reserve in making known his
policy. While in Hawaii, being remote from
the seat of government and the influence of
other chiefs mostly assembled around the
King, he acted in a great measure indepen
dently of them, and sometimes contrary to
their opinions. Ho may be considered in
the light of a conservative of the old school,
much attached to tho ancient system of gov
ernment, and only yielding to the now order
of things, when the force of public sentiment
and the authority of his superiors forced up
on him a partial compliance. His acquain
tance with tho Knglish -language, and his
thirst for knowledge, gave him a superiority
in general intelligence, over most of the
chiefs of his raid; and afforded him a better
insight into the nature of things than others
attained. This superiority it would seem
ought to have ranked him among the first to
embrace tho reformed system of govern
ment; but in his view, it foreboded the future
subversion of what he much prized, arbitra
ry authority, and consequently the diminu
tion of those' facilities for aggrandisement,
which had all along been tho great ambition
of his life. Ho was more enterprising in
deed than other native rulers, and many of
the objects w hich claimed his attention,
such for instance as tho building of church
es and the making of roads, were intended
for the public benefit ; yet in most of his en
terprises, his aim was to accumulate proper
ty. Hut be was correct in his business
transactions and a man of his word. As
j early as 13 J3, he lived at Kailua, in a good
I style for that period, in a small wooden two
story house, the first erected on tho Island.
His habits of living then were a mixture of
civilization and barbarism. Ho usually,
though not always went clad with garments,
kept a regular establishment of servants
and soldiers, Site at a table and slept on a
bed when at home. When entertaining for
eigners, his meals were served after the civ
ilized fashion, though very much in the man
ner it is done, on board a ship. Ho was from
the first a regular patron of schools, sending
out scholars as teachers upon his numerous
lands, as fast ns Iho missionaries would teach
them to road, and directing his head-men
to furnish them food and kapas at the ex
pense of tho land. He was uUn u regit
lar attendant at church on the Sabbath, and
though he remained several years an unbe
liever and was fond occasionally of caviling
at tho the truth of the scripture, ye t he was
never an open opposer, and set his people a
good example in encouraging them to attend
likewise upon preaching. He has been the
great patron in the erection of almost all the
permanent church buildings on the Island,
and of some of them, ho was at the solo ex
pense of their completion, over and above
what could be done by native labor. This
may more particularly be remarked con
cerning the stone chapel at Kailua, and for
its expensive finish, as well as its many
glaring defects, he bore the solo responsi
bility, without consulting the taste of his
It was about the year 18'23, that he be
came a member of the church. Althou-ii
he continued a member till tho day of his
death, yet he did not shine as a Christian to
the degree of some of his contemporaries,
who have passed away before him. His
pastor considered that ho was swayed by
too many worldly influences, to always main
tain a satisfactory Christian walk, and his
love of gain often led him into dubious acts,
from which his Christian friends would have
dissuaded him, had bo consulted them in
time. lut his taciturn policy, and his con
fidence in his own judgement, seldom led
him to advise with his religious teachers,
and naturally created a reserve on their
part respecting ollering that as gratuitous
which might be disregarded. With this ex
ception, his private morals were regular; he
was free from the many low vices which too
often taint the savage character, and was on
the whole a faithful magistrate.
Gov. Adams was the first man of his na
tion who ever learned to read. Long be
fore an alphabet of his native language was
formed, he had obtained sufficient knowl
edge of the Knglish language to speak and
read it with tolerable facility, although ho
never attained to the more diliicult parts of
the language, so as to understand tho most
finished works in English literature. The
Hiblc was the book ho understood best.
He was fond of reading newspapers, but said
ho could not comprehend the meaning of
many words, but a story simply written was
well understood by him,
Kuakini has left a widow but no children.
Leleiohoku, the present Governor of Ha
waii, is his adopted son and heir. His ago
was 55 years.
tiiwui iiwmqjijjiijMMP mu.m.wmiini.
IX SUPREME COURT OF HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
John llicoiin, Liquidating Acf.nt or the
Estate or French and (Jhkknhav, plain
tiff in F.nnon, vs. Richard Chaiu.ton, de
fendant in Eunon.
Laiiaina, Iloutfu of Gov. Young, )
December, 30th., 1811. $
Court convened at 10 o'clock, A. M. Present,
His Majesty, Kamoh.uueha III, President, and Pre
mier Kukaiiluolii. Judges Paki, Knnaina, Kapona
L. Andrews interpreter.
Ilis Majesty announced that the court was open
ed fur business.
Mr. Ricord in ti low words stc ' . d that the cause
was before the court in a printed document and
that he did not propose to argue the caso nnv far
ther, unless it might bo necessary to rebut any tiling
said by Mr. Charlton.
Mr, Bastian, counsel for defendant, snid that
thcro was a discrepancy between the summons and
tho day of trial at Honolulu, and handed into tho
court a document which ho stated to. he. his entire
defence and which was read by Mr. Andrews. '
ilis Majesty presiding over tho court, paid ho
would take into consideration tho p iper handed in
by the defendant, and that the case would bo deci
ded in June next.
Wherefore tho following resolution w as ndoptcd:
"That MoioininiL tilKf, to the King and
Premier for consideration, and report thereon ut
our next session at Honolulu.
(Signed) V. KANAINA,
Court adjourned at 11 oYh.ik,
Picture the Inferior Juduks at Honolulu.
December ICth., ult. Wheeler, charged with
passing three brass pieces for gold. It was proved
that Wheeler olio red the pciccs.at Manuel's, who
informed him that they were bad and refused to
change them, Wheeler next proceeded to the wife
of Manual and got $12 in exchange. Judges fined
Wheeler under the Hawaiian Statute, Chapter 31st.
section 4, three dollars for one 36. t
SCP" To Correspondents." Rumor" is thank
fully received. .J
The Meterological Observations" for Honolulu,
1H44, by T. C. 11. Rouke, M. D., will appear as
soon as possible. ..-
Latest Dates. ' ' ''
From London, Sept. IS; Paris, Sept. 17; United
States (New Orleans) Sept. 14; (New York) Sept.
15; (Boston) Sept. 14; Mexico (San Bias) Nov.19;
Society Islands (Tahiti) Nov. 23; China, Aug. 26.
Per Columbia Rf. Rev. Mr. Blanchet, bishop
of Philadelphia; Rev. Mr. Perkins and family; Dr.
liabcock and fimily; Mr. Gever.
Tlirtlu The lady of D. P. Penhauow, Esq.,
of u son and heir Dec. 2!)th, 1M44.
FOR THE PORT OF HONOLULU.
A R R I V E D.
Dec. 31 Hudson Hay Co.'s barque Columbia,
Duncan, 2U days from Columbia River; for London.
Sailed from Columbia River, in company with tho
Columbia, a Belgian Brig for this port. Tho
Chcnamus, hence, had arrived.
Jan. I Am. whale-barque Newton, ,
New Bedford. Lost captain. Put in because tho
crew refused to prosecute voyage.
Dec. 2S Am. brig Ontario, Kelly; Valparaiso.
Am. whale-ship Charles Frederick," Allen; cruise.'
Dee. 30 Mexican sch. Julia, Leidersdortf', Cali
fornia. Dee. 31 U. S. brig Perry, Payne; Marquesas
and Society Islands. Tho Perry replaced her fore
mast, while lying in our harbor.
ON THURSDAY, the 23d day of Januarr
.SfcU&'iext ensuing, at 10 o'clock, A. M., I shall
Fell at Public Vendue, to tho highest bidder, the
British BRIG EUPIIEMIA, with her sails, apparel
and furniture, levied upon pursuant to execution
issued at the Court of Admiralty of Oaliui '. :
It. BOYD, High Sheriff.
Honolulu, Dec. 25th, 1841. 4w
Y E. k. H. CRIMES, on the tnnitt ronnnnnU
terms, the following articles, viz : -
tuns Russia IRON : 4 do. Swedes do.; '
tons (icriuan STEEL; 1 ton Cast Steel j
JU. SHINGLES ; 5000 ft. Columbia River PINE:
Hhale BOAT; ,
bids. ROSIN, aud Vi. bids. TAR ;
tons hoop IRON ;
casks BREAD; . .
doz. Cane-Scat CHAIRS; 3 do. wood do. do.,
ft. Oak BOARDS; anno do. do. PLANK i
doz. BROWN STOUT; . '
doz. ALE: -loo bids. CASKS; ,
Manila and Hemp CORDAGE; ' "
eases pegged BOOTS; a do. sewed doit 'w r
Kciilh-iiicn's Riding SADDLES and BRIDLES;
doz Turkey red DDK FS.; '
doz. Madnn do. ; 40 doz. Scotch plaid do.i .-:
case Mosihcto NETTING;
case Furniture CHINTZ ; Jan." 4. ".
To be Let, ; i.
finUE ROOMS over tho Store lately occupied
jj hv ueorge M. Aloorc. t or particulars, inquire of
Jan. 1. E. & H. GRIMES. '
Flour and Salmon, , , .
TTUST received by the Hudson Bay Comnany'B
H barque, and for sale by their Agents, GEORGE
PELLY and GEORGE T. ALLAN,
1C0 bids, fresh Columbia FLOUR; . .,
3 IS bbls. salted SALMON. ,
Honolulu, Jan. 1st., 1845. . '.
BY GEORGE PELLY and GEORGE T. AL
LAN, Agents of tho Hudson's Bay Company,
on very inoderafo terms :
Very superior old Sherry and Port WINE, in bottles;
Teneritlb Wino, in quarter casks and bottles; .
An English painted Room OIL CLOTH, 20 ft. by 15;
A few casks of superior COFFEE. . Jan. 4.
For Sale at this Office, : 1 '
4 FEW COPIES ONLY, of the "Average
ivk. Apjustmknt in thk cask or Amkhicaw
Hhioantink Lafaykttk." Government Prcs,
Honolulu, 1844. Price 25 ctf. (tf) . ' J4
A LL persons indebted to, or having . demands
u. against, the Estate of His Excellency, J. A.'
KUAKINI, deceased, are requested to present their
accounts to the undersigned, for settlement. ' '
JOHN II, '
Honolulu, Dec. 28, 1844. G. P. JUDD. t
O na men nin nku a mo na me a aie niai a pau I km
wsiwai hooilina n ka Mea Ilanohano J. A. KUA
KINI, i ka lima i make e helo inai lakou ia maua
hoopomqionu. JOHN II,
Honolulu, Dek.2. 114. (if) G. P. JUDD-