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T JI K 1' O I, V N E S 1 A N .
we look down into a dark and frightful
chasm, walled up on cither side by rocky
Muffe, and one is struck with the sensation
that he has come to the jumping-oll-placc.
But by taking advantage of a small ravine
which breaks through this wall, he winds
his zigzag way down the steep to the bottom
when he finds himself in a narrow walled up
channel, in the middle of which it requires
an elevation at an angle of at least 45 to
reach the summit on cither side by a straight
line. This valley contains very few tracts
of alluvial bottom and of very small extent.
In proceeding onwards one makes his way
up the steep on the other side to an equal
elevation, and after a few miles down he
goes again into the bed of a small stream
emptying into the former, the blufls along
which are less precipitous than those of the
former. This valley also contains but a
small amount of alluvial bottom of inferior
quality. .After proceeding up this .valley for
some miles, we mount tip again to a still
greater elevation and at length descend to
the bed of the Snake river.
The elevated regions arc exposed to cold
piercing winds, and are covered with a very
thin and stinted growth of grass.
(Remainder in our next.)
" Madame. I had the honor to write yes
terday to your Majesty, in older to demand
an audience in the name of the rear admiral
Iliunelin, by whom I am dispatched to you.
Having received no answer from you, I send
the letter that the admiral has delivered to
me for your Majesty, giving you notice that
1 shall wait until 10 o'clock tomorrow morn
ing when I shall sail for Taipeite.
" It will, without doubt, be the last cn
deavcr for conciliation that the Trench au
thorities will make with your Majesty, and
it will be proved to all foreigners and all
the inhabitants of these Islands, that your
Majesty bus rejected all the advances made
by Trance to recall you to Tahiti, and re
instate your majesty in power.
" I cannot leave the letter that II. M. the
king of the Trench has written to your Ma
jesty, because 1 was formally ordered to
deliver it only to your own person.
4 I am, kc."
official joursat. of thi1 hawaii as
honolulu, saturday, march 8, 1815.
Translated from L'Oranic Franraisc of Jan. II.
Restoration of Protectorate Flag at Tahiti.
We have mentioned the different circum
stances which attended the voyage of the
steamer Phaeton to Ilaitca, having on board
a mission for Pomare.
On the arrival of the steamer at Papcite,
the chiefs there joined the French Govern
ment, and as is already known the unsuc
cessful endeavors made by Capt. M. Ilanet
Clery to induce Pomare to return to Tahiti,
were communicated to them.
The chiefs decided to send a messenger
to the chiefs with whom they were in com
munication, in order to induce them to join
the French Government, and to advise up
on measures which in the present state of
affairs ought to be adopted and at the same
time to assist in the restoration of the pro
tcctoral flag in the Society Islands.
The Governor also dispatched messen
gers throughout the Islands. Those mes
sengers were bearers of the particulars re
lating to the voyage of tho steamer to Itaia
tea, also of copies of the letters from M.
Hanet Cery to the Queen, and of that ad
dressed by Admiral Ilamelin to Pomare,
and finally with Gov. Rruat's dispatch, by
which he engaged the chiefs to visit Papeite
to attend a grand entertainment to be given
on tho occasion of the restoration of the Pro
tectoral flag. This last document also in
vited all the chiefs of the archipelago.
Wo now givo copies of the above commu
nications. First letter addressed by M. Hand Clery,
Chief of the (tut major of M. Jdmiral
Ilamelin, to the Queen Pomare, dated Dec
" Madam. Sent by Rear Admiral Ilam
elin, Commander iiChicf of the station in
Oceania, and of tho western coast of Amer
ica, to your Majesty in order to engage you
to come back to Tahiti.
" I have the honor to beg of you to grant
me a private audience. I nm charged in
his name to deliver a letter from II. M. the
King of tho French, to you in person. I am
also tho bearer of a letter from Rear Admi
ral Hamelin, in which he exposes tho rea
sons that should decido you to return to Ta
hiti, and put a stop to tho difficulties exist
ing between your Majesty and tho French
government, and to avoid tho misfortunes
that will arise in future, should you refuse
to comply with his request.' .
I am, etc., etc."
The bearer of this despatch not having
been able to obtain an answer from the
Queen, M. Ilanet Clery addressed a second
letter, dated Dec. 31, is 11, of which we
give a copy.
It was to the bearer of that letter and the
one that follows, that the Queen answered
in these words :
I shall not go to Tahiti, and I will only
listen to the propositions of the Trench Ad
miral in the presence of the Tiiiilish Admi
ral." Vupy of li-lttr of Admiral Hamelin to Po
mare. "Paitith, ath. Dec. 1841.
" Madam. The King 0f the Trench, in
whom you have confidence, and from whom
you implored compassion and justice in your
letter dated Nov. !), 13 13, has' been willing
to use indulgence and generosity towards
vour Majesty, and he has sent me" to Tahiti
in order to re-establish there the Protecto
rate of Trance, asked by you and the grand
chiefs by a deed, dated 9th. Nov. 18 12, ac
cepted the same day by Rear Admiral l)u
Petit Thouars, and "ratified bv the Kinr of
the Trench. Coptain Rruat, Governor of
the r rench possessions in Oceania, is an-
poinicu commissioner ot the King to you.
"lie has the command of the garrison
charged to maintain the Protectorate, and
protect the commerce and the foreigners re
siding in the country.
" All the property of your Majesty, which
is not necessary to the defence of the Island.
will be put at your disposal, and you will be
indemnified lor that taken. It is lor tho in
terest of the people whom you arc called to
govern that harmony should be restored.
"Too many misfortunes have already been
the conscquenco of the difliculties which
have existed here since your Majesty has
quitted the soil of Tahiti, and you would
render yourself responsible for all the mis
fortunes that may arise in future if yon
should not put a stop to them by returning to
" Now it is unnecessary to say that your
Majesty will be treated with all the respect
due to you, and that all the honors to which
you have a right will be rendered to you.
" It will be proper that your Majesty
should return to Tahiti in a Trench man-of-war.
I put at your disposal the steamer
Phaeton to bring you to Papeite with all the
persons comprising your suito.
"My presence can only be but short here,
urgent business calling me to the coast ot
your Majesty to return as soon as
possible, in order to proceed to the restora
tion. If against my expectations, your Ma
jesty should not return in the ship'l put at
your disposal, I should beg of you to trust
me with your eldest son, whom I would re
cognise as sovereign. Vour Majesty must
not depend upon the intervention of a for
eign power, you have no need of it and
Trance would not accept it. The execution
of the treaty of Sept. 9, 1312, is the only
mode of establishing between Trance and
your Majesty, the harmony which ought
never to have been disturbed. 1 regret so
much more that your Majesty is not at Pa
pieti, that I should have the honor to remit
you myself the letter of the King of the
Trench, by which he grants you his act of
high indulgence, which you solicited.
J give it to the care of Capt. Clery, my
chief of etat major, to whom I give charge
to deliver it to you, and to bring you back
to Tahiti, when your presence 1 am certain
will rcistablish pcaco and tranquility.
I am, etc., etc.
Tor true copy of Rear Admiral Comman
der in Chief of tho station of Oceania and
western coast of America.
Tor true copy, Clerk marine charged as
Sec 7 of the Gov. Jiot'Tr r .
Cony of the letter addressed by the Governor
to the ch'nfs and authorities of Tahiti, Vu
rea and other Islands of the group.
" Tahiti,. 5th. Jan. 184.".
" Salutations to you. I address you the
particulars of the unsuccessful endeavors
made by the Chief of the etat major of the
Rear Admiral in order to engage Queen
Pomare to return to Papeite, to re-establish
the Protectorate. 1 will warn you that I
am going to hoist again the flag of the Pro
tectorate as soon as the chiefs will be assem
bled, and that 1 shall remit the power that
the treaty grants to them.
" It will give me pleasure to have you
assist in the fete that I give on the titli. of
this month (style de Tahiti). On this occa
sion the Admiral and myself will let you
know the good words of the King Louis Phil
lipe, and the firm resolution of' Trance to
maintain the Protectorate. The next day,
Thursday the 9th. you ure invited to assem
ble in general assembly, I will give you the
assurance that all the past will be forgotten,
and that 1 have only the purpose to re-establish
amongst you, union and concord, with
out which the country cannot but be unhap
py, and the laws without vigor.
Salutations to you,
" The Governor."
A great number of chiefs promptly com
plied with the request of the Governor, but
at PapcnooMid Piapa.iuthe name ofTorito
na contrary to the desire of many chiefs the
dispatches brought by the messenger were;
prevented from being opened that an "an
swer should be sent to the Governor.
Outomi chief of Ponnaoia, sent an answer
by writing that he should not come. All
this happened before the 7th. of Jan. the
day fixed by the Governor for the solemnity
for the restoration of the Protectorate fla".
Honolulu, Oahu, March 4th, 1 343.
To lii Excellency ?
M. K KKl'ANAOA : )
Sir, Messrs. Judd ami Kicord, yesterday the 3d in
slant, immediately niter the Jury wus discharged, upon
Sir. Prowns utteinpting to nddicss the Judge, declared
1 1 1 (it ihe (Joint v;is dismi'vtd. The Judge told us in
open Court that whatever those gentlemen said was to
t i:ken ai coming from hiin. !uch being the case,
It it Court enn never he in existence attain. .
Now SMr, the Judge of lint Court having decided on
Friday the 'Mh ult . , that Jumes (J ray, our client, was
the I'luivlif an apeal, and evidence having heen pro
dined to show that the conduct of tho Interior Court was
contrary to law. justice and common sense, two-thirds
of the jury in the case (the requisite niimher according
to Hawaiian law) having in ohedienee to their oaths, os
horn".! men, found that the proceedings of the Inferior
Judges were informal, and consequently illegal, we now
request oii, as Governor uf this J.iiund, to cause the
twenty live dollars illegally tal.cn from our client, James
Crriy,'t'gether with the twenty-five dollars deposited for
the appeal, to I e paid to in, ns his Counsel, forthwith.
With the highest resject. we are your Excellency's
obedient servants, AHCH. If. GILLESPIE,
Lieut. V. S. Airinr Corvs.
A. HOHKKT MIX; AUDITS,
Sec. In Com . -in-Chief V. S Xuva! forces in these seat.
To His Excellency 31. K r. k v a n a o a ,
Governor of the Island of Oahu.
Taiutian Affairs. fl DM sloop-of-war Modesto,
hence, made the pussago to Tahiti in 15 days. Shore
mnined there 10 days, and then sailed for Valparaiso.
The U S hrig Perry arrived on the 2 jtii of January, went
inside the hurhor and saluted the Protectorate flag, which
was re-hoisted on the 7th. Admiral Ilamojin sailed on
the 18th of January, for Valparaiso. A French vessel
of war is shortly to come here, but the Admiral has post
poned his visit. On thu 20th the Corvette Emhuscnde
sailed for France. Among the passengers was JI
D'Aubigny. Late despatches have heen received from
France overl ,nd via Chili, but their precise nature has
not transpired. Since their reception all official inter
course has ceased between Consul General Miller and
the French authorities, on the ground as we understand,
that until the General receives his exequatur from the
Government of France in accordance with the usual rule,
his functions for Tahiti will not be recognised by the
Protectorate. The English Consular (lag has not been
raised, and the English war-ships hail not saluted the
Protectorate flag, so that it would seem the unhappy
dilforenees which hnvo so long existed between the sub
jects of the two nations, nro still kept alive. We give m
another place the letters or M Clery and Admiral Hame.
lin, to Pomare, with her pithy reply, for a translation
of which from the French we are greatly indebted to the
courtesy of M He Fienus.
On the 7th of January, at C o'clock AM, the troops
were reviewed by the Governor. At s tho French flag
was hoisted upon all the forts and ships of war, and .n
ltited with 21 guns from the ves.-ds und batteries. Su.
live processions, in which the young women prodiieed bv
their crowns of flowers and gaily imured dresses of tn.J.
"mi oH'ct chnrmant" passed through the sheets, ,ip
plauded by the crowd.
At 1 1 o'clock, in a general council of such chiefs as had
consented to meet the French uuthoi iti- s, ParaiU was
installed usHegent, und the Piolcc toiute ileclau d by the
Governor us definitely established. The Hay f the
Protectorate was immediately after hoisted at jov.
eminent Hotel, the hou.c of the Kegent, and upon a
number of vessels, and was saluted iron, sbi,, ,,,,,1 slor(.
with 21 guns. A banquet was then attended, prepare,!
after the former customs of the natives. Admiral I Inn,,..
liunndGov. Uniat, Commissioner to iho Queen, were
present, and the band of I.'l'rnuie frito played 'v, bile
the company were eating. As m.oii us this was termi
nated, heathen chants succee led to the musie, und
the remainder of the day was iilh d by a variety f native
games. At C o'clock salvos of mnH Wrro agm,, jr,.(
A ball given at the Government Hotel occupied the even!
ing. The house was brilliantly illuminate,! fr the occit
sion. Chiefs and Chicfeses, French and Finish ladies
Ihe officers of II 11 M ship Salamander and Mo.leste, the
French officer, and many others were present. Madame
Hruat (so says the French editor) was the queen of the
Some natives of influence supposed to bo inimical ,
the new government, hnve been obliu-o,! o. !..,.. ..
island. Matahiteroii has been condemned to perpetunl
banislynent. As many of the Chiefs io.iinn h.......
of the Queen and refuse to recognise the Protectorate it
ji-un-u mat miiuer oimcujues may arise.
The editor of L'Occanie Fmncais.. m.ru ,u...
the ,th there were two Fnglixh men-of wsr ir. ti. i...
nor, and that every body saw with jminthat they not only
abstained from saluting the flag, but hois,p, t,
in o rv,
Foht, Honolulu, March r.th, 1815.
(I'liiflrvicn. In consequence of your communication
of yesterday's date. I enclose a copy (with translation
n Hitched) of my decision in ihe case ot James Gray on
appeal, which decision was founded upon the verdict
of the jury. Having, for the information of your client,
eaised the original document to be sent "to Gcorgp
llrown. Ilsq. the U. S. Commissioner, and your fellow
counsellor in the case in question, I imagined he would
have communicated the same to you.
I have the honor to be vour oh'dt serv't,
(Signed) M. KKKUANAOA.
A. Jn.t.rspiE, Lieut. I'. ,S. Aliiriiiea.
A. U. I'ociAitni s, Secretary to tin? Commander )
t'.i Chief II. S. Xaral forces in these seas. )
U. S. Fhiome I'handywine )
Honolulu, Man.li 6, 1845. )
Sir. We have .pist received vour communication of
yesterday's date. The Court before which James Gray
fippenretl as plnintilf on appeal, was dissolved, as was
proclaimed by Messrs. Judd and lticord, the mouth
pieces of the Judge, consequently M. Kekuanaoa ceased
from that moment to exist as jiidge, find could give no
decision. The jury sustained our appeal. The paper
von sent Mr Prov.-n, and now to us, we do not acknow
ledge. We risk you, as Governor of this hlavd, to cause
the 450 belonging to our client, and illegally withheld
from him by the Inferior Judges, to be paid to us as
Counsel for Gray. .
We wish a positive answ cr from you whether you will
do so or not. With gicat respect, ur ob't scrvts,
Lieut. U S Marine Corps.
A. KOPKRT liOGARDUS,
Sec. to Corn-in-Chief U S Xaval forces in these teat.
His Excellency M Keki'anaoa, )
Governor of the Island of Oahu.
Fort, Honolulu, March 7th, 1845.
Gentlemen, in reply to your letter of yesterday, I have
only to say, that, after due consideration, I neither admit
your legal opinions, or your demand for the restoration
of the money. Uy me, the Governor of Oahu.
. -. r. T, M. KEKUANAOA.
A II Gillespie, Lieut. V S Marines,
und A R HooAnin-B, Sec. to Com in Chief i
U & Xaval forces in thac seas. )
His Excellency the Governor handod us the ahovo
correspondence, for publication. Really the effrontery
of those gentlemen in their dictation o the Judge, is
matchless. Their introduction to thcird'emaild is pre
ceded by a specimen of facetious play upon words which
is quite pretty and exceedingly apposite. It remains to
be seen whether the President of the United States has
among the other duties of .subordinate naval officers,
given them instructions to establish themselves at will
and where they please-ns a dictatorial tribunal to in
struct or terrify foreign judges into decisions in compli
ance with their views. The United States are second to
none in liieir honorable treatment of all nations, what
ever may P Uu jr comparative strength ; and at all times
when her officers have mistake,, their duly, she has not
failed very properly to notice it. As this Government
has been frequently charged with partiality to American
interests, nnd of I cing swayed by American influence to
the prejudice of the lights of other nations, we commend
to the attention of the representatives of England and
1-ranee, the fans connected with the late extraordinary
proceedings at the Court id" justice of this place, on the
part ol American officers, and let them-jude whether an
, ",c" "" I" unduly weaken the indepen
,,'"" ! judiciary. They may rest nssurred, how
f'ver, that this Government will strenuously and fear
h'l nsseit the proper jurisdiction of her Courts, and
l bat nothing short of absolute conquest will (.ot.rre them
HlV tn.m the only policy which justice and honor
The p.luco wan thrown' orVr77olhe soldiery on
I Imrsd.iy oyeni., who to the number of 300 with
hur onicers, pai.l tJl.ir r(.Rpectll to ia MajesfV(
w l,h ,0 reviewed them in tho presence of all
"'' Chiefs, fiom tho front of tho palace. They
"nt through their cxm-ise very creditably, and
Hinted the encomiums of some gentlemen recently
armed from Europe, who on that occasion were
looted f t)m, Majestic. The .fleet of the
"ray ami .an ,ivreH by torch-light was quite strik
ho palace will continue to bo opened every
The visit of th Chaplain of the Hrandywine (tho
Rev George Jones) will lollff he pleasantly associ
ated , this town with ono of the excellent moral
-forms ol the day. Tho cause of temperance ha
oen greatly aided ly his persuade eloquence and
"inning kindliness. Th v-:.. :
, - - "pirn upaiians nere rem-
11 R, Um,:!r "''lotions to the Rev. S. Damon for
Z y Proffi"iff him the ue of hi. pulpit
or evening (.crvioe in ,.,., '
"I tho Church, durin .
, oi me irigate. n
T U TrC f ,m,rh "li-fclion for them to
Men to a clergyman of their own faith. The cr
' ' 01 ,ast Su,,dy "ight. wm particularly solemn
mi.- -".in in matter and delivery.