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T II K VO'L Y N ES IAN.
country, that carry tho mind somo centuries
still further towards the flood. But the
events themselves even if substantiated be
yond cavil, are of too little importance to
become of historical value. They are
merely deeda of sensualized man, and tho
offspring moro of brute instinct than ra
tional forethought. A general type of char
acter pervades all savage tribes, and the
history of one is the history of all. Hence
knowing what savages were, in the wilds
of the known world two thousand years
since, we can come to a correct judgment
as to the career of tho indigenes 0f these
islands during the interval. Feuds and pre
datory excursions constituted their enter
prise; dances, songs and tales of an une
quivocally sensual caste, their social amuse
ments; wasteful and cruel sacrifices their
religion; superstjtious fears and desires
of physical ease and enjoyment their faith;
and the worst form of Asiatic despotism
without its splendor, their government. It
would be a libel perhaps even upon tho na
ture of the rudest savages, to suppose that
no gleams of a different order diversified
their otherwise unehequcred existence.
Humanity would have utterly sunk beneath
its load of vice and misery. Hut we find
that even here at times there arose some
chief of milder sway, some priest of gener
ous views or man of vigorous intellect, re
formers in their way, to whose voices the
nation listened, and whose influence ceased
not altogether with their lives. These served
from time to time to rejuvenate tho people
and to perpetuate upon' them the stamp
of men. Providence is patient and long
suffering before it gives over to utter deso
lation races of even the most rebellious
children. A torch lighted from the mine
of mind is often given them, which they
need but fan upon to kindle into a flame.
If its gleams are too transient it is because
they neglect to secure it and to call down
from heaven that fire which alone can spread
the blaze. It has so happened here. Among
the records of the past we see a'few spots,
bright but with a lambent flame; deeds,
of humanity, true affection, a few wise laws,
faint traces of heaven-born truth; but like
ignis fatui glimmering in tho wide and dank
morass of error and degradation. And it
is to be noted that these spots are all far-off;
they were of old; good kings and good men
were not recent, but superstition, slavery,
despotism, had steadily increased until the
common mind had become scarcely better
than paralytic. In fact heathenism having
destroyed everything else, was preying upon
itself. But Providence had one more cill in
store to proffer to these desolate islanders.
The white man with his much of evil but
more of good, came, lias he accomplished
hi mission ? We shall sec.
The late epidemic has carried off 101,
within three weeks, on this island. The
deaths throughout the group, have been, so
far as we can ascertain, about 400.
The following, from the North American
Review, of Oct. 1814, may afford some
useful hints to our tree loving friends. We
have supposed that tho manner of trans
planting in vogue here, by which tho younger
branches and roots are so much mutilated,
could not bo otherwise than injurious to the
tree, and it may account for the fact of the
poor success generally met with in trans
planting trees of a few inches diameter. It
has been found that very young trees and
even those from the seed or nut will in a few
years greatly outstrip in vigor and beauty
those of a large size taken from the valley.
"The operation of transplanting trees, that
have attained a sufficient size to produce an
immediate effect upon tho scene, has, in a
greater or less degree, occupied the attcn
tiou of every landscapo improver of eminence
r ability. Various are the means that have
been adopted for this end, and innumerable
tho expedients that have in turn supplanted
each other. So little success, however, has
in most cases been met with in removing
large trees, that it is often supposed by in
telligent persons to be of no uso to attempt
most delicate nicety is recommended, in the
work of rearranging the roots iu their origi
nal position in the ground."
ww.,!'!1 i i ....v.. uu- .....uvui.a, uiitmitu uuii iovcr, constipation,
cct 1 us labors seemed to bo just within nausea, .sore throat, kc. kc. It is an nil pre
ins leach. () into ....,.. i. . . i . . . . 1 .
wieiu epiuemic, and seemed to bo brought
on by a dry, hot .south wind, loaded, like the
sirocco, with pestilential effluvia. Almost
all business i.-t suspended. Meetings are
kept up, although very few are able to
attend. 1 drag about with relaxed system
and trembling joints, and with a head feeling
as big as Bunker Hill, though actually con
taining nothing but wind, or worse matter,
if one were to judge from its blow pipes.
Still 1 can't rest; my house is thronged
night and day , with poor coughing, wheezing,
watery-eyed, groaning and dolorous-looking
patients, each begging for one drop of con
solation from my old medicine chest. So
I stagger at it, aiul deal out about two hun
dred doses a day. But the disease is not
pense, it is material to add, is found to in
crease in a rapidly progressive ratio. Trees
ot about ten or twelve incites m diameter are
considered by our author as a medium size,
being easily manageable in removal, and
large enough to produce an immediate effect
upon the landscape, and to oppose sufficient
resistance to the storm.
"The roots of tho tree to be removed hav
ing fast been carefully laid bare to their mi
nutest extremities, the common. transplanting
machine, consisting of a strong pole mount
ed upon high wheels, is then attached to it,
and it is carefully pulled out of the soil.
Both the roots and branches are tied up for
fear of injury, and so balanced against each
other, that a nice equilibrium is preserved.
It is then removed with but little trouble to
the pit prepared for its reception. In placing
. 1 t 1 A 1 J A t A t . A
u in tno ground, me lormer position oi tnetree
in regard to the iveulhcr sulc is reversed,
that is, tho lee side, where its branches have
shot out more freely, and iu an opposite di
rection to the prevailing high winds, is now
ti tin Iiii'ihmI fmvnrita thorn, so ns to rnrrert
any irregular or side-long shape which they
may have acquired, and thus restore the bal
ance and symmetry of the top. The practice of
mutilating or pruning the removed tree is
condemned in the strongest terms, as almost
sure to prove fatal to us vigor; and me
Extract from a letter dated Ililo. April 3, 1813.
Our readers this way have had abundant cause to
Know the truth of the description given below.
it. It is often found, that a your.- tree from
ho nurscrv. whrn ,.is..,.i , 110,1
o ten inches in diameter, has Jiiot up so mud
more rapidly as in a very few years to be
. ... nam,, ? ucpcnd on causes so occult as
only to be discovered gradually, and bv oh-
kin 1 Vh n thn S, a .vcO' Peculiar We arc all sick at Ililo, pan loa, as tl
1 ave been , SJ , mins thcrc-c, natives say, aolc koo This is tmi tn
mvc been taken to insure sucecss, tho brio- in my family, in brother I f:ilv. if, ,
C7 'VV1-10 Particular, or the omission schools, and all the natives atfnr,!,..,! to
rcn u sh V,nJ ttivifl1 ' P1' A , Ba' " probably true of nine-tenths
12 m 1 , ,0"S ! 1 1U0k l',10n th w,,0,u arul '" P''"lil1v ninciccnicnlUths of the
th m c,ls?oupgl and baffled people of Hilo nei. The disease is the
t i , . i'.umh.i, mien me on- i.uiueuza, attended wan lever, constipation,
Miccossiul experiments have been made
abroad. 1 l0 knowledge that has been
brought to bear upon this subject, and the
degree of perfection to which the system has
now been carried, would scarcely be believed
by any one who has never lost himself in the
enticing pages of Sir Henry Steuart, of Al
lantion. His numerous experiments led him
to the adoption of a system, which ho has
given to the world in " The Planter's
Guide, "and which a distinguished com
mittee of tho Highland Society, alter a
thorough examination, declare to be attended
with complete and almost miraculous suc
cess. In several important respect, the me
thod of practice recommended by him differs
from any which had before been known.
But it appears to have been taken up after a
most patient and systematic scrips nf tvi-.U
to be founded on sound and obvious reason.?',
and to proceed upon a nice adaptation to the
habits and the demands of nature.
" Sir Henry Steuart begins with the asser
tion, that success cannot be expected unless
upon principles of selection, determining the
subject to be transplanted with relation to
the soil to which it is to bo transferred. The
soil and subsoil must be congenial to the na
ture of the plant, and tho species of trees se
lected must receive as much attention' as is
given by tho farmer in adapting his crops
to the soil of his farm. The condition and
properties of the individual trees arc also to
be nicely considered. It is well known, that
the greatest difference exists between trees
which have stood in exposed situations, and
those which have grown in such as are shel
tered. The stems of the former are always
short and thick, because from their un
obstructed oening to the air and light on
. cry side of them, they have not the same
impulse to shoot up towardsthc free air, which
is always so clearly observable in close
woods. Their branches, also, are thrown
out boldly in every direction, while the roots
beneath the ground arc exactly proportioned
to the vigor and hardiness of the tree above
it. Trees that have stood in unsheltered sit
uation will have acquired, therefore, by
their own efforts, thickness and induration
of bark, shortness and girth of steam, nu
mcrousness of roots and fibres, and lastly,
extent, balance, and closeness ot branches,
properties which admirably qualify them for
sustaining the risk of removal. When such
trees cannot be had, they must be made by
previous training to acquire these properties,
the treatment to which they arc subjected
being various according to the special quali
ty in which the particular tree is deficient,
but all described in " Tho Planter's Guide"
with a fulness and accuracy that leave no
possibility of mistake.
"Tho size of the trees that can be subject
ed to the process, of transplantation is stated
to be a mere question of expense. A largo
tree can bo removed with the same certainty
of success as a smaller one: but tho ex-
To THE I'lMToil OK THE POLYNESIAN!
Sir, I hear about town, rumors of re
forms to be made by the present legislature.
Among other things, 1 would suggest whether
the increasing numbers of the v ile curs that
infest our streets, barking and yelping the
live-long night, to the great annoyance of all
lovers of quiet and sleep, should not come
under their consideration. It can be easily
demonstrated, that these dogs so far from
being of the slightest use, are a great prac
tical evil to even their masteis, and a nui
sance to all lovers of cleanliness and gar
dens. Towns in the United States periodi
cally set loose dog-killers, and the streets
arc soon rid of the brute vagabonds. Here
unfortunately they are cherished by black
and white, Greek and barbarian, and iu
consequence have acquired an impudence
and strength of lungs actually intolerable.
Now as in many instances their masters
manifest for them a "aloha" equal if not
quite superior to any love they have for
anything of the biped creation, I would
recommend that all who show so sad a want
of taste and so little regard for the nerves
of their neighbors, be compelled to pay a
tax of at least $5 per annum for each and
every dog they rear and keep, and bo re
quired io put a collar with tho owner's name
upon it, around the neck of each and every
one. Such a law would undoubtedly di
minish the noisy brutes, test the relative
strength of tho "aloha" for tho purse or
dog, and put some funds into the treasury
for dogs some people will have at all events.
That the poorer people be able to indulge
their canine propensities within proper limits,
I would confine the tax to those who keep
dogs within the precincts of the town.
Away from it, and about the farmer's huts,
they may be even of service, and a light
tax would operate to prevent any one man
from keeping a legion.
On Hawaii and JMaui I am credibly in
formed that they havu become so numerous
and wild as to roam in packs, with wolfish
propensities, destroying great numbers of
lambs, kids, calves and poultry. To ensure
their destruction then, and to prevent them
from absolutely exterminating the useful
quadrupeds, a reward of so much a head
will be obliged before long to be offered,
if not by tho local authorities at least by the
farmers. The subject is certainly worthy
of the serious consideration of our legisla
tors, and for one 1 most zealously pray they
will give heed to it. Axti-Caxis.
irrimiirniT nw iiim iiiimhiiimb mimi mi
l A UTHO n I T Y.
Till! subjoined notice is published at the request
of Ladu & Co., to caution purchasers at tho up
proaching Sheriff's Sale. Purchasers nod have no
concern however m regard to tltu rights they may
acquire under any such sale, as the protest is in
tcmlcil to hold tlio (Government responsible for its
legality; and whatever d, images may accrue against
the Government, will in no wise u fleet the leal
rights of tho purchaser. The Government holds
itself responsible for u!l its acts in regard to that sale.
iCTNOTirrc. Whereas certain re nts and pro
parties belonging to ns, were Bold at Public Auction
on the (Uh and 'Jth days of December last, uud by
an advertisement in the last number of the ' Poly
nesian" newspaper, u further Palo is unnounced to
take place at Koloa, on tho 2Sth proximo; and
whereas said property and interests were sold and
conveyed on tho 17th of May,' 18-13, with the
sanction and under tho guarantee of the Hawaiian
Government, we therefore have protested airuiust
such intended alc, and hold the Hawaiian Govern
ment, M. Kekimnaoa Governor of Oahu, and tho
Shcrill" of Oahu, and all other person concerned,
responsible for any and all losses and damage a Ma
in: from said proceeding!!. LADD ii CO.
Honolulu, April 24th, 15-13. '
Appeal to a Jury from Decision of Inferior
Juilgit. Before His Exckllency the Gover
nor of Oahu. April 22 Wiley & Nichofcon .
Window Judgment of the Inferior Court affirmed,
r o ii
SlIU'l'I.NG I. T I : M,1C Ii NC'K
THE POUT OF HONOLULU
April IS Am. whnlc-ship Stephen, Copgswcll,
New Bedford 8 1-2 months; 130 Hp. Oil and oil
from Maui. J
April ID Am. whale-ship Cicero, HowlandrNw
Bedford. Off and on railed pan! day.
April 20 Am. whale-barque Rajah, West, New
Bedford ; and w hale ship Cndniuc, Tobcr, Fair
haven oil and on.
April 21 Am. whale-drip Bingham, Ehlridge,
Mystic 11 months; 1000 whale, 10,000 lbs. bone.
French whale-drip Orion, David, N. Zealand; 1850
whalo, f0 sperm, 18 heaiU bone damngo to rud
der, &.c. &e. &t.
April 22 Englis.li w hale-ship Mechanic, Gardner,
St. Johns, N. B.: to cruise.
April 2:1 Eng. Sch. Thotnaa Lord, Johnson,
Sydney, N. S. W. From outer roads Am. whale
ship Chariot, Luce; to cruise.
ON TUESDAY the 2!)th instant, at If) ak
A. M., I shall sell at Public Auction, to the
highest bidder, the unexpired Lvuxe if a certain piece
of Liuul in Honolulu, with lniililinn ami uppurte
iiiiiircs, the property of John Robinson, which
I have levied mi pursuant to nn execution issued at
the Court of Honolulu. Term on tho dav of nale.
R. BOYD, High Sheriff.
Honolulu, April 15, 1845.
AT the Storo on Mr. French's premises, the
following Goods, ex Hannah, from China:
Old Manila Copper; Pepper; Manila Cordagc;
Manila Hats; White and painted leather Faun;
Blue Lights and other Fireworks; Col'd Sarsnett
and Synchews; do. Levantines; do. Samiet lldkf.;
Blk Silk Hrikfs.; Scarfs and Randan (sashs); China
Matting; Manila Cheroot?. 4w apr 19 '
Dissolution or Copartnership.
riJlHE Copartnership hitherto existing and known
-H. as I1ALSTEAD & IIOYT, is tlri: day dis
solved. All debts, dues and demands, contracted
lor the benefit and use of tho above concern up to
this date, will bo settled by JOHN J. HALSTEAD.
AH persons indebted to the above concern, aro re
quested to make immediate payment to the nub
criber. JOHN J. IIALSTEAD.
Lahaina, Maui, April 1, 1815.
WRIGHT dr FIELD,
rALYTEHS, (ULI)EHS $ ULAZIKRS,
Will execute w ith ncatnes and despatch,
IIoise, Su.n, Ship, Coac h & Ornamental Paintiko.
JC'P'AII orders thankfully received, and puuetu
ally attended to.
Honolulu, April 12. tf
CI . M', VINCENT,
HOUSi: CA Ii PEJVTKH $ JOIXER,
MAS on hand, for sale 6000 feet clear No. I
I inch pine Plank; 12,000 feet No. 2, 1 inch;
I mi! i Lights of Sashes (ass'ri); .in pairs of Blinds do.;
!i paiiiulled Doors do.j 13 Door Frames do.; t Win
dow do. do.
Tj'Bi'ii.ihng mid Jobuing on reasonable terms, at the
Honolulu, .November 2, ml. tf
JONotice to Subscribers. oO
npilOSE who hi tend discontinuing thir subscrrp
JbL tions to the Polynesian for volume 2, com
mencing May 21th proximo, will oblige uUy argni
fying their intention previous to that date. To nave
trouble to both parties, those not hoard from on or
before the issuing tho last No. of the present vol.,
will be considered as subscribers for the ensuing
year, and their papers forwarded ns usual.
Polynesian OHice, March 2i). 7w
1Jnis- snperior Hawaii Salt Beef; 200ft
JP lbs. Tallow; tiOO Ids. Suet; for sale bv tho
Hoc eivers of the Estates of French & Grccnwav.
Honolulu, Nov. 30, 18-11. tf
C ANTON HOTEL.
f,?ir THE undersigned having taken tho premise
iMlflft-fornierly known as the "Warren Hotel,"
begs to assure the public that ho has spared no ex
pense in titling rip "the same for the comfort and
convenience of residents and visitors, and solicits a
share of the public patronage,
BILLIARD ROOM and newly fitted UOWLINO
ALLEYS attached to the premises;
Tho services of superior Chintte Coukf and
lfuitem have been secured.
Residents may. have their meals pent to their
homes, or pic-nic parties provided for at the shortest
BREAD and PASTRY mado at the establish,
ment, constantly on hand, and will be mipplied iu
any required quantity. HUNGWA
Am' 24. tf