Newspaper Page Text
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HONOLULU, 4PRIL 25, 1863.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT HONOLULU,
Abraham Fornander, .... Editor.
CHAS. k. BISBOF.
WM. A. ALDKICH.
BISHOP &. CO..
OlBc iw the Eal eoraer of Maltee's Block,' on
Kaahumiiwu ilrfft. Hoaolnla,
Draw BUU of Exchange on Messrs. Grinnell, Minturn k Co., New
Vork; Henry A. Peirce, Esq., Boston ; and ileum-.
Morgan, Stone tc Co., San Francisco.
Will receive deposits,
Discount first class business paper,
Attend to collecting, Ac. Ac. Ac. S-tf
W.A.AIdrirh. J.S.Walktr. S.CAIIen.
ALDRICH, WALKER & Co.,
Importers and Commission Merchants Dealers in General
Merchandise, aud Agents for the Sale ol Island Produce.
A cents for the Lihue, Metcalf, and Princeviile Plantations.
6 J fkily.
CHAS. H. IXXT,
H. A. P. CASTKK,
C. BREWER & CO.
Commission and Shipping Merchants.,
Ilonolala, Oaha, II. 1.
- eg M. Hood, New York.
Jamb Drmiciix, Esq.,
Cmail.es Batwck, Esq.. VBostnn.
H. A. Piaaca, Esq., )
Mbkos. McRtiafc Mxaaiix.
Chas. Wolcott Bkooks, Eq.,
Mtitas. Wm. Pistac fc Co., Hongkong.
Hum. Pkilb. Hemu fc Co.. Manila.
T. S. PRATT & Co.,
Impoktebs asd Wholesale Dealebs is
WINES, SPIRITS, MALT LIQUORS,
TOBACCO and CIGARS,
HONOLULU, S. L
EEFER B T PER MISSION i O
Messrs. C. A. Williams k Co. Honolulu.
Wilcox, BicHABDS fc Co....- t
C. Beeweb 2d, Esq., M
A. J. Cabtwbigbt, Esq.,.
J. D. Ricbabjw k Soss, .Boston, U. S.
H. VVebsteb fc Co, San Francisco.
J. Spaldiso, Esq., Jsalem, C. fa.
MELCHERS k CO.,
Importers and Commission Merchants
AGENTS FOR THE
HsSnburgn-Bremen Fire Insurance Company;
Kaiwike Sugar Plantation;
Tobey Sugar PlantaUon, j WICKE
GUST. C. MELCHERS, F. A. SCHAEFER,
JANION, GREEN & CO.,
Fire Proof Buildings, Oneen Street,
HOXOLIXU. OAHU.S.1. 52-tf-
B. F. SNOW,
DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
ilonolala. Oaha, H. 1.
TOU BOLT c- TH" HECCE.
Vott HOLT & IIEUCK,
General Commission MerciaHU,
MoaoIala.Oaha.S. I 35-'f
II. IIACKFELD & CO,
General Commission Agents.
Iloaolala. Oaha, II. I.
C. BREWER 2d,
General Merchant and Agent for the sale of the products of the
Brewer Plantation. 1 y
A. S. CLEGHORN,
Dealer in General Merchandise, Fire-Proof Store corner Kaahu-
manu and Queen Streets, opposite Makee s Block.
Also, Retail establishment on Nuuanu Street, above King.
53" Island Prodace bought and sold. Island orders carefully
attended to. '
A. S. GRIIYBAUM & Co.,
Importers, and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
FASHIONABLE CLOTHING. HATS, CAPS,
BOOTS and SHOES !
And every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnishing Goods.
Store in Makee's Block, formerly occupied by Yt. A. ai
drich, Esq, fronting on Queen street, Honolulu, Oaha.
WHOLESALE & RETAIL ItHRCHANT,
Importer of China and other Goods; dealer in Sugars, Molass
es, Coffee, E, Fungus, fce. On King street, next door
to Messrs. Castle k Cook. 4Sr
DEALER IX VIXES. SPIRITS, ALE & POUTER.
Land Agent to His Majesty.
Oflre i ike Kias'sGardea, Beritaala
WHOLESALE PEALEB IB
WINES and SPIRITS. ALE and PORTER,
ear Ike I'oat-Offire. Hoaolala. ftf
c. a. lewess.
J. O. DICKSO".
LEWERS & DICKSON,
L13IBER and BU1LDIXG MATERIALS
Fort Street, Hoaolala.
SAZVX'X. H. DOWSETT,
Wm farnUh Building Material of every description, t low
Orders from other Islands aolicited. Yard on corner ol
Fort and Queen streets. -.
D. If. FLITNER,
CONTINUES his old business at the new ators on
" Kaaburoaaa street. .
Chronometers Rated by obserraiions of tbe
stars with a transit instrument accurately adjusted
to the meridian of Honolulu, ramcuiar """'"7
given to Ob watch repairing. Seitant aad (iuao
rant glasses silvered and adjusted. Charts and
Nautical instruments constantly on band and for
R. E. WAZEMAK,
Contractor of Building and Jobbing.
t3T ALSO-Wheelright. CarTe Making
aing street, uonoiiuo, vppvsiK
TQOS. G. THRUM
Stencil Cutter, Copyist and Onil
meutal Foil Letterer.
Fort otreei, oPii(e the O 44 FelUwo Hall.
II. W. SEVERANCE,
AXD COMMISSION MESCH.i.YT,
Fire-Proof Store, Robiaaoa'a Baildiag,
QUEEN STREET, HONOLULU.
Will continue business at the new stand. 40 tf
BOLLES & Co,,
$3r Office in Ka&humanu i- reet, opposite the Bank. "Va.
ParticulLr attentiua 'paid to the purchase of Hawaiian Pi o
duce. Refers by permission to
P. F. Stow, Ejo, , Messrs. Aldrich, WalkkbACo.,
Mesrs. C. A. Williams To Messrs C. Brrweb k Co.
M- - rs. Castle k Cock, Messrs. II. Hackfkld fc Co.
M- rs. 1. f. Watebmaa Co. Messrs. Wilcox, Rich aeds k Co.
Honolulu, V' rch !, lstEI. 46 y
M . Y. LUDINCTON,
(Succ-siior to F. S. P&ATT fc Co.,)
lirH)KTLR AND WHOLESALE DEALER IS
WINES, ALES AND SPIRITS,
50 tf Foot of Kaalinniaua Street.
SHIP C HANDLER,
DEALER IX GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
Island Produce, fcc, Ac.,.- and Commiptifln Merchant,
BYRON'S SAY, ZIZLO,ZX.Z.
Will keep constantly on hand, an extensive assortment of every
description of goods required by hips and others.
tC- The highest price paid for Island Produce.
gr Money advanced for Bills of Exchange at reasonable
rates. 41 tf
OFFICE, Southwest corner of Washington and
THE l'DERSIGXED ARE PREPARED TO
issue 'Msrine Insurance Policies," each being responsible
for the sum w: itten on the Policies against his own name only,
and for himself and not for others or any of them.
George C. Joussos,
V iluam E. Uarhox,
Jamks B. Hagqis,
J. Moba Moss.
ALDRICH, WALKER fc CO., Agents,
Honolulu, H. I.
BREAD AND BISCUIT BAKERY,
CORNER QUEEN & RICHARD STS.
OX HAND AXD FOR SALE, FRESH BAKED
Pilot and Navy Bread ; Soda, Sugar, Butter and Water
Crackers, in any quantity and at the lowest rates.
Parties providing their own flour will have it baked up on the
lowest terms. Ship Bread rebuked. 49 9m
xz. zrccxzrcirxiE &. son,
BAKERS AXD GROCERS.
East corarr of King mad Fort Streets. 38
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURER!
Hotel Street, between Nuuanu and Mauna Kea Sis.
GEORGE W. BROWN,
02 8- OFFICE COURT HOUSE, UP STAIRS.11 tf
Chas. F. Guillou, BI. D.,
LATE SURGEOV L'XITED STATES XAVT
Late CoaaalarPbyaieiaa to America a Senior a,
AND GENERAL PRACTITIONER.
OFFICE corner cf Kookumanu and Merchant HrttU
Residence" Eden House," southeast corner of Chaplain aud
fcj- Office hours from 11 A.M. to 2 P. M., at other hours
inquire at his residence. 20-tf
B. F. EHLERS,
DEALER IN DRY GOODS, SILKS, &c.
FORT STREET, HONOLULU.
ALIEN U BERRIII,
GEORGE W. MACY,
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shipping biiw
ness at the above port, where they are prepared to fur
nish the justly celebrated Kawaihae Potatoes, and sued
recruit, as are required by Whale Ships, at the shortest
notice and on tba most reasonable terms. tl
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
AND DEALER IN
XST Ships supplied with Recruit and money advanced on Bills
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
8 AX FRAXCISCO.
TIIF' UVDERSIGNED having beea appoiated
"gouVor the above Company, beg lave to inform the
public Uiat they are now prepared to issue
MAIUXE IXSIUAXCE POLICIES
On cargo, freight and treasure to all k C0.
Honolulu. Aug. 21. lL 17 tf
mnr PROPRIETOR OF THE MER-
T"L-;Exch"nV Hotel beg. to Inform the Public that he
has erected two superior .
MARBLE BOWLING ALLEYS !
those I'htolto wijM that nothing
to pire him a call, the ST his Alleys the most
shall be wanting on J"n(, uscment in Ho-
agreeable place of resort for recreation anu go tf
Old Copper and
-OIRCHA8ED AT THE HIGHEST MARKET
X price, by
C. BREWER k CO.
TJURCHASKD AT THE HIGHEST MARKET
J? prices, by ALORICH. WALKER fc CO.
CHAS. WOLCOTT BROOXS, W. FBA5E LADD, EDWaBD P HALL, JR
CHAS. W. BROOKS & Co.,
128 SANSOME St.,
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL
XV Particular attention given to the purchase, shipment anl
sale of Merchandise, to forwarding and transhipment of gooU,
the chartering and sale of vessels, the supply-ing of whaleshi,,,
and the negotiation of Kxchange.
JQr EXCHANGE OX HONOLULU in spots to suit.
ADVANCES MADE OX COX I L XMEXTS.
B. F. Sow,
C. Rrbwbr U. Co
Ai.nsicH, Walexb It Co .
II. Hackfrle &, Co.,
Jmti Humiiiwill, , ..... ..... ...
HlXST A. PlIBCB,
Chas. Brcwcb, .....................
Thatkr, Drigiiam & FlELO ,
Sl-rron k Co.,
Swift & Alle.i,.. ......... ..........
D. C. McRUER, J. C. MERRILL.
McRUER & MERRI1J.
AGENTS OF THE
REGULAR DISPATCH LINE
- Particular attention paid to forwarding and transhipment of
merchandise, sale of whalemen's bills, and other exchange, in
surance of merchandise and specie under open policies, supply
ing whaleships, chartering ships, etc
117 and 119 California-street,
SAX FRAXCISCO Cal.
Messrs. D. C. Watkkman tc Co.,...
" V. Bitwti k Co.,.
Capt. B. F. Ssow
A. P. Everett, Esq.,'..
Messrs. GiLMAif k Co.,
B. Pitman. Esq.
RICE Sc Oo.,
Shipping and Conimission Merchants,
SHIP CirATJTJT.T'.RTT.S, &c,
"TriLL ATTEXD TO THE nlea of Nlerehnn-
1 T dise, as also to the purchase and shipment of all kinds of
Goods exported from that country. Mr. RICE is the Commer
cial Agent for the United States at that port, and having already
resided there for about fire years, is enabled by his acquaintance
with the country, to offer many advantages in the discharge of
any business that may be entrusted to their House.
Wm. T. Coleman fc Co., ..
JOHS H. ALDRICH, Eq., ....
I. Howlakd, Jr., c Co.,
Charles Sctdder 4c Co.,
A LUES Sampsom, Esq.,
Richard 1. Ricb, Esq .......
McCosdrt 4t Co.,...-
C. Wolcott Brooes fc Co.,..
D. C. Waterbas A; Co.,
Aldrich, Walker k Co., ...
..........San Francisco, CaL
...............Honolulu, S I.
Victoria, Vancouver's Island.
Messrs. Aldrich, Walxer k Co.,
Mr. James I. LHiwsktt ... -
Uoatoa, I . S. 35 tf
IfJ- Referto R. W. Wood and C. Brewer 2d.
WM. FAULKNER & SON,
131 SAX SOME ST., SAX FRANCISCO,
1 OEXT FOR JAMES COXXER & SOXS, l S.
A Type Foundry,and Dealers In all kinds of Printing Materials.
E7- Printers will And it to their advantage to call on us be-
ore purchasing. B ly
SUGAR AND MOLASSES !
TOW COM IXC IX, AXD FOR SALE BY
MELCHERS k CO.
I SELL NO OTHER BUT MYER'S
Fresh Mololrai Butter!
R.mlRrlv received and constantly for sale by
37- Kegtuany rec tKWAVMm Grocer, Hotel Strree.
TTAS 1COXSTAXTLY OX HAND AND OFFERS
H for sale, a complete assortment of FURNITURE, and U
prepared to fill all orders in bis line promptly and at reasonable
prices. wm. FISCHER, Cabinet Maker,
4fi Iy Hotel Street, near the Theater.
English Scythe Hooks.
Trur Rerclwed rx Gnlllel" w Patent Se the
Jr-'bes, .rticl. for cutt.irever yeUm ported.
On the Wbart
. , riv-K wr Kjutasra' a few more of those
T.tOnp.!ret?.h.nd ind.spensable. double
thread Sewing Machines.
Pnr .aIa bv
C. BREWER fc Co.
Cement! Kaolin! Pipe Clay!
EX RADL'GA. For aale ay
C BREWER k CO.
VERY LARUE and choice aaaortment of
HOUSE PAPER AND BORDERING!
. 1- . rlslAi1 altM. few
rorsaic tobIIOLT HEUCK.
at THIS OFFICE, TUB FIRST VOLUME
FRr.L JaiTa. R.orts , 5p r,.lD many of the most
r of tne H1'". niinas of the Superior Court ol
12 Feet Square.
booting at 500 yards,
Eley y Ammunition
OF EVERY DKSCtUPTION
For Sporting or Military Purposes.
DOUBLE Waterproof Central Fire Cnp
Felt Wadding to prevent the leading of Guns, Wire Cart
ridges for killing game, Ac, at long distances. Breech Loading
Cartridge Cases of superior quality for Sh'.t Guns and Rifles.
ContraeUrt to the War Vefxtrtmentur Small Anu
Jacob's Rifle She; T ;bes. Cartridges and Caps for Colt's, Ad-iin-i',
and other Revolvers.
Enfield's Ammunition, and Hall t'urtrllj;es
for Wl 'tworth and Henry's Rifles, also for Westley Richard's,
Terry's, WilMjn's, Prince's and other Breech Loaders.
BnlMs of uniform weight made by eomprexxion from Soft
Z1ZY BROS., Gray's-Inn-Road, London, W. C.
12 y X& WHOLESALE ONLY.
SAUCE LEA & PERRINS'
TO BB TUB
ONLY GOOD SAUCE
Every Variety of
Extract of a Letter from
a Medical Oeutlemau at
Medras, to his Brother
Worcester, May, 1S5I :
"PVU Lea k Perrins
that their Sauce is highly
esteemed in India, and is,
in my opinion, the most
palateable as well as the
most wholesome Sauce
it that is made."
ZiTJA & PERRiriS
Beg to caution the public against spurious imitations of their
tST" L. & P. have discovered that several or the Foreign
Markets have been supplied with SPURIOUS IMITATIONS, the
labels closely resembling those of the genuiue Sauce, and in one
or more instances the names of L. A P. forged.
L. k P. will proceed against any one who may manufacture
or vend such imitations, and have instructed their correspon
dents in the various parts of the world, to advise them of any
infringement of their rights.
ASK FOR LEA & PERRINS'S SAUCE.
, Sold Wholesale and for Export, by the Proprietors, Wor
cester; Messrs. CKSE k BLACKWELL; Messrs. Barclay
and Sons, London ; Ac, Ac; and by Grocers and Oilmen uni
versally. 86 ly
COORZR & GUAGER!
ffA I REMOVIXO HIS BUSIXESS TO fT
his new cooperage on the esplanade. Fort Ijf
Street, takes this opportunity of returning Ji
his sincere thanks to his friends and the public iiv -erai, lor
the support and patronage which they have -- pleased to
grant to him for tJ-e past ten years, and hopes that by attention
to business and promptness in the execution of all orders intrust
ed to hiiu, to merit a continuance of their favors. 1
begs respectfully to inform the
public, that, in connection with
his Blacksmithing, he will here
after carry on the
In all its various branches, and
requests a share of public patronage.
All work guaranteed. Prices to suit tne times.
SMALL Invoice of
For sale by 36lf H. HACKFKLD k Co.
Felting for Ships' Bottoms !
TX ROLLS OF 5400 SQUARE FEET.
J. For sale by
von HOLT fc HEUCK.
Instructions oil the Piano
PIANOS TUNED & REPAIRED!
QtJ TAF2S, and all other Stringed Instruments.
App'y CHAS. DERBY,
29 tf Royal Hawaiian Theatre.
rjHIK rXDERSIGXED, AOEXTS FOR Mr. R. W.
A Meyer, Moiokai. would inform the public of Honolulu that
the favorably known
"MEYER'S DAIRY. BUTTER"
Can be procured at RETAIL ONLY, at the stores of
Mr. JAMES STEWARD, Hotel Street, and
Mr. S. SAVIDGE, Fort Street.
Where this Butter, acknowledged to be
Th.8 very best on the Islands -
Will always be found fresh.
46 3m VO-.HOLT 4c HF.UCK.
JANION, GREEN & EHODES !
Victoria, Vaneonver's Island.
N. B. Particular attention paid to consignments of Sandwich
Victoria, V. I., January I, 18G3. 46 y
To Sabwrribera to the Faad for the Relief of
the Distressed Operatives of Laaeashiro
aad aeigaboriax C'oaatiea.
SUBSCRIBERS TO THE ABOVE FUND ARE REQUESTED
to pay the amount of their Subscriptions into Messrs.
Bishop k Co.'t Bank. A subscription paper will also be left at
same Banking House, and also at Messrs. J anion, Green k Co.'i
Office, for those who may wish to contribute.
W. W. F. SYN'GE,
W. L. GREEN,
VicTOBtA, T. L, January 1st, 1363.
MR. HEXRY RHODES HAVIXG BEES AD
mitted as a partner in our firm, the style will in future
be J anion, Green fc Rhodes.
From the London ltmet Dec 26.
It is said that the famous Aarchbiahop Duns tan
suggested to King Edgar the ordinance prohibiting
the establishment of more than one alehouse in
each village. We do not nad that ev?n that med
dling ami fanatical prelate went so far as to recom
mend the total suppression of the traffic in liquor
in any place where two-thirds of the inhabitants,
in u tit of penitence, might pass such a resolution.
The idea of thus interfering with liberty has been
reserved for t:e present century, and is defended
on the purest democratic principles. In a memo
rial presented last Toesd iy to the Home Secretary
by a deputation of the United Kingdom Alliance
the right of the people to protect themselves
from the consequences cf the sale of intoxicating
liquors" h laid down us on axiomatic truth. This
right is to be exercised, cot by voluntary absti
nence from strong drink, but by making others ab
stain from it. The licensing power is to be trans
ferrcd from the hands of the magistrates to those
of "the people, for whose conveniences tha licenses
are granted.' In other words, a majority of fwo
tliirds in a meeting to be convened in each parish
is to have an absolute veto on the existence of any
pulilichouse or beershop within its limits. It was
not until he was pressed by Sir (i. Grey that one
of the members of this deputation conceded that
the veto might be annual, rather than final, and in
any case the " two-thirds" are to mean two-thirds,
not of the inhabitants, but of ' those voting."
The state of blockade thus to be proclaimed is
called " being exempted from the operation of the
provisions for licensing the sale of intoxicating li
quors," and the power of proclaiming it is claimed
as though it were a necessary safequard against the
tyranny of the Executive. As it is, wealthy
landowners" may insert restrictive clauses in leases,
or stipulate on the sale of land for building pur
poses that no publichouse shall be erected upon it,
and the memorialists argue that what a private
proprietor may lawfully do ino.;rectly may, a forti
ori, be done directly without injustice by a whole
neighborhood. They call upon the Government,
therefore, to " recognize the earnest desire of the
people" by introducing a comprehensive mea
sure," of which this sweeping provision shall ba
the main feature.
It is certainly not because these doctrines are
new that we have given them this prominence.
For years past this well-meaning agitation has been
going on, and at every meeting of the Social Sci
ence Congress papers have been read advocating
the very legislation which would please the United
Kingdom Alliance. There has been an attempt
in more than one great town to make the "Perniis-'
sive Bill" a party question, like tbe Maine Liquor
Law in the Lnited States, and. it has been openly
maintained that it will not do to wait till " the
distant day when the passiveness, interest, or ig
norance of a great part of the nation collectively
shall be overcome." The sin of drunkenness must
be put down with a strong and arbitrary hand, and
a " higher law" must override the scruples which
jurists or statesmen might entertain on the subject.
With men of this spirit practical difficulties are as
nothing, and we fear Sir George Grey did but
waste bis breath in showing that "the elL-ct would
be to drive people to obtain liquors in a way which
would be more objectionable than the present one;"
that, as the plan could not be carried out consist
ently, " the creation of a monopoly and the pro
duction of bad and dear beer" must follow from it;
and that the question really is, what is practica
ble?" Logic is lost upon people who believe that
their first assumption is so supremely and eternal
ly true that it will support any conclusion. This
is exactly the position of these gentlemen, and
they make no secret of it. The speeches at Tem
perance meetings and most of the Temperance pub
lications are entirely devoted to the proof of the
truism that drunkenness is the greatest curse of
society. The apostles of total abstinence demon
strate with superfluous cogency, and illustrate with
an overwhelming parade of examples, the almost
self-evident proposition that drink causes more
idleness, crime, disease, want, and misery than all
other vices put together. They quote from the
charges of criminal Judges, from the writings of
philanthropists, and from the confessions of re
formed drunkards, to persuade us that it " creates
seven-tenths of our pauperism, two-thirds of our
lunacy, and one-half of our disease and premature
death." Let us grant all these startling assertions,
and admit, too, the still more incredible paradox
that it " entaiL a yearlyu loss of not less than
100,000.000. sterling upon the inhabitants of the
United Kingdom," what then ! The natural in
ference would surely be, that as all these evils, ex
cept the last, result from the abuse of a thing
which reason and experience show to have its legi
timate use, we should do all in our power to check
the former and develop a habit of self-restraint
which will be sat'sfied with the latter. There is
no lack of disposition to promote both those ob
jects. The law does do something to put a stop to
drunkenness, and by placing a large class of licen
ses under magisterial control provides some securi
ty for such houses being well conducted. If a plan
were proposed to give greater stringency and con
sistency to this power of regulation as, for in
stance, by limiting the hours of traffic in liquor
still further, or making the penalties for infringing
the conditions of a licence more certain, or insti
tuting a better surveillance over beershops the
Alliance might count on a favorable consideration
of it by every sensible man. But their pretensions
go far beyond this. They claim our sympathy for
their successful crusades against excessive drink
ing in which, by the way, they have had tbe aid
of all the religious and moral agencies in the coun
try and yet they tell as in the same breath that'
they are powerless to combat it, unless they are
armed with legal authority to make it impossible.
They despair of getting laboring men to.be mod
erate in their potations, and so they want to confer
on a mixed majority of Teetotallers and contrite
" victims of intemperance" the right of cutting
off the temperate minority from access to a glass of
Of course it never occurs to advanced Abolition
ists to consider what they are doing when they in
duce their diciples to put themselves and others
into leading strings. If every fermented liquor is
pernicious to body and soul, it is worth any risk
to debar people from tasting it. But if it be Dot,
as most of us believe, may not the very effort in
volved in making a proper use of it be a valuable
piece of education? A man who has taken the
pledge and keeps it may be superior to an habitual
drunkard, but is be equal to the man who needs no
such protection against himself? Suppose the
same amount of persuasion and influence that
would be required to get a vote of this kind carried
and renewed for several years to be expended in
increasing the attractions of home and rational
amusement to the working man, and in fortifying
him against temptation would the result be less
valuable? Moreover, in this case do violence
would have been done to tbe rights of others, and
the strong would not have been ruthlessly sacrific
ed to tbe imaginary interests of the weak. Tbe
best proof that the temperance party themselves
feel tbe force of this consideration is the common
assertion that drunkenness is scarcely to be called
a voluntary habit at all, and mast rather be treat
ed us an epidemic to be repressed by exceptional
measures. This is a view which wa entirely repa-
diate, as well as the assumption, which usually
goes with it, that the supply of beer determines
the demand. Nothing can be more gratuitous
than to infer from the fact that the evils of intoxi
cation " are in proportion to the cumber and ex
tent of the licensed publichouses, spirit vaults,
and beershops," that these are the cause, and the
love of drinking the effect. It may -well be tho
other way. and it is quite open to any one to think
that the taste of the consumers should be reformed
first, and the publican's trade curtailed afterwards.
Not that the real objection to interference in this
case depends on any such question. That objection
was fairly and clearly stated by Sir G. Grey. It
is founded on the sound principle that a majority
cannot justly be deprived of freedom of action in
their private concerns by the will of a minority.
No law is higher than the law of individual liber
ty, and no reasoning is worth much on a moral
subject that puts in issue i!.e policy of placing
human nature in a state of probation at all.
It has become a habit with Englishmen, especi
ally in the colonies, to take for granted the inca
pacity of the French people for colonisation. This
supposition is entertained by many who freely give
credit to that higfminded nation for enterprise,
skill, and courage. An opinion was expressed by
a distinguished member of the Legislative Assem
bly of this colony, that the Latinised nations of
Europe were not only far inferior to the Anglo
Saxon, German, and Scandinavian races as colo
nists, but almost destitute of colonising ability.
And notwithstanding the world-wide memorials of
Portuguese and Spanish colonisation in the East
and the West, that opinion passes current with
many. It is, therefore, but justice to the French
nation to take note of the ascertained success of
their great experiment in the colonisation of Alge
ria. Though commenced with a display of phys
ical force not in keeping with the humanising ten
dencies of modern international morality, and
marked by occasional deeds of the St. Arnauds and
Pellissiers, more relentless than the recognised
laws of war sanction, the rule of the French in
Algeria has been attended by results which must
be regarded, in a cosmopolitan light, as highly sat
isfactory. As the prejudice with which French colonisation
has been viewed, rendered the English somewhat
incredulous on the subject of Algerian progress, a
good service was lately rendered to the cause of
truth by Mr. Caird, M. P., who visited that colony,
and afterwards described, before the Royal Agri
cultural Society of England, what he had seen
there. Algeria stretches along COO miles of the
Aiediterranean, and is inhabited by 3,000,000 of
people, of whom 2.10.000 are Europeans, ' the re
maining 2.750,000 being composed of Arabs,
M jors, and the remnants of those races, Numi
dian, Phoenician, and Roman, who of old possess
ed that country. The city of Algiers contains
100,000 inhabitants, and is becoming a favorite
resort for the Europeans, who Beek, in a milder
climate than their own, to escape from pulmonarj
disease. The prosperous town of Mostenegama,
overlooking the sea, contains 20,000 inhabitants.
There are, according to Mr. Caird, 34,000,000
acres of good cultivable land in Algeria, that is as
much as in England, of which 5,000,000 are culti
vated, leavi g a very wide soope for the extension
of agricultural colouisation. 10,000,000 acres are
occupied as pasture land, and 12,000,000 acres are
overgrown with dwarf palms and underwood. Of
tho land under cultivation in 1861, they were
:,uuu,uuu acres ot Darlay, or twice as much as in
England. AierA lies between the 34th and 37th
degree of north latitude, and is said to be well fit
ted for the production of cotton. Its capabilities
for the culture of olives, wines, oranges, and a
large variety of valuable products, have been al
ready tested. One of the moi gratifying proofs
of the improvement made it the country under
French occupation, is that the great plain of Me
tidijah, which lies near the city of Algiers, and
extends fifty-six miles in length, and twelve in
breadth, once regarded as "the grave of French sol
diers," has, through the energetic efforts made for
its drainage and cultivation, become a healty dis
trict. The artesian wells which French engineers
have sunk in the very desert, causing new oases to
grow in spots that have been desolate by ages, and
making the wilderness rejoice and blossom as the
rose, furnish still more surprising and attractive
proofs of the benefits derived from this national
It is true Algeria has been far more costly to
France in the way of military expenditure, in the
drain of men and money, than any British colony
has been to our mother country. But then it must
be remembered that it has long been the policy of
Franco, and under the present dynasty is more so
than ever, to maintain for political and interna
tional reasons a large standing army ; and the ca
tion may as well sustain that army in Algeria as
at home. Among the objects perseveriogly pursu
ed by the French Government in Algeria is the ao-
quisition of a large supply of the best Arabian
horses for the cavalry of France.
The recent offer of the Empercr Napoleon to
give 10,000 acres of good arable land to a cotton
growing company, shows that be is determined to
make use of the present crisis to forward the in
terests of that colony. And since the commercial
advantages flowing from free access to all the
shores of the Mediterranean are added to all the
internal resources of Algeria, it is evident that the
French occupy there a position of great importance;
of which both the ruler and the people have the
sagacity and perseverance to avail themselves. N.
Z. Datly Southern Cross, Sept. 13.
Female Society at tiik "Whitr Hocsx. Wash
ington correspondence of the Boston Journal says :
The inner circles of what may be called the
Presidential society have always been the subject
of much comment and gossip among what may be
termed the outer circles. Thus, Mrs. Abigail
Adams, wife of President John Adams, wrote as
follows of Mrs. Washington : She endears her
self to all. Not by what she is so much as by
what she is not, and makes up by cordiality the
short-comings of an early education." In turn,
Mrs. Adams was commented upon as follows, in
one of the private letters of the day : " She is
prim, cold, and possesses too much mind for the
very little heart that hardly seems to beat under
her Uffeta gown." By the aristocracy of Virgin
ia, Mrs. Madison was called the Quaker widow,
and gentlemen were " too fond of her society" in
tbe common parlance of the day. The banners of
Mrs. Monroe were "too much of the French
schoo..." and it was asserted that the niece of Gen.
Jackson (who presided over bis household) " bad
no manners at all " Mrs. Ilarvison left the White
House before her manners were developed and
while the first wife of John Tyler was " too old,"
the second was " too young." Mrs. Polk " wore
shawls and turban" as well as paste jewelry; Mrs.
Taylor " did not receive ;" Mrs. Fillmore was
" deaf ;" Mrs. Pierce, sad and afflicted, "never
laid off ber mourning ;" and Miss Lane was
" spoiled by being told that she resembled Queen
(XT The captain of a whale ship, in allusion to
the severity of the climate and various privations
suffered by the inhabitants of Spitsbergen, told one
of them that he sincerely pitied the miserable life
to which he was condemned. " Miserable ! ex
claimed the philosophic savage, " 1 bare always
had a fish-bone through my nose, and plenty of
train oil to drink. What more could I possibly desire?"