Newspaper Page Text
THK GARDEN ISLAND.
SHIPPING AND MAIL
Forestry in Public Schools
Regular Mail leaves Lilute on
Rc-mlar mail arrives from llono- garden movement promoted i n utilized, he a source of comfort, will lie accomplished depends
lulu Wednesday and Friday morn- Hawaii hy Professor MaeCaughey beauty, and even profit to the largely upon the ingenuity of the
nig. miring ' sugiir season man is . .
fremientlv sent and brought bv aml llK'rs'
steamers ma ing extra trips
tween regular mail days. On days
wlii'ii llii. ro:ist m:iil i lilt
mail boat due on Fridav, will lav i under the above title, ought to gestions and directions by which a pils whereby thev shall voluntarily
over and come in on Saturday , r,Uv of tm-nt interest in this Ter- school niav establish and care for assume the duties of caring for the ;
(In connection with the school cessfully grown will, if wisely during this time. Just how this
the following extracts school or community for years. teacher and upon local conditions. ;
be-! from Farmers' Bulletin 123 of the The plan outlined in this bill- It is evident that some sort of an
U. S. Department of Agriculture, letin is intended to furnish sug- organization on the pari of the pti-
Registered mail closes on mail
days, at four o'clock sharp. Or
dinary mail, at half past four.
Mail for Island offices, leaves
ritory. The technical parts of the
bulletin only are omitted, as the
treatise deals mostly with trees
that are not suitable for the Ha
waiian soil and climate. If, how
ever, the matter of forest nurseries
up here, the
Territorial Bureau of Forestry,
.i. -. v. 11 c ll.
u.geu.ci uiui u.e u..vKc oi i...- schoo9 w it.ll
wan and tne Hawaii I'.xperiniem
Station, may be relied on to fur
nish the technical directions to
teachers and pupils which may Ik;
I. I. S. N. Co.,
S. X. Co., everv
a small nursery. It is realized nursery is infinitely more desirable
that schools will seldom have the than any other plan, because it will
best kind of soil available, or be insure the continued interest and
supplied with all the tools de- attention of theschool to its project,
sirable to do this work with the No definite outline of the exact
best results. Consequently, the form which this organization shall
attempt is here made to give direc- assume is possible in this bulletin,
tions which will be applicable to because of the varying conditions
verv limited re- surrounding different schools; but
sources. there are certain things which it
It is intended, further, to make must accomplish in order to serve
these plans usable over as wide its purpose successfully. Provi
a range of territory a possible, siou must be made for the regular
Certain localities, with unusual cultivation of the seedlings by hoe
condi tions of temperature or ing and weeding once or twice each
In recent years there has been humidity, will undoubtedly face month, or of teller, during the
evident a decided movement to- local problems which are not summer. They must, as a rule, be
ward the introduction of nature touched upon in this bulletin. In watered with more or less frcqucn-
study and elementary agriculture all such cases the Forest service of cy, depending upon the season. If
into the regular work of the public the United States Department of the site of the seed bed is exposed
schools. One of the most popular Agriculture invites correspondence to trespassers or to the depredations
'and interesting features of this with regard to the difficulties en- of animals, it must be protected by
i movement has been the school countered, and will gladly furnish fencing. All this must be done
garden. The large number of advice and suggestions free of thoroughly and without fail or no-
I.ilme on Monday, Wednesday and j for schools be taken
Prid.ic mornings at six o'clock.
I'.M-ipt, however, in cases when
the i ;ast mail delays the Friday
bout, then the mail will leave on
Saturday at ( a. in.
I X T F R I SL AN 1 ) V K SSKLS.
For Kauai Forts
W. O. nail, I. -I. S. N. Co.,
Kinau, I. -I. S
Kau and Kona Forts
Mauua Loa. I. -I. S. N. Co.,
tei iiate Tuesdays and Fridays.
For Moloai and Maui
Mikahala, every Ttits-day.
For Maui and navaii Forts
Claud ine I.'-I
PORT ALLEN SHIPPING
Ihc llilonian and Uirline carry : aUcst the importance and success
passengers, leaving direct tor uie
schools, both rural and city, which charge.
have established gardens, and the Extent of the Undertaking,
volume of literature winch has
been contributed on this subject,
coast, the fare one way or round
trip, being the same as that from
Hawaiian Islands Maui Island-
N'lyside Wailuku Coast
Spartan Reef Bell Buoy, 1 , out of
position, 1200 feet to windward of
Kahului Breakwater, will be re
placed as soon as practicable.
List of Buoys, etc., 12lh Sub
district. 1909, p. 13. C. & G. S.
By order of the Commission of
Lieutenant, U. S. N.,
Inspector, 19th L. II. District.
L1HUE SUNDAY CHURCH
CALENDAR FOR 1911
Lihue I'niou Church, Foreign
Rev. J. M. Lydg.Ue, pastor.
Church Service II a. m. Kxcept
the last Sunday of the month.
Sunday School 10:30 a. m.
Lihue First Church, Hawaiian
Rev. Win. Kainail, pastor.
Church Service 11 a. in. Sunday
School In a. m.
210-211 BoBlon Bldg.
w h i c h the school garden has
achieved in the educational world.
Hitherto most school gardens
luive -been devoted exclusively to
the growing of comi.ioi. gaidoii"
vegetables and flowering plants,
with here and there the introduc
tion of new species as an additional
incentive to interest. One of the
chief difficulties encountered has
been that, most of the plants and
vegetables suitable for cultivation
and demonstration purposes re
quired by the school work mature
or reach their most interesting
stages at a season when the school
is ordinarily closed for vacation.
Another thing which has tended
to make much school-garden work
somewhat unsatisfactory is that
after the work is once done no
visible, tangible results are evident,
and apparently no lasting good is
accomplished other than the in
struction given and the knowledge
of plant life which may have been
A school nursery for the propa
gation of forest trees offers an in
teresting variation from the usual
type of gardening and at the same
time overcomes the difficulties just
mentioned, The crop of the forest
nursery is one which does not dis-
I appear with the close of the sea-
Work o f this nature should
never be undertaken on too large
a scale. If too many seedlings are
planted, the care of the nursery
may prove so much of a burden
that the students will G'.ld r,o
pleasure ill it, and when the trees
are grown it will be hard to dis
pose of them without loss. Should
the trees die, the natural inference
on the part of the pupils would
be that the work done by them
in caring for the young trees
was useless. It should therefore
be the endeavor of each school to'
raise but few trees per pupil,
but to grow these successfully and
to transplant all of them with the
smallest possible loss to permanent
sites on the school grounds or
about the homes in the community
for shelter, timber, or ornamental
purposes. This aim must be im
pressed upon the pupils if the
lesson of the value of forest trees
is to be taught. If only one tree
per pupil is grown, but every one is
thing but disappointment will come
of the undertaking, and the result
ing discouragement will be worse
than if nothing had been done.
How to accomplish these ends
will be a problem which each
school will have to work out of it
self. Possibly on.'.- solution would
be the organization of a '"forestry
club" composed of volunteer
"forest range! s" whose duties
shall be the protection and care of
the trees, just as the government
officers look after the trees of the
national forests. These clubs may
be the means of doing much good
through the interest which they
arouse in general forestry, as well
as through tne practical benefit de
rived from the nursery itself. The
clubs could also arrange for an ex
change of supplies of tree seeds and
even of nursery stock, thus doing
exactly the same work that com
mercial nurseries undertake in sup
plying new varieties of trees suit
able and desirable for the commu
nity. Choosing Ground for the Nursery.
The bed in which the seeds are
safely transplanted to a permanent
site where it may grow into use- t0 PlallteU should be located on
fulness and beauty, the work of 'ound which is well drained,
the nurserv will be infinitclv nmrn or Ke"tly sloping ground
should be selected, for if it is too
steep the soil may be washed away.
If possible to secure it, ground
which has been under cultivation
for a year or more and. which is
well pulverized is better for the
purpose than new ground. Some
times the use of such ground can
Mr. J. lines 1). Dougherty, rcp
is now on Kauai with a full
iVr S' aincr Kmaii. Wednesday
morniii' . 'u. 22. A. 15. S.ibr.i,
art i'.i rg. Mi-,. II. 1) Stog
.!); hildivn. Miss M.ible Wil
J. A. i: ! h, R. C. lb -ndcr-I.
I. i . . A s.
o-t. il II. McArthur, F. W'e-
nni u ife. P.. I'.. Mahlum a n d
. Miss Iuint huine, H . L.
te. J. W. White, D. Klussinan.
satisfactory than if hundreds of
seedlings are produced and many
of them allowed to perish.
Cooperation Between Schools.
It will add greatly to the pupils'
interest in the tree nurseries if
son, but instead the young trees scliools located in dilterent parts
! need only to be transferred from of the country exchange supplies b(; sccurcd on the edge of cultivat
the nursery bed to some new loca- OI lr(-- seeds, it is suggested,
; tion on lawns or school grounds therefore, that each school en-
to become permanent evidence of deavor to communicate with some
the work done and a lasting tri- other school situated in another
bute to the school. Furthermore, locality, and by exchange secure
'this work of transplanting the sole new varieties of tree seeds
trees is best done early in the aiul introduce these new and un-
i spring when the school is in ses- familiar trees into the community,
sion and at its best so far as the It will be much more interesting
interest of the pupils is concerned, for the pupils to watch thj growth
ot a strange type of tree than
merely to produce those with
which every one is already familiar,
ami, should the experiment be
successful, these new trees may be
mail.- to serve a useful purpose if
they are awarded as prizes for
possible exception that there is the faithful work done by individual
added necessity of collecting and pupil. Care must always be
storing the liee seeds through the taken, however, not to experiment
winter. However, if this is found too much with trees which are not
impracticable, tree seeds may be likely to thrive because of the
purchased, just as vegetable seeds climate or other local conditions,
are, from dealers. The actual 1 l,e Care of the Nursery Daring Va
work of caring for the nursery is calims.
practically tne same as tliat re
quired for the care of the garden.
The ground for the seed be Is is
prepared in the same manner, and
the seedlings require about the
same amount of attention that Ihc
vegetables do. On the other
h n-il. the res-iUs will be nuieh
more enduring and valuable Be
sides the opportunities afforded by
the nursery for the study and in
struction, the trees which are suc-
In this way the forest nursery is
' even more adaptable to school use
than is the ordinary garden.
A nursery on the lines laid down
i in this circular will not require
any more labor anil attention than
a garden, it as much, with the
ed fields or gardens bordering on
the school grounds.
Care should be taken to select a
site away from the play-ground,
where it will not be trampled upon.
Unless the plat of ground to be
used .is protected properly in this j
respect, all work done may be use
Preparing the Soil. j
Unless the laud to be used is very
rich and in good condition for the !
nursery, it is well to enrich it in
the fall with well-rotted manure.
The ground should then be plowed !
or, padeil deeply and left without
further preparation during the win
ter. In the spring, as soon as con
ditions will permit, it should
again be worked over with a
spade or plow and thoroughly pul
verized by raking and hario ving,
until all duds, stones, and rubbish
have been removed. The better
the condition of the soil the better
One of the most difficult pro- the results will be. Too much at
blcins which the school will have teiition can nut be given to tin
to solve w'!l be how to care for the pri-t.it ..tion of the soil,
nurs rv during the summer vuca- Wrapping und Packing.
tion . It will not do to ka.e the Uprooted si villi ugs suffer more or
For the SOCCER Football Season just commencing, we
have just received a full line of
E. 0. Hall & Son, Honolulu
California Harness & Trimming Shop
Merchant and King Street, Honolulu.
We manufacture harness, saddles ami all accessories to order.
Island orders promptly and neatly executed. Workmanship
guaranteed and our prices are reasonable.
AUTOMOBILE TRIMMING OUR SPECIALTY
P. 0. Box 791
D. HAMIHAN & SON Prop.
are sold by all the leading
stores in Hawaii
Theo. H. Davies&Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Hawaii
The Reach Cork Center Ball
was the Official Ball of
REACH GOODS GUARANTEED
A. R. GLAISYER, D. V. M.
Will make monthly headquarters
as per schedule below
I- 10, 13-14 - - Lihue
II- 12 - - - Kilauea
15-17 - - Kekaha
18-21 - - - McBryde
22-30 - - - Makaweli
Cur. Kurt A ll. r. Sts., Honolulu
Rooms by the day, week
or month - single o r i n
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Kauai trade solicited
MRS. C. A. BLAISDELL,
S. E. LUCAS
Eyes Examined and Tested
The latest Books of fiction
received by every steamer.
Don't forget we carry a full
line of Tennis and Base Ball
Wali-Nichols & Co., Ltd.
young trees which were
during th-- spring te.in
care ot 1 i.'iiiv.i1
ember. Some means must be de
vised to protect ami care for them
less when exposed to the wind and
sun if only for a few moments, so
glc.it i. ne must be t. ,k-.-n lo protect
of July ami Aikmi-.I them. Sunny and windy weather
opens again in Sept- should be avoided when transplant-
trees, ami the seedlings taken
Continued on page 6,
; Z x '" i ; T: a Y. If '? 15 3 ' ' ' ' ? T I
- ' - - - -. . .' .a
Haiiamaulu Gulch, showing rice fie'ds: and Lihue railway trestle.