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THE GARDKN ISLAND.
THE GARDEN ISLAND
TUESDAY JANUARY io, 1912.
Entered at the post office at
Li hue, Kauai, as second-class
SriiscKirTioN Katks 2.50 I'kk
Ykak, $1.5i itk six months
AOYKKTISINC, R ATI- S. .St I Cl.XTS
Ax Inch Pi;r Month.
Front Page Advertising
Rates $3.00 Per Square Inch
E. 15. I3rii;kvatkk, Editor
K. C. HorrKR, Maxac.i-r
In Defence of Teachers
Evkry now and then some busi
ness man breaks out with a long
winded string of suggestions as to
how our educational affairs should
be conducted. T h e latest out
break comes from the pulpit of
one of Honolulu's "fashionable"
churches, and the writer is none
other than the Hon. Bishop Rcsta
rick, who after quoting from a
report by a principal of some
State Normal School, deals out his
opinion on local conditions with a
knowledge intended to evolutioitize
the entire educational system.
It has occurred to the Uishop.
that the teachers are not ovlr
worked, that the stenographer has
just as difficult a task as is hat
of the average teacher, and that j
she has but two weeks' vacation j
whereas the teacher gels ten, with j
a task as is
a who'. lot of extras thrown in.
He ." ir.' grace to. admit that the
teacher "does have some lessons
to prepare out of school, etc.."
but intimates that this simply
about equalizes the number of
hours which the stenographer puts
in. One other peculiar state
ment he makes, is where he speaks
of the tcachers's work "compared
with woman's work of a skilled
character requiring years of prepa-
ration i n 'other lines. 1 here
is no denying the fact that manv
a typewriter has a great deal of
work to do, but just where the
Reverend gentleman gets the idea
that to fit one's self for such a
position, a course of study cover
ing a period of year! is necessary,
is beyond the comprehension of
even the average business' man'.' '
The Bishop has but to consider
that the High schools all over the
country are turning ottj. iluse very
stenographers to whom reference
is made, by the thousands, to real
ize the difference in the making of
teaching material and stenogra
phers. He has but to ask any
stenographer how much time was
devoted to the preparation for her
position and then to consult men
such as Superintendent I'opc and
Prof.. Edgar Wood of the Hono
lulu Normal, about the' preparation
of teachers and the time consumed
in such preparation, to convince
him of further difference in the
As to the required amount of
work of the two professions, there
is as much difference as there is in
the preparation for them. The
stenographer, tor instance, reports !
tor duty at eight o clock, seats j an endeavor to satisfy an uninter
herself in a comfortable chair, in a j ested but critical public and an
neat, airy office and proceeds to her j exacting official whose prin
work of pounding a typewriter or . cipal occupation seems to be the
taking dictations, neither of which j disregarding of all laws governing
can be termed a mental strain.! his conduct as well as nature's
Her work generally consists of laws, by causing the teachers to
answering correspondence, an-! instruct from forty to eighty chil
sweiing telephones and entertain-: dreu whereas the "law calls for but
ing. Under no circumstances is : thirty five.
she required to know more than, As t0 the teachers' vacations
one subject thoroughly, which is : compared with those of the steno-
nghsh and we might be excused I grapher, the Rev. Bishop cannot
for saying that judging from some he verv wc1 infon,,, !IS wc liavt.
communications which emerge, in lllind ollc stenographer who
from such sources, tins require-, dots not H ve d thousand miles from
ment is rather unnecessary, lhen, his residence, who pulls down a
too, there i s usually but one s:llarv of a hundred and twenty
boss on the job, which is an-: flvc dollars, gets a four months
oiner auvaniagc sue nas over the
teacher, and last, but not le.n-t,
many a stenographer has, alter a
year or less of preparation, gone
into a position with a sdar of an
: mount far in excels of anything
t...' co.i'id even be imagined by a
g r.-;..'... U- ,rom a normal school,
not.vi'h-.Luiding that the latter i
had 'qiciit a term of not h ss than,
four to seven years in preparation,
for her work. Not only this, L t
the stenographer who properly'
attends to her work, is boosted
right along in her salary, receiving
in the course of two o r three
years, a n amount which the'
teacher would not receive until
she had taught for ten year-,.
The teacher's duties require ln-r
to be in the school room at half
pat eight. Does she find a box
of choice bonbons and .a bunch
of violets on her desk? She d ies not.
Hut what she does find, is forty
to eighty youngsters comprised of
nearly as many dlfferefnt nationali
ties, ea.di of whom she must in
spect and instruct in "f 'ce w. fil
ing" "nail-cleaning" .c, be
fore they can be permitted to
enter. At five minutes to nine,
the bell rings and after nn exer
cise of songs etc., her children are
marched in and the daily grind
begins. Now bear in mind, that
the teacher who does this, and
other work of which we are about
to speak, is a normal graduate and
beginning her career at 560. no per
month, and will be required to
teach for ten years before she is
entitled to a salary of $1,1 mm) per
year at which salary she would re
ceive as assistant were sl.eto teach
i for a cciiturv. If she does not
: wish to teach at this salary, a
relief is offered in the position of
principal, which according to pre
sent methods, would begin with a
salary of 570.00. We will go back
to the stenographer, simply to re
mark that long before the ten
years are up, if she has any ambi
tion at all, her salary would be
double that of the teacher.
(letting back to the school room
again! we find the teacher con
fronted with from forty to eighty
children where the law o n 1 y
calls for 'thirty-five. Her daily
program has been carefully mapped
out - having been under prepara
tion during the evening when
Miss Stenographer w a s attend
ing the picture show and con
sists of from five to fifteen minute
periods, in each of which she is
supposed to give a lesson on dif
ferent subjects. She has from one
to three grades in her room which
means a "doubling" up of her
i allotted time and therelorc con-
siderable mental exercise. Sue
has not onlv one subject in which
to be absolutely accurate but half
a dozen or so. She has not only
one boss" on
the job, but sev
eral, each of whom must have
their instructions obeyed to the
very letter. There is no excuse
for an error. All such must be
explained and a record made as to
why it occurred, etc. There are so
manv rules to observe and at the
same time lessons to give, that the j
teacher who does her work con
scieiiciouslv as we believe thev
all do has a greater strain on her
mental capacity in oneday than the
stenographer has in a month. With
the teachers of the public schools
of the Territory rests the molding
into manhood and womanhood,
the principles which will mean n
greater Hawaii, and to have them
overworked as they are and as
everyone but the cold, matter-of-fact
Bishop well knows, and to in
sinuate that they are not earning
the extra time which the board
of education has allowed them,
and yet hear a suggestion espe
cially from the source in which it
comes to the effect that ihey were
having "too much play," shows
an attitude shorn of appreciation
for the best services being rendered
in the Territorial departments, and
is, we feel sure, an attitute in
which the Bishop stands entirely
The Bishop or any other ad
vocate of his suggest cl policy need
but to pay a visit to our public
schools during the month of June
to find justification in the asser
tion that our teachers ARE over
worked. He will find without ex
ception, pale-faced, care-worn,
nervous girls, whose vitality has
been all but entirely sapped out in
vacation each ear on full pay and
;s given a month's salary as a
Christmas present each y ear.
Furthermore, this same young
lady obtained h c r preparation
through a private sourer whlle
attviiding otlur duties. There are
no doubt, many other just smli
cases and lufore-a man of liishop
Restarick'sstanding la-gins to court
notoriety at the expense of sn. h ;i
body of faithful workers as mir
teachers are known to be, it would
be wel 1 to equip himself with
"tact-," to avoid a ir.isj in lenient
of his motives. In so much a-'
the Ih'shop h:is offered a sugges
tion to 1 1;;.- board of Kducation as
to the course it should pursue, it
mi.uht not l.e i.mi.ss to say that
just a little more attention to
stranger-, who attend St. Andrews
Cathedral would be appreciated.
i ne loiiowmg
from the Ilishoj
'It wi.l l .
v. o,-;e-. as it i
Us lace fact".
Sol. - Ullh Vl-
-lie of tl;e
!..,! i. a,'
a n ';u .
.cr.J are oi r
! to this, let
Read the following list. It con
tains articles that are backed by a
If you are athirst for
a real good glass of
beer, ask for
li M W
You'll pronounce it
the finest beer you
ever drank. It's
for this climate.
tutc nearly all of our teachers. A vrirl
winks, say as h typewriter and Hteno
gnqihrr In mi S o'clock A. M. to o
o'clock 1'. M. Tlml is to say dedact
in one hoar for luncheon, Mie works
sewn hours u day except Satrnlay,
whin she works four hours. This
makes ;;n hours a week. Another ymiiia
woman ot' alumt Ihe same Works
in the school live times ,,ur and a hall'
hours, or twenty-two and a hall hours
a wvi-k. It is nuii,. true that u teacher
has report- to make, studies to arrange,
Ac. The-e e will say make In r hours
..I woik " r ue.' k approach those credit
ed to tiie other L'lll. lint the t.V-
liter nut two week- ot vaealu
a .war. Ih--i,.- the j.'. ih ial holidays,
whi'e the teacher ten ks vaca
tion in siimiiiei-, no at Christmas, nm
al Ka-ti r and eer Satiud.iv.
" 'on-ideiiir--1 . rythiii'.', . '.en li.e ner
vous sti-.iin oi t-,ic oin.', we c.tiitiot sa;,
that tin- i.j ieUr.. mirworu win n coin"
pared wilh womai:'.- Work ot a skilli.
i liar. tch i reipiiiine jrai of pnpira
1 ion done I.j w , .men in othei .l,n--. ' '
Hon. R. 1'. Spalding of the Kea
lia Plantation, arried on the Ki
nau from a short bttsines-. trip to
Tom lUirningham, representing
the 'ou Ham Young Co's. ma
chinery department, arrived on the
Miss :. lihop of Honolulu, is
the house guest of Mrs. Win. II.
Rice Jr., having arrived on the Ki-
nail Wednesday morning,
& CO., Ld.
The J3eer That's J3reved
To eMiit The Qinieie
After The Holidays
acknowledgements of Santa
Claus' favors from near and
far will be in order.
Thrum's Book & Sta
tionary Store, Honolulu, is
prepared to attend to all such
or other orders of Society,
Business or Office require
ments. Also, for home reference
use, o r mailing t o friends
abroad for its fund of infor
mation, is the
Cits the 3f5th. issue,; an es
pecially strong historic re
search number with current
papers of timely interest and
latest revised tables. Fully
up to its standard. Mailed to
U' v address for 85 ecus.
( e and Pocket Diaries
'a- IV!.!. JVsk C-ile;. 1ar 1'uds
f"" 1 ' with, o t without
' at of town orders given
THC3. G. THRUM
v w f V
THE HIGH IDEALS OF 70 YEARS
TAKE DEFINITE FORM IN THE
1911 Knox i s
fineft we've ever asked you to look at
and that's saying a great deal.
There's not a break in the chain of shaes
and dimensions covering a range so wide
that no man can say: "you haven t just
what I Wanted."
Knox Soft Hais, $5.00 BEACON HATS
Knox Stiff Hats, $5.00 (Made by Knox)
Knox Silk Hats, $8.00 $3.50
Silva's Toggery, Ld.
AGENTS FOR TIIK
A large consignment of goods arrived by the S. S.
"Sierra" on January 12th, including: White Lingerie
Dresses from 510.00 to 55U.OO; White Knit Sweaters
with knitted collar and cuffs in pink, blue and lavender.
New Kmbroideries and ISeautifcl I-'Iottncings.
Important to Ladies
Having secured the agency for "Kuo" hats, we
are now showing their spring line of "Tailored Hats".
Panama and Sailor Hals.
Your Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.
SACHS DRY GOODS CO. !
P. (J. llox 566
John Malina, has been laid up
for several days as the result of u
fall from a horse.
Mr. and Mrs. Purvis, Mr. and
Mrs. Rufus Spalding of Kealia and
Dr. and Mrs. Putmau, were guest-,
of Supervisor W I). Mcliryde last
.Wednesday. Aji inspection of the
Wahiawa Cannery proved verv in
teresting after which a delicious
luncheon was served,
HAW AH AN I SLAXDS
New Spring !
Mi'ss A. Ak.nu m ,s
ing oassi-n l i r i.u 1 1,,. i:
- ..V JMII.I ,,
More than a hundred moose were
ca)tured on Kauai during ( )i gani
er Lund's round up. They will
be attached to the Honolulu Lodge.
The County of Mau; closed its
1'Jll books with an available ba
lance of 577 ,ooo over outstanding