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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1613
From furnishing material for a
canoe in which to hunt whales
some hundred odd years ago to
supplying Few England factories
of today with 11,000 cords of wood
annually for shoe pegs and shanks
is, according to the department of
agriculture, only part of the ser
vices the birch tree has rendered
and is rendering the people of
Sir Alexander Mackenzie, the
department tells us in a bulletin
just issued on the uses of birch,
hunted whales in a birch bark ca
noe. The animals were found nt
mouth of the Mackenzie River.
He failed to strike the game, and
concluded that it was probably for
the best. While the canoes are
frail, it is pointed out that the
bark of which thev are made re
sists decay longer than any other
part of the tree.
It would be difficult, the depart
ment goes on to say, to estimate
the value of the servic3 of the birch
bark canoe in the discovery, ex
ploration, development, and set
tlement of the northern part of
this continent. From the Arctic
Circle to the Great Lakes, and
southward, for a century and a
half, that light but exceedingly
strong and serviceable vessel
threadee the lakes and rivers, bear
ing trade and carrying civilazalion
where no other boat could go. The
French explorers and missionaries
made journeys o f hundreds o f
miles in these canoes, often carry
cargoes which would seem beyond
the capacity of such frail vessels.
The range of uses to which birch
wood is put is surprisingly large.
According to the department, the
articles into which it goes range
from church pews to kitchen
tables, and from organ pipes to
newel posts. We may have our first
sleep in a birch crib and our last
in a birch coffin. The spools on
which we get our cotton and silk
thread are birch spools, and the
lasts on which our shoes are made
are likely to be birch lasts. The
largest of the spools hold 12,000
yards, the smallest 20 yards. Tee
wood's beauty, strength, and ri
gidity make it prominent as a ma
terial for musical instruments, and
the same qualities bring it into ex
tensive use for flooring.
Many people have an idea that
shoe pegs have nearly passed out
of use, but the amount of birch
previously mentioned as made into
pegs and shanks yearly in New
England seems to disprove this
notion. Birch, the department says,
is often put on the market in imi
tation of other woods, and we may
open many a door, sit on many a
chair, and write on many a desk
which we imagine to be mahogany,
but which, is really birch stained
to resemble the genuine article.
Nine species of birch grow in
the United States, but sweet, yel
low, paper, and river birch are
those most used About 45,000,000
board feet of the wood finds its
way to the market vearly. Paper
birch is one of the few American
species with a hold on the "fjJrrnt
stronger than it had when Ameri
ca was discovered. Large tracts
are now covered with this birch
where there was little of it a cen-
tury ago. It comes in after fire, i
and some tracts it has taken pos
session of cover hundreds of square
Local Notice To Mariners
I f IRST "Wit WHITE HV rt n WALRIU I
-, in nir 'mrilrT-'nUT"" " "
Hawaiian Islands- Oahu Is
land Honolulu Harbor- Outside
Entrance Gas Buoy No. 2
ed extinguished October
be relighted as soon as practicable. 1
A red hand' lantern will be exhi
bited from the buoy during the . I JUim PniiltMr Fnvm
time it remains unliiihted.
Lignt List, Pacific Coast. 1612, ! P. O. Box 106
p. 92, No. 672.
Buoy List, 19th District. 1913,
By order of the Commissioner
A. E. ARI.UDGli,
Inspector, 19th. Lighthouse District.
210-211 Dotton BUf
If you wish to travel in com
fort and safety
Tel. 225 L.
KAPAIA AUTO CO.
Reasonable Rates and Care
Everything in tub
Silver and Gold Line,
Rich Gut Glass and",
Merchandise of the
Best Quality Only.
P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
The Commercial Mans
DICK OLIVER, Manager
CALIFORNIA FEEDC0. I
Hay, Grain and Chicken
Sole Agents for
International Stock, Poultry l'ood
fi and othur specialties. Arabic for
i pooling iron Koois. retaitnna in-
cubators and Brooders. "
King's Special Chick Food I
I P. O. Box 452, Honolulu I
Early so you can post them on time.
The cards this year are more beautiful than ever be
fore and are cheaper, grade for grade, than last year.
5c, 10c, 15c, 20c, 25c, each, and up.
For wrapping vour Christinas bundles vou will need
Tinsel cord and Christinas Seals. The Seals come in
We also have some very pretty Christmas boxes for
mailing small gifts and some neat and Christmassy
HAWAIIAN NEWS CO., LTD.
"For all the Family often"
Gee, that was Fine!
-Just had a glass of PRIMO PALE
'nd in 'bout four shakes I'm goin' t' have
'nother one! I tell you that
Thejfreer That's Jrewed
To cuit Ihe (J.imsje
is THERE, Friend-it's THERE!"
MENDES & SOUZA
Day and Night
Tel. 600 Lihue
Wholesale and Retail Groceries
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.
General Plantation '
Cor. FortA licr. Sts., Honolulu
Rooms by the day, week
or month single or in
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Kauai trade solicited
MRS. C. A. BLAISDELL,
JUS. F. MORGAN
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
N AWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 104
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
Autos and light machinery repaired.
Plumbing and gas fittings. Agents for Fisk
arid Goodrich Tires and Tubes, Chalmers,
Ford, Studebaker, Velie, Federal and
Agents for the Inter Island Steam Navigation
Co., Ltd., at Nawiliwili, Kauai
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125131 MERCHANT ST.
P. O. Box No 594 . Honolulu
NOW READ THE ADS
And now it's near enough to
Christmas time to begin buy
ing the presents which will
make glad the hearts of those
dear to you. Can you concieve
of a better present practi
cal, educational, long lasting
than a Kodak?
There's a grand lot to choose
from, according to your purse-
Kodak from $6 to $85;
Brownies, for the younger ones,
SI to $12; and if your relative
or friend already has a camera,
the present of a Kodak Film
Tank($2.50 and up) or a Brow
nie Enlarging Camera ($2 up)
or a Portrait Attachment. 50)
will be greatly appreciated.
Tripods ($1.50 up) arc very
useful; a Ruby Lamp ($.25 up)
deserves consideration; a pres
ent of i half-dozen rolls of
Film would make the recipient
happy: a package of Velox Post
cards '$.20 the doz.) or some
Velox Paper might help solve
Enlarged pictures of local
interest make splendid pres
ents; they cost from $.30 to
S3 each. And remember we have
beautiful Art Prints from $.30
to $20 each and Photo Albums
from 10 cents to $10.
HONOLULU PHOTO SUPPLY CO.
Oils and Greases
and it's just as easy to say UNION
Kerosene, UNION Gasoline, and
UNION Distillate as to say only the
Fuel name and the result to your
engine (and to your pocket book) is
When you think of
LEWERS & COOKE, LTD.
(Samples on request.)
P. O. Box 769
FOR SAIF Max.w"n KoudrtwinlpAn CATC Ono new pmno in ex
un-i-nnraconiiiiion. n- j ,,,1,.,,, W1,it0 Kor
quire ut thin ollice.
particular call up 21 W,