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title: 'The Garden Island. (Lihue, Kauai, H.T.) 1902-current, January 27, 1914, Image 3',
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Image provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1914
Bishop & Co.
Kauai's Beautiful Scenery
lw fur 1 liitt liiny, Hiiy-Old Chicks,
Young , l.ayiii ami llrccilin Stuck.
Our liirilc nrc trap-lusted, pi-dini-d,
slimilaul ami lint! bred. Custom hutch
ing. Fancy Tabic V,v.v ami Poultry.
Write for price list. Visit our plant.
WHEN IN NEED OF
Paper Bags, Twines,
PAPER & SUPPLY CO., LTD.
Fort and Queen Streets
GEO. G. GUILD, Vice Prei & Mgr
If you wish to travel in com
fort and safety
Tel. 225 L.
Kapaia Auto Stand
Reasonable Rates and Care
. Send for Free Samples and Catalogues
A Special Paint for Every Purpose,
Don't imagine a good interior paint is
good for the exterior, or vice versa; or
that a good point for iron; or a concrete
paint good for wood-work, etc.
Trus-Con Paints Specialize
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.
m w 1 & msrw m'-w k v n uiiii ia mil l liic i . i i t i r- i. ivlhi . i m w . wr mr
vw mi. . : . . - y a y.
real strength. If it continues to give perfect service,
year ia and year out. no matter what that's
real durability. These are the supreme tests
actual fence value realized
only in "Pittsburgh
1 rv. m, the
j j j
IIkad Oi fici? - Honolulu
Bkanchks at Hii.c and
WAIMEA, - KAUAI
Transacts a General Bakning
and Exchange Business
Commercial and Travelers'
Letters of Credit issued avail
able in all principal cities of
J J J
Interest allowed ut the rate
of 4 per cent per annum
on Savings Bank deposits.
J vM J
Interest paid on Time De
posits at the following rates:
3 Months 3 per cent.
6 Months 3 1-2 per
cent per annum.
12 Mouths 4 percent
All business entrusted by
customers on other islands
receives careful and prompt
Eleele, - - - Kauai
J. C. MOUK.V, Prop.
Programs of Choicest Motion
Every Saturday Evening
Ample Seating Capacity.
Be There Next Saturday.
L. Y. TIM
Has entered the rent ser
vice, and has provided him
self with a big
Special attention paid to
commercial travelers. Rea
sonable rates to all parts of
and abuse that's
The secret of
which electrically welds each wire at every contact point, and produce a solid wire fence. Dcrfcctl
spaced and balanced, resisting all strains and shocks with iu whole surface
EVERY ROD GUARANTEED PERFECT
CARRIKD IN STOCK AND FOR SALK BY
E. O. HALL
THE KAUAI TOUR
V. R. Farrington. president of
the Honolulu Ad. Club, had the
following to say to a representative
of The Carden Island in regard
to the proposed tour of Kauai by
fifty members of the Club:
"The Kauai trip is a splendid
proposition and the Honolulu AP
Club thoroughly appreciates the cor
dial spirit show by the people of the
Garden Island. Our organization is
primarily devoted to advertising,
a n d we aim to give as many
of our own people as much know
ledge of their own territory as it
is possible to do. The first thought
was to start for Kauai forthwith
and stir up a good, live interest in
the Carnival. That would be ser
ving the interest of the Carnival as
well as doing the people of the
Garden Island a good turn. Then,
we found that a larger number of
our own people could visit Kauai
if the trip were planned for some
week following the Carnival.
"Taking everything into con"
sideration, and es pec i a 1 1 y the
purpose of our organization ad
vertising I am inclined to think
that the final decision will be for
the Kauai trip after the Carnival.
Advertising promotes abetter
knowledge of men and affairs. We
want the largest number of people
possible to get acquainted with
Kauai and its tourist and farming
possibilities, as well as to have a
pood time in meeting the finest
people and viewing the garden spot
of Hawaii nei. That the Honolulu
Ad Club will visit Kauai is now a
sure thing. We also want to be
sure that we do it right and score
another victory for publicity and
for our organization."
Judge L. A. Dickey went to
Honolulu last week to meet his
parents, who arrived in the Korea
from an extensive trip abread.
Rev. J. M. Lydgate also went over
to arrange for the making of the
Kauai float for the Floral Parade.
Only Open Hearth wire Is used in
"Pittsburgh Perfect" Fence be
cause it is tougher, stronger, more
auraoie inceoia time iron wire than
ny other fence wire made. Lead annealing gives it
additional toughness and prepares it for receiving the
thick, heavy, pure zinc galvanizing
the great strength of " Pittsburgh Per.
WELD THAT HFIX
&. SON, LTD.
valley, the llanalei river ami a glimp-i' of the splcmli.l moimtaiu s. enery in the background.
AT KAUAI TEACHER'S CONVENTION
Following is the address of In-'
spector Raymond to the convention
of school teachers held in Eleele
school, his subject being "The Re
citation": The term recitation is one com-!
monly misused and as commonly
poorly conducted. Teachers have
not had, always, an aim and pur
pose iu conducting the class work
and the results of their efforts have
not been too fruitful, considering
the energy expended.
During the recitation, teaching
is carried on with the greatest op
portunity of mentally meeting the
pupil. At this time, the success
ful teacher permits the most
sympathetic co-operation for the
development of individual power
and social adaptation Many teach
ers lack a clear aim and purpose as
to what they are trying to ac
complish with the pupils and subject-matter.
Yet, through the daily
lesson plan, there is the most effica
cious means of carrying on the
work with the continuity and rela
tion that they should have. The
purpose of the recitation should be
to: (1) teach, (2) test, and (3)
drill. Each one of these has an im
portant part in the recitation and ;
each must be as carefully consider
ed as it must be earefully carried
out in practice.
(1) Teaching: ''We learn to do
by doing" is as true as it is com
mon. Therefore, the child should
have as much opportunity for self
expression in its many forms as is
consistent with proper class room
practices. Help the children on the
more difficult points of the lesson,
but not going so far as to do the
work for them. "Do you all un
derstand?" or "Is there any ques
tion?" is only a waste of time with
pupils and contains no educational
value or tlio't.
In assigning lessons, the pupils
should be helped with the most
difficult points, but one must keep
in mind that they are giving a task j
to be worked out by the child ml
individual study. Teachers should
concentrate their efforts on the
poorest members of the class and ,
nave sianaaras oi woru rauiur more
medium than extreme with the
standards of the children.
The work should be so con
ducted that the spirit of interest
ou the part of the teacher is con
tagious and the pupils feel and ex
press themselves spontaneously
as is only p o s s i b 1 e in the real
school. This spirit in the work
inspires the pupils to better effort
and higher ideals.
(2) Drill: The pupils may know
a thing, but to know it so well that
it may be easilv used is the test of
the pupils' knowledge. The fund
amentals should be so well learnt
that they may be used a u t o
matically. Skill has been called
efficiency in doing and it can only
be developed by practice and re
petition which is called drill.
Whenever skill is required, employ
drill. Interest and attention are
of primary importance i n drill
work as without them the subject
matter cannot be fixed. Do not
stop short of final efficiency iu the
drill work as the most value to be
gained from it is that of firmly fix
ing the essentials for permanency.
Drill in the con?ct forms for auto
matism and universal practice.
(3) Testing: To find out what
the child has acquired and knows
a condition which the teacher be
lieves he understands vt-ry well-
may be obtained through testing
the child on his knowledge of sub-
ject-matter learnt or supposed to
have been learnt. The pupil
must have a master of the fund
amentals before he can be taught
more advanced subjects. But no
less important to what he knows it.
The mind has been divided into
three levels, termed: 1, sensory,
2, memory, a:id 3, understanding.
The teacher must know the exact
conditions of the facts in t h e
pupils' minds and this is obtained
by thoughtfully testing the child's
The teacher should have in mind
the process: ceaching, drilling and
testing that he is to employ and the
reason for each. It is not expected
that one can find a distinguishing
division line in the recitation for
the use of the proper method, but
a familiar understanding as to what
is needed should be in the teacher's
mind. All are not skilled in the
use of these three purposes of the
recitation and all need to examine
themselves as to what they may be
failing to accomplish.
The methods in the recitation
vary according to the aims and they
are no less in importance and ped
agogical value. The method must
be well planned if the real purpose
of education is desired and to well
plan the work requires a know
ledge of the fundamental princi
ples. Interest is of first impor
tance to obtain the proper mental
activity and no successful recitation
could be conducted without this
vital essential. Interest is best
obtained bv adapting the subject
matter to the development of the
child and presenting it under only
The learning of new matter by
connecting it with the related old,
already fixed in mind, is axiomatic
and must be adhered to during the"
The question-and-answer method
is commonly employed by teachers.
It oilers a ready means of testing,
teaching and drilling the pupil
and is generally practiced in con
ducting the recitation. The art of
questioning is the basis of good
teaching and it must be thoroughly
understood. The text must not
be too faithfully adhered to in con
ducting the lesson as this tends to
destroy any original thought by
the pupiL Every teacher should
close the book with the class and
carry the work on independent of
the text. .Questions should show
unity and related continuity o f
subject-matter in the text and not
a conglomeration of unrelated facts
and thought. This calls tor a
complete knowledge of the subject.
The question must be clear as
the meaning should be free from
ambiguity and indefiniteuess. A
child's comprehension of what is
meant is not the same and adult's
and teachers should place them
selves on the same mental level is
the child. The questions should
be asked in a quiet and natural
voice only. Require that all an
swers by the pupils be given in
good English. The use of words
or parts of sentences should be
forbidden and not tolerated.
Do not repeat the answer of your
pupils; this is a common practice
without value, educationally.
The topical method explains it
self and its use. A topic is chosen
and discussed by the pupil but its
best ground is in the higher grades
with the more mature pupils.
The lecture method is a practice
of teachers who w ant to do the
talking themselves. It has hardly
a place in the elementary grades
and, ytt, its value is much under
pioptr direction. The dangers
The following, from A . L . C
Atkinson, chairman of the com
mittee which had charge of th
arrangements for selling Mid-Pacific
Carnival stock, has been re
ceived by The Garden Island:
"Through the Garden Island I
wish to express for the Honolulu
Ad Club's Carnival finance com
mittee its appreciation of Kauai's
spirit toward the Carnival and its
generous part in providing for the
same. The Ad Club undertook
the placing of stock in the Carnival
corporation as a territorial pro
position, regarding the enterprise
as one for all Hawaii.
Kauai's prcmpt response was
therefore particularly gratifying.
It was an important showing of
the 'get together' spirit which all
loyal residents of o u r beautiful
islands want to cultivate, for our
territory is destined to advance as
a whole. The mid-winter, Mid
Pacific Carnival is an event which
attracts attention to Hawaii from
all parts of the world, and uo re
sident of the beautiful Garden
Island of the group needs to be told
that, as the tide of travel in thi3
direction increases, her charms
will attract a constantly increasing
proportion of visitors.
"Our thanks are due especially
to Mr. E. E. Hahlum who, with
the true Ad Club spirit, presented
the Carnival matter to Kauai, as
well as to all those who so readily
responded. Many of us will have
opportunity to express ourselves
more fully during the coming Ad
Club excursion to the Garden
Island. "Sincerrlv yours,
A. L. C. Atkinson."
are imminent and the method must
be understood to be practiced.
The written work of the pupils
calls for methods from the teachers.
T e amount to be accomplished
by the children is no less in impor
tance than are correct methods of
caring for and correcting the work
so that it all will redound to the
education of the child.
Concentration is the keynote of
success iu the recitation. Con
ditions in and about the class room
must be most favorable for an effi
cient recitation and success in the
work. Teachers must avoid all
distractions in the way of manner,
diess, and actions as these cannot
be conducive to concentrated work
in the recitation. Insist and de
mand only the best from the pupils
and carry this work on with the
closest cooperation and enthu
siasm. All this is best obtained
through the spirit of helpfulness.
The assignment of the lesson is
most woefully and carelessly per
formed. "Take the same lesson
over" is a saying of the quack
teacher and there should be little
wonder that the results are s o
poor. The children do not know
how to study, they do not know
how to find the important and es
sential parts, they do not obtain the
thought from the printed page
unless properly guided. Teachers
must prepare their work concien
tiously and faithfully with an
undersanding of the proper me
thods of study. Every teacher
should obtain a synthetic view of
the subject, to be later analyzed
into its parts, and finally combined
muo a bettei understood whole.
In closing, let it be said that
the real test of a teacher is that
measure of his work before the
class while conducting the recitation,
llniiMlm mini ti im hmiwi-