Newspaper Page Text
THE OARDKX ISLAND. TUESDAY, MARCH 24, 1914
Bishop&CojTHE GARDEN ISLAND RIVER
j White Wings Soap
I3y J. M. Lydgate
j Pau Ka Hana Soap
Kkl'-' for 1 1 -itrliiir.'. (M
Yl1HjI . M yi Hil l l ,t- J
Oar 1 i i-. 1 are trap .. tel. p.
f-kllldald .llld lilll- l.'V-l. Cll-I--!!
inn. Fancy TaUe Iv.---' and
AVrite fur price list. Vi-it our y
Paper Bags, Twines,
IX TIIK TEHKITOHY
MAIL OKDKUS PKOMITbY
PAPER CO., LTD.
Fort and Queen Street!
GEO. G. GUILD, Vice-Pre & Mgr
If you wish to travel in com
fort and safety
Tel. 225 L.
Kapaia Auto Stand
Reasonable Rates and Care
-" ' v, .-
Haven't you yet written for
full particulars of
"The General Utility Engine"
Operates en kerosene, distillate or
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
" . rA''"l
tftl-rrr- ' i. ' y
E. P. REED & CO., SHOES
Here are shoes that always lock well, wear well and hold
heir shape under the most severe strain.
These qualtites, together with their correct style and com
fortable fit have brought these shoes into high favor with women
who make wise selection of their footwear.
Free delivery to any postoflice on Kauai.
Manufacturer's Shoe Co., Ltd.
1051 Fort St., Honolulu, T. H.
Better than home-made-New
Zealand butter at Si'.va's Eleele
IIkad Ol 1ICK - IIONOU l.t'
llU.WCHKS AT HlI.O AND
WAIMEA, - KAUAI
Transacts a General Hanking
and Exchange Husiness
Commercial and Travelers'
Letters of Credit issued avail
able in all principal cities of
Interest allowed at the rate
of 4 per cent per annum
on Savings Bank deposits.
Interest paid on -"hue De
posits at the follow. ng raics:
3 .Months 3 per cent
per an mini.
6 Months 3 1-2 per
cent per annum.
12 Months 4 per cent
All business entrusted by
customers on other islands
receives careful and prompt
Has entered the rent ser
vice, and has provided him
self with a big
Special attention paid to
commercial travelers. Rea
sonable rates to all parts of
UNION FEED CO.
Dealers in Grain and Feed.
Manufacturers of the popular
We also carry n line of
chicken feed which has no
Island Trade Sofa'ted.
One of the greatest difficulties with
many shoes is their tendency to
stretch and lose shape after being
worn a short time.
We have solved this trouble for
women who call on us for
FOR A1P l,al"'SPtoi, fen, U.ll
1 Ul uALiLi li:al'li ii hair l. li:.
lin P. Kauianimai,
K't&.-ij '--AWr-i i&:w--i Y$Z i
v. ' jif :"" si'?- V; .- !. ' -, k . -T-ai;'''if
.!!. .- .. . .t..r ...
I ii" ! a ' lioie. I , : 1 1 l v.
pen i . ki v. j. .'(. i . i' ... ,
appeared in , . i-.t... y ;:r, . ,
nl' The .Mi.i I .i.,'i;i .-, .. .. .... :
When a discrii.i-'ii.i, , . aK-ei.
k.iiui eiuicism, (iehiiir .a i n.- '
of lake and river .-.ceuery is
llaml landseaie, we nnit t.ced
ept the charge with patient
mility. Jt stands t.i reason,
small islands in the sea can't
I U! i
nish much in the way of lake or
river. The watershed area is too
small, and the distance too short,
for either volume or length.
Furthermore, our islands are so
high, with so steep a fall from
mountain to sea, that there is no
chance for lake or river. So, where
larger and llatter countries have
broad, deep-ilowin-r rivers beariuu
: heavy-laden freighters, we have
brawling mountain forest streams,
running white with foam, too hur
ried to linger for lakes, too busy to
pause for commerce; such water
ways as arc .suggestive of the
power plant rather than the power
And yet, we have, especially on
Kauai, a few streams whose leisnre-
ly How may perhaps entitle them to
a very humble place among- the riv
ers of the world, where they may
win a measured interest on other
guiimus man size, .niong tiicse
Hawaiian rivers the first fctce may
be accorded to the llanalei. Reach
ing away back into the early dawn
of an age that far outruns all his
tory, when the island mass was first
cool enough to pnrJpitate the
moisture that lutlied its jhrow on
I the wiims ,,f the trade vviind, and
ltiVe" vvater began to trickl'to the
sea, seeking such natural depres
sions as the wayward fire godoless
had left in her roughly-finishti.'d
handiwork, and gathering volume
and violence as it ran, the process
of erosion first began. Little Ly
little the shallow channels deepened,
little by little the walls crumbled,
cutting down at first a narrow
gorge, and then widening gradual
ly to an ample valley, yet retaining
always the Y-shaped cross-section,
; because the point of utmost pressure
ot the growing tool was always at
the very bottom of the V. Down,
down it went, sometimes savagely,
grinding and tearing and gnawing;!
sometimes gently retouching and ,
! smoothing and polishing, but 1
i ways and ever cutting farther and j
I deeper into the heart of the island,;
i until the great mountain mass was
rent in twain, as one cuts a slice
out of a melon. Down, down it
went through countless ages, know
ing no end nor weariness, until at
length the level of the sea was
reached. There at length the noisy
conquest ceased, and the restless
stream found peace in the restless1
sea. Sea-level was the foundation;
plane bevond which the knife of I
erosion could not cut.
And so we had a V-shaped gorge,
hundreds of feet deep on either side,
whose lowest point, at the mouth,
just touched the sea level, but from
which, running back, the bed of the
stream rose more or less rapidly, in
keeping with the slopes of the sur
rounding country. A valley, like
countless other valleys, big and lit
tle, throughout these islands, bnt -
very different from the present lla
nalei. Meantime, the countless millions
of tons of "spoil"' which the brawl
ing stream had eaten out of the
vitals of the island had gone to
sea, in some measure carried far
away by the action of the ocean
currents, and in some measure de
posited in the generous bay, to the
:crious obstruction of the same. I lad
the evolution ceased there, we would !
never have had a valley like llana
lei. with a broad stretch of bottom
land, and a sluggish, meandering
river, but one like Wainiha, deep
and narrow, with a brawling stream
uniiing while in the bottom. I'.ut
at this point there was a new de
parture in the evolution and a new
factor entered, in to modify results.
- . ; .. i .... , :,(-. .rv..- fx
. 1 1'. r i
, i.. . i i. .
'it .i ' 'il K el i iiap.. And
wluii at leiigih die inward groan
ing died away and the island came
to re-t, the whole landscape was
changed. What had been foaming
nMimiain streams in the bottom of
I narrow gorges, were now deep,
'land-locked fiords running Jar into
I the heart the island, which was
tlnis scalloped deep by a dozen of
them Waimea. I lanapcpe, Huleia,
Wialua. Anahola. Kalihiwai, Wai-
oh, Waipa. and, finest of them al!,
llanalei, a hord so dee) and shel
tered that in it could have ridden
the commerce vf the I'acific. I hit
that was long, long before the days
of commerce or even of war, and
we may not imagine even a savage
canoe threading the quiet waters of
this hidden fiord.
Then began a new era of devel
opment. The former process was
reversed, and the brawling river
set to work to repair the damage it
had wrought. Still continuing to
tear out. with the same restless
energy, in the heart of the moun
tains, it carried down its spoil to
fill up the great gash it had made,
...-11 t e . , ,
aim win nacK irom me sea, uy a
slow but steady process of conquest,
extending over conntles ages, that
which the sea had won, in a night
perhaps. Filling; in, as does a sluic
ing engineer, to right and left, by
switching- the feeding stream, keep
ing the whole face level, the river
fought hack the reluctant sea, cling
ing desperately to every inch that it
gained. However angrily the in
coming surges roared and trembled
aiKi iVvtyjIit, like infuriated mon
sters blhtd with rage, sometimes
i beating- back the invading
sometimes endeavoring to
sweep it a stay into the silent depths
of its own li bovoni. the effort was
vain. The vlork of restoration went
steadily forward: madly at times,
as great roaring freshets came tear
ing down from the mountains, bear-
nig traiuioads ot material, Huge
rocks, and stones, and trees plums
in the pudding" of finer stuff. These
woru busy days, along the whole
hue of action, no less than at the
mouth, where all this material was
to he placed, rnpidlv as if came, and
yet wisely, for all time. Then there
were slack days, when the stream
ran low, and worked quietly, depos
iting fine silt, to fill in the gaps and
smooth uj) the finish.
So the work of repair went on,
through ages countless, perhaps,
but not so countless as those dark
ages of destruction.
And there were stages of the un-
finished product, when over large
areas the result might seem to be
uncertain, where in broad stretches
of salt marsh the sea clung sullen
ly to its own, and defied the river to
use what it had won.
At some period of this unfinished
condition the first Hawaiian or
was it some earlier race? must
have come upon the stage, and given
ti. Vallev its fitting name. Hana-lei
tue i;ay ot wamps a name
which has outlasted the sense of its
significance, and runs back to some
earlier stage of the language when
I fana was the common word for bay
for we find it frequently used in
Hawaiian names of bays.
Siill. for untold ages perhaps, the
finishing process went on; the
rounding and softening of outlines,
the polishing out of the tool marks,
the urrinding in of the "filler," the
tippling in of softer tones, the veil
ing of the landscape with an even
finer web replacing one flora with
ano lur. So the work went on,
until, at length, we have the finished
beauty of the modern llanalei.
Xr is all this, .assuredly, mere
gri.tuitous assumption, mere imag
inative rcmauce. Romance it may
e .'i'l in vc i t -leptii
r ihe a-
vi "l II".
lne.-e aie tue vimpie but significant!
l u-l.s which must stand sponsor fori
the romance: facts which, it seems'
to nie, admit of nn other explana-!
in one significant respect, at
least, the 1 lanalei will not take odds
of any river in the world that is
in the wealth and variety of scencrv
if mi iniii-. .iosi rivers are slow i
moving- pictures on very long films.
Very gradually, and throudi manv
, miles of distance, vmi pass from
the sea coast scenery of the mouth,
through the midlands, to the moun
tain scenery of the source. The man
who sees the one often has no
knowledge at all of the other. The
llanalei furnishes, in one magnifi-,
cent panorama, the whole varied
range of its beauties, all to be com
passed in one discriminating survey.
At any selected spot, overlooking
the river, one may trace its whole
omet story from its birth in the.
cloud-capped mountains to its depth
in the boundless sea. Turning one
way, the outlook faces the vast
stretches of the broad ocean the
graceful sweep of the crescent bav
1 ringed with foam breaking on the
yellow sand and flecked with the
white sail of fishing canoe or Jap
anese sampan. Turning the other
way. there are the green' sunlit foot-
nills, merging- into the nearby Xa
Molokama mountains, 4CXX)' feet
high, and scarcely more than 4000
feet away, wreathed with tropical
verdure, and traced with while fila
ments of waterfall, with wondrous
play of shifting light and shadow.
While at ymir feet lies the silver rib
bon of the little river, winding back
md forth, bent on getting in all the
j length possible in such confined
So small a river, with so uncom
mercial a history, has naturally but
i modest story to tell as a highway
water transportation appeals ma
ly to heavy traffic, larger bod
that move slowly. The primitive
Hawaiian had no such traffic. !'
was easier to carry his few heads
of taro, or bundles of lauhala or
wauke, across land than to propel
his heavy dugout canoe by water.
I'esides, the river was so winding
that you had to paddle all over the
valley before you got anywhere:
was quicker to cut across. Accord
ingly, we may well suppose that
there was never much canoe traffic
on the river, only now and then
some lone fisherman angling' the
quiet waters for mullet or cat-fish.
I!ut with the advent of the white
man came the need for a kirovr
traffic. First coffee, then silk gave
promise of commercial importance,
but went their early way to failure.
Finally sugar came to stay. A mill
was built at Kuakea, midway on
the banks of the little river,' and
cane was planted in large areas up
and down the valley.
Now, in those early days, and
more recent ones as well, the crucial
problem of the sugar business was
transportation how to get the vast
tonnage of cane, day by day, from
the field to the mill, and especially
how to do it in all kinds of weather,
and over all kinds of roads. The
smooth, easy-going, ever-ready wa
terway appealed mightily to the
worried planter, driven to despera
tion by refractory oxen and de
crepit carts, and miry mud-holes, all
of which factors combined to keen
his mill standing idle, while the cane
rotted, or was devoured bv rats, in
jJie fields. So the river was adopt
"l as the highway of this traffic.
Great barges were built n.l
launched or its quiet waters, and
lowed single or tandem by Ion"
strings of patient oxen, ploddum
iloug the k; 'ik. while men with Ion"
poles counteracted the bias mill !'
Continued ou page 4.
hliihil Fi ( e
High Flight Flour
White River Flcur
I'll st Grade
I F. L. Waldron, Ltd.
" ,' ivv'Ot
Ye Mammutli Iti-iil 15. tt now
liMim nt the liuuikii-Kwii CKirhernf
where li irt ami lli.tcl h tit ft a meet
(I'uiitlieon I'liil.linir). l;,.in)Pr
t!i. new l.K uti.ni when you write,
or when ynii e-mie to the Cnpitul.
We moved to Ihtt qunrt(TH, in
a splendid huildiiig. liocauiv .f in
rn'iising trade ,li;r to the ivhI
worth of the sin-. we e.
People an- realizing tnorp than
ever In-fore Hint Keyal Shown rr
ioo.l Slnxs until th.-y an- com
pletely worn out by long wenr.
Yet they cott no more tbra
poorer shoes, and everybody in
theJerritory pnys the same price
"fop a pa jr.'
MV pay all I'.im-I V,mt ehur-s.
Regal Boot Shop
Stoves and Refrigerator J
W. W. Dimv.id & Co. '
The House of Housewares j
Prices are always right
Service the Best
Prices are always right I
j W. W. Dimcnd&Co.,Ltd.
j .Vl-ii.'. King St. , Honolulu j
Office Supply Co., Ltd.
iioNom.r, t. ii.
Am-iitH for the
mid dculcrx in OihYf Stationery
H"d Filing Systems.
Carry a complete Mock of thtr
(iloU--Wernicke l'iliny Cabinet
J J Jl
All repair on typewriter ymuan-ti-cd
Airy Kooms Center of City
251 Vineyard St
Mr. C. Miltmr, prop. Honolulu