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THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1914
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 104
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
Autos and light machinery repaired.
Plumbing and gas fittings. Agents for Fisk
and Goodrich Tires and Tubes, Chalmers,
Ford, Studebaker, Velie, Federal and
Agents for the Inter Island Steam Navigation
Co., Ltd., at Nawiliwili, Kauai
$3.00 will buy a
pair Youths', Boys'
or Men's Black or
Every pair guaran
teed. Low in price.
High in quality.
Ol BENSON, SMITH & CO., LTD. Jj
WpiiU Hox -Wit. Honolulu
f5 Assorted Cliocolatos ami Htm linns (. u-r pmincl; fl.i'." ll
f'l two pounds. Milk (MioiNilates .WV simill hox; $1.00
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
buys and sells
REAL ESTATE and
STOCKS and BONDS
and rents SFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Fort and Merchant Sts. ... Honolulu
Telephone No. 102.
Excelsior Boy Scouts
of Ordinary Shoes
You will be simply amazed at the
length of time tbese boys' shoe9 will
wear. Yet they are soft and fit like a
glove. Material is genuine Elk leather,
tanned by our secret process. Soles are
pecially fastened, can't pull off, and will
utwear two pairs of ordinary shoes. No
linings. Greatest boys' shoes ever made.
i Ja:rp Shot
Store Honolulu j
Have gone up in price. We are still
selling some beauties at the old figure.
Vieira Jewerly Co., Ltd.
115 Hotel St.
THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF
KAUAI THIRTY YEARS A6
By. T. 11.
The following article by T. H.r;ui up lu teacher's dusk, got
Gibson, formerly superintendent
of education, was written for tke
Christmas number of TI1K GAR-
DUN ISLAND but was regretta
bly crowded out:
Thirty rears aero a teacher com
ing from the mainland felt that he
had a half-holiday each dav in Ha
waii when he found that schools
loscd at two o'clock. In those
days little was known of these Is
lands, and the teachers friends
thought of him as a missionary go
ing to a land of barbarism and can
nibals. But when he arrived and
found a well-established school sys
tem older and in many respects su
perior to tliat wlncli lie nail been
accustomed to, he was agreeably
The absence of a multitude of
ules and iron-clad regulations
seemeu aiso a reuei and leu me
teacher some initiative. As a school
agent expressed it, "When a man
is placed in charge of a school here
we suppose him to be a scholar and
i gentleman and a man of experi
ence, so we know that lie will do
what is best and we let him alone."
This policy seemed to work out all
right, at least on Kauai, as none
of the principals I knew at that time
failed to live up to the trust reposed
in them, although it was reported
that one principal attended faith
fully to his duty in school when he
.mild spare the time from his store.
Thirty years ago there were tv:
classes -of public schools the com
mon schools, taught in Hawaiian
and tnc select schools, taught in
English. In 1884 there were "
public schools, 22 teachers, and 7,?C
pupils on the islands of Kauai anc
Xiihau. Six of these were select.
ir English, Schools.
Waimea 2 teachers; T. II. Gib
Koloa ,i teachers ; I. K. Barkett.
Lihue 3 teachers; II. S. Town
Kapaa 2 teachers ; Burr, prin
Kilauea 1 teacher'; J. B. Alex
Ilanalei 1 teacher; E. Murray
1 lie iiiaioriiy oi uie pupils in
these schools were 1 lawaiian. W'ai
mea had a few German, Norwe
gian and Portuguese. Koloa had a
larger number of German children
t Lihue there was quite a Ger
man population, but the children at
tended the German school. Kilaum
had a number of Portuguese; I la
nalei was almost entirely Hawaiian.
At that time a tuition fee of $5
per annum for each pupil vas
ed m tne select school
was customary for Hawaiian par
ents to send their children at firs
to the free common schools and
transfer them later, especially those
who seemed to be bright, to the se
lect schools, so that nearly all thos
who entered the select schools had
already learned to read and writ
Hawaiian and had formed habits
that hindered their progress in tlv
The common schools had deteri
orated, and from this time on grad
ually died out. One Hawaiian par
cut, when advised to send his boy to
the common school and thus save
the tuition fee, as he seemed to be
making no progress in the English
school, voiced the general sentiment
among the Ilawaiians at that time in
regard to the common schools:!
..in U'l .
riease try mtie more. nen mv
boy come this school I know he
learn to have clean hand and face
every day; he come ') o'clock, he
ro 2 o'clock. I le learn obey. That
something. I le go native school, he
I once visited what was consid
ered a very good native school. The
teacher was a middle-aged man of
considerable dignity, though bare
footed and clad simply in under
shirt and dungarees. There were
about twenty-five children present.
For a while there seemed to be
fairly good order, but when the chil-
i dren got accustomed to the visitor
i the room became a perfect Babel.
Once w hen the teacher was absorb
ed in working a difficult problem for
the highest class, the members of
which were crowded around his
I desk and noisily discussing the mat-
ter, the rest of the children were
variously engaged in reading aloud,
talking, singing and fighting. This
i continued until a part-1 lawaiian boy
the guava stick and, cominencinir at
one side til" the room, laid it on vig
orously and impartially until order
was restored. The only one spared
was 1 'tier's scat-mate, the cleanest
and best-dressed little girl in the
room. .s soon as anyone became
obstreperous, Peter rushed at him
with the guava stick and quieted
him. Nobody seemed to resent Pe
ter's chastisement or to question his
authority, and the teacher went on
with the troublesome problem, ap
parently oblivious of anything else
that was goinir on.
I do not wish to cast any reflec
tions on the Hawaiian common
schools. They did good service,
and on their teaching force were
many noble and capable men, but
trom several causes there was a
general falling away from the for
mer higher standards.
Kolua was the leading school of
the island at that time in organiza
tion and scholarship. This was due
to the ability and unflagging interest
in his work of the principal, Mr.
J. K. Jlurkett. He came to Koloa
about 186 and' was in charge of
this school until about 1900, when
he was appointed inspector of
schools for Kauai and Oahu.
It was customary twenty-five to
thirty years ago for the hoard to
appoint a principal and expect him
to take the best available assistants,
as a rule inexperienced and poorly
educated girls, and train them to
teacn. i he majority ot those as
sistants couldn't pass the entrance
examination to the sixth grade now.
But we couldn't expect much foi
the salaries paid $25, ?30 or $40 a
Even under these conditions the
Kauai schools were always said to
stand in the front rank and to cost
less pro rata than those of other
island.-, and .several of her principals
were promoted to larger fields. Oi
the Kauai teachers who were on the
force twenty-rive to thirty years ago,
none whom 1 remember are now
in the schools. 1 1. S. Townscnd ac
cepted a position in the llilo Boys'
Boarding School, later was in Ka
mehamclia and I.ahainaluna. and in
18'T) was appointed inspector gen
eral of schools. He left in 1('01 U
take a responsible position in the
J. F. Scott, formerly at Kapaa
and later at Waimea; was trans
ferred to Oahu and later appointed
secretary of the department.
W. T. Lucas, who succeeded Mr.
Townscnd at Lihue and did much to
make that the leading school of the
island, resigned his position to take
up a business career, and was so
successful that he rose to be the
head of one of the largest firms in
H. T. Wishard, also of the Lihue
school, was one of the most popular
teachers of the old davs. He, too
left the service, but did not lo-e his
interest in school work, and a:
chairman of the Board of Supervis
ors has done trood work lor the
. L. Uavis ot ilanalei was an
active member of the teachers' as
sociation. I le was promoted to an
inspectorship, afterwards appointed
superintendent ot public instruction
and is now principal of the Koyal
School in I lonolulu.
J. B. .Alexander was transferred
from Kilauea to Lihue, where he
was principal until four years ago
when he resigned to travel and eon-
j tiuue his education in Europe.
Of these old-timers, as thev call
. .. it
us now, .Murray. cott and Mica
have gone to iom tne great ma-
While Kauai has now five times
as many teachers and pupils, with
better trained and better educated
teachers generally, better organized
and equipped schools, the teachers'
work is no more interesting now
than it was then, and the teachers of
twenty-five or thirty years ago could
give as good an account of them
selves as the present corps, whether
in the schoolroom, at the association
meeting, or in the social hall.
A few breeding pens of S. C.
White Leghorns and Barred Ply
mouth Rocks-all pure bred birds
from imported stock. Also settings
of eggs from both varieties.
Apply P. O. Box 65.. Lihue,
BONUS TO BE PI
Following is an extract from an
article appearing in the Honolulu
Advertiser of last Wednesday", the
information being ot local interest:
The bonus pa id the laborers on
Hawaiian plantations for the crop
just harvested foots up about
three quarters of a million dollars.
This bonus is paid bv the planters
to all laborers receiving 24 or less
per month if sugar stlls at an aver
age price of $70 or more per ton.
The laborers who participate in
the preiniun are all those who show
a record of twenty days' labor per
month during the plantation year.
The yearly average price is de
termined by adding together the
daily New York sugar quotations
and dividing this total bv 365.
Thus the total daily prices for the
year ending October 31, 1914, was
1364.6471 cents. Dividing by 365
days the quotient is 3.7337 cents
per pound, equal to $74.77 per
ton. This gives a percentage bonu?
of five per cent, and those laborers
who have fulfilled the requirements
and are entitled to the premium
receive from the plantations a five
per cent gratuity o n the total
wages paid them during the year.
Card From Mr. Stubbs
Editor, Gardkn Island:
Will yon permit me, through
your columns to express mv warm
appreciation of the kindness and
hospit lily extended to tne dining
my recent tour of Kauai. The
Miuisterls of Religion, Chamber
of Commerce, planters and citizens,
all showed an appreciation ot niv
efforts to inform and entertain that
was most gra.;f ing. Unfortunate
ly it is not everywhere, as experi
ence has taught me, that a visitor,
even when properly introduced.
can look for such treatment. But
yours are a kind am: hospitable
people, and your island the most
beautiful of all the beautiful
Hawaiian Islands. Mav your
prosperity and happiness long con
tinue, and the sympathy and good
will which does not disdain to ex
tend itself even to the slrangtr
vi thin your gales.
"THE NEW YEAR"
By J. A. Com its (the Laid of
Our wheel of life lias turned again,
Let's let it pass and look beyond,
'Tis best to dream ahead as when
In childhood's days of yearnings
Let's dream of what this vear will
Let's plan to make it one of pence.
Let each one do his own something
To help to make all troubles
Tho this be much, it can be done
If each of us will do his part
And will not pause until we've won
For our own selves a better heart.
Let's look beyond the faults we see
And choose the good that's in
How much will this change you
'Twill bring us close to God
Paper Bags, Twines,
Till'. LA ROUST
IN TIIK TU.RR1TORY
MAIL nRUU.RS PROMPTLY
PAPER CO., LTD.
Fort nd Queen Streets
GEO. G. GUILD. Vice Pr.i & Mgr
THE BANK OF HAWAII,
LiHfR. Kauai, Hawaii
Deposits are receivej subject
to check. Certificates of de
posit issued payable- on de
mand. Loans made on up
Drafts Drawn on
San Francisco Berlin
New York Hong Kong
Interest paid on Savings De
posits. 4 per cent on ordi
nary and 4 per cent on Term
Deposits. Ordinary Savings
-Deposits will be received up to
$2,500 in any one account.
Safi; Dkwsit Boxks for
Ki'nt $2 and S3 a Year
Real Estate and Insurance
NO. 125131 MERCHANT ST.
P. O. Box No 594 Honolulu
Wholesale and Retail Groceries
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.
YOU will always reineiulier your trip
Till'. AM KRK'AN UONTTNKNT
If you travel via
'flu1 Seenie Line of the World
Fc.illii r Rior Canyon aiul llie
Denver & Rio Grande
l'RKI) L. WAI.DRpN, LTD., Agents
L. Y. TIM
Has entered the rent ser
vice, and has provided him
self with a big
Special attention paid to
commercial travelers. Rea
sonable rates to all parts of
j J vS
J J J
DICK OLIVER, Manager
Olfice Supply Co., Ltd.
HONOLULU, T. II.
. J J
Audits for tin
aiul ili-altTH in Ollice Stationery
uuil KiliiiK Sjhtcms.
Carry a eoniplcln htook of tlm
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