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THE OARDHN ISLAND TUESDAY, FEBRURAY 9, 1915,
J .1 -I
DICK OLIVER, Manner
05 :e Sjpply Co., Ltd
iKiNoi.ri.r, t. n.
Agents for tin1
aii'l dealer in Oilici- Stationery
and Filing Sj sterns.
Curry n rnnipleti! s,U el t!i
ilolie-Wernirki: Filing ('jilii'n t
All n-puiis mi typewriters i;imian
teed fatNfartnry. .
it-; -v i
jV,:' I d ...
Twenty-two elegant rooms
In Main Building
Three Airy Cottages
Cuisine unexcelled in count y
W. H. Rice, Jr.,
.jyA-y lya'-jy a: aJ
HONOLULU MONUMENT WORKS, Ltd.
1'. . :,K v.ti H..nnlu!u.
Paper Bags, Twines,
XI IK I.AKliK.-T
in Tin: Ti:i;i;rjoi:v
mail i;!i:i;s I-K M I'JI.Y
at'j i:im:i to "
THE BANK OF HAWAII,
Lihl'k, Kauai, Hawaii
Deposits are received suhject
to check. Certificates of de
posit issued payable on de
mand. Loans made on ap
Dkaits Dkawn UN
San Francisco Berlin
New York Hong Kong
Savings Dkia kt.m knt
Interest paid on Saving's De
posits. 4 per cent on ordi
nary and 4 per cent on Term
Deposits. Ordinary .Savings
Deposits will he received up 10
$2,500 in any one account.
Saii- Dki'osit Boxi:s i-ot
RlCNT $2 AND $3 A YKAK
AMERICAN II AWAil AN
PAPER CO., LTD.
Fort and Queen Streets
GEO. G. GUILD, Vice Prei & Mgr
LIFORNIA FEED CO.
JlAV, r.KAIX AND ClIIC'KKN
Sole Agents for
Ir.ti-niiiliniiiii Muck. I'... i!t rv Fml
H"I "0i. r iei::lti,-. Aral.ie ior
iii'-' Jr 'M I.'i..h. IVtsiInnia In-
euluitiii-' ;iii. !;r,er.-s.
Kinc.'s Si'i-xiAi. Chick I'himi
1'. O. Box 452,
L. Y. TIM
Has entered the rent ser
vice, nnd has provided him:
self with a big
Special attention paid to
commercial travelers. Rea
sonable rates to all parts of
JIVKKV'I him; in tjik
''W YKK AND I)
'' I C!I Cl'T ( 1 I.A--S '. Nil
Art (', .ud:-,.
Ml- KCIIAN'USi: ()! tiu;
Bl ST (.JCAI.ITV O.M.N .
' Lkadinc; Jkvki.krs.
P. O. Box 342 Honolulu
The History of Lihue
fflji OCrs. IK U. Hk, Jr.
(Continued from last issue.)
In the early davs of the nlanla-1 on various hills as was their cus-
tion sugar cane was cultivated very i torn but the need for one more
V(Jl" will jilw-iiys leineinlK-r
TUB A.MFKK'AN (ONTIM:.T
If yull ti-itvel via
Tlie Se. hie Line ,.f tin- W'i.iM
I'eatlier l;ier Cany. .ii au.l tlie
Denver & Rio Grande
I-li i:i 1.. WAI.KUOV, LTD., Ayeiiis
;-.!y ::el. aim null!
n .-ni i.
Hawaii Soi:il; Seas Curio
NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS
JUS. F. MORBA
Real Estate and Insurance
XO. 125131 Ml-RCIIAXT ST.
P O. Box Xo 591 Honolulu
()! i'Jl.5 TAX K ATM.
j The Bcal and Personal properly
j of the I-'onrih Taxation Division
will bj l ixed at the rate of 1.3s' j
per hundicd, S13 85 per thousand,
; dollars valuation, for the purposes
.set forth in Section 5 of Act 145,
(Session Laws 1911; to wit:
' For Current Kxpcnses of County;
'For IVrm.'.-K-.it Impi o enicts;
For .Sc!ic..! ,;
For Interest and Sinking Fund on
Bonds allowed to County:
F o r As.s.s in:; a u d Collecting
J. K. l AlU.I-iV,
nil tn i .- ::o.i Divisiun,
lai, J.;i!ii.'i-y .'v, 1915.
difi'trently from the present clay,
being planted in hills. An early
letter from Judge V. L. Let in
1S55, mentions the methods of
cane planting in Louisiana, which
he observed on a trip through that
state. I quote from his letter.
"While passing .through the
large plantations in Louisiana, I
not:ced that they planted the cane
in roll's and not in hills, about 8
feet apart and kept the mules
and ploughs going between these
straight lines of cane almost con
stanlly. Some of the fields were a
mile or more long and looked beau
ti fully while on other plantations
the cane looked as poor and sickly
as any I ever saw at Lihue." It
was probably Judge Lee's letter
that brought about a change in the
early methods on Lihue Plantation
The first rollers for the mill were
granite and were brought from
China in 1S52 and were run by-
cattle or mules later on bv water
power. If in haste too much cane
wf re thrust into the rollers work
would cease until all hands jump
ed on the flv wheel to start things
going again. The cane was convey
ed to the mill by o;;-carts and the
animals constituted a very import
ant item in the inventory of the
plantation. In the early days there
were about bullock carts, later
increasing to 30 carts and about
600 oxen. Three pairs were ap
portioned to each cart, each pair
having to serve about a week in
every three weeks. They became
very cunning in their efforts to
avoid yoking, some would run and
lie down, refusing to get up until
forced to do so, others would es
cape to canefields to hide. ICach
animal had his name which he
knew perfectly, also the side up
on which he should be yoked. In
tho rainy season the hauling of the
cane to tiie mill by the carts caused
Ihe roads to become almost impass
able veritable taro-patches in fact
and inconceivable to those who are
only acquainted with macadamized
'Ihe amount of tillable land
necessary for the pasturage of so
many animals, the force of labor
ers required to care foi them and
Ihe crudeness of this method of
hauling, caused the installation of
a system of railways in 1891 , which
tho' costly has proved a measure
of true economy in the end.
-it me time ot Air. Kice s in
cuinbcncy the manager's salary was
four hundred dollars per annum
and a house ami what could be
grown on his own premises. In ad
dition to his duties as manaeer he
acted as, District Attorney lor the
Kauai Circuit, a position he was
ably fitted to fill. To him also must
credit be extended for the generous
number of fruit trees in the various
vulk-vs of Lihue, he becoming thus
the pioneer of tree planting here
Kauai has taken the lead of the
other Islands in forestration mat
Uts, the credit being due to Mr.
Paul Isenberg, Sr., Mr. (i. X
Wilcox, Mr. and Mrs. Hans Isen
berg, Wr. Win. Hyde Rice and
i. .t e. . .
i ne niui ot tne cany nays was
supplied with fuel from the "old
trash yard . so called, at the too
ol the hill, whither it was carried
by ox-carts to dry. Certain oxen
weie reserved tor these ox-carts
done, due to their aptitude at
backing. The trash houses w re
about 150 x 45 feet with thatched
roofs and were wide enough to al
low two ox carts to pass. A gang
of Hawaiian women was kept to
dry the trash by tossing and turn
ing it. Mr. Rice recalls how as a
boy lie watched with excitement
the rise and fall and final collapse
of a thatch roof on a new trash
house, durinir a southerly storm.
On the point of the hHl beyond
this trash yard was laid out the
original cemetary of Lihue. The
Hawaiians, of couise, hail their
cemetery near the church and also
cemetery was felt when occurred
the death of a stranger, from off
one of the whale ships, in whom
Mother Rice" interested herself
and did much to ease his last davs
As a token of his appreciation he
presented her with the carven
ugure or a mtie. man peering
through a spy glass. This little
man has for years stood above the
entrance to the Lihue Store and
when the fine new building was
ctected a niche on the front corner
was reserved for him.
The cemetery has been largely
added to and laid out with an eye
to its natural beauties. In it was
placed in 1912 the beautiful white
marble momument, the handiwork
of Stephen Sinding, of Norway.
This monument was presented to
the Cemetery Association by Mr.
and Mrs. Hans Isenberg Mr. and
Mrs. Paul Isenberg and Mrs. C.
M. Cooke and is considered one
of the finest pieces of work of its
kind west of the Mississippi.
The original fields of Lihue
Plantation were the large field
back of and below the County
Building and the large field of Ha
lo, in front of the Doctor's resi
dence and running up back of Mr
Isenberg's residence. The first
stone walls or fences in the whole
open country hereabouts were the
ones crossing the'Tield opposite the
hotel and on the left hand side of
the road running up to-Mr. W.
II. Rice's residence. The early
Hawaiians excelled in the art of
stone-wall making. Labor w a s
scarce on the Plantation a n
through Manager Rice's efforts the
first Chinese labor was introduced
in 1S55. A gang, subsequently sus
pected of being ex-river pirates
and proving hard to control and
greatly feared by the white resi
dents, were the first. Mr, II. A.
ldemann (who came to Kauai
originally as tutor for the Brown
family at Wailua) while employed
on Lihue Plantation had once the
lively experience ot being chased
by this gang, being opportunely
rescued by two Hawaiian paniolas
Nika and Kuili, who used their
lassoes effective!". Tncse men Nika
and Kuili were expert lassoers and
inciuentallv cattle thieves, their
haven of refuge being a clump of
koa trees ..rear the stream in Ka
Mr. Wideman remained with
Lihue Plantation until he purchas
ed the Marshsll and Pease lands,
which now compose Grove Farm
Plantation, and to which he moved
in 1856 afterwards marrying an
estimable Hawaiian resident, by
whom he had a large family, thus
adding one more home to the slow
ly growing community, He also
acted for some years as Sheriff of
the Island, but disposing of his
interests in 1864 to Mr. G. N. Wil
cox, lie moved to one ot the other
During Mr. Rice's management
he was much annoyed with incom
petent sugar boilers. It required
three months then to make 300
tons of sugar and the art of boiling
sugar in open kettles was not easi
ly acquired. Mr. Rice was forced
to see much good syrup burnt and
useless being consequently thrown
to the pigs, which were kept handy
for that purpose. However such
troubles ceased when Mr. Prevot,
from Louisiana, was engaged. He
villained some years, acquiring
two shares of stock in the com
pany, which same he some years
later, after retiring to F'rance to
live, sold to Mr. Paul Isenberg for
S20.000.00 a share. Mr. Prevot!
taught sugar boiling to Mr. Carlj
Isenberg who succeeded him.
While speaking of early d;tVs of!
the mill it is interesting to hear ot
the difficulties attendant on gett'iig !
repairs made. The old steamer "A-!
kamai," in which Mr. and Mrs. ;
Rice and family first came to Ka
uai in 1854, and which later turned
turtle in Pearl Harbor, was sue-
ceeded by the "West Point." j
(Continued in uext'issue.) I
We have found it a
fact that most of the
people who once wear
($5 & $6)
invariably re-order the same
kind. That's proof of quality.
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
Conned up a centrifugal pump
to a Westinghouse Motor
and your irrigation troubles are
Let our expert ex
plain why, in detail
Hawaiian Electric Co., Ltd.
Up-to-date Livery, Drayiug and Boarding Stable a d Auto- J
AUTOMOBILE STAGE-LINE !
BETWEEN LIHUE and KEKAHA
Leaving Lihue every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Leaving Kekaha -.-very Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
ARRIVING AT TIIK IR DKSTIXATIOX IX TURKU HOURS f
W. WEBER Manager. '
Telephone 4 W Waimea P. O. Box 48 I
W College iViifcsa ffficSeS!
9 H you nttrnd aiiv of tlie Jp?V?S?
big college game ou ill find nSSK 2ts!58
I hat tlie halt nhno-t i:iv.iria!.v
H uwn iiiu M'.;'. , 1! w-I- I i I flj.r. s -
Mf'.iV t I.- .1 . f i t . I. ... V-'V C
Collie men won't l,:i-' t'.nvth:v
but tlie JthST - ll-.ui'f. v. !. v thev all
ColltRc mm Uow too t'..it ! ... .
(Vmt-iioan u-aeue for Lnj.-ars. nuTt ,s ii,L- Oii.cY
latum. . . article or v ""'i.' ""-'?" 01 :
Tin. la-'.rH oi't'ii-iA !.i;Tsr. im 1 1 Zriw "a
fi-toptt-i! :y 1Uf b
i .'.I. isu oilier v- Jtj
l.!-.ty-li m.-ani satis- C1 M
it-.u uudtr ii.no.. a
"t'lH. ri'oj;. 3T
l.i:. tin t i ,l,i". I It
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd. -
for the Territory of Hawaii
The right kind of
Tool for every pur
ics to gardening.
Write us about
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber and Building Materials