Newspaper Page Text
TUB GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY APRIL 13, 1915,
HONOLULU MONUMENT WORKS, Ltd.
1'. O. 15ox 491
Paper Bags, Twines,
IN THE TEUKITOUY
MAIL ORDERS PIIOMITLY
PAPER CO, LTD.
Fort nd pueen Streets
GEO. G. GUILD. Vice Pre. & Mgr
CALIFORNIA FEED CO.
Hay, Grain axd' Chickicn
Sole Agents far
International Stock. l'onllry Food
ami other specialties. Arabic for
coolinjr Iron Roofs. Pciuhiiiia In
cubators and Brooders.
King's Special Chick Food
P. O. Box 452, Honolulu
evekytuincs in the
Silver and Gold Line,
Rich Cut Glass and
Merchandise of the -Best
P. O. Box 342 II. ;olulu
Wholesale and Retail Groceiie
Dry Goods of all Descriptions.
We carry all the best grades
of paper, stationery, and of
We will give your mail or
der the same eare and prompt
attention that you would re
ceive in person
Drop us a line.
Lamest Cleaners and Most
S.mitar v Establishment in the
Territory of Hawaii.
' v v
Ilidli Class Work.
Laundry Returned 1y
Free of Gierke
To All Towns On Kniiai.
777 King Street
"The paramount thing is
to save. No man has any
business to spend all he
makes. He has no right
to expect continuous help
from those around him.
Even if he makes but
five or six dollars a week
he should save one. It
may not be easy, but one
dollar pieces will add
Start a Savings Account.
V'e neatly pack and maJl
1 luuniian Souvenirs.
Hawaii & South Seas Curio
Besides the famous Re
gal Shoes, we also sell
the Nettleton Shoes for
Men ($7) and the Wich-
ert & Gardiner Shoes
for Wc;v.on. Either of'
the three bcands are
sure to give absolute
The Footograph System as
sures your getting the cor
REGAL SHOE STORE
Pantheon Building Honolulu.
HON. if. 0. SMITH'S PAPER
11 THE HIST0IY OF KOLOi
(Continued from last issue.)
Sugn h made early in thef "ria1" per dav and later f5 per
centurv. and nt first the machinery month. A real was a small silver
and the uppiiances used were of ai Mexicai: coin and wr.s of the value
very pr'i. i'..ve character. Chinese ot one cigni oi a dollar or :.:;
have le.u j -en the credit of being) cents. The coinage w.ii silv-.r,
the fir : .-ir . nianutacttirers in the ! and . the d liars were mainlv of
Islands, tisina idlers made o f
granite to express the juice. The
Koloa Plantation was started bv
Ladd & Co. about 1835. Before!
this time there was n small s'igar
mill at Mahaulepu. There were also
a small Mvar mill at Manoa near
Honolulu, one tt Hilo and one or
Tl.e first mill of the Koloa
Plantation was at Maulili and was
run ly water power, and later it
was moved up to the center of Ko
loa where it was in operation in
Mexicm: coinage and consisted of
Pesos and ?.ls.' French five-franc
pieces vt ere also common.
The food which the workman
ii-ed consisted mainly of poi and
fi.-di. Many of the natives grew
their own taro. A bundle of paiai,
weighing about thirty pounds and
woith twenty-five cents, w o u 1 d
make poi enough to last a man
and his wife for about a week.
The first manager o f Koloa
Plantation whom I temc-mber was
Mr. Samuel Burbank who was a
1842 and continued in operation ; brother-in-law of Dr. R. W. Wood.
until 1914. .
This mill was fi-st run by a tur
bine water-wheel. For many years,
after the juice had Ikcii boiled and
granulated, it was placed in conical
shapod containers a; d the molasses
was drained off. Duii.ig the fifties
the Weston Centrifugal . machines
were introduced which were first
run by water power nnd later by a
steam engine. The cane grown was
soft white native called "Kokea."
For many years the sugar was
sent to market in double mat bags
and later wooden bari -Is or kegs
were used. These Keg. would hold
from 100 to 140 pounds of sugar.
Later still, burlap bags were used
In the early periods only a por
tion of the saccharide m-.tter was
formed into sugar, and there was
a large proportion o f r:olasses
which contained much saccharine
and was exported in b;.;re.s.
Th; appliance for boiling the
juice consisted of a tra;:i of V.jttles,
with a furnace at one end and a
flue running the length of the train
underneath the kettles For quite
a long period the kettles uied'weie
the common whaling "try-pots"'
a they were called; but later ket
tles of a larger diameter and flaring
towards the flanges were introduc
ed. The fuel used was the trash, or
baggase, which was the fibrous
part of the cane after it had been
ground. The mills were of light
construction and weight, and the
power used was not great, so that
then proprietor of the Plantation,.
Before that time Mr. William
Hooper and Mr. Burnham were
connected with the plantation and
I think were respectively managers.
There was also Mr. P. A. Brins
made who was associated with
Ladd & Co. Mrs. Brinsmadc died
at Koloa and was buried in the
cemetary on the hill just below the
Tobev plantation. We children
were quite impressed with the fact
that there was a Greek inscription
on her tombsone, bearing the date
of May 17, 1840. which translated
was "The night cometh."
Mr. Samuel Burbank came from
Philadelphia and was a lawyer by
profession, and when terms of
Supreme Court were held in Hono
lulu the judges were always pleased
when Mr. Burbank could be pres
ent. Mfss Mary Burbank, now
residing in Honolulu, was his old
est daughter, ana his son, Sam
Burbank. way niv boyhood chum.
We were verv fond of each other
but would occassionally disagree,
as boys do, aid sometimes would
conclude our rows by stoning each
Following Mr. Samuel Burbank
his cousin, Mr. John Burbank, was
manager, but later Mr. George H.
Dole who was succeeded by Mr.
Mr. John N. Wright and later by
Mr. A. Haueberg and Mr. Antone
John Burbank was called " Keoni
Lehe-pala" (John sore lip), be-
the trash still retained a consider-rtause his h'Ps were tender and
Hawaiian Kevs Co., Ltd.
Price $:.oO earh.
The feature, of the modern hy
LIGHT, BRIGHT. EVERLAST
ING Cannot Chip, Rust, nor
Taint the Food.
d.hts no more than other make
We invite your inspection of the
'Tiide of the Kitchen."
W. Vt Dimond&Co.,Ltd-
35-4.5 King St. Honulul
able percentage of the juice of the
cane, and in order to make it fit
for fuel it was carted away from the
mill and spread on the ground to
dry and later was stored in long
trash-bouses. Firewood was aiso
Work on the plantation both in
the field and at the mill was carried
on ojwy nve aays oi me ween.
Saturday being devoted to prepar
ing food, washing clothes and oth
er preparations for the Sabbath.
Plowing the fields, transporting
cane and fuel, and all work of like
nature was performed by oxen and
was slow and laborious as compar
ed to present methods.
The molasses made in those days
was far superior to that now made,
as there was so much more saccha
rine; matter in it; the syrup which
was sometimes taken1 from the
"strike pan" was ot superior qua
Sugar cane is considered to be
an exhausting crop but there are
certain areas ot Koloa on which
cane was being cultivated when
my father arrived there in 1842
and which have been cultivated
. wm 11 J
ever since, i ne lanu was anoweu
to lie fallow for a yar or two after
,1 crons of nlant cane and
ratoons, but otherwise the cultiva
tion was practically continuous
The field called Pakikope, mauka
of the manager's residence at Wai
hohonu, was under cultivation in
1842 and, with occasional short
rests, has been cultivated ever
since and produces more sugar per
i acre now than in 1842.
1 The wages paid day laborers
were at first a "real" (pronouueed
Copyright Ht Jttuflnct Ic Mats
, Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
KAUAI CORRESPONDENCE INVITED
Office: Hawaiian Hotel
P. O. Box 524 HONOLULU
When You Come To Honolulu
Or ship freight from or to the City, you require the ser
vices of Reliable Expressmen. We meet all steamers from Ka
uai and are prepared to respond promptly to calls from Kauai
people at the hotels or elsewhere, or to carry out orders by mail.
Mail instructions just as good as'personal interviews. Give us
your orders and we will do the rest.
We arc backed by our reputation for promptness and re
liability. THE RELIABLE TRANSFER COMPANY,
M. K. Gomes, Jr., Proprietor, Honolulu.
PABST BLUE RIBBON BEER
often burned by the sun. Dr,
Wood was called "Kauka poalu
maka" (eye gouge doctor), be
cause he had at one time removed
a patients eye.
Coffee cultivation was tried at
Koloa but it was not successful.
In the sixties Mr. Hollister had
a Tapioca farm and factory where
he' made Tapioca. This industry
was carried on for a number of
years but was not very profitable
Mr. Hollister was an old gentle
man, a lawyer by profession, and
he used to practice law but did not
have much practice. Later his
son, Mr. II. R. Hollister, estab
lished the Hollister Drug Co. in
Among the occasions of inter
est was found the annual session
of the Circuit Court at Li hue. A
Judge of the Supreme Court would !
come from Honolulu and preside .
at the term and the Circuit court j
judge sat with him. For many
years the cases in which foreigners j
were interested were tried before a i
white jury, and in those in which j
Hawaiians were tried there was a !
native jury. Sitting on the jury I
was considered an honor by the j
natives and those who were drawn
as jurymen would proceed to Lihue!
arrived in their best clothes and
Sunday hats and sit at the trials
with much dignity. A native who
had been drawn as a juryman, es
pecially it drawn more than once
and thereafter was not cited, would
feel much hurt and generally would
seek to find out the cause of the
iwoiuinuru in next issue.; t,
GONSALVES & CO., LTD.
Territory of Hawaii.
n fir iin mb i niiii
The Question of Shoes Is No
Problem at All
When you choose the
The Easiest Shoe Ever Made
Large Stock Always On Hand
THE MAKAWELI STORE
Headquarters For BANISTER Shoes