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THE GAJUDWr ISLAND TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1915,
Up-to-date Livery, Draying and Boarding Stable and Auto-
Livery Business. I
AUTOMOBILE STAGE-LINE !
BETWEEN LIHUE and KEKAHA I
Leaving Lihue every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Leaving Kekaha every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. I
ARRIVING AT THEIR DESTINATION IN THRKK HOURS
F. WEBER Manager. j
Telephone 43 W Waimea P. O. Box 71
High Class Watch and Jewelry Repairing
All Work. Guaranteed For One Year.
J. M. SILVA
P. O. Box 50.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Telephone No. 102.
fW $ g Agent kou Kauai IfiK
f MM MILES THE BEST T1RETO
j jgJ They average 25 per cent jj J
il lilt moie an ther Tires. Iff j J
m wV stoc carrec at Jmi J
All the Bio
If you attend any cf tlie tVvV
big college pamei you w ill tind J. -J. v
that the hail aliiiot invmiably ;'v 't?.sv
AMERICAS Lr.A(5l e p.all. v-:iyAV ta1
but i:,;: thrs v. !.y f.vy ail Xi
Collefre men kno,r too that i,. Rc.uh Hall has brtn a.loiiir.t hv tlie
T.?e Trade-mark an all Sporllna Coeds Is .1 guarantee at q'u iHty-lt mean? ulla.
faction, a nrw .irllrle nr vimr mmw . '..'VL " ""I""'
tik Th h i 4 1 1 1 1 r v 1 'li t ,7:.vr,,v, " unnc' "
- JV uuii ii uuaiciB ui Dj imtu
7eo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Hawaii
We have found it a
fact that most of the
people who once wear
($5 & $6)
invariably re-order the same
kind. That's proof of quality.
Manufacturers' Shoe Store
Another Sketch of Koloa
By J. M LyJgate
At the recent meeting of the
Kauai Historical Society, two
papers on the early history of the
town were read one by Hon. W.
O. Smith, which hfs just been re
viewed in these columns, and the
olher prepared by Rev. J. M. Lyd
gate, It is the intention of The
Garden Island to reproduce the
latter in full, publishing an instal
ment once a week for about a month,
the start being made in this issue.
Mr. Lvdgate's paper, which, in the
absence of the author from the
meeting, was read bv Mrs. Lyd
gate, was as follows:
Koloa is primarily an ahupuaa of
land extending from the sea to
the mountains; secondarily the
name is applied to the whole re
It is supposed to take its name
Koloa-long cane-from the fine
sugar cane grown there. This de
rivation, however, though support
ed by so good an authority as
Andtew9 in his dictionary, seems
improbable. A more likely deri
vation would seem to be Koloa
muscovy duck. An ili of the same
land is called "Piwai," another
kind of duck.
It was doubtless a place of large
population, and much importance
from early times, as it figures
largely in certain traditions. The
frugality with which every avail
able bit o f taro land has been
worked up, and water applied by
means of expensive ditches would
seem to confirm this conclusion.
We have, so sar as I know, no
reliable information of it prior to
the historical period.
Bingham spent a night there in
May 1824, probably the first white
man to make a near acquaintance
with the place.
After missionary work had been
conducted some 14 or 15 years in
Waimea, it was decided to estab
lish a station at Koloa, and Rev.
P. J. Gulick was transferred thither
from Waimea, where he was then
assisting Mr. Whitney. This was
Arriving in Koloa, they were at
first compelled to live in a small
grass house, a little makai of the
present mission premises, probably
about where Henry Blake and
family now live. This house was
of Hawaiian construction, and was
just such as they themselves lived
in, without floor, or windows,
cramped and low, and very damp
At that time Hukwu was the
Konohiki of the land. Deborah Ka-
pule was the great alii of all the
south side of the island.
She was the relict of Kaumualii,
the last king of Kauai, a very cap
able and efficient woman of much
ruthority and great influence.
She was a ponderous woman six
feet in height and weighing 300 lbs.
or more just such a woman as
Fanny Sabo. Kaikioewa was gov
ernor. Smoking was more or less tabu
so one day, one of the women, to
escape detection, hurriedly stuffed
her pipe into the thatch siding of
the house. In a few moments the
whole house was ablaze, and in no
time was reduced to ashes, in spite
of the frantic attempts of Mr.
Gulick to smother the flames with
This disaster led to the adoption
of adobe as a safer and much more
The new house, when it was
finished, gave them a large mea
sure of satisfaction, since it was
not only comfortable but was plas
tered within and without, and had
a cellar. Also a grass roof. It was
a long narrow, building, located
just mauka of the present Farley
residence, running at right angles
to the stream.
The first church was a grass
structure, after the native style,
large but frail and flimsy. After
a year or two it was necessary to
rebuild, and here also adobe was
adopted. The wood work of the
edifice was constructed by John
Moore, commonly known as the
"Long Carpenter." Bv some neg
lect or oversight the heavy roof
structure wasn't properly secured,
or properly braced, so that all col
lasped, and wrought great hnvoc
j to the whole building. The root
was again thatch, pile grass, which
was th n abundant in all that re
gion. Shingles didn't come into
use till long fitter.
This church, which was dedicat
ed Nov. 23, 1837 was 40x95 feet,
with glass windows on the mauka
side, and the two ends, and lattice
on the mauka side and with a lanai
all around. There ware no seats.
It is retorted to have accommodat
ed as many as 1500 people. It served
the needs of the community until
Dec, 1859, when the present
church was built on the same site
and within the confines of the old
one, evidences of which may still
Some years later, in 1842, an
adobe school house was built 30x50
feet plastered within and without,
and rejoicing in 10 glass windows.
This building was paid for b y
means ef cane cultivated by "Ma
hinahou" labor. It was located
where the present tax office now
stands, just mauka of the church.
It started with 40 pupils.
The Koloa church was organized
in 1835, a nucleus of 12 members,
emigrating from Waimea for that
purpose and taking up their resi
dence a t Koloa. The following
year protracted meetings of some
weeks duration were conducted by
Gulick and Alexander the latter
from Hanalei which created a good
deal of interest in the community.
Deborah Kapule and her people
came over from Wailua, and as the
tesult of this activity and the Wai
lua accession the membership was
brought up to 36.
About 1839 or 1840 Miss Marcia
Smith came to conduct a small
school for the mission children, on
the principal of Mahomet to the
mountain, as the children were
there. There were now three popu
lous families on the Island, the
Whitneys, the Alexanders and the
Gulicks James and W. D. Alex
ander attended this school among
Mr. Gulick planted the fine old
tamarind trees that still graces the
Mission Home. He also broke and
drove the first yoke of oxen on the
Islands, olowing with them, much
to the wonder of the natives, who,
though more or less familiar with
cattle had never seen them used.
Mrs. Gulick taught the native wo
men to make the first pua, or cane
hats and of course taught them
In 1835 Ladd and Co. secured
the lease of a large tract of land in
Koloa from the Government for a
term of 50 years at an annual rent
al of $300. This was only part of
a larger scheme based on a lease
by the King and Govt, of all unoc
cupied lands in the Islands for a
term of 100 years. K. Ill sgrted
to cause to be planted 50 acres for
every miil. Their first plant was
80 acres which thev increased the
following year by 200 more. They
put a dam across the stream at
Maulili where the present road
crosses the stream, and operated
the mill by waterpower, It is spok
en of as a powerful iron mill erect
ed at an expense of $10,000. The
bagasse was dried in the open and
the juice evaporated by open trin.
The sugar was dried by drain
ing in moulds.
It is interesting to note that the
average yield of sugar was 1500
lbs per acre which was considered
very satisfactory. In some excep
tional cases 2000 lbs or one ton to
the acre was secured, but the low
er figure was all that could be re
It is intere'sting also to note that
it is not the meager yields, but the
high price of labor which militates
against the success of the sugar
business on the Islands. The cost ;
of field labor was a day and
(Concluded in next issue.)
The Test of Actual Service
Letters from motomts everywhere on the
Coast tell of , th good service they ae get
ting from Zerolene. i All mak and sizes off '
gas cars are, mentioned. All sorta of road
and working -conditions are recounted.
the Standard Oilr ffofor Cart
Zerolene is the oil that will give
you efficient service. Dealers
everywhere and at all service
stations or agencies.
Standard Oil Company
To reach the Blaisdell Hotel
take any public convfynnoo nt
wharf ami sny "i!lais.lrll Hotel" to
ilrivor. No exiwiiHe to yott for tlie ride.
At tin tttuimli'll Hotel, cetiU-r of
town, you will find everything litflit,
liriiit mid I'lotin. Kvery nook and
corner free from diiHt. Service pnmiit
and polite. (Apply for monthly rates. )
Kootn with detached
bath and pliowpre, fl for
one person,? 1. 50 for two,
Hoom with private lmtlt
and Hhowera, ?l.5() for
one iH'rcon, ?'2 for two,
Every Room an Outside Room
For Farm use and general servid
Low consumption of fuel. Low operating
costs. Of best mechanical construction.
"Stand up well under their load"
Write For Details
Honolulu Iron Works Co., Ltd.
I Let Us Do All Your
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
Territorial Messenger Service
J. I. Silva, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING HOUSES for all kinds of DRY
GOODS, HOOTS SHOES, MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
CIGARS & TOBACCOS and NOTIONS of every description,
FOR WINE, BEER and OTHER LIQUORS, Ring Up 73 W.
Main Office, Eeele, Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W.
THE BANK OF HAWAII,
Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii
Deposits are received suoject
to check. Certificates of de
posit issued payable on de
mand. Loans made on ap
Drafts Drawn on
San Fraucisco Berlin
New York Hong Kong
Interest paid on Savings De
posits. 4 per cent on ordi
nary and 4 per cent on Term
Deposits. Ordinary Savings
Deposits will be received up to
$2,500 in any one account.
Safe Deposit Boxes for
Rent $2 and $3 a Year
Light Portable Railway.
I Track & Cars
! Cut Transportation Costs
I Wet Weather Loses Its
Honolulu Office & Warehouses:
728-744 Alakea Street
The Honolulu Construction &
Draying Co. Ltd., Owners of Ha
waiian Expiess Co. and Nieptr's
Express, assure all Kauai passen
gers arriving at or departing from
Honolulu of prompt baggage de
livery and courteous treatment.
Our drivers are experienced, relia
ble men. Advt.
j HOTEL WAIMEA
j j j
I Breakfast $ .50
Lunch : r : .75
I Dinner l.oi
I Room : ; i.oo!
M Jt jt
DICK OLIVER, Manager