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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, MAY 11. 1915
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(Continued from page 5)
Prisoners From Przmysl (Scm-el)
Petrograd The removal of the prisoners from Przmysl has been
completed, and an official Russian statement gives the following as the
correct number found in the stronghold: Generals, 9; other officers,
2.307; well mcn,130,S97: sick and wounded, 6.80C.
Bryce Wants Reparation
London Viscount Bryce says: "We are all agreed that the utter
most farthing shall be exacted by way of reparation."
Reports Still Conflicting
London Official reports from the battle fronts indicate that both
sides claim successes. Berlin asserts that the Allies have been driven
from fortified positions around Ypres. Sir John French, on the other
hand, asserts that the attacks of the Germans were repulsed.
In Galicia the combined German and Austrian forces are con
tinuing their assaults on a large scale.
Several members of the Yorkshire yeomanry were lost in the
ransport reported recently as having been struck by a torpedo.
Big Baseball Yesterday
Chicago The Philadelphia Nationals were ousted from the first
place by the Chicago Nationals yesterday after a hard fought battle.
In the American League St. Louis beat Detroit, 2 to 1.
Diver Is Taken HI
Honolulu Diver Drellershak was taken ill yesterday while diving
at the submarine F-4. He was an hour in the recompression tank and
(Libau, mentioned yesterday as having been taken by the Germans,
is a Russian seaport in the government of Courland, 145 miles by rail S.
W. of Riga, at the northern extremity of a narrow sandy peninsula which
separates Lake Libau from the Baltic. The town had a population of
64,505 at the last census, but is undoubtedly now much larger, as its
growth in population has been rapid in the past few years. The town
is well built, ol stone, has good gardens and a naval cathedral (1903).
The harbor was originally two miles south of the town, but in 1697 a
canal was dug through the peninsula. It now has a depth of 23 feet
and is free from ice. In 1872 Libau was brought in railway con
nection with Moscow, Orel and Kharkov, since when, on account of
its rapid growth, it has been called "New" Libau.
New Libau possesses large factories for colors, explosives, machin
ery belts, sails and ropes, tobacco, furniture, matches as well as iron
works, agricultural machinery works, tin-plate works, soap works,
saw mills, breweries, oil-mills, cork and linoleum factories and flour
mills. The exports reach the annual total of $27,500,000, oats being
the chief article, with flour, wheat, rye, butter, eggs, spirits, flax,
Jinsced, oilcake, pork, limber, horses and petroleum. Libau was cap
tuied from the Prussian Dukr Albert, in 1701, by Charles XII, of
Sweden,, and was annexed to Russia in 1795. Ed. Gard. Isl.)
Sunday, May 9
Washington Aftei a Cabinet session Secretary Tumulty gave out
last night the first for nial statement that has come from the White
House on the Lusitania affair. It was as follows: "The President feels
the gravity of the situation to the utmost, and is considering it very
earnestly and calmly in an effort to determine the right course" to pur
sue. He knows the wishes of the American people, and knows that
they expect him to act with deliberation and firmness.'
The German Ambassador
New York "Let them think" was the reply of the German am
bassador to questions of a swarm of newspaper men tonight. "Not
one word, as representative of my government," he continued. "I
must be silent until it is officially established that the Lusitania was
sunk by a German submarine."
Lord Beresford's Opinion
London "My belief is," said Lord Beresford today, "that the
Lusitania was deliberately sunk by orders of the German government
in order to compel America to declare war."
Germans Celebrate Disaster
Geneva Despatches received here from Munich declare that the
Lusitania was sunk by submarine U-39. Throughout southern Ger
many there is great rejoicing over the disaster. Housesare bedecked
with flags, and a half holiday 1ms been ordered in the schools in cele
bration of the great "victory"
Berlin Also Approves
London The Berlin newspapers display the news of the sinking
of the Lusitania in tallest type. The event is hailed by them as a new
triumph ior the German navy policy, and an answer to the destruc
tion of Germany's Pacific fleet and the battle of the Falkland Islands'?
115 Americans Lost
Cork, Ireland Of Americans aboard the Lusitania, 115 were lost
and 73 are saved, according to information cabled to the State Depart
ment by the American consul here.
68 bodies have been recovered. Of these .-3 were first-class 21
second class, 2 steerage and 12 undetermined. '
Unofficial estimates closely approach those of the Consul. Notables
wnose potiies nave ueen recovered are: Charles Frohman, Mrs. Amelia
Mcuonaid, ur. i. t. I'earson and Patrick Collon, all well known
Prominent Americans known to be dead but whose bodies have
not been recovered are: Alfred Yaiulerbilt, the New York niulti-mil-lionairc;
Klbert Hubbaul. the eminent lecturer, writer and reformer,
and wife; Charles Klein, the plavwiight: J. M. Fonnan, the author',
and Herbert Stone, the elder son of Melville U. Stone, executive head
of Hie Associated Press. All hope of their rescue has been abandoned.
It is stated by everyone that the ciew of the Lusitania acted hero
ically at the time of the disaster.
Story Of The Thrust '
Just before the attack, the speed, of the Lusitania had been in
creased to full ahead. The first torpedo opened the forward coal bunk
ers and although far below the water-line lumps of coal flew sixty feet
into the air. Four torpedoes in all were discharged bv the submirine.
Two went wide of the mark, and two struck ihe steamer. When the
first struck, the steamer listed over so that the life boats on one side
were submerged and those on the other were high in the air, and
crowds on the decks were sliding to sea with this immense list of the
steamer. It is believed many passengers were killed in their chairs by
tne shock, the attack coming while most of them were at lunch.
German Prisoners Drowned
London Detective Pierpont. one o f the passengers, had in
charge three Germans who had booked as Americans, Alt of them
Funeral Ship Arrives
Fishguard The first funeral ship, bearing one hundred bodies
from the Lusitania, arriyed here this nioining.
Californians Are Saved
San Francisco Six residents of the Pacific coast on the Lusitania
are reported to have been saved.
Stock Market Affected
New "York The stock market has been much affected on account
of the possibility of complication's arising oul of the sinking of the
Strong Feeling In England
'London Brokers of German blood' and their clerks were turned
out of the stock market today, it being stated in explanation that per
sons of German blood were not wanted there.
Tension In Washington
Washington The synopsis of opinion last night was that America
is now facing a grave problem, the solution of which will be of lasting
importance to history.
Senator Borah Talks
Boise City Senator Borah, of Idaho, says that he does not antic
ipate any change of policy in regard to the Lusitania, and there is no
reasou why we should apply different methods to Germany. "I do not
agree,'' he adds, "with this policy of peace at any price".
Visiting Senator Talks
Honolulu Senator Overm an, oi North Carolina, who is heresajs:
I do not only consider it possible but vcrv probable that an ex-ir.n ses
sion of Congress will be called. It would be only fair to the President
for him to do so. It is not expected that the call will be for a gather
ing in less than thirty days.
I have received messages from Washington, but it would not be
fair to the President for me to disclose their contents. I also have my
opinions, but it would not be proper for me to express them. We
must stand for strict neutrality until the Presiden speaks for himself.
senator lummins Opinion
Senator Cummins said that he believed an extra session would be
called for the purpose of considering a policy regarding shipping, but
not to declare war. It is evident that American products are not safe
in vessels of the European belligerents, and America must provide,
ships of her own for her passengers and products. The statement of
Senator Stone, continued Senator Cummins, that it is too early to
take judgment, is sound.
The Great Lusitania Catastrophe
Washington Appalled by the tragic aspect of the sinking of the
Lusitania, by the magnitude of the disaster and the loss of so many
Americans, the President and his advisers are waiting a full statement
ol the facts, and a crystallization of public opinion to aid in laving out
a course. Admittedly it is a ciisis which overshadows everything else
since the war began. International complications presented are nu
merous. The President while seeking the facts hopes that the countiy will
assume an examining attitude, and reserve full judgiuemt until tlie de
tails of the disaster are received.
Secretary Bryan cabled Ambassador Page to informally ask Ger
many for its report on the affair. Page, at London, has been asked to
renew efforts to aid the suffering and gather information as to the occurrence.
Coolness Is Suggested
Senator Stone, chairman of the committee on Foreisrn Relations.
counsels coolness and suggests that qualifying circumstances must be
considered, because the Lusitania was a belligerent vessel. The attack
on the American ship Gulflight he considers - to be a more serious
The demand for a special session of Congress is being discussed,
but no official call has been made.
Senator Cummins Talks
Honolulu Commenting on the wreck of the LusiUuiia, Senator
Cummins, who did not go with the party to Hilo, said "We Congress
men should be closer to our homes."
In Honolulu the wreck overshadows all war news east and west.
An extra session of Congress seems to be the opinion of Coneres
men left over in the city, rather than independent action by the Presi
dent, as was rumored this morning.
Report From London
London Hope that the list of passengers saved would be increas
ed was shattered today by the British Admiralty which announced that
all but one of the rescue ships sent out had reported that there was
little hope ot further rescues. Patrolling and work of rescue parties
along the coast continues.
Charles Frohmam's Body
Ancenstown The body of Charles Frohman, the famous thcatii-
cal manager, was recovered from the sea and placed in a morgue hen:.
From every boat arriving from the scene of the disaster, bodies ate I
taken to morgues or undertaking establishments amid the most heart-1
Some survivors are still so bewildered by the sudden shock as to
be unable to tell what happened. It is agreed that the officers and tea
men of the Lusitania displayed great coolness Passengers who are
able to remember the details of the tragedy tell pathetic stories.
One minute after the first torpedo struck the liner, she went over
on her side so far that lite boats on the other side could not be launch
ed, Some of those actually taken into the boats diedtbtfore they reach
ed shore as a result of the shock. Captain Turner stayed on his ship
until she sank and was rescued thtee nous later. He had beon clinging
to a life belt.
Only 76 of the cabin passengers are believed to have been saved.
No word as to the fate of Alfred Vanderbilt or Elbert Hubbard, the
Fighting In Dardanelles
Paris Bombardment of Dardanelles continues, although batteries
of Turks have failed to reply and it is thought they have been silenced.
Germans Take Libau
Berlin -Libau has been captured by the German, sixteen hundred
prisoners being takan.
Japan And China
Tokio Reply from China not yet received. Japanese all over Em
pire agitating opposition to ministry for weakness in Chinese relations.
They want dumands enforced.
Saturday, May 8
Sinking Of The Lusitania
London Two Gennan torpedoes, firtd from a submarine, sent
the steamer Lusitania to the bottom in fifteen minutes. One thousand
and over of the crew and passengers, mnnv of the latter being Ameri
ca ns, are believed to have gone down. Six hundred were brought
ashore at Quuenstown and Kinsale. Several wounded, some. died from
shock ami many more taken to the hospital completely misti-nnir
i through nervous strain and exposures'
Private information at hand indicates that this assault had been in
contemplation by Germany for weeks.
The first torpedo struck the forward quarter. Most rastfeECrs
were eating luncheon in the. forward saloon and before they cbtiF'Jise
fioni their chairs were hurled to the floot by the second explosion
abeam of the engine room,. An officer sighted the oncoming torpe
does, but the vessel could not be turned aside, The force of the ex
plosions tore bottom of ship, which soon listed so that davits could
not work. The first ten boats were safely lowered md got away The
captain and first officer jumped clear of the ship when she began to
settle under their feet.
Dublin's estimate of the losi of life of one thousand believed to be
moderntc. The total number of passengers and crewaboard is found
to have been 2,067, representing eight neutral governments.
Alfred G. Vanderbilt is among those dro'wned.
The fate of Charles Frohman and Elbert Hubbard and wife is un
A Grave Situation
Washington XL is generally recognized here that the torpedoing
of the Lusitania brings the American nation face to face with the most
serious situation developed since the beginning of the war in Europe.
President Wilson remained silent when lie read the account of the dis
aster, as did also members of his cabinet. By some the sinking of the
vessel is considered to be a direct act of war on the United States, as
tuanv Americans were known to be aboard the ship.
The British Embassy characterizes the sinking of the Lusitania as
an inexcusable crime.
Roosevelt 'Shows His Teeth'
Syracuse Former President Roosevelt said last night, spcakiijg
of the torpedoing of the Lusitania: "This represents not only pirtfbv,
but piracy and murder on a vaster scale than was ever contemplated by
anv pirate. It is warfare on innocent men, women and children, our
traveling countrymen being the sufferers.
"In the face of such provocation it seems impossible that we can
longer restrain from action.
Hiere is a duty we owe not only to humanity but to our national
Italy Marking Time ,
Rome By decree from the throne, the Chamber of Deputies will'
not convene until May 20. It is the belief that the government does
not wish to be embarrased by questions into critical negotiations with
Austria, which arc still in progress.
For Peace In Oricut
Peking Attaches of the foreign office worked all of last night
4.'r...14-:...- 4 1. ..I,!. , 4 1 . 1 1... t , 1 ... . .
uuiijiiiiut; tuu uiuuiiuuui iJicacmcu uy juyaii aim uraiung a reply
which complies with the demands made, the whole to be submitted to
day to President Yuan and the Council of the Republic. The reply
will be given to Japanese Minister Hioki this evening or Sunday, be
fore the prescribed time limit expires.
It will review the case in entirety and accept the Japanese de
mands unqualifiedly. Outbreaks by persons opposed to this policy is
regarded as certain.
n. . f f
situation in japan
Tokio Although China is expected to accept the terms proposed
by Japan, diligent preparations for war continue. Five army trans
ports sailed today in the direction of Hikoshiina. Dr. Sun Yat Sen
and other prominent Chinese are leaving the city.
Korea is humming with military activity.
Sinking Of The Lusitania "
Two special dispatches came to Tim Gauurx Island during to
day Friday) regarding the sinking of the great liner Lusitania, and
late in the afternoon the regular news wireless carried a great deal con
cerning the catastrophe. The Lusitania carried 1416 passengers, the
crew bringing the number of souls aboard up to 1,900 She was torpe
doed off Kinsale, a market town and sea-port of County Cork, Irck'mO.i
at the entrance of Si George's Channel, and was on her way fr4ir"
New York to Liverpool. More than a dozen steamers were called by
wireless, and 20 ship's boats were engaged in taking the passengers
oit. During tne afternoon a special wireless stated that one of the
steamers sent to the rescue had also been torpedoed,
Among the well known Americans aboard the Lusitania were El
berl Hubbard and Albert Vanderbilt Thomas and wife. People known
in Hawaii aboard the Lusitania' were Mrs. Alfred T. Wakefield and
Miss B, Jones, of Honolulu, and Miss Hunter, recently employed as a
nurse in the Lihue hospital. Mrs. Wakefield was going to her former
home in Birmingham, and was accompanied by the two other ladies
(The Lusitania was one of the largest steamers in the world, being
32,000 tons, although by no means the largest. She' was completed at
Glasgow bv J. Brown it Co. in 1907. Her length was 790 feet and
brenth 60' 2 feet. In every particular, except name, she was the same
as the Muuretr.nia, although built in a different yard. Ships afloat
that are lareer than the Lusitania are Anuitaniu. 47.nnn tr,,,c i . '
tor 52,000 tons; Vadcrland, 54,3.00; Bismark, 60,000; Columbus
35,000; Olympic, 46,359 and the Brittanic, 50,000. lid. Gard. IslJ
Again After The Submarine
Honolulu Diving tot the submarine F-4 has been resumed.
Honolulu McCaru and family booked for the coast next month.
AT LiHUE OHIJBOH
The vesper Service on Sunday
afternoon in the forest near the
Lihue church was an interesting
new departure which may well
often be repeated.. The over-arch
ing tiees made a vaulted cathedral
of stately proportions, with which
t li e simple service harmonized
most perfectly, In addition to the
usual features of such a service
there were exercises bv the chil
dren, especially a pretty sun-flower
drill. There was also a little Bible
play, the dranntizalioti of the sac
rifice of Isaac, in which a venera
ble w h i t.e-beatcjeii Abraham, a
charming young Sarah and a dain
ty little Isaac were the main actors.
Some of the more impressive pasts
were made very effective by means
of violin and organ accompaniment.
The choir also added ran- h to the
enjoyment of the occasion.
A huge tent is being put up on
the grounds of J. H, Coney at
Niuniaju for the accommodation
of the Congressional parly ami
local people at luncheon Thursday
The concert of the Lihue Inter
mediate Cliristi in Endeavor SncU:
ty given for the benefit of John
lUikalama last Saturday night at
the Lihue Social Hall netted Si 82
25. itemized as follows: Tickets
and admission $123.15. ice-cream
and cakes, $25 0a; bouuuets and
The ice-cream, cakes, leis and
bouquets w ere contributed b y
friends. The use of the hall was
given free of charge by H. Rohrig
and other minor expenses were
borne by the young men's Sunday
School class ot the Lihue Hawaiian
Church, of which John Mikalaina
ib a member.
The members of the above nam
ed Society wish to thank all those
who helped to make their concept
a suc;es. f
The concert abounded in. pleas
ing features, among them being
solos by Mrs. W. II. Rice, Jr..
Mrsr Henry Sheldon and Albert
Horner, Jr., and violin selections,
by Mrs. F. L. Puttunu.