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THR GARDltH ISLAND TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1915,
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
The American Navy
Say. the Baltimore Sun: "We imagine that when Congress con
venes the difficulty experienced will be, in view of existing world con
ditions, to keep our naval program within reasonable limits."
"Reasonable limits" is a trifle indefinite at this stage, and the
expression may be construed in divers ways. We are the one, great
peace nation of the earth, but as the situation now is we are not able
to preserve the peace among our neighbors nor does it seem likely that
we will be able to keep from being drawn into their squabbles our
selves. We do not want to fight; we are friendly to all the powers at
war. Yet, on accownt of our unpreparedness we are being forced aside
on critical issues, and even insulted and outraged.
There has just been concluded in the Orient a treaty which Amer
ica would not land should not) have tolerated for a moment had she
been provided with an adequate fleet on the Pacific. Her naval
strength was probably sufficient to cope with the situation, but where
was that strength? Tied up on the Atlantic watching another critical
situation. It is probably only a question of time when this very little
deal in the Orient will have to be taken up, and it will then be ten
times harder to handle than it would have been originally.
America's position on the Alantic today should be that of a po
liceman enforcing the dictunis of international law. She should -be
able to protect small neutral nations and the rights of neutral nations,
as well as safeguard the lives and property of her own citizens. In the
excitement of the mighty conflict European, nations are overruling in
ternational law right and left, and are doing things that thev them
selves would not countenance under circumstances other than an ap
proach to madness.
The "reasonable limits" of the Baltimore Sun may presup
pose a fleet on the Pacific fully capable of handling any crisis such as
we have just witnessed, and a fleet on the Atlantic able to compel res
pect for international law as well as the protection of American inter
ests. If so, our esteemed contemporary is reasoning along the present
lines of most American publications, upon which a great light has
dawned in the past few months.
Three little submarines are tied up at Honolulu and four more are
to reach there in June. A mere joke. There should be fifty there,
not less than a hundred on the Pacific coast and a hundred more in
the Philippines, to back up a Pacific fleet larger than any other on this
side of the world. This should be additional strength to that of the
Atlantic fleet, which must be mainta:ned where it is. When the Uni
ted States places herself in that position (in a position to protect her
self, safeguard the interests of neutrals and enforce peace) she will be
able to approach the world with authority and weight on the subject
of disarmament and universal peace.
America is being taught a great lesson, and it is to be hoped that
it may "soak in" thoroughly; and we are inclined to hope with the
Baltimore Sun that our naval program may reach (not be ''kept with
in") "reasonable limits."
and the probability of favorable action on some of our problems would
be greatly increased.
The last bunch of Congressmen were tired out before they started
on the long journey to these Islands. Many of them had been pinned
down at Washington for nearly two years, and they wanted and need
ed rest far more than travel. In nlace of that the circumstances im
posed by us have sought to saddle upon them a lot of new business.
Ihe wisdom of what we have done is therefore doubtful, and it is
to be hoped that in future due consideration will be given to all of
these and kindred circumstances.
Surely no one going east from Lihue can fail to note with pleas
ure the attractive garden spots at the descent into Kapaia on the Li
hue side and at the incline therefrom on the other. There may be
seen the touch of simple art written on the face of Nature in shrub and
tree and flower, such as must appeal to every one. In one place it in
a trim kept lawn fresh and green and brilliant with purple Bcugain
villea; in another it is graceful fern and palm, and just now a wall cov
ered wreath of golden glory familiarly known as "Ilug-me-tight."
Why not more such attractive spots in our community?
The departure of Mr. Francis Gay from active participation in
the business of our county government will be generally regretted.
Mr. (iay brought into the meetings of the Board of Supervisors good
business judgment, and he has had much to do in steering the county
ship away from the breakers. Mr. Ekekela although his work has
not been so conspicuous as that of Mr. Gay has also proved himself
to be an aide young Hawaiian, The heatty good wishes and aloha of
the entire county will follow both of the retiring members of the Board.
Bats For Mosquitoes
Attention has been called in the Islands to an ordinance of San
Antonio. Texas, forbidding the killing of bats, for the reason that
tbese little, flying animals wage an important war upon mosquitoes
The subject might be an interesting one to us in these islands, inas
much as in many localities mosquitoes are increasing rapidly and the
methods adopted for keeping them in check seem to be ineffective.
It is a strange thing that so few people know anything about the
mosquito-destroying bat, although every person probably knows what
a bat is. The reason for this is that the general term "bat" is given
to any of the numerous members of the zoological order known as
"chiroptera" (q. v), some of which are a pest, some of no conse
quence one way or another and some of real value as destroyers of
mosquitoes and other snipll insects.
The Malay bat is so large that it is sometimes called a "flying fox,"
and, moreover, its face and ears resemble those of a fox. Its color is
usually sombre, but with variations. Fruit bats are usually brownish
yellow or russet. South America has two species that are white,
while the Blainville chin-leafed bat is a bright orange. The Indian
painted bat resembles a large butterfly.
Most bats are insect-eaters, the exceptions being the so-called
"flying foxe's, or foc-bats, which live on fruits; some which are blood
suckers (vampires) and two species which feed on fish.
The bat of the Southern States is a night-feeder, appearing short
ly after sun-down. His business in life is catching mosquitoes and
gnats, and those insects decrease in localities in proportion to the
number of bats seen flying around. These bats are otherwise abso
lutely harmless, and on the whole are considered to be of the great
est value wherever they are to be found.
Definite news arriving Friday of a dividend of fifty cents a share
to be paid to the common stockholders of McBryde Sugar Company
came as an agreeable surprise. It is a grand thing to those who for
so many years have stuck to McBryde with what others considered i
surprising faith, for it means that their holdings will at last be of rea
sonable market value. It should be a satisfaction to Kauai generally,
too, for it indicates that the last of our larger corporations has reached
a divi-dend-paying basis. '
An oiticial notice in this issue indicates that the construction of
the extension of the Waimea river wall will be undertaken at once,
under the direction of the superintendent of public works. It means
that Waimea will be spared from the floods experienced in the past. In
the meanwhile it is just as well to remember that the late Legislature
and Superintendent Forbes are to be complimented and thanked tor
making this improvement possible,
The n r eat ditch and tunnel system which will carry an abun
dance of the best of water from the mountains above Lihue onto the
lands of the Koloa Sugar Company will be the "making" of that"
estate. We understand that the work will be completed in a very
short rime now. Koloa's problem has always been water; and with
that in sight the future of this old estate will appear bright indeed.
The Next Battle Center
Trieste, the Austrian port on the Adriatic which is the present
object of attack by the Italian army, is in one particular an Italian
city, three-fourths of its population (132, S79 in 1900) being 'Italian,
the remainder being composed of Germans, Jews, Greeks, English and
irencn. i ne aspect oi me town is iianan, rainer man Austrian or
German. The Austrian Lloyd, the principal shipping company of the
Adriatic, is located there.
The great importance of Trieste lies in its trade. It is far and
away the principal port of Austria, and the principal outlet for the
over-sea trade of the vast Austrian country behind it. In fact it almost
monopolizes tne trace oi me Auriaiic, long ago outstripping its an
cient rival. Venice. In the latter part of the 19th century Trieste fell
back greatly in importance on account of pressure from the new Hun
garian port of Fiume and competition from various sources; but in the
past fifteen years new railroad connections inland and new steamship
lines to America, Mediterranean ports and even as far as India have
brought it up to tar greater importance than ever.
Austria will undoubtedly make a desperate fight to save Trieste
from capture, for with this, her only great port, gone, her commerce
would be most seriously crippled, if not absolutely ruined. Moreover,
with the Italians in possession of Trieste it is doubtful that the naval
base at Pola, only a short distance away, attacked from the rear, would
be able to hold out.
The next ten days will doubtless be fruitful of highly interesting
developments in that quarter of the war zone.
Future Congressional Junkets
Wtin Hawaii irets her clad hand in shane nain for nnntlifr P
gressional party we hope that arrangements will be made to have the
junket in heptenioer or uciouer in place oi in me tprmg.
There are many reasons for this. In the first place, it is such a
long time between Spring junkets and Congressional sessions in the
Winter that most of the value of the former is lost. Many other ques
tions (some overshadowing greatly in importance the entire Hawaiian
ptoposition) invariably intervene, with the result that when Congress
actually convenes awav along in December, Hawaii's interest in the
sugar question, breakwaters, public buiUJings in the Islands and num
erous other matters that probably really interested the Congressmen
on the occasion of the Spring tour ara forgotten.
On the other hand, if the Congressmen were to tour the Islands in
September and October, we will say, thev would go almost directly
ba-k to Washington with all the matters Hawaiian fresh in their minds
The appointment of E. A. Knudsen to be commissioner of edu
cation for the island of Kauai will probably meet with general approv
al. Mr. Knudsen is familiar with the oc situation, is personally
acquainted witn all ot tne schools ot the island and their needs and
will doubtless prove an earnest worker in their behalf
Attention is again called to the high class of pictures nowbtlng
brought to this island by W. A. Fernandez for the local theaters
Thev are the best to be had, but are very expensive. The public
should reward the efforts of Mr. Fernandez to supply high class enter
tainuient by liberally patronizing his programs
The good start made by Kauai in the tourist business early in
the year has gone to smash again, and the hotels are now catering
exclusively to local business and Honolulu drummers. Perhaps when
we get that member in the Hawaii Promotion Committee, things will
Ie history is to repeat itself, the Lihue baseball team will now
get in and keep all of them guessing in the second series, Lihue's
failure has always been in the first series, and if her team could only
begin a season right a new interest would be added to the contests on
Are not British warships blowing themselves up at their docks
with rather surprising frequency? A few months ago the Bulwark
had such an experience, and now we have the Princess Irene meeting
a similar fate. We have a suspicion that German submarines had to
do with both cases.
The cannery near Kapaa, which is just beginning work
means much to the success and prosperity of the new homestead re
gion of Waipouli. The next thing now is the Nawihwili breakwater
A Youth named David slew the giant Goliath, but it was
blooming" Turk that got the battleship Goliath the other day.
Ml the Big
niM vnn wi hnH TiW'.- mt-mmjam
almost invariably V-iJ?nw
EACH OFFU lAL'Fv'.Vj'Jt'"
i LEAGUE BAIJ..i;3g?$
If you attend any of th
big college games you will find
tliat the ball
used is the RE AC
"'II ... ' . I u .
v-uuec .11 null I IUVS "H- 1 " "'K t2i"
but the J1EST that's why they all use
College men know loo t!ia- u.c J'.ciuh Hall liai hfn 8loplr1 by the
American I.eapue for ten years, mi 1 i the OlficiiU l,eai;:ie Kill, Io oilier
tm oun nr iiMti in anv i.c.-tinie eiiine. I'rirr fvervwne re i..tc..
1 4 The Iteach Trade-mark all Spur tin 3 Goods Is a guurantec el quality I meant satla-
I act Ion, new article or your money uatk (except on Vails and UU unUrr $UW .
The It K At II Or r Id A Li MASK l A I.L. til' 1 1K Tlni rerOff.
mza luitnoriiv urine American iMimu. itiMittrr txna itnnion ui u i
Vbeue. bcbtMluien, recorU, &G. 10 ceut at dealcra' by uuul.
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Hawaii
V . B
t r war
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Telephone No. 102.
mm r s11 mmmrnmwmmKWLm m,i $mml
Gas-Stove Convenience with Kerosene
A good oil stove is like a gas stove
ready at the touch of a match.
Any degree of heat you want
instantly by simply raising or low
ering the wick;
For Best Results Use Honolulu Star Oil
Hums oil, the clean, cheap fuel. It roasts, toasts,
broils, bakes better than your kitchen range.
No wood, coal or ashes to lug no soot or dirt
no odor does not taint the food. And your
kitchen is always cool. Several sizes and styles.
Ask your dealer. See Exhibit, Palace of Manu
factures, Panama-Pacific Exposition.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
When you are in Honolulu,
live at the Blaisdell Hotel
Coolest rooms in town. Best sanitary features, because newly
built. Expert service. New commodious lobby on first floor, with
courteous clerk in charge day and night. Daily rates from $1 .
per person, up. J. F. CHILD, Mgr.
FOKT STUKKT, hull'-way between Hotel nn.l lieretsmiaSt., Ewa Side.
Let Us Do All Your
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
Territorial Messenger Service
w. .ifiLL ULpmum JWja 1
M fg Agent for Kauai vliK
I BY MILES THE BEST TlREWVi
H fell They average 25 percent Jft 11
It vMi moie ari oter Tires, jhj M
WA full stpek carried at the ffiB
NAWHJWILI GARAGE jMW
American Ingot Iron
has been carefully investigated by us for the past three or
four years, and we believe it will give service equal to the old
fashioned European iron which has given satisfaction, in many
cases, for more than 30 years here.
"ARMCO" IRON IS ESPECIALLY
GOOD FOR ROOFING, CULVERTS
AND FLUMES. .
May we go into details about this product with you,
Honolulu Iron Works Co., Ltd.