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THE GADEN ISLAND. TEUSDAY, AUGUST 3, 1915.
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
HOT WELL LIKED
Russia And The War
Russia has evidently decided to retire to her own border lines and
let somebody el.se do a little of the fighting for a while. It is hardly
believable that her huge armies were actually forced back from their
positions in Poland, for it was only a few days ago that the German
armies were considered to be checked and nothing except the retreat
now in progress has since happened to indicate otherwise. Behind
the whole thing is probably the disgust of Russia that for months she
has been doing all the fighting, while France and Great Britain have
contented themselves with little leisurely pot-shooting from trenches
at the west front.
What Germany and Austria will do next remains to be seen. Rus
sia's power is hy no means broken, and if the Teuton allies draw
away to attack in France and along the Adriatic, it will quite likely
be onlv a short time when the bear will be back again. It seems high
ly probable, however, that Germany and Austria will try to follow up
their punishment of Russia on Russian r.oil, in the hope of bringing
the. Czar to terms before the winter sets in, when campaigning in that
zone will be utterly impossible.
Just at this moment the war is in an acute and uncertain stage, and
almost anything may happen.
The Sugar Commission
We are hopeful that the plantation men of Kauai are not unmind
ful of the importance of the commission which has been sent to the
Islands to investigate sugar conditions.
The Congressmen were here in the Spring on a sort of general
mission principally, however, to see the country and meet the pco
pie. Their visit was important, as results will undoubtedly prove.
- But this special commission conies here for a definite purpose
that purpose being to investigate the thing most vital to our business
stability and our prosperity. It will ferret out facts reardiiur suoar
and reach a conclusion as to the effect free sugar will probably have
upon the Islands, which will reach Congress and will be heeded.
We bespeak for the commission every courtesy, and hope that it
may be supplied with eveiy facility fcr getting at the exact facts. In
the foreground and ever present, however, should be the reminder
mat evidences ei present prosperity, which may lie seen, are due to
the war in Europe, which has temporarily staved the damaging effects
that would have, and still must, come from a reduced tariff on sugar.
A Remarkable Demonstration
The great Teutonic advance in Russian Poland and renewed sub
marine activity around the British Isles have diverted attention some
what in the past few days; at the same time the campaign between
Italy and Austria has developed highly interesting phases.
when all of the circumstances are taken into consideration, the
unbiased student must agree that the results up to yesterday were
favorable to Austria It is true that the Austrians have practically every
where been on the defensive. The reason for this is that Austria has
been employing the bulk of her strength in the gieat Teuton drive,
nrst in Lancia and now on the borders of southern Russia. In the
meanwhile, with what troops she could spare from the Russian front,
she met and held in check foi a long time the Italian invasion.
In the lyrol the advance of the Italians was,. slow and costly,
wmie the movement in the direction of Trieste seems only now to be
successful although there has been terrific fighting and heavy losses
What ground and what positions the Austrians have lost up to this
week have been, so far as we can judge at this distance, of compara
tively little importance. While the territory overrun by the Italians
is considerable, thev have not vet won the points which might assure
them in the retention of that territory or might embarrass the military
power of Austria along the upper Adriatic.
Of course in making calculations and comparisons we must bear
in mind the mountainous character of the country througn which the
Italians have been obliged to operate, and the defenses prepared by
Austria long before the war with Italy came on. At the same time
one must view with more or less astonishment the fact that with Italy's
entire military strength concentrated against her at that point, and
her own armies engaged elsewhere, Austria has been able to hold her
most important positions for so long.
Down there between Italy and Austria is a most convincing de
monstration that while Austria's military machinery seemed to be
threatened with collapse a few months ago in Galicia, it is now a most
wonderfully organized and effective institution.
Certain' companies wiiting insurance under the new Work
men's Compensation Act are. in order to save time and more or less
expense, perhaps, endeavoring to file with the Accident Boards and
with the Territorial Treasurer what they term "Daily Reports" in
lieu of the copies of policies required bv law. The Kauai Accident
Board has been quite liberal in construing doubtful sections of, the
law; but has correctly followed unswervingly the letter of such provi
sions concerning which there can be no doubt, The ruling made
by the local Board last Wednesday may work a hardship, but if it is
wrong, the law is wrong; and the remedy is to amend the law. It is
a satisfaction to the Kauai Board to know that its position in the
matter is upheld by the boards of Hawaii and Oahu ami by the Teiri
Director Coopkk, oi the 191' Carnival, has expressed the inten
tion of personally visiting the islands other than Oahu and asccitain
ing their views and desires ir. respect to the forthcoming .program.
The idea is an excellent one. Carnival programs hitherto have been
Honolulu-made and more or less of interest to Honolulu onlv, despite
the fact that success has and must continue to de-pond upon "coun
try" support and patronage. In coming out into the islands to get his
bearings". Mr. Cooper will, we feel sure, learn important things
that he does not now know and which previous directors have ignored.
Thk Gakdkn Island is quite intentionally appearing in smaller
form during July and August on account of the absence of so very
many people from the island for the summer. Not in manv year
perhaps, have so many citizens been away at the same time; and the
exodus has created a death of news of almost every kind. At the first
of September the piper will return to its usual form.
room, and we wish to see this idea
houses which are to be erected.
perpetuated in the larger school '
Thr annual banquet of the Kauai Chamber of Commerce will
take place in less than three weeks --Thursday evening, August V)
Kauai has had a successful and satisfactory vear; the members of the
v-naniocr nave prospered, i.et there be a full turnout for the
According to a Hilo correspon
dent of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin
the compensation law is not
liked by the laboring element on
Hawaii for the reason that they
get nothing when forced to lay off
for a few days only while formerly
in case of minor accidents, their
wages almost always kept going.
The Hilo man says:
Hilo, July 26. "No use speak
Hilo man, too much pilikia mc,
more better no ta'k talk, then me
catch dollar all same befoie." This
was the intelligent remark made
by a Japanese mule driver on a
certain plantation the other day
after he had been kicked rather
badly by a mule while harnessing
me annual in me sramcs. I tie re
mark was addressed to the manag
er of the plantation and that indi
vidual quickly assured the Japanese
that if a report of the accident
were not immediately turned into
the committee in charge of the
Workmen's Compensation Act on
Hawaii a line of 550 would be in
curred by the manager.
"Me no like Hilo lr.nn hear."
continued the Japanese, "before
all poolalai, me catch dollar sup
pose sick. Now no use, me sick
three day. four day, one week
maybe and me not get pav at of
fice. No use. Me no like fourteen
day i oho dollar then catch money
from Hilo man. No use."
The Workmen's Compensation
Act is working out in a peculiar
manner in some places and the
plantation laborers who, when in
jured in the performance of their
duties, formerly used to find them
selves credited with a full day's
work for every dav they were laid
off. now discover that, for fourteen
days after the accident, they draw
nothing. They, of course, get
medical attendance at once but no
pay until the expiration of the four-
teenth day. This does not appeal i
to the laborers who think they
were far better treated in the past
than they are now under the new
ct. The plantations will save
money, it is claimed, under the
new law, as it has always been t he
policy of the managers in the pa-t
to take care of their men when in
At another plantation the mana
ger thinks thru even the mules
have heard of the Workmen's Com
pensation Act. There have been
no less than five accidents in tne
last two weeks and. strange to
say, every one of them was caused
For Summer Camp or Bungalow
At its meeting held last Tues-
afternoon, the Kauai Accident
Board decided that it must have
copies of insurance policies before
it would approve surety under
paragraph (1) of Sec. 46 of the
The paragraph referred to. states
that employers of labor may secute
compensation to their employees
"by insuring and keeping insured
the payment of such compensation
with any stock corporation or mu
t" a 1 association authorized to
transact the business of workmen's
compensation insurance i n this
Under this provision a number
of statements ef insurance hael
been filed with the Board, coming
fron various Honolulu agencies;
and a representative of one of the
insurance companies was present
at the meeting.
The Board ruled all of these
statements of insurance out on the
ground that they failed to comply
with the latter part of Section 47
of the law, referring to compensa
tion insurance as follows" the
employer shall FORTHWITH tile
with the Territorial Treasurer and
with the Board a notice of his in
surance, TOGETHER WITH A
COPY OF THK CONTRACT OR
POLICY OF INSURANCE."
In disposing of the matter the
Kauai Board adopted the following
lhat in cases of applicants
seeking to qualify under Item (1)
of bection 46 of the Workmen's
Compensation Act, this Board re
quires that a co; v of the insurance
peilicv be filed with it in each in
stance, as indicated in Section 47
of said Act."
This motion simply follows the
letter and evident intent of the law
and was adopted more as a caution
to insurance companies than else,
the character of documents filed
with applications seeming to in
dicate a wrong impression as to
what the Kauai Board intending
doing in the matter.
The Kauai Board has been ad-
vised by the Territorial Treasurer
' that that official is likewise requir
ing bona fide copies of insurance
pmlicies in all casts respectii.g se
curity under the insurance clause
of the law.
by a mule throwing its rider to the
! hard earth i.i the stable yard. All
live men were injured enough to
make tl.em lay' off for a few days.
Those few days represent so many
davs' lost pay.
A. .A'- t J. 'Ml
WE ARK delighted that air and light have been given first consid-'
etation in the plans for the new school building at Waimea. Kauai I
na.-. mc iusi iswinii to auopi tne open-air, bungalow type of school
3X -J. ,V1.
t It i
Yks, and about the time we get our section of the seas satisfac
torily besprinkled with submarines some fool genu is will come along
with a destroyer of submarines ami we will have to meet it with a des
troyer ot destroyers of submarines.
COfYHiGHT UNLItHWOOO ONOtRWOOU, N. V.
GENERAL JOITRE AND MARSHAL FRENCH MEET
; On the occasion of the simultaneous offensive of French and
g ish at La B;,vse. General Joffre, the French commands v!'
iMigh-ii contiiurcnt and : i."M,i;H.t,.,i u i.:.: .i ' . 1
. . ,. ,. . , -'i imiusii commain e-r and the
bnne r.;o,,s I he po.o shows General Joffre u the left) Marshal
hre-Kh ,h, center) and General Wilson on (he extreme right T
, three commanders reviewed the Britis h forces.
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Territorial Messenger Service
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