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THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1915
THE GREAT BATTLE LINES IN THE WEST
w Antwerp V 7 I
V ".-., Oar 6 1
Reims vfk T,"v,"
The flrat treaera.1 enicfiBFmBt In tho , aoinetlinra knows the battle
C Mnna-Ckarlrrol, etarted intuit SO nnd reaulted In the defeat of the French
nd tlrltlah. They retrmtrd annth of lie Mnrne, itbre the aeeoad general m
gaKrmeat atnrted September B. The line of thla date on the map ahorre tho
rmlea' poaltlona Joat before the battle. .
The German rlht wine; waa broke n up nnd forced bark, brlna-lna- abont
a retirement of the whole line. The tlirmnn poaltlona on September 0, In the
anlriat of their retreat, are ahown on the map b a aerlea of llaht reetaaaiea,
while a row of darkened rertnnalea Inillratea the cnrrfiillr prepared trench
line nf the Alano where they atopped and were attacked by the allien Septem-
fcr lioth aldea now estended their llnoa toward the count. I.litht aqnarea
ahow the approximate pnaltlon nam.-d September 30. Br October 15 the
Blrarr line wna complete from the Alpa to the ara.
The line of September .10 alio ahn-va the Uermana' treat drive Into the
Frenrh line ncroaa the Meuse at St. Mlhlel. ... :
t'rnaacd awortla mark the apota of the entrenched alece line where the
rreateat atruRKlra hare tnken place aluce October 18.
FIRST YEAR OF THE
WAR IN THE WEST
The first month and a half of the
western campaign was made up of
Startling, sw'ft moves. On September
12, after the defeat on the Marne, the
Germans took up defensive positions
along the AlBne river. The ten and a
half months slncp then have seen a
The battle line of the Aisne and the
Olse quickly extended northeast to the
sea. Fighting has been continuous,
with tremendous losses. The general
situation has remained unchanged,
gains of a few miles for one side at
one point offset by minor gains for
the enemy in other sectors.
At the beginning of August the
kaiser took possession of the little
state of Luxemburg and demanded
passage through Belgium to the Franco-Belgian
Permission to pass denied. Von
Einem attacked Liege (August 4),
while other German armies passed
around the city and swept over the
level Belgian roads at a terrific rate.
The little Belgian army yielded Brus
sels and fell back to Antwerp and
First Big Engagement.
Not until the Germans had almost
reached the French border did the
first important engagement take place
This is generally known as the battle
f Mons-Charlerol (about August 20
28), but at the same time there was
severe fighting along the whole line
through Thlonvllle in Lorraine and
along the Vosges in upper Alsace,
which the French had invaded with
This battle resulted in defeat for the
French and English.
While obtaining some successes In
counter-attacks on the advancing Ger
mans at Peronne and at Guise, the
French were obliged to fall back rap
idly to the line of the River Marne.
On the left the French had with
drawn to below Paris and the western
most German army, under Von Kluck,
The garrison of Paris was put in
thousands of motor cars and hurled on
Von Kluck's flank. The latter was not
taken entirely unawares and met the
attack strongly, but at the same time
the army of General Foch attacked the
German army on Von Kluck's left and
trove It back.
Driven Back From Paris.
The Germans had begun the battle
with five armies In line. The with
drawal of the two farthest west now
caused the retreat of the third, fourth
and fifth in that order, each in turn
finding Its flank exposed by the with
drawal of the troops on its right. At
the same time the movement on the
east end of the German line was ac
celerated by a strong attack from the
French fortified zone of Verdun.
The German retreat was as orderly
as that of the French and English had
been. The Invaders took up an ad
mirable defensive position. It ran
Just north of the Aisne river, on a
series of bluffs, then just north of
Chalons and through the wooded,
rough regions of the Argonne and the
Woevre, joining hands here with the
troops besieging Verdun. The allies
kave tried this line In vain ever since.
Both combatants now tried to turn
the west flank. Enormous bodies of
cavalry. On the part of the French
Flanders. On the part of the French
there was largely the desire to link up
with the Belgians, now being attacked
la Antwerp. The mighty siege guns
of the Germans made short work of
the Belgian seaport, however, and It
(ell on October 9. The remnants of
the Belgian army retreated along the
sea coast and the Germans in a final
rush reached Ostend (October 15).
Line Extended to the Sea.
Tie battle line of the Aisne was now
extended to the sea, the Germans hold
ing the Important French city of Lille,
while the allies kept Ypres in Belgium
and, partly by flooding the lowlands,
feeld the position of the Yser river and
From October 18 to November It
was fought the desperate first battle
of Ypres, when the Germans suffered
enormous losses In attempts to break
through the line in Flanders and reach
Calais. They succeeded In pushing
back the allies only a little and the
invasion of Silesia by the Cossacks
finally Induced them to desist and
send re-enforcements to Russia,
The Germans In September had per
formed the feat of pushing a salient
Into the French line south of Verdun,
which terminated on the west bank of
the Meuse river at St. Mlhlel; while
the French had taken the offensive
with some success In Champagne at
about the same time.
For the most part throughout the
winter the fighting consisted of regu
lar siege warfare, with heavy artillery
combats and mine and counter-mine.
The flooding of the River .Aisne
from winter snows gave the Germans
a chance to entrap the French troops
on the north side of that river In the
vicinity of Solssons for a considerable
distance and kill or capture most of
them (January 14).
Take Offensive In Spring.
With the spring, the French and
English attempted to take the offensive
at several points. Always preparing
the way with tens or hundreds of thou
shnnds of shells, they tried joint after
Joint of the German armor.
In the Vosges the dominating height
of Hartmannsweilerkopf was taken
and retaken several times in sanguin
ary charges and finally remained in the
hands of the French.
The salient of St. Mihiel was also
subjected to tremendous French pres
sure on both "legs." The French suc
ceeded in gaining a little ground, but
the Germans, despite the apparent
weakness of the sharp wedge they had
driven into the French line, could not
be dislodged and later succeeded in re
gaining some of the territory they bad
The British also reported "victories".
at Neuve Chapelle and Hill No. 60, In
Flanders. Whether these should be
accounted successes for the allies is
doubtful. The British Buffered enor
mous losses and at Neuve Chapelle
bungled affairs to the extent of shell
ing their own men who had taken Ger
man trenches. In other cases they
left gallant little parties lodged in
enemy's trenches without supports to
The next development was the un
expected use of poisonous gas fumes
by the Germans in attacks Just north
of Ypres. With this novel weapon
they succeeded in taking several small
villages and more than compensating
for the British gains south of Ypres.
The losses of the French, Canadians
and British were Bevere, but they suc
ceeded in stemming the German on
slaught effectively a few miles back
from their former position.
Begin Series of Attacks.
The German line makes a salient at
Solssons, though not such a pro
nounced one 'as at St. Mihiel. The
French now began a series of at
tacks on the upper side of this salient,
to the north of Arras. Expending hun
dreds of thouFands of shells, they time
and again blasted away the barbed
wire entanglements and concrete
trenches, held by Crown Prince Rup
precbt of Bavaria's men, and then
charged across the desolate ground for
The fighting centered about the su
gar refinery of Souchez and the great
German work called the Labyrinth.
Fighting went on in cellars and tun
nels below the earth and the casual
ties were heavy. The French bent the
German line and captured the Laby
rinth, but whether the gains justified
their sacrifice in human life is questionable.
In July, Crown Prince Frederick
William's army attacked in the Ar
gonne forest, west of Verdun, and
succeeded in gaining several hundred
yards of shattered woodland and cap
turlng several thousand Frenchmen.
There were rumors that the tier-
...mans . were re-enforcing for another
great drive toward Calais or Paris
but the Teutonic campaign in the
West continued to wait upon the
crushing of the much weaker enemy
Luau At Huleia
The residents of Huleia had a
grand time Saturday night i n
honor of the completion of the
macadam road into their camp.
From 1 to 4 i n the afternoon
there were sports, and at the latter
hour an elaborate luau began. For
the latter Li hue Ranch contributed
a bullock, an abundance of poi,
other items of food and refresh
ments. The turn-out was a large
one and everybody ha,d a fine time.
Mn Morrow's Relief
Henry Stamp, a young man who
has for a long time been connected
with the Pacific Coast Telephone
Co., arrived in Lihue last week to
take the place of Frank Morrow,
superintendent of the Kauai Tele
phonic Company, while the lattet
is absent on the Coast. Mr. Morrow
will leave this aiternoon and will
spend about two months looking
over improvements in teleohone
schemes in California.
A. W. Todd, of Oahu. an ex
perienced store manager, has ar
rived on Kauai to take a position
temporarily with a store at Koloa.
A Thorough Investigation
The investigation being made
b y the government commission
now here into industrial conditions
reaches into an interminable list of
details. Every fact, in connection
with plantation labor and the cost
of production of sugar is being in
quired into, elaborate statements
on these subjects being required
of every plantation. The cost of
living, and even character of food
consumed by laborers is being in
quired into. For instance, at some
of the stores the commission has
required detailed statements o f
purchases by laborers for two
years, giving the names of the arti
cles purchased, amounts paid for
The commissioners are certainly
making a thorough job of it, and,
incidentally, keeping all the book
keepers and statisticians of the is
land on the jump.
A New Postal Law
The new postal regulations give
the following as the rate on insur
ed packages: Under $5.05, 3 cents;
under $25.00. 5 cents; under $50.
00, 10 cents; under $100.00, 25
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v,"ww r w-atrdjf fir: w :- rx :.--.faii-
8 W. fflasWstwi
UNOfcRWOOO A UNDERWOOOl M. V,
THE DUCHES d'AOSTA IN CHARflK OF THE ITALIAN RED
A new photograph ot the Duchess d'Aosta who is now in rWo
of the Italian Red Cross nurses. The Duke d'Aosta, her husband is
a commanding offi;er in the armv of Kmir Victor Em'anual 111.
If you attend any of the
big college games you will find
that the ball almost invariably
used is the REACH OFFICIAL
AMERICAN LEAGUE BALL,
College mi won't have auvthii
but the BEST -that's why they all un
lu rocoff. MM
t-olltfre meg know too tliiu i..e Kench n.-ill has b-cti iHot,(p,l i,v tim
America!! i.eaue lor ten yearn, and in the Ouiclnl l.eue linl.l t.o oilier
ball can be used iu any League Rume. I'i ice everywhere $i jc.
' mc Keacn iraae-mam iu snortim, Knhda i& ...u... .
faction, a new article ur your money back (txecul on Balls and Uu. under t (Ml
. .jo .tr.m.ii ur r u Anr. H A I.I. Ul ' I UK
mxert authority of the American Lrague. Ihilorr ana pHotoil of
gent. buuediUes, records, 4a. 10 ceuu at dealers' or buiaU.
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Hawaii
IWai mea Stables!
Up-to-date Livery, Draying and Boarding Stable and Auto
BETWEEN LIHUE and KEKAHA ,
Leaving Lihue every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Leaving Kekaha every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
ARRIVING AT THEIR DESTINATION IN THREE HOURS
F. WEBER Manager.
Telephone 43 W Waimea - P. O. Box 71
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR
Permanent Eight Beautiful Colors
(Made With Creosote)
Manufactured by the Whittier Coburn Co.. San Francisco, Cal., U.S. A.
FRED L. WALDRON, Limited,
Sales Agents for Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu, T. H.
Honolulu Monument Works, Ltd.
P. 0. Box 491 P. O. Box 491
jjj Haas's Delicious Candy IL
yjl, BENSON, SMITH & CO., LTD. J) Jj
II II Assorted Chocolates anil Bon Hods (15c per imnnd ; $1.25 II II
If If two pounils. Milk CliicolaU;8 50c siimll Imjx; $1.00 . 1 11
1 II large box. Nu v-lmrne for postapo. 11 11
J. I. Silva, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING HOUSES for all kinds of DRY
CiOODS. BOOTS & SHOES, MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
CIGARS & TOBACCOS and NOTIONS of every description,
FOR WINE, BEER and OTHER LIQUORS, Ring Up 73 W.
Main Office, Eeele, Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W.
Kauai Garage Co.
J. A. HOGG, Prop.
Auent on Kauai for The Von. Hamm Young Co., Agent for
Michelin Tires and Tubes; sole Hawaiian Agents for the Thur
her Automobile Air Starter.
New price list for Michelin Tires and Tubes
Inch Inner Tubes Casings
Sizes Price Price
28x3- t 2.55 $ 9.80
30 2.70 10.4.1
32 2.85 11.35
29x314 2.55 13.90
30 3.05 14.15
31 2.70 14.45
32 3.25 16.25
33 2.85 16.75
34 3.45 17,50
36 3.65 18.00
30x4 3.90 18.25
31 3.03 18.00
32 4.15 20.95
33 3.80 21.50
34 ' 4.55 22.00
35 3.95 22.75
36 4,75 23.75
32x4H 5.50 25.35
34 ,5.75 27.00
35 5.25 28.50
36" 6.10 29.25
37 5.50 30.00
38 6.40 29.50
35x5 5.75 33.00
36 7.10 34.05
37 7.30 34.75
Our repair shop is fully equipped to do all kinds of
We respectfully solicit a trial.