Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1915.
PROGRESS IN THE
Speaking of tlie subject chosen
for the Civic Convention, the
Maui News says, editorsally?
Civic Righteousness, the main
topic for discussion at the civic
convention to he held on Kauai, is
simply another name for good gov
ernment or at least the two are
corolaries. The development of
the scheme should be of much va
lue to all the territory. The sub
ject allotted to Maui is: "The
Oath of Office Theory and Prac
tice." It presupposes that public
officials generally fall short of the
ideal; and so long as men ate hu
man, this must of course be so to
a greater or less extent. When a
man elected to office takes his of
ficial oath to support the constitu
tion and laws of the country, he
simply makes a promise to the peo
ple to do his best. So far as Maui
is concerned, there is probably lit
tle ground for the belief that our
officials have played fast and loose
with their promises in any marked
degree. In fact it seems rather
that conscience has pltnost uni
formly plaved an important part
in most of the departments, at least
in recent years. There have been
errors and poor judgment,' and at
times inefficiency shown, but al
most no evidence of conscious dis
honesty. Maui will also be asked to tell
something of the progress she has
made during the past year "ma
terial, social, and moral." It may
not be possible to point to a great
manv specific instances of advance
ment on all these lines, and yet
n o one who knows this island
can doubt that the Maui of today
is not the Maui of a year ago, or
that the changes have not been in
the right direction. Maui people
are growing bigger, more broad
gauged, and thoughtful of the
rights of others. One feels and
nonj these things, which have to
do with the sccial and moral pro
gress of the community, The ma
terial advancement i s the easy
thing to indicate. Maui has noth
ing to be ashamed of in her public
record of the past year, and has a
great deal to be thankful for and
to work for in the future. The
thing that we probably need more
than anything else, is a greater
sense of responsibility on the part
of the people themselves for their
public servants. But this is com
While it is possible that three or
four may be obliged to drop out
the following is the probable list
of Maui delegates who will attend
the fourth annual civic convention,
which meets at Lihue, Kauai, on
September 26 and 27.
George Dunn. W. FT. Field,
G-orge Cummines, J. N. K, Keo
la, D. II Cnse. D. C Lindsay, VV.
O. Aiken. Will Cooper. George
O Conner. Hugh Howell. L. von
Tempsky. C. G. White, W. A
Baldwin. Philip Pali, Ed F.Dei
nrt n'ul J 1. Walsh.
It'. "Dean Walsh" Now
A meeting of the prospective
delegates was held at the Baldwin
Bank. Kahulut, on Wednesday af
ternoon. at which J. Walsh was
elected ' Dear of the party, and
plans for the trip were discussed
Another meeting was to be held at
Mr. Walsh's home this evening
at which some songs will be re
hearsed, and some other stunts
practised. It is possible that some
kind of appropriate uniform will
be adopted by the members.
Maui's part iri the formal dis
cussion of the topic "Civic Right
eousness" will be an address of 20
minutes on: "The Oath of Office
Theory and Practice." D. II . Case
it he goes will make this address.
However. Mr. Case is not certain
at present that he can make the
J. K. Cockett and wife, of Ko
loa. have gone to Honolulu to be
with their voung daughter, a t
school there, who has had to un
dergo a surgical operation.
K. P Fave, manager of Kekaha,
returned in the Kinau last Wednes
day from a visit to the Coast.
FIRST YEAR OF THE
WARON THE SEA
At the end of the first year
of war not a German fighting
craft, except submarines, Is
known to be at large outside
the Baltic sea. The Austrian
warships are confined to the up
per Adriatic and the Turkish
fleet to the 8ea "of Marmora
and adjacent straits. The mer
chant marine of the central
European powers has disap
peared utterly from the ocean
highways. Sixty million dol
lars' worth of German shipping
lies idle In the docks of New
York, while several times as
much la bottled up elsewhere.
At the same time the German
submarines have inflicted enor
mous losses of allied shipping.
While both sides have prob
ably concealed many losses,
the following Is a fairly accu
date summary of the number
of craft which have been de- i
Submarines . . 4
Auxll. cruisers 6
torpedo boats 4 6
Total Japanese and
Cruisers 18 2
Submarines 9 1
Auxiliary cruisers ....19 ..
and torpedo boats ...20 1
Total Turkish losses of ves
sels of all classes, four.
Total tonnage en
tente allies 376,770
Teutonic allies 224.746
BIG EVENTS IN FIRST
YEAR OF THE WORLD WAR
June 2H Arcbduk and Archdurhrs
Kraai-la or Austria alala, by Serbian
Ana-oat 1 Germaay declares war on
Aua-nst a Carman forces enter I.uxem
bora;. Germaay demanda passage
Ancnst 6 Unsland annonncea Stat of
war with Germany.
August T French Invade southern Al
August 8 British troops land la
ranee and Belnfum.
Auyrunt It Germana pass Urf forts.
Aucnst IS Baflatid and Franco de
clare war on Austria.
August 15 Auatrtsus Invade Serbia la
AuKust IT Beginning of ve days' bat
tle between Serblana nnd Austrtans
on the Jadar, eadlag la Austrian
August 20 Germnns enter Brussels.
August -3 Germans enter Namur and
attack Mons. Austrln annonncea vic
tory over Husslaaa at Kraanlk. Japan
iugust 81 British begin retreat from
iugust 28 French evacuate htuelhan
sen. Iugust 27 I.ouvaln burned by Ger-
iugust 2 Battle off Helgolaad, sev
eral German wnrshtps sunk.
tugutft 2M Russians crushed In three
days' battle near Tnnnenberg.
September 8 Husslans occupy Lem
berg. September ft Battle of the Marne be
gins. German right wing defeated
and retreat begins.
September 7 Maubeuge falls.
September lit German retreat halta on
the Alsna. f
September 20 Germans bombard
Reims and Injure the famous cathe
dral. October 9 Antwerp occupied by tha
October 12 Boer revolt starts.
October 14 Allies occupy Ypres. Bat
tle begina on Vistula. .
October IS Ostend occupied by tha
October 111 First battle of Ypres be
gins. October 24 Tea days' battle before
Warsaw eads In German retirement.
October 27 Hosslann reoccupy Loda
October 2 Turkey beglas war on Rus
November S Germaa aquadroa bom
bard British const.
November B Oardaaellea forts hoi
November 6 Talngtno surrenders.
November 18 Husslaaa defeated at
l.lpao and Kutno.
November IS Russians defeated at
November 17 Austrian victory over
Serbians at Valjevo announced.
December 8 Austrlnna oopupy Bel.
December 8 Serbians defeat Austrtans
In three days' bnttle.
December 6 Germane occupy Lods.
December IS Austrlnna ovaeaala Bel'
December 16 German cruisers bom
hard Scarborough and Hartlepool, ISO
December 8u-3 Severe flghtlag oa the
Ha of the Bsuru river.
Jannnry 8, I91S French advaaee aeroaa
Alsne north of Buissoaa.
January 14 French driven hack aeroaa
A lane river.
Jaauary 84 Naval battle la North aea.
Germaa armored crulaer Blueeher
Jnnuarr 841 Russluus- occupy Tsbrts.
February 6 Fnlluro of German attache
west of Warsaw.
February B Beginning of battle I
Fast Prussia, ending la Rnaslaa de
February Itt Germaa formnl subma
rine -klocksde" on Groat Britain be
Februnry 84 Husslaaa driven fro a
March 10 British make ndvnnea at
Mink 81 Zennellns bombard Paris.
March 28 Surrender of Prsemyel to
March 81 Russians peaetrate Dnkln
naas aad enter Hongnry.
April S French heglna violent nttnek
on Mlhlel aalleat.
April 14 Husslaaa at Batropko, SO
miles laslde linngnry.
Anrll 1)1 Husslaaa evacaate Taraow.
April 22 Second bnttle af Tprea be-
April 2ft Allies leave Gnlllpoll nenln
anln. Buffering fenrful losses.
April 8 Allies nnnounre recapture of
Macrae Het Sae nnd Hartwaaaaweller
May IS Berlin reports capture of SO.'
000 Russian prisoners In went Gall
cln nnd srlsuro of three vlllnges nenr
May n Russlnna full hnck from Dukln
Msr f Berlin reports capture, f Tar-
now with many nusslaa prisoner.
Mny uermnn submarine alnka tha
Lualtaatu, more than 1,160 lost. R as
sises In full rctrent from Cnrpn
tklaas. Mny a Germans enptura Mbau Battle
May IS French capture Ceremony,
north of Arraa. at nreat cost.
May 14 American rst submarine aotc
Mny 84 Itnly declares wnr oa Aus
Mny SO Italians Invnde Austrln.
Mny SO I In liana take Grodno. Russians
check Germnns nt Slenawa.
May 81 First German note on subma
rine renches Wnsbtngton. Zeppelins
drop bombs In London.
June Prsemysl falls to Austro-Ger-mnns.
June 10 Germans cantnre Stnnlalnu.
Jnne II Second U. 9. submarine note
to Germany mnde public. Itnllnns
Jnne V Itnllnns tnke Grndlsrn.
June in Austro-Germunn occupy Tor
nogrod. June 22 French tnke Metsernl.
Jnne 23 French nnnouncc occupation
of the "Lnhrrlntli." north nf Arras.
Jane 24 Anatro-Germaaa capture Un
Jane 2H Austrtans cross the Dniester
Jnne 118 Hnllca falls.
Jnly 2 Hnaslnnn defent Germaa at
tentat to land at Wlnrian.
Jaly A Rnsso-Germna naval battle of
Jnly 4 Itallana take Tnlmlno.
July B Berlin nnnonnees gnlns la the
Jaly 10 Germana take Prsaan.isa. B0
miles north of Warsaw.
Jaly 19 Germnnn ndvnnce nt ninny
points In Russln, taking YVInilau. Tu
kum. Blonde nnd ftrohef.
July 80 Husslnns report sinking of fin
'iarninn nulling vessels. Germnn
guns reach outer forts of Warsaw
and damage the Lublln-t'holm rail
way. Jnly 21 Third IT. 8. submarine aotc
Toea to Germany.
X 22 Turkish-German eanedltlna
Inndrd In Trlnoll.
Jnly 24 Germnn tnke two forta near
July 20 Russlnna repnlao Austrtans la
BIG WAR THEATERS
In score of regions there has
been fighting which would have held
worldwide attention were It not for
the mighty battle lines In France and
Servla's own w r was a greater trial
to her than either of the two preced
ing Balkan struggles. Assisted by
Montenegro, the little Slavic nation
twice threw the hostB of Franz Josef
beyond her borders and Inflicted
losses of about 330,000 men, but she
suffered severely herself.
The Austrtans Invaded Serbia In
great force about August 15 and pene
trated to the Jadnr river, where a
great five-day battle ended in the
rout of the Teutons.
The Austrtans returned soon In
stronger force than ever. They
reached Valjevo, where on November
17 the Serbians met a defeat.
With their supply of artillery am
munition exhausted, the Serbians now
had to retreat. The Austrtans, be
lieving them crushed, withdrew six
army corps for re-enforcements
against the victorious Russians in Ga
licta. Shells and English tars with naval
guns reached the Serbians, and on
December 5 they turned on the Aus
trtans and cut them to pieces.
The entry of Turkey Into the war
was marked by a brave, but foolhardy
attempt to invade Egypt Great Brit
ain's Indian and colonial troops threw
the invaders back with heavy losses.
British and Japanese troops invest
ed the fortified German port of Tsing
tau, China, and after a siege of a few
weeks the defenders gave up the hope
A section of the Boer population of
South Africa revolted. The revolt
was put down by a Boer, Premier
Botha. lie then Invaded German
Southwest Africa, and after a long
campaign In the waterless deserts
captured the greatly outnumbered
Germans (July 8).
After taking three-quarters of a year
to arm herself to the teeth, Italy at
tacked Austria this spring. The effect
of the entry of Italy upon the arena
has not yet been marked.
t FIRST YEAR COST OF t
WAR IN MEN AND MONEY
Only approximately accurate
tables of the killed, wounded
and missing in the first year of it
tha war urn nnsalhln. hacaiiRA T
France and Russia and Austria
Hungary do not give out their
figures, while Germany has
changed her policy recently to
one of secrecy. Great Britain
still tells her losses from
month to month.
The following estimates are
believed to give a fairly cor
rect idea of the casualties:
Germany 2.300,000 I
Austria-Hungary 1,900,000 j
Russia (Including pris
oners, 1,175,000) ....3,600.000 .
Great Britain 480,000 r
Belgium 260 000
Italy (no reports of
ortugal (fighting in
San Marino (T)
The first year of tbe war has
cost the belligerent govern- J
ments about U, 600.000, 000 In
direct expenditures tor mill- "f
i tary purposes. The war Is now
T costing about $45,000,000 a day, J
i $2,000,000 an hour and $30,000
a minute. J
ED. TOWSE WILL
1ELL OF BIG FAIR
Ed Towse, who was invited to
speak for the Havaii Promotion
Committee in the Civic Conven
tion and to displav some views ot
the big San Francisco fair, has
written as follows to the Kauai
Chamber of Commerce:
''Responding to vour letter as
secretary of the Kauai Chamber ot
Commerce, I beg to sav that in re
pard to the address mentioned 1
am, of course at your disposal.
This date I have written to Mr.
Lvdgate, ot the program commit
tee on the same subject, replying
to a letter from him. I have said
to Mr. Lvdgate that 1 have a fine
set of lantern slides with which an
Exposition talk could be illustrat
ed, if it would not be to much
trouble to provide the lantern. I
will bring the slides anyhow.
J. I. Walsh, chairman of Maui's
program committee, lias written
the following concerning the Maui
speakers in the Civic Convention:
D. II. Case. sec. of Maui Cham
Chamber of Commerce wi 1 mak
the address on "Oath of Oflue
Theory and Practice "
Hueh Howell will speak on
the nrogress made in the last year.
confining his remarks particularly
to the material progress ma le and
D. C. Lindsay will speak on the
Social and Moral progress made in
the last vear.
"Worth Aiken will present a re
port on the work of the llaleakala
Rer.t House Committee.
Mrs. E. B. Derby, mother of
Dr. Derby, arrived by the Kinnu
Wednesday morning and will make
her home with her son in his new
A business meeting of th-j Ou
Club will be held at Lihue Social
Hall at 7:30 this evening.
I Rev. Hans Isenberg will go to
Honolulu Saturday night to preach
at the German Lutheran church
there on Sunday.
You are entitled to all that science and skill' have
done to improve tire quality -nd reduce tire cost.
have raised the standard of quality
to the highest point that science
and practical experience have made
possible. And they have developed
production and selling methods to
a point cf scientific efficiency that
keeps price down.
foreman or craftsman is a past
master a finished specialist in his
All are backed by every mechanical assistance that
the world's research and skill can bring to bear on tires.
Their efficiency i3 your advantage not only in that
quality which means supreme service, but in the
efficiency and economy of production which means
extraordinary service at ordinary price.
Specify Firestones. Your dealer has them"orcan
get them for you.
The following sai'ed in ihe Ki
jnau Saturday evening for Honolu
lu: Waimea; Miss Marv Gomes,
H. Oneha, Pedro Fernandez,
' Eleele Cha:,. Padgett, H. Pad
gett, H. Burgess, S. Kawakami,
I Hara, T. Ishimnra, Mrs. C. C.
Nawiliwili II. R. Auerbauch,
Ltd Souza, J. C. Plankington,
Mrs. J II. Soper. Miss M. Wil
cox. J. R Mvers, Mrs. I. R. My
ers, C. lolmson. 11 1). Murciock,
II. Kennedy. VV. IC1 eiinir, Mrs.
Klxliim, Oorge Ci.v, Mrs. Geo
C.av, W. Weber, Vast:r Castro.
Mrs. Castro, K VV. Cli ng, K
Okitnoto, K.P. Ho. C.Doo Wnan.
Miss II Ilamanku, K. Mivake,
C. L. Dang. Harry Dang, Mon
lion. .F. Dotson, Mrs. J. J'
Dotson. Mrs E P. Nieinan. Miss
A. Niein.ni, R Nt.;nian Miss J.i
Malema. Miss L Kaulaka, BeairiceJ
Ching. Miss VV. Cu nminus. Miss
Secretary Daniels, head of the
head of the new strategy board.
U Is', I",'.' f(-V-
V. Castro, Miss E. Bertleman.
Miss E. Maile, Mrs. P. Keoneula,
A. S. Wilcox, Mrs. A. S. Wilcox
and maid. A. Souza, E. A. Knud
sen, Chas. A. Rice, Mr. Harley,
Chas. Blake, E. Fountain, E. H.
Fountain, Mts. Hart, Miss Hart,
Mrs, Kam Yuen, Miss Kam Yuen,
and forty-three deck.
A typographical error made the
last issue say that Nomura, the
Japanese chaff uer who caused the
wrecking of Mr. F. Weber's car,
was fined $10 in the Lihue police
court. The fine was $50.
Mr. and Mrs. R. L. Hughes re
turned to Eleele last Wednesday
after a delightful visit to the fair
and to the old home of Mr. Hush
es in California. Master Hughes
reports also having had a jolly
Sheriff W. H. Kice win reiarn
on the ZStli. trom tne toasi.
Iw'SUbHI UNOsHWOUO 4 WNOtRWOOv, N.
war department, and Mr. Edison,