Newspaper Page Text
THE GARDEN ISLAND, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21. 1915
THE CHANGING BATTLE LINE IN THE EAST
S;r --:X. aIiSiW -.V.a8b&W
MriS. . BRUT
1 k "OUraUN
eootnaoN Sept I
. Oct 1
taa Etc 1
t Jan I
p. V " n
The Defects of Oar Qualities
The rrmii aaln tim-e ppnetrHtnl aa clone to Vraw the mtat
whl.h murk be "littfh Mile" ot laat autumn.
FIRST YEAR OF THE
WAR IN THE EAST
The first twelvemonth of fighting
between the Russians on one side and
the Austrians and Germans on i
tha nthar la a atnrv nf irront rliflnirnR 1
ot fortune, both combatants being re
peatedly driven back only to show
the greatest resiliency in defeat and
soon to resume the offensive In a moat
surprising manner. '
The end of the year, however, finds
the pendulum swinging strongly
against the czar. He may recover
and take again the roads to Cracow,
Vienna and Berlin, but Just at pres
ent he Is on the whole in worse plight
than in any hour since the war
Russia's losses in the first year of
the war are not approached by those
of any nation In any war of history.
According to reliable estimates, she
has had between 2,600,000 and 4,000,
000 men killed, injured and captured.
Despite these horrible gaps made in
her ranks, she still has millions In
the field, and her great' reservoir of
personnel does not show signs of ex
haustion. It is not men she lacks, but
guns, shells and brains.
Slow to Mobilize.
On August 1, 1914, Germany de
clared war on Russia. Almost imme
diately the Germans crossed the fron
tier at Thorn and the Austrians south
of Lublin. -They were practically un
opposed because of the slowness of
mobilization in Russia. The Grand
Duke Nicholas Ntcholaievitch was
forced to gather his main armies well
to ths rear of the line of great fort
resses running through Kovno, Grod
no. Ossowetz, Novo Gcorgievsk, War
saw and Ivangorod.
On account of his desire to do all
he could to relieve the French, who
were being driven from northern
France by the amazing German rush
through Belgium, Nicholas attacked
sooner than he otherwise would have I
done. As a result, he met two disas-
He sent General Samsonoff into
East Prussia from the south and
General Rennenkampf into East Prus
sia from the east, the latter winning
the first large engagement of the war
in the East at Gumblnen.
At this moment the Germans, be
lieving that the French were well in
hand and about to be surrounded on
their eastern frontier, quickly with
drew 250,000 men from France and
hurled them by rail into East Frus- ;
sla, where they fell upon Samsonoff
with crushing force in the great Ger
man victory of Tannenberg (Aug. 28).
Meanwhile, the Austrians, leaving
only a few troops In Galicla to hold
baek the Russians advancing from
Tarnopol on the line of the Gnila-Lipa,
truck the Russians en masse at Kras
nlk and routed thorn to Lublin.
Most Bloody Drive of War.
With two armies in difficulty, the
grand duke decided to abandon one
to its fate and save the other. He
threw re-enforcements into Lublin
and ordered the line of the Gnila
Lipa river be forced at any cost. In
one of the most bloody drives of the
war the. Russians advanced Into east
ern Galicla and occupied Lemberg.
The Russians then advanced to
Rawa Ruska and took the Austrian
armies in Poland In the rear, cutting
them up frightfully.
Meanwhile Von Hindenburg had
completed his victory over Samsonoff
by turning on Rennenkampf and clear
ing East Prussia of Muscovites. But
though Uenuenkampf had been de
feated end Samsonoff almost anni
hilate!, the Germans.
The Russians were now as tar west
as Tirnnw in Galicla, while their
Cossacks were able to make raids into
Hungary farther south. Hindenburg
concentrated a great force suddenly
in Silesia and begun a drive from the
west aitainst Warsaw and Ivan
gorod. The Siberian corps arrived
In tho nick of time to save Warsaw
from the enemy.
High Tide ef Russian Invasion.
Hindenburg than drew off the north
era suutioa of bis armv In Poland to
.the kortk. tbtskkia tr take tho pwih
ing Russians in flank with the south
ern section. But the Austrians were
too slow to carry out the field mar
shal's plans and the Russians, slip
ping into a gap In the lines between
the Germans and their allies, slaugh
tered the latter. The result was tlie
high tide of Russian Invasion. The
Austrians withdrew over the Carpa
thians again, leaving Przemysl to be
besieged a socond time. The Ger
mans withdrew to Silesia and the Rus
sians, following closely, were able
for a brief moment to raid this rich
province at Pleschen. At the same
time they entered East Prussia
But again the German strategic
railways proved their undoing. Hin
denburg concentrated at Thorn and
drove into the right flank of. the Rus
sian main forces, throwing them back
He advanced too far, however, and
when he had the Russian forces near
ly surrounded, he suddenly found Rus
sians in his own rear. In this ex
tremity, the Russians say, he tele
graphed for re-enforcements.
But before the re-enforcements
sent from Flanders arrived tho Ger
mans had managed at frightful cost
to hack their way to safety. This was
the bloody battle of Lodz.
Wins Second Victory. -
With stronger German forces oppos
ing them the Russians withdrew to
the line of Bzura, Rawa and Nida
rivers. At the same time the Aus
trians, attempting to debouch from
the Carpathian passes, were driven
back everywhere, leaving 60,000 pris
oners. With January Hindenburg made a
third desperate attack on Warsaw.
For ten days, both night and day, the
Germans came on. ' Then, having lost
probably 50,000 men and the Russlani
nearly as many, they gave 't up.
Unable to reach Warsaw, Hindenburf
concentrated twice Siever's force 1b
East Prussia, and won his second
overwhelming victory there. Enor
mous captures ot Russians were mads
and the fortress of Gradno was at
tacked farther west, from Ossoweti
to Pultusk. The Germans retreated
to Mlawa and then tried to flank tpt
Russians at Przasnysz, which cltj
they took. But the Russians again
Hanked the flanking party, as they bad
done at Lodz and won an important
success (February 22-28).
In March and April, the Russlani
pressed through the western Carpa
thian passes and entered Hungary,
Just when their future seemed bright
est, the Germans broke the Russian
line in West Galicla and let through
Pressing westward irresistibly, the
took the Russian Carpathian armies la
the rear. The latter tried to retreat,
but vast numbers were captured.
Przemysl, which had suocumbed to
the Russian besiegers March 22, fell
again into the hands of the Austro
Oermans. Great GeYman Maneuver.
From Przemysl Von Mackensen
drove east through Mosciska and
Grodok and captured Leinberg, the
Galiclan capital. Then he turned
north and marched upon the Warsaw
Ivangorod -Brest Litovsk triangle
from the south.
At the same time the Russians in
southern Galicla, putting up a desper
ate resistance, were driven by Von
Llnsingen first to the line ot ths
Dniester and then across the Gnila
Lipa to the lino of the Zlota Llpa.
Reaching the vicinity of Krasnlk
In their drive to Warsaw from ths
south, the Austrians sustained a se
vere check In the scene of their tri
umph of the previous summer. Held
on this line the Germans attacked hot
ly from the north and took the towa
of Prz&snysz (July 14).
The Germans now began the grand
est maneuver ever soea in the history
ot human warfare.
From the Wlndau river In the Bal
tic provinces all tho way along the
border of East Prussia aud in a gigan
tic sweep through the vicinity of Ra
dom, west ot the Vistula, and a lint
south ot the LubUu-Coolm railway
they dfcUyer&d amwblnf Wqwi wl
A Frenchman discussing a certain famous indivi
dual remarked in conclusion, "He has of course the
defects of his qualities."
It is rather an illuminating phase, isn't it? On the
light of it, we may view our family and friends a little
For, according to the Frenchman and he is rated
a very clever man in his own country certain qualities
inevitably cany with them certain defects. One fol
lows the other as night follows the day. If you admire certain quali
ties 3'ou must be willing to accept the defects that go with them.
For instance you like a person for the breeziness of his manner.
Then look also for a certaiji bluntness, a lack of attention to lU-tle courte
sies. The breezv, sweep-all-before him sort tof person doesn't pause
to observe nil the little punctilious politenesses that the more leisurely
person does. . ,
A certain persistence and thorough-goingness in a friend's charac
ter strikes you as admirable. Notice him more closely aud see if you
do not find also evidences of obstinacy, contentiousness and such de
fects. You say you admire the man who won't be imposed upon, who
stands up for his rights, who believes in getting all that is coming to
him in a bargain Travel around with him a bit and you are likely to
find p "kicker", a fault-finder when there is no need for fault-finding.
On the other hand, the generous, open-hearted, open-handed in
dividual is iiable to be "easy", to be yielding, to be unsuspicious, to
let people "do" him. He prefers his faith in human nature to the few
dollars he might retain by being suspicious. He has a right to this
viewpoint of course, if nobody but himself suffers. But his wife who
may need the five dollars he loaned an impecunious friend or gave a
needy tramp may not always agree with him.
And so in the mind's eye one can run over the list of one's friends
and acquaintances and their good qualities. And trailing after these
almost invariably will be found the defects of these qualities. If we
would recognize this Siamese twin arrangement, perhaps we would
have a little more charity for these faults. As a rule, they rather
irritate us, We dislike our generous friend's easiness, our persistent
friend's obstinacy. We can't see why when these people are so nd-
mirable in other ways, they have these faults. These defects seem to
stand out by themselves. We do not see the little line connecting
them with the good qualities. And we wonder why our friends do
not overcome such undesirable traits.
There is no reason why they should not be overcome. The fact
that they are the shadow of certain desirable qualities is no excuse for
our permitting them to exist. But if we can take the Frenchman's
views and see how they come to be, perhaps we will be more willing
to overlook them. With this attitude toward them, perhaps thev will
not irritate us quite so much. They are not faults deliberately created
and indulged in by our friends. They are inherent in the very fabric
of their character, to be recognized and rooted out to be sure, that
there may be no moth to v taken and disfigure its strength and beauty.
But recognizing how they lonie may help both to remove them and to
bear with them until thev are corrected.
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR
Permanent Eight Beautiful Colors
(Made With Creosote)
Manufactured by the Whitti'er Coburn Co,, San Francisco, Cal., U.S.A.
73 asd-OL F-t-jj-J-.
KAUAI CORRESPONDENCE INVITED
Office: Hawaiian Hotel
P. O. Box 524
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
buys and sells
REAL ESTATE and
STOCKS and BONDS
and rents SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Fort and Merchant Sts.
All the Big
If you attend any of
big college games you v-ij
that the ball almost im
used is the KKACW OK
AMERICAN LEAGUE BALL.
viege :ii won I nave Hiyiniug
but the BEST that's why tliey all ue "N
.bail can )
ft The Read!
faction, a n
men know too tlint t;ie Ke-nch Pull lia bren n-ln: tH by ivs
lrnue for ten yeara, m.d in the CiTici.J ! t-: t :i ... !.. .tit,, i
e useu iij any i,catriii eaine. lJi ice t-vc. vwin-re
Trade-mark 3ii all Spur tin J Goods Is a guarantee ot Qnai'ty II nvaps attt
w article or your money lack (except on Balls aud ltu wider .
TUfi lt&A( 11 Or rlt'lA L MASK H.A I,L lil'J lK
nueil authority of the Aiuernu Lptuh. History arm inulo vt
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Hawaii
1W T ivy m 1 La,W
i Waimea Stables
Up-to-date Livery, Dray ing and Boarding Stable and Auto
BETWEEN LIHUE and KEKAHA
Leaving Lihue every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Leaving Kekaha every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
ARRIVING AT THEIR DESTINATION IN THREE HOURS
F. WEBER Manager.
Telephone 43 W Waimea
P. O. Box 71
FRED L. WALDRON, Limited,
Sales Agents for Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu, T. H.
Honolulu Monument Works, Ltd.
P. O. Box 491
P. O. Box 491
ORDER A COX OF
Haas's Delicious Candy
BENSON, SMITH & CO., LTD.
Box 42(5. Honolulu
Awwted Clmwilatos and Bon Hons Vc per pound; $1.25
two pounds. Milk Chocolates 50c Hinall box; $1.00
larse box. Nu diare for postage.
J. I. Silva, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING HOUSES for all kinds of DRY
GOODS, BOOTS & SHOES, MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
CIGARS & TOBACCOS and NOTIONS of every description,
FOR WINE, BEER and OTHER LIQUORS, Ring Up 73 W.
Main Office, Eeele, Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W.
Kauai Garage Go.
J. A. HOGG, Prop.
, Auent on Kauai for The Von Hamm Young Co., Agent for
Michdin Tires and Tubes; sole Hawaiian Agents for the Thur
her Automobile Air Starter.
Newprice list for Michelin Tires and Tubes
THE GARDEN ISLAND'S DAILY WIRELESS
All Ihe big news of the world everv morning at only $ 1.00 per fi
,,i ri,u r.,;i.. ; a.k.....a ... . ...,. ... t "
Inch Inner Tubes Casings
Sizes Price Price
28x3 $ 2.55 $ 9.80
30 2.70 10.4
32 2.85 11.35
29x34 2.55 13.90
30 3.05 - 14.15
31 2.70 14.45
32 3.25 16.25
33 2.85 16.75
34 3.45 17.50
36 3.65 18.00
30x4 3.90 18.25
31 3.03 18.00
32 4.15 20.95
33 3.80 21.50
34 4.55 22.00
35 ' 3.95 22.75
36 ' 4,75 23.75
32X4V2 . 5.50 25.35
34 5.75 27.00
35 5.25 28.50
36 6.1G 29.25
37 5.50 30.00
38 6.40 v 29.50
35x5 5.75 33.00
36 7.10 34.05
37 7.30 34.75
Our repair shop is fully equipped to do all kinds of
We respedfully solicit a trial.