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THE GARDEN ISLAND-TUESDAY, NOVEMBER, 9, 1915,
Kauai and the Early Voyagers
By. M. LyJgale.
At the last meeting of the Kauai j tiered endurable Bt least, by evcrv
Historial Society Rev. J. M. Lyd- provision of science in the way of
gate read the following paper: preserved stores of ail kinds, such
The world owes some of its best
gifts t) the pursuit of nn illusion
luxuries as were utterly unknown
in those old days. Our modern
Witness for example, the quest voyagers are also fortified against
of the Philnsonher's Stone. Per-! disaster bv the most reCent and
petual Motion, and the North
West Passage. This latter quest
has been fraught with much signi
ficance to these islands.
The Early Voyagers came to the
north pacific, not on a vague mis
sion of general discovery, but with
the definite purpose of finding
some opening through the heart
of the American continent b y
"means of which a short route to
the orient might be established.
After the long voyage round the
Horn, it was a matter of import
ance if not of necessity to find
some suitable place to refit and re
cruit before attacking the inhos
pitable regions of the north west
coast. And then when the dark
and stotmy winter set in when lit
tle or nothing could be done on
that coast it was very convenient
to run down to the islands for a
few months of fine weather and a
new supply of fresh provisions.
The islands met both ot these re
quirements, not perfectly by any
means, but passably, it was the
only place available. According
ly we find the early voyagers mak
ing the islands practically head
quarters during their stay in the
This means, o f course, that
these visits were made mostly dur
ing the winter months when the
trades were broken up. and kona
weather, more or less prevailed,
which will account for the fre
quent complaints of heavy weath
er, high seas and bad landings,
In estimating the value of these
eaily records it should be remem
bered that they come from men
who, as a rule, are entirely ignor
ant of the language and customs
oi the islands, and most depend
on pantomime eked out by an oc
casional familiar word or concep
tion. To realize in some measure,
how faulty was their comprehen
sion, it is only necessary to try to
interpret their names of persons
and places, some of Avhich remain
as unsolved problems to this day.
Of course, this condition improved
as time went by, and interpreters
were mote or less available in the
persons of sailor or beach comber,
resident on the islands. Theirs,
however, was a very imperfect and
Mipeificial knowledge, leaving at
best much significance in the
shrewd remark of Vancouver.
"Nothing short of indefatigable
labor can obtain the truth and cor
rect information from man in st
early a state of civilization."
Quite by chance Cook made the
acquaintance of Kauai first, and
set th- example that held for gener
ations o f making Kauai, i n a
sense, the main port of call. Lat
er, to be sure, he learned that Ke-
alakekua, politically at least, was
more important, but he clung to
his first practice, and his success
ors confirmed his choice,
It is interesting to note the di
minutive size and modest charac
ter of the vessels, in which these
great historic voyages were made.
Vancouver's flag ship, the "Dis
covery," was 340 tons, about the
size of the "James Makee" while
his consort vessel the "Chatham"
was only 135 tons, about the size
of the average inter-island schoon
er of the older days. Meares, for
his first voyage, had two li,ttle
vessels of 200 tons and 100 tons
respectively. And for his second
voyage 230 tons and 200 tons.
Portlock and Dixon's vessels were
' 320 and 200 tons, while Kend
rick's "Lady Washington" was
orly 100 tons. I have not been
able to learn the tonnage of Cook's
vessels presumably they were no
Nor should it be forgotten ho
meagre was the equipment of these
Our modern sea voyages are reu-
nccutale maps and charts, which
locate and describe every island,
reef, or shoal in their course.
These old voyagers went out into
the dark with their lives in their
hands. It is astonishing that they
got through the reef strewn
mazes of the Pacific without dis
It seems to have been "holly bv
chance thut Cook struck the is
lands. Coming up from Christ
mus Island the northeast trades
set him so far to the west that he
fell wide of Hawaii, and just miss
ed Oahu, fetching the south coast
of Kauai. Finding n o suitable
landing he kept on down the coast
toward Waimea. II e notes the
bold, precipitous shore line of the
Kipukai region and the lofty
mountains behind, Evidently about
Koloa some small canoes came off
bringing rigs and vegetables for
barter, which were secured at the
rate of several pigs for a 10-d nail
It is interesting to inquire how the
natives divined that pigs and vege
tables were wanted, or that "barter
would be in order, or how they
knew anything of the value of 10-d
It would all seem to point to
some earlier, even if vaguely re
membered contact with civiliza
Night coming on they stood off
ana next morning many canoes
came off. Inquiries concerning
supplies of fresh water elicited the
information that there was a con
siderable body of it a little back
from the shore. This I take to be
Hanapepe, where it would prob
ably be necessary to go a little
back from the shore to get good
fresh water. One of the officers
was detailed to make an examina
tion of the coast, and t 6 take
measures to secure an adequate
supply of water. In the execu
tion of these orders a measure of
antagonism was aroused among
the natives with the result that
one of them was killed.
In the meantime the vessels
were beset by crowds of eager cu
rious natives filled with astonish
ment at all they saw, and betrav
ing tne Keenest desire tor iron
which they all seemed to know
about, and which they called "ha
maiti" and toe," which I take
to be maikai-good. and koi-axe
or perhaps (he maikai i koi) good
for axes. Other articles ofi'ered
them such as beads, looking glass
etc. tnev naa no use tor, and no
comprehension of their purpose
Iron articles, however, they were
so bent on having that they lost
no chance in appropriating quite
openlv at fir.it, whatever thev could
lay their hands on.uutil they were
sharply reminded that this sort o
thing would not be tolerated.
The unfortunate conflict about
the water at Hanapepe led to
move iaruier aiong tne coast, ap
pareutlv t o Makaweli, Pakala
where the present .Makaweli land
ing is, whence Waimea village was
distant about one mile.
Cook himself went ashore here,
lauding at Waimea, where all fell
prostrate before hi m in adoration
and many presents were brought
to him. While the watering went
forward Cook himself accompanied
by Anderson, the physitian, and
Webber, the artist, made an excur
sion up the river to visit a conspi
cuous heiau which they saw in the
distance, Cook notes that t h e
cocoanut trees were small, and
there were a good many kou trees
surrounding the houses, that the
village was mainly near, or on
the beach, consisting of some 60
houses, with some 40 more further
in the back all grass of course.
This occupied the afternoon, then
they went aboard to dinner.
(Continued in next issue.)
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UNDLLWkHJD tL UNDERWUOD, H. Y, '
GERMAN CROWN PRINCE WATCHING THE ENEMY. .
Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm who has been in command on
the Verdun front since the war started, is seen here studying the
French position through a periscope. Cable dispatches report that he
is about to be relieved of his command because his costly failures to
smash the enemy's lines have brought about a mental breakdown.
Three games were played on the fourth evening of the 'present
bowling tournament at the Lihue alleys. The scores made in the three
games and the present standing of the competitors are as tollows:
Class 1 Game 2 Game 3 Game Total Prev Total Grand Total
C. Maser . 227 195 267 689 1108 1797
H. Wolters 245 204 164 613 994 1607
155 A . '
W. Kuhlmann 199 166 202 567 518 1085
O. Prueser 140 139 181 460 .468 928
A. Siebel .. - . - 1509 1509
II, Rohrig - 787 787
F. Malm 131 195 150 476 919 1395
G. F. Winter 182 146 174 502 885 1387
140 . '
E. Maun - 1420 142.)
C. S. Dole - 1166 1166
W. II. Rice, Jr. 143 152 270 470 463 933
II. C. Sheldon 138 136 144 418 665 1083
C. W. Grote - - 1005 1005
W. H: Grote - - - - 806 806
Be sure, early, that you have carvers
for that Thanksgiving Turkey.
We have Carving Sets from $3 to
$4 made by Standard manufacturers.
Tell us how much you care to spend,
and we'll pick out a set that will be sure
We pay delivery charges.
Lewers eb Cooke, Ltd.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Telephone No. 102.
When You Come To Honolulu
Or ship freight from or to the City, you require the ser
vices of Reliable Expressmen. We meet all steamers from Ka
uai and are prepared to respond promptly to calls from Kauai
people at the hotels or elsewhere, or to carry out orders by mail.
Mail instructions, just as good as personal interviews. Give us
your orders and we will do the rest.
We are backed by our reputation for promptness and re
liability. THE RELIABLE TRANSFER COMPANY,
M. E. Gomes, Jr. Proprietor, Honolulu.
Only brk'f mention was possible
in last issue of the Hallowe'en
party given by Mrs. Baldwin at
her Makaweli home,
. All of the guests were in ccs
tume, and most of them were quite
interesting. Mr. and Mrs. R. L.
Hughes, as Dutch boy and girl,
won especial notice by their clever
Near the entrance the guests
were directed bv two ghostly fig
ures, mysteriously pointing to
ward the house. In order on the
steps three "spooks" were lined
to greet the guests with queeri
surprises; while at the door stood
two sentinel witches with crooked i
The walls were decoa'.ed with
pumkin faces, goblins and witches,
while a flight of bats and demons
across the walls of the living room
added a wierd elfect. Grinning
faces were suspended from the
(.chandeliers and doorways and rim
ing all the way around the room
was a procession of huge, black
cats. Lighted pumpkins were
placed here and there, and from
all the veranda lights were sus
pended bats, demon faces andgob
lin jack-o' lanterns grinning wick-
The evening was spent in danc
ing and the playing of old-fashioned
Hallowe'en games. Supper -was
served at 11 o'clock, the guests
seatina themselves around small
tables on the lanai.
Grand Jury Would Clear Ka
uai Highways Of
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
buys and sells
- . REAL ESTATE and
STOCKS and BONDS .
arid rents SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES &
Fort and Merchant Sts.
All the Big
11 you attend any or t'10 Ciji
Die collepe frames you will find !
that the ball almost invariably
used is the REAC H OFFK.IA
used is theKUAlH OKI-It: I A L i vi' " ..fa V(f-
AMERICAN LEAGUE BALWM.
College in won't have cm-thing iK f,
but the BEST- tl.r.f's why tn all use SU-
rJA 'N tr r'V I, i
The Grand Jury last Thursday
took cognizance of estrav animals
on the public roads of the island,
and made a request to the Board
of Supervisors that the situation
be remedied without delay. The
Board of Supervisors had an ordi
nance covering thi. matter before
it something less than a year ago,
but for reasons of its own "side
stepped" the issue. It is under
stood that a great many small own
ers ot cattle are opposed to sucli a
regulation, as they find the sides
of the belt road excellent pasturage
for their live stock. The report
of the Grand Jury on the subject
was as follows:
"The Grand Jurors of the Fifth
Circuit now In session ask and ur
gently requ st that the Board of
Supervisors of the county of Ka
uai. Territory of Hawaii, pass and
enforce an estray ordinance, put
ting an tnd to the present disgrace
ful and dangerous conditions on
our highways, as at present encum
bered by estrav animals.
"With an enormous increase of
vehicles, conditions are such that
it is absolutely necessary that steps
be taken to protect human life and
Collejre mn know too Unit t.. Rr.-ich Hall has b-cn o lnnti-.l liv "
AniTicuii !.i .iKe lor ten ycani, ami Is the c;Hici:.l l.i-ut,nt 1 r.ii. I.o ctn
llllll !'.', Ill ttl ft H I- I flKritf tr.l Ir1 Pri f..r...t..u
I the Ka.ii Irsdr-mark 3a all SiMirllnj Coi.us Is a auar.-nt-c el qita'lUv 'll tnwuis satis
faction, a nw arllile.'or your money Wk (rxtept on U.-.-in and Ualii' under $1.K)i.
VlAOJv. Iei;f.si HUhUClAL IIASK I'AIJ.lHllllB . . . 1 1, rcnir.
nizi'ii muiioniy oi inn Kirruuiu xniin. Illslury anil ptiotoa of 4'uitU'.
Vbunua. bcheiiiilm, recorua, o. lu cuau at deuk'iV or uy uiaul.
Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
for the Territory of Haw ait
Mr. Joseph Macario, represent
ing Covne Furniture Co., will ar
rive on Kauai, November 17, for
business with headquarters at Ha
namaulu. care of Mr. Antone No
briga, Jr. Adv.
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI. KAUAI TELEPHONE 104
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai, .
all hours, Day and Night
Autos and light machinery repaired.
Plumbing and gas fittings. Agents for Fisk
and Goodrich Tires and Tubes, Chalmers,
Ford, Studebaker, Velie, Federal and
Velie Truck. ,
Agents for the Inter Island Steam Navigation
Co., Ltd., at Nawiliwili, Kauai