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THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1915,
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
Kauai's National Guard
We are delighted (and Kauai should be pleased) that Colonel
Tohnso:i has met with success in his efforts to organize a battalion of
infantry on this island,' It is to be hoped that other voung men will
join the companies just started until all are filled to the limit.
A local military force is desirable for a number of reasons. First,
it affords training to voung men of a character which is not only valu
able but may be of vital importance in emergencies.
Second, in time of war we may need a strong, armed force, not
only to protect ourselves from piratical raids but to preserve order .at
Third, the National Guard, in company and battalion drills and
social functions from time to time, will serve as another agency for
bringing the people of our various communities together and promot
ing a better understanding and friendship all around.
Some young men have hesitated to join the new companies on ac
count of a fear that at some time they might be ordered away for ser
vice in foreign parts. When troops are needed for foreign service, only
such members of the National Guard as volunteers are taken, and that
only when the requirement is very great. There is not a chance in ten
thousand that such will ever be the case. In event of a great war it
will be the duty of the United States to protect each of the islands of
this group, and it would be military folly to replace men familiar with
the country (provided they are as well trained as our Kauai contin
gent doubtless will be in time) with strangers. Our local companies
of guardsmen will never get farther than Honolulu, and that only
for regimental or brigade parades.
There is a world of interest in National Guard work for the men
engaged in it. Shooting on the ranges for prizes and medals, indivi
dually and by teams, is a great feature; and there are many others.
Kanai has approached the problem of "preparedness" slowlr and
cautiously, but now that we have come to the front it is the dutv of
the island to make a success of it. The plantations and other busi
ness enterprises should support their young men in it to the limit.
Give them such time as they may require for target practice and for
drill. Build, if necessary, armories for them. The results will justi
fy the interest, support and expenditure.
Tins talk, (foi the most part, perhaps, by new-comers in the
country) of the desirability of retiring Judge S.iuford 11. Dole from the
bench of the United States district court will f ill to awaken a sym
pathetic i espouse in the heatts of old timers in II awaii-nei. These Is
lands owe much to judge Dole. The fact that he commanded the high
est respect of his political foes as well as the unbounded confidence of
his friends is the secret of the splendid success ot the Republic ot Ha
waii and the establishment of the Territorial government along satis
factory lines. If a vote wre taken on the question it would probably
be shown that a vast majoritv of the people of the Islands desire that
Tudge Dole hold his present office ns long a he may feel so inclined
and his health will permit.
Dross In The Melting Pot.
Under the heading "Life Is Cheap", the Hawaii Herald, a news
paper published at Hilo, says: "In the county of Hawaii there were
twenty one people killed bv other person during 1913 1914. No one
was hanged for murder, although, in almost every instance, the of
fense was murder in the first degree."
A serious state of affairs is here indicated. Perhaps no man of pro
per mental and moral poise views with complacence the hanging of a
person for any cause whatever; but we know, and the world knows
ftom the experience of 6,000 years, that capital punishment, however
objectionable it may be, is necessary. "An eye for an eye and a tooth
for a tooth" is a policy extended bv the children of Israel to man al
so "a life for a life"; and that has been the course cf mankind to this
day made so by recognized necessity.
The failure of juries to convict and courts to adequately punish
murderers lead directly to the lynching post; and we are sometimes
disposed to sympathize with the mob and condemn the courts, in cer
tain extreme cases (however uncivilized that may appear), when a
community feels constrained to take the law into its own hands.
In this Territory we are up against an unusual problem a situ
ation which calls for the strictest enforcement ot the laws rehting to
felony. Porto Rico shipped some of her worst criminals to Hawaii
years ago, and more recently we have received from the Philippines a
large number of people whose ideas of murder and other crimes are
different from our own. It is our Christian and patriotic duty not only
to tench these unfortunate people bv precept and example that crime
is wrong and not to be tolerated, but to punish it to the full extent of
the law in every case that may arise. When they come to know that
murder positively means the gallows, the seriousness ot life-taking will
dawn upon them.
But' the failure of justice on the Big Island, of which the Hawaii
Her.ild complaiivs. is not ail exception in this Territory. Maui and
Kauai arc similarly afflicted; while at Honolulu murderers have been
known to get off with a fine of a dollar, and embezzlers to pioceed
from the criminal court to the banquet hall to receive the congratula
tions of their waiting friends.
There i a condition in this territory, far-reaching and deep-tooted,
which acts as a paliative to crime and is constantly defeating the
ends of justice. It shows itself when the interests of so-called "higher
tips" are involved and seems to continue on down the line until it
throws a cloak around the low-browed burglar and murderer. We re
fer to a general tendency to sympathize with the wrong-doer, Mur
derers, assailants of weaker members of society, burglars, embezzlers,
etc., are entitled' to no sympathy; and from the time such persons are
so charged t,here should be no efforts at assistance nor expressions of
sympathy until a fair and impartial jury has decided that they are
innocer t. That every man is, befare the law, ' 'presumed to be innocent
until he is proven guilty" does not mean that when a person is arrest
ed for breaking the law he should be whitewashed by the community
before the case against him has been presented.
But such is the tendency in our islands; and we must get onto a
new tack. The place for felons is on the gallows, and for criminals
in the penitentiary ; and we will never have peace and safety in our
communities until public sentiment is so aroused that it will assist the
courts in putting them there, in place of obstructing the course of
justice by false sympathy for the wrong-doer, as at present.
Idealists (chiefly A Hawaiian growth, perhaps,) are wont to re
fer to these Islands as the 'melting pot of civilization." The thought
is a happv one; but it should be remembered in connection with it
that dross accumulates in all "melting pots" , and it is necessary to
stop work once in awhile, clean out the dross and cast it awav where
it will no longer contaminate the pure metal or the pot. This "melt
ing pot" of ours is in need of such a cleaning; but it will get it only
when community sentiment in respect to criminals is diverted from
its present course and is aligned solidly on the side of law and order
If the sitervisoks have a good reason for delaying an ordinance
relating to estrays on the public highways, it seems to be near the
time when thev should come out with it. The fact that the grand
iurv on Thursdav took cognizance of the matter should indicate to our
countv fathers that the agitation is not of an idle ami iiresponsibje
character. We have heard from time to time that there are objections,
and nhiectors. to such an ordinance, and it would appear that these
objections have in the past had nice weight with the supervisors than
the arguments in favor of such a law. Let us know what the objec
tions are and how far they really extend.
The secret of the failure of recent campaigns in various States
for woman suffrage probably lies in the fact that n majoritv of the
women themselves do not favor the plan. The next State to pass up
on the question should first ask the women to express their wishes at
the polls in the matter. If a majoritv vote for suffrage, it is a pretty
safe proposition that the existing electorate would do the same. We
are rather inclined to anticipate, however, that in most communities
the question would end with the straw vote.
g$S!0 pder JpIii
JrooMNc; with trust moneys has happened several times too often
at Honolulu lately, and a strong antidote is immediately required. A
policy of giving the extreme limit of the law in such cases in future
would doubtless have a salutary effect.
San Francisco has in most excellent manner celebrated the open
ing of the Panama Canal. Might it not be well to repeat the celebra
tion next year when the Canal is opened again?
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THOMAS ROBBINS FAMOUS INVENTOR NAMED BY DAN
IELS AS MEMBER OF U. S. NAVAL ADVISORY EOARD.
Thomas Robbins, of Stamford, Conn , who is the jnventor o
numerous mechanical devices, including the belt conveyor for carry'
ing coal ore, for which he was awarded a gold medal at the Paris Ex'
position, is one of the members cf the Inventors' Guild named by
Secretary Dnniels to the Naval Advisory Board. Mr. Robbins is enroll
ed in the American Legion, and last winter visited the front in France
to study military conditions.
Louisiana will make a fight for the complete restoration bv the
coming Congress of the tariff on sugar, and the hands of the Congress
men from that State should be held up ?s far as is possible bv other
sugar producing communities. The government is convinced tint
half of the proposed reduction is a mistake at this time, and reasons are
multiplying which tend to show that the whole plan was ill-advised. Now
is the time to strike.. and we hope that the friends of sugar in Congress
will take advantage of their opportunity. The restoration of the duty
would be the gieatest thing in the commercial history of these Islands
since the Reciprocity Treaty was signed many vears ago, for it is next
to certain that it would mean the end of "free sugar" talk for a very
long time to come.
A ri.ANTKR in South Carolina claims to have been successful in
growing black cotton? and declares that he will soon be able to turn
out any color required bv the manufacturers. We surely ought to get
that fellow out here. His genius should evolve without difficulty a j
scheme for turning out white sugar from the cane direct, cutting outj
the refinery and the profits of the refiners, I
New York Sends These
.Exquisite Fall Waists
We N'li'ct tlioin from the lines of one of the best nianufueturers in the
inetrojioliH. They just pot here, finl we hasten to put them on display.
They are the most recent styles, unil supplement our ul ready complete
To see these. lovely va:sts is to desire tlieiu; so we are naturally eager
ti have y.m inspect them. The prices are as likable as the styles.
Silk Plaids and Novelty
Weave. $1.50 to $7 50.
Dinner Waists in Georget
te Crepe and Chiffon over
Silk. $5.50 to $15.00
A splendid lot of Organdie
and voile waists. $1,75 to
Middy Blouses in every,
style. $1.25, $1.50', $2.00.
"Kealoha" Middies. $1.50
Box 566 SACHS Honolulu.
Let Us Do All Your
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
Territorial Messenger Service
I m MILES THE BEST TlRETOl
R llJ They average 25 per cent ill j
P ilil more than other 'Tires, fft f I -
w A full stock carried at the ff j i
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu.
Honolulu Iron Wks,
. HONOLULU AND HILO