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THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1915,
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
For A Complete Regiment
It seems to us that if we are to have a substantial military organi
zation on this island (and public sentiment has apparently decreed
that we shall), we ought to go the full length and organize a complete
tegiiueut, in place of a half-and-half arrangement such as is new in
prospect. ,In lour days Colonel Johnson, coming as a stranger to the
island, organized the half of a complete regiment, with some of the
companies overflowing with men and many more applications already
coming in. There are enough men enlisted at this time to form two
battalions, and it would be a matter of verv little work to fill out a
regiment of three battalions complete.
The present situation is this: The third regiment is divided be
tween Maui and Kauai a half of it being on the former island and a
half here. Also bad, one battalion is divided between Maui and Ka
uai. Naturally the field and staff officers of the regiment will be di
vided between the two islands. Under the circumstances a regimental
turnout, parade or review would be impossible, and the highly desir
able meetings between regimental units and officers of the organization
would be out of the question.
It is well enough for Kauai to start with her half regiment and
whip that into military form; but we quite agree with the spirit of the
island that a full regiment can and should be organized here, and that
the entire regimental establishment should be located on this island.
And we venture the guess that Maui is in a like position and feels the
same way about it.
The reason a company was not organized at Koloa was, we are
given to understand, a desire to have a cavalry company there Koloa
being selected for that honor on account of being near the center of
the inhabited part of the island. But it may be a long time before a
cavalry contingent is authorized (we understand that a good deal of
red tape may intervene); and in the meanwhile an infantry company
might be organized there. Kilauea, as a center, is good for a com
pany, Hanalei for one, Lihue for two more, and the country between
Koloa and Kekaha for two more. That would give twelve companies,
or a complete regiment.
Of course there is the matter of support to these companies by the
war department and the legislature. The increase in the military es
tablishment has made it necessary to divide and re-divide appropria
tions until the money is already thin in spots. A larger amount will
not be forthcoming until the new apportionment is made to the Nation
al Guard of the various States next Spring
It is nearly four months to the inspection, upon which war de
partment allowances are made. In that time a full regiment could be
gotten in shape on this island, and there is not the shadow of doubt
but that itj would be amply provided for in the departmental estimates
for the new periou.
As we said be-tore. Kauai is in the thing and, as is usual with this
island, will not bt satisfied with less than the best possible showing
and a complete success of it. A full regiment seems to be the desire,
and it should com; to that sooner or later preferably sooner.
Judge Stuart's Mandamus Case.
The mandamus case of Judge Stuart, of the First Judicial Circuit
against Governor L. E. Pinkham and Land Commissioner Joshua D.
Tucker, which will come up in Judge Ashford's court at Honolulu
next Saturday, promises to be a matter of great interest throughout
the Islands. Judge Stuart objects to the entire course of the Territor
ial government in dealing with the important matter of public lands,
and specifics instances in which, to his mind, the Governor and his
commissioner have evaded the letter and spirit of the law.
It is hinted in connection with the matter that the mandamus pro
ceediugs form the opening gun of a campaign within the Democratic
party of the islands against the administration of Governor Pinkham.
If that be so, the seriousness of the move is not lessened by the fact
that tool very close to vital public interests has been selected to work
with If it were merely a party fight, in which the affairs of the peo
ple , re not so closely and intimately involved, we would say, in the
laiu .age of the street, "Go to it!" But it is one of those things that
t be passed lightly,
.'he land problem has been the rock upon which every adminis
;a of the Ttrritorv of Hawaii has come to more or less gritf.
nor Dole had his troubles with it. Governor Carter almost
fo i U-rtd the ship of state on it and Governor Frear did little., if any
be. .i. :-. Governor Pinkham started out with certain promises which
lo-.k-.d very well in print: but he, too, appears to have struck snags.
It has been a notable fact, also, that when each of these governors
r-i.::,.'d the mysterious breakers which have evidently been encount
er J, the disposition has been to draw away from the public. It is
perhaps fair to say that Governor Pinkham, to date, has shown less of
that tendency than either of his predecessors.
It is not proper to discuss a case hefore it has been presented in
court, and we will not, ct this time, enter into the merits or demerits
of the pending controveisy. We would like to remark, however, that
Uk- atmosphere in regard to public lands needs considerable clearing,
ami if the suit of Judge Stuart has the effect of bringing that about,
a disiinct public seryice will have been accomplished.
Insanitary Eating Houses
The Anti-Tuberculosis League has taken up at Honolulu a cam
paign the purpose of which is to minimize the danger of the spread of
tuberculosis by insanitary restaurants; and we commend the idea to
i he sanitary officers of this island. It is intended that all employees
of restaurants be examined at intervals for tubercular infection. Sec
ond, that restaurants be subjected to regular inspections, with a view
to perpetuating sanitary conditions. Third, that all dishes used in
resuurants be thoroughly sterilized after being employed upon the
The League has gone into this subject very thoroughly and has
reached the conclusion that a large percentage of casts of tuberculosis
are tracable directly to the restaurants of the citv; and not a few, per
haps, to persons afflicted with tuberculosis working in the kitchens or
waiting upon the tables.
The need of a campaign of this kind is urgent on Kauai, Most
of our restaurant buildings, in the small towns, are old and have the
appearance ..of being breeding places for germs of almost Pny kind.
Absolutely no attention is paid to the matter of sterilizing dishes, and
in many places little to washing them Food is cooked and prepared
for the tables under insanitary conditions. Worst of all .we are not
aware of any systematic effort to protect the public from the danger of
infection from waiters afflicted with tuberculosis.
We have a chance on Kauai to minimize the ravages of tubercu
losis, if not. indeed, to stamp it out altogether. We have no city slums
to contend with, and here are the best of conditions in the matters of
sunlight and air. There should be concentrated effort on probable sites
of infection, and the country restaurant is one of the most notable of
which we are acquainted.
Unfortunately the law is weak on matters of this sort, and on ac
count of it, our sanitary otneers nave to woric under difficulties. At
the same time such work should have public endorsement and support
and if that can be mustertd, tne restaurant keepers would be forced
into line, and a great improvement in the situation be made possible.
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