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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY FEBRUARY 22, 1916
The Water Interests
(Continued from page 3.)
water into the Olokele, for use on
he Makaweli area.
In times of freshet this Waialae
chain of reservoirs could be filled
with no detriment to the Waimea
area, since otherwise the water
would run to sea and be lost. Then
on the subsidence of the freshet,
whenever it was judged that a
normal condition had been reach
ed, a daily equivalent tantamount
to the normal flow of the stream
could be released from the reser
voirs to Waimea, while that exact
amount could be deverted through
the cross country ditch to Maka
weli. Manifestly this would be
doing Waimea no injustice since
stored mountain water, is iust as
good as normal-stream mountain
water. And Makaweli would be
ahead bv the amount of the normal
flow, reinforcing her ditch in a
As a matter of fact Makaweli
might do much better. She has
one excellent reservoir site of some
250 million, gallans, tributary to
her wvn system, in the Little Hale
'.'a stream. This she might fill
periodically from the Waialae wa
tershed, and thus materially re-in-force
her daily water supply.
Of course there are practical
questions of construction which
:annot be answered off hand with
out much more detailed examina
tion than I have been able to make,
but such examination as I have
been able to make leads me to be
lieve that the plan is entirely feasi
ble and not unduly expensive.
As to the supply of water avail
able also, farther examination
would need to be made, but the
following figures, compiled from
the Hydrographic Survey Report
for 1912, would seem to be pretty
conclusive. They apply to the
aialae gauging station at an
elevation of about 3000 ft in the
general region where the proposed
resevoir system would be located
January 7 mill, galls, daily aver
February 6 "
March 14 "
April 8 "
May 7 "
June 4 "
July 16 "
October 13 "
During this year, if we except
the month of June there were very
frequent freshets, seldom a week
in fact without them, when the
stream ran from 10 to 15 million
a day some times for weeks, this
being especially true of July when
there was a continuous freshet for
the whole month, ranging from 10
to40 million a day.
Now it is true that this gauging
station on the Waialae is at a some
what lower elevation than the pro
posed cross-country ditch, and
therefore registers more water than
this ditch would gather up, but
by way of compensation this cross
country ditch would also tap the
Koali system, which lies beyond
the Waialae and which would ma
terially increase its supply.
Let us suppose that there was a
storage capacity of 250 million
. very moderate galls, on the Wai
alae. and 250 millions more on the
Halckua, and that a daily average
normal flow of 5 million from the
streams at the cross-country ditch
might be depended on, During
50 days this 5 million could be
fed out of the Waialae reservoir
system to the Waimea stream, and
the substitute 5 million taken from
the streams for Makaweli. At the
same time another 5 millkn could
be taken from the Halekua reser
voir making this 10 million of
benefit for Makaweli.
Never, I believe, save in times
of the most phenomieqal drought,
would it be necessary to conserve
the reservoirs this long? So that
it would probably be entirely safe
to draw from the reservoirs at the
rate of 10 million a day, making
with the 5 million of normal flow,
15 million a day benefit for Maka
weli. In regard to the administrative
feasibility of the scheme, I would
say that of course there must be
amicable relations among the in
terested parties, and this it seems
to me ought to be easily secured.
The storm watet that goes, torrent-wise
to sea, and in so going
does damage rather than benefit,
Waimea ought surely to be willing
to relinquish to her neighbors at
a nominal rate, the more so, that,
in this case, it is onlv a drop in
the bucket of her total amount.
n case any unforseen develop
ment should arise making her
storm water, which is at present
worthless, valuable instead, she
would still have 90 or more of
Of course if the Waimea inter
ests should develop the enterprise,
and make the necessary invest
ment to bring it to a beneficial is
sue, then they would be entitled
to a fair return on the investment,
as well as something for the use
of the water. But if, as seems
more likely, the Makaweli inter
ests have put up the money and
developed the enterprise, then sure
ly Wiamea ought not to show any
dog in the manger spirit of obstruction,
A still more comprehensive
consideration may be suggested.
I have suggested that the natural
flow of the streams should go to
Makaweli, and the storage equia-
lent to Waimea. In case this sup
ply does not meet the require
ments of the Makaweli region, it
will be quite feasible to transfer
this Waialae storage water also to
the Makaweli system, making good
for the same, out of similar storage.
farther on in other branches of the
Waimea system. This would of
course at least double tne supply
available from Waialae for Maka
weli to be made up of course from
other sources, or to be paid for in
case the actual water was not required.
This plan would of course in
volve a suitable ditch system to
carry their Waialae stored water to
the Olokele Ditch. Being a nor
mal flow ditch of very moderate
capacity it ought to be compara
tively inexpensive. It might be,
I judge, about 62 miles in length.
Such a ditch would have the
advantage of serving a a delivery
outlet for the proposed Halekua
reservoir: in fact the Halekua
system should be planned with
this in view.
lins proposition ot a cross
country aialae-Olokele Ditch
should have the farther recom
mendation that it would minister
to the Mokihana country, across
the head of which it would run.
Dropped down into any one of the
small ravines, it could readily be
picked out for any one of the ridges
on which it might be required.
Mokihana contains a very consi
derable area of fertile land, which
is now soon falling out of lease,
and which will maki ideal home
stead lands if only water can be
secured for them.
Look more broadly still to the
future there seems to be no good
reason why such an intercepting
ditch as this that I call the Waia-lae-Olokele
might not continue on
from one water shed to another
until either the demand is satis
fied or the supply exhausted.
Recapitulation In a word, what
is wanted is suitable stoiage
capacity contiguous to the source of
First. This will insure the most
adequate supply to the needs of
the land. The higher and farther
back the storage supply is, the
more completely it will cover the
Second. It will save the pro
hibitive expense of a large storm
ditch such as would be required to
catry large volumes of water to
gether with the ever present dan
ger of disaster to such ditch in
times of severe freshet.
Third. The normal flow being
conveyed by long distanoe ditch a
comparatively small and inexpen
sive ditch will be sufficient, and
the danger of casualty will be very
Fourth. Vast volumes of wa
ter now running to sea, with no
beneficial result could be saved and
diverted to the beneficial irriga
tion of large areas now lying idle
In The Circuit Court, Fifth
Circuit, Territory oi'
July A. D. Term.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII, by
Arthur C. Wheeler, Acting Super
intendent of Public Works
Plaintiff and Petitioner
Annie S. Knudsen, Augustus F.
Knudsen, Arthur S. Knudsen, by
Bishop Trust Company Ltd, his
Guardian: Eric A. Knudsen, Ida
E. Von Holt, Maud Garxtin, H.
M. Von Holt. Trustee, Yamani,
S. Ozaki, Francis Gay, Aubrey
Robinson, Jane R. Gay and Mrs.
Aubrey (Helen) Robinson, co
partners doing business under the
firm name and style of Gay &
Robinson, Kekaha Sugar Company
Ltd,. Waimea Sugar Company Ltd,
John Doe, Mary Doe. and Richard
Roe. unknown owners and claim
ants. Defendants and Respondents.
Alias Term Summons.
THE TERRITORY OF HA
WAII: To the high Sheriff of the Terri
tory of Hawaii, or his Deputy; the
Sheriff of the County of Kauai, or
You are commanded to summon
Annie S. Knudsen, Augustus F.
Knudsen, Maud K. Garstin, John
Doe, Mary Doe and Richard Roe,
defendants, in case they shall file
written answer within twenty days
after service hereof, to be and ap
pear before the said Circuit Court
at the July 1916 Term thereof, to
be holden at Lihue, County of
Kauai, on Wednesday the 5th day
of July next, at 10 o'clock A. m.
to show cause why the claim of
The Territory :f Hawaii, plaintiff,
should not be awarded to plaintiff
pursuant to the tenor of its complaint,
And have you then and there
this writ with full return of your
Witness the Honorable Lyle A.
Dickey, Judge of the Circuit Court
of the Fifth Circuit, at Lihue, this
17th day of January, 1916-.
(Sigued) D. Wm. Dean
TERRITORY OF HAWAI
COUNTY OF KAUAI
I, D. W. Dean, Clerk pf the
Circuit Court of the Fifth Judicial
Circuit, Territory of Hawaii, do
hereby certify that the foregoing
is a full, true and correct copy of
the alias summons in the case of
The Territory of Hawaii vs. An
nie Knudsen, et a!., as the same
appears of record and on file in the
office of the Clerk of said Court.
I further certify that the petition
prays the condemnation for use as
a wharf site, of the following des
cribed land and its appurtenances,
situate at Waimea, Island and
County of Kauai, Territory of Ha
Beginning at a point on the sea
shore at high water mark, from
which point of beginning the true
azimuth and distance to a na'l set
in tne outer end ot the wliart is
120 22' 46" 378.5 feet; the true
azimuths and distances from said
nail to Government Trig, Station
"Puu-Lani" is 272 45'. 28,469.80
feet and to Government Trig. Sta
tion "Puu O Papai" is 292
21,271.23 feet running b y
azimuths as follows:
1. 185 52" 258.0 feet; 2.
52' 62.0 feet; 3. 5 52' 258.0 feet;
4. Thence along high water mark
to point of beginning, the true
azimuth and distance being 275
52', 62.0 feet. Containing an area
of 15,996 square feetdnore or less.)
All persons having any interest
in, or claim to. the land and it?
appurtenances sought to be con
demned, are hereby warned that
unless thev file answer at said
Circuit Court, on or befoie May 8,
1916, thev will be forever barred
from contesting said petition or
any judgment entered thereon.
In witness whereof I have here
unto set my hand and aflixed the
seal of the said Circuit Court this
17th day of January, 1916.
(Signed) D. W.m. Dean,
Jan. 18 to Mar. 21. Clerk.
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