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FIGHT IN CONGRESS
THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1916,
PUBLIC NATIONAL PARK
Special Watbington Cormpondenct of THE GARDEN ISLAND)
Washington, D. C, Feb. The J world of science, and the most
House I ublic Lands Commit- continuously, variously, and harm
tee has been conducting hearings lessly active volcanoes on earth,
upon the bill Introduced by Dele-j Kilauea crater has been nearly
gate Kalar.ianaole to establish a I continuously active with a lake or
National Park in Hawaii and has
heard testimony in favor of the
bill given by Prof. Jaguar. Judge
Ballou and the Delegate. Ex
tracts from Prof. Jaggar's testi
mony are as follows:
The present bill is designed to
establish a national park in Ha
waii consisting of the two original
tracts as modified by later surveys,
and an additional tract consisting
of the great crater of Haleakala
Volcano, on the island of Maui.
The total acreage of sll four
tracts is about 75,293 acres, di
vided as follows.
Mauna Loa tract, 17.920 acres,
about one-half public land; Kilau
ea tract, 35,865 acres, about four
ninths public land; Roadway tract,
360 acres, about one-half public
land; and Haleakala tract, 21,150
acres, about one-third public land.
The Roadway tract is one which
the Secretary is empowered under
the bill to select. Four-ninths of
the total area is public land, but
the balance is mainly desert or
worthless cattle land belonging
largely to benevolent trust estates
interested in the public welfare.
Probably nine-tenths of the private
land will be ceded to the Territory
at such time as the Territory will
take the matter in hand under a
definite authorization such as the
passage of this bill will create, to
secure for a national park all the
land obtainable, within definite
metes and bounds. Therefore this
bill is drawn solely for the pur
pose of creating a park; it calls for
no appropriation from the Nation
al Treasury, and the park so
created will consist at the outset
only of the public lands within
the boundaries defined.
Section 2 provides that no ex
isting claim, location, or entry
within the park shall be affected
and that the usual provision for
rights of way, etc., may be made
by the Secretary of the Interior.
Section 3 provides that no lands
privately owned shall be affected
by or subject to the provisions of
this act. Section 4 provides that
the Secretary of the Interior shall
have executive control over the
park and may use the proceeds of
leases and other revenues in pro
tection and managemert of the
There is the same iustification
for creating a national park about
the three great volcanoes of Ha
waii that there was for setting a
side the wonders of the Yellow
stone geyser district, the Big Trees
- of California, and the Great Can
yon of the Yosemite. The Ha
waiian volcanoes are truly a na
tional asset, wholly unique of their
kind, the most famous in the
lakes of molten lava for a century.
Mauna Loa is the largest active
volcano and mountain mass in the
world, with eruptions ab5ut once
a decade, and has poured out more
lava during the last century than
any other volcano on the globe.
Haleakala is a mountain mass 10,
000 feet high with a tremendous
crater rift it its summit 8 miles in
diameter and 3.0C0 feet deep, with
many high lava cones built up in
side the crater. It is probably the
largest of all known craters among
volcanoes that are technically
known as active. Haleakala erupt
ed less than 200 years ago. The
crater at sunrise is the grandest
volcanic spectacle on earth.
The Delegate, when asked if
there would be any objection to
the incorporation of a proviso in
the bill that n o appropriation
should be made by the Federal
Government until there had been
ceded such rights of way over the
private lands as the Secretary of
Interior might find necessary, said:
I think it is a good provision. I
believe though that there will be
no trouble in securing the convey
ances mentioned by Mr. Lenroot,
However, it would make for co
operation between the Government
and the private owners, whom I
assure you are public-spirited citi
zens and sincerely interested in
the creation of the park. A great
er portion of th private land ad
joining the public lands, ana
which it is asked be included in
the park area, is waste and barren
land and is of very little value.
This land will either be ceded to
the Government, or can be secured
at a very low price. The Bishop
estate, an educational and eleem
osynary trust, is owner of a large
part o f these privately owned
lands. The trustees of this estate
are very public-spirited men,
whom I know would put no ob
stacle in the way of public im
You will note that the bill con
tains no provision making it obli
gatory for the Federal Govern
ment to purchase any part of these
private lands, In fast, the public
lands now included in the park
area, as already stated by Prof.
Jaggar, appear to be at present
sufficient for the purposes of a
park. It may, however, be neces
sary to acquire some parts of these
private lands, but as the bill is
now drawn no purchase can be
made as there is no appropriation
for that purpose.
There is good reason to believe
that the bill will be reported upon
favorably by the Public Lands
Committee and will pass the House
Need Immediate Change
(Continued from page 1.)
to prepare the industries of this
country for events which may oc
cur on any day, they will lose no
time in restoring the principle of
of a protective tariff upon lines
fully jusitified by statistics now
and for months available in the
Department of Commerce, presid
ed over by a man of Mr. Wilson's
If President Wilson ana ni9'
party intend to use the tariff com- j I
mission idea as an excuse for evad-1 1
ing the issue of protection to
American industry, they are jeo
pardizing the wtlfare of American
labor and the activity of American
"The business men of America,
regardless of party lines, should
plead with Mr. Wilson and his
party to disregard their partisan
prejudices and act immediately for
the welfare of American labor and
The following arrived on the
S. S. Maui Friday morning:
Hon. G. N. Wilcox, C.A.Scott
T. W. Harris, J. A. Palmer, Mrs.
C. F. Henning, A. Horner, Jr
S. H. Ahu. C. Akina, A. Gomes
J. Gomes. K. D. Lovell, Kiwaha
ra, Katsubo, G. Namba, Isaac
Kaiu. Mrs. Wright.
Light Portable Railway
Track & Cars
Cut Transportation Costs
Wet Weather Loses Its
Honolulu Office & Warehouses:
728-74 Alakea Street
Ik Thh Circuit Court, Fifth
Circuit, Territory oi'
July A. D. Term.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII, by
Arthur C. Wheeler, Acting Super
intendent of Public Works
Plaintiff and Petitioner
Annie S. Knudsen, Augustus F.
Knudsen, Arthur S. Knudsen, by
Bishop Trust Company Ltd, his
Guardian: Eric A. Knudsen, Ida
E. Von Holt, Maud Garstin, II.
M. Von Holt. Trustee, Yamani,
S. Ozaki, Francis Gay, Aubrey
Robinson, Jane R. Gay and Mrs.
Aubrey (Helen) Robinson, co
partners doing business under the
firm name and style of Gay &
Robinson, Kekaha Sugar Company
Ltd. Waimea Sugar Company Ltd,
John Doe, Marv Doe. and Richard
Roe, unknown owners and claim
ants. Defendants and Respondents.
Alias Term Summons.
THE TERRITORY OF HA
WAII: To the high Sheriff of the Terri
tory of Hawaii, or his Deputy; the
Sheriff of the County of Kauai, or
You are commanded to summon
Annie S. Knudsen, Augustus F.
Knudsen, Maud K. Garstin, John
Doe, Mary Doe and Richard Roe,
defendants, in case thev shall file
written answer within twentv days
after service hereof, to be and ap
pear before the said Circuit Court
at the July 1916 Term thereof, to
be holden at Lihue, County of
Kauai, on Wednesday the 5th day
of July next, at 10 o'clock A. M.
to show cause why the claim of
The Territory of Hawaii, plaintiff,
should not be awarded to plaintiff
pursuant to the tenor of its com
plaint. And have you then and there
this writ with full return of your
Witness the Honorable Lyle A.
Dickev, Judge of the Circuit Court
of the Fifth Circuit, at Lihue, this
17th day of Jauuarv, 1916.
(Signed) D. Wm. Dean.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII, cc
COUNTY OF KAUAI. J -"
I, D. W. Dean, Clerk of the
Circuit Court of the Fifth Judicial
Circuit, Territory of Hawaii, do
heteby certify that the foreeoing
is a full, true and correct copy of
the alias summons in the case of
The Territory of Hawaii vs. An
nie Knudsen, et al.. as the same
appears of record and on file in the
office of the Clerk of said Court.
I further certify that the petition
prays the condemnation for use ns
a wharf site, of the following des
cribed land and its appurtenances.
situate at Waimea, Island and
County of Kauai, Territory of Ha
Beginning at a point on the sea
shore at high water mark, trom
which point of beginning the true
azimuth and distance to a nal set
in the outer end of the wharf is
120 22' 46" 378.5 feet; the true
azimuths and distances from said
nail to Government Trig, Station
"Puu-Lani" is 272 45', 28,469.80
feet and to Government Trig. Sta
tion "Puu O Papai" is 292 51.
21,271.23 feet running b y true
azimuths as follows:
1. 185 52' 258.0 feet; 2. 95
52' 62.0 feet; 3. 5 52 258.0 feet
4. Thence along high water mark
to point of beginning, the true
azimuth and distance being 275
52', 62.0 feet. Containing an area
of 15,996 square feet(more or less.)
All persons having any interest
in, or claim to, the land and its
appurtenances sought to be con
demned, are hereby warned that
unless they file answer at said
Circuit Court, on or befoie May 8,
1916, thev will be foiever barred
from contesting said petition or
any judgment entered thereon.
In witness whereof I have here
unto et my hand and affixed the
seal of the said Circuit Court this
17th day of January, 1916.
(Signed) D. Wm. Dean,
Jan. 18 to Mar. 21. Clerk.
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