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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, JUNE 20, 1916.
w hich has not been shown. Criticism of the judgment of the ap
pointing power might be in ordci, but that opens into a wider range
of the subject.
However, we want the best, whatever it is; and if the committee
of the Chamber of Commerce appointed to interview the next Legis
lature on the subject succeeds in biiiging forth a Utter system than
we how have their services will undoubtedly be appreciated through
out the Islands.
Clean ip the infected district near Nawiliwili. If the health
authorities require men or money, either or both should be speedily
forthcoming. Typhoid fever, which is veiy nearly epidemic, con le
stamped out there only by removing the cause.
The second battalion of the Fourth Infantry made a fine show
ing at Kapaa Suudav, and Maior McBrydc has every Mason to feel
satisfied with the work of his companies after so few months of train
ing. A majority of the homicide and murderous assault cases we have
had among Filipino laborers lately were probably taken into the camps
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
The War With Mexico
War with Mexico, which Americans have had wanned over for break
fast every morning for ten or twelve years, seems at last to be a reality.
It is next to impossible that a compromise can now be effected, for
America has already stood the limit of insults from the brigand govern
ment and people of the southern republic; and no matter what Wilson
may think or try to do it is doubtful that the people of the United States
will stand for any farther delay in clearing out the reign of anarchy
along the border. The next move of an overt oharacter on the part of
Mexico will so stir the people of America that'.the government will tind
itself as powerless to hold back as did the peace-loving McKinley in lSJN
oven should it wish to do so.
That the United States will be able in time to establish peace in
Mexico no one outside of Mexico itself, perhaps, doubts; but the war
will be no such easy task as was met with in the cast- of Sp;iin in IN!'!.
The Mexicans arc probably the hardiest and most experienced bush
whackers on earth today, and that will doubtless be their method of war
fare. In a contliet with them more Americans will bite the dut in a
single battle than were killed in the entire war with Spain, ami the total
loss in men in the first few months of war will lie such as to stir the
nation to as great activity as followed the lirst battle of Hull Run, July
21, l.Htil. It is easily possible that an additional army of a half million
men will haye to be raised and sent into Mexico before the situation can
be gotten in hand.
The direct effect of the war upon us lu re will doubt les be small,
unless, indeed, some other country shouM act ugly as a result of it. It
is quite probable that a portion, at least, of the regular army on Oahu
will be ordered to Mexico and in that case portions, or maybe all, of
the National (luard regiments in the outer islands may betaken to Scho
lield and Fort Shatter. That would hardly be done, however, unless
danger from some other source than Mexico threatened.
The President's Peace Proposals
The recent utterances of President Wilson regarding peace in
Europe and a combination of nations for the preservation of peace
thereafter in the world resulted in scarcely any comment regarding
the first section of the proposal but a very great deal, in magazines
and newspapers throughout the United States, in respect to the sec
ond part of the suggestion. The reason for this may have been that
the President outlined no plan for bringing about peace in Europe,
ana tne country telt tn it mere was little use in turther discussing a
task which seems so unpromising as yet.
In suggesting, however, the participation of America in a combi
nation of nations to prevent war in the future the President proposed
a radical and startling departure from the tr-jditionrl policy of the
United States. The admonition ot George Washington to the nation
whose independence he had done so much to establish was: "Avoid
entangliug alliances;" and that caution has been religiously borne in
mind by our country ever since, Of course this would really be an
alliauce of a new kind surely not of the sort in the mind of The
Father Of His Country at the time of his famous utterance. But it
would mean the end of American isolation and aloofness from the af
fairs of other nations. We would no longer attend to our own busi
ness alone, as we have done in the past, but the affairs of Europe, of
Asia and of other continents would become our affairs, and we would
be forced, whether we wished to or not, to take a hand therein.
The Monroe Doctrine, which America has maintained for nearly
a hundred years, would become an absurdity, for surely the United
States could not expect to maintain it and at the same time interfere
in the squabbles and troubles and problems of Europe and Asia. It
would be a case of one thing or the other right from the jump, and
once such a combination were entered into the Monroe Doctrine would
have to go.
We are quite aware that opinions on the mainland regarding this
latter proposal of the President is divided, great Republican editors
taking opposite views one from the other and Democratic papers like
wise varving in their expressions. Our opinion is that the President
has proposed something that the American people, when once they
understand it thoroughly, will not endorse.
Filipinoes And The N. G. H.
Sheriff Rice States to Thk Gardkn Island that no member of
the National Guard was directly or indirectly involved in the Filipino
homicides which jarred this community a tew days ago. He states
further that, on the otlur hand, Filipino numbers of the Gi. ird were
the first to step forward and volunteer assistance to the pohco depart
uient in bringing the accused men within reach ot the law, and that
their services in working up evidence has been most valuable.
These statements are interesting, foi tlu v bear out information
obtained bv this paper sometime age to the ncct that the National
Guard had done much to bring out the better points of Filipino
character. Joining the Guard seems to have definitely aligned the
Filipinoes in the plantations on the side ot law and order, and when
once in the companies thev not only behave themselves but encourage
others to do so.
We do not know what observations, if anv, have been made on
the other islands along this lir.e, nor have we anv positive assurance
that the good influence of the Guard on the habits of the Filipino will
continue; but certainly an excei'ent start seems to have been made.
The Warrior Candidate
Our likes, dislikes and opinions in these Hands regarding the presi
lental election cut alxmt as much ice as the views of a salamander on
the European war. for which reason we seldom bore our readers with
them. The Mexican criis, however. contraiiis us to refer to the position
of Mr. Roosevelt as rather unique just now. Should war come (which is
now next to a certainty) the United States would almost without doubt
lose a lot of men at the start. The American people would be immensely
wrought up over it. And who would get the blame? Wilson, of course.
Mr. Hughes is not a righting man. He is of a judicial turn of mind,
much as was Taft and, if you please, as is Wilson.
Roosevelt, on the other hand, has the reputatian of being a soldier
and a tighter.
See the point
The commission appointed to draft a constitution and laws
to make of the Civic Convention a permanent institution has
adopted a plan which will meet the situation admirably. It is a
combination of the ideas of Messrs. E. N. Deyo, of Hilo, and Ray
mond C. Brown, of Honolulu, to whom quite all the credit for the
hard work is due. While the plan i s all right, the question
still lingers as to whether or not the Civic Convention should be
formally organized and ribbed about with hard and fast laws. Un
doubtedly a number of delegates to the forthcoming convention in
Hilo will oppose the whole scheme, and will argue that much of the
success of the affair in the past has been due to its spontaneous
and unbridled character; although it must be admitted that that con
dition of things cannot go on indefinitely. We confess that we are
still kanlta on the proposition, although perfectly satisfied with the
constitution and laws prepared by the commission, if permanent or
ganization is to be finally decided upon.
The Case Of The Browns
By stretching a point and assuming that the "Brown case" was
of sufficient magnitude and importance to engage the time and atten
tion ol a staid and practical business body like the Chamber of Com
merce, we would like to say that in referring the whole matter to a
committee for full investigation and report the proper course was tak
en. There has been a great deal of talk about this case, and many
contradictory reports have been flying around. The Chamber of Com
merce has acted hastily on propositions before, and on at least one
occasion in the past eighteen months erred on account of not being
in possession of all the facts when motions or resolutions were adopt
ed. Mistakes of that sort are costly . for the rtason that they lessen
confidence in the clear judgment and wisdom of the Chamber, and
militate against its power and usefulness; and we feel quite pleased
that the pace for a new and sounder policy has been set.
In pursuing its investigations we would like to say that the place
for the committee's woik is at Honolulu. As we understand the mat
ter, what is wanted is the reason or reasons, as the case may be for
the elimination bv the Department of Education of the Browns trom
the list of school teachers of this island. Some of the facts may be in
the possession of persons here, but driblets will not satisfy. Let the
committee go to the fountain head. The facts are presumably all
there, and it is reasonable to suppose that the Department would sup
ply a duly qualified committee, such as the one that has been appoint
ed, with an tne information it may require, iuittreiv too much per
sonal feeling over this matter has been developed and shown to leave
much room for hope that anything like correct conclusions are possi
ble from a purely local investigation, and now that the Chamber ha:
gone so far as to take the subject up, let us have the basic facts.
Our School System
Criticism ot the administrative part ot the educational system
ot Hawaii will come as a severe jolt to our lawmakers and to a great
many other people who for years have held quite the opposite opinion
Comparisons with ther States show that, for ten or fifteen years at
least, Hawaii has had nothing to be ashamed of in the matter of re
suits froai her schools. Surely the general system has been a good
one or the results which are to be noted at every hand would have
Before the present system was put into effect practically all of the
business of the department was conducted from Honolulu. The outer
islands had nothing to sav in regard to their schools. Since then each
island has been given a commissioner whose duty it is to represent
the schools of his island in the department. A travelling inspector
representing the department direct, visits tne schools ol the outer
districts much as was required of the superintendent vears ago; while
the superintendent also duplicates the tours of the superintendents of
those former times. In addition to all this, each island has a super
vising principal, the duties of whom are well understood.
Taking it all in all, the system seems to be a very good one. Ob
jection to an oiticial, or officials, having its administration in charce
should not be levelled at the system itself, unless, indeed, that system
is directly and absolutely responsible lor incompetents in office
Kauai scored dig when the Board of Supervisors and Chamber
of Commerce obtained the consent of Major Win. Henry Rice to serve
as the member of the Hawaii Promotion Committee frcm this islr.nd
Major Rice is far and awny the best available man the island could pes
sibly have in the committee, and the only reason he was not sought
out before was the supposition that, owing to quite heavy official and
private business responsibilities, he would not have the time to spare
for this important public duty. Kauai has had excellent service from
the two predecessors of Major Rice, but thev have both labored un
der the disadvantage of not being residents of the island and as
consequence not able to be at all times in clse touch with its ideas
An investigation made by officials of California into the farm
ing prospects in that state to which Portuguese of these Islands have
been recently sent by a Honolulu agent has resulted in an official re
port which shows that the land ottered the prospective settlers is of
little or no value for agricultural or kindred purposes, In the opinion
of the California officials the whole schemt was to get the Portuguese
into the district, where they would be stranded and would be forced
to work as laborers in neighboring sections of California for estab
lished plantations. In the light of this information it is gratifying
that not very many Kauai Portuguese accepted the bait offered them
Ten cases of typhoid fever in the same locality near Na-
wiliwili in the course of a few months indicates an established source
of infection in that immediate vicinity. If efforts were made noon
the discovery of the first two cases to eradicate the cause, it is plain
mat inose enoris were not successrui; ana verv energetic measures
are now called for. It is reasonable to suppose that the infected a'rta
is now greatly enlarged and a general clean-up of the district may be
necessary. 1 vphoid has never proved a serious matter on Kauai in
the past, but it is one of those diseases that must be stamped out be
fore it has time to get a fair start.
The retirement of Captain Richard N. Oliver from the manage
mem oi n e vv aimea noiei, alter seven years ot conspicuous
service there, is a matter of general concern and regret. Much of
the success of the Waimea hotel has been due to the personal activi
ties of the manager and his popularity with the travelling public,
Not only tne waimea section Put the entire island will wish for Cap
tain Oliver even greater success in the automobile business which he
will take up at the first of the coming month.
The spectaile of more than a hundred thousand National Guards-
: i:..i.. i t : i ,..) . , n . .
men lejoimmg inooeoiao ij in uu? i rei-iucni s can 10 arms must liave
been a great surprise to Dictator Carranza, of Mexico, who had been led
to suppose that the United States had no army to speak of. The latest
official reports show that Mexico has only 8(,(XX) men equipped and
ready for service, and these are scattered. America s lirst card on the
table is probably a rather startling trump Ix-low the Rio Grande.
r ji i lAii
citizens ark tnemseives responsible tor had governmental systems
and laws. 1 he remedy is at the polls. We have primaries soon am
voters with ideas for the betterment of conditions should have an under
standing with candidates before they are balloted for. The practice
neglecting the primaries and complaining afterward is not a good one.
iHB man resi'OHSIblb tor the old roof on the county building
.1 - ,1 4 U . 4 1 . 1 " . 1 ... . ...
scnus wuiu mat mcic was nuimng me matter wmi it. We art quite
ready to admit that there was nothing the matter with it except that'it
leaked, and some of the people having offices on the second floor were
mean enough to object to being washed out once in a while.
me AM.Mi.L K theatricals ana kindred entertainments which
l.inue nas recently neen enjoving toim an interesting and huppv de
parture. The change from the regular order of things has been health
ful. and we are hopeful of another season of the same when the Sum
mer vacation is over.
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
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