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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, JUNE 27, 1516.
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
In Place Ok regular forces beintf drawn from the Islands for
sciv.ee in Mexico it now develops that tlie nrn.v on Oalui is to be in
creased by more than two thousand men. The strategists of the Is
lands wao had been figurinp on the National Guard RoirtR to Hono
1'ihi to relieve rtnulars destined ft r Mexico lust slht of ore thing,
i. e.: The new lat incre.iMs .he ref v.lm army to li e extent that in
place of requiring troops for Mtxican service frrni here the i e will be
new regiments to spare for bcnli Hawaii and the Philippines.
Christian Duty To Filipinos
Is it not a fact that much of the crime charged up to the Fili
pinos of this Territory may be indirectly the result of neglect on the
part of our own earnest, well-meaning, Christian people ?
To explain: On this island (and it is presumably the same all
over) educational, Y. M, C. A. and what may be bunched under the
general head of missionary effort has been focused on the Japanese
and Koreans. There has been for several years a well directed and
effective effort in behalf of the latter two peoples, but for some reason
which is hard to understand the Filipinos have been lei t out of it.
Turn anywhere you will and you will find Japanese churches,
the Y. M. C. A. for Japanese and church societies and institutions of
various kinds tor educating and Christianizing the subjects of the
Mikado in our midst. Work on behalf of the Koreans is none the
less strenuous and notable in fact one denomination of the Christian
faith in the Islands concentrates its missionary effort upon the
Where are the Filipino churches? Where are the Filipino edu
cational and training institutions ? Where in the Filipino camps at
any time are to be found men of God engaged in such work as is
being done for the Japanese and Koreans? What is the Y. M. C. A.
trying to do for Filipinos?
Let us be frank with ourselves about this matter. There is some
thing missing it has been missing a long time, and a large section
of the population dependent upon us for educational advantages and
Christian gui lance is going to the bad. We do not lav at this door
the entire blame for Filipino outlawry and general meanness, Much
is the natural result of unwholesome environment and lack of Chris
tian advantages in youth. Nor do we suggest any telaxationof effort
on behalf of other people whose "keeper" we have become volun
tarily or otherwise, The movement, or endeavor, or whatever you
wish to term it, should be increased to the extent that the Filipino is
brought fully within its scope. That is the shortest road we know of
for the elimination of charges now so frequently made against Filipino
character, and is our plain Christian duty.
Progress Of Universal Service
The United States Chamber of Commerce has completed a poll of
its member organizations throughout the country, including the
Chamber of Commerce of Honolulu, on the question of preparedness,
with the remarkable showing of 889 for and 56 against the proposal.
This expression, of course, is that of the cities and does not indicate,
except, perhaps, in a very slight, general way, what the rural com
munities think about it. It was to be supposed, in this time of agita
tion in favor of preparedness, that the cities would support the idea;
but it is really surprising that the vote in the affirmative should have
been so overwhelmingly large.
Only a very short time ago universal military service in the United
States was looked upon as a blight, and the same view was reflected
in the public opinion of these Islands. It was a relict of a system
from which free America was working away, and any step toward it
would be a backward move. It was the curse of Europe. We would
have non.? of it. Had a vote of the commercial bodies on the ques
tion been taken two years ago, it is safe to say that it would have
been overwhelmingly discarded, and even a year ago a majority in
favor of it would probably have been impossible. That the chambers
of commerce of the country, each chamber having one vote, should
stand 889 tor preparedness and onlv 56 against is one of the most
impressive incidents of the day.
But even this does not mean that we are to have universal ser
vice now or even in the near future. The cities in the United States
do not control, and the question would still have to pass the search
ing scrutiny ot Mr. Farmer, it you please. They might do it under
extraordinary circumstances, but it is difficult to conceive of the
farmers of the United States voting in favor of universal military ser
vice. Thus we may never have an thing like it as a national expe
dient until we have heen soundlv licked bv somebody and the import
ance of it brought home to the farmer in that way.
The general trend, however, is away from license and in the
direction of discipline, and that will help a great deal toward a result
which will come in America sooner or later. The next ttn years will
likely show a change in conditions that today we would contem
plate almost with awe.
Sickness Attacked the type department of THE GARDEN
ISLAND the past week, taking a few lints cf trenches. Moreover,
before it could be driven off this issue of the paper was left in a dis
appointingly be draggled condition.
A Message from the Kaiser to the King of Spain, sent bv sub
marine, was successfully elliend Pt Madrid a few days ago. This
is another of the startling accomplishments of the war, and indicates
a near day when small mttchanimtn will be running under water to
escape the battleships and airships above them.
Tiik withdrawal of Roosevelt trom the presidential race, and
his decision to support Mr. Hughes, enormously Advances the stock
of the latter. Mr. Hurhes is probably without his peer as an execu
tive or a jurist in the United States, and should make a satisfactory
president in every particular.
Hawaii's Convention Representation
There seems to be an idea in the Islands that in cutting down
Hawaii's representation in Republican conventions this Territory
has been singled out for a slam Such is not the case. The Re
publican partv has for a long time been working on a plan for more
adeqautely distributing the represtntaticn in proportion to the votes
cast for the party's presidential candidate in the various States.
Following out the idea in its strictest sence, Hawaii would really
have no representation in the nominating conventions at all, for we
have no vote for president.
But as a matter of fact, Hawaii was never considered in the
scheme for a moment. In developing the plan the partv had in mind
larger problems or, rather, one larger problem, and that was the
South. Since 1876 the Southern States have been coming into Re
publican conventions with delegations as large as Slates showing Re
publican pluralities, whereas on tlection dav the party has made no
showing in those States woith talking about. The svsteni has been
kept going from election year to election vear on tiie promise and
hope that an improvement would be shown.
Under the new plan, put into effect since the convention of 1912,
Georgia has 16 delegates instead of 28; Louisiana and Mississipi each
have 12 in place of 20; Texas 26 in place of 4o; Yirginia 16 in place
of 24; Alabama the same, and so on All of these States show up al
most solidlv Democratic in the elections, so that ever the proportions
now allowed would seem to be large if representation is to be a re
ward for "goods delivered".
Of course Hawaii wants all she can get, and undoubtedly we
should fight for the original six delegates as against two under the
revised schedule; but under the circumstances above briefly outlined
it is not one of those things that we hould throw a fit about in event
Tiik Stevedore element of the Pacific coast is made upot human
driftwood the ne'er-to-do-wells from far and near; and the onlv
reason they do not frequently make trouble is that they have been
unable to trust each other. The recent strikes are the outgrowth of
enforced shipments ot Hawaiian sugar through San Francisco, caused
by the closing of the Panama canal. When these shipments started
the bosses of the stevedores saw in the situation a chance for a hold
up and made the effort, nt the expense, also, of all shipping along the
Uoist. it goes to snow tnat Hawaii must relv on the Panama canal
as a sugar route, r.ven siuies are less Hazardous than the hold-up
games of San rrancisco s lahor sharks,
W- understand that the Educational Committee of the Kauai
Clumber of Commerce has received from the Department of Educa-
tio i a full statement of its reasons for dropping the Browns from the
list of school teachers on this island, and that it shows the trouble to
be a departmental in place ot a local trouble, or controversy. We an
ticipated t.hat it would turn out that way. Now let calmness and good
judgment prevail in further consideration of the matter.
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
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