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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1316.
Any K.rnii:ii who is planting water melons, luinikins, rucuiiihers,
tomatoes or other vej-etaliles all'eeted hy t lit melon liy would do well to
write to the Hoard of Agriculture and Forestry for sonic of the new melon
tly parasites which arc now avnilahle for olistrihution. Address, Board
of Arieulture and Forestry, King Street, Honolulu.
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
Oahu's Pineapple Combine
The news that ureal meat and fruit cunning corporations of the
mainland are negotiating for the purchase of pineapple enterprises on
Oahu hy wholesale has a dissappointing ring to it. For sixteen or more
years it has heen drilled into the puhlic that the pineapple was a crop
for the small man. ami it lias heen the hackhone of such homestcading
enthusiasm as we have witnessed. The ahsorption of Oahu canneries
means that the pineapple farm will he drawn into the maw of the great
canning comhine. ami that eventually Mr. Small Grower will he out on
the road looking fur something else to do.
On account of the enormous cost of mills, railways and equipment
of various kinds the necessity for large-scale sugar plantations is well un
derstood. There must he expensive centrals with which to do business
at all and the mills must he hacked up hy large acreages of cane Pine
apple canneries, on the other hand. arc. comparatively of small expense,
and it was hoped for the industry that the canneries would remain in
dependent and, moreover, would keep out. as far as practicable, of the
business of growing pines, leaving that to the homesteader and small
Once the monophy has gained control of the pineapple situation on
Oahu its tentacles may he expected to reach out into Kauai and Maui,
with the result that in a few years just the opposite to what the dream
ers of a small-farmer citizenship had hoped for will come to pass. There
is no legal way to keep a man from selling his property if he so desires,
and no way tc prevent monopolists acquiring that property if they so
wish. A thoroughly amused public sentiment is the only remedy.
The Mosquito Pest
In a land like this, hearing so much of the beautiful and charming
in nature and so many evidences ot man s good taste and enterprise, it
is hard to admit that we have nuisances. Put there was a serpent in
l'deii, from the best accounts, ami that probably establishes a precedent
for the little, musical, but unfeeling, nuisance of which we are about to
We refer to the mosquito.
The mosquito nuisance is undoubtedly increasing, particularly in
such places as l.iliue and Waimea. and as tar as we have heen able to
observe, no deli nitc measures are I icing taken to abate it. Something,
however, should he done. I he cost would not he large nor the trouble
great. Honolulu has accomplished much in this line, and, considering
our limited town areas, the task of minimizing the mosquito in inhabit
ed centers should be much more simple.
The current issue of the Popular Science Monthly contains an edi
torial entitled "Modern Methods for Exterminating the Mosquito Pest"
which, will not stating any new, general facts, outlines a plan for nios
quno eradication max snouid not prove euner uinicuit or expensive hen
on Kauai. The article referred to savs:
Next to draining the best way to abolish mosquito breeding places
is to treat the water so as to kill the mosquito larvae. While many
substances have been tried for this purpose, nothing has given such good
result as petroleum, according to experts of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture. Common kerosene of low grade is most satisfac
tory as regards ellieiuney and price.
It has been found that spraying with a portable pump is the best
way to use the oil. Small ponds, however, can be sprinkled out of an
ordinary watering-pot with a hose nozzle, or for that matter pouring it
out of a dipper or cup will be satisfactory. In large ponds pumps with
a straight nozzle, may be used. A straight stream will sink ami then
rise and the oil will spread until the whole surface of the water can he
covered without wast!.
In choosing the grade of oil to he used two factors must he consider
ed; it should spread rapidly and should not evaporate too quickly.
Heavier grades of oil will cling together in spots and the coating will be
necessarily thick. It has been found that one ounce of kerosene is sulli
cient to cover lift ecu square feet of surface, and in the absence of wind,
such a Jilm will remain persistent for ten days. Even after the irrides
ceiit scum spparently disappears there is still an odor of kerosene about
the water. A mixture of crude oil and kerosene has been found to be
clYective in killing mosquito larvae. It has one advantage over pure
kerosene in that it does not evaporate so quickly.
Special attention should he paid to little pockets of water that form
anund the edges of ponds, for it is in such places where the water is
not di-turbed by wind or otherwise that the larvae breed in greatest
numbers. Larvae do not breed in open stretches of water where the
surface is rippled by the wind.
In the light against the mosquito in Panama, the govt
perts found that a larvieide composed of carbolic acid, rosin
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Notice to Candidates
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The Danish West Indies
Although a good deal of space is being given to the prospective pur
chase hy the Tinted States of the Dani-h West Indies, there would be
really little of importance in the tra ;;.-aet ion except that it would give to
America three more small positions in the Atlantic1. Other than for their
possible strategic value under some extraordinary circumstance the is
lands ;irc ot I it t If consequence to any nation, for their combined area is
small and they ure incapable of maintaining a population of any size in
In other words, the Danish West Indies, consisting of the islands of
St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix, have a total area of only P'.S square
miles, or li ss than one-fourth that of the island of Kauai, while tl
population of the trio is about the same as that of Kauai. In the matter
of productiveness and wealth our little island is enormously in the lead,
while social ami general conditions are almost in comparably better in
any part of this group.
It may lie .-aid in explanation, somewhat, however, that there has
been little of the spirit of progress in the Danish West Indies for a great
many years, and Denmark, if aide to do so. has shown scant disposition
toward the betterment of conditions. In all likelihood there would he
great improvement under American rule, and it may he with some such
hope in view that America is offering such a large sum in money for the
tiny group. Certainly there is little else in sight to commend the trans
action as a desirable one from the American standpoint.
The Danish West Indies are east and southeast of Porto Pico, and
their po-session would carry the Stars and Stripes a step further toward
A primary election for the pur
pose of making nominations for a
Delegate to the House of Repre
sentatives of the United States and i
for Senators and Representatives'
of the Legislature of the Territory'
of Hawaii being required by lawj
to be held on October , 1916, at
tention is called to Section 85 of
the Organic Act and Sections 30,
33 and 35 of the Revised Laws of
Hawaii, 1915, as well as other sec
tions pertaining to elections.
Section 30, R. L. 1915, reads in
part as follows:
"The name of no candidate
shall be printed upon any offi
cial ballot to be used at any
primary election unless a no
mination paper shall have been
filed in his behalf as provided
in this chapter.
"Nomination papes for can
didates for delegate to con
gress shall be signed by not
less than twent five qualified
electors of the Territory.
"Nomination papers for can
didates for either branch of
the legislature shall be signed
bv not less than fifteen quali
fied electors of the district for
which the person nominated
is a candidate."
Section 33, R.
part as follows:
L. 1915, reads in
"Non in.itiou papers shall
be filed : s follows: For dele
gate to coimrtss and members
of tile legislature, with the
secret.. rv of the Territory, at
least thirty days prior to the
day foi holding the primary."
Nomination papers of candidates
for delegate to congress, M.nator
or represen' n'ive should he filed in
the office of the uiideis'r.fcJ not
latei than twelve o'clock midnight
on September 7. 1916. Each no
mination must be accompanied by
a fee of J 10,00, as required by law,
in cash or poa'.ul muney order pay
able to th. uiukrsigntd.
Blank forms of nomination pap
ers may be had on application to
the offices of the Coni'tv Clerks of
the several counties.
The twenty-live eieeiois . Lo
sign nomination pa;er-i ol candi
dates for delegate tj congress ai:d
the fifteen electors who sign nomi
nation pnpers of candidates tor
senitor or representative must be
qualified to vote at this, not the
last, election. All candidates for
delegate to congres, senator or
representative should therefore
verify the names of the electors
who sign their nomination papers
bv ascertaining from the County
Clerks of the several counties
whether at least the required num
ber of such names on their nomi
nation papers have been duly
registered on the Great Register as
electors duly qualified to vote for
them in their respective election
districts at the election to be held
on October 7. 1916.
Wadk Warren Thayer,
Secretary of Hawaii.
Southwark-Harris Diesel Engines
Marine and Stationary
Let us quote you.
Standard Gas Engines Still at the old
ii l i i iit" i
oonoiuiu iron w orits o.
Tui:v ai;i: Now using in Cuba a coiniavssed-air locomotive for plan
tation trains which throws off no sparks and can be operated much more
economically than the fuel engine in Use hi re. Our experience here
shows that hundreds of acres of cane may be destroyed, or seriously
damaged, by tires started by locomotive sparks. To avoid this danger'
the compressed-air engine has been iiitrodueed. It is stated that the
cost of the compressed air is very small, for ground ; is used for the!
i'eul ami of this there is an abundance. The wages of a fireman and 10 '
worth of coal dailv are also saved. i
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KAUAI CORRESPONDENCE INVITED
Office: Hawaiian- JIotkl
I'. O. Box 524
Mn. Hi. KMN of tin' Honolulu Military Academy, formerly known
as the 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i i i School for Hoys, is endeavoring to raise an endowme nt
hy pnUie suh-cri)tii f 100,000. the purpose lieinjj to improve an ex
tend the work of the institution. The effort of Mr. I'.lackman has heen
eiidor-ed hy the I loiiohilu ( 'hamher of ( 'oniini rce ami we are hopeful
that it may receive support on this i.-land. The ohjeet is a uood 'iie.
THE GARDEN ISLAND'S DAILY WIRELESS
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month. The Daily is delivered hy auto at every town.
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WALL & DOUGHERTY
Order It By Mail!
Our Mail Order Department is exception
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and toilet wants thoroughly and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders of 50c
and over, except the following: Mineral
Waters, Baby Foods, Glassware and articles
of unusual weight and small value.
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Poisons and lnftamable articles.
If your order is very heavy or contains much
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Haas' Candy a Specialty. Boxes 35c, 65c, $1., $1.25
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
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The Rexall Store Honolulu.
J. I. Silva, Prop.
ONE of the LEADING 1IOUSF.S for all kinds of DRY
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FOR WINE. BI'.ER and OTHER LIQUORS. Ring Up 73 W.
Main Office, Eeele, Kauai. Tel. 7 1 W.