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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, AUGUST 29, 1916.
THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
Luther Dermont Timmons
The Civic Convention
The civic convention next year will, in the natural order of tilings
he held in Honolulu, and we are inclined to the opinion that, for quite
awhile1 at least, future seions of the body should he convened ilk the
city. There is practical work fur the civic convention and out of it may
hi- developed pratical results, but before that can be accomplished wc
must modify the pleasure jaunt aspect which has dominated the civic
convention in the past and let straight business have a swing for an in
definite period. Theorists and "hot-air merchants" who hunger for new
worlds to conquer may take issue with this view, and the jaunter un
douhtcdly-will; but the majority, aiming for results and unmindful
of the gilded fringe which has intruded itself upon the civic convention
idea will concede that the recognized objects of the organization may
best be promoted by concentrating thought and endeavor? upon the
purely business objects of the institntion.
The first civic convention, held at Ililo, accomplished nothing of real
value, and the same may possibly be said of the affair on Kauai last year
At ailuku the previous year a bold effort was made and some genuine
good probably resulted. Aside from that, however, the civic conventions
held in the outer islands have proved little more than pleasure jaunts,
and we have no hope that they ever will improve.
A compromise might be made to the end that each alternate con ven
tion he held away from Honolulu, or that every third year the auair he
turned into a pleasure jaunt as in the past, but we certainly hope that
the present scheme will be abandoned at least for a number of years.
Dr. Victor Clark's Report
Dr. Victor S. Clark, who was on Kauai last year, has submitted to
the secretary of labor an exhaustive report, carrying 15)2 pages of com
inent ami tables, on labor conditions in this territory. In general he re
ports conditions as favorable when compared to Cuba or even the mam
land of the Tinted States; but lie plainly dislikes the present system of
recruiting plantation hands from the Philippines and would like to sec
more Portuguese or Spaniards brought into the cane fields. "The Ameri
canization of Orientals is not at all impossible," he says. ' By cutting
off fresh supplies of Asiatic immigrants ami encouraging small citizen
freeholders it will be possible to make the Territory an integral part of
the I nited States socially as well as economically and politically.
Dr. Clark, commenting on field employment in sugar plantations.
has the following to say, which will doubtless be objected to in some
quarters, as the intent, at least, is quite different in most instances:
"Sugar forms about nine-tenths in value of the agricultural produce
ot Hawaii, and more than one-fifth of the entire population is upon
plantation pay rolls. The industry is highly centralized and capitalized
and it presents an excellent example of typical twentieth century method
of production. Its growth has been regular and rapid, as is indicated
by an increase in the crop from 3(50, 038 tons in 15)01, the year following
annexation, to (4(i,44- tons in l!)lo. Tnis progress has been accomplish
ed in two ways by bringing more land into cultivation, mostly through
great irrigation works, and by increasing the return of cane per acre and
the amount of sugar made from a ton of cane through scientific cultiva
tion, cane selection and breeding, pest control, and fertilization, and
through improved construction and practice in mill and lioiling house.
This advance, indicative of a complex aiid highly organized industry,
lias been possible only through the expenditure of large sums of money
in experiment and improvements. Under dispersed ownership and direc
tion, such experiments might have been conducted by the (iovernmcnt,
but it is not likely that their results would have been so uniformly ap
plied as has actually been the case.
"'However, other conditions, some of them going back to the origin
of cane planting in the islands, account for this centralized system of
agriculture, which, indeed, characterizes sugar making the world ocer.
Kveii In fore the arrival of white men the land was held by the chiefs in
large grants under a sort of feudal tenure. These holdings persisted and
came partly under the control of Americans and Europeans during tin
grazing era, ln-fore cane was extensively cultivated in Hawaii. The pas
toral lands are still controlled in that form. Though the earlv sugar mills
were small affairs, whose ruins may still Ik1 seen at several places in the
islands, the men who owned them were mostly large landholders. A few
cenfra! mills were built to serve groups of smaller cane farmers; but in
every ease such mills within a few years were acquired by cum panics
which soon came to control the land, instead of the landowners main
taining control of the mill.
"Karly plantations depended on direct rainfall for their crops or
had inexpensive irrigation. With the larger development of cane plant
ing, when this industry extended into the formerly arid districts that
have proved so wonderfully adapted to this form of agriculture, a large
capital was required for initial outlays, exclusive of the cost of the mill.
Irrigation works demanded heavier investments than individuals would
risk in a single enterprise. The (rovernmeiit was not ready to under
take water development for agricultural purposes. So the utilization of
these arid lands fell into the hands of large companies. Sometimes the
water company ami the planting company' were distinct corporations, but
their relations and interests were so intimate that they were always un
der identical control. Where artesian wells were used for irrigation their
construction was undertaken by the planting company itself. With the
extension of cane raising into the arid sections of Hawaii, therefore,
came the organization of larger corporations than before, and today the
largest plantations are in such districts. But the example and success
of the.e big companies influenced the organization of the industry in
regions of direct rainfall, where otherwise came farming might f have re
mained relatively more dispersed than at present. Some citizens in Ha
waii oppose this centralized system as agriculture, and resent the control
over their economic independence which is thus given into the hands of
plantation officials. But it doubtless is the most efficient way of making
sugar, and, measured by this material standard, the fittest method of
production has survived.
Internal revenck reports show that this Territory paid more mo-,
ncy into the United States treasury last year in the shape, of Federal in
come taxes than did the big and prosperous State of Oregon. The exact
figures are $411,083.32 for Hawaii and $316,233.10 for Oregon. This
showing is of great interest in itself, and increases in importance when
taken in connection with customs, postoflice and other revenues that
reach the national treasury from this little pin-head on the vast I acihc.
Showings of this sort must impress Congress and the American people
with the fact that the value of Hawaii to the United States is by no
means confined to the strategic importance of the group.
The Americans of Portuguese extraction on Kauai are entitled to
representation in the legislature and while they may have clone as well
they could not have picked a better man than John C. Jarvis, of Home
steads, for the honor and responsibility. Mr. Jarvis is a man of marked
capabilities and has made good in business and other ways. He should
English And American
A Japanese Doctor in Mexico, claiming to have Ijeen the physician
of ilia, announces that the bandit died some weeks ago of blood-poison
ing, or words to that effect. We believe every word of it, but would like
some assurance that he will stay dead. Readers of newspapers have doubt
less long ago conceded that Mexico's chief out law has as many lives as a
Thus kar only two memlers of the Kauai ChamU r of Commerce
have definitely booked for the Civic Convention and county fair to be
held in llilo September 21-25. At least fifteen from this island should
make the trip. Who next? Communicate with the secretary.
The water problem in Hawaii has been a Chinese puzzle and nui
ance for forty years and if Governor Pii.kham (assisted by Mr. Larrison)
succeeds in solving it it will be the biggest accomplishment of his nd
Mr. Wong Hock Shi, Army Tailor
of Kapaia, begs to announce that he is at
the service of the officers and men of the
National Guard on Kauai, in the matter of
field and dress uniforms.
Mr. Wong Hock Shi was formerly army
tailor at Schofield Barracks, Oahu, at
which place he gave great satisfaction.
P. O. BOX 324
For The Pcr
F.va anil Far
HOME OF THE KRYPTOKS
Our Kryptok Bifocals are manufac
tured up to high standard, not down
to a low price.
They are made for the class of opti
cians whose experience will not per
mit them to buy anything but the
proven best; that is why we handle
Get in touch with us today if you are
in need of new glasses, for we know
that we can fit you to your absolute
satisfaction and comfort.
jjHj Optical Department
In their efforts to simplify, the Americans have changed the spell
ing of a great many English words, the following being a few which
probably make an American newspaper look as odd to an Englishman
as an English paper does to the average American:
American spelling English spelling American spelling English spelling
humor humour judgment judgement
civilize civilise esthetic aesthetic
gray grey disk disc
theater theatre mold mould
enameled enamelled catalog catalogue
offense offence omelet omelette
imperil emperil fantasia phantasm
sirup syrup program programme
referable referrable gruesome grewsome
plow plough maneuver manoeuvre
ax axe favor favour
I TllK TlJYolT at Honolulu the new Kauai nolo t.-nm ir:iv. tlx- (.
hu bunch a close run. Of course it is to le admitted that the team had a
strong subi-titute player in Shingle, but Shingle did not do all the play
ing by any means and the showing as a whole indicated that, although
green, in a way, the Kauai team will be heard from in the real tourna
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Territorial Messenger Service
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month. The Daily is delivered by auto at every town.
Southwark-Harris Diesel Engines
Marine and Stationary
Let us quote you.
Standard Gas Engines ftill at the old
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Telephone No. 102.
Order It By Mail !
Our Mail Order Department is exception
ally well equipped to handle all your drug
and toilet wants thoroughly and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders of 50c
and over, except the following: Mineral
Waters, Baby Foods, Glassware and articles
of unusual weight and small value.
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Poisons and lnftaraable articles.
If your order is very heavy or contains much
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Haas' Candy a Specialty. Boxes 35c, 65c, $1., $1.25
Benson, Smith & Co., Ltd.
"Service Every Second'
The Rexall Store
KAUAI CORRESPONDENCE INVITED
Office: Hawaiian Hotel
P. O. Box 524 HONOLULU