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THE GARDEN ISLAND. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1916.
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THE GARDEN ISLAND
Issued Every Tuesday Morning
states, Great Britain has now is?ur1 nn onlor forbidding JnrmiHuc in
Japan trading with Germans of the Orient on prnalty of also be ing Mack-'
liHted. As a natural result a ereat deal of feeliniz lias leen aroused in
the land of the Mikado. Our English .friends will doubtless conclude
Luther Dermont Timmons
ere lone that this move was n verv d.nnrrroii one nml will be onlv too
glad to drop it.
m& h.vp Ann n,ar
Civic Convention Subjects
' i -
Roads, public health and National Guard seem to be the leading
subjects outlined for discussson at Hie coming Civic Convention in llllo.
These are all topics of general interest. As for the first subject, Kauai
'as formed the habit of providing the roads and talking about it after
Vard. We recognize over here, however, that roads form a genuine prob-
'Mem on Hawaii and Oahu, and are quite willing to do our share in form
ulating any general scheme that may make for the betterment of condi
tions on these islands.
Public health is a live topic at all times. Just what the program
makers of the Convention hope to evolve out of the subject is not clear,
but it is assumed that something of practical value is the goal aimed at.
I The Molokai settlement and Hoard of Health reports on tuberculosis sug-
, gest the only conditions that we know of apart from normal. Owing to
peculiar conditions the former cannot lc improved upon by local dis
cussion ; the latter subject may well Ihj treated (if intelligently) to the
betterment of the whole Territory.
What the National Guard needs most at present is endorsement,
encouragement and support by the government at Washington. Citizens
of the Islands have done more for it per. capita than have the citizens
of any other state or political division for their respective nxlitia estab
lishments, and the success of the National Guard of Hawaii is merely a
question of the Avar department standing liehind the Guard in Hawaii
and encouraging it in a practical way in the matter of cmcicncy.
Paper Famine And Prices
' . ... . . a. .-r: C3
The price of paper, which has advanced from 100 to 200 per cent , or
more, over prices prevailing a year ago, seriously threatens the life of a
large number of publications throughout the country and greatly lessens
the profits of others.
It is doubtful if any other large industry in the United States has
had to face so serious a situation, because when prices of raw materials
have advanced the manufacturers of the finished products have advanced
their prices and thus thrown the burden on the ultimate consumer. In
the newspaper business this has not yet been done. The newspapers
from the largest dailies to the smallest weeklies, have been bearing the
burden which to many publications will mean complete destruction and
to many others the wiping out of all profit.
Had the newspapers of the country been as prompt to defend their
own interests as they have the interests of others, they, too, would before
this have undertaken to save themselves by an advance in subscription
price and in advertising rates. Under existing conditions they will be
forced to do this sooner or later, and they can not postpone it much
longer without serious financial embarrassment to many of them. Hun
dreds of the smaller weeklies, including the religious papers, which have
had but a very narrow margin between loss and profit, will, we fear,
suffer most seriously, and many of them disastrously, unless the public
promptly recognizes the situation and accepts an advance in subscription
and in advertising rates and thus save the situation.
The day laborer, the mechanic, the farmer and nearly all business
interests, manufacturing and mercantile, under the activity of the times,
are showing larger earnings than for years. But the newspapers, as a
whole, are meeting a more perplexing problem in the doubling, and in
some cases, the trebling, of price of paper, and in the absolute inability
to contract in advance for supplies, than they have ever had to face be
fore. The statements which have recently appeared in the daily papers
on the subject do not at all exaggerate the seriousness of the problem.
Villa says: " I have no animosity against the Grineoes (Ameri
cans.) My sole object is to punish the traitor and Carranza." We were
not aware that anyone had charged animosity against Americans" to
Villa. His murderous raid on Columbus, New Mexico, was not inspired
by animosity, perhaps. The spirit was that of thcrobW, and cut-throat.
Of the xcmber looked from Kauai for the Civic Convention and
county fair in Hilo, two will lie unable to go. This affords an excellent
chance for two other members of the Chamber of Commerce to secure ac
commodations all the way through and back. The first two members
communicating with the secretary will secure these reservations.
The discovery .that the mosquito is responsible for the spread of in
fantile paralysis should awaken the authorities in these Islands to a cease
less war upon this pest. In no part of the country, perhaps, could the
mosquito be put out of business so easily and at such small cost as here,
and yet, outside of Honolulu, practically nothing is done.
Road work should be pushed with all vigor between now and the
beginning of the rainy season. All remember the experiences of last
winter and surely ve ant no more of the same. The road supervisor
should-redouble his energies, and the county fathers and general public
should stand squarely behind him in his efforts.
It would be a fine idea to get up some sort of a public reception for
the officers of the cruiser St. Louis while that vessel is at Waimea next
Saturday. We don't get a warship over here everyday.
Pay-Order System Abolished
The county supervisors did a fine thing in abolishing the very bad
practice which has sprung up of allowing public employees to assign
their wages prior to pay-days. From a small beginning this practice
has developed into an almost unbearable nuisance in the auditor's office.
If the whole of a month's wages were assigned to one man or one store
little trouble would probably be caused. But of late there have Ven
dozens ami scores of instances in which employees have divided the
wanes of a given month between numerous creditors, it becoming neces
sary for 1 1 io auditor to make out pay warrants for all sorts of sums
ranging from a dollar upward. Thus an unneecessarily large amount
of the time of the auditor is taken up in keeping track of these absurd
orders and making out separate warrants to cover them.
Another (and more serious) fault with the system is the opportunity
it gave the less informed wage-earner to break the law. For instance,
there have been numerous cases of late of orders being given far in ex
cess of the amount of money coming to the laborer. To date creditors
of the workmen have taken the matter good naturedly and have received
their money in their ''turn" at the end of some succeeding month. But
suppose they were not so good natured. Or, assume that the laborer is
discharged from the service of the county at the end of the current
month the laborer has obtained something of value under false pre
tenses and is liable to arrest and imprisonment.
The new rule may upset the system of shopkeepers and others in
dealing with county employees for awhile, but in time it will be found
far more satisfactory.
Kai'ai seems to have leen fortunate in securing an assortment of
exceptionally promising school teachers for the ensuing year. This has
been due, we are given to understand, largely to the fact that Kauai's
school houses average up better than those of any of the other islands,
with the exception of Honolulu; while the living accommodations for
teachers are far and away superior to those of other rural communities.
These advantages have become noised about with the result that a num
ber of the best of the new te.iehers applied particularly for assignments
to Kauai schools. Thus the good work of the county supervisors in im
proving school conditions is having a very desirable effect in an unex
The position' of the United States that all submarines are not neces
sarily war vessels and that separate rulings should be made in the (rase
of each seems to us to be sound. It is a question of a short time only
when undersea commercial boats will be quite common, and then the
principle will be better understood, i. e. : That a submarine freight and
passenger boat is in the same class as a surface freight and passenger
steamer. The status of a submarine, whether as a war vessel or a mer
chantman, depends upon her ability to carry on aggressive warfare. If
she be incapable of that she is clearly not a war vessel, and that capacity
fiiust be determined by the equipment and fighting force of each individ
A remarkable thing about European war reports is that when a
new battle center opens up the existing campaigns, however large and
important, are lost in the despatches. Just before Rumania entered the
war the victorious Italians were pressing forward to Trieste, a point they
should have neared in a very few days. With the Rumanian sensation,
however, bang went the news of the Italian advance, and we do not yet
know whether they actually invested Trieste or stopped on the road to
Last year about this time the announcement was made that needed
ichool supplies were late in arriving from the coast, causing much incon
venience, and this year the same plaint is raised. We would suggest
that next year the order for supplies be placed a month earliei a very
simple remedy surely.
Honolulu people are apparently beginning to fear that their baby
elephant may turn out to be a white elephant.
Mr. Wong Hock Shi, Army Tailor
of Kapaia, begs to announce that he is at
the service of the officers and men of the
National Guard on Kauai, in the matter of
field and dress uniforms.
Mr. Wong Hock Shi was formerly army
tailor at Schofield Barracks, Oahu, at
which place he gave great satisfaction.
P. O. BOX 324
Save Money by Using
Double - Cable - Base
WE RECOMMEND THEM
A full stock in all styles and sizes
RUGGED and PLAIN TREADS
McBRYDE STORE, Eleele
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
buys and sells
REAL, ESTATE and
STOCKS and BONDS
and rents SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Fort and Merchant Sts.
I Let Us Do All Your
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
Territorial Messenger Service
HOME OF THE KRYPTOKS
Our Kryptok Bifocals are manufac
tured up to high standard, not down
to a low price.
They are made for the class of opti
cians whose experience will not per
mit them to buy anything but the
proven besl; that is why we handle
Get in touch with us today if you are
in need of new glasses, for we know
that we can fit you to your absolute
satisfaction and comfort.
WALL & DOUGHERTY'
Home Refrigerating and
Room-cooling systems, that circu
late cooled air through the whole
house. Ice-making plants of any
size or capacity.
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
HONOLULU, T. H.
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Telephone No. 102.
Order It By Mail!
Our Mail Order Department is exception
ally well equipped to handle all your drug
and toilet wants thoroughy and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders of 50c
and over, except the following: Mineral
Waters, Baby Foods.Glassware and articles
of unusual weight and small value.
Non-Mailable: Alcohol, Poisons and lnftamable articles.
If your order is very heavy or contains much
liquid, we suggest that you have it sent by
Haas' Candy a Specialty. Boxes 35c, 65c, $1., $1.25
Benson, Smith & Co,, Ltd.
"Service Every Second"
The Rexall Store Honolulu.
KAUAI CORRESPONDENCE INVITED
Office: Hawaiian Hotel
P. O. Box 524 HONOLULU