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THK GARDEN ISLAND, 1UKSDAY. MARCH 2o, 1917
THE GARDEN ISLAND PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
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THE GARDEN ISLAND
A Weekly Newspaper Issued Tuesdays.
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Inch per Month.
K. C. HOPPER,
The following are the most inter
esting statements in the report of
the McBryde Sugar Company for
last year, a submitted to the stoek-
Stormy weather was experienced
during the first and last months of
On December 18th. an electric
storm caused very heavy rains in
the mountains resulting in record
breaking freshets in all the water
sheds. Our power plant at Wainiha
was shut down as the ditch was
damaged and the intake dam wash
By comparison with the past
years McBryde Sugar Company was
well supplied with water during
1016. Only in September our stor
age reservoirs were low and rainfall
Crop 1910: As stated in my last
report this crop represented a total
of 2058.1") acres which includes the
areas of the outside planters.
Warm, wet weather kept the un
tasseled cane growing resulting in
poor quality of juice.
Wc manufactured 15,7'10.G2" tons
of sugar which was 2.r)0,375 tons
under our original estimate.
Crop 1017: We started harvest
ing this crop on December ISth,
1010, and up to the present time
the fields have- run slightly oyer our
estimate in cane and sugar.
The tasseling of the D-1130, La
haina and Hawaiian seedlings was
very uniform. Our Caledonia cane
has shown very few tassels.
The H-100 has given us our best
juice, excelling the Lahaina rn toons
and D-1135. We expect about the
same yield as harvested in 101(1.
Crop 1018: The growing fields
have received plenty of wator and
the high temperature has helped
keep the fields growing. Wo find
our H-100 and D-113 in exception
ally good condition for this time of
This crop should give us a larger
yield of sugar than we realized from
our 1915 or 1910 crops.
. Crop 1919: The steam plows
have already first plowed many of
the 1919 fields. We expect to start
planting early this year covering
about the same area as during 1910.
We plan to spread the 11-10!) as
far as possible, especially in our
The Searby shredder was largely
responsible for our reduction in
total mill losses.
Our molasses burner has given
us considerable potash which we
arc now applying to the growing
Since starting the 1017 crop all
departments of the mill have run
The new Turbo generator set was
started Decomber 22nd, 1010, giv
ing power and lights for the Kauai
Railway Company, the pumping
stations and the mill.
PERMANENT IM PROVEM ENTS.
As stated in my last report the
main improvements for 1910 con
sisted of clearing land and reser
One hundred acres of land were
cleared in upper Wahiawa field 0
A and woro planted to D 1135.
Tljo dam of Reservior No. 28 was
raised, increasing its capacity by
one- hundred million gallons. This
increased itorago of wator greatly
aided us in planting in Koloa dur
ing the fall of 1010.
Our new reservoir dam in Keekee
Gulch has been completed and when
settled will he filled with water.
This reservoir will bold one hund
red million gallons which will great
ly help the lower fields in East
During 1917 wc expect to clear
field OR, in upper Wahiawa. This
field is under Pump No. 3 ditch and
contains seventv-five acres.
The Holt caterpillar and trail
wagons have helped us considerably
in harvesting the outside planters'
cane in the Honiesteaed sections.
We have ordered an extra caterpil
lar and trail wagons which we will
use hauling cane during the grind
ing season and in the planting fields
after the crop is finished.
Extensive improvements will be
made in our boiling house during
the off season of 1917.
A standard effect with preheater
takes the place of the old Stillman
evaporator. We will add one more
Deming juice heater and place a
calandria in one of our twenty ton
pans. The latter "Will greatly in
crease the output of the boiling
liouse. We should order another
twenty ton pan and four more crys-
Thus equipped our mill will not
be delayed by the boiling house and
we will be in a position to make
any grade of sugar required by the
During 1910 our electric pumps
at Stations 1, 2 and 3 ran very
steadily. Station No. 0 at Lawai
was only used during the planting
During the past year 0,0S7,721,
501 gallons of water were pumped.
Our steam station at No. 3 was
dismantled and the galvanized iron
roofing used at the mill for repairs.
We have scrapped the pump and
will use the brass and copper at our
Electric Pump No. 1 has been
removed and stored at our general
warehouse. Situated below the gov
ernment road in Ilanapope we found
that there was not enough water to
warrant keeping up the station.
During the year we have planted
over nine thousand trees. Ironwood
and eucalyptus have been the main
varieties. These were planted in
our gulches to be used foi firewood,
:ilso along the fences and cane!ficds
for wind breaks.
Wo have planted avocado pear
and mango trees in our different
SUR-STATION OF THE H.S.P.A.
The II. S. P. A. Experiment Sta
tion has started a cane seedling sta
tion atMcBryde. Many thousands
of young plants have started and we
hope a majoiity will mature. Dur
ing 1917 these will be transplanted
to a plot of land in upper Wahiawa.
During 11)1 0 no contagious dis
eases were reported. As a whole our
laborers lo.-t very little time.
Constant gangs have been kept
in the different sections, keeping all
Many of the old sewers have been
replaced with terra cotta pipes.
All plantation employees recoived
a sub.-tantial bonus.
The unskilled labor bonus was
very high. The final payment an
settled the labor for u short time,
but most of the men arc now work
ing. We lost very few men, and
these were mostly Filipinos.
At present McBryde is well sup
plied with labor to tarry out the
work planned for 1917.
F. A. ALEXANDER
Eleele, Kauai, February 10th. 1917
The following arrived by the Ki-
nau Wednesday morning: A. Dor
ner, C. L. Hall, C. N. Hammond,
Mrs. E. W. Thompson and infant,
S. Stein hauser, C. F. Best, M. Fer
nandez, A.B. Corcorar, F. E.Trow
bridge, II. Trowbridge, C. F. Loo-
mis, Master Loomis, K. Inouye, T.
Nakanioto, Mr. and Mrs. Iwamura,
L. Pah On, R. Ins.su, K. L. Choy,
Mrs. Choy. Master Chov.
E. Lindnee, II. M.Gittel, F. S. Ly
man, J. Bergstrom, Mrs. F. Zoller,
Mrs. II. Ho and infant, Mrs. Kam
and infant, M. Sclva, A.l. Texiera.
L. A. Pauish, Mrs. Sheldon and in
fant, Miss Sheldon, C L. Sing, Mrs.
Ali (Jinn .,,,,1 o i.:i.i t
..i.. -inn .mil ii i-iiimicii, v. . lwamo
to, S. Oyama, Chuck Chong, T.
llamanka, S. Hainaoka, J. Decena,
S. Toda, Mrs. Toda.
At the annual meeting of th
stockholders of the Kilauea Sugar
Co. held February 27, in San Fran
eisco, directors were reelected a
follows: John I). Spreekels, A. B
Spieckels, John I). Spreekels, Jr.
W. 1). K'. Gibson and Chas. A
The Directors elected C. F. ,1a-
cohsoa as secretary, vice the late H
W. Thomas. Jacobson has been
identified with the office for many
years, thoroughly understanding
the details thereof and will make a
most competent secretary. Hi
selection is an apt reward for merit
and faithfulness. Chas. A. Gibson
was elected as assistant treasure
and the other olllcers were reelect
ed. J. R. Myers, manager, report
oil a total yield ol o'2U() tons ol sug-
ir in 1010, as compared with a pre-
iminary estimate of 0000 tons. The
ecrcase in the promised yield was
tttribuled to the low saccharine
content ami light weight of the
ane. milled, compared with the
-ATEST FIIO "LESS
(Continued from page 1)
Sunday March 18
Honolulu The situation in regard to the German ships remains
unchanged. Developments are expected tomorrow, Kngineer Cykler
is angry on account of Forbes reading document from him alleged to
letter was only
and demands return of the document.
a memorandum intended solely for the
He says the
eyes of em-
Infantry wins the track meet. Seven Hawaiian records
On The West Front
London The British and French have inflicted great losses on
the Germans on the west front and have made serious inroads on their
lines. In all the advance of the Allies has covered a front of more
than sixteen miles, taking fourteen towns and crushing the defense
for a depth of four miles. This has been the greatest disaster that has
befallan the Germans since Napoleon entered Berlin.
The French have also been successful along the Oi e in the Cham
pagne country, winning a big victory. The German front appears to
be crumpled in the neighborhood of Lemaison.
There have been a number of air battles. The British have shot
down seven Get man machines.
The Troubles of Russia
The attitude of the Grand Duke of Russia is madr plain in a des
patch. In accepting the throne he will do so only on a majority vote
of the people. The Czarina and little son are reported to be safe in
Findland. The garrisons of large military posts have joined the re
volutionists. Catherine Breskovoskava. grand mother of the leader of
the revolution, has been invited back to Petrograd, after an exile of 30
years. She is 78 years of age.
Accidents To Japanese
Tokio A special despatch to the Hochi states that the Viscoun
tess Uchida, wife of the ambassador to Russia, was badly injured in a
train wreck while on her way to the Russian capitol, in which many
Strike Less Likely
New York The opinion in railroad ranks now is that the strike
may be postponed indefinitely. W. G. Lee, head of the trainsnien
union, believes that an agreement will be reached on Monday which
will avert the necessity of a strike. Secretary Lane says there is un
doubtedly hope. Secretary of Labor Wilson thinks that the men of
both sides feel better toward each other. Lane announces that a con
crete proposition has been submitted.
New York Secretary Lane, mediator for the government in tl e
strike situation, announces that the strike has been postponed 48 hours
out of appreciation of the delicate international situation, and thr.t
negotiations will be resumed.
A Zeppelin Brought Down
Paris The Zeppelin L-39 was downed in flames near Compeigne.
The ciew were lost,
The Russian Government
London Grand Duke Michael agrees to accept the throne only
with the consent of the people who should by plebiscite establish a
new form of government and new fundamental laws.
Bapaume Is Taken
Bapaume has been captured by the British.
Reuters says that the towns of Translev and Achietlepetie, be
yond Bagdad, are reported to have been captured by the British.
Berlin admits German retirement between Sailly and St. Piene
Vaas woods and between Beauraigncs and Lassigny.
French Make Progress
Paris Noith of Avrc the French progressed over a front of ten
miles two miles deep. Official.
Trainmen Reluse To Strike
Columbus Trainmen on the Lebanon, Southern,subsidiary to the
Pennsylvania system, have informed Superintendent Geer that they
will refuse to obey tne strike order.
On The West Front
London The Germans set fire to Bapaume when they retreated.
It is believed that the present British advance brings the Germans to
the edge of disaster on the western front.
Saturday, March 1 7
Honolulu There was a hot meeting of the harbor board last
evening, with heated debate between McCarthy. Church and Forbes
over piers. Wakefield tried to straighten out the matter after a pro
Sensational Change In Russia
London The Romanoff dynasty in Russia ended yesterday.
Events happened with bewildering suddenness. Shortly after mid
night yesterday in his own name and the name of his sou Czar Nicho
las formally abdicated in favor of his brother, Michael. Czar Michael's
reign lasted fourteen hours, when he sent formal notice to the Duma
of his abdication, thus ending the rule of the Romanoff family. Before
abdication Nicholas named Grand Duke Nicholas, his uncle, supreme
commander of the Russian forces. A Duma committee has been select
ed to work with revolutionary ministry governing the country.
In The War Zone
New York The British have captured practically thj entire de
fenses in the St. Pierre district and Vaast Woods and in addition
gained 3000 yards of trenches in north and soulh woods.
Seven German aeroplanes have been shot down on the wesf front.
No British machines lost.
The French have scored advances on the Avrc and in Champagne.
Airships are raiding Kent county, England. Thus tar there have
been no casualties.
Obregon Shifts Over
Iil Paco General Obreirnn. Carrnnzn'i; r-ninm.Hi,ln!.n!,:..i
aligned himself with the opposition and become an ally of Villa. ' Ac
cording to reports, Obrogon is making no efforts to check Villa and
has announced his resignati- n from the Carranza forces. In doing so
he gives ill 'health as his reasons.
Trying To Settle Strike
New York The committee appointed bv tin- Prnc,Mt
settle the railroad strike was in session at 2 o'clock this morning with
railroad heads and Brotherhood chiefs. At that hour Secretary Lane an
nounced that no decision was reached and that no news wonM hn
Big Aulo Man Dead
South Bend Studebaker, the great auto manufacturer, is dead,
Honolulu A new concurrent resolution h
the House by a joint committee to investigate pier matters and school
funds as to districts. The House committee plans overriding fVi..,
as to expenditures.
The German Ships
The reply of Hackfeld to the Harbor Board that thcGrrmn,,
move outside within twelve hours is a flat refusal. The harbormaster
has been served with notice to that effect. The Imrhnrmt, :n
place such moorings on the Setos as to prevent hei leaving her hnrtli
nnrl nlcn net-r.,1 nr,,,,!',.. f . . Ul.ll.ll,
ii .. . luicm
unvc uuiinuus in rotten row, securely mooring German
which to reply in
Iaukea has been confirmed as Territorial secret.irv
Looks Bad For The Czar
Petrograd A council of nobility from fifteen nrmrir,nB i.i.:
pecial meeting and endorsed the revolutionary movoinm.f a k: ..A
was chosen from past members of the Duma, in cnnimio;' ...:.t.
workingmen, and soldiers. Mikukoff informed the Associated Press
that the new Russian regime was determined upon the elimination of
lr Nicholas. Hie Michael cabinet enjoys the full confidenrr. n( fj,
The British Yiew
London The abdication of the Czar and the
Michael regent is not yet carried out. though decided on. wmniitm
to an announcement of Law in the House of Commons. Duke Nicholas
has not yet reached the capital. He will probably takr
Old Deslroyer Sunk
A Britisher destroyer of an old type struck a mine in in T7t,rri,-ei,
channel and was sunk. One sailor was killed and 28 are missile
presumably drowned. ''
The Railroad Tie-up
Chicago The railroads have begun sendincr puilintim i,n;e i.
absolutely no freight will be accepted. Both sides are nnnnmnti,,
willing to confer on the strike matter, but there seems tnlliM
f a satisfactory adjustment of the difficulties. The Pnimmi f Mo
tional Defense has requested President Wilson, Secretaries Lane and
uaniels, Wsllard and Gompers to act as an advisorv rnmmiin
the railroad managers and labor Brotherhoods with a view to averting
strike, Hie President has sent out his personal annenl. nraincr .
operation In the effort at a settlement of the difficulties.
Look l,o Duke "Nick
Petrograd The nation is turning to Grand Duke Niolmioc
Friday, March 16
Hackfeld & Co. have asked for more time in
the mattet of the interned German ships,
Alexander Hume Ford has been presented with a rrnnrl i.
friends for the purposes of a vacation.
Queer Doings In Russia
London It is believed the Czar of Russia is in hidinp. hie n.i,.
abouts being unknown. The Czarina, who is of German birth and
creditted with influencing the Czar, is held a prisoner under trimrrl
In announcement of the news in the House of Commnne n.,..
Law said it was comforting to know that the movement in Rncuin m,c
not directed toward securing separate peace. Despatches from Prtmom,!
state that events leading to revolution started weeks ago with a street
UCI1IUI13U.IIIU.I uy wurKiuy peupic protesting against the shortage of
bread. The mounted street police refused to fire on the mobs. After
wards gendarmes patrolled the streets, showing little merrv tn'ti, rat
ers. Then regular troops joined the rioters, seizing armories and arsenals
ml on luesday were in full control of the city of PetropmH ti,
shortage of food is asctibed to the influence of the Czar. The Minis
ters displayed the white flag from the government buildinc. snrmnrlnr.
ing the same. They were placed under arrest. The flag was torn down
and the red flag of revolution hoisted in its place. This will remain
untn a new government nas oeen lormed, then the Russian flag will
go up again. .
A new cabinet composed of men close to the peoDle is iirtr,i
be composed of George Lovoff, premier; Paul Milukoff, minister of
foreign affairs; Quickoff, minister of the navv. The news spread
rapidly and garrisons and people were delighted.
Strike Seems Inevitable
Washington President Wilson feels powerless to stnn n rn!i,,i
trike. He is hoping that enough men will remain loyal to keep trains
Honolulu The Harbor Board has passed resolution ti,nf n.
German ships may remain in tlu. harbor if the crews are removed. The
"K"i k'vcm hi t.ou mis Miiciudoii in wnicn to decide what to do
Engineers report generally that Forbes' harbois plans are good
The German consul from the Philippines does not lenve m, nt
steamer owing to the situation in China.
Kemp has been confirmed by the Senate.
Emperor Nicholas Abdicated ?
New York A flash report says that Kmneror Nichnln nf tj,,cc;
Rebellion In Russia
London A tremendous revolt centerinc in Pet
has won for the Liberals against the Reactionaries, with the armv nul
n.ivjr uin-rwuiH iL-DUiiuu. wuiciais, inciuuiiig iormer Premier Stunn
er and Dr. Protoptopoff, minister of interior, arrested and imprisoned
bv the government. They are in the hands of the committee of safe
ty. The garrisons at Petrograd and Moscow went over iti n
The Russian Revolntion
Petrograd After three days battle between troons snrmnni,,,,
revolution and those opposing the revolution there were casualties of
The Russian Upheaval
Washington The upheaval in Russia is regarded hrrv nc n
ior icussia. it has lieen practically bloodness, jerfect order
prevailing and everything is in the hands of the government.
lyonaon when the Czar received word of the rpvnlntin,, i,
hurried to the capitol. It is believed that the Empress is at the Petro
The Strike Situation
New York The Brotherhoods decided to call n strR-f fnr a
clock Saturday afternoon, but it was afterward decided to .submit the
matter to a commission.