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THE GARDEtt ISLAND TUESDAY, MAY 15, 1917
Hanalei In History
Historical Society Paper read April 27, 101?
By Elsie Wilcox..'
lOnitinued from last issuel
Theiv slip woiilil remain lor .hours
it i? said, lost in contemplation of
the glorious seeing spread out bc
forc her, witjj thoughts wandering
often no doubt 0 distnilj fW;ts-'.
and scanning niayapMJn' piorij-on
again and again with eager eyes lor
1li while sale she kii.w could never
coined Te spot was'nanicd ' (.'row's
Nest", probably hy Wvllic, who is
said to have given it to Lady Frank
lin, when he found how nttfiehed to
it she had become. For many years
a wooden sign about three feet Jong
marked t he place. Upon Lady
Franklin's death about lNTiL her
residuary legatee wrote to Dishop
Willis of the Anglican Church in
Honolulu that she would donate
"Crow's Nest" to the church as the
Mte for a chapel. The Bishop rc
pli d. stating that it was useless as
a church site, as people would never
clii il that hill for worship, but ask
ed .lennii-ion to exchange it. Con
Mi was given, but on pursuing the
matter further, it was found that
Lady Franklin had no title.no con
vey nice have been recorded. The
site has bei
reabsorbed into the
plantation. The name "Crow's
Nt.i" was later applied to the
Transit of Venus Station at I'ooku,
as being an easier name for "inali
hinis" to master. The real "Crow's
Nest'" is, however, some distance
makai of Rookc, and should not bo
confused with it.
Other visitors to Mr. Wyllie were
Mr. and Mrs. Sterling and Mr. W.
T. Brigham. who wen' there in the
summer of isi;.". By that thin
1 S,.". Mr. .lohn Low had become
manager of the plantation. Mr.
Wundenberg had overseen t h e
change from cotfee to sugar and the
construction of the mill, which ran
by steam, and the machinery for
which was brought out from Glas
gow and set up by Mr. John Web
ster, who came out from Scotland
for that purpose. This mill stood
where the old chimney still stand?,
a relic of those days of hopeful en
terprise. The tirst crop of sugar
had been taken off in 18uo Mr
Wundenberg moved in the fallow
ing year, lot, to Honolulu. Mr
McGregor, the sugar-boiler, assum
ed the management for a few months
and was followed by Mr. II. Wicdr
iik m, who came in Xovemhei
lStiJ, just after leaving Lihue, and
who stayed until Mr. Low's arrival
in the Spring of 1 s;5. Jt was dur
ing Mr. Low's time that, owing to
sor.e trouble with Chinese coolies
lows of bayonets were installed in
the hall-way of the Kikiula house
These presented a very warlike ap-
per.ince, indeed, but were never
used, although Mi. Conradt also had
... 1 1 1 t j .1 , , ri.i
iiounie wnn ms i ninc.se jannr. iiiev
wi re finally removed in Mr. Willis'
time. Several small cane-grower.-wen'
in 'the valley at that time. Mr,
Fi '(leuberg. a Portuguese named
Andne Brooks, and a man named
Hansen, from whose early effort
Waipaa Plantation developed, and
po-:iiiiy otiiers. i nerc was a, coop
er named .Neumann and another
na: icd Brims, for in those days sug-
ai 'as shipped in casks or barrel-
and a cooper was a necessary hand
on a plantation. Bruns was inter
cMel in making furniture and some
of the Una articles handed down
roin that time are his work. There
wn also a carpenter named John
Cook, who had a Lou-e oil the hill.
Mr. Wyllie .lied u Oct. l'.l, lsr..".
and his estate wa. found to he in a
somewhat involved condition. Short
ly before hi- .hat h, a nephew. I!o
belt Crielitnll (Vk kr.uie. had come
out to join him. Wyllie intended
making mm ins heir, and ha.t sent ; e.l deeply enough, and at tunc
him to Princeville to learn the husi- j there was not water enough to Ilium
n.-!-s under M r. Low. Becoming de-: the enne down to the mill.' Thcs.
presM-d, Mippof-e.il ,,f the serious
financial difficulties of the estate,
t lr youn
I.- lived f..r several davs
I r. Smith, the nearest
, wa- Mini iiioneil from Ko
made a record-breaking
ride with relays of hor-es, covering
the folty-live lliile in three holll.
Honolulu, but their skill was of no
avail. The j oung fellow died, llo
was, buried. in the Wainli cemetery,
and Ins unmarked graved surround
ed by an iron fence, is still to be
seen 'i fieri'! ''.) TMp?) ;i?if
Princess Until vHitc.f -' lHahalvi
during Mr. Low's time. This' was
in,'lS(i,";pi'slie oajiie oh tlioAfneri
c;vn nia'n-'ijt-wiir,' "Lfiekawliim"
which wa"s commanded hy' Captain
Reynolds, who. before his return,
t tin- navy at the time of the Civil
War,: had lived at Mahnnalu.- Mrs.
Reynolds was also on hoard. The
Lows entertained the party with an
elaliorate picnic up at the "Kahi.'.'
On October 2. lStiT, S X. Castle
et al, executor of Wylllc's estate,
sold I'rinceville to Judge-IClisha II.
Allen, of the Supreme Court of Ho
nolulu. Mr. Low continued a s
manager until ISO!), when he was
'ollowid by Mr. Frank Bindt. Mr.
Bindt had been in the employ of
Ilofschlneger & Co. in Honolulu,
and had been sent by the firm to
Waipaa Plantation, where be had
served as sugar-boiler and manager.
He married IiOtiisa Johnson, the
daughter of Rev. Mr. Johnson, in
1SSC. Mr. P.indt whs in Princeville
v.ntil about 171. lie was succeed
ed by Mr. Willian Kinney, father
of W. A. Kinney, the lawyerl who
had been book-keeper On ihe place,
tit who acted as manager for a very
short time only, for on July 0, 1872,
Judge Allen sold one-cigth of Ids
interest in Princeville to Captain
John Ross, who took over the man
agement. Captain Ross was a re
tired American naval ollieer.
On October -l, 172:, Ju.ige".lleji
sold a on'e-quarler ' interest in' the
plantation to. John S. Walker and
Samuel C. Allen, doing business as
Walker Allen. Walker & Allen's
share was mortgaged to Andrew
Welsh, and upon the failure of the
firm of Walker it Allen in June,
1871, this one-fourth interest was
sold to 12, P. Adams by assignment,
who in turn- sold it on May 1, 1S7",
to Andrew Welsh. The plantation
was incoporated on October (!, 187").
12.11. Allen holding fiye-eighths,
Andrew Welsh one-fourth, and John
Ross one-cigth. In 1S72 the average
crop was 401) tons, capacity of the
mill, 1000 tons.
Captain Ross left Princeville in
ls7fi, and in partnership with 12. P.
Adams, bought out Mr. Titeomb's
interests in Kilauea in 1X77, and
planted cane there. Mr. Conradt,
who had come out from Hanover in
lMil to IIolTschlacger A Co. to sup
erintend their cotton enterprise
at Kealia, and who had also licen
in Kolna, became the manager of
Princeville, following Mr. Ross. Mr.
Carl Koelling wn?' associated with
him, Conradt attending to the agri
cultural part of the work and Koel
ling having charge of t he mill. Each
took up a one-sixteenth' interest in
the plantation, the, amount to be
paid olf gradually. Mr. Conradt
lived, however, for only one- year,
and Mr. Koelling look over the en
tire management. Brewer Co. were
now the agents and on July 1st.,
1S'., Mr. Koelling leased the place
from them for 11 years at sOOO.m
per year, organized a stock company,
tne nanaici Migar .Mill to , ami
put in the Diffusion system. The
company was as follows: Colonel
Spalding one-eighth, S.G.Allen one
eighth. Carl Tuch one-eighth, C.
Koelling live-eighth. Diffusion
proved a costly experiment, an.
combined Willi this was the fact
that the can.- had never done well
in that co.il, w.-t climate. Much of
it rotted in the lower fields, the up
per fields were, it is said, not plow-
j n ia n y d i tlicult ies ca used t he failure
of t h. company, Mr. Koelling left
in 1SS2, Brewer Co. sold the rat-
toon crop to a Chinaman, Wong
Gun, who took off the la-t crop,
l!7 tons, in lvr,;. Mr lii.'-del, who
had been the nginecr for many
years, stayed until the end, as did
I al.-o Mr. Rftdwav, the book-keeper.
little time thereafter.
By 180.r, Mr. A. S.. Wilcox had
secured control of all except. the Al
len interests, which latter he secur
ed finally by May. IS!)'.).' Mr. C.
H. Willis became manager in lS!t(h
The lower lands were rented out to
Chinese rice-planters, and the upper
lands, between Hanalei and Kalihi
wai were planted to imported grass
es and turned into a cattle-ranch.
Mr. Willis died in 1!K).". and was
succeeded by Mr. W. F. Sanborn.
In June, 1!)1G, Mr. Wilcox sold the
Princeville lands to the Lihue
Plantation Co., and W. F. Sanborn
(onc4MUi), reserving for himself
his own beach residence, which had
been built in 1S0(!, the old Mission
Home, and some kuleanas along
Food Or Drink?
We must conserve our food sup
ply. The Great VTar is being fought
on both sides on short rations, and
the pinch of privation will sooner
or later be at our own vitals. The
world's food crops were lamentably
short at the last harvest and they
promise to be no better this year.
Our first great dutv of coopera
tion in the war is to feed our allies;
for. it would be tatuous to refuse
to adniit that the German sub
marine campaign is forcing the
brilish and French peoples to tight
en their belts. What must we do
to meet this ohigation without im
posing too great suffering or un
necessary sacrifice on our own peo
ple? We must raise every pound of
food we can.
We must eliminate every ounce
of waste and extravagance we can.
We must save food by abolishing
Drink is made from food. Beer
is made from barely and sugar:
whiskey from ive or corn. What
we drink we cannot have to tat.
Kngland cut her production of
beer in half and saved five hundred
and seventy million pounds of bar
ley, seventy-two million pounds
of sugar, and thirty-three million
pounds of other grain products a
If the United States were to cut
its consumption of drink only in
half, enough breadstuff's would 1 e
savt-d to provide eleven million
loaves of bread a dav.
In this preat national crisis, shall
men drink or women and children
For Sale at Leading
Distributors Territory of Hawaii.
Why Worry ?
The common soldier, whatever
his nationality. is generally a cheer
ful philosopher. Especially if he
is a Frenchman. Here is the new
est statement of the philosophy of
the French poilu:
Of two things one is certain:
Either you're mobilized or you're
If you're not mobilized there's
no need to worry; if you're on the
front, of two things one ts certain:
Either you're behind the, lines or
you're on the trout.
If you're behind the lines there
is no need to worry; if you're on
the front, of two things one is
certain: Either you're resting in a
safe place or you're exposed to
If you're resting in a safe place
there is no need to worry; if you're
exposed to danger, of two things
one is certain: Either you're
wounded or you're not wounded.
If you're not wounded there is
no need to worry; if you are
wounded, of two things one is cer
tain: Either you're wounded se
riously or you're wounded slightly.
If you're wounded slightly there
is no need to worry; if you're
wounded seriously, of two things
one is certain: Either you'll re
cover or you'll die.
If you recover there is no need
to worry; if you die you can't i
No had philosophy, in the
trenches or out.
SSifL -iiJ SFk ill ffl
Markets and Grocers
The United States Government
has' f.r years employed the most
skillful food experts a n d spent
hundreds of thousands of dollars to
meet exactly such a condition of
high prices as now confronts the
American housewife. Here is where
Uncle Sam buildcd better than he
knew. But what he found out has
reached only' a small part of the
public. Now, however, this valu
able information will reach millions.
All the departments at Washington
have now cooperated to give Til 12
LADIES HOME JOURNAL all the
information they have secured, and
the magazine will give the most
timely parts of it to 'the public in
easily readable and popular. form.
Dick Whittington, well known
here as the former head luna of
Koloa, is now in charge of the
Ilonouapo Landing in Kan, Ha
waii. Mrs. Whittington is a Kan
girl where she has valuable estates;
she was never quite at home on
Kauai, and is glad to 'get hick in
Coach I. Ray Martin, for the
past three years director of ath
letics at Heidelberg University.
Tiffin, Ohio, has just been appoint
ed Athletic director of the Good
year Tire Sr Rubber Co., at Akron,
Ohio.' Athletics occupy a very
prominent place at the Goodyear
plaut'and embrace every branch of
sport. A niagnificant athletic field
of K) acres is at the disposal of the
different teams. Coach Martin's
efforts at Heidelberg Were crowned
last season by the best athletic
record ever made at that university,
and lie is therefore expected to con
tinue the present high athletic
standing of the Coodvenr company,
CALIFORNIA FEED CO
Hay, Chain- and Chickkx
Sole Agents for
International Stock. Poultry Fund
jili.l other specinltiefi. Arabic fnr
ennlin;.' linn PnnlV. Petalmna In
cubators and I'.rnn.lers.
King's Sn-ciAi. Chick Food
P.O. Box 452, Honolulu
11 U f&
Kewest.Cooiest hotel in Hawaii
tort Street Honolulu
for hire at all hours.
Tel. 482 Car No. 540
Fresh as .
That's the way th.w use,!
Kiinii. nt.- v ill return to ymi
ai'l.-r i-, .-ei inr i, m-
They'll weiir 1. inner mid ,,V
hetler. AH nn.k per-nnnlly
t-np.-rvi-ed l.y the pr. irieh ir.
Dveing and Cleaning Works.
I. AISADiK, Proprietor.
el.d J"U- ,-l,4!ie.- I,, IIS .lil-ert.
'- . ' i'. . c . .
Tfco 13) n r Ti
1 locloin Wi re nl.-i
it down from ' u ho remained in