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Miss EUio Wilcoti
Beets, no sale
ESTABLISHED 1904. VOL. 13. NO.
NATION NOW UNDER
Washington President Wilson lust night allixed his signature to
the Army Hill ami the Nat ion is now under a compulsory military ser
Immediately after signing the hill. a proclamation which had already
been prepared, calling for the first draft of half a million men, to be
selected by quota from the various States and Territories, was issued.
This proclamation named June f as the date when the registration of all
male citizens between the ages os twenty one and thirty years, subject to
dinft, is to begin. This registration will be carried on under the election
machinery of the States and is to be completed, according to the expec
tations here, by June 10.
The proclamation naming the registration date makes an exception
of the Territories of Hawaii, Alaska and Porto Rico, the date for which
will be named in a later proclamation.
The President, in his proclamation, urges the Nation to unite for
the tremendous task confronting the United States and to prepare each
man to carry out the duty with which he will bo confronted, whether it
be in the fields with the army or at some equally necessary task back
of the firing line.
'"This is a new thing in our history and this bill which has just be
come law is a landmark in our national progress."
The proclamation enjoins the Inen of the Nation to approach regis
tration day with a thoughtful apprehension of its significance.
The proclamation calls all national gUard units into the federal ser
vice, the mobilizations of the various State guards into the selected mili
tary centers to take place between July 15 and August f.
The governors of the various States and Territories are authorized to
proceed with the recruiting of all guard units up to war strength.
The bill, as it reached the President, provides ultimately for an ar
my of two million men, but the fust call is for only half a million, a
number which it is estimated nifty be withdrawn from profitable employ
ment at. this time without crippling any industry.
Yesterday, as an amendment to the War Budget Hill, the senate
added a rider to the effect that the provisions of the Army Hill relating
to compulsory military service be effective only until foui months after
the termination of the present war.
PORTO IANS OF
Manuel Olivieri Sanchez, the
young Porto Rican, against whom
Judge Kemp rendered a decision
for a petition for a writ of mandamus
to compel City and County Clerk
David Kalauokalani, of Honolulu,
to register him as an elector, visit
ed Kauai last week in an endeavor
to interest the Porto Rican colony
on this island in the case.
The opinion rendered by Judge
Kemp is to the effect that Porto
Ricnns resident in Hawaii who left
Porto Rico prior to March 2, 1917,
are not citizens of the United States.
This decision effects several hundred
Porto Ricans who hoped to vote at
the coining primary and general
Sanchez has an appeal pending
in tho Supreme Court and is endear-
oring to enlist tho financial support
of the Porto Ricans thruout the
Territory. As the case now stands
a great many of the Porto Ricnns
of Hawaii arc apparently without a
The Star-Bulletin reports the
Primary Election for Honolulu, City
and County as follows:
Party Oilice Party
David Kahaulelio, unopposed
candidate for mayor on the Lahui
(People's Party) ticket, was of
course nominated. He got only a
few votes and can run in the finals
if he files the necessary fees. The
names aliove are only those who run
for the general election and do not
include the candidates elected outi
right at the primary.
HAWAII NO! CITIZENS
Red Cross Relief Work
4 p. m.
Every Thursday from !) to 12 a.
m. from 2 to p. m. the lanai in
the Lihue Hawaiian church grounds
will be open to all ladies who wish
to help in the Red Cross Relief
Two hundred Comfort bags have
been made already and there is on
hand material for one hundred
mom. When these are finished oth
er ivn.-ful articles will be made.
All ladies of Lihue are cordially
invited to bring their needles, thim
bles and scissors, and to help in
this wdrk, any or every Thursday
as their time permits.
At -1 p. m. this coming Thursday
there will be an important business
meeting and ALL interested in this
organization are urgently requested
fo be present at this hour.
Mits. C. A. Rick,
President Relief Work.
A Wireless Visitor
Mr. D. A. D'e Wolf is visitiing
Kauai in the course of a tour of in
spections of the Wireless stations of
the Islands. These stations, as is
well known, are now under the jur
isdiction and management of the
Naval Department. Mr. Do Wolf
is inspecting the local plant with a
view to bringing it into line with
naval standards and practices; ho
speaks in the hightesi terms of its
ollieiency as an up-to-date plant, so
that very little change will need to
be made. He is a brother of Mrs.
Wm. E. Davis, who is making the
most of his brief stay.
Another Dinner Party
A very sueecsssul and congenial
little dinner party was given by
Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Wilcox at their
Kilohana homo on Friday evening.
After dinner the party attended the
Scavenius piano recital. The favor
ed guests were Mr. and Mrs. 0. A.
Riee, Dr. and Mrs. Putnian, Col.
and Mrs. G. P. Wilcox, Mr and
Mrs. Allen C. Wilcox, and Mr. and
Mrs. W. N. Stewart.
Mr. Jacobs of the Kauai Trading
Co., is in Honolulu on a business
LIHUE, KAUAI, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, TUESDAY. MAY 22, 1917
Tlie primary election on Kauai
of excitement. With one exception, the present incumbents ' won out.
In Kawaihau district there were five candidates in the field for
Supervisor and the votes were verv evenly divided. J. F. Rettenc.ourl
Jr. finally winning from Joe Rodrigues the present encumbent by one
vote. 67 to 60,
The fight for the County Clerkship was not so exciting as it promised
to be J. M. Kanenkua beating his adversaries bv a comfortable majority.
Treasurer A. G. Kaulukou hnd an opponent in Win. Chandler, but
at no time was the outcome in doubt. Kaulukou 6!)2, Chander, 1 17.
The race for the office of Auditor between C. Maser and S. K. Kaahu
was rather exciting for a while, so much so in fact, that some feared we
were going to lose our old stand-by Major C. Maser. The Major gradual
ly pulled ahead tho and finally won by a majority of -122 to JiOo.
There will be four names on the ballot for the General election on
the 12th of June. C. Maser candidate for Auditor and J. M. Kaneakua
candidate for Clerk, will both have to run again because they did not get
a majority of the votes cast. The other two names on the ballot will be
J. F. Bettencourt, Jr, Republican, and L llanohano, Democrat, who
will light it out for the Supprvisorship of Kawaihau district.
Following is the complete returns by district:
1 2 U 4 5 G 7- 8 10 Totiils
Hn.mlt, T. it) :?7 (id :u i:u
McHrytle, W. I). It 1 -41 Til )-
Wislmrtl. II. I). It 1(VI 104
Itmlriirues, ,Ini I! 50 50
Mi-ntles, K. It -II 41
Ilnno, I). 1'. K 44 44
Hcttencimrt, .1. I Kl 57 57
Iliinolmno, I.. 4 4
Mcnefnglio. A. (It) 211 78 101
Kice, W. II. 00 !!S 70 U 50 174 1 70 042
Allium, K. C (10 0 4 I 14 17 117 27 II! 4 205
Kimeiikuu. .1. M. It 10 02 51 15 12 54 ISO l.'l 01 420
Kiilu, .1. K. It 5 0 10 21 42 li 5 1 2 08
Waiiui.lI.U'.tNVm-l'arti-aii!:; 2 11 " 10 20 11 7:5
Kaulukou. A. (i. (H) 10 51 44 20 40 I5 14 1 20 74 502
Chandler, .1. S. (0) 22 21! 14 17 !!0 10 22 I! M7
Maser, C. UO 15 X) u - 151 '" - 18 4S 422
Kimliu, S. K. (10 22 20 4IJ 17 !!:! 20 100 5 HO 1105
Kneo.S. K. (It) 50 40 20 40 144 84 10 24 400
THE MEANING OF
THE PRIIRYIFOOD PRODUCTION
Although the returns are not in
from Niihau, the outcome of the
primary elections on Saturday is
Under the provisions o f the
primary law, the Supervisors, with
the exception of the one for Kawai
hau, are duly elected. For Kawai
hau, Bettencourt will have to make
good against llanohano, in a regular
election, which no doubt he will be
able to do without difficulty.
For the other ollices, Wm. Henry
Rice is elected for Sheriff; A. (!.
Kaulukou for Trersurer and S. K.
Kaeo for County Attorney.
A further regular election will be
required to fill the ollices of County
Clerk and County Auditor.
We congratulate those who are
elected, and assure them of our loyal
support in the faithful conduct of
The Piano Recital
The Scavenius piano recital at
the Social hall Friday evening was
all that it gave promise of being,
and all were very glad that they
There were some 76 people there,
needless to say the cream of Lihue,
with a little of the very choicest of
the cream of the other side of the
Island, a very intelligent and ap
preciative audience. The instructive
feature, the brief characterization of
each musician and his work as rend
ered, was an excellent new depar
ture, which added materially to the
interest of the evening.
We understand that Mr. Scave
nuis is morn than pleased with the
treatment that he has received at
the hands of the Kauai people.
last Saturday was, as usual, devoid
LABOR THE SNAG OF
The universal conviction of thos
who know best is that the crux of
the food production problem is go
ing to be LABOR. Every-thing else
can be counted on, but everything
else threatens to be in vain because
of the scarcity of labor.
The Plantations complain that
they have barely enough labor for
their present needs and that in case
of the mobilization of the N. G. II.
they will be seriously handicapped,
and certainly will have no men to
spare for rice, beans, or potatoes.
All of which is about equivalent to
saying "We are so busy we haven't
time to eat," a condition which
soon runs to starvation.
When actual starvation begins to
stare people in the face they will
find time and means to raise food
and perhaps not until then. With
teas and lunches and course dinners
"as usual" it is pretty hard for us
to realize that there can be any
shortage, or what that shortage will
mean. We talk in a facetious, light
hearted way about economy, but
we don't do anything.
We understand that the Terri
torial Food Commission has plenary
powers to enforce any measures that
may be necessary to insure food pro
duction sufficient for our needs.
Doubtless there are constitutional
limitations to such powers. But
might not this Commission find
some way to commandeer this one
remaining factor of success Labor
without which all the rest goes for
Especially in towns and cities,
there is a great deal of labor lying
idle, loafers getting into mischief,
who might well be set to work. And
there is everywhere a great deal of
desultory labor, lying idle part of
the time j this might be made more
SUBSCRIPTION RATES, $2.50
Washington, May 1!) One division, twenty-two thu-.n-and Ameri
cans, will be rushed to the lighting flout in Flanders with asjiltle delay
as possible, under the command of General Pershing.
Such was the formal announ'eiiieiit from the White House last night.
It was stated that the President has bten considering the request pre
ferred by General Joffre and Vice-Premier Viviani of France, that Un
united States forward with as little delay as practicable, an armed
force, no matter how small, for the moral effect which the presence of
such a force would undoubtedly have upon both tin- Enti nte and the
troops of the Central powers with whom the French and British are light
Geneial Pershing was selected
best available men to command the
from his work along the Mexican border to take charge of the prelimi
nary work of gathering his staff and making other arrangements for his
treiueuously important undertaking.
While no details of the plan have been allowed to become nublic it
was stated that General Pershing and
he sent to franco some time in advance of the mam bedv of his com
mand. This is in part to give him
touch with the situation in northern
In the mean time the war department, it is understood, is even
now busy with the task of selecting
the nuUe up ol the division. J he American division' consists of two
brigades of from two to four regiments of infantrv each, a reiriniciit of
cavalry, a regiment of artillery, a
unit, signal corps companies and other auxiliaries. The regiments of
infantry are made up of 1!)20 officers and men and the total of the divi
sional strength is in the neighborhood of twenty-two thousand men and
The administration is determined that the men who are to be sent
to France are to be the very pick of tlie. American forces and in conse
quence is devoting not a little pains
nave to meet the Jluns.
Orders are out already from the war deparment calling upon ollieers
of proved judgement and experience for the desperate work that lies
ahead of the American troops, and notifying them to begin to prepare
for tho task ahead of them.
The make up of the command that will go to France under General
Pershing has not been decided upon as yet, but it is practically certain
that it will be disportionatcly strong in artillery of nil- calibers. The
guns of the American annv are ranked among the best in the world and
the American gunners are among the finest despite the handicaps they
have had until recently.
The First Aid Class
Nears The Finish
The regular meetings of the First
Aid Class closed on Friday after
noon when the ladies were drilled
on the impromptu stretcher and
how to handle it. Obiect lessons
were given in provismg stretcners
dut of old coats and broomsticks,
and in transferiing and transport
ing real patients.
Awaiting the arrival of the ex
amination papers from Washington
some reviewing will be done, so
that the class may hold its fine
working edge until the end.
Dr. Putnian expresses himself as
Munch pleased with the work that
the class has done and would like
to carry them on to advanced work
in the same line.
Is Molokai A German Base?
Private advices received lately by
Mrs. W. H. Rice, report much in
terest and no little anxiety on that
Island in regard to the movements
of a suspicious looking craft that
has been seen in the neighborhood
of that Island. She was about the
size of a Hawaiian American steam
er; she circled the little island of
Molokai in an aimless fashion and
then made off to the South and
There are all kinds of fears and
surmises as to her being a German
raider, but it would seem to be next
to impossible that there can be any
such vessel in these waters, because
of the lack of a base of supplies.
Mrs. K. Burke of Kanna. snent
the week end at Kilnuca ns the miost
- - - r,
of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Myers, who
gave her a "party" in which the
leading people of Kilauea participat
ontinuous and more efficient.
And when const-riot ion comes in
force, may it not be advisable to
conscript men for service in the
fields, as well as in the camps; there
will not be much use in putting
men into military service if they
can't be fed when they get theie.
PER YEAR 5 CENTS PER COPY
after careful consideration, ns the
division, and he has been called
his peisoual staff will undoubtedly
an opportunity of getting in close
the commands which are to go into
regiment of engineers, a field hospital
to the work of getting the best we
THE PASSING OF THE
Mr. W. F. Sanborn reports that
the anthrax plague at Hanalei is
now well in hand, there having only
two deaths in the last four days. All
tho stock on the ranch, and in the
Valley as well, have now been inocu
lated with serum, the second round
being now nearly completed, ami it
isexpeeted that the disease will now
wholly disappear in a few days.
The serum treatment has been
very expensive, but it was tlie only
thing to do, and the prompt appli
cateon of it lias no doubt been the
means of saving the Ranch, and' in
deed the grazing interests of the Is
lands. School Compositon Contest
In regard to this contest we would
say that all the competing essays
are not in as yet, but will be in a
few days, when the awards will be
made, and the best compositions
published. They show a very com
mendable range of originality, and
will make interesting, as well as
In the Ladies' Doubles finals
played off on Thursday last at Ho
ca, between the M isM-s .Mengler and
Mrs. Philip IMce ami Miss Melutyre
was won by the former. The sets
went (5-2, (-:. The winners receiv
ed a prize of two line rackets put up
by Mrs. Hans Isenberg.
Niihau rejoices in one school, of
one grade, of ;i 1 pupils for her edu
cational needs. The simple niral
school is handled by a Hawaiian, n
native son of Niihau, who neverthe
less speak English very well and
meets the moderate educational re
quirements of tin- Niihau public,
who are a little shy of loo much