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THE GARDEN ISLAND TUESDAY. JAN. 1, 1918;
Thrift earns, AND
plans, AND Manages,
We pay 4 interest on
Bishop & Company
Extracts From Daily Reports
of County Agents
Sprayed potatoes at Patterson
Snow white, velvet
smooth collars and
cleaned gowns and
suits; beautifully col
ored, permanently dy
ed fabrics;-these three
points i n excellent
service are offered you
Mail orders a specialty.
777 So. King St.,
eellent for boiling, but not so Rood P'""1 1,11,1 "1,l( h of
for poi. 1 he Hawaiians do not
raise this as a rule, but some will
be raised by the hui. I believe
that more palakea taro should be
raised thruout the territory.
Japanese Cooperative Societies.
A committee of Japanese came
demonstration farm using 5-5-50 to me for help regarding their sell-
home-made Bordeaux supplement- ing, buying problems. We called
ed with 3 lb. arsenate of lead to on ten Japanese living in Keahou,
100 gallons spraying mixture, in Kainahu and Kcalakekua and
comparison with pyrox" supple- found the following conditions:
mented with Faris Green. Results The coffee producers ate not re
thus far attained would indicate ceiving at present what they con-
that both poisons have been effec- sider a fair price for their coffee.
tiye in checking insect injury, as Often when they sell to the large
no blight has yet appeared. The merchants here thev do not get
effectiveness of the two forms of cash but trade checks. In addi-
Bordeaux cannot yet be determin- tion they consider that the nier-
ed. Find that approximately 100 chants charge them excessive pric-
gallons of solution is required to es for what they buy.
snrav an acre of notatoei in which These Japanese want to go to-
the plants are seta foot apart in I gether and buy their stuff whole-
rows 30 inches apart, plants avevag- sale, and want to find out the low
ing a foot in heigth. Also that it est price they can get for rice in
required! about 9 hour-days to ton lots. They piefer Japanese
W. H. ZIMMERMAN
JOHN F. RAI'OZO, Lilme, Kauai.
you may look far and long
and yet not come upon any
thing more suited to the times
Let every member of your
family rejoice in Regal-clad
Order bv mail.
REGAL SHOE STORE
for hire at all hours.
Tel. 228 Car No. 404
spray an acre thoroughly when us
ing a knapsack or comprised air
hand sprayer. On the above basis
with present costs of material and
: labor it cost us to spray approxi
mately as follows:
1 Wta'.oe with Bordeaux mixture
rice, but it this cannot be gotten,
will take Texas rice. Thev also
wish to buy their sovu, barley,
clothes, etc. the same way. If
they can exchange their coffee and
other produce for the stuff they
buy, in this manner it will be much
ipp'.cnitnted with arsenate of soda better for them.
v.s-ric the ordinary 3 gallon
ca;icitT knapsack or compressed
10 lb. Iblue stone (copper sul-
rh.ite") (A 15c $1.50
10 lb. Best burned lime l! j.4 .15
3 lb. Arsenate of lead 30c 1.15
Two davs labor for mixing and
applying spray Uv 1.50 pet
dav 3 00
Total cost per acre 5.70
There is no allowance for equip
ment in the above.
Opikihale, Klpahohoe Awa Production
At Kipahoehoe and South found
considerable awa root production.
Hie Hawaiians in tins part are
making a business of raising and
drying this root. Near Papa there
is about 60 acres of it. It takes
five to six years for the roots to
mature. They are then dug, cut
in slices, cleaned ana anowea 10
drv in the sun before shipping
The Hawaiians say that they ave
race two or three tons per ncie
yield. Thev send it to San Fran
Spraying with power equipment ci9C0 receiving from ?60 to 870 per
lessons costs somewhat, and great
ly increasing the capacity for cover
ing the ground rapidly. It is esti
mated that no less than two and
not more than five sprayings will
be necessary for effective control.
Home Gardens in Central Maui
Dec. 11 and 12th spent in judg
ing home gardens witn Messrs
Mathews, Editor Maui News
Some 200 miles covered by auto
and foot visiting some 15 gardens.
Very creditable gardens were seen
in eacti ot tne several cusiricis.
The judges gave consideration to
only the four or five gardens which
the district supervisors considered
the best in their respective dis
tricts, this being necessary because
of the large number of gardens
competing there being possibly
500 in Central Maui alone. Three
first prizes will be awarded to Cen
tral Maui contestants, These will
consist of a free trip and a weeks
stav in Honolulu; 2nd and 3rd
prizes will consist of useful com
modities. Full report will appear
in the Maui News of the 14th inst
This home garden competition was
carried out under the auspices of
the Maui County Fair & Racine
Assn, The Countv Agent has giv
en freely of the Food Commis
sion's service to this work and has
obtained much valuable data as a
result of his contact with the work.
Kula and Makawao Demonstrations.
Materials were distributed, new
lots of solutions were made up and
in several cases a final spraying
was made to the crops of potatoes
soon to be harvested. On the
whole the present winter crop of
potatoes not badly hit by the
blight; on the other hand, there is
ample evidence that the spraying
has been effective in warding off
the blight in many cases.
The cut-worm and aphis injury
together with possibly the newlv
discovered potato mite appears to
have been quite as serious a draw
back as the blight. Scarcely less
attention has been given to the in
sect pests that to the potato dis
eass, and it becomes apparent that
a number of factors must be con
tended with rather than with the
ton for it. Most of this awa be
ing used for medicinal purposes,
Taro Hui, Hookena.
urove to nooKena to neip torm
a nui tor tne raising ot taro. ine
people here wanted to sometime
ago organize this hui. One has
finally been organized, with Mr
satnuei loomey or KeaiaKeicua as
president. There will be about 35
families in it altogether.
There has been a shortage of
taro for sometime, many stopping
from raising it, the pull having
risen from $1.50 to 83.50 and 84
per bag. This being too high the
Hawaiians have been substituting
nan nour ana taro. tnisnui in
tends to greatly increase the
amount of taro in South Kona es
pecially, reducing the price of
taro. Kona will be supplied first,
and the surplus sent to Honolulu
Am trying to get Kona produce
consumed m Hona wherever pos'
Mr. Henuques, who has consid
erable land in this vicinity has
offered the hui good taro land at
$2 per acre rent.
There is a white taro that is ex
There is also considerable pia
raised in this vicinity. The tubers
are used for making startch, The
Hawaiians use this stai tch both
for the clothes and for food, mixing
it in poi. They do not raise it on
a commercial scale however.
Visited growers near Kapoho; rain
K 5V6 acres potatoes, 1 acres pea
nuts, one acre watermelons, and will
soon plant moro acres of each. Say
that Island potatoes and heans have
hecn feilures in that region. Hybrid
potatoes complete failures. Henry
Lyman has growing pigeon peas and
edible canna, which are now doing
well; also has three imported Ches
ter 'Whites, thirteen small pigs and
Gave 1000 sweet potato cuttings to
Pasyck. Volcano district 11 acres
cabbages, 3V2 acres corn, 2 acres
beans, 24 acres Island potatoes, $4
acres pumpkins. Will soon plant 20
acres corn, l'i acres cabbage, 2-'4
acres Island potatoes and V acre of
sweet potatoes. Mr. English will try
alfalfa. Gave him small quantity of
seed. Is having success with dies
ter Whites, 3 pure bred mature hogs
and 29 small pigs.
Kaneohe, Waiaohle, Kalai, Waikane.
Kice crop coming off very well
through these districts. Chinese
seem satisfied and feel they are get
ting very good yields. Japaneso pea
nuts coming along fairly well and
promise a good crop.
New rice land leased from Sing
Chong by Japanese plowed up and
ready for planting at right time. At
present a good deal of water due to
heavy rains. This land looks good
Ij. L. McCandless' rice land at Wai
hole idle. Can anything be done?
Ho does not seem to bo able to see
clear of the shadow of a dollar.
uninaman uy cnurcli nas a gcod
l-eanuis worked iy i:hineso near
Kaaawa Point give promise of a good
General conditions fairly good; good
biock on nana ai present, what can
bo done with great surplus?
tattle on this place look very fair
new coast cattle picking up. The old
slock are being imported and sold.
Iced fields of alfalfa, pondan and
sorghum looking very well.
( has. I.ucas claims he is short of
feed so wants to sell some of his cat
tie. These cattle are mostly imported
i.ooKing into sweet potatoes com
ing in trom around the island find
there are not too many. Irish po
tato seed coming in soon according
to the market.
J-.verylliing going on well. .Mr. Iior
den interested in coming Territorial
Fair in the spring. Directions
classes, prizes, Inst me t ions, etc., ought
to no sent out or posted around the
islands in printed form. Island and
imported stock should be separately
Japaneso doing good work here;
Corn and tomatoes doing well; some
potatoes In and doing nicely. .More
being planted ns they obtain seed.
Good seed Is being gotten from o
Chung & Co.
Kverything nt Kailua doing well;
onlv one corn patch hit by hopper.
About 30 aerus of onions now about
Talked over plan for fertilizing ex
periment nt Papaikoti with principal.
Gardens In laborers' camps doing
verv nicelv. The people here show
signs of Interest.
Measured off plots nnd staked com
ers for experiment at school gardens.
Made four equal plots 40 x 22 with a
2-ft. space between plots, one to be
fertilized with complete fertilizer;
one wit n sianeu nine; one wun nom
lime and fertilizer and one as a check.
Homo spare ground near these plots
is to be planted at the same time by
the Portuguese janitor of school in
ho old fashioned Portuguese manner
Large garden along sido of houses
in camps; corn, cassada, beans, sweet
potatoes nnd cabbages main crops.
orn and beans doing very nicely
except in a few gardens where the
cut worm is very troublesome. Pump
kin., peanuts and cassava, also taro
ne ir Hawaiian homes doing very well
now with rainy weather.
On a Portuguese place here is a
lemon tree about 10 feet high with
very little foliage and branches on
it except at end of long bare trunk;
has about 20 to 30 lemons on it, each
lemon weighing close to 1 pound. On
asking why more were not raised
said they did nt one time but it had
all been cleared for cane.
One Japanese has some dry land
rice growing. Soy Deans give signs
of a very good crop; potatoes doing
poorly on account of too much rain;
sweet corn growing 8 to 10 feet high
with 2 to 3 good ears to a stalk.
More taro being planted as there
is a hotter price lor Jt. 1 no Japan
ese get together and send the taro
to the Coast in crates.
Gave out turnip seed to the truck
gardeners to try out to seo what
success there is hero in turnip grow
Collected pledge cards and school
Limed and fertilized school plots
and had school boys dig over the
area and mark it for planting. Boys
interested in work. Teacher has
asked them to submit a paper on the
third day of school next term on the
work and proceeding with the ex
perinient. Experiments are going to
be carried out in all the school and
the students familiarized with the
Hilo Boarding School.
Taro ready for harvesting. Found
a grass growing in taro held and in
pasture that is very vigorous grower
crowding out other grasses and grow
ing all in and around the taro, chok
ing it out. Sent specimens to IT. S
Experiment Station for name, char
acteristic of growth and usefulness
Went to seo potatoes sprayed
week ago. Rainy weather washing
off spray; young plants that were no
uauiy anecieu snow tne nenelit o
spraying. Maui beans, lima beans
peas, tomatoes, corn, cabbages all do
ing very nicely.
Camps along roadsides all have good
gardens and show signs of much in
terest nnd work in gardening.
All bakers using 10 barrels or more
of flour per month are required to
take out a license. The size of the
loaf of bread will be stabilized to
the multiples of 16 ounces and 24
ounces. License applications will In
forwarded to all bakers as soon
they are received in Honolulu.
The steps that are now being taken
to regulate the baking industry ar
only part of the program contempt:
leu. 1 tie wtieat conservation pro
gram, which Is the most importan
part, will bo the next step. Ther
is a pressing necessity of reducing th
consumption of wheat Hour in th
I'nited States by at least twenty-fly
million barrels in the next twelv
months in order that we may hav
even tne minimum necessary tor ex
port overseas to our own and our
allies' lighting forces and for our al
lies' minimum civilian needs.
In view of the regulation of bakers
who conserve wheat, it will bo well
for county agents to encouarge the
production of cassava from which
can be manufactured a very satisfac
tory flour. If sufficient quantities of
cassava are available, we will their
be in a very good position to substi
tute cassava Hour for a portion of
the white Hour consumed should reg
ulations come from Washington re
ducing the quantity of Hour to be
used in the manufacture of bread.
Cassava is a safe crop to raise
because if it is not needed for human
consumption as flour, it can always
lie feil to pigs, for which there is al
ways a ready sale.
J. K. CHILD,
Asst. Executive Ollicer.
MORRIS & COMPANY'S B
TABLE DELICACI ES
Kvcrv Can (iuimiuttrd
QUOTATIONS SUBMITTED UPON REQUEST
GONSALVES & CO., LTD.
Agents for Hawaii.
74 Queen Street, - Honolulu, T. H.
C. W. SPITZ, Prop.
NAWILIWILI, KAUAI TELEPHONE 494
Automobiles to all Parts of Kauai,
all hours, Day and Night
AUTOMOBILES AND LIGHT
PIERCE ARROW, HUDSON, STUDEBAKER, OVERLAND
AND EORD CARS, FEDERAL AND
Goodyear Tires and Tubes
The best in the Market for the Money.
Agents for Inter Island Steam Navigation Co., Ltd.
at Nawiliwili. Kauai
NAWILIWILI GARAGE, Agents for Kauai.
Copyiittt lUrl Sibaifncr & Mar
Silva's Toggery, Honolulu. J